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this year.

*

Supt. Jas. A. Foshay has been untiring in his efforts to secure the to American teachers in our former history, but you stand to-day
N. E. A. for his city. He was ably seconded in his work by Dr. on the vestibule of a still more important age, the age of the union
Brown of Berkeley, Albert Lyser of San Francisco, Supt. of Public of the new world with the old world."
Instruction S. T. Black, and others. A promise was given that

* * 5000 California teachers would attend the Los Angeles meeting. How can the county institute be improved ? If the county instiLet us all help to make the promise good.

tutes are to be continued, some means must be devised to improve

them. There are too many of them that are of so little value to * *

the teachers that to ask them to spend time and money in attendThe teachers will miss from the institute field some familiar faces

ing them is unjust. There are many exceptions to this rule that

are sources of real inspiration to all who attend. But they are the Prof. Griggs of Stanford, A. B. Coffey, Earl Barnes,

exceptions, and not the rule. In many institutes the same dull, Charles H. Keyes will be missed from the institute programs. mechanical routine has been pursued for twenty years. The Some new faces, however, will appear, and superintendents will

teachers have become blasé. A visitor can sit for two hours, as have the following list to select from: Dr. Elmer E. Brown, giving even passive attention to what is going on. The counten

the writer has done repeatedly, and not find more than one in five Berkeley; Prof. Elwood Cubberly, Stanford; Dr. O. P. Jenkins,

ances of the teachers wear a bored expression, and they are free to Stanford: Dr. Thomas P Bailey, Berkeley; Dr. Dresslar, Berke declare among themselves that they attend the institute because ley; Dr. D. S. Jordan, Stanford; Prof. Charles H. Allen, San the superintendent expects them to do so, and he grants the cerJose; T. H. Kirk, San Bernardino; C. C. Van Liew, Los Angeles; tificates. Here is a problem which the county superintendents Prof. Washington Wilson, Berkeley; Prof. T. L. Heaton, Berkeley; and the instructors ought to take up and try to solve during the

coming year.- Geo. P. Brown. Miss Katherine M. Ball, San Francisco; Harr Wagner, San

It is evident that George P. Brown has never attended an Francisco, and others. For evening lectures in addition to the

institute in the Pacific Coast States. He would find at least one above, Joaquin Miller has promised to attend a few institutes and give his new lecture, “Life by the Northern Lights.” Supt. of in four attentive here. The institute is a problem. It has its Public Instruction Samuel T. Black, will also follow his well place in educational progress, but there is a grave doubt whether established custom of doing all in his power to aid the superin- How to make the institute interesting and instructive ?

many superintendents have secured the answer to the question, tendents during institute week. *

Patriotism is bearing us along on its flood and not all of us are careHon. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, is noted for ful to ask whither. Amid all the patriotic verses of the hour we his catholicity of view. In the following brief extract he has may turn to the words of a patriot as true as any, tho he lived on touched the high water mark:

the other side of the water, and apply them where we choose. It "The new burden of preparing our united people for the re

was on Nelson's death off the coast of Spain that Wordsworth sponsibilities of a closer union with Europe and for a share in the wrote his famous lines beginning dominion over the islands and continents of the Orient, this new

“Who is the Happy Warrior ? Who is He burden will fall on the school systems in the several States and

That every man in arms should wish to be?” more particularly on the colleges and universities that furnish the lines which describe his ideal soldier, in the strongest possible higher education. For it is higher education that must furnish the studies in history and in the psychology of peoples which will

contrast to the character of Napoleon. Wordsworth's hero is one prepare our Ministers and Embassadors abroad with their numer who knows how to win the grace of life from a situation of pecuous retinue of experts and specialists thoroly versed in the habits liar temptations, -a man whose nature is attuned to gentleness,and traditions of the several nations. The knowledge required by true to the ideals of his youth in all his daily deeds, and abiding our members of Congress and our executive departments will in that purity of spirit, —but a man who at the call of a great make a demand upon higher education for post-graduate students who have concentrated their investigations upon points in inter- crisis in his country's affairs is "happy as a lover” to accept the national law and the philosophy of history. Diplomacy will post of danger and trust. We need not look far for our example. become a great branch of learning for us.

Captain Philip of the Texas has supplied us with material for "This has been felt for some time, altho it has not been con

many a lesson on patriotism this Fall, which should put the firesciously realized. In the past twenty-five years the enrollment in higher education, in college work alone, has increased from 590

eaters among us to shame. The silencing of those thoughtless to 1,215 in the million; it has more than doubled in each million boys, cheering as the magazines of the Oquendo exploded, and his of people. The post-graduate work of training experts or words on the quarter-deck in the hour of victory: "I want to specialists has been multiplied by twenty-five; for it has increased make public acknowledgment here that I believe in God, the from a total of 200 to a total of 5000 in the nation. The educa- Father Almighty. I want all you officers and men to lift your tion of the elementary school fits the citizen for most of his routine hats, and from your hearts offer silent thanks to the Almighty" work in agriculture, manufactures, commerce, and mining. the deeper problems of uniting our nation with the other great

are characteristic of that heart-culture which alone saves patriotism nations, and harmonizing our unit of force with that greater unit, from the taint of brutality and rant. They should be told in must be solved by higher education, for it alone can make the every school house to-day in order that we may not forget them wide combinations that are necessary. Shallow elementary studies

to-morrow. This is one of the men give us the explanation of that which lies near us. They help us to understand our immediate environment, but for the under

" Who, whether praise of him must walk the earth standing of deep national differences and for the management of

Forever, and to noble deeds give birth, all that is alien to our part of the world, deeper studies are

Or he must fall to sleep without his fame, required. The student must penetrate the underlying fundamental

And leave a dead unprofitable nameprinciples of the world's history in order to see how such different

Finds comfort in himself and in his cause;fruits have grown on the same tree of humanity.

And while the mortal mist is gathering, draws “We must look to our universities and colleges for the people

His breath in confidence of Heaven's applause: who have learned to understand the fashions and daily customs of

This is the Happy Warrior; this is He a foreign people and who have learned to connect the surface of

Whom every man in arms should wish to be." their every-day life with the deep national principles and aspirations which mold and govern their individual and social action. The year 47 B. C. was the longest year on record. By order Hence the significance of this epoch in which you are assembled of Julius Cæsar it contained 445 days. The additional days were to discuss the principles of education and its methods of practice. put in to make the seasons conform as near as possible with the There have been great emergencies, and great careers have opened solar year.

MORE HISTORY.

adopted, officers elected, and laws passed before California was
admitted into the Union. The first legis-
lature met at San Jose. It passed many

Reference Topics.
OUR navy has achieved
another victory almost

laws and gave the names to the counties of Convention at Monequal to the victory of the State. Fremont and Gwin were elected

terey Admira 1 Dewey, at United States Senators. They went to the first U. S. Sena

tors. Manila. The Spanish Washington and asked that California be admitted to the Union. The President sent Seward's Speech.

Webster's Speech. fleet under Admiral Cervera, which had a special message to Congress about Cali- Calhoun.

September 9, 1850, been "bottled up” in fornia.

Why the Admission the Santiago de Cuba The giants of the Senate-Clay, Calhoun,

was opposed. harbor, attempted, Webster, Seward, and Jefferson Davison the morning of men whom you will read about in the history of your country, the third of July, to were interested in California. Calhoun and Davis did not want escape from the un California admitted because of the slavery question. fortunate predica Almost the last speech Calhoun made was against California. ment in which it He thought it would bring trouble between the North and the found it self. They South. He tried to talk again, but was too weak, and another indulged a faint hope Senator read his speech. It was a great speech in all the arts that that some of the ships, the go to make up a fine oration. finest in the Spanish navy, Daniel Webster said: "I believe in the Spartan maxim—'im

might escape by fighting their prove, adorn what you have; seek no further.' I do not fear way thru the blockade.

slavery in California, because the soil, climate, and everything It was a brave but foolish attempt, and it is said was made connected with the region is opposed to slave labor. There has under imperative orders from Madrid. Had the attempt been been talk of secession, peaceable secession. You might as well made at night some of the fleet might have escaped, but in sink talk of a planet withdrawing from the solar system without a coning the Merrimac Constructor Hobson "builded better than he vulsion, as to talk about peaceable secession. knew.” It was so placed that an ironclad could pass it by day. "The Union, which has been so hard to form, has linked light, but at night they dared not make the trial.

together the destinies of all parts of the country, and has made a In the early morning the fleet in single file, led by Cervera's great nation, because it is a united nation, with a common name, flag ship, steamed rapidly out of the bay, and as they came in and a common flag, and a common patriotism. It has conferred range, opened fire on our ships. Our squadron immediately as upon the South no less than upon the North great blessings. sembled to head off the would-be fugitives, and so accurately and "There may be violence; there may be revolution; the great vigorously did they return the fire that in a short time the whole dead may be disturbed in their graves. Spanish fleet was either destroyed or compelled to surrender.

"All this is possible, but not peaceable secession. The Union The Spanish squadron consisted of the Infanta Maria Theresa is one; it is a complete whole. It is bounded, like the buckler of the Viscaya, the Oquendo, the Christobal Colon, and the torpedo Achilles, on either side by the ocean." boats Furor and Pluton. This was the fleet that it was feared William H. Seward, another name that you will hear more would attempt to attack some of our Sea Coast cities.

about in history, said: “California ought to be admitted at once; The most remarkable thing about this engagement is that California comes from that clime where the West dies away into the notwithstanding the heavy fire from the Spanish vessels, and from rising East; California, which bounds the empire and the contithe forts while in range, the loss on the American side was but nent; California, the youthful queen of the Pacific, in robes of one man killed and two or three slightly wounded. . The Spanish freedom inlaid with gold, is doubly welcome! loss, besides those taken prisoners, was very heavy.

"The stars and stripes should wave over its ports, or it will Admiral Sampson had steamed away in the early morning to raise aloft a banner for itself. It would be no mean ambition if it have an interview with General Shafter, commanding the land became necessary for its own protection to found an indepenient forces, and could not return until the victory was well nigh won. nation on the Pacific. Commodore Schley, who was first officer of the Maine when she "It is farther away than the old colonies from England; it is was so treacherously blown up, had the pleasure of commanding out of the reach of railroads; the prairies, the mountains, and the our squadron. It need hardly be said that he "Remembered the desert, an isthmus ruled by foreign powers, and a cape of storms Maine,” and he is less or more than human if he did not rejoice are between it and the armies of the Union.” at this opportunity of avenging the deed of shame.

The delegates from California prepared a new address in

which they related in detail the claims of California to be admitted CALIFORNIA'S ADMISSION DAY into the Union.

It seems strange now, when there is no longer any division SEPTEMBER 9, 1898.

between North and South, that Congress should hesitate to re

ceive as part of the Union the Golden Land of the West. [The following should be read to the pupils. It will interest them The bill making California a State passed the Senate, August at this time.-ED.]

13, 1850. There were thirty-four Senators who voted for it, and Our Golden State.

eight against it. On September 7th, the bill was up for passage

in the House. There were several attempts to defeat it, but it O'er all thy hills in spring-time

was passed by one hundred and fifty-four ayes against fifty-six The golden poppies blow, As if to tell what ricbes

noes. Lie hidden where they grow.

The President, Millard Fillmore, signed the bill September 9, And when the warmth of summer

1850. California was the thirtySpreads over hill and plain,

first State--the thirty-first It brings a golden harvest,

star in the flag, in order A wealth of waving grain.

of date,-but the peer in Thru all the year the sunlight

many respects of many
In golden glory lies,

States in the Union.
And to thee, Land of Summer,
It lends a golden guise.

It has contributed

more than its share to
No wonder that they call thee

the material and intel-
The Union's Golden State-
Gold on thy breast thou wearest

lectual wealth of the
Anå sunbeams on thee wait.

world. Its treasures - Mary Goddard Cogswell. of gold, of soil, of cli

mate; the patriotism How California Came Into the Union. of its citizens; the ex

cellence of its schools, The war with Mexico resulted in the United States securing churches, and libraries; the territory of California, and other lands, just as the present war its spirit of progress, will result in the expansion of the United States. The people of its color and art atmosCalifornia soon after the war wanted to form a State. A conven- phere, make California tion met at Monterey, September 1, 1849. A constitution was

the ideal Golden State.

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[graphic]

MORAL PATRIOTISM.

Lullaby.

Noble Sentiments Expressed by Senator Hoar

Sleep my dolly, my dearie

Sleep and dream, and dream, and dream, of Massachusetts.

Till the sun sends in his very first gleam.

Sleep my dolly, my dozy, The rebuke which Senator Hoar 'administered to Professor Charles

I've tucked you in so cozy, Eliot Norton of Harvard, for the latter's Toryism, was one of the severest of verbal castigations. It has not only silenced the professor, but has at.

And kissed you, and whispered a soft good-night, tracted almost national atteotion. It was in tbe course of an address in

Then slumber and rest in your cradle white.

H. Worcester, and after he had gloried in the present achievements of Ameri. can arma, in the reunion of the North and South, and in the renewed

An Old-Time Favorite. respect and love shown this country by England as the result of the war, the venerable Senator thus pitched into his college classmate: "The trouble with Profegaor Norton, who thinks his countrymen are

Oh, a wonderful stream is the River of Time, lacking in a sense of honor is that there are two things he cannot in the

As it flows thru the Realm of Tears, least comprehend. He cannot comprehend his countrymen and be can

With a faultless rhythm and a musical rhyme, not comprehend honor. In a true philosophy the sense of honor and the

And a broadening sweep and a surge sublime sense of duty are one. Wordsworth says that 'honor is but the finest

Ere it blends with the Ocean of Years. sense of justice.' There never was a people on earth who, as to the great subjects of public conduct, were actuated by a finer, by a profounder sense

How the winters are drifting, like flakes of snow, of duty and a cleaver sense of justice than the people of the United States

And the summers like buds between! in this generation and at this hour.

And the years in the sheaf, how they come and they go !

On the river's breast, with its ebb and its flow,
England and America.

As they glide in the shadow and shoon! "Poor Professor Norton, color-blind and music-deaf. At_this day,

There's a magical isle up the River of Time, when the North and South are coming together; when Mother England is

Where the softest of airs are playing; learning to know her daughter and to love her again he says that it is

There's a cloudless sky and a tropical clime, characteristic of the American people to be trifling, and that he foels, with

And a song as sweet as a vesper clime Horace Walpole, tbat he should be proud of his country were it not for his

And the Junes with the roses are straying. countrymen. Heaven knows that I do not say this from any desire to in flict pain. But it is due to the youth of the country; it is due to Harvard

The name of that isle is The Long Ago; that somebody shall say this. If such utterances are to go unreproved

And we bury our treasures there; from our foremost university, manhood and courage and honor will follow

There are brows of beauty and bosoms of snow athletics to Yale, or will follow classical learning to the Englieh Cam.

There are heaps of dust-oh, wo loved thom so ! bridge. There can be no worse lesson. It is a legkon which never will be

There are trinkets and trossos of hair. taught in Clark University to tell the youth of the country that their coun. try is base. The feeling of dislike and contempt for us in England which

There's a fragment of song that nobody sings, the utterance of Professor Norton and men like him have done so much to

And part of an infant's prayer. foster, is giving way to better knowledge. I do not believe it can be re

There's a luto unswept and a harp without strings, vived again by such utterances as these.

There are broken vows and pieces of rings, "The best instruction which the youth of a country like ours can have

And garments our loved used to wear. is its own history, and the best result of that instruction is a good hope. If any man attempt to tarnish or destroy either, if it be due to ignorance,

There are hands that we w&ved, as the fairy shore it is pitable; if it be due to arrogance or conceit, it is criminal.

By the mirage is lifted in air If these utterances came from an entbusiasm for a loftier idea, from

And sometimes we hear, thru the turbulent roar a desire to raise the country to a nobler or loftier plane we might forgive

Sweet voices we heard in the days gone before, them, but the men who utter them have neither enthusiasm nor ideals.

When the wind down the river is fair. It is the doctrine of arrogance, of contempt, of pessimism, of bitterness, of

Oh, remembered for aye be that beautiful isle, despair.

All thọ day of our life until night;
Honor is Found Everywhere.

And when Evening comes, with her beautiful smile

And we're closing our oyes to slumbor awhile, "Honor, like all the great sentiments, is incapable of exact description

May that Greenwood of Soul be in sight! or portraiture. But the American people know what she is well enough.

- Benjamin Franklin Taylor. She has dwelt among them from the beginning. She does not disdain to be the solace of the poor man or the companion of the bumble. She is found in the plain dwelling of the farmer. She sits by the citizen on the The Mammoth Rock District School near Cambria, San Luis wooden bench of the town house and by the nurse at the dying bed in the Obispo Co., has reopened. C. C. Potter has been elected clerk and hospital. Tbey know least of her who chatter and prate about her in the

Mies Anita Hayes, teacher. safety of college lecture rooms. But our boys know all about her. She comforted Grout as he sank beneath the waves in the Potomac at Ball's Dr. C. M. Fisher, a noted physician and for many years a teacher Bluff. The touch of her soft band was on the forehead of Spurr when, as

in Alameda County, died of typhoid fever, recently. He was a nephew his last act of authority, the dying bero ordered back to the ranks the men who would have borne him to a place of safety, and so, instead of one,

of Philip M. Fisher, and a young man who was loved and respected by gave three soldiers to his country. She, invisible but with a most intense all who knew him. and real spiritual presence, stood on the deck of the Merrimac with Hobson and his brave boys. It is she who in God's time shall whisper comfort to

Mountain Park Resort above the sea in the mountains, near Camthe sorrowing hearts of the father and mother of Benchly, who died in the bria, San Luis Obispo Co., has been popular with teachers and others trenches at Santiago.

this season. The fine mountain air, the natural parks, canyons, sul"'I suppose that in the last analysis the sense of honor is nothing but phur springs and opportunities for walks, horseback rides etc., make it the sense of duty, governing the man without other constraint than bis own free choice and leading him to self-sacrifice. In the bosom where it an ideal place. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lehman know how to make a vabears sway noblesse-noblesse oblige. But for its highest manifestation cation pleasant at their beautiful home. Among those present this there must be to use Jeremiah Taylor's pbrase, 'a will apt for noble year were Miss Sue Morrison, Miss Alice R. Power, Mrs. Williams of choices,' and a heart capable of a mighty love. "If we continue to act on the motive which inspired this war in the

San Francisco and Miss Mabel Perley of Modesto. It is an ideal place beginning we shall hold a place in the solid respect of mankind such as no

for teachers. nation ever beld before. We bave but one task remaining to us. We have to do once more what Israel Putnam did in the old time-pull the wolf out

Dr. Winship, editor of New England Journal of Education writes as of his den. The navy bas done its work. A Spanish commander when

follows of Superintendent S. T. Black: the explosion destroyed the Maine, said it was due to the notoriously One of the best features of the modern power in education is the slack discipline on American ships. I wonder if he thinks so now?" way in which it develops men who have large responsibility. There

The Senator paid an eloquent tribute to Hobson and his men and to are many superintendents whose official opportunities have developed Clara Barton, and continued :

large resources. One of the best illustrations of this tendency, which "I thank God that day by day my country is growing better, that my samples that of many, is seen in Hon. Samuel T. Black, who was eight eyes in my old age look out on a fairer land, that my ears as they grow years ago a high school principal in a comparatively small town in deaf will hear the tones of brave voices."

California; he became county superintendent, and four years ago was elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction. In these four years

he has shown himself a man of broad gauge, intense activity, and "Near to Nature's Heart.”

genuine professional heroism, and he ranks among the foremost state Marion had just been called indoors to help her sister perform some officials of the country: As vice-president of the National Educational light task when, hearing some remark about beautiful houses, she forth Association, and especially as a member of the Committee of Twelve, with exclaimed, "I think 'outside' is the most booful house in all the

expert educators chosen from all over the country to grapple with the

rural school problem, he has shown himself one of the most intelligent world."

and courageous men of the country.

Progress in Text-book Making.

IN
N THE making of text-books, in all
probability, the most marked advance

ALL OF EUROPE
has been in those upon the subject of
Geography; and among those, not

U.S.
Wo another in the last dozen years has been cumparative wealth of the United States and Europe.
UNITED STATES - REST OF WORLD so fortunate from the stand-point of

pedagogy, typography, subject-matter, phy, are to the careful student, commendatory of the book which The world's cotton crop.

and arrangement as has been and is the is simply full of such choice material as to cause even the experiNatural Series, published by the Ameri- enced teacher, who has been familiar with almost every book from can Book Company.

"Mitchell's Elementary" up to date, to wish himself a boy again
that he might experience the delight incident to the study of this

book, or series.
E elelelele
ele

The cotton crop which, in its area of
U. S + REST OF WORLD+

cultivation is confined to a small section The world's commerce.

of the United States is thus shown to be The illustrations from title-page to cover (and wherever possi

four times the amount produced by all
of the other countries of the world.

U.S - REST OF WORLD ble photographed from actual scenes) are most clear-cut, attractive, and instructive. The accompanying, found in the Advanced Geogra

In like manner, one-fourth of the com- The woria's output or goud

and silver.

About 500 years b fore Christ.

About the time of Christ.

About the year 500.

About the vear 1000.

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merce of the world is shown to belong to the United States.

have two-fifths as much as all of them. How terse and how forcible is the above illustration show

One-fourth of the world's output of ing the evolving knowledge of the world's surface from about five

gold and silver is found to come from hundred years before Christ to the present time.

the United States, as shown by this illusNotwithstanding the density of the population of the coun

U.S. REST OF WORLD tration. tries of Europe, by the following illustrations, the United States The world's wheat crop. The wheat crop of the United States is seen to have one-fifth as much as all of them together.

is found to equal that produced by all And with all of their wealth, the United States is found to of the other countries of the world, the area devoted to its culture,

being confined to a little over one-fourth of our country, as shown by a map accompanying the illustration similar to other maps used in the same work.

While "the fisheries of the world are

of less value than other industries,” U.S. ALL OF EUROPE

one-fifth of the amount caught belongs U.S. - REST OF WORLD Comparative population of the United States and Europe. to the United States.

Fisheries of the world.

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Friday Evening Chip Basket.

III.

BY ALEX. B. COFFEY.

to her only as she looked with curious eyes from plate-glass window of her costly carriage. She had been taught by example and injunc. tion to avoid coarse mannered men-men who know not how to appear in full.dress suit and silken-tile in drawing room or theatre. Yet, now she is brought rudely face to face with one who in miniature, impersonates the very thing or things which she has been taught to shun. There, within arm's reach, he sits and stares and scowle and frowns. So near that he could reach forth his hand and touch her sleeve; and it may be, would but that he fears correction.

What will she do? What can she doy What must she do? As humanity ever does, reverting to lessons of the past whether of precept or otherwise, she acts upon the impulse, resents the presence, and rebukes the mein of one who even by accident is brought within her sphere. Again, I say she could just then have done nothing else.

THE rest is over; and the short vacation has, unbidden, rounded to a close. Out in orchard, field, or meadow, working for a wage, or at home doing the bidding of authority, or off among the hills and mountains, breathing, for a short space, heaven's own unsullied air, bave children gone as necessity or wbim might suggest or opportunity permit. And teacher, too, if not forestalled by too slender income, has found new life and recreation mid other scenes than those which enslave attention, thought, and mind so long as duty holds her at her post. Those who went away to find surcease from toil have returned with stronger body, mind, zeal, and hope to renew with vigor the trust from which they turned aside the other day; while some, confined at home by business cares, kindred ties, or lack of funds, must supply the want of rest by another draft upon an already lessening store of energy. But, driven by an exacting voice which kaows no difierence between the wearied and the rested soul, each must approach the class and desk in competiton with his fellows. May Heaven strengthen them whose hold upon the plow may not be released even to insure increased diligence; and be praised for that respite wbich sends others back rein. vigorated for their toil! In charity, I grudge the one, and give my hand in sympathy unio the other.

-at once ignoring and condemning, seeing and yet pretending not to see the "thing” she would not notice. The boy with head erect, flashing eye, and gritted teeth shoota mental flames at one who will not deign to return tbe fire. Just now the recitation's called, and they, the girl and boy, by common impulse led, seek extremities of the class. Here, at least for a time, is each in part relieved of the presence of the other; more, however, by digtracting thoughts than distance and intervening classmates.

What caused the friction, unexpressed, between the children? While puzzling his brain for one small initial thought as key to unlock his lesson, the boy heard the rustle of a dress; and turning, noticed for the first (?) no, the dozenth time, bis silk-clad neighbor. He could but note the dress, the French-kid shoes the jewels which she wore; and silently, he wished his mother could dress as well; and then he noticed the rosy cheeks, the clear blue eye, the silken hair, and was wishing that he were just as happy as she seemed to be, when she turned and caught his gaze, and at once resented his impudence (?) after the manner of her inheritance, and the education of example. What right bad he with his patched and repatched raiment, his sockless shoes, his freckled face, and his faded hair to stare at her in manner such as that? She would teach him a lesson. She did. Into that one look and act she poured her soul of disdain and scorn. The arrow hit its mark; and the hot life-blood leaped a.flame into that boyish face. What more? From that instant, each knew the other as his natural foe.

BUT out yonder by the country road, the cracked bell rattles once again in unison with the deeped-toned monster in the city tower. As intonations die away in distance and echoes blend in one, teacher, youth, and child, find their way to the public school; and I, true to the habit of other years, and for a present purpose, mingle with the throng who neither bar my entrance nor refuse the fellowship I crave. Once more a few vibrations of the bell and we pass into the school, they, teacher and student to apply themselves, and I to study those who teach and study. Thus do I occupy my mind, not with these alone. but with tbese and others, already known, until the week slips by and ends itself in Friday eve. And 80, 'tis Friday now, and evening. The gas is ligbted in my room(study some have called it); and now let me recall and review the doings of the week. And first the school.

THE home of want, distress, and 'suffering. The cheerless room neath the sky-light of the tinder-box; and the mildewed and creaky stairs wbich lead thereto. The pale-faced sufferer in the corner there—the sufferer whose prayers and tears have driven her boy reluctantly to school. This is the other home.

Add in home like this, the kindly heart and the nobler impulse which sometimes actuate the millionaire are seen thru the contracting lens of envy:(that envy has double force if the wealth be an hours'accident or if the grudging one by the same means or other have lost in. heritance) while those qualities which all men hate escape not the eye which magnifies. Here the moss-grown roof lets in the rain but shuts out hope; tie patched and thread bare garb of charity warms not the form it covers; and the stale and hardened crust keeps yet a little life in the faint blood which courses its feeble way up to the cheek. The blended rays of health and hope and happiness find not their way into this home while he, who goes and comes across its threshold, selling penny matches at a phantom profit and protecting while he does the bidding of his sick mother, is stranger to the bright-faced child of affluence whose father's freezing word and domineering mien he hates with the intensity of his soul. But there she sits-she whom, when first he sees, he thinks so happy and so beautiful in her neat attire until in her haughty air and ele. vated nose he sees again her father's very self. Then, what? What does he think? What should he think? What must be think? Here again, must we find the dictum of ethics subject to the unwavering law of philosophy. Reverting as by instinct to unforgotten scenes-bis slum-bound life, his mother, by reverse of fortune thrust out from a home of plenty, to a lot of direst poverty and distress, his devotion and his many trials, and the cold and withering rebuffs which he has had to meet all come crowding in and his proud spirit asserts itself in the flashing eye and crimson cheek. Nor could he have done other than he did.

NATURAL? Yes, natural. Why? For tbis reason :-If in the mind of man, or beast, there is aught analogous to the law of "Cause and effect" in the material world, those children could not, just then, have done other than they did. It were as easy for the mountain brook or torrent, to change its unobstructed course as for the mind, undirected by a higher power, to divert itself from its accus. tomed trend. Strange doctrine this; but, I believe as true as strange. Suppose we return to the homes of those children. We were there, at least I was, the other day. As I saw them then, so do I now.

*

A FEW short words of pleasant greeting, of admonition, and of hope, and the work begins. However far from strange some faces are, there are two which I know full well-two which I have seen before, have learned to note with peculiar care and more, much more than com. mon interest. Who are they?

They are my friends, the little girl from Nob Hill and the little boy from Barbary Coast-the child of luxury and the child of want. There they sit with two feet of aisle between. An impassable aisle 'twixt the extremes of human life? Let's see. An hour slips by and I have something to remember. The little girl is sitting with head erect, ele. vated nose, and averted eye-strange paradox,

FIRST, let us look in upon that mansion on the hill,

"The pomp of power,

And all that wealth e'er gave,” and over a:l, the haughty matron, presiding genious of the home. Here this little girl whose neatness of dress and person was the special function of a "maid," who knew no other care, and whose exemplification of the latest in style and fashion was dependent upon the Parisian mantunaker of the "upper. ten," and for whom even the door was opened by a "funky' had passed her restricted life, free from contact with common folk whose plain attire and work-soiled hands were known

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