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Page 1. Thinking to take the city of Orleans. Orleans, anciently Cenabum or Genabum, one of the principal cities of the Carnules, is not far distant from Chartres and Dreux, the principal seat of the Druids, or philosophic priests of the Gauls. This city derives its origiu from the most remote antiquity in the annals of the civilization of the Gauls or Celts, and under the sons of Clovis was the metropolis of a kingdom. It is surrounded by plains abundantly productive of wine, grains and fruits, watered by the Loire and various other streams, and from this current the department derives its name of Loiret, of which Orleans is the capital, containing a population of upwards of 40,000 souls. The cathedral is a very fine gothic structure, and there are still traces of the ramparts and towers which anciently protected the city from assailants.

Page 1. Near one of the suburbs called Portereau. Portereau is a diminutive of the word Port, for in the ancient Latin records of Orleans, it is called Porticellus, a small gate or postern. It was near the suburbs of this

portal that the English encamped at the opening of the siege of the city. According to Lemaire, Louis XI. in the ensuing reign, intended to enclose these outskirts with a wall; but he was deterred, on account of the frequent inundations of the river Loire to which it is exposed.

Page 2. Nor construct any fortification against the city.

“ As soon as the inhabitants of Orleans had a knowledge of the intended siege, they began to raise soldiers on every side, causing quantities of arms, corn, and other provisions to be sent from all the surrounding towns and villages, to cleanse the moats, repair the boulevards and the walls of their city, to station good body-guards, and in brief, to make an ample provision of every thing necessary for maintaining an obstinate siege.”—Dubreton, pp. 13, 14.

Page 2.

Stones that weighed one hundred and sixteen


“The earl of Salisbury suddenly commenced his work in earnest, and having, with diligent captains, raised batteries on the highest and most commodious places, began to batter the city in ruins. The violence of these engines was so great, that not only the walls, but the houses, were thrown down as by a rude and furious tempest."

“ Those of Orleans had caused a fort to be erected beyond the Loire for the defence of the fortress which joins the bridge of the city; and

which is commonly called Les Tournelles." --Dubreton,

pp. 15, 16.

Page 2. Living near the Postern Chesneau. The designation of this Postern has varied according to different authors. Aldrevaldus, who flourished at the period of Louis the Fat, calls it the Postern of Saint Benedict, after the church dedicated to that saint which stands in the vicinity: Posterula, quæ usque hodie Sancti Benedicti dicitur; while in a diploma of the period of Philip I. anno 1080, it is named Postica aglerii : what the word aglerii means is, however, at present wholly unknown; and lastly in our Diary the words Postern Chesneau are for the first time adopted to designate this gate.

Page 3. Placed in front of the Tournelles.

This fort stood at the extremity of the old bridge, but was separated from the left bank of the river by a ravelin surrounded with water, over which was a small bridge. See Polluche, note 117, p. 147, and Expilly, 351. Villaret designates these forts and boulevart by the name of Tourelles, but the editor has preferred using the term Tournelles, which is adopted by ancient writers.

Opposite the Tournelles was the isle of the two Mottes, that divided the old bridge in two, which stood nearer the city than the suburb. That part of the island, situated east of the bridge, was called La Motte Saint Antoine, on which stood a chapel so called, while that to the west bore the name of La Motte des Poissonniers. In the

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