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former was the almonry for strangers, otherwise called the hospital of Saint Anthony; an edifice appropriated, from remotest antiquity, for the reception of needy travellers. By an account of hospitals taken in 1625, it appeared that these Mottes had been anciently given up to the inhabitants of Orleans under the proviso, that they should cause to be erected one or two chambers, “ To yield a shelter to poor pilgrims and other travellers, and afford them a resting place, and a covering for the night only.” We also learn from an account bearing date from 1383 to 1386,' that a female had then the superintendence of this charity. “To Marguerite la Chaumette, mistress of the Hotel Dieu upon the said bridge, for the guardianship of the said Hotel Dieu, for which she has a C sols a year, CIC sols.” The hospital being ruined during the siege, was rebuilt by order of Louis XII. in 1501. This small island was destroyed on the erection of the modern bridge.
Page 3. The Lord of Sainctes Trailles.
Jean Poton de Saintrailles, grand seneschal of Limousin, born of a noble family of Gascony, greatly signalized himself by his services under the respective reigys of Charles VI. and VII. He made the famous lord Tal. bot, earl of Shrewsbury, prisoner at the battle of Patay, in 1429; as also the earl of Arundel at the conflict of Gerberoy, in 1435: he equally pursued with the most heroic ardour all the expeditions which conduced to liberate the provinces of Normandy and Guienne from the shackles of the English, and was presented with the
staff of marshal of France in 1454; of which he was, however, deprived in 1461, by Louis XI. the implacable enemy of the best and the most valiant supporters of his father Charles VII. Two months subsequent to this unjust treatment on the part of his sovereign, Poton de Saintrailles died at the castle of Trompette, of which he was the governor; his courage, in conformity with his chivalric character, was at once frank, noble, and decided.
Page 4. The Tournelles from the end of the bridge.
The ancient bridge at Orleans consisted of nineteen arches, and was divided in two about the centre by the island of the Mottes before described. This structure was nearly eleven hundred feet long, on which formerly stood the famous bronze monument erected in honour of the Pucelle, melted at the period of the Revolution, as well as a beautiful Cross of the same metal. During the troubles that occurred on the subject of religion, the Reformers destroyed the crucifix so frequently mentioned in the Diary, and which had been erected in 1407, while the more recent one had been placed there in 1578.
At the end of this bridge, on the left bank of the river, was a gate flanked with two towers, which were called the Tourelles or Tournelles, and fortified with a ravelin environed by water, over which was bridge communicating with this portal, called Le Pont Jacquin. It was customary every year to place a bird upon these Tourelles, at which a company, regularly installed, used to shoot with their arquebuses at the festival
of Pentecost, and which, at a more remote period, used to be placed on the tower of the church of Saint Aignan.
Page 5. The most renowned and dreaded of all the English.
As the accounts of the death of this nobleman vary, the following extracts from French and English chroniclers
devoid of interest. “ Tantost apres
& durant le dit siege, le conte de Salbery estoit en la tour et bastille de dessus le bout du pont dudit Orleans, lesquelles avoient gaignees lesd Anglois sur les François, et regardoit ledit conte par une fenestre vers la dicte ville, et disoit on qu'ung de ses capitaine nomme Glassidal lui disoit telles parolles ou semblables : “ Monseigneur, regardez vostre ville vous la voyez dicy vient a plai." Et soubdainement vit une pierre de canon de la dicte ville ferir contre ung des costez de ladicte fenestre, tellement que ladicte fenestre ferirent ledit comte parmy le visage en telle maniere que trois ou quatre jours apres il alla de vie a trespas. Et touteffois oncques homme de ladicte ville ne peut scavoir qui avoit boute le feu ne tire icellui canon & nen scavoit on riens en ladicte ville.”—Croniques de France dicte de Saint Denys, Imprime a Paris, par Anthoine Verard, 1493. Vol. III. p. 143.
Shortly after, and during the said siege, the earl of Salisbury was in the tower and bastille above the end of the bridge of the said Orleans, the which had the said English gained of the French, and the said earl looked through one of the windows towards the said city; and as it was said, one of his captains, named
Glassdal, (Glasdale) spake these or the like words to him : " My lord, look at your city, you see it well and at ease from here;" and suddenly came a stone from a cannon of the said city, which struck against one of the sides of the said window, in such wise, that the said window assailed the said earl upon the face in such a manner, that three or four days afterwards he passed from life unto death. And no man of the said city could learn who had set fire to nor discharged the said cannon, and nothing was known in the said city.”
“ In the tower that was taken at the bridge ende, as you
before have heard, there was a high chamber, havyng a grate full of barres of yron, by the which a man might loke all the length of the bridge into the city; at which grate, many of the chiefe capteynes stoode dyverse times, viewyng the citie, and devisyng in what place it was best assautable. They within the citie perceyved well this totyng hole, and layde a piece of ordinaunce directly agaynst the windowe. It so chaunced that the lix day after the siege layd before the citie, the erle of Salisbury, Sir Thomas Gargrave, and William Glasdale, and diverse other, went into the sayde tower, and so into the high chamber, and looked out at the grate; and within a short space, the sonne of the maister goonner, perceyvyng men looke out at the chamber windowe, tooke his matche, as his father had taught him, which was gone downe to dinner, and fired the goon, which brake and shevered the yron barres of the grate, whereof one strake the erle so strongly on the hed, that it stroke away one of his eyes and the side of his cheeke; Sir Thomas Gar
grave was likewise stricken, so that he died within two dayes." —Grafton, p. 531.
“ But sorowe it is to tell and doolfull to wryte, whyle one day the sayd good erle, Sir Thomas Montagu, rested hym at a bay wyndow, and beheld the compasse of the citie, and talked with his familiers, a gonne was leveyled out of the citie from a place unknowen, whiche brake the tymbre or stone of the wyndowe with such vyolence, that the peces therof all to quashed the face of the noble erle, in suche wyse that he dyed wythin thre dayes folowyng. Upon whose soule all christen Jesu have mercy. Amen.
“ Thus after dyvers wryters was initium malorum, for after this myshape the Englyshmenloste rather then wanne, so that by lytell & lytell they loste all their possession in Fraunce. And albeit that somewhat they gate after, yet for one that they wane thei loste thre, as after shall appeare." - Fabian's Chronicle, fol. 376.
“ It so chanced, that the 59th day after the siege was layd, the erle of Salisburie, Sir Thomas Gargrave, and William Glasdale, with divers other, went into the said tower and so unto the high chamber, and looked out at the grate, and within a short space, the sonne of the master gunner perceiving men looking out at the window, tooke his match, as his father had taught him, who was gone downe to dinner, and fired the gunne, the shot whereof brake and sheevered the iron barres of the grate, so that one of the same barres strake the earle so violently on the head, that it stroke away one of his eyes, and the syde of hys cheeke.