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periods of watchfulness and of sleep, giving only that time to repose which he could spare from the necessity of acting. He was uniformly at the head of the foot or the horse, always foremost in entering the battle, and the last to retire. Even his enemies admired his transcendent virtues, openly avowing that he was endowed with all the requisites appertaining to a great captain.

And although he was mortally hated by their chiefs, whom he had roughly handled in all the combats wherein he had been engaged, and desirous as they were to possess this city, they in consequence were jealous of his fame: nevertheless the earls of Suffolk, and the lords Talbot and Scales, one day sent him by an herald a basket full of figs, grapes, and dates, begging him to remit them from the city some skins wherewith to line their robes. This messenger, having been welcomed most humanely, was sent back to the camp with the skins required, together with other presents, being a very rare and signal example of the liberality of this captain.”—Dubreton, pp. 117, &c.

And the current was so strong and so rapid that it was

difficult to believe, &c. The sources of the river Loire take their rise in Upper Vivarais in Languedoc, and at the base of Mount Gerbierle-joux, and after running through an extent of country the river becomes navigable at the small town of Saint Rambert, above Roanne ; it then waters the Bourbonnois, which it separates from Burgundy, and after entering the province of Orleans, continues its current through Blaisois, Touraine, Anjou, and a portion of Brittany, and at length empties itself into the ocean, after a course

extending more than an hundred and fifty leagues, at twelve leagues below Nantes.

The overflowings of this river are recorded by the devastations they have occasioned at different periods; and in particular, the country situated between the Loire and the Loiret, appear to have been visited by the most extraordinary floods. There is still to be seen in the parish of Saint-Nicolas Saint Mesmin, a stone on the gable end of the church, behind the door, upon which appears this inscription :

L'an mil cing cent soixante-sept,
Du mois de Mai le dix-sept,
En cette place et endroit,

Se trouvera Loire et Loiret. These inundations are occasioned by the thawing of the snows of the mountains of Forez and Auvergnac; from very remote periods every means has been adopted to prevent, or at least, render those overflowings less frequent, since we find that so early as the reign of Charlemagne, banks were constructed to retain the Loire within her boundaries, and the successors of that prince have uniformly kept those works in repair. Except in times of inundation and high tides, the Loire pursues a very tranquil course.

Page 39. Of which five was the lord de Grey, nephew of

the defunct earl of Salisbury, &c.

The Editor has not been able to ascertain who was the personage designated in the above lines.

Page 40. And drove the French until very near the boule

vard of Banier Gate, &c. Banier Gate is at the northern extremity of Orleans, communicating with the square of the citadel. This portal, like the others, had two towers, which are no longer standing, having been demolished in 1754.

Wherefore the tocsin was sounded from the belfry, &c.

Before the tower was raised on which is now placed the large city clock, the tower of Saint Pierre Empont served as the belfry. From thence the couvre-feu (the curfew), public rejoicings, alarms, &c. were sounded, as we find by an order of the parliament of Paris, bearing date the tenth of April 1323.

From thence also, during the night, was rung the setting, continuance, and breaking up of the watches; the bell used upon those occasions being named La Trompille de la Guette, otherwise Chasse-ribault.

Page 41. A ball which killed a lord of England, for whom

the English performed great mourning. The name of the nobleman here alluded to, as being killed, does not appear in any of the chronicles.

Page 42. The following day, which was Wednesday, and

no Frenchman being there found, was an hole nearly pierced through the wall of the almonry, &c.

When detailing this occurrence, Dubreton, at page 130, states: “ The keeper of the almonry, fearful of being

suspected, would not await the fury of the people, but ran away as soon as he found the affair was known. Under the same apprehension, the soldiers, one after another, disappeared without procuring a pass, and secretly absconded from the city. In consequence of which, the Bastard of Orleans, to bold out an example for others, and prevent them, through fear of punishment, from committing a similar fault, having surprised two light horsemen, of the company of Villiers, who were proceeding without leave, caused them to be seized for deserters, and condemned as guilty of leze majesty.

Page 46. This same day the Pucelle being at Blois, &c.

Grafton, speaking of the Pucelle from the period of her interview with the king at Chinon to her arrival at Blois, thus expresses himself, at page 534:

“ There came to him, beyng at Chynon, a mayde of the age of xx yeres, and in mannes apparell, named Jone, borne in Burgoyne, in a towne called Droymy besyde Vancolour, which was a greate space a chamberlein in a common hostrey, and was a rampe of such boldnesse, that she would course horses, and ride them to water, and do thinges, that other yong maydens both abhorred and were ashamed to do: yet as some say, whether it were because of her foule face, that no man would desire it, either because she had made a vowe to live chaste, she kept her maydenhed, and preserved her virginitie. She (as a monster) was sent to the dolphyn, by Sir Robert Bandrencort capteyne of Vancolour, to whom she declared, that she was sent from God, both to ayde

the miserable citie of Orleaunce, and also to restore him to the possession of his realme, out of the which he was expulsed and overcommed: rehersyng to him visions, traunces, and fables, full of blasphemie, superstition, and hypocrisye, that I marveyle much that wise men dyd beleeve her, and learned clerkes would write such phantasyes, what should I reherse, howe they say, she knewe and called him her king, whome she never sawe before: that she had by revelation a sworde, to her appoynted in the church of Saint Katheryn of Fierboys in Torayne, where she never had bene; that she declared such privie messeges from God, our ladie, and other saints, to the dolphyn, that she made the teares ronne downe from his eyes ; so was he deluded, so was he blinded, and so was he deceved by the devilles meanes which suffered her to begin her race, and in conclusion rewarded her with a shamefull fal. But in the meane season, such credence was given to her, that she was honored as a saint of the religious, and beleved as one sent from God of the temporalitie, insomuch that she (armed at all poyntes) rode from Poyters to Bloys, and there founde men of warre, vitaile, and municions, readie to be conveyed to Orleaunce.”

Page 48. To the duke of Bedford, calling himself regent, &c. John, duke of Bedford, third son of Henry IV. and uncle of Henry VI., in 1422, had the command of the English forces in France, and the same year was nominated regent of that country by his nephew, Henry VI.

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