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No. 1. Observations. Having explained the plan pursued in the formation of this chart, we must add that the scale accompanying the same, if not strictly correct, will serve to elucidate every thing stated in the Diary of the Siege of Orleans, as well as the various other accounts of that event, which have been recorded by writers of the period.
No. 2. Bastilles.
The positions of several of these bulwarks could not be accurately determined. The name of that numbered 31 in the Chart, is placed at that point, because it is positively affirmed in the History of the Pucelle, pages 500 and 501 of Godfroy's Collections, &c. &c. that the English established bastilles on all the public roads.* The same incertitude exists in regard to another bastille, which must, however, have been Nos. 28 or 30 on the chart; there is also some reason for conjecture, that the bastille of the wooden cross was situated near to No. 26. In regard to that called Colombier, it is very probable that it stood at No. 27, because the English, by whom it was garrisoned, made frequent sallies, and gave battle to the
* According to Tripaut, from pp. 83 to 85, the English at first lodged in the environs of the Cross of Fleury (No. 45 in the Chart), and that several days after, the French advanced as far as that cross in order to protect some merchants journeying to Orleans, whose progress was resisted by the English; a convincing proof that the latter afterwards established themselves between that cross and Orleans.
Orleanese in the environs of Colombier Turpin, which, according to an observation of Miquellus of the ensuing century, (see Aurelia Obsidio, &c. p. 26. ed. 1560), occupied the spot which now forms the street Colombier.
The uncertainty attending the positions of these several fortresses is owing to the history already quoted not having designated them in their regular order. With respect to the other bastilles, there is very little doubt of their having occupied the stations assigned to them upon the chart.
No. 3. Designations.
At the explanation, No. 5, will be found the various edifices, forts, &c. delineated upon the Chart. Being compelled to form the plan upon a very circumscribed scale, we have been under the necessity of noting only those objects which were of utility in recording the history of the siege of Orleans.
No. 4. Churches burnt.
The following are the names of the religious edifices burnt by the Orleanese. Saint Aignan, No. 50 on the Chart. Saint Michael, No. 51. Saint Aux, or Saint Avit (now the seminary, see Polluche, 127), No. 54. The chapel of Martroy, No. 55. Saint Victor, in the suburb of Burgundy Gate, No. 52. Saint Michael, on the fosses, No. 56. The Cordeliers, afterwards the Recollets, No. 60. The Jacobins, No. 57. The Carmelites, No. 59. Saint Mathurin, No. 23. The Almonry of Saint Povaire, No.58.
Saint Lawrence, No. 25. Saint Loup, No. 32. Saint Mark, No. 42. Saint Euverte, No. 18. The chapel of Saint Aignan, No. 53. Saint Vincent of the Vines, No. 41. Saint Ladre or Saint Lazarus, No. 46. Saint Povaire or Saint Paterne, No, 24. The Magdalen, No. 27. Saint Gervais, afterwards Saint Phalier, No. 47. Vide Polluche, p. 19 and 153.
No. 5. Explanation of the Numbers on the Chart. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11, boundaries of Orleans at the period of the siege.
12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20; 8, 9, 10, 11, and 1, boundaries of the city at the present period.
1. Notre Dame de Recouvrance. 2. The Gate and Boulevard Renard. 3. The ancient Gate and Boulevard Banier. 4. Postern Saint Samson. 5. Paris Gate. 6. The Bishop's Palace. 7. Anciently Burgundy Gate. 8. The New Tower Postern. 9. The New Tower, 10. Postern Chesneau. 11. Anciently the Chatelet and Bridge Gate. 12. The City Garden, formerly Saint Lawrence Gate. 13. Gate and suburbs of Magdalen. 14. Gate and suburbs of Saint John. 15. Banier Gate, still standing. 16, Saint Vincent's Gate, also standing, 17, Saint Euverte Gate, since walled up.
18. Saint Euverte.
19. Burgundy Gate, now standing at the extremity of the ancient suburb; near to which is Notre Dame Duchemin, which was formerly the Chapel Saint Aignan. Vide Erpilly, 345; Polluche, 121.
20. Tower de la Brebis.
26 and 27. Bastilles of the wooden Cross and Colombier.
28 and 30. At one of these points there was a Bastille, name unknown.
29. The Bastille of Saint Povaire.
of Saint John le Blanc. 34.
of the Augustins. 35. Boulevard of the Tournelles. 36. The Tournelles, 37. Bastille of Saint Privé field. 38.
of Charlemaine island. 39. Boulevard of the beautiful Cross on the old bridge. 40. Mounds of the fishermen of Saint Anthony.t
* The English forming the garrison of Saint Povaire held their watch near this church.
+ This island, as before stated in the notes to the Diary, was destroyed at the erection of the present bridge.
41. Parish and suburbs of Saint Vincent of the Vines. 42. Parish of Saint Mark. 43. L'Orbette.* 44. The island which was in front of Saint Aigoan. 45. The cross of Fleury. 46. The Cistercians, formerly St. Lazarus or St. Ladre. 47. Saint Phallier, formerly Saint Gervais. 48. The bridge now existing. 49. The three suburbs of Portereau. 50. Saint Aignan. 51. Saint Michael. 52. Saint Victor, in the suburb of Burgundy Gate. 53. The Chapel of Saint Aignan. 54. Saint Aux, or Saint Avit. 55. The Chapel of Martroi. 56. Saint Michael on the Fosses. 57. The Jacobins. 58. The Almonry of Saint Pouvaire. 59. The Carmelites. 60. The Cordeliers, afterwards the Recollets.
• The English forming the garrison of Saint Loup, held their watches at L'Orbette. Vide Tripaut, 80: Guyon, Hist. of the Diocese of Orleans, p. 216.
END OF THE FIRST VOLUME.