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New Government Aids

for Teachers

THE PUBLICATIONS LISTED may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., at the prices stated. Remittances should be made by postal money order, express order, coupons, or check. Currency may be sent at sender's risk. If more convenient, order through your local bookstore.

partment of Agriculture, Washington,
D. C.)
Pictures of the activities of the bee from early in the
spring until late in the fall. Suggests ways of using
honey. Close-ups of bees gathering pollen and nectar
from flowers, bees feeding one another, the queen at-
tended by her retinue, scout bees discovering honey
and communicating the fact to the rest of the hive by
means of the "food dance," scenes of drones and robber
bees being driven from the hive, and a spectacular
fight between rival queens.

Compiled by MARGARET F. RYAN
Editorial Division, Office of Education

Care of Children in Day Nurseries. 1932.
11 p. (Children's Bureau, Separate from
Publication No. 209.) 5€.
Survey of reports from 26 metropolitan areas as to the
number of day nurseries reporting, average monthly
number of workers, average monthly number of chil-
dren on the register, average monthly number of days'
care given, and average monthly number and percent-
age of children for whom some fees were paid and for
whom no fees were paid. (Social welfare; Nursery
Air Marking. 1932. 13 p. (U. S. De-
partment of Commerce, Aeronautics Bul-
letin No. 4.) 5€.
Contents: General requirements for air-marking; Color
combination and size and style of lettering; Meridian
marker; Airport pointer; Air-marking insignia; Loca-
tion of markings; Highway markings; Maintenance of
markings. (Aviation; Industrial education.)

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Building Truck Trails in the National
Forests. 1 reel—silent. (Forest Service.)
Shows how the cost of building truck trails in National
Forests is lowered by the employment of modern

Forest or Wastelands? 2 reels—talking
version. (Forest Service.)
Illustrates how our forests have been cut without
consideration for the future and considers the question
“What must we do about our forests?"


Price lists: No. 28, Finance-Banking,

Sago Making in Primitive New Guinea. budget accounting; No. 39, Birds and wild

1 reel-talking version. (Bureau of Plant animals; No. 53, Maps. (Government

Industry.) Printing Office.) Free.

The sago sequence from "Sugar Plant Hunting by Reclaimed. 1932. 31 p., illus. (Federal

Airplane in New Guinea" scored with explanatory

talk. Board for Vocational Education.) 104. The national program of restoration of physically handi

Maps capped men and women to useful employment. (Vo

Courtesy National Park Service cational education; Special education.)


United States: Scale, 1 inch=40 miles. Along the trail hikers find interesting, instructive markers. Size 49 by 78 inches. Price, $1. (U. S. Farmers Build Their Marketing Machin- Here attention is being called to the Kaibab limestone Geological Survey.)

which contains seashells, corals, sponges, and shark 1930. 59 p., illus. (Federal Farm

teeth indicating that it was laid down beneath the sea. Map, in two sheets, with insets showing Alaska, Board, Bulletin No. 3.) Free.

Forty-one other illustrations appear in “Research and Hawaii, the Philippine Islands, Canal Zone, Puerto

Education in the National Parks." How the agricultural marketing act helps in developing

Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Water features and cooperative program open to all growers. Outlines the life displays, lectures--campfire talks, museums, and their names are printed in blue. Boundary lines and work of the seven national agencies which have been observation stations, libraries, nature notes and trail- names of States, counties, cities, and towns are printed established by cooperatives with the assistance of the side notes, Yosemite School of Field Natural History,

in black. Railroads are indicated by fine brown lines. Federal Farm Board, six of which are sales agencies

the Yosemite Junior Nature School, and college and Remittances should be sent to the Geological Survey, and five already are operating, marketing grain, cotton,

university field classes. Also contains a short résumé Washington, D. C. livestock, wool and mohair, and pecans. (Agriculture; of the history of the educational movement in the Marketing.) National Parks. (Adult education; Nature study;

Air Navigation Maps. 1932. 13 p. (DeSummer schools.) Mineral resources, Part I, Metals. 1932.

partment of Commerce, Aeronautics Bul968 p., cloth, $1.50. (Bureau of Mines.)

Vocational Training Costs. 1932. 34 p. letin No. 10.) 5€.

(Federal Board for Vocational Education, Covers the metallic resources of the United States,

Price list of the following air navigation maps: Departgiving imports, exports, markets, prices, metallurgical

Bulletin No. 162, Trade and Industrial ment of Commerce strip maps, Department of Comdevelopments, and production figures on the various Series No. 47.) 10€.

merce sectional airway maps, Army Air Corps strip metals produced in the United States.

maps, and Hydrographic Office air navigation charts. Unit cost of vocational education in Cincinnati, Ohio,

(Aviation; Navigation; Drafting.) Part 2. Nonmetals. 1932. 858 p., cloth,

representing a method of determining the cost of voca

tional education in a community which may well serve $1.25. (Bureau of Mines.)

as a pattern for administrators who would undertake Airway Strip Maps: Scale, 1 inch=8 miles. Nonmetals, giving information concerning purposes for similar studies in their own cities. (School adminis- Size, 1142 by 52 inches. Price 50€. which used, production, imports and exports, sales, tration; Vocational education; Industrial education; (Hydrographic Office, U. S. Navy.) prices, markets, consumption, distribution, etc. Teacher training.) (Mineralogy; Geography; Geology; Economics.)


From New Orleans, La., to Galveston, Tex., and from

San Luis Obispo Bay, Calif., to San Francisco, Calif. Research and Education in the National The following films may be borrowed Both maps show the coast line and airways, airports, Parks. 1932. 66 p., illus. (National free from the Extension Service, Office beacons, prominent transmission lines, highways, Park Service.) Free from National Park of Motion Pictures, Department of Agri- streams, railroads, towns, elevations, and other im.

portant features for air navigation. On the back of Service. culture, Washington, D. C.

each of the maps are pictures of the landing fields to be Outline of the educational program in the National

found along the routes. Orders for the airway strip Parks--guided trips, auto caravans, nature trails, hisThe Realm of the Honeybee. 4 reels

maps should be sent to the Hydrographic Office, U. S. toric trails, exhibits in place, wild-flower displays, wild- silent. (Office of Motion Pictures, De- Navy, Washington, D. C.

THESE MEN AND WOMEN ARE AT YOUR SERVICEMore than 100 men and women make up the staff of the Office of Education in the United States Department of the Interior. They are constantly engaged in collecting, analyzing, and diffusing information about all phases of education in the United States, its outlying parts, and in foreign countries.



WILLIAM JOHN COOPER, Commissioner BESS GOODYKOONTZ, Assistant Commissioner


DIVISIONS 1. ADMINISTRATION (chief clerk, in charge):

2. RESEARCH AND INVESTIGATION (Assistant Commissioner, in Eunice W. Curtis, in charge of mails and files.

charge)Continued. 2. RESEARCH AND INVESTIGATION (Assistant Com issioner, in

(d) Special Problems-Continued. charge):

Walter H. Gaumnitz, senior specialist in rural school problems. Consultants

Ambrose Caliver, specialist in the education of Negrocs. James F. Rogers, specialist in health education.

Annie Reynolds, associate specialist in school supervision. Maris M. Proffitt, specialist in guidance and industrial education.

(e) StatisticalDavid Segel, specialist in tests and measurements.

Emery M. Foster, chief.
(a) Colleges-- Professional Schools

Henry G. Badger, assistant statistician.
Frederick J. Kelly, chief.

David T. Blose, assistant statistician.
Ben W. Frazier, senior specialist in teacher training.

Lester B. Herlihy, assistant statistician.
Walton C. John, senior specialist in higher education.

Russell M. Kelley, assistant statistician.
Walter J. Greenleaf, specialist in higher education.

John H. McNeely, research assistant.

William D. Boutwell, chief.
Ella B. Ratcliffe, chief educational assistant.

John H. Lloyd, editorial assistant.
(b) American School Systems-

Margaret F. Ryan, editorial assistante
Walter S. Deffenbaugh, chief.

Mary Dabney Davis, senior specialist in nursery-kindergar.

Sabra W. Vought, chief.
ten-primary education.

Edith A. Lathrop, associate specialist in school libraries.
Carl A. Jessen, principal specialist in secondary education.

Martha R. McCabe, assistant librarian.
Mina M. Langvick, senior specialist in elementary school

Edith A. Wright, assistant in research bibliography.

Agnes I. Lee, head cataloger.
Florence C. Fox, associate specialist in elementary education,

Nora R. Tatum, assistant cataloger.
Timon Covert, specialist in school finance.

Ruth A. Gray, junior assistant in research.
Ward W. Keesecker, specialist in school legislation.
Rowna Hansen, junior specialist in kindergarten-primary


Lewis R. Alderman, chief.

Alice Barrows, senior specialist in school building problems. (c) Foreign School Systems

John O. Malott, senior specialist in commercial education.
James F. Abel, chief.

Emeline S. Whitcomb, senior specialist in home economics.
Alina M. Lindegren, specialist in Western European educa.

Cline M. Koon, senior specialist in education by radio. tion.

Ellen C. Lombard, associate specialist in parent education. Severin K. Turosienski, associate specialist in foreign educa.

Marie M. Ready, associate specialist in physical education. tion.

6. GENERAL SURVEYS (Commissioner of Education, in charge): Frances M. Fernald, assistant specialist in foreign education.

Edward S. Evenden, associate director, National Survey of the Educa. (d) Special Problems

tion of Teachers.
Mrs. Katherine M. Cook, chief.

Guy C. Gamble, senior specialist in educational surveys.
Elise H. Martens, senior specialist in education of exceptional

Ben W. Frazier, coordinator.

Paul R. Mort, associate director, National Survey of School Finance. Beatrice McLeod, senior specialist in education of physi.

Eugene S. Lawler, senior specialist in school finance. cally handicapped children.

Timon Covert, coordinator.

FIVE WAYS TO BUY GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS I. Send check, postal money order, express order, New York draft, or currency (at sender's risk) in advance of publication shipment, making payable to Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Postage stamps, foreign money, smooth or defaced coins not accepted.

II. Inclose coupons with order. Coupons may be purchased (20 for $1) from the Superintendent of Documents, and are acceptable as cash payment for any requested publications.

III. Use the deposit system. Deposit $5 or more with the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Cost of publications, as ordered, will be charged against this deposit. This system does away with remittances with every order, and delay in first obtaining prices.

IV. Order publications to be sent C. O. D., if they are needed immediately and price is unknown. Payment is made when received.

V. Order publications through your bookstore, if more convenient.

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Tell The People Facts About Their Schools · Lest We Forget · None Without Hope Rain Checks on Diplomas A Study of College Women The Love of Books Schools and the Social Upheaval Helps for Teachers The Status of the States

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Issued Monthly, except July and August, by the United
States Department of the Interior, Office of Education

Secretary of the Interior : Ray Lyman Wilbur · Commissioner of Education : William John Cooper




Tell the People
Significant Facts About Their Schools



DUCATION like every other Total value of school property includ- A directory of educational opportunities

service must in these times step ing endowments is $9,302,048,000, which in and around Boston lists more than 600
to the rostrum and state its equals 7.2 per cent of all taxable property courses of study.
case to the public.

in the United States. The total estimated One State university a few years ago As American Education Week rolls value of the 3,000 school buildings in offered more than 2,000 courses. Our around this year school administrators, Massachusetts about one hundred years larger institutions offer many more. parent-teacher groups, teachers, news- ago was $500,000—to-day the State's inpapers, and other patrons and friends vestment in public schools is about $240,

What they learn will want to speak for education. 000,000.

This is difficult to answer objectively. For their use the following significant,

Their teachers

We know, however, that our nation is up-to-date facts on education in America have been brought together largely from

To 35 of every 1,000 gainfully em

constantly increasing its demand for

citizens with learning. For example, statistics collected on a nation-wide scale ployed persons America assigns the task by the Office of Education. of handing on the torch of civilization by

when you call for any of the following teaching

experts, you call for the minimum number Who goes to school

Here is where our 1,037,605 teachers, of years of required training indicated: One of every 4 Americans attended who number twice the population of



Nurses.. some kind of school last year. Thirty- Washington, D. C., teach: one millions in school are divided approx


18 imately as follows:


18 Pharmacists...

Public Private Elementary.

61, 567
640, 957

12 High.

21, 788

213, 306 Universities and colleges and


16 Kindergarten..

760, 000 40,000
professional schools public

Public school teachers.

15 22, 800,000 1,200,000 and private

91, 761 High...

4,000,000 1,000,000


They can not serve you without a perCollege and university. 1,000,000 200,000

mit. They can not get a permit until they

One out of five teachers is a man. have spent one-fifth to one-third of their The chances of a boy or girl going to

normal life span in learning. high school, which were only 1 in 25 in 1890 are now 1 in 2.

What they study

What it costs The chances of a boy or girl going to

The following information from Caldcollege, which were only 1 in 33 in 1900

Ten cents per day paid by every person well and Courtis, Then and Now in are now 1 in 6.

of voting age in the United States would Education,” is self-explanatory: In 1775: Twenty-three out of every 1,000 adult Reading, Spelling, Writing, Arithmetic,

pay the entire bill for public education. Americans are college graduates—125 out and the Bible. In 1850: Reading, Spell- the United States:

Annual expenditures for education in of every 1,000 are high-school graduates. ing, Writing, Arithmetic, Language and

Of every 1,000 pupils in fifth grade Grammar, Geography, Bookkeeping, Con610 enter high school, 260 graduate, 160 duct, History, and Object Lessons.



capita enter college and 50 graduate.

1925: Spelling, Writing, Arithmetic, GramWhere they go to school mar, Geography, History, Civics, Draw

$2, 656, 420. 316 $21.77 Private...

578, 218, 251 ing, Music, Physical Training, Physiology,


Hygiene, Literature, Composition, Alge-

3, 234, 638, 567 bra, Commercial Arithmetic, General Elementary

9, 275

1 238, 306 Mathematics, Vocations, Social Studies, Average annual costs per school child at High...

2, 760

23, 930 Universities and colleges...

General Science, Mechanical Drawing, various levels are as follows:

Metals, Printing, Woodwork, Clothing, Elementary, current expense, $67.82; 1 of these 150,000 are 1-room rural schools. and Foods.

high school, current expense, $144.03; col



26. 51



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