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Useful to Teachers
The Herald's Horn
By CLINE M. KOON ROM THE Pan American Union Viajando Por Los Estados Unidos (See- Specialist in Education by Radio in Washington, the headquarters of ing The United States) is especially useful the international organization main- to the student of Spanish. The Bulletin,
“Japan is considering placing its radio tained by 21 American republics for published in English, Spanish, and Portu- broadcasting in the hands of the Departthe development of better understanding, guese, three different magazines each
ment of Education,” says Armstrong friendly intercourse, commerce and peace covering its special field, show month-to- Perry in a cablegram received recently among Nations, there come regularly many month progress of Latin American Re
from Madrid, Spain. Mr. Perry was inpublications useful to teachers. publics and bring to readers specific
vited by the Spanish Government to atOf great interest to young people of the activities of governmental and private
tend the International Radio Conference United States should be “Stories of the interests in the Americas.
as a representative of the National ComNations" which comprise several hundred Largely of a political and technical
mittee on Education by Radio. "little works on big subjects.” Important nature are The Conference Series of pub
* information on each of 21 American re- lications which relate to the various con
What is Educational Broadcasting? publics is included in this publication, ferences of American Republics. Six have
Discussions about radio in education often covering facts on large cities, commercial been held during the past 42 years. The get nowhere through failure to define commodities, ports, harbors, and sight- seventh will convene at Montevideo,
terms. Probably the best definition of seeing in general. Each story is written Uruguay, in December, 1933.
educational broadcasting yet devised is in popular style.
To order publications mentioned or to
that by Dr. W. W. Charters, of Ohio Similar booklets on history, education, obtain price lists of publications address:
State University: “An educational proforestry, treaties, finance, archaeology, Pan American Union, Washington, D.C.
gram is one whose purpose is to raise social welfare, and other topics are also Wm. A. REID, Foreign Trade Adviser.
standards of taste, to increase range of available.
valuable information, or to stimulate
audiences to undertake worth-while acCLASSROOM "MOVIE" HANDICAPS
tivities." PUBLICATIONS REPRICED
* MORE THAN ONE THIRD of 629 teachers Two POPULAR Office of Education publi
"COMMERCIAL RADIO ADVERwho use motion pictures and regard them cations have been reduced in price, the
TISING” is the title of a report recently as helpful classroom aids, reported as a Superintendent of Documents announces. major difficulty in their use the fact that They are: "Self-Help for College Stu- issued by the Federal Radio Commission it is not usually possible for teachers to dents" Bulletin 1929 No. 2, now 15 cents
in response to Senate Resolution No. 129 make sufficient detailed study of a film per copy; and “Scholarships and Fellow- instructing the commission to make a to get the maximum value from its use. ships, Grants Available in U. S. Colleges survey of the allocation and use of radic
Rapidity of film movement, swiftness of and Universities,” Bulletin 1931, No. 15, facilities for commercial and educational change from point to point, and the expan- now 15 cents per copy.
Both of these purposes. sive content often leads to inaccurate and bulletins have had a wide distribution
The report contains much interesting
information about our broadcasting sysunsuccessful pupil recall, about one half during the past year. of the teachers said.
The Office of Education's "best-seller,"
tem. Although a number of defects are Many others stated that expense of “Classroom Weight Records” are now $3
discussed, it is, as a whole, an able defilms and difficulty of projection prevent a per hundred, instead of $2 per hundred.
fense of our present broadcasting syswider use of educational films in the class- The single copy price will remain at 5 cents.
tem. Further information regarding this
The price for Health Education Poster report may be obtained by addressing the J. 0. Malott, commercial education No. 4, “Weight, Height, Age Tables for
Government Printing Office, Washingspecialist of the Federal Office of Educa- Boys and Girls,” is $2 per hundred; that ton, D. C. tion, reports this information from a study of the “Record of Growth,” $1.50 per of the Department of Commerce and the hundred.
The fourth season of the American Office of Education on the administration
School of the Air will begin Monday, of film service in the public schools. For
FAMILY QUARTET GRADUATE Oct. 24 at 2.30 p. m., E.S. T., over the further information on this study address:
Columbia Broadcasting System.
president of Kent State College, Kent, tic Commerce, Department of Commerce,
Ohio, belongs the distinction of father Dr. Walter Damrosch began the fifth Washington, D. C.
and three sons receiving degrees from four season of the NBC Music Appreciation different institutions in one year.
Pres- Hour, Friday morning, October 14, at 11 FOR THE BLIND
ident Engleman took the Ph. D., at Ohio o'clock, E. S. T., over the NBC network. UPON REQUEST of the Library of Con- State University in the summer of 1932; gress, the United States Bureau of his son Buryl took the A. M. at North- Prof. T. M. Beaird, of the University Standards has been making a study of western University, and Edward the same of Oklahoma, is chairman of a special Braille papers to be used in books for the degree at Indiana State Teachers College. committee of the Association of College blind. A special requirement of paper for Philip took the A. B. at the institution and University Broadcasting Stations, this purpose is that the embossed points over which his father presides.
which is making a study of various ways forming the printed characters must have Dr. Engleman was director of the Field in which educational broadcasting stasufficient resistance to crushing and yet Service Division of the National Educa- tions can exchange programs. This comnot feel harsh to the sensitive fingers of tion Association a few years ago, resigning mittee should render a splendid service to the blind.
to return to school administration. educational broadcasting stations.
A Study of College Women
the bright child in the grades and in high school.” An interesting case study closes
the discussion. (“The public library in THAT ARE the occupations of other than teaching; $1,746 for those in American life" is discussed in School and college women? How much do fine arts and related fields; $1,691 in all Society for September 3 by President
they earn? Do college women types of professional work, and $1,533 in Frank P. Graham of the University of marry? Who pays for their education? all types of business.
North Carolina. He shows that the liWhy do women students drop out of More of the land-grant college women
brary has been an important factor in the college?
than women from other types of colleges development of civilization and in the enThese and many other educational, marry, the study discloses. Of all gain- richment of individual human life, and personal, and occupational questions con- fully employed, nearly 20 per cent are
that now in a time of depression it helps stantly being asked by and about the married; about 14 per cent of the teachers the entire community. ["The future of college woman of to-day, are answered and approximately 28 per cent of those in
radio in education" with special emphasis in “After College What?”, a publication all other occupations.
on its aid in vocational guidance, is disof the Institute of Women's Professional Sixty-one per cent of all married women
cussed by William John Cooper, United Relations, North Carolina College for graduates have children, and of these
States Commissioner of Education, in Women, Greensboro, N. C. more teachers have become mothers than
Texas Outlook for September. While eduThe study of 6,665 land-grant college women in all other occupations.
cation by radio is most successful in those women is based upon data gathered by Married teachers earn a median salary subjects "which especially require ear the Federal Office of Education in its less than that of single teachers, and more training” as music, history, geography, recent survey of land-grant colleges and of the married women are in elementary literature, and languages, as yet little universities, and covers the period from teaching than single women, who teach progress has been made and he says "it will 1889 to 1922.
mainly in senior high school and college. probably be five or ten years before we Teaching is the most popular occupa- “Drop-outs" were ascribed chiefly to can tell exactly what we want." (An tion of female college graduates. Many finances, health, and change of mind, interesting and appreciative account of also follow vocations in libraries, health most occurring during the first or second
Tom Skeyhill, the Blind Anzac, who was work, commercial fields, and in branches
the friend of Roosevelt, Mussolini, and
Bernard Shaw, and who wrote and spoke The median salary of all college women occupations, and married. Those with thrillingly about Sergeant Alvin York, included in the study is $1,655 per year; degrees showed a distinct advantage in appears in Michigan Education Journal $1,640 for teaching; $2,078 for executive earning power over those who withdrew for September. The author is John Jay positions in business; $1,992 for home and never obtained a degree.
of Hamtramck. (The National Survey economics trained women in occupations
of Secondary Education, a 3-year study directed by the Office of Education, was completed in June. The North Central Association Quarterly for September contains a symposium on the subject. Dr. L. V. Koos, associate director of the survey, explains the methods employed and briefly summarizes the findings. Supplementing this are several articles which discuss the various aspects of the survey in its relation to the curriculum. (The League of Nations' Institute of Intellec
tual Cooperation began in April the pubDrawing by Erwin H. Austin, Pratt Institute. Brooklyn, N. Y.
lication of a new monthly called InformaBy Sabra W. Vought
tion Bulletin (Address: 40 Mt. Vernon
Street, Boston, Mass.). It aims to cover Librarian, Office of Education
the activities of the organization in the THAT THE AIM of the graduate school the genuine social sense. Zest is added fields of art, literature, science, education, should be "to foster prospective great to this discussion by “Comments” of etc., and is the only periodical publication scholars” not to train or educate them, eight of the people who heard Doctor of the Institute which is issued in English. but “to incite to ardent exploration” in Counts deliver this address at the Balti- (An account of New College, which an untrodden path perceived by the more conference on Progressive Education. opens this fall at Teachers College, Columimagination of the explorers, is the text of The trends of modern education in bia University, for the preparation of an article by President Lowell, of Harvard, the various countries of the world are teachers, appears in the Journal of Educain the Atlantic Monthly for August. discussed in the League Script (Minnesota tion for September 5. The author, Agnes He discusses “Universities, graduate Teachers League) for April-June. (The Snyder, discusses the plans and purpose schools, and colleges,” comparing Amer- North Central Association Quarterly ap
of the new enterprise. (An interesting ican, English, and German institutions. peared in a new dress with the beginning description of Soro Academy “an old
In a brilliant and thought-provoking of its seventh volume in June. The new school rich in traditions" which is now the article in Progressive Education for April, format is pleasing to the eye, while the largest State boarding school in Denmark, George S. Counts attacks the problem cost to individual teachers has been con- appears in the American-Scandinavian "Dare progressive education be progres- siderably reduced. ( The June issue of Review for August-September. Under sive?” He wonders “whether our pro- Understanding the Child is devoted to the title “A royal school democratized" gressive schools, handicapped as they are the problem of training the bright child. H. G. Olrik describes this venerable school by the clientele which they serve and the Some of the subjects considered are:
which was founded in 1586 and still flourintellectualistic approach to life which “What is the bright child?” “The bright ishes as a boarding school open to any they embrace, can become progressive in child as a school problem," "Guidance of Danish boy.
HAVE YOU READ?
New Government Aids
THE PUBLICATIONS LISTED may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., at the prices stated. Remittances should be made by postal money order, express order, coupons, or check. Currency may be sent at sender's risk. If more convenient, order through your local bookstore.
Compiled by MARGARET F. RYAN
maps or folios alone, or for maps and folios Editorial Division, Office of Education
together. The following topographic maps Publications
have recently been made available: General Information Regarding the Virgin
California.-Buttonwillow quadrangle; Islands of the United States. 38 p., illus.
Illinois-Manito quadrangle; Kentucky(U. S. Department of the Interior.)
Illinois—La Center quadrangle; Maine
Grant Point quadrangle; Minnesota-WisGeneral information regarding the government, bank. ing and financial condition, agriculture, economic con
consin-Wabasha quadrangle; New Mexditions, living conditions and accommodations, and
ico-Kirtland quadrangle. 10 cents each. recreation, of the Virgin Islands, with a general description of the islands. (Geography; Political science;
Post Office Department Maps.-The DiviSociology.) 10€.
sion of Topography of the Post Office De
partment has prepared maps showing the Price Lists. Commerce and Manufac
rural free delivery routes. They are pubtures, No. 62; Forestry, tree planting,
lished in two forms, one giving simply the wood tests, and lumber industries, No. 43;
rural free delivery routes starting from a Insects, bees, honey, and insects injur.
single given post office, and sold at 75 ious to man, animals, plants, and crops,
cents each; the other, the rural free delivNo. 41; Irrigation, drainage, and water
ery routes in an entire county, are sold at power, No. 42; Maps, No. 53. (Govern
50 cents each. A scale of 1 inch to 1 mile ment Printing Office.) Free.
is generally used. Orders for these maps
should be sent to the Disbursing Clerk, Work of the United States Tariff Commission Since Its Reorganization. 23 p.
Post Office Department, Washington, D. C. (Tariff Commission, Miscellaneous series.)
Bluebeard's Castle, St. Thomas, V. I. 56. (Political science; Civics.)
gin Islands as shown in "General Information Regarding Behind the Scenes in the Machine Age. Radio Broadcasting. 3 p. (U. S. De- the Virgin Islands of the United States," a publication
of the United States Department of the Interior. 3 reels. (Department of Labor, Women's partment of State, Arbitration Series No. 34.) 5€.
Bureau.) by addressing the Pan American Union,
Factory scenes showing the regular women employees Arrangement between the United States of America Washington, D. C.
on their jobs. Gives the contrast between hand and and the Dominion of Canada, effected by exchange of
machine processes for producing the same article. notes signed May 5, 1932. (Radio education; International relations.)
Facts and figures tell the story of how machines increase Maps
the output and decrease the number of workers. Ani
mated cartoons show such causes of waste in industry New items Topographic maps.—The Geological Sur
as hunting for jobs, occupational misfits, long hours, The following illustrated publications that will eventually cover the whole United vey is making a series of topographic maps poor working conditions, and unemployment. The
part which the Women's Bureau plays in helping to have recently been issued by the Pan American Union and are available at 5c
States, also Alaska and Hawaii. The in- eliminate these causes of waste is also shown. (Availdividual maps are projected to represent portation costs.)
able in both 35 and 16 mm widths on payment of transper copy. Orders should be sent to the
quadrangle areas rather than political diPan American Union, Washington, D. C. visions, and each map is designated by the
Forest Fires-or Conservation? 4 of a American Nation Series. Argentine Re- name of some prominent town or natural reel—Talking. (Office of Motion Pictures, public, No. 1, 31 p.; Colombia, No. 5,29 feature in the area mapped. These maps Extension Service, Department of Agrip.; Mexico, No. 13, 46 p.; Peru, No. 17, are printed on uniform sized paper, about culture.) 30 p.; Uruguay, No. 20, 30 p.
20 by 1642 inches and the maps of the Shows Secretary Hyde presenting to Representative
quadrangle areas represented thereon are Scott Leavitt, of Montana, a commission as a volunteer American City Series. Mexico City-A about 17 inches long and 12 to 15 inches
fire warden in his State and Mr. Leavitt making a City of Palaces, No. 13-A, 28 p; Santiago wide.
short talk on the importance of conserving forest Chile's Interesting Capital, No. 4-A, About 45 per cent of the area of the coun
try, excluding Alaska, has been mapped, Learn and Live. 1 reel. (Bureau of Commodities of Commerce Series. Choco
every State being represented. Maps of Mines, Department of Commerce.) late (Cacao) in the Americas, No. 18, 21
the regular size are sold by the Geological A dangerous trip by autombile to the mine and a p.; Copper in the Americas, No. 23,
first-aid class is the framework for showing safe and Survey at 10 cents each, but a discount of 40 per cent is allowed on any order which
unsafe attitudes, methods, and practices. A thrilling A price list of all the publications issued
swimming near-tragedy and resuscitation converts the amounts to $5 at the retail price. The
careless brother and prompts him to study first-aid by the Pan American Union may be had discount is allowed on an order for either methods. (Available in both 35 and 16 mm widths.)
Vol. XVIII, No. 2, OCTOBER, 1932
THESE MEN AND WOMEN ARE AT YOUR SERVICEMore than 100 men and women make up the staff of the Office of Education in the United States Department of the Interior. They are constantly engaged in collecting, analyzing, and diffusing information about all phases of education in the United States, its outlying parts, and in foreign countries.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
RAY LYMAN WILBUR, Secretary
OFFICE OF EDUCATION-ORGANIZATION
LEWIS A. KALBACH, Chief Clerk
DIVISIONS 1. ADMINISTRATION (chief clerk, in charge):
2. RESEARCH AND INVESTIGATION (Assistant Commissioner, in Eunice W. Curtis, in charge of mails and files.
-Continued. 2. RESEARCH AND INVESTIGATION (Assistant Commissioner, in
(d) Special Problems-Continued. charge):
Walter H. Gaumnitz, senior specialist in rural school problems. Consultants,
Ambrose Caliver, specialist in the education of Negroes. James F. Rogers, specialist in health education.
Annie Reynolds, associate specialist in school supervision. Maris M. Proffitt, specialist in guidance and industrial education,
(e) StatisticalDavid Segel, specialist in tests and measurements.
Emery M. Foster, chief.
Henry G. Badger, assistant statistician.
David T. Blose, assistant statistician.
Lester B. Herlihy, assistant statistician,
Russell M. Kelley, assistant statistician.
William D. Boutwell, chief.
John H. Lloyd, editorial assistant.
Margaret F. Ryan, editorial assistant.
Sabra W. Vought, chief.
Edith A. Lathrop, associate specialist in school libraries.
Martha R. McCabe, assistant librarian.
Agnes 1. Lee, head cataloger.
Nora R. Tatum, assistant cataloger.
Ruth A. Gray, junior assistant in research.
Lewis R. Alderman, chief. (c) Foreign School Systems
Alice Barrows, senior specialist in school building problems.
John O. Malott, senior specialist in commercial education.
Emeline S. Whitcomb, senior specialist in home economics.
Clinc M. Koon, senior specialist in education by radio.
Ellen C. Lombard, associate specialist in parent education.
Marie M. Ready, associate specialist in physical education.
6. GENERAL SURVEYS (Commissioner of Education, in charge): (d) Special Problems
Edward S. Evenden, associate director, National Survey of the Educa.
tion of Teachers.
Guy C. Gamble, senior specialist in educational surveys.
Ben W. Frazier, coordinator.
Paul R. Mort, associate director, National Survey of School Finance. Beatrice McLeod, senior specialist in education of physi.
Eugene S. Lawler, senior specialist in school finance. cally bandicapped children.
Timon Covert, coordinator.
FIVE WAYS TO BUY GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS 1. Send check, postal money order, express order, New York draft, or currency (at sender's risk) in advance of publication shipment, making payable to Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Postage stamps, foreign money, smooth or defaced coins not accepted.
il. Inclose coupons with order. Coupons may be purchased (20 for $1) from the Superintendent of Documents, and are acceptable as cash payment for any requested publications.
III. Use the deposit system. Deposit $5 or more with the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Cost of publications, as ordered, will be charged against this deposit. This system does away with remittances with every order, and delay in first obtaining prices.
IV. Order publications to be sent C. O. D., if they are needed immediately and price is unknown. Payment is made when received.
V. Order publications through your bookstore, if more convenient.
Schools in Nine Nations The Grouping Idea What Teachers Colleges Teach Mr. Justice Holmes • Mexico's New Schools · Home-Making Education, 1930-32 Education Abroad
New Government Aids for Teachers · Status of the States
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR • WASHINGTON