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IN submitting to you the following pages, it is, perhaps, unnecessary to remark that the subject is neither new nor neglected. Before and since the revolution of 1821, it gave rise to many and important works. The wellknown and justly-appreciated researches of Col. Leak, embody all that was known-in the beginning of the present century—of the topography and the antiquities of Greece; and so thorough has he done his work, that apparently there is hardly a sheaf or an ear for the hand of the gleaner. Since the days of Col.

Leak, however, and those illustrious scholars who preceded him, Greece has become the theatre of great and important events. The struggle and the subsequent independence of the Greeks, called into existence new objects of interest, and a new order of writers. But these, like those who went before them, appear to be better acquainted with the ancient than the modern Greeks, and-with a few honourable exceptions-they belong to that noble band who have been valorously engaged in fighting over the memorable battles of Platea and of Marathon. It is not, of course, intended, by these remarks, to convey the idea that the works alluded to are deficient in merit, or wanting in interest; they are all excellent in their way, but their authors, though imbued, to a greater or less degree, with the spirit of ancient Greece, were but little acquainted with the language and the genius of the modern Greeks; and their books are but ill calculated to supply us with a work, the avowed object of which, would be to acquaint us with the present condition of

Greece and the Greeks. This is the main object of the following work, and the reader will allow me to remark-by way of explanationthat on my return to my native land, and during my residence in the capital of the kingdom as American Consul, it was my good fortune to become acquainted with almost all the noted Greeks of the day, and through them with the events of the past and the prospects of the future. Mere historical facts are the property of all, but my views and opinions on men and things, though expressed by myself, are to be regarded as the views and the opinions of the Greeks in general-in this respect mv Greece is "the Greece of the Greeks."

It was not, of course, possible, while travelling over the classical and hallowed scenes of ancient Greece, to resist the temptation of paying them a passing tribute. This was neither possible nor desirable, but my main object being the condition of modern Greece, I have confined myself to the narration of such events as form a portion of her history, and to the

description of those institutions and internal resources, by means of which she must subsist or perish.

My residence in Greece was prior to the adoption of her constitution, but I have watched the changes that have taken place, and the more important events of the day are embodied in the notes of this work.

N. B. It was the intention of the author and his publishers to have printed the first and second volumes of this work simultaneously, but unfortunately the fire of the 20th October destroyed the copy, proof-sheets, and plates, and has thus rendered it necessary to postpone its publication for a few weeks. It is in progress, and will be out as soon as possible.

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