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has been given in the text. A few other alterations too will be found. Particular attention has been bestowed on the Double Palmers, as these are so important a feature in the work, and so deservedly celebrated. There are anglers on the Dove who never use any other fly on their lash but two of these Palmers, Nos. 45 and 46. This, however, is going to an extreme, and savours of prejudice, or laziness, rather than of sportsmanlike skill and industry. Such anglers seldom make their own flies; and unless this accomplishment has been attained, half the pleasure of fly-fishing has not been tasted.

As this book is intended to encourage and assist the observation and ingenuity of the young angler, the instructions have been in places simplified, as in the section showing “How to make a Fly;" for to encumber the process with “invisible knots," and other niceties, seemed too discouraging to the beginner; and he will find that newly made flies will not come to pieces (though finished with a very simple knot) before the gut is frayed near the head of the fly. This danger, more imminent, has been provided against, by advising to make all large flies on loops, and so guard the weakest point. The fear of “ cracking off a fly is thus lessened materially, and the pleasure of the beginner' much enhanced.

The prospects of the fly-fisher are materially brightened by the recent investigations of scientific men on the subject of breeding fish artificially. The protection of the spawn and of the

young

fish

appears so simple a means of multiplying our best fish, that we may hope to see many a troutless stream replenished, and freslı Subscription Waters started, under the most hopeful auspices. The fear of thinning the fish will not haunt the proprietor of a good stream so painfully as heretofore, and the graceful art of fly-fishing will gain fresh votaries. That anyone who has once conceived a taste for it, should transfer his affections to other sports, need not be apprehended. For, to use the words of Mr. Bainbridge, to whom fly-fishing is so deeply indebted, “ It is a fact worthy of notice, that although many persons have quitted other sports for the amusement of fly-fishing, yet memory does not furnish a single instance of a fly-fisher deserting his occupation, and transferring his preference to any other of the list of rural sports.”

PISCATOR.

CONTENTS.

Of the TROUT. His Weight, Colour, Condition, Haunts,

&c. Description of a Fishing-hut or Observatory.
The Trout's sense of Hearing. Sight. Taste and

Smell. Manner of Feeding, &c.

Of the GRAYLING. Size. Colour. Season. Localities.

Habits. Food, &c.

1

PAGE

.

Preparation of the Rod and Line.

Art of Throwing.

Choice of Weather State of the Water Choice of
a Fly. Appearance of life to be given to the Fly,
Buzz Flies. Rising short, &c. Sudden cessation of Rises, &c. Places to be whipped, &c. Throwing to a Trout just risen. Striking. Killing. Landing. Difference between Trout and Grayling fishing. Manner of Presenting the Fly to a Grayling. Landing him, &c.

43

PAGE

CHAPTER IV.

AN ILLUSTRATED LIST OF INSECTS, AND THEIR IMITATIONS,

USED IN FLY-FISHING.

Introduction. Flies to be used in March. Flies for April.

For May. For June. For July. For August. For
September. Palmers for the Season, &c. .

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