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Elizabeth Hall, and the proceeds of the £50 to bis which constituted the only bequest he made to sister Joan, or Jone Hart, for life, with residue to his wife, and that by insertion after the will was her children. He further gave to the said Judith a written out. broad silver-gilt bowl. To bis sister Joan, beside A few additional facts respecting Shakspeare's the contingent bequest above-mentioned, he gave family may be acceptable. His wife survived him £20 and all his wearing apparel; also the house in seven years, and was buried between his grave and Stratford, in which she was to reside for her natural the aorth wall of the chancel, under a stone julaid life, under the yearly rent of twelvepence. To her with brass, and inscribed thus: three sons, William Hart, Hart, and Michael “ Heere lyeth interred the bodye of Anne, wise Hart, he gave £5 a-piece, to be paid within one of Mr. William Shakspeare, who departed this life year after his decease. To bis grand-daughter, the sixth day of August, 1623, being of the age of Elizabeth Hall, he bequeathed all his plate, the sixty-seven yeares.' silver bowl above excepted. To the poor of Strat It may be supposed that the poet's marriage was ford he bequeathed £10; to Mr. Thomas Cole, his not productive of much domestic comfort. She sword ; to Thomas Russel, £5; to Francis Collins, did not reside with bim in London; their children esq. £13: 6s : 8d. ; to Hamlet, (Hammet) saddler, were born very early after their union; and we #1: 6s : 8d. to buy a ring; and a like sum, for the have seen how coldly she is noticed in the will same purpose, to William Reynolds, gent. Anthony The causes which led to the striking difference Nash, gent. John Hemyoge, Richard Burbage, and which Shakspeare makes in his testament between Henry Candell, bis " fellows;” also, twenty shil his daughters are unknown; but Susanna is, evi lings in gold to his godson, William Walker. To dently, the favourite. Judith married Thoma: his daughter, Susanna Hall, he bequeathed New Quiney, a gentleman of good family, by whom she Place, with its appartenances; two messuages, or had three children, but they died young, leaving ni tenements, with their appartenances, situated in posterity. The art of writing was not among ibi Henley-street; also, all his “ barns, stables, or- lady's accomplishments, as her mark appears to : chards, gardens, lands, tenements, and heredita- deed, still extant, accompanied by the explanator ments whatsoever, situate, lying, and being, or to appendage of " Signum Judith Shakspeare." He be had, received, perceived, or taken, within the elder sister married Dr. Hall, a physician of consi towns, hamlets, villages, fields, and grounds of derable reputation. After her father's death, sh Stratford-upon-Avon, Old Stratford, Bishopton, and resided with her husband at New Place. She be Welcombe, or in any of them in the said county of came a widow, and was honoured, for some time Warwick; and also, all that messuage or tenement, with the company of Henrietta Maria, the quee with the appurtenances, wherein one John Robin. of Charles I. 'Her only child, Elizabeth Hall, th son dwelleth, situated, lying, and being in the niece meutioned in Shakspeare's will, continued t Blackfriars, London, near the Wardrobe; and all reside there when she became lady Barnard. Thi my other lands, tenements, and hereditaments lady, though twice married, left no children. Sh whatsoever, to have and to hold all and singular died in 1669–70, and in her the family of our bar the said premises, with their appurtenances, unto became extinct. Mrs. Susanna Hall died in Jul: the said Susanna Hall, for and during the term of 1649, aged six; she was buried at Stratfori ber natural life; and, after ber decease, to the first and the following record of her wit, piety, an son of her body, lawfully issuing, and to the beirs humanity, was inscribed on her tomb. The line male of her said first son, lawfully issuing; and for do not now appear on the stone, but they have bee default of such issue, to the second son of her body, preserved by Dugdale. lawfully issuing, and to the heirs male of the said
“Witty above her sexe, but that's not all, second son, lawfully issuing;” and so forth, as to
Something of Shakspeare was in that, but this third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh sons of her
Wholly of him with whom she's now in blisse. body, and their heirs male : "and for default of
Then, passenger, hast ne'er a tcare,
To weep with her, that wept with all: such issue, the said premises to be and remain to
That wept, yet set herselfe to chere my niece, Hall, and the heirs male of her body,
Them up with comforts cordiall?
Her love shall live, ber mercy spread, Jawfully issuing; and for default of such issue, to her daughter Judith, and the heirs male of her body, We have thus, as briefly as the importance lawfully issuing; and for default of sucb issue, to such a memoir would permit, gone over the meag the right heirs of me the said William Shakspeare.” biographical remains of the noblest dramatic po To the said Susanna Hall and her husband, whom the world has ever produced. Without attemptii he appointed executors of his will, under the di to draw the character of this matchless writer, v rection of Francis Collins, and Thomas Russel, have, occasionally, in the course of our narrativ esqrs. he further bequeathed all the rest of his endeavoured to mark the feeling of respect ai “ goods, chattels, leases, plate, jewels, and house - admiration by which we are influenced while co hold stuff whatsoever," after the payment of his templating the mighty performances of a'min debts, legacies, and funeral expenses; with the which, with little assistance from education, su exception of his“ second-best bed, with the furniture," passed all the efforts of ancient or modern geniu
Wise to salvation, was good mistress Hall:
When thou hast ne'er a teare to 'shed."
WITHIN seren years of Sbakspeare's death, a (who is rector of the church,) spending a few days monament, executed with no mean skill, by an with him, visited the spot, and, in a feeling of unknown artist, was erected to his memory in the sacrilegious folly, snatched the pen from his hand, chareb at Stratford-upon-Avon. It is constructed and broke it to pieces; and a common quill is now partly of marble and partly of stone, and consists substituted. Dr. D. nearly fainted. It is a matter of a half-length bust of the deceased, with a cushion of much astonishment and regret, that such liberbefore him, placed under an ornamental canopy, ties have been allowed to be taken with this only between two columns of the Corinthian order, sup- true relique of the bard of Albion. Some years ago, porting an entablature. Attached to the latter, are that indefatigable mountebank, Mr. Malone, caused ibe Sbakspeare arms and crest, sculptured in bold this monnment to be painted white all over; thereby relief. Beneath the bast are the following lines : effacing the differeni colours of the dress, &c. it
"Judicio Pylium, gedio Socratem, arte Maronem, had been ornamented with for above one hundred Terra tegit, populus mæret, Olympus habet."
and sixty years, and might have been a copy of the "Stay, passenger, why dost thou go so fast?
apparel of Shakspeare." Read, if thou canst, whom envious death hath plac'd Within this monument; Shakspeare, with whom Quick nature dy'd; whose name doth deck the tomb In 1740, a monument was erected to the memory far more than cost; since all that he hath writ Leaves living art but page to serse his wit.
of Shakspeare, at the public expense, in West***Obiit Ano. Dai. 1616, ætatis 53, die 23 Ap.” minster Abbey, ample funds bavíng accrued from The following particulars from Dr. Drake's work, the performance of Julius Cæsar, Åpril 28, 1738, as connected with this monument, are carious: at Drury-lane Theatre. The trustees were the earl "Notwithstanding the anathema pronounced by the of Burlington, Dr. Richard Mead, Mr. Alexander bard on any disturbers of his bones, the church Pope, and Mr. Charles Fleetwood. The monument Wardens were so negligent, a few years ago, as to was designed by Kent, and executed by Scheesuffer the sexton, in digging the adjoining grave of makers. Shakspeare is represented in the dress of Dr. Davenport, to break a large cavity into the bis time, in white marble, at full length, leaning a tomb of Shakspeare! Mr. told the writer, little on his right arm, which is sopported by a that he was excited by curiosity to push his head pedestal. At the bottom hangs a scroll, inscribed and shoulders through the cavity, that he saw the with the following lines altered from The Tempest: Temains of the bard, and that he could easily have “The cloud-capp'd towers, the gorgeous palaces, brought away his skull, but was deterred by the The solemn temples, the great globe itself,
Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve ; curse which the poet invoked on any one who And, like the baseless fabric of a vision, disturbed his remains. It is well known to the
Leave not a wreck bebind.” generality of bis admirers, that the monument of Above bis head, behind, there is fixed a plate of Shakspeare, at bis native town of Stratford-on curious granite marble, on which is this inscription Aron, stood, till within a year or two, with his in raised letters of brass richly gilt: Gulielmo body resting on a cashion, and a pen in his right Shakspeare anno post mortem cxxiv. amor publicus hand. A young man, a friend of Dr. Davenport, posuit.
The Shakspeare Portraits. It is a singular fact, that of the various Portraits whose name must be concealed.” How it escaped of Shakspeare, there is not one which can be re the fire of London, in 1666, when the whole of lied on as genuine.
Eastcheap was consumed, was not explained ; but The print prefixed to the first folio, 1623, en- Steevens got over this difficulty by stipposing that graved by Droeshout, is an indifferent specimen of it was removed before the fire. It is hardly creart, and notwithstanding the encomium of Bendible that a man of Steevens's penetration should Jonson, cannot be accepted as a likeness.
have believed this portrait genuine, accompanied The bust at Stratford-on-Avon, is alluded to by as it was by so many suspicious circumstances Digges, in his verses prelixed to the first folio; but but Boswell, in the advertisement to his edition of no more reliance can be placed on his judgment, Malone's Shakspeare, 1821, does not hesitate to than on that of Jonson, and it is quite certain that say, that “ there are not indeed wanting those they cannot both be correct. As, however, it is who suspect that Mr. Steevens was better acgenerally admitted to bave been executed within quainted with the bistory of its manufacture, and a few years of the poet's death, and possesses con that there was a deeper meaning in his words, wher siderable expression, it has had many advocates. he tells us, he was instrumental in procuring it, thai
The Chandos portrait, in the collection of the be would have wished to be generally anderstood. marquis of Buckingham, at Stowe, presents a It is almost needless to add, that this portrait ha pedigree of professors up to Betterton, the actor; now few, if any proselytes. but beyond that, the evidence, which should esta The portrait by Marshall, prefixed to Shak blish its authenticity, is at least doubtful. No pic speare's Poems, in 1610, is a reduced copy (will ture has been more frequently copied. Malone one or two slight variations,) of that which accom firmly believed it to be genuine ; but Steevens, who panies the first folio. It has all the stifl'ness o was desirous of establishing the claims of a newly ihe rude sculpture of the period, and has some re discovered candidate, treated it with onreserved semblance to the bust at Stratford-on-Avon. ridicule, nicknaming it The Davenantico-Betterto The portrait, which we have adopted, is from no-Barryan-Keckian-Nicolsian - Chandosian Can- painting by Cornelius Jansen, 1610 : it has been se vas. It has been asserted too, by its opponents, lected on the authority of Mr. Buaden, the antha that no original painting of Shakspeare existing, of the Life of Kemble, and to whom the world sir Thomas Clarges caused this portrait to be indebted for much valuable dramatic information painted from a young man who resembled him. He states it to be bis conviction, that it is a go
A portrait of Zucchero, in the possession of nuine picture of the poet, and, fully to 4 Cosway, the painter, having on the back the words relied on. Steevens finding in Walpole's Ave “Guglielm : Sbakspeare," and supposed to be a dotes of Painting, the words “ Jansen's fir likeness of the bard, has had a temporary po works in England are dated about 1618," (whic pularity; but as it has been ascertained that Zuc- by the by, is an error,) assumes that th chero quitted England when Shakspeare was a artist did not visit this country till that perio youth, and before he had commenced his dramatic two years after the poet's death, and consequentl career, its claims must be rejected.
that if it was intended for a resemblance of Sha The Felton portrait, advocated by Steevens, speare, it could not have been painted in his lid evidently from mere whim and caprice, is perhaps time. Malone confutes this argument by statin the most suspicious of any. It first made its ap- that he himself possessed a portrait painted pearance by being announced for sale in the cata- | Jansen, dated 1611; and as it posseses all 1 logue of the European Museum, in King-street, character we look for in a portrait of the gre St. James's-square, 1792, wherein it was described bard, and there is undoubied proof that as “A curious portrait of Shakspeare, painted in painter was employed by the earl of Southampto 1597.” Mr. Felton gave five guineas for it, and Sbakspeare's friend and companion, Mr. Boad wishing to be acquainted with its history, wrote to very fairly concludes it to be extremely probabl the conductor of the Museum, who gave an indefi- | that it was painted for that nobleman. nite account of its being purchased out
of an old There are, besides the above, many miscel house, known by the sign of the Boar in Eastcheap, neous portraits, of slighter pretensions, to en the resort of Shakspeare and his friends. Two into the merits of which would exceed our limi years after, this gentleman was more communica- but the reader, who is desirous of fully gratifs tive to Steevens, ihan he had been to the purchaser, bis curiosity on this head, is referred to Mr. B and added to his former account, “that it was den's Inquiry into the Authenticity of the Portr found between four and five years ago, at a bro of Shakspeare, where he will find the sub ker's shop in the Minories, by a man of fashion, I treated at length with much ability and clearne
Chronological Order of Shakspeare's Dramas.
ON THE AUTHORITY OF MALONE, CHALMERS, AND DRAKE.
Turensuing enumeration of Shakspeare's dramas, ; jectural. A cloud rests over Shakspeare's cr with the dates assigned by the most generally re as an author, which is not now likely ti ceived authorities, is given merely as a matter of cu dispersed ; those who were most familiar wit riosity; for the learned commentators are so much operations of his extraordinary genius, see n at variance in their chropology, that it deserves have been hardly aware “ that he was not little or no attention. Indeed, when we reflect day, but for all tiine;" they paid their shillingi that the first edition of our author did not appear applauded his productions on the stage, per 1 till several years after his death, and was then but they had little taste or inclination to do t! published by the players, who, it can scarcely be justice in the closet. Shakspeare himself af » supposed, would pay any regard to the order of to have been remarkably careless of his own time in their arrangement of the dramas, it must he produced his great works without effort be obvious, that with a yery few exceptions, the bequeathed them to his country, unconsci u dates given to those compositions are purely con their merit, and reckless of their fate.
Malone. Chalmers. Drake.
pot acknowledged 1590
1589 1589 1592 Second ditto
1591 1591 Taming of the Shrew
1598 1594 Love's Labour's Lost
1596 1597 1597 King John
1596 1598 1598 King Richard II.
1597 1595 1596
1596 Merchant of Venice .
1597 All's well that Ends well
1600 1599 1600 Merry Wives of Windsor
1596 1601 King Henry VIII.
1608 1608 Timon of Athens
1601 1602 Coriolanus
1610 1609 1609
1613 1611 Twelfth Night.
1614 1608 1613 Titus Andronicus not acknowledged by these critics, por indeed by any author of credit, but
originally published about 1589.
On the Plots of Shakspeare's Dramas.
Bermodes, wbich islands were of all nations said and THERE are many conjectures as to the sources supposed to be inchanted and inhabited with witches whence Shakspeare derived his fable of this drama; and devills, which grow by reason of accustomed bat he was certainly indebted for many parts to the monstrous thunder, storm and tempest, Deere anto printed details of the wreck of sir George Somers, those islands; also for that the whole coast is so in the Bermodas, 1609, previously to which that wondrous dangerous of rockes, that few can apisland was commonly regarded as an enchanted proach them, but with unspeakable hazard of shipcluster of rocks, inhabited by devils and witches; wreck.” All this might possibly bave suggested to so that the author's audience were fully prepared Shakspeare's teeming mind, the groundwork of his to credit the existence of such beings as Sycorax astonishing drama; but such slight materials canand Caliban.
not in the least affect its claim to originality. Several contemporary narratives of the above Event were published, and mach might have been
TWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA, gleaned from popular conversation. In 1610, Sil The plot of this play is taken from the story of vester Jourdan, an eye-witness, published A dis- Felismena in the second book of the Diana, a covery of the Bermudas, otherwise called Isle of Spanish pastoral romance, by George of MonteDivels: by sir Thomas Gates, sir George So-mayor, translated into English by Thomas Wilson. mers, and captayne Newport, with divers others; In the romance, Felix prevails on Felismena's from wbich we learn, that the Bermudas had never attendant to convey a letter to her mistress, been colonised, being considered as under the in- who affects indignation, and rebukes her for preAuence of enchantment; though an addition to sumption ; but the servant readily penetrating her Jourdan's book gravely states, that they are not real' sentiments, drops, as if by accident, the archanted; that Sommers's ship had been split be- rejected billet in her presence. A contest follows tween two rocks; that during his stay on the island, between pride and curiosity; the latter, of course, several conspiracies had taken place; and that a triumphs"; and Felix finds that his love is returned sea monster, in shape like a man, had been seen, who by Felismena. But their happiness is short; the was so called after the monstrous tempests that often lover's father determines he sball travel, and weary bappened at Bermuda. Stowe, in his Annals, of his absence, the lady follows Felix disguised as a peaking of the same shipwreck says, “Sir George page. She arrives at the court to which he had reSomers sitting at bis stearne, seeing the ship paired, and at night, hears a serenade to a lady, desperate of reliefe, looking every minute when which proves
to be given by Felix. She does not be the ship would sinke, hee espied laud, which, ac- tray herself; but secure in her disguise, engages in cording to bis and captaiue Newport's opinion, his service, and is the bearer of letters, presents, they jadged it should be the dreadful coast of the and messages
to her rival. Celia, the new flame of
Felix, becomes enamoured of his page, and dies of Pedro ber servant is drowned, and she escapes 1 grief when her passion is unrequited. Felis leaves land on the captain's chest, which contains tres his residence in despair, the faithful Felismena sare and rich apparel. Disguising herself as attends him, and is happy enough to save bis
she assumes the name of her brother, Silvio life: a reconciliation ensues, and they are united. arrives at Constantinople, and proceeds to be Many of these incidents are copied with circum- lover's palace, to whom she offers herself, and is ri stantial minuteness ; some are altered, and others ceived as a page. She obtains her master's coi altogether omitted in Shakspeare's drama. He lidence, and is employed by him to carry love to has also made several highly judicious additions. kens and letters to Julina, a widow beloved, bu Valentine is a new character ; Launce and his dog fruitlessly, by Apolonius. The lady, though col are entirely our author's; and, on the whole, it is to her lover, falls in love with the supposed pag surprising, that from so meagre a sketch as the ro The flight of Silla is attribated to the villanies mance afforded, he should be able to find inaterials Pedro, and her brother vows to pursue them an for a play, inferior certainly to many of his own, punish her betrayer. He, at length, reaches Cor but to few others.
stantinople, where he encounters Julina, who accos
him as the page of Apolonias, so strong is the r MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR.
semblance between the brother and sister. Silvio The story of this comedy is founded on a tale in curiosity is roused by being so familjarly at Il Pecorone di Ser Giovanni Fiorentino, which no dressed, and judging that she is as wealthy doubt reached the dramatist in a translation, pro- beautiful, he meets her advances, and becomes en bably printed in a collection of novels, bearing the moured of her. But reflecting afterwards on t| whimsical title of The Fortunate, the Deceived, singolarity of the adventure, and that be has and the Unfortunate Lovers.
doubt been mistaken for another, he resolvi A student of Bologna asks his tutor for lessons to quit the city and resune his search after Sill in the science of love, and forming an attachment | When the duke again prefers his suit, Julina tel to a beautiful woman, reports to the pedagogue bim that she loves his page, and Apolonius, mu from time to time the success of his suit. These enraged, casts the supposed criminal into priso disclosures awaken the master's suspicions that no Jalina, anxious for the vindication of her fam other than his own wise is the object of seduction, claims Silvio for her husband. Apolonius, compa and he resolves to ascertain the fact. He acts ac- sionating ber whom he had long tenderly loved, a cordingly, but is foiled by a heap of wet linen disgusted at the supposed duplicity of his pag effectually concealing the gallant from observation. vows to put Silvio to death, unless he makes fi The young man, unconscious that the intrigue is reparation to Julina. No longer able to dissembl with his master's wife, relates his escape, and the Silla asks to speak in private with her accuse consolation he expects that very night in another to whom she reveals her sex, and relates her stor interview. As before, be is watched by his tutor, Apolonius, informed of these particulars, reco and is scarcely allowed to enter the lady's house, vizes the daughter of his benefactor, and stra when a loud knocking proclaims the approach of with admiration at such disinterested love, ma her husband; she admits him, and conceals her fa- ries ber. These events reach the ears of the ri vourite by throwing the oor completely back. Silvio, who hastens back to Constantinople, a As the master rushes in, the pupil escapes, and the his marriage with Julina concludes the novel. wife, knowing that all is secure, catches her hus Here we evidently find the skeleton at least band in her arms, screams violently, calls in her Shakspeare's truly beautiful play, in which, ho neighbours to witness his extravagance, and affects ever, there are many judicious variations from t to believe him mad; while he cuts and stabs the original; and it will at once be obvious, that Agu linen, and talks wildly of a mar concealed in his cheek, Toby Belch, and Malvolio, who, althou house. Search proves this false; and, in the end, they contribute little to the progress of the pl he is laughed at for his folly.
form the most prominent features of the comed Such is the novel of which Shakspeare embodied are wholly the creations of our poet's sertile ima the principal features; but it will be at once per- nation. ceived that the felicitous delineation of character in which it abounds is all his own.
Rowe has pre
MEASURE FOR MEASURE. served a tradition that queen Elizabeth, much de There are three sources from wbich the plot lighted with Falstaff in Henry the Fourth, desired this play might have been taken: Whetstone the bard to write another play, and exhibit the fat Heptameron, 1582, 4to. his Promos and Cassand knight in love, which was done in the Merry 1578, 4to. and a novel of Cinthio Geraldi's ; yet Wives of Windsor. The first draught of this ex is not improbable, that the general outline of t! cellent comedy was written in a fortnight, but was story is founded in fact, as it is told with sor afterwards re-louched and amplified. Ben Jon- variations by many writers. Take the followi son's Kitely seems to be the original of Ford, instances: Lipsius relates, that Charles the Bo which it certainly preceded in point of time. duke of Burgundy, caused one of bis nobles to
put to death for transgressing in the manner th TWELFTH NIGHT.
Angelo would have done ; bui he is first compell The thirty-sixth novel of the second part of Ban- to marry the lady. This event was made the su dello's Tales bears a general resemblance to the ject of a French tragedy, Olivier le Dain, for! plot of this play; but its much nearer aflinity to the wickedness surnamed the Devil, originally t Historie of Apolonius and Silla, in a collection en barber and afterwards the favourite of Louis X titled Rich, bis Farewell to Militarie Profession, is said, in the Memoirs of Philip de Comines, 1583, seems to prove that it was derived from the bave committed a similar offence, for which latter source.
suffered death. Belleforest has a tale, in which Duke Apolonius was wrecked at Cyprus on is related, that a captain who had seduced the wi his return to Constantinople from a crusade. He of one of his soldiers, under a promise to save t is succoured by Pontus the governor, whose husband's life, exhibited him presently afterward daughter, Silla, becomes enamoured of bis guest, through the window of his apartment, suspend who anxious to return home, is insensible to the on a gibbet; and that his commander, the marqu merits of Silla, and departs in ignorance of her at de Brissac, compelling him to marry the wido tachment. This inflames her love; and trusting adjudges him to death. The striking resemblan herself to a faithful servant, she leaves her father's of part of this story to what Hume relates of col court in pursuit of Apolonius. She is wrecked, nel Kirke, will present itself to every reader.