Imágenes de páginas

13th Sept. 1817.]

Loril Amherst's Embassy to China, fr.
Lord Amherst's Embassy to China.

The Alceste and Lyra arrived at the mouth of the Tigris in

November, and were treated with every indignity by the Viceroy The following account of this embassy has appeared in of Canton, who refused a pass for the ships to enter the river, as the periodical publications of the Metropolis, and may had been granted to the Lion on a former occasion ; thus attempt. be considered as in some degree official :

ing to cut off the supply of fresh water and provisions, which could

only be brought on board by stealth after dark; and various other His lordship sailed from Portsmouth on the 9th of February insults were offered. Captain Maxwell, justly considering that 1816, on an Embassy to the Court of Pekin, on board his Ma. the honour of the Aag must suffer by a tame submission, proceed. jesty's frigate Alceste, Captain Murray Maxwell, accompanied by ed up without a pass. The Mandarins strongly manned the forts the Lyra brig of war, and the General Hewitt Indiaman. The containing 110 pieces of cannon) at the Bocca Tigris, and sent out voyage was extraordinary for its rapidity, the ships having traver.

a message, as the ship advanced, that they would sink her (the sed 14,000 miles in 92 days under sail. In the beginning of July | Alceste) if she attempted to pass through. She nevertheless pushed the Embassy arrived on the coast of China, and proceeded up the on, and a warm firing commenced from the forts and their war Yellow sea; having been joined by Sir George Staunton, at the junks, which was immediately returned by the Alceste, which get. Great Lemma, Sir George having been sent down to say the Emring within pistol-shot of their largest fort, a well-aimed broadside bassy would be received with every attention. On the 9th of Au was poured in, which laid a number sprawling, and fairly drove gust the Embassy disembarked safely in the Gulf of Pe Chili, the rest heels over head out of the battery: the ship now proceeded which is not far distant from the capital. Whilst on the journey, up to her safe and proper anchorage, followed, but unmolested, hy every effort was made by the Mandarins to induce his Excellency the war junks. Next day the Viceroy sent down a high Mandarin to comply with the Tartar ceremony of the Ka-tou; which was to congratulate the Captain on his arrival in the river ; this Mandaresisted on the ground of the precedent of Lord Macartney : but rin having passed Captain M. in his way down, who, in the mean. every demonstration of respect, consistent with the dignity of his time, had gone up to Canton, to demand further reparation for the sovereign, and the honour of his nation, was freely offered by his | insult offered to the King's ship. On the 28th of January, the Excellency. This degrading cereinony of kneeling and knocking Alceste and Lyra sailed from Macao Roads: the former having on the head (the literal expression in Chinese) nine times against the board his Excellency and suite, returning froin his mission. Conground, is not only demanded from the ambassadors of all tribu cerning the interior of China little information has been attaineil. tary Kings (as every Sovereign of the world is indiscriminately The people appear to manifest the same determined mind to suffer called.) when in the Imperial presence, but likewise on receiving no innovations in their accustomed habits; but, on the contrary, any message from the Emperor, and on broken victuals being sent

they boast of not having gone out of the beaten track of their foreto them from his table : and this was actually submitted to by the fathers: they are grossly ignorant and sensual. The country in Dutch in 1795. The Chinese were extremely arıxious for the per- general appeared well cultivated. They have no caravans, or road formance of this ceremony by a British ambassador ; and threats, waggons, or any establishment similar to our post; consequently, flatteries, and lies in abundance were used, in order to induce com in the interior, the people had not heard of the Nepaul war, nor, pliance, but all in vain. A most extraordinary scene took place at indeed, did they appear even to know where the country was sia the palace of Yeuen Min-Yeuen, which, with many other singular tuate. It appears impossible to estimate the population, as the circumstances attending the departure from Pekin, and the jour. people are not enrolled, nor has a census ever been taken. But ney of four months through the celestial empire, will very soon be few soldiers were seen; the greatest number of any one body did laid before the public. The Emperor, a man of impetuous and not exceed 600. They are composed of four descriptions of men, capricious disposition, increased by a habit of constant inebriation, viz."matchlocks, (usually in a bad state,) archers, (who occasionally seemed, in his cooler moments, afraid of the consequences of his act as cavalry,) spearmeri, and tigers of war, who are the Empeabrupt dismissal of the Embassy, as appeared by his sending after ror's body guards : they are arined with a short sword and a tarit, to request some exchange of presents, and expressing himself get, and enveloped in a yellow mantle, gorgeously decorated with satisfied of the respectful feelings of the King of England, who tigers' heads, to render their appearance formidable. The King's had sent so far to pay him homage, attributing the whole blame internal revenue is collected in kind, after the manner of our of the affair to the unmannerly conduct of the Ambassador, who tithes : the eollecting junks, wbich are said to amount to 20,000, refused to knock head, as in duty bound, and according to the com set off for the further parts of the Empire, and with the change of mon rules of politeness. The Embassy, on the tours through the monsoon from the westward, they all return and unload their China, experienced the most perfect respect. The Alceste and cargoes of all species of grain into the public granaries, from Lyra, after landing the Embassy, were employed in surveys; the whence it is sold to the public; this, and the customs from the ex. former taking the Gulf of Leatory and coast of Corea, the latter port of their manufactures at Canton, comprise the entire source the south-western coast of that Gulf. The Alceste went as far as of their revenue-excepting only the sale of the Governorship, the junction of the great wall of China with the sea, which was which emolument goes into the private purse of the Emperor. seen from the ship. Both ships joined company at Che-a-Tou, or Ze-a-Tou islands. The true positions of the coasts and islands of Chinese Tartary, and much useful hydrographical knowledge, American discovered on an uninhal ited Rock. 'were obtained, whereby fortner errors are corrected. Steering af. terwards for the Corean shore, they found former geographical

Mr Powell, commander of the Queen Charlotte, on descriptions of it miserably defective ; and an archipelago of islands, his arrival at Madras, in October last, communicated the hitherto unknown to exist, were discovered. Many were christen- following account of a man who had been the solitary ed with particular names, and correct charts made of the true po- inbabitant, for nearly three years, of a rock 21 miles sition of the whole. The ships then proceeded to the southward of Japan, and arrived at the Lieun Kieon islands. More hydro.

N.W. of Nooaheevah, one of ile Alarquesas :graphical knowledge was obtained, and an intimate acquaintance Early in 1914, he proceeded thither from Nooaheevah formed with the natives, of whom, hitherto, little was known, and with four others, all of whom had left an American ship themselves scarcely knowing any thing about the rest of the world.

there, for the purpose of procuring feathers that were in At Grand Leuchen, the chief of this kingdom of islands, the ships refitted, among a race of people as extraordinary for their dimi bigh estimation among the natives of Noosheevah; bat nutive size as for their general character. They are of great an

losing their boat on the rock, three of the number in a tiquity and considerable civilization--possess inuch of the rigid, short time perished through famine and thirst. His fourth natural jealously and reserve of their neighbours, the Japanese companion continued with him but a few weeks, when he and Chinese. On further acquaintance, they were found an in. farned the resolution of attempting to swim, with the aid teresting people; in the highest degree kind and hospitable ; and after a stay of six weeks, both parties separated with evident proofs of a splintered fragment which remained of their boat, to of mutual regret.

an-island, in which effort he must inevitably have pe

Religius Instilutions, &c.

[13th Sepi 1817 rished. He had once himself attempted to quit his forlorn from almost every province of India, employed in the situation by constructing a catamaran, birt failed. The work of translation, seemed to interest the company great. fire which those men had taken with them from Nooahee 1y. To improve the minds of the younger members, a rab having been accidentally extinguished, he was ena select religious library has been instituted; and, to train bled to rekindle bis fire by nieans of three or four grains them up in the practire of Christian benevolence, a socieof gunpowder and the lock of a gun which he had pre- ty has been formed for visiting and relieving the poor. served. The flesh and blood of wild birds were bis : The Old and New Testaments are now translated, prine-o!e aliment: with the latter he quenched his thirst in ed, and extensively circulated, in the languages of Bengal reasons of long droughts, and the skulls of his departed and Orissa, the population of which exceeds thirty milcompanions were his only drioking vessels. The disco lions. The New Testament is printed in five other lanvery made of him was altogether accidental : the rock guages--the Salnskrit, Hindoo, Mabratta, Punjabee, was known to be desolate and barren ; and the appears and Chinese. Some progress is made in translations of the ance of a file as the vessel passed it on an evening, led Old Testament into the saine languages. Preparations to an examination which proved fortunate to the forlora are also making for translating the New Testament into inhabitant of the rock, in procuring his removal to Nooa thirty-seven other languages. Dr Marsham bas comheevah, whither Mr Powell conveyed bin, and left him pleted tlre translation of the whole Bible into the Chinese under the care of an Enropean of the name of Wilson, tongue. Thus, in about eleven years, the scriptures who had resided there many years, and with whom the have been communicated to upwards of Three hundred Hiermit was previously acquainted.

millions of people.

The fourth anniversary of the Russian Bible Society

was held at St Petersburgh on the 7th of June 1817.-Ciprie and Diappointment.

Many of the most distinguished personages, both in church An Artist, eminent in bis profession, but well known for and state, honoured the meeting will their presence. his caprice and uncourteous freedom of remark, while vi. was stated, that the commistee bave either published, or siting at the house of a gentleman in Edinburgh, was so are engaged in the pablication of forty-three editions of struck with the features of a young lady, that he made a che scriptores, in seventeen languages, forming a grand voluntary offer to sketch ber profile. All present were total of 196,000 copies. Preparations are making for delighted with his onexpected frankness; one produced a stereotype editions of the scriptures in five different lanblack-lead pencil; another burried to bring paper; and guages, the Russian Tartar, Carelian, Turkish, Armea third presented a drawing board. But the wayward- nian, and Barat Mongolian. ness of genius would yield no farther ; all solicitude in The Methodist Missionary Society obtained, during the procuring proper materials for the work was vain ; every past year, the sum of £.20,000 in furtherance of its object. proposal was rejected; the artist himself had made his Monks of La Trappe. On the 28th July fifty monks choice of the board of a huge French folio which lay on of this order arrived at Nantes, from England, where they the table, and for which no entreaty could induce him to had remained during their exile. An English gentleman, substitute any thing else ; and the figure was to be drawn Mr Weld, generously gave them an asylum for twentywith chalk only. A spirited likeness was produced in a two years. They embarked at Weymouth on the 10th few minutes, and was greatly admired. The work was July, on board a French frigate, and they brought with scarcely finished, when a gentleman of high literary dis- them those implements of agriculture which are of the tinction entered the room, joined in the admiration, and most improved kind, and for the exportation of which the expressed a wish to see a sketch of himself; the Artist English government gave free permission. They are now readily complied, and in two minutes the gentleman's going to the ancient abbey of La Meillerrie, which le. profile graced the other board of the same book, and was longed to their order in the time of St Bernard, and equally applauded as an accurate representation. But which has now been restored to them by the King.-while the latter was in progress, the former had nearly | Among their number are several Englishmen, it is said, vanished from the opposite board; and such being the wbo have attached themselves to the order. These monks transitorv nature of these precious efforts of the graphic bave presented to the captain of the frigate a valuable art, the recollection of the Artist's caprice, and of their sword, the dying gift to the convent of one of the bretbown disappointment, was all that soon remained to the ad. || ren who had used it in support of his sovereign. mirers of his genius and rapid execution.

The recent installation of the Trappists has drawn

forth the particulars of an inquiry which Bonaparte orReligious Institutions, &c.

dered to be instituted in 1810, on the Trappists of St.

Antony, residing in the neighbourhood of Antwerp. Thie The settlement of Serampore, in consegnenee of the Ex-Emperor was apprehensive that certain commotions, Peace, has been restored to the Danes; but no change hias which agitated at once a district of Switzerland and the taken place in the situation of the Baptist Missionaries. frontiers of Spain, were secretly fomented by religious Towards the close of the year 1815 they were bonoured orders, which (though not without multiplied proofs of rith a visit from the Marquis and Marchioness of Hast- aversion and contempt) he still suffered to exist.

His inge, the Bishop of Calcutta, with several other persons suspicions were partly directed to the brotherhood of La of distinction, who inspected the establishment, and ap- Trappe, and he sent a Public Functionary to make a repeared highly pleased. The sight of learned Hindeos, port on the occasion. On the arrival of this officer near

13th Sept. 1817.]
Religious Institutions, fc.

9 Antwerp, he found about twenty of these friars, of various i hansen. She has since been refused permission to reside ages, and of French and Flemisha extraction, established in the kingdom of Wurtemberg. After having harangued on a wild and sterile heath, which resisted all their efforts the Jews at Gaillingen and Bandegg, whom she deto cultivate. Several of the confraternity were absent in clared to be the peculiar people of God, she proceeded in imploring the alms of the faithful. This circumstance, her journey. Not being allowed to remain in some plaand the distance in which their habitation was placed ces above 24 hours, she proceeded, on the 1st of August, from all the high roads, incontestably proved their claims to Houbin, a canton of Thurgovia. She there awaits the were but slight to be considered as an oráre hospitalier ! answer of the Government of St Gall, from which she As little could they be employed in superintending the bad solicited permission to establish herself in that caneducation of youth, for the silence which they imposed on ton. While expecting it, her missionaries preach at themselves rendered such functions impracticable. As Houb, sometimes from the windows, sometimes in the for their agricultural labours, and the produce of their in fields, calling the baroness a prophetess. She berself dustry, it was demonstrated that five husbandmen would preaches with all the enthusiasm of an ardent and fanatic cultivate the ground more efficaciously than their whole so- spirit. She distributes every day, bread, and some hunciety. The appearance of these cenobites was squalid and dreds of measures of economical soup. Her adherents repulsive-their bones literally were piercing through their receive them on their knees like a gift from God. Her skin, and their intellectual faculties, from unremitting ordinary suite is composed of about 40 persons ;, among austerities and intense silence, were as dreadfully dete- | whom are remarked, Madame de Berekeim, two proriorated as their physical. The superior, the law agent, testant ministers, and a lame woman who has brought and the porter, were alone dispensed from the extreme ri- | ber a contribution of 10,000 florins. Her' adherents gour of the law of silence. The other members of the are in the habit of saying, “ We call no one ; but those community were allowed one last irord to their fellow who are the elect of God will follow us," creatures, but that was in the agony of death, and to confess their past transgressions. At the moment of this inspection, a wretch extended on an iron couch excited all

Statistics and Geographical Mathematics. the commiseration of the visitor; for though he was writhing with pain, he was not deemed sufficiently ill to be al. The following is the black population of the Antilles lowed to explain the symptoms of bis malady to the me and on the continent of America, from the late work of dical brother, who consequently prescribed, as it is natu- M. Pradt. ral to presume, with unaided conjectural science. In a Antilles,

1,600,000 word, every thing in and connected with the establish Brazils,

1,500,000 ment seemed so revolting to the mind of a civilized being, Spanish America, .

.600,000 that the inspector forwarded to the Emperor a report,

United States, in 1810, 1,377,310 which was almost immediately answered by a decision of the


5,077,310 minister of worship, Portalis, ordering the dissolution of the The black population of the United States is almost encommunity, and the delivery of passports for each of these tirely concentrated in the southern states : the northern wretched monks, to return into the bosom of his family, are not included in the account. after baving, by a more succulent diet, imbibed force The president of the United States has issued a proclaegough to undertake the journey. This religious order mation, directing the sale of no less than 800,000 acres had one repast at two o'clock, consisting of bread soaked of land, recently acquired from the Creek Indiáns. in water, without salt. Since the renewal of the ancient M. Eichoff, who was director general of the tolls tarules by the Abbé de Rancé, during the reign of Louis ken on the Rhine during the nine years which that estabXIV. bis monks abstained from wine, fish, and eggs; all lishment lasted, has published at Cologne a topographical kind of meat was of course prohibited.

picture of that river. This work was originally intended Madame Krudener.-The continually increasing num. for the information of the congress at Vienna. The first ber of idle and licentious vagabonds, who flocked partly section relates to the topography and statistics, its navigafrom the neighbouring cantons to this woman, made it tion and commerce on both banks. In the second, the impossible for the police of Lucerne longer to suffer the Rhine is presented under the aspect of a central stream, disorder. On the 3d of July, therefore, the prophetess to which might be united, without any extraordinary difand her suite departed, escorted by officers of the police,ficulties, all the rivers of France, and even those of Gerto Zurich. She alighted near the city, and expressed a many and Russia. The third section contains a view of the wish to remain there some weeks; the police of the can police, ancient and modern, of the Rbine, and of the tolls ton refused it, with the more reason, as above half a hun-paid. The fourth is taken up with explanations of a new dred beggars had followed her thither from Lucerne, for system for duties receivable on this and other rivers. whom the ex-professor Lachenal of Basle, who accompa

Parallel between Scotland and Ireland. - It appears nies her, requested quarters to be provided. The very from Sir John Sinclair's Report, that Scotland

possesses next day the dwelling of this strange woman was be-only 1,804,864 souls, or about one third part of the supsieged by a crowd of vagabonds, inquiring after her posed population of Ireland, and yet in the year 1813 (the ladyship, who distributed money. Her adherents in the period at which the report was completed, the people city were not ashamed to visit her, but on the 5th she paid £.4,204,097 - 7.9d of net revenue, exclusively of departed, escorted by an officer of the police, for Schaff- || the expence of management and drawbacks. This com



Statistics and Geographical Intelligence.- Natural History, fc: [13th Sept. 1817. paratively immense som amounts to within about half á ll for the purpose of terminating his observations with Rams. million of the net revenue of Ireland, and it exhibits, || den's Zenith sector, and then of connecting the chief most clearly, this important fact-namely, that the peo- points in the triangulation; the latter, in order to witness ple" of Scotland are able to bear a rate of taxation exceed the phenomena of the aurora boreales in those bigh latiing that of Ireland in the proportion of three to one, or, tudes. Dr Gregory, baving ascertained what is techniin plain language, a Scotchman pays three pounds to the cally denominated “the rate” of Pennington's Astronostate for every one paid by an Irisbmán-and, by the same mical clock at Balta, in north latitude 67. 45. proposes rule, Ireland, instead of paying only £.4,822,264,13"11d staying a short time at Aberdeen, for the purpose of asof net revenue, which was the amount in the year 1813, certaining the rate of the same clock there, by means of ought, on this accountalone, to afford £.14,466,798.1.104 | astronomical observations with the excellent instruments annually, without burthening the people more heavily than in the observatory at Marischal college. These, with sithey are in Scotland. But Ireland enjoys local advanta, milar experiments, to be subsequently repeated at the ges superior to those of Caledonia, in as far as her soil Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and M. Biot's exand climate are more favourable to the productions of the periments on pendulums in Unst, at Leith, and France, earth. But, in comparing the circumstances of tle two will furnish some important data in reference to the figure countries, there is another consideration of the utmost im- of the terrestrial spheroid, and the variations of gravity portance that bears upon the question. The total extent on different parts of its surface. The death of Professor of Scotland includes nearly nineteen millions of English Buggé, to whom the task bad been confided by Denmark, acres, of which only 5,013,050 are fully or partially cul- occasioned a slvort interruption : a commission of three of tivated: - The total extent of Ireland may be estimated at ficers and two professors having just been appointed, the more than twenty millions of English acres, of wbich | business will now be resumed. 15,000,000 are fully or partially cultivated. Here we M. Brunn, who is appointed inspector of the proceedfind that the people of the latter country bave the superi- ings of the Danish commission, has communicated to the ority over those of the former, in the proportion of nearly royal society of sciences, a statistic and economic view three to one, in all that relates to the products of the soil,'| of Denmark, founded on geographical authorities, and the which are, in fact, the primary source of national wealth. statistical estimate of Switzerland. In regard to the quality of soil and climate, Ireland possesses an advantage over Scotland that may be estimated in the proportion of three to two-in reference to ber ca

Natural History, fc. pabilities for manufactures, she may be supposed equal ; but, in relation to facilities for commerce, she again bas Earthquakes in North America. The shock contithe superiority; and, without calculating minutely, it may nued about 45 seconds, and was felt from Boston to Portbe fairly stated, that the resources of Ireland exceed those land, St. Andrews, and Frederickton, near 400 miles ; of Scotland as three to one, in calculating from popula- and in another line of a similar distance and parallel dition--as three to one in extent of productive soil ---and as rection, taking the opposite side of the bay of Fundy in three to two in the quality of that soil. It therefore fol- its route, and going through Grand Passage, Digby, Anlows, that if the capabilities of Ireland were equally well napolis, Windsor, &c. extending, there is reason to bebrought into action as those of the sister country, the re- lieve, still farther in each end of this line. venue of the former should amount to about six times the Sinking of a Village.-On the 26th of January 1814, revenue of the latter, or to something about twenty-five the village of Lizzero, situated on the mountain of Pismillions sterling, without the people of Ireland being more toia, was involved in destruction by the falling to pieces heavily loaded with taxes than those of Scotland, and, at or crumbling of the mountain, without any visible cause. the same time, they ought to enjoy a similar degree of The whole village, so lately the babitation of man, had comfort and happiness, which is not the case. Witbout, entirely disappeared at the end of three days. A partihowever, carrying the statement to the full amount it cular account of this fatal phenomenon was read at a might seem to bear, we shall renounce a great part of the meeting of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Milan,


that Ireland could have afforded from twelve || in June 1816. to fifteen millions of net revenue, if 'hér moral and physi Tea Shrub. At the same meeting, a memoir was cal resources had- been properly applied. But Ireland, it read on the cultivation of this shrub in the north of Italy, is affirmed, could not at present bear taxation to this ex. especially in Lombardy. It is certain that this shrub tent--and why? To solve the question, we must enter in- grows in the north of China, where the climate and temto a course of serious investigation, which may form the perature differ but little from those of Italy : tbat it may subject of a future article on this highly important and in. be naturalized, cannot be doubted. teresting topic." - Dublin paper.

Meteoric Stones.-At the sitting of the Society of NaGeographical measurements of the earth's surface are tural History at Halle, July 6, 1816, M. Chladni submitnow in progress by the associated mathematicians of seve- ted to the inspection of the members a collection of stones ral nations.—Dr Olinthus Gregory and Captain Mudge, which had fallen from the atmosphere. Dr Kastner was who formed a part of the scientific association which of opioion that these stones are natives of other celestial quittéd Aberdeen for Zetland isles a few weeks ago, have bodies ; and as they are analogous to the minerals of our Lately returned from thence. Captain Colby and M. globe, be in ferred a similarity in the inhabitants of some Biot remain in Zetland a few weeks longer ; the former, of the different planets.

som, and


13th Sept. 1817.]
Natural History, &c.

Hail Stones.—This year has been remarkable, not on six and seven inches in diameter was found growing un-
ly for the frequency of hail, but for its excessive size.- der it. In a few days, the adjoining stone was observed
In some parts of Switzerland the storms of bail have to have been raised in like manner, and on removing it,
produced the most disastrous effects. In July last, a to the surprise of many witnesses of the fact, two mush-
shower of bail occasioned much damage in Lower Hun rooms were found under it, of nearly the same size as the
gary. Some persons, and a considerable number of cattle, other.
were killed. The largest piece of ice which history nen Excursion of a Pigeon. Those who have attended to
tions to have fallen, was one that fell at Autun in 824, the habits and manners of the inferior animals, have been
sixteen feet long. Some of an extraordinary size were often struck with the remarkable predilection of some of
seen to fall on the Orcades islands in 1680; in Bohemia them for human society. Laying aside their natural
in 1720, in the Duchy of Wurtzbourg in 1739; and in character, whether for the purpose of obtaining food or
France in 1740, on which occasion they were a foot long : protection, they attach and accommodate themselves to
at Potsdam, in 1767, an ox was killed by some bailstones The dog is proverbially bis steady companion and
which fell of the size of an ordinary gourd. Some were faithful friend; the hog, generally charged with grose-
found in the environs of Namur, in 1717, which weighed ness and stupidity, has followed the sportsman, and per-
eight pounds each ; and in the present year, on the 4th of formed to admiration the delicate service of the pointer;
July, they are said to have been found at Munich of the and a spider was long the only living associate of a pri-
size of a hen's egg.

soner immured in the dungeons of the Bastile ; and even Inundations. The snow which had been accumulating of this feeble solace of captivity, this last object on which on the tops of several mountains during five winters has affection could fix itself, the cruelty of a keeper deprived been entirely melted in the course of the last six weeks. his miserable victim. But without indulging in such ob

in consequence overflowed, and the servations, which might be greatly extended, the followcrops destroyed. A great part of the city of Basle baving ing little history of a pigeon may. amuse some of our been inundated on the 6th ult. the citizens crossed the readers ; streets in boats. The Rbine continually brought down. In the course of last winter, a solitary pigeon bad tatrees, parts of buildings, and dead animals. At Constance ken up its abode at a house in the western parts of Midthe lake was much higher than in 1666, and even some Lothian. It was the only inhabitant of its kind in the inches higher than in 1566. Many communes are under place, was admitted to the kitchen, soon became familiar water, and it is feared will continue go for a long time. with the servants, and sometimes accompanied them in In the Lower Rhinthel, the water which covered the their daily occupations in the fields. In the early part fields and roads was three leagues in circumference, and of summer, a party who were only occasional inmates in was navigable among the half-ruined houses. Pieces of the house, and had been there but three or four days at the soil were seen floating about, torn up by the fury of the that time, set out on an expedition to the western extrewaters, covered with potatoes, vegetables, and hay. The mity of the Pentland hills, and directed their route along bridge of Landau, with several others in the Oberland, the windings of a stream which is one of the branches of has been carried away.

the Water of Leith. When they were out of sight of Applications of Steam. The academy of sciences and the house, and nearly a mile distant, the pigeon alighted belles lettres of Brussels, which was founded in 1772 by at their feet, was immediately hailed as a companion of the Empress Maria Theresa, has resumed its labours the journey, became an object of solicitude and attention since the restoration of peace. Among other questions to all, and was encouraged to proceed by being fed with proposed for the subjects of prize dissertations is one that crumbs of biscuit. As the party advanced towards the perhaps might be of use among ourselves, What are the foot of the hills, they frequently rested on the verdant applications of which steam is 'susceptible, as the means banks, to enjoy the sweets of the pastoral scene--the of communicating warmth in manufactories, and also for bleatings of the sportive lambs—the soft murmuring of the purposes of domestic economy?

the stream--and the balmy zephyrs which moderated Perambuluting Society. A society for the promotion the sun's heat, and produced one of the finest days of the of natural philosophy has been established ai Geneva, season ;-all which was heightened by the presence of which is to assemble during three days in the cities of their feathered friend, the emblem of purity and innoSwitzerland, in rotation, and to make excursions in the The pigeon generally remained behind at the neighbourhood of the places of meeting. The society met resting-place, and when the party proceeded, and were at Berne in October last, under the presidency of M. out of sight, it took a flight to reach them. Wyttenbach, who opened the session with a discourse on Approaching to the foot of the Pentlands, a lady of the objects and importance of their association. The ex the party, not choosing to attempt the ascent, returned, periments and information communicated on this occasion, and was anxious to be accompanied by the pigeon, and included the safety-lamp of Sir H. Davy, the luminous particularly as the appearance of hawks hovering about pile of Dr Wollaston, and the new azimuth compass of excited some fears for its safety. It seemed at first to Kater.

hesitate, flew towards the lady, but, determined to exMushrooms.-A few weeks ago, one of the flag-stones tend its journey, changed its course, and took a fight of the new pavement in Basingstoke was observed to have to the place which the gentlemen had reached, and, in risen nearly one inch and a half above its proper situa- the same way, attended them to the summit of the ridge. tion, and on taking up the stone, a mushroom of between || Several times it remained long behind, and was altoge


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