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100
Coal and Iron Mines of Scotland.

[ November 8, 1817. Callander at length appeared, in a menting, that the ingenious supporters of At Cleland, belonging to Mr Dalrymple, beautiful valley, surrounded by planta- these opposite systems of the origin of all it is found to be 22 feet 9 inches in tions of fir ; but the road to it was cir: things are so much taken up with finding thickness ; at Fullarton, 241 feet; at cuitous, and we were by no means inclined out the cause, that they pay little atten- Faskine, the property of the Messrs Scir. to take a round-about. Mathematics in- tion to the effect.

ling, 25 feet 8 inche s; at Gariongil, formed us, that the diameter of a circle Coul, iron, leud, copper, tin, and gold, belonging to the Earl of Hyndford, and is somewhat less than the circumference; are not worthy their attention or search. Sir James Stewart Denham, it actually so we proceeded in a direct line towards They are left to the industry of an infe. measures 39 feet; at Johnstone, near the town. After passing through some rior class of beings, such as coal-viewers Paisley, it is upwards of 70 feet thick in clover and wheat fields, what was our and iron men, Cornish tin-men copperchagrin, in beholding before us—the smiths, Watt and Bolton men, Wilkin Nor can it be said that coal is the Teith, which we must cross, before we sons, Crawshaws, Williamses, Edingtons, only mineral found in these districts. could enter the town; or retrace our Cadells, Bairds, Wedgewoods, and a Below the coal are found very rich beds steps, and pursue the road we had left ! thousand others, workers in iron and of time and iron-stone intermingled, and - This would never do.” “ Down, down, clay, but who perbaps bave done more also abundance of fire clay and potters' busy devil, and try it again !” The town good, and employed more people, and clay. The iron-stone is sometimes found was immediately opposite ;-we were too occasioned more trade, than all the geo- in bands alternately with the coal, somenear the Hesperian fruit to think of re. logists and geognosists bitherto in exist- times with the lime-stone ; but every treating. There was but one alternative : ence, with all their discoveries of trap where in such abundance are these lots were cast, and the cup was found tuff, greenstone, and graystone.

minerals, that hardly any thing equal in Benjamin's sack,”—and l'immediately We bave been led to these reflections to the extent of this field of coal, ironstripped off shoes and stockings to per- from attending a very experienced prac. stone, time-stone, and materials for all form the part of a pack-borse, in the con- tical miner from the Principality, in a kinds of pottery, is anywhere to be veyance of my associates across the river. little excursion to view what we had found. (To be continued. Haral. heard called the Glasgow coal, from The highest elevation in which these

which we supposed that the coal was con minerals are deposited is nearly 800 feet

fined to that city and its environs : above the level of the sea, and it has Coul and Iron Mines of Scotland.

but, gentle reader, you may well guess been found, by actual surveys, practicaIn Scotland a mighty noise has been our surprise and astonishment, when we ble to form communications to the sea by raised about Geognosy and Geology, and a found, from indubitable evidence, that Glasgow on the west, and by Edinburgh woful contention between Plutonists and this coal extends from the collieries of and Leith on the east, to all these fields Neptunists; the former deriving the ori- Glasgow in the west, to the collieries of of minerals, either by navigable canals, gin of all things from fire, and the latter Gariongil and Dalserf in the east-a or by rail-reads, by which these inesfrom water. The Plutonists, or fiery stretch of about twenty miles : and through haustible treasures would be rendered philosophers, are also accused of being all this stretch the river Clyde is the accessible, and might employ many milrank whigs and democrats ; whereas the trough, or, in other words, the coal seams lions sterling of capital, and afford emwatery gentlemen are the zealous sup on each side of the river are found dip- ployment to an immense number of peoporters of arbitrary power and aristocra- ping towards it. The breadth of this ple. tical government, and would send, to the coal field is various. It is confined on. Considering this subject of great nainquisition, and to the fiery furnace of the the north by the Shotts bills; but to the tional importance at the present moment, Plutonists, all who hesitate to believe in south of these hills it extends to within we shall perhaps take it up again, and the infallible doctrines of the late pontiff twenty miles of the city of Edinburgb; lay before our readers some other interestof their church, the excellent Werner, and extends to the west through the ing particulars.

M. whose memory ought to be venerated by county of Ayr to the sea coast, and is all who love the study of Nature in her said even to be found in Ireland, at Bally. most secret recesses. To him we owe castle, in the county of Antrim.

Remarks on Mr Owen's Plans of ameliothe beautiful and excellent method of dis The immense extent of coal in these rating the condition of Manufacturers. tinguishing the objects of mineralogical districts is not easily to be conceived.

(Continued from No. 3, page 55.) study by their external characters, which, A survey of that between Edinburgh and although unfortunately disguised by the Glasgow has been made by the late of the late Mr David Dale render

the

The worth and benevolent character pedantry of some of his followers, will be Messrs Grieve and Taylor, mineral suradmired by all the students of this branch veyors of eminence, by which it is compu. following account of his management of of science for its admirable simplicity and ted that the coal stretches, with little in the cotton mills at New Lanark partiaccuracy.

terruption, in one solid mass, from within cularly interesting. The present head of the fiery race, we twenty miles of Edinburgh, as before sta Patriæ pietatis imago. Virg. Æn. 7. 824. are told, has been for more thad a twelve- ted, over 55,000 acres, or about 110square An image of paternal tenderness. month past in the neighbourhood of Ve- miles, all the seams of which are compu In the year 1784, the late Mr Dale, suvius and Etna, to try if he can obtain ted at the average thickness of five yards. of Glasgow, founded a manufactory for some more immediate communication with But although this might seein an exag- spinning cotton near the falls of the the agents of the Plutonian system, and we gerated rate of average for all the seams, Clyde in the county of Lanark in Scotmay soon expect some extraordinary in it will be found below the truth. Many land; and about that period cotton mills formation on this infernal subject. noble veins are every where 7 and 8, were first introduced into the northern

In the meantime, we cannot belp la- many 9, and some 14 feet in thickness. part of the kingdom.

November 8, 1917.) Remarks on the Plans of ameliorating the condition of Manufacturers.

101 It was the power which could be ob- right in his own eyes, and vice and im- | with impatience and anxiety to the ex® tained from the falls of water, which in morality prevailed to a monstrous ex- piration of their apprenticeship of sever, duced Mr Dale to erect bis mills in this tent. The population lived in idleness, eight, or dine years; wbich generally exsituation, for in other respects it was not in poverty, in almost every kind of crime; pired when they were from thirteen to well chosen ; the country around was un consequently in debt, out of health, and in fifteen years old : at this period of life, cultivated, the inhabitants were poor and misery. Yet, to make matters still worse, unaccustomed to provide for themselves, few in number, and the roads in the neigh-although the cause proceeded from the and unacquainted with the world, they bourhood so bad, that the Falls, now so ee best possible motive, a conscientious ad usually went to Edinburgh, or Glasgow, lebrated, were then unknown to strangers. herence to principle--the whole was un. where boys and girls were soon assailed

It was therefore necessary to collect a der a strong sectarian influence, which by the inpumerable temptations which all new population, to supply the infant es gave a marked and decided preference to large towns present, and to wbich many tablishment with labourers. This, how- one set of religious opinions over all others, of them fell sacrifices. ever, was po light task ; for all the re. and the professors of the favourite opinions Thus Mr Dale's arrangements and gularly - trained Scotch peasantry dis. were the privileged of the community. kind solicitude for the comfort and bapdained the idea of working early and The - boarding house containing the piness of these children were rendered, late, day after day, within cotton mills. children presented a very different scene in their ultimate effects, almost nugatory. Two modes then only remained of obtain- The benevolent proprietor spared no ex. They were bired by him, and sent to be ening these labourers: the one, to procure pence to give comfort to the poor chil. ployed, and without their labour he could children from the various public charities dren. The rooms provided for them were not support them ; but while under bis of the country; and the other, to induce spacious, always clean and well ventila- care, he did all that any individual, cirfamilies to settle round the works. ted; the food was abundant, and of the cumstanced as he was, could do for his

To accommodate the first, a large best quality ; the clothes were neat and fellow.creatures. The error proceeded house was erected, which ultimately con- useful; a surgeon was kept in constant from the children being sent from the tained about 500 children, who were pay, to direct how to prevent or to cure work-houses at an age much too young procured chiefly from workbouses and disease ; and the best instructors wbich for employment; they ought to have been charities in Edinborgh. These children the country afforded were appointed to detained four years longer, and educawere to be fed, clothed, and educated; teach such branches of education as were ted; and then some of the evils which and these duties Mr Dale performed with deemed likely to be useful to children in followed would have been prevented. the unwearied benevolence which it is their situation. Kind and well-disposed If such be a true picture, Mr Owen well known he possessed.

persons were appointed to superintend adds, and not overcharged, of parish apTo obtain the second, a village was all their proceedings. Nothing, in short, prentices to our manufacturing system, built, and the houses were let at a low at first sight seemed wanting to render it under the best and most humane regurent to such families as could be indu- a most complete charity.

lations, in what colours must it be exhi. ced to accept employment in the mills : But to defray the expense of these bited under the worst ! but such was the general dislike to that well. devised arrangements, and support Mr Dale was advancing in years ; he occupation at the time, that, with a few ex- the establishment generally, it was abso had no son to succeed bim: and finding ceptions, only persons destitute of friends, lutely necessary that the children should the consequences just described to be the employınent, and character, were found be employed within the mills, from six result of all his strenuous exertions, for willing to try the experiment, and of these o'clock in the morning till seven o'clock the improvement and happiness of his a sufficient number, to supply à constant in the evening, summer and winter; and fellow.creatures, it is not surprising that increase of the manufactory, could not after these bours their education com- he became disposed to retire from the be obtained. It was tberefore deemed a menced. The directors of the public cares of the establishment. He accord. favour on the part even of such indivi- charities, from mistaken economy, would ingly sold it to some English merchants duals to reside at the village, and when not consent to send the children under and manufacturers, one of whom, Mr taught the business, they grew so valuable their care to cotton mills, unless the chil. Owen, undertook the management of the to the establishment, that they became dren were received by the proprietors at concern, and fixed bis residence in the agents, not to be governed contrary to the ages of six, seven, and eight. Mr midst of this population. their own inclinations.

Dale was under the necessity of receiv- We propose in a future number to give Mr Dale's principal avocations were ing them at those ages, or of stopping the an account of Mr Owen's management, at a distance from the works, which he manufactory he had commenced. and the modification under which his sys. seldom visited more than once, for a few It is not to be supposed that children so tem, he thinks, may be extended throughhours in three or four montbs: he was young could remain, with the interval of out all the large manufactories of the therefore under the necessity of committing meals only, from six in the morning un- kingdom, and even to agriculturing vilthe management of the establishment to til seven in the evening, in constant em- lages, and to the employments of the poor various servants, with more or less power. ployment on their feet within cotton in general.

Those who have a practical knowledge mills, and afterwards acquire much proof mankind, will readily anticipate the ficiency in education : and so it

proved; character which a population so collected for many of them became dwarfs in body | Remarks on the defective method of In. and constituted would acquire ; it is there and mind, and some of them were de.

struction in Writing. fore scarcely necessary to state, that the formed. Their labour thro’ the day, and It was observed by Lord Chesterfield, community, by degrees, was formed under their education at night, became so irk that be who possessed the use of his eyes, these circumstances into a very wretch some, that numbers of them continually and right band, bad the formation of his ed society; every man did that which was ran away, and almost all looked forward handwriting entirely in his own power.

102

Defective Method of Instruction in Writing.--Walks in Edinburgh. [November 8, 1817. If there were any truth in this remark, some capital error, in the usual mode of Scotland, while he was engaged in a tour. he character of every hand would de giving instructions in this branch of edu- nament in her presence; and it is said, that pend solely on the taste of the writer : cation, has generally prevailed, and it is during this exbibition he rode up, at full the validity of this opinion would there- pretty obvious that this error must be gallop, the steep part of the north-west side fore strengthen the assertion of Lavater, want of methode Masters who are ca of the Calton bill. The tales of tradition, that "the character of every individual pable of executing in a superior style however obscured by fable, or clouded with may be traced in his handwriting ;” for themselves, are apt to place too much error, derive their origin, in most cases, if every one wrote agreeably to his own confidence in their own examples : thus from some real event, and in many they taste, it would be no difficult matter to the scholar, from having a beautiful piece may be traced to their foundation. With distinguish the writing of the formal pe- of writing placed before him, without any tbis view I was induced to direct my redant from that of the dashing man of certain method by which he may be ena- searches lately to discover whether the fashion ; or to discover the difference of bled to copy it, becomes embarrassed, and story above alluded to had any cponecstyle in the characters formed by the seldom effects more tban an awkward tion with true history; and I find that simple man of taste and elegance, and imitation, or if he succeeds in a more cor- James II. in the year 14.56, granted to those of the affected coxcomb. It would rect imitation, it is effected with too much the inhabitants of Edinburgh ebat piece indeed, in some respects, contribute to the pains to be of service to him in future life. of ground which is now called,Greenside, general welfare of society, if this chimera The most general complaint is, that for the purpose of holding tills and tours were a reality, for in that case it would fluency of style, and legibility of charac- naments. The tradition relative to the be in vain for the pen of the hypocrite ter, are rarely united in the writing of an

martial exercises of the youthful Darnley to express different sentiments to those individual; the hand that is remarkable thus acquires some degree of probability wbich are concealed in the private reces- for legibility being generally written with although it appears that a convent of ses of his own bosom ; deceptious lan- much pains, as is obvious from the stiff-Carmelite friars was erected on the same guage would avail bim nothing, since the ness of its appearance ; while the more ground in 1520, before the time of Mary, mere formation and connection of his modern current band is frequently com- yet part of it may have been reserved or letters would expose bis duplicity and posed of such balf-formed characters that occasionally employed for the rude amuse-' stamp bis real character.

is difficult to discover the meaning of the ments of the age. The progress of the There doubtless are but few who are writer:

Reformation was fatal to the religious not convinced of the erroneousness of A system of writing, that would unite establishment; for the same ground was Lord Chesterfield's opinion, since dailyex- the fluency of the epistolary with the occupied, in 1591, by a Lazar-house, or perience proves, that many persons, whose perspicuity of the school-hand, has long hospital for persons afflicted with leprosy. good sense must enable them to appre- been a desideratum ; and it is rather to This institution was endowed by Jobn ciate the advantages of a free and legible be wondered at, that in an age when Robertson, merchant in Edinburgh, from manuscript, are, nevertheless, obliged to every other art has made such rapid ad gratitude for some signal interposition of labour under the disadvantage of writ- vances, there should have been so little Divine providence, and with the permising in a manner that is almost unintelli. attention paid to the improvement of this sion of the town-council of Edinburgh, gible; while others, whose elegant style of important one ; for, with the exception of the buildings were erected on the site language evince their superiority, might, one celebrated professor, now in Edin- of the monastery. Tbe statutes and refrom the awkwardly stiff formation, and burgh, whose method of teaching a finish-gulations which were drawn up for the imperfect connection of their letters, be ed style of writing is as astonishing, from government of the inmates of the hospistamped persons of vulgar taste and mean the speed with which it is acquired, as tal, present a singular picture of the manabilities.

from the permanency of an attainment ners of the times. Some of them may An authoress, whose works have long made in so short a time there is no ma amuse the reader, but be must be struck delighted the public, is so deficient in terial difference in the mode of teaching with the excessive severity of the penal. this accomplishment, that her manuscripts this art from what was practised half a ties annexed to trivial transgressions. are always carefully transcribed by one century ago.

Att the Hospital upone the Greenside, whom experience has brought familiar It was at that period as at the present; betwixt Edinburgh and Leith, the 230 with her characters, before they can be there were many instructors, whose high day of Nov. 1591. submitted to the perusal of a printer; ly ornamental style of execution evinced The qubilk day, the personis after speand as the sentiments which pervade the their own skill in the art, while the ge- cifeyit, viz. Mr Walter Balcanquell minumerous volumes of this writer prove, neral deficiency of their pupils proved, nister, Thomas Fyschear bailie, Archiehowever bigh their title to elegance, that that though, from long.continued appli- bald Jhonestone bailie, Johun Robertson usefulness is ber chief aim, there can be cation, it was possible to attain a degree merchant, burgesse of Edinburgh, being no doubt she would prefer writing intel- of excellence themselves, it required still appointit be the Counsall and Sessioun of ligibly, did she possess the power: that more skill and application to convey that the said burgh; convenit togidder on the she has the use of her eyes and hands is excellence to others.

21st of the said moneth, to place the certain, as well as taste and understand

lepperis under-wrytten in the said Hosing in an eminent degree ; but in the Walks in Edinburgh and its vicinity, with pitall, and to appoint sic owklie almes, form and union of her letters she is with.

historical and miscellaneous notices.

and injoyne-sic uther ordars to theme as out method; and it is to this deficiency

the said Commissioners suld think expealone we are to ascribe the frequent fail

ANCIENT LAZAR-HOUSE AT GÁEENSIDE. dient. ure in the graphic art of persons of the A traditional story is still preserved, 1. The said Commissioners placit in highest taste and abilities.

that Darnley first captivated the affec- the hospital Robert Mardow, James Garappears from these observations, that tions of the unfortunate Mary, Queen of vie, Johun M Rere, James Wricht, Johun

541

3000

November 8, 1817.)

Walks in Edinburgh. British and Foreign Bible Society Widderspune, lepperis, togidder with Iso- | expedient that there be an gibbit sett up in laneous, including insane, confined for debt, pribell Barcar, spous to the said Robert Mar. the gavell of the said Hospitall; and that

soners abroad, donatives refusing to make re. dow, and Jonet Gatt, spous to the said the forme and order thairof be inserted urn, impropriations, appropriations, &c. 122–

798. Total Benefices, 10,501. Jumes Garvie ; and appoyntit to everie baithe in the buiks of Counsall and Sesane of the said personis owklie four shil- sion of this burgh ad perpetuam rei me

British and Foreign Bible Society, July 18, 1817. lings (Scottish money, and equal to four moriam. And that thair be an Act maid Auxiliary and branch societies in the united

kingdom, pence sterling,) besyde the money quhilk in the said buiks, ordaining na lepperis they sall obtene with their clapper, in to be placit in the said Hospitall beiraf I ing chiefly of subscribers, one penny or two

Besides numerous Bible associations, consist. manner following:

ter bot sic as is or sall be borne within pence per week; connected with auxiliary so2. That nane of the saids personis this burgh, or have remaynit thairin se cieties; which associations have, in some inlepperis cry or ask for almes, utherways ven zeires, conforme to the act of Parlia. stances, produced thrice the amount of the subthan he thair said clapper; and that ment.

scriptions to the auxiliary within whose district

they are comprised. eyerie ane of thame, bis day about, sitt 7. That the Maisters of the Hospitall The Bible societies established in foreign parts at the dure of the said Ilospitall to that of the Trinitie College, present, and for have been encouraged by pecuniary aid from the effect, the rest alwayes remaining within the tyme to cum, be appoyntit owklie British and Foreign Bible society, or by its exthe samyn, and that they distribute equal. Visitours and Overseyaris of the said ample. The number of copies of the scriptures lie amongst thame, quhatsoever money Hospitall of the Lepperis, and mak report rious languages and dialects, aided by donations thay porches be their said begging, and thereof owklie to the session of the kirk. from the society, is subjoined : gif the just declaration thairof to the vi 8. That thair be appoyntit ane ordi

Bibles. Testmts. sitour appoynted everie Setterday, under nair Reider to reid the prayeris everie At Basle, in German, 20,000 15,000

French,

4,000 sic payne as the Counsell shall injoyne Sabboth to the said lepperis, and ane

Romanese, two dialects, 4,000 unto tbame. commodious place appoyntit to the said

Italian,

3,000 3. That nane of the said personis Reider for that effect."

At Zurich, in German, 3,000 4,000 lepperis, or thair wyffes, depart or resort Of a similar establishment, I find the At Chur, in Romanese, 3,000 2,000 fra the said Hospitall, to na oyder pairt following history in the description of At Presburg, in Sclavonian and Wendish, 6,000

15,000 7,000 or place, bot sit still thairat, and remayne Ayrshire in the Encyclopædia Edinensis: At Stutgardt

, in German,

50,000 thairin necht and day, haly-day and “The Lazar-house, known by the name At Hanover,

10,000 wark-day; and that thay resave na oyder of King-Case, perhaps from · Casu cot At Hambro-Altona,

10,000 maner of personis, oyder man or woman, cage,' or Kill-case, signifying the Cell At Berlin, in Bohemian, 8,000 within the said place, but sic as sall be of the Cottage,' is a peculiar institution

Polish,

8,000 4,000 placit with thame thairin, at command of in the parish of Priestwick, two miles at Koenigsberg, in Lithuanian, 3,000

German, 23,000 3,000

3,000 the said Counsall and Session ; and that from Ayr, wbich was destined for the At Leipsic,

13,000 thay keip the dure of the said Hospitall reception and maintenance of eight per. Swedish, on standing types, 17,000 52,000 fast and clois, fra the down-passing of sons afflicted with leprosy: lame and in- Finnish, on ditto,

5000 5,000 the sone to the rysing thairof, under the firm persons have long enjoyed the bene Forty-five societies have been payne of hanging fits of the charity, which consists of a

established in Germany, the Ne4. That the said personis and ilk of proportion of meal, butter, &c. from cer, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Fin

therlands, Switzerland, Sweden, thame leif quietlie, and gif na sçlander, tain lands in Carrick, the patrimonial land, Poland, and Russia, besides be banning, sweyring, flyting, skalding, domain of the royal founder. The right numerous auxiliary societies. In filthie speaking, or vitious leving, or any of presenting to this charity formerly be some districts associations are oyder way, under the paynes to be en- longed to the Wallaces of Craigie."

about to be established in every joynit be the Counsall. The royal founder here alluded to is Rolish 32 in Amsterdam alone.

parish. It is proposed to estab5. That the said Isobell Barcar and bert Bruce, who, according to the tradi The societies in Russia have Jonet Gatt wash the linning claytbs of tion of the country, was seized with le undertaken the printing of the the remanent, at the boig of the Craftfute, prosy in a single night, while he slept in scriptures in the sixteen followon the back syde of the Leper-house

, and the open air, on the spot where he founding languages or dialects : mak their beddis, and alwayes had the ed the hospital, and the stone on wbich

Calmuc, St Matthew,

3,000 Armenian,

4,000 said Hospitall honist and cleanlie, under he rested his head lay near the place a Finnish,

5.000 2,000 the payne aforesaid. .

few
years ago.

I wish

any of your read- German, with standing types, 5,000 6. 'That the said Jonet Gatt onlie cum ers, who may possess information on this

Catholic,

5.000 to the markatts for buying sic viveris as curious institution, would communicate it

Polish,

5,000 French,

5,000 1,000 is necessary to the saids personis, and to the public. Cantine ep.125 Sclavonian

30,000 15,000 presume to gang, to na oyder pairt nor

Dorpahap-Esthonian,

3,000 place in her cuming and returning to and

Revel Esthonian,

10,000 frae the saids markatts under the

RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE Lithonian, payn

15,000 aforesaid :-Quilk injunctions being red

INSTITUTIONS.
Persian,

5,000 to the personis aforesaids, thay agreit

Georgian,

2,000 Benefices in England. Resident incumbents-Samogitian,

5,000 thairto, and promisit to obey and underly in parsonage house, 3,267 ; in or close to the Modern Greek,

3,000 5,000 the samyn, under the paynes therabove parish, 2,561 ; alternately on one or other pre- Moldavian,

5,000 5,000 wrytten. And thairfore, for the better ferment, 19-5,847. Non-resident incumbents, Tartar,

2,000 obedience thairof, and for terrefying the 3,866; sinecures and dignities not requiring re Gospel of St Luke,

2,000 said lepperis to transgress

sidence, 52; vacancies, 164; sequestrations, 40;
the
samyn,
the

2,000
recent institutions, 87; dilapidated churches, 32;
said Commissioners bes thocht meit and held by Bishops, 22; no return, 272; Miscel.

181,000 256,000

Psalms,

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104
Religious and Foreign Bible Societies. Antiquities.

[November 8, 1817. Bibles. Testmts. , the college in Nova Scotia. Forty-four mis. | moves the carts that carry the newly cut timber The following editions were

sionaries are employed in Newfoundland, Nova to the plain, the ropes broke, and many of the printed p to Dec. 21, 1815:

Scotia, New Brunswick, Cape Breton, and Ca. pilgrims were killed, and a great number seEnglish,

709,042 660,695 nada, with salaries of about £.200 ; one, how verely injured. Welsh,

52,297 91,188 ever, has £.400. There is besides between for. Commemoration of the Reformation. The se. Gaelic,

22,000 20,000 ty and fifty schoolmasters, catechists, and school. cular festival of the Reformation, which is about Irish,

10,750 mistresses. The number of prayer books issued to be celebrated on the continent, excites conManks,

• 2,250 last year amounts to about 9000; psalters, 1000; siderable interest. In Prussia, a circular letter French,

13,000 79,000 homely tracts, 30,000; other articles of a reli- has been addressed by the minister of the inteSpanish, 30,000 gious nature, about 1100.

rior to the Evangelical clergy of both confessions Portuguese,

20,000 The society has printed, or aided the print- in the Prussian dominions, intimating the King's Jtalian,

14,000 ing, a circulation of the scriptures, in part or in desire that the words Protestant Lutheran, or Dutch,

5,000 15,000 whole, in 66 different languages or dialects. any other denominations which designate parti. Danish,

500 10,000 The society has also expended about £.9000 cular sects of the reformed religion, should cease German,

8,000 13,000 to confidential agents, for distributing the scrip to be used, and that they should be superseded Greek, ancient and modern, 5,000 tures in various parts of the continent.

by the word Evangelical. The object of this Greek, modern,

10,000 Expenditure-1st year, £.691 · 10 2 communication is to correct those feelings of asArabic, 1,439

2d

1,637 · 17 y 5 perity in which sectarians too generally indulge, Syriac,

6,000

3d

5,053 · 18 · 3 and by removing all nominal distinctions, to Esquimaux, the four gospels,

4th 12,206 · 10 3 cultivate a spirit of general harmony and muand Acts,

1,000

5th 14,565 , 19 u 7 tual indulgence. The authority of Luther himMobawk, St John's,

2,000

6th · 18,543 , 17 y 1 self is adduced to sanction this interference of Ethiopic, Psalter, 2,100

7th 28,302 , 13 , 7 the government, for the father of the reforma

Sth 32,419 v 19. 7 tion is represented as being displeased to find Total issued in Britain, in 10

9th 69,496 u. 13 v 8 the supporters of his opinions distinguished by years, 9 months, 765,936 950,446

10th 84,652 . 1 5

his name. The denominations of Evangelic Purchased and issued for the

1 llth

81,021 , 12 w 5 Church and Evangelic Christians belong equal. society on the continent of

12th 108,680 , 18 , 8 ly to both confessions, and imply the source Europe, 30,000 70,000

13th . . 89,230 v 9, 9 whence they equally derive the purity of their

doctrine. Total issued on account of

£.541,504 « l'u 10 the society,

795,936 1,020,446 Besides engagements for nearly £.40,000
Hospitals, fc. in Paris. - Paris contains ten

ANTIQUITIES.
In Asia, societies have been established in hospitals for the sick, nine charitable houses,
Calcutta, Malacca, Prince of Wales' Island, Cey- and twenty-two houses destined for beneficent Roman scpulchre. On digging in a piece of
lon, Bambay, Java, Amboyna, and Astracan. purposes. The Hotel Dieu, the most ancient ground, lately converted into a garden, of a

In Africa, societies have been established in hospital in Paris, and perhaps in Europe, has house near the road from Colchester to Lex.
the islands of Mauritius and Bourbon, St. He existed since the seventh century. It was long den, the remains of a leader coffin, six feet in
lena, Cape of Good Hope, and Sierra Leone. the only hospital which received the sick of both length, were discovered about 18 inches from

In America, 149 have been already established. sexes, and every age,m-foundlings, pregnant the surface. The upper part appears either to
In Jamaica and Antigua, two.

women, and even maniacs. Till very lately, have mouldered away, or been broken by the Progress of the British and Foreign Bible So. these were crowded together in ill-arranged halls, spade into small fragments; the bottom and ciety. The directors of the Edinburgh Bible two, four, and even six in the same bed. Since sides also are in a very imperfect state ; the lat. Society having learnt that the Jewish society in the commencement of the present century, these ter were perforated with exceedingly large iron London had completed the translation of the inconveniences have been remedied; new halls nails, evincing that it had been inclosed in a New Testament into Hebrew, have remitted have been constructed, better divided, and bet. thick incasement of wood. The interior was £.200 to assist in defraying the expences of ter aired ; and the consequence has been a con filled with earth, among which three small the work.

siderable diminution of the mortality. General. glass phials or lachrymateries were found : one Contributions continue to be made to the Bi-, ly speaking, there die in the hospitals 1 in 75, perfect, the other two broken by the spade. ble societies seemingly with unabated zeal, not and in the hospices 1 in 64. The patients re About a foot from the head of the coffin, a withstanding the general distress. The Edin. main, on an average, a month and ten days in small earthen vessel, without a cover, resemburgh society has received the following remit- the hospital. , The Lying in Hospital received bling those in use among the Romans, was dug tances since the publication of their eighth report in 1814, women to the number of 2700, of up in an entire state. There is no clue for conin August last, viz.-Water of Leith, £.13— whom 2400 acknowledged themselves not to be jecturing whose body the coffin may have con. Clackmannan, town and parish, £.18_Clifton, married. The Foundling Hospital, from 1804 tained; but, from the circumstance of lachry£.2-Braehead, Carnwath, £.6—Biggar, £.40– to 1814, received 23,458 boys, and 22,463 girls; materies being found therein, in which it was Edinburgh south district, £.19_Berwickshire. in all, 45,921 ; of this number 4130 were sup. the custom in ancient times to collect the tears £.110-Porres, £.20_Portobello, £.10-West posed to be legitimate. The average annual of surviving friends and relations, and consign Linton, £.9_Colinton, £.6–Edinburgh east expence of the hospitals is about 2,300,000 them to the tomb with the ashes or body of the district, £.10_Lasswade, £.9_Edinburgh mid- francs, (£.110,000.) The nuinber of patients defunct, it is probable that it had remained dle district, £.30—Spey and Avonside, £.33— received is about 35,500. The hospices receive many ages. Dairsie female society, £.6~Kiltearn, £.5-$t only about 6900, but they receive them to re Body of the Earl of Derwent water. On the Andrew, £.12.

main for life. In regard to aids given at home, 11th October, a gentleman caused the vault at Account of the Society for propagating the the number of poor persons thus relieved a. Dilston-hall to be opened, and narcowly exaGospel in foreign parts. This society was incor mounted, in 1804, to nearly 87,000; in 1813, mined the remains of James, the unfortunate porated by William III, and is directed by its to 103,000 ; and this last may be considered as Earl of Derwentwater. Although the body has charter to make an annual report to the Lord nearly the medium term of the ten years. been interred above a hundred years, the whole Chancellor and the chief justices of the King's Fatal Pilgrimage.--The devout practice of appeared in a state of preservation. bench and common pleas. The receipts of this pilgrimage is not yet abandoned, it would seem, Researches in Egypt and Nubia.-M. de Rich last year, from contributions and dividends on in Europe. Accounts from Vienna state, that ter, a Livonian, and M. Liedınan, a Swede, stock, have been about £.5000, with a grant the annual devotion to Maria Zell, in Styria, during the course of the year 1815, visited the from parliament in aid of the expences of the whose pious pilgrims, to the number of 4600, whole of these countries; and are now prepa. society in the North-American colonies, of near. returned lately with the suffragan" bishop of the ring to publish the result of their researches, ly £.8000, making in the whole £.13,000. Of diocese at their head, has, upon this occasion, which will contribute to complete those of this sum about £.12,000 has been expended in been attended with a cruel accident. As they Bruce, of Lord Valentia, and of Mr Salt. They salaries and gratuities to missionaries, catechists, were crowding upon each other to see the new returned by way of Syria, whence M. Leidman

oolmasters, and in exhibitions to scholars in I machine, which, by the force of water alone, I took the direction of Constantinople.

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