Imágenes de páginas

November 22, 1817.]
On the Poor Lars-Walks in Edinburgh, 8c.

125 ty, again, in affording the materials of is reason to believe, will exceed the necessaries of life, for a longer time industry, and in placing them within whole working poor of the kingdom, than he could consume in travelling to the reach of every person, must be who, in ordinary times, cannot other one of these manufactories ; and the careful to hold out no boon for the peo- wise be employed. But to accommo- most forlorn wretch would instantly ple to labour for the public rather than date any increase of number, temporary have the power of becoming an indusfor themselves, or for those who can buildings of wood could be erected. trious member of that society, to which employ them.

The whole expence of each of these he might otherwise have proved a burBy adopting a plan founded on these establishments may be computed at den and a curse. Many of the crimes principles, we should enable every per- £160,000, or £8,800,000 in all; and and misfortunes of the poor might be son to procure to himself a mainten- that temporary buildings, with the ne- traced to those intervals of idleness and ance, without being beholden to any cessary furniture to accommodate discontent which the want of employspecies of degrading charity: we should 100,000 persons more, could be erect- ment occasions, and which are the not interfere injuriously with the price ed for £1,200,000, making a total ex- tinies when the minister of blasphemy. of labour, but should suffer it to rise pence of ten millions.

and treason is able to make his most or fall, as it ever ought, with the de. Thus far might the suggestion of numerous proselytes. mand for it, and the profits of it: we Mr. Owen be adopted. Land in the should teach the labouring classes to neighbourhood might be rented and Walks in EDINBURGH, &c. resort to the frugal habits becoming laid out for garden-ground, to be cul.

Netherbow-Singular tradition--Murtheir condition in life, and most suited tivated, according to certain rules, by to their own happiness and virtue; and the members of the establishment, and

der of Begbie-Contrasted with that we should wonderfully simplify the the produce sold to defray the rent and

of Sir George Lockhart by Chislie of business of legislating for the poor, by expence. This system, however, would

Dalry. Continued fromß.103 rendering none but the really helpless need to be limited by the extent of the Those scenes which are remarkable the objects of parish support. All but market for the prodace. Every per- for striking occurrences excite a deep these unfortunate persons might have son, male or female, young or old, interest, and often afford us a high graemployment, if they chose to accept of should be entitled to demand work in tification. We linger with delight on such an equivalent as the profits of it these establishments, and to be imme- the spot which has been rendered me. could afford : if they would not,—if diately accommodated with a lodging. morable by deeds of virtue and herothey would consume none of their lux- Every family should obtain one apart- ism. The great Engligh moralist has uries when the rate of labour was low, ment; and all the children above the truly said, that it is impossible to abthe folly and punishment would be age of three should be received into stract the mind from all local emotion ; their own.

If the poor of England lodging houses fitted for their recep- and“ whatever withdraws us from the shall be able to indulge in habits un- tion. The rate of labour should be power of our senses, whatever makes known to the poor of any nation in fixed at a sum which should be merely the past, the distant, or the future, preEurope, it will be well ; but it is time sufficient to procure the necessaries of dominate over the present, advances us the means were supplied from the pro-life ; but a cheap and regular supply in the dignity of thinking beings." fits of their own labour, and not from of those necessaries should be secured, “ That man,” he continues, "is little to the bounty of the community. proper market-places being provided, be envied, whose patriotism would not

In suggesting a plan for effecting and contracts entered into with trades- gain force upon the plain of Marathon, the object in question, it is taken for men for the supply of the requisite or whose piety would not grow warm-.. granted that it is possible to employ our provisions : These provisions the inha- er among the ruins of Iona;" and, in population in objects of useful indus-bitants should be suffered to purchase the same strain of sentiment, I would try. In every county one or more to themselves, no farther interference ask, who could traverse with cold in. large manufactories, of that sort which being made with their manner of liv- difference and stoical insensibility the will give the greatest employment to ing. The inhabitants should be free- field of Culloden or of Waterloo, where human labour, might be erected at men, not slaves,-labourers for their the fate of an empire, in the one case, the public expence, and that these be own support, and not dependents on and of Europe, in the other, was decidsurrounded by buildings fit to accom- alms. They should live as if they ed by the skill and courage of conmodate, on a medium, from 2,000. to were at home, subject only to such re- tending hosts ? 4,000 persons, besides children ; and gulations as should be necessary to se But the interest excited by the rethat in these establishments, every pro- cure the peace of society.

collection of past events, which are asper measure be taken to separate the The expenditure of the sum requir-sociated with visible objects, is not conyoung from the old, that the former ed for erecting these establishments, fined to emotions of a pleasurable chabe kept from the contamination of would at once give employment to racter; for it extends to those of a very vicious habits, and carefully instruct- many thousand mechanics and labour- opposite description. The spot which : ed. It is probable that fifty-two for ers. In the course of twelve months the murderer has stained with blood, or England and Wales, and three for Scot- many of these manufactories would be the place which is marked by some faland, will be sufficient. These, at the erected, and in the course of three tal disaster, is eagerly sought out, and medium rate of 3,000 persons for each, years the whole plan would be com- anxiously visited. will accommodate 165,000 persons, be- pleted. No person then would need These reflections, which I must not sides children,-a number which, there to be idle, or to suffer the want of the venture to indulge in at present, were

Walks in Edinburgh, 80

[November 22, 1817 suggested by different objects which Leith Wynd and Canongate, is me-t had arisen in his mind of some foul met my eye in the course of a walk the morable in the neighbourhood for some transaction, were now in a great meaother day, and in this contemplative traditionary stories of dreadful disasters sure confirmed, particularly when takmood I was proceeding from the Cross which have befallen its inmates, as well en in connection with what he observtowards the Netherbow, when my at- as for predictions of future calamities. ed of the persons who acted the part tention was arrested by two flat stones To this story Mr. Scott alludes in his of chairmen, and who, from their dress in the middle of the street, wbich yet Poem of Rokeby, and adds a note il- and conversation, belonged to a very remain the awful memorials of one of lustrative of the legendary narrative different station of life. Brooding over the most systematic outrages on the which is not yet forgotten in that quar- the dreadful close of this tragic scene, persons and property of the citizens ter of the city. The spot occupied by he felt some relief in communicating that ever was known, and of the exem- the corner building just mentioned the awful secret to some of his confi. plary punishment which was inflicted was, about the beginning of the 18th dential friends. In this way it became on three young men, the eldest not ex- century, covered by a spacious edifice, a confused popular tradition, which has ceeding twenty-two years of age; who, the town residence of a noble Scottish fixed itself in the minds of future geby a public execution, expiated their family, and, from the incidents which nerations. When all the parties in this crimes on the very spot on which they are detailed, has been the scene of some foul and mysterious - transaction had were committed. Few readers need be dark and atrocious deed. About mid- been long removed from this sublunary informed, that the event now alluded night a clergyman was called up to ad- scene, a fire broke out in the house to refers to the riots and robberies which minister the consolations of religion to erected on the same spot. In the disgraced the metropolis in the last a person at the point of death. He height of the conflagration, the crowd night of the year 1811, and which were was placed in a sedan chair, which was drawn to the place beheld or fancied planned and perpetrated by a wicked brought by those who desired his at they saw an apparition, in the midst of band of young men associated for the tendance, to convey him to the spot ; the flames, of a beautiful female in a purpose.

he was carried to a remote part of the rich antiquated night-dress, who, in The Netherbow Port, near which my town, commanded to suffer himself to the Scottish dialect, uttered the followremarks terminated in a former com- be blindfolded, and the command was ing prediction, the belief of which has munication, is connected with some im- enforced by a pistol being presented; not yet vanished from the minds of portant events. It stood at the narrow and after many turnings and windings the older inhabitants of that part of the part of the High Street, near Leith he was transported up stairs to a lodg- town! Anes BURNED, twice burned, Wynd. The original building was re- ing. When he was introduced into a but the third burning will be the warst o' moved in 1571, when a new structure bed-room the bandage was removed a'.” The period is not far distant was erected in its stead farther to the from his eyes, and what was his sur- when the belief in this prediction was eastward. This last was pulled down prise when he beheld a lady on a bed so powerful that a fire near this fatal in 1606, and another edifice was rais- just delivered of an infant, and still spot excited more than usual alarm, ed on a spot still farther to the east- more so when he was ordered to per- that the prophetic denunciation was ward. This port was doomed to de. form the proper religious service for a about to be accomplished. The origin molition in 1736, in consequence of person at the point of death. He ven- of this story, although derived from a the supposed or real neglect of the mu- tured to suggest that no alarming myterious source, is pretty obvious ; nicipal authorities in not preventing symptoms appeared, but remonstrance but the tradition, in gliding down the the unfortunate Captain Porteous from or remark of any kind was vain. The current of time, has been veiled with a being sacrificed to the fury of a law order to perform his sacred duty was motley garb of legendary matter. less rabble, after being condemned to peremptory; and, with reluctance and Passing along this part of the street, death for ordering the town-guard, no small degree of agitation, he fi- for several years after the atrocious which he commanded, to fire on the nished the pious task imposed upon murder of Begbie was committed, I crowd assembled at the execution of a him. He was then hurried into the was in some measure drawn by irresiste criminal, and disposed to be riotous, chair ; and while he was carried down ible curiosity to take another look of and after being reprieved; but the bill stairs, the report of a pistol struck a the fatal spot; and in these repeated having passed the House of Lords was knell to his heart; he was conveyed visits, fancy sometimes represented the rejected in the other house, and the home in perfect safety, and a purse of probability of the occurrence of some building remained till the year 1764, gold was forced upon him, accompanied unforeseen incident which, in the end, when it was entirely removed as an with a threat, that the least allusion to might lead to the discovery of the pere. incumbrance to the street. This fabric what he had witnessed, would be fatal petrator of the horrid deed. The mure was adorned with a tower surmounted to his life. The divine, as might be der now alluded to was committed on by a spire. A view of it was taken by expected, passed a restless night; and the body of a person of the name of one of the Runcimans just before it when the melancholy news was an- Begbie, porter to the British Linen was levelled with the ground, and an nounced to him in the morning that Banking Company, and, on an evenetching by the same artist sometimes the house of a family of great distinc-ing in the end of October 1806, just finds a place in the portfolio of the cu- tion was consumed by fire, and that as he had returned from Leith with a rious collector.

the accomplished and beautiful daugh- large parcel of notes, and as he was enThe lofty pile of building which ter of the proprietor had perished in tering the office near the Netherbow.. forms the corner of the street between the flames, certain suspicions which Endless rumours were afloat long after

November 22, 1817.]
Walks in Edinburgh, 8c.

127 the deed was done ; suspicion attach- to light after the lapse of a much long-1 were found under the pavement of one ed to some persons, and a strict in- er period. The stings of remorse, the of the outhouses at Dalry when -scine vestigation was pursued ; but more forebodings of a guilty conscience, repairs were going on. than twelve years have elapsed, and might lead to disclosure and confession A daughter of the same Chislie was not the slightest trace of the murder of the deed even before men : But, is the famous Lady Grange, whose ex. er has yet been discoverd. According it possible to conceive that the perpetraordinary story excited great curio. to one report, a person in a soldier's trator is yet a member of the society a-sity 80 years ago, and has not yet ceasgreat coat was seen on Leith Walk in mong which the crime was committed, ed to be interesting, on account of the company with Begbie, and it was sup- and has never betrayed, by the agita- mystery which attends it and its appaposed had continued with him till he tion of his feelings and the horrors of rent connexion with the plots of those inflicted the fatal wound; and, accord- his mind, the dreadful secret which engaged in the rebellions of 1715 and ing to another, a person of the same lurks within his breast ?

1745. It was said that Erskine of description was observed lingering at Not less atrocious, but very different Grange had seduced her, and that she the bottom of a stair within the in the conviction and punishment of compelled him to marry her, by remind. entrance to the bank-office; and it the criminal, was the murder of Siring him that she was Chislie's daughter, was curreutly said that a person was George Lockhart, President of the and threatening his life. She is des seen running down Leith Wynd Court of Session, by Chislie of Dalry, scribed as a beautiful woman, but of a immediately after the commission of a gentleman of some property. In re- violent temper. The character of her the atrocious act. But in the ab- sentment for having given a decision husband was not the most correct and sence of all positive information we for £93 per annum as a maintenance amiable. His infidelity to herself, and may indulge long in idle conjecture, for his wife and children, Chislie vow- his unfriendly disposition to the family without being able to catch a single ed revenge against the President, and, on the throne, gave her great uneasiglimpse to dispel the darkness which with the intention of executing his hor- ness, and produced a threat that she still hangs over this barbarous and mys- rid purpose, had actually watched for would inform the government if he did terious deed. The records of crime the object of his revenge on the streets not relinquish his plotting schemes and have never exhibited one, the chief of London with a loaded pistol under live quietly at home. He persuaded features of which are marked by more his coat; but it was not till the last day the public and his friends that she deliberation, determined resolution, of March 1689 that a fit opportunity was mad, and he had her removed to dexterity, and address in its plan, per- offered. On that day, as the President the remote island of St. Kilda, where petration, and successful concealment. was returning from church, and had she was detained for several years. The intention and preparation were entered the close which led to his own Proceeding along the Canongate toobvious from the choice of the instru- house on the south side of the Lawn- wards Holyroodhouse, our attention is ment of death, and from wrapping the Market, which house was lately oc- attracted by many objects connected handle round with paper to give a cupied by the Bank of Scotland, and is with public events or private history. firmer hold; but after all this preli. now a printing-office, Chislie came be. It is to be recollected that this was the minary process, the very thought of hind him and shot him with a pištol. court end of the town before the Union; which is sufficient to appal the soul, He made no attempt at escape, was and the residences of families of rank what firmness of nerve and steadiness immediately seized, tried next day, the and distinction can still be pointed out. of hand were required to strike the 1st of April, before the magistrates of On the south side is Milton House, the dreadful blow! The means to secu:e Edinburgh, with assessors appointed mansion of Lord Milton, Lord Justiceconcealment were not the least remark- by the estates of parliament, and after Clerk, who made a conspicuous figure able part of the history of this atro- being put to the torture to discover his in public affairs during the rebellion cious deed; not one of the large notes accomplices, if he had any, was con- 1745: Farther down is Queensberry which were carried off by the mur- victed of the murder, and sentenced to House, now converted into barracks; derer was ever allowed to come into be executed on Wednesday the 3d of but once the town residence of the circulation, a decided proof that he was the same month. The sentence was Duke of that name, who was Chanwell aware of the danger to which he executed on that day. His right hand cellor and Minister for Scotland at the might be thus exposed ; and it is no less was cut off; he was hanged at the cross Union, and had a considerable share in wonderful that a report prevailed on with the pistol about his neck with promoting that event; and near the the day succeeding the murder, that which he had committed the murder ; bottom of the street is Lothian Hut, some of the notes were found in Belle- his right hand was fixed on the West now or formerly belonging to the novue parks, a report which was only Port, and his body was hung in ble family of Lothian. On the north verified several years afterwards. Such chains between Edinburgh and Leith. side the chief buildings are the church a story is altogether inexplicable, ex- Few examples occur of so speedy a and the prison. The latter is supposed cept on the supposition that it came trial and so summary a punishment. to have been erected in the time of from the perpetrator himself, and was From a discovery made within the James VI; and the former about the intentionally circulated to lull suspi- last forty years, it would appear that year 1688, to accommodate the citicion.

part of the sentence had been defeat- zens who had been deprived of Holy. A crime of so deep a dye rarely ed, probably by the relatives of the rood Chapel when it was converted escapes so long with impunity; and yet criminal, by whom the body had been into a Royal Chapel in the reign of deeds of darkness have been brought (removed and buried; for the chains Charles II.



Notices Biographical, Historical, Moral, 8c.

(November 22, 1817.


lona ; but the latter being an old man of a of Ali Pacha's character. The latter is his

mild and benevolent disposition, was moved predominant passion, the former has become BIOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, MORAL, &c.

by Ali's youth and bravery, and contented indispensable and habitual to him; both

himself with giving him a reprimand, after while they reciprocally promote and nourish ACCOUNT OF ALI PACAA.

which he released him without ransom. each other, have developed vices which make Ali Pacha is an object of peculiar inte Far from being discouraged by the ill suc- him an object of horror and dread, even to rest to the English nation, on account of the cess of this first attempt, Ali pursued his plans those who appear to enjoy his confidence. proximity of his dominions to the Ionian with great ardour and secrecy, and once more The want of money, which severely distressislands, and the discussions which have laken obtained the consent of his mother, who also ed him at his first appearance in public life, place in the British senate, respecting the ces supplied him with money. The event was and which long hindered his advancement, sion to this powerful and ambitious neighbour again unfortunate, and he had no means left together with the certainty which he has of the important fortress of Parga.

of prosecuting his designs, except to become gained by experience, that there are at all Ali Pacha is the most powerful prince of captain of banditti. The Greek name Kleph- times men to be found, who may be bribed the Ottoman empire in Europe. The pro- tés, which is given to this profession, had no to the commission of every crime, have made vinces governed by him constitute a third disgraceful meaning in the rude countries avarice and covetousness passions deeply root. part of Turkey ; and the offices which he has where he carried it on. But even in this ed in his nature. The word give is as foreign filled, and may easily obtain again, would form his enterprises were still unsuccessful, and to his mouth, as any corresponding feeling is place another third part of the empire under his he was taken prisoner by the vizar of loan to his heart. It is only when something is command. The provinces, of which the go.nina. If the benevolence of the sandgiak of to be gained, that gold issues from his coffers; vernment is conferred upon him by an impe. Avlona, delivered himn from his first imprison. he never distributes rewards, unless he wants rial firman, are five in number ; namely, ment, he was this time indebted to the policy to seduce or misemploy somebody, in order Ioannina, Avlona, Ochrida, Kaililli, Trikala, of the vizir. The neighbouring beys wished to reap twofold advantage by it. Often, too, with the exception of a few districts. In all his destruction, and urged his being put to he strips the corrupt tool whom he has enthese countries the supreme authority, the death. The vizir, to whom they were formi. riched, of the wealth acquired, and rejoices administration of justice, the finances, and dable, was happy to find an opportunity to when he punishes a traitor to derive double the command of the armed force, are in his employ them elsewhere, and therefore released profit from it. hands ; so that though in appearance a vas. his enemy, from whom he had nothing further Ali Pacha's rapaciousness extends to every sal of the Porte, he is in fact an independent to apprehend.

thing, and no pretext is too srivolous or too sovereign.

Ali, however, met with fresh disasters; he mean. If a merchant arrives in his domi. The little town of Tépéléni, the beys or go- was forced again to have recourse to his mo- nions with goods which tempt him, he sends vernors of which were his ancestors, is inha- ther, and was again supplied and left to him. for him, assumes an air of equity, and buys bited by Greeks and Albanese Mussulmans, self. With the last money which he thus ob- what pleases bim, at a price arbitrarily fixed of the race of the Toczidi. The family of Ali tained, he raised 600 men, and the first action by himself. If one of his vassals dies and always gave chiefs and leaders to those rude he fought with them was unfortunate. His leavez large property, no expedient is disdainbut courageous mountaineers, who subsist by camp was near Valera, in Albania, at a place ed to get possession of it, either by barefaced war and plunder. Since the time of Scander- which his biographer has visited. Ali retired violence and plundering the children, or by a beg they have remained in obscurity. Under to a solitary spot hard by, to ponder on his pretended testament of the deceased, whom that great warrior they probably professed situation. "There,” said Ali, (for the author re- the Prince extols to the sky, and takes poschristianity, like many other Albanians, who, lates these circumstances from his own mouth), session of his goods and chattels: “My son," at a subsequent period, when the Ottomans "I reflected on my adverse fate ; I considered said he one day to the son of a Greek lately conquered the country, embraced mahometan. what I could still undertakc, and drew a com- deceased ; "your father was a very respecta-ism. Ali's grandfather fell at the siege of parison between my weak resources and the ble man, whose loss greatly affects me. We Corfu, in which he was one of the Turkish far superior resources of my adversaries. I were intimate friends; he remembered me on generals ; he is the first of his race whose name had already stood thus for some time, turning his death-bed, and has bequeathed to me his is mentioned in the annals of the Porte. Veli, up the earth with my stick, and without house, his furniture, and his gardens." " But, the father of Ali, filled the office of sandgiak, thinking of what I was doing, thrust it vio my lord,” answered the youth confounded, at Delvino, but fell into disgrace with the lently into the ground; when the sound of a " these make more than two thirds of my Porte and lost his place. Ali has since re- hard body, against which it struck, roused whole property." My son,” returned Ali, venged himself on bis successor. Persecuted me from my reverie. I stooped to examine “ you must hold your father's last will saby the divan, and plundered by the neigt- the opening which I had made, and had the cred; and if you were so wicked as not to bouring beys, Veli left at his death in 1760, unlooked-for good fortune to find a little submit to it, I would immediately have you several children under age; of whom two chest, which had doubtless been buried there hanged.” were sons, Ali and another.

during one of the revolutions to which this His insatiable ambition has made him al. Veli's widow was an ambitious and resu, unhappy country is subject. The gold which so distrustful and revengeful; and these two lute woman. Her instructions and example it contained enabled me to raise a body of propensities have acquired with his violent were not lost upon Ali: when only sixteen 2,000 men ; I fought a second battle, in disposition, the character of savage passion. years of age, he had to defend his paternal which I was more fortunate, and from which all who are about him are suspected by him. inheritance with arms, but still under the I returned victorious to Tépéléni."

His nephews, his children, those who are the guidance and protection of his mother. Even From that time, fortune has never for most attached to him, who seem to enjoy his then he shewed himself a friend to the sol- saken him, during a fifty years series of bold full confidence, are no less the objects of his diers, and endeavoured in his intercourse and warlike enterprises. There is, therefore, suspicious watchfulness. The most solemn with them to acquire useful knowledge. He but little interest in following his ambitious, assurances of devotedness and fidelity are lost carefully studied the history of his own fa. perfidious, and cruel career; or the treaties upon him. Ancient and long services can mily, and the actions of celebrated heroes. which, according to the suggestions of his afford no pledge for the future, in the eyes of This early propensity, which he constantly artful policy, he has ultimately concluded, a man who has at all times changed his conretained, probably contributed in a high de- broken, and renewed with the European duct as his interest seemed to require. gree, to give him that correct and strong me- powers, whom the circumstances of the times As little can the ties of blood serve him as mory which he shews on every occasion, and have brought in contact with him. On the a pledge of security ; and if it be true, as is which have been of the most essential service other hand, our readers will probably be generally affirmed, that he is the murderer to him in difficult circumstances.

highly interested by the character drawn by of his brother and his mother, one may easily His first endeavours to divide his enemies, the biographer of this powerful prince, and imagine how small must be his confidence in in order to beat them singly, were not at the communication of some remarkable traits his own children, especially as he can foretended with success. He was himself taken in his government and administration. see, that upon his death, his youngest son prisoner by Kourd Pacha, sandgiak of Av. Falsehood and ambition are the elements will fall a victim to the ambition of his two

ting in judgment: a man, who had been just. | THE LAST YEARS OF THE LIFE OF | minister to its comfort in the dreariness of November 22, 1817.] Notices Biographical, Historical, Moral, 8c.

129 brothers; and that these again will make war would induce a belief that he was exclusively the encouragement which he had experienced upon each other.

occupied with his buildings, his rich furniture, in the spring, he sailed of success; nor had There is one single method by which he and splendid ornaments; but all this is dissi- he influence enough to command a seat for secures the fidelity of those he employs, and mulation ; and while he engrosses those who any other place. Under these depressing this consists in the hostages which they are surround him with such things, his real ob- circumstances did this extraordinary man reobliged to give him. He employs it towards ject is to divert their attention from more se tire from public life, without having the tran. his own children. When his sons went to rious concerns.

sient consolation of seeing that his departure their governments, he detained their lies His style of receiving ople is, when he was considered as a loss by those who had and did not even give himself the trouble to chooses, irresistibly pleasing, His counte- been used to court the aid of his talents. conceal the motive of this offensive precau- nance seems to express frankness and probi- The world to him was now in a manner betion. Of all his relations his natural bro.ty; nothing but a degree of constraint, which come a desert, in which there was litile to ther, Joussouf Pacha, the son of a black slave appears through this amiable demeanour, can cheer him amidst the gloom of neglect and in his father's harem, enjoys his chief con- excite some mistrust in his sincerity. Of all the blast of penury; where he was continual. fidence : a preference which may be suffi- the passions that struggle within him, no ly tormented by the importunities of cla. cientiy accounted for hy his unambitious trace is ever to be read in his countenance. Inorous creditors, and pursued with unrelax. character, by his boundless devotion, and Suspicion, fear, hatred, revenge, are veiled ing severity by the harpies of the law. Ha. generation for Ali, but particularly by his by the expression of pure joy and conscious rassed by continual vexations at a period birth, which does not allow him to claim innocence. With the appearance of modera- when nature stands in need of repose and inany rights. Nevertheless, even this favourite tion, obliging in conversation, dexterous in dulgence, it was not much to be wondered is kept in absolute dependence, remote from representing every thing in the light most ad- that a man so long accustomed to convivial public affairs, and only employed as leader vantageous to himself, clear and logical in his pleasures should seek relief from the presof the troops, for which, indeed, his talents arguments, furnished with all the arts of elo- sure of increasing embarrassments in the inand his personal courage eminently qualify quence, no one knows so well as he how to toxicating means of forgetfulness. ---Unfor. him.

procure the admission of false deductions, and tunately, the habits of Mr. Sheridan had Ali Pacha's revenge is implacable, and nei- to obtain from others what he has at heart. ever been of a description that unfitted him ther time nor place can set bounds to it. The So profoundly is he skilled in the art of dis- for application to business, and rendered him only change that can be remarked in it, is, sembling, that even a person who is thorough- incapable of enduring misfortune with that that it is the more cruel the longer it is de- ly acquainted with him, is inclined, in confirmness, which, if it does not remove trouble, layed, and that anger frequently, kindles its i versation with him, to consider his mistrust takes away its sting. When, therefore, the fames into greater fury. His authority, his as unjust and groundless.

trying season caine, it found him unpreparpower, his cunning, and his dissimulation, There can be no doubt but that this dissi- ed to resist the violence of the storm, and render its success infallible, and its effects in- mulation costs him a considerable degree of unable to direct his steps by any plan that evitable. His hatred increases with its dura. effort. When he does not obtain his object, could secure him from future calamity. In tion, his faithful and never-failing memory when he has in vain tried his usual arts, in such a bewildered state he increased his hinders him from forgetting any real or sup- order secretly to kindle discord, or to perpe- difficulties by the efforts which he made to posed offence, and none remains unpunished. ! tuate hatred; to get the crimes of which he elude them, and accelerated his dissolu. A short time before the author of these noti- is in need, committed by the victims whom tion, in endeavouring to drown the sense ces visited Joannina, Ali Pacha recognised, in he has chosen, in a word to put all the pas- of his misery. Such is the heavy impost the ranks of a detachment of troops that was sions in fermentation, and then to intervene »hich men of eccentric genius have to pay passing before him at 300 paces distance, an as avenger and arbiter, then he breaks loose, for sacrificing their time and talents in unAlbanian, who was stated to have grossly of, and proceeds directly to his purpose. His certain pursuits, and to obtain a little ephefended him above twenty years before. He violence and impatience throw down every meral popularitv. Mr. Sheridan always liv. was arrested at the time, but had the good barrier, and his mandate must be immediate ed and acted without any regular system for fortune to escape from prison. After long ly performed. In cases where he is obliged the government of his conduct; the conseloving about in various places, he inlisted a- to employ instruments to execute his secret quence of which was, as might have been mong the troops of a bey, whom Ali now took purposes, he generally secures the silence of expected, that he became the sport of capriinto his service. The cruel vizier immediately the latter by their death. In this manner his cious friendship; and when the winter of gave orders to cut him down. On another dark plots and crimes are concealed from the his days approached, he experienced the occasion the author was a witness of the ex- great majority of his subjects by a bloody and mutability of political connexions, and the tremely faithful memory of this extraordinary impenetrable veil.

folly of neglecting those resources which caa man. He, according to his custom, was sit.

alone support the mind in every exigency, and brought in, was taken before him, and Ali immediately enumerated, in his presence, a


solitude. Home, though the abode of domestic

virtue and affection, was no longer safe to a great number of robberies, stating exactly the The latter years of this singular man may person so well known and so much sought a'. time, and the names of the persons robbed, undoubtedly be contemplated by the moralist ter by numerous applicants; to avoid whose which he had committed during the space or with peculiar feelings; and Mr. Watkins, troublesome inquiries, and to gain a respite fifteen years, and which the accused was for his biographer, has touched the scene ter from anxiety, he passed much of his time in ced to acknowledge to be correct in every par- derly, though evidently determined not to coffee-houses and taverns. Continual ebriety ticular.

compromise what he considered to be the in. was the result of such a course of lise; and the Ali possesses the art of dissimulation to terests of truth. How far this principle may effects of it upon his constitution, which had such a degree, that he who does not judge of have betrayed him into a severity not com- been naturally a very robust one, soon appear. bis intentions exclusively according to what mon in biographical writings, which almost ed in his countenance and his manners. Yet, ambition and avarice may suggest, is infallibly invariably slide into the opposite extreme, sinking as he now was into the lowest state of misled; for he deceives, not merely by words may, perhaps, be ascertained from the fol. human declension, occasional sallies of huand protestations, but by his dignity and the lowing picture of the close of Mr. Sheridan's mour escaped him, even when he was unable whole tenor of his behaviour. His exterior political course.

to stand, or scarcely to articulate. Coming is agreeable, and he can give to his usually Thus set this political luminary in the very late one night out of a tavern, he fell ; and mild and smiling features a seducing charm. sphere which he had for so many years en being too much overtaken with liquor io reHis manner is polite, affable, and dignified. livened by the brilliancy of his wit, and oft. cover his feet, he was raised by some passenHe appears always cleanly, often richly dress- en delighted by the power of his eloquence. gers, who asked his name and place of aboule ; ed. In the fitting up and decorations of his Parliament was shortly afterwards dissolved, to which he replied by referring to a coffeepalaces, the most studied luxury prevails, and and Mr. Sheridan again tried his strength at house, and hiccuping that he was Mr. Wil-ber. in his way of life an Asiatic effeminacy, which Stafford, where, however, notwithstanding force! Some idea of his extraordinary stamina

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