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The Origin of Pamphlets. posed there, and conveyed by means of (illuminating whom, they have not al

Lady Anne Boleyn, to the perusal of ways escaped the flames themselves) yet " I look upon pamphlets,” says a Henry VIII at the beginning of this are they beheld, by politic or penetrate writer of the 17th century, “ as the eld- rupture ; the copies whereof were strew-ing eyes, as thermometers of state, foreest offspring of paper, and entitled to ed about at the king's procession to showing the temperature and changes claim the rights of primogenitorship Westminster; the first example, as some of government, with the ealantures apeven of bound volumes, however they think, of that kind of appeal to the proaching therein; and even preservar may be shorter lived, and the younger public. How the cardinal was nettled tives to be had against them, would the brother has so much outgrown the elder. thereat, how he endeavoured to stifle active be as unanimous to prevent, as In as much as arguments do now, and and secret the same, how it provoked the speculists have been industrious to more especially did, in the minority of the pen of the bigotted lord chancellor prognosticate the same.” our erudition, not only so much more (Sir Thomas More), how glaringly it l'he writer of this essay proceeds to rarely require a larger compass than was fixed in the front of the prohibited remark on the great price given for pamphlets will comprise, but these be- book, and yet how it captivated the said pamphlets which were become scarce. ing of a more facile, more decent, and king's affection and esteem, may not « There never was a greater esteem, or simple form, suitable to the character of only be presuned from the purport, but better market; never so many eager the more artless ages, they seem to have gathered from the accounts which our searches after, or extravagant purchasers been preferred by our modest ancestors ecclesiastical histories have given thereof, scarce pamphlets, than in the prefor the communication of their senti- of. It would be endless to specify how sent times, which have been made eviments, before book-writing became a much this province was henceforward dent either from the sales of them in trade, and lucre and vanity let in de cultivated by prelates, statesmen, and general: as that of Tom Britton, the luges of degressory learning to swell up authors of the first rank, not excepting celebrated small-coal man of Clerkenunwieldy folios. Thus I find, not a lit- majesty itself, in the several examples well, who, besides his chemical and tle to the honour of our subject, no less a which might be produced of the said musical collections, had one of choice person than the renowned Alfred col. Henry VIII, King James, and Charles; pamphlets, which he sold to the late lecting his sage precepts and divine sen- the second of whom thought so honour- Lord Somers, for upwards of 500l. ; and tences, with his own royal hand, into ably of these pamphlet performances, more especially Mr. Anthony Collins, quaternions of leaves stitched together, that he deemed one of his own writing the last year, whose library, consisting which he would enlarge with additional so much above human patronage, as to principally of pamphlets, and those quaternious, as occasion offered ; yet make a dedication of it to Jesus Christ. mostly controversial, and mostly moseemed he to keep his collection so much "England, through its spirit of liber- dern, is reported to have sold both parts within the limits of a pamphlet size, ty, has been the most fruitful country of it for 18001.; or whether we descend however bound together at last, that he for the production of pamphlets ; so the into particulars, and consider the exorcalled it by the name of his “ Hand- period has been most fruitful in them, bitant value set upon some single pieces, book"_because he made it his constant was that of the civil wars in the reign as the topographical pamphlets of John companion, and had it at hand wher- of Charles I. Indeed, in all disorders Norden, the surveyor, which before they ever he went. “ It was, however, the and commotions, it is natural to have were reprinted often sold for 40s. a grand controversy between the church recourse to the most expeditious intelli- piece; the Examination of Sir John of Rome and the first opposers thereof, gence and redress, lest delay should be Oldcastle, which I have known sold for which seems to have laid the foundation more dangerous than the deficiency of three guineas, though gleaned from of this kind of writing, and to have them; or they superannuated before Fox's Book of Martyrs; the Expedition given great credit to it at the same time, they were born. For while some per of the Duke of Somerset into Scotland as well by the many eminent authors it sons are labouring in the paroxysms of also has been sold for four guineas, produced in church and state, as the contention, were others pondering long- though totally inserted in Holinshed. successful detection and defeat thereby winded expedients of accommodation, From the grand collection of pamphlets befalling those religious impostures which and prescribing volumes for a recipe, which was made by Tomlinson, the had so universally enslaved the minds the dose would come too late for the dis- bookseller, from the latter end of the of men. Nay, this important reforma- ease, and the very preparation thereof year 1640 to the beginning of 1660, it tion has been much ascribed to one lit disable its efficacy. Therefore are pam- appears there were published in that tle pamphlet only, which a certain law- phlets, and such sort of tracts, rifest in space nearly thirty thousand several yer of Gray's Inn (obliged to fly into great revolutions ; which, though look- tracts; and that these were not the comGermany for having acted in a played upon by some as paper-lanterns set plete issue of that period there is good which incensed Cardinal Wolsey) com-a-flying to be gazed at by the multitude, presumption, and, I believe, proofs in

146
Origin of Pamphlets.

[December 6, 1817. being. Notwithstanding it is enriched even Solyman, the Grand Turk; with “ In this manner did some take the with near a hundred manuscripts, which Barbarossa, the pirate; and several o- liberty of calling these personages to acnobody then (being written on the side ther potentates, all condescended to be count for their misdeeds, even while of the royalists) would venture to put come tributary to the satyric muse of they were living. And with regard to into print, the whole, however, is pro- Pietro Aretino; whom, notwithstanding that most memorable usurper last mengressionally and uniformly bound in up- it is not very probable they had any tioned, thus was a celebrated writer of wards of two thousand volumes, of all way personally exasperated. Some also ours for immortalizing him: When we sizes. The catalogue, which was taken in our story might be named, who have fix any infamy on deceased persons, it by Marmaduke Foster, the auctioneer, taken the like method to assuage the ef- should not be done out of any hatred to consists of twelve vols. in folio; where- fects of their discreditable conduct ; a- the dead, but out of love and charity to in every piece has such a punctual re- mong whom are not wanting those who, the living ; that the curses that only register and reference, that the smallest, having penurivusly made their plaster too main in men's thoughts, and dare not even of a single leaf, may be readily scant for the sore, have rather multiplied come forth against tyrants, because they repaired to thereby. They were col- than subtracted from their own disgrace; are tyrants, while they are so, may at lected no doubt with great assiduity and and industriously exposed their folly by last be for ever settled and engraven expense, and not preserved, in those the imperfect concealment of their vice. upon their memory, to deter all others troublesome times, without great danger These had not the affected tenderness from the same wickedness. The misand difficulty; the books being often for their own reputations it seems, even chief of tyranny is too great, even in shifted from place to place, out of the of the Turks and barbarians; not that the shortest time that it can continue army's reach. So scarce were many of exquisite apprehension of this durable it is endless and insupportable if the exthe pamphlets, even at their publication, discipline, which may visit the sins of ample be to reign too. If it were posthat Charles I is reported to have given the fathers on their children unto the sible to cut tyrants out of history, and ten pounds for only reading one over third and fourth generation : as not the to extinguish their very names, I am of (which he could no where else procure) love, so neither the fear of men of letters, opinion it ought to be done ; but since at the owner's house in St. Paul's Church- which is noted in one of the wisest ko- they have left behind them too deep yard.

man emperors, by the historian of his wounds to be ever closed up without a “ The extraordinary price of pam-life, (Lampridius in Alexandro Severo) scar, at least let us set a mark on their phlets already mentioned, would natu- and by one of our own authors in these memory, that men of the same wicked rally excite our deliberate inquiry into words:

inclinations may be no less affrighted what has been most extraordinary in the

He feared no less a hundred lances, then with their lasting ignominy, than enticcontents of them; but so multifarious

Th' impetuous charges of a single pen.

ed by their momentary glories. are the subjects, that it cannot be ex-Well knowing

“How little soever these sentiments pected I should enumerate them in the Parva necat'morsu spatiosum vipera taurum.

may be thought to need corroboration, narrow limits of an epistolary address.

“ I shall leave it for others to discuss, I Aatter myself the following reply of What do most attract the attention of whether this sort of writing is more in- our late excellent Queen Mary ought mankind, are those dreaded scourges of clinable to flourish, and to take deeper not here to be forgotten, when some of a mal-administration, commonly, though root, by the ventilations of resentment; her courtiers would have incensed her perhaps sometimes too indiscriminately, or wither and die away in the shades of against Monsieur Jurien, who in his bearing the contumelious denomination disregard: but this we may, observe, answer to Father Maimburg, that he of libels. It matters little whether it be that some charges are of such a convinc, might the better justify the reformation reasonable or not, that such writings as ing, clinging nature, that they are found in Scotland, made a very black repreduly expose villainy should themselves not only to strike all apology or contra-sentation of their Queen Mary- Is it be vile, or that some persons, who have diction dumb, but to stick longer upon not a shame, said one of the company, been unjustly injurious by any other the names of the accused than the flesh that this man, without any considerameans may not be justly injured by upon their bones. Thus Philip the Se- tion of your royal person, should dare this; but it is obvious to all who know cond's wicked employment, treacherous to throw such infamous calumnies on a the disproportion of riches and power desertion, and barbarous persecution of queen from which your Royal Highness in the world, that there are crimes not his secretary, Antonio Perez, upbraids is descendeu? — Not atall,' replied this to be branded by other means.

And him out of the author's Librillo, through ingenuous princess, ‘for is it not enough since the lashes of reason will reach all Europe to this day. Mary, Queen that, by fulsome praises, kings be lulled where those of justice cannot ; since of Scots, has not yet got clear of Bu- asleep all their lives; but must flattery truth will project defamations from the chanan's Detection. Robert, Earl of accompany them to their graves ? how actions of oppressive rulers, as uncon- Leicester, cannot shake off Father Par- shall then princes fear the judgment of trolledly as the sun does the shadows son's Green Coat. George, Duke of

posterity, if historians were not allowed from opacous bodies, the redress of the Buckingham, will not speedily outstrip to speak the truth after their death !" effect is to be sought for in the cause ; Doctor Eglisham's Fore-runner of Reand we should apply the salve to the venge. Nor was Oliver Cromwell far

Letters of David Hume. minds which received the provocation ; from killing himself at the pamphlet

Mr. Hume's account of Rousseau in not, empiric like, seek to staunch them by which argued it to be No Murder, lest binding up

the weapons which returned it should persuade others to think so, England continues to possess so much it. Nay, we read that the Emperor and he perish by ignobler hand than interest, that we trust we shall not tire Charles V; Francis I of France; and his own.

our readers with a few further extracts

some.

December 6, 1817.]
Letters of David Hume.

147 on that subject. Even the partiality of he could not forbear, for the sake of a very in- duties, except that which was so sweet and a friend paints the wayward Jean Jac- different joke, the turning him into ridicule, agreeable to fulfil

, the cultivating your friendques as insincere, petulant, and trouble- and saying harsh things against him. I am ship, and enjoying your society. Your oblig.

a little angry with him; and I hear you are a ing expressions revive this regret in the The last letter is remarkable for great deal, but the matter ought to be treated strongest degree; especially when you men. its style and matter, so unlike any thing only as a piece of levity. The method of living is tion the wounds, which tho' skinned over still we ever saw before from the pen of not near so agreeable in London as in Paris. fester at the bottom. Hume.

The best company are usually, and more so at Oh! my dear friend, how I dread that it

present, in a flame of politics; the men of may still be long ere you reach a state of tranI have as yet scarce seen any body except letters are few, and not very sociable: The quillity, in a distress which so little admits of Mr. Conway and Lady Alesbury : Both of them women are not in general very conversible; any remedy, and which the natural elevation told me they would visit. Jean Jacques if I Many a sigh escapes me for your sweet and a- of your character instead of putting you above thought their company would not be disagree- miable conversation; I paint you to myself all it, makes you feel with greater sensibility. I able. I encouraged them to shew him that serenity; and cannot believe, that ever I had could only wish to administer the temporary mark of distinction. Here I must also tell the misfortune to displease you. often steal consolation, which the pres:nce of a friend you of a good action, which I did, not but that an hour's chat with you. Sic mihi contingat never fails to afford. it is better to conceal our good actions; but I vivere, sicque mori. As often as I see Lady The chief circumstance which hinders me consider not my seeking your approbation as Hervey or Lady Tavistock, or the Holderness from repenting of my journey is the use I an effect of vanity: Your suffrage is to me family, I have the satisfaction of hearing your have been to poor Rousseau, the most singu. something like the satisfaction of my own name mentioned, which is some consolation in lar and often the most amiable man in the conscience. While we were at Calais, I ask this land of banishment: adieu my amiable world. I have now settled him in a 'manner ed him whether, in case the King of England friend.

entirely to my satisfaction and to his own. thought proper to gratify him with a pension, London, 12 January 1766.

There is one Mr. Davenport, a worthy man, he would accept of it? I told him that the P.S. Since I wrote the above, I have seen a man of letters and sense and humanity, case was widely different from that of the King General Conway, who tells me that the King and of an ample fortune, about 6 or 7000 of Prussia ; and I endeavoured to point out to has spoke to him on the same subject, and pounds a year, an elderly man and a widowhim the difference, particularly in this cir- that the sum intended is a hundred pounds a er. Among several country seats which becumstance, that a gratuity from the King of year; a mighty accession to our friend's long to him, he has one in the county of England could never in the least endanger his slender revenue

Derby, situated amid rocks and mountains independence. He replied ; But would it not A letter has also come to me open from and rivulets and forests, and surrounded be using ill the King of Prussia, to whom 1 Guy the bookseller, by which I learn, the with the most beautiful savage country in have since been much obliged ? However on Mademoiselle sets out post, in company with England. As he seldom lives there, he prothis head, added he, in case the offer be made a friend of mine; a young gentleman very posed to me to give an apartment to our me, I shall consult my father, meaniug Lord good humoured, very agreeable, and very mad. friend, and he has there a gardener and other Mareschal. I told this story to General Con. He visited Rousseau in his mountains, who servants, for whom he must keep a table, he way, who seemed to embrace with zeal the gave him a recommendation to Paoli, the told me that he cou'd easily supply him with notion of giving him a pension, as honourable King of Corsica; where this gentleman, whose his diet, and all other conveniencies. both to the King and nation. I shall suggest name is Boswell, went last summer in search cepted of the offer provided that he woud take the same idea to other men in despair of suc-of adventures. He has such a rage for litera- | 30 pounds a year of board for M. Rousseau ceeding

ture, that I dread some event fatal to our and Madle. le Vasseur. He laughed very P. S. Since I wrote the above, I have re- friend's honour. You remember the story of heartily, but had the good nature to agree to ceived your obliging letter directed to Calais. Terentia, who was first married to Cicero, my proposal. It is a fortnight since poor

Mr. Rousseau says, the letter of the King then to Sallust, and at last in her old age Rousseau left me, and here is a paragraph of of Prussia is a forgery, and he suspects it to married a young nobleman, who imagined, a letter he writes to me.

« Vous voyez deja, come from M. de Voltaire. I have the satis- that she must possess some secret, which mon cher patron, par la date de ma lettre, que faction to tell you, that the project, which I would convey to him eloquence and genius. je suis arrive au lieu de ma destination. Mais had formed for our friend's service, has suc It is impossible for me, dear Madam, to ex. vous ne pouvez tous les charmes que J'y ceeded. You remember the conversation be press the difficulty, which I have to bear your trouve il faudroit connoitre le lieu et lire dans tween him and me at Calais, of which I gave absence, and the continual want which I feel mon coeur. Vous y devez lire au moins les you an account.

I found means to have that of your society. I had accustomed myself of sentimens qui vous regardez et que vous avez conversation related to the King, by a friend a long time to think of you as a friend from si bien merite. Si Je vis dans cet agreable azil of mine, who possesses much of his confidence. wbom I was never to be separated, during aussi heureux que Je l'espere, une des dou. He was pleased with it ; promised our philo. any considerable time, and had Aattered ceurs de ma vie sera de penser que Je vous sopher a pension, without naming the sum; myself that we were particularly fitted to pass les dois. Paire c'est meriter de l'etre. Puissiez and there now wants only Lord Mareschal's our lives in intimacy and cordiality, with vous trouver en vous meme, le prix De toutconsent to his accepting it. We have wrote each other. Age and a natural equability of ce que vous faites pour moi." to Berlin for that purpose; and I entertain no temper, were in danger of reducing my heart I must confess, however, that I have not the. doubt of our obtaining it. You know that our to too great indifference about every thing : consolation to think he will long be happy Sovereign is extremely prudent and decent, it was enlivened by the charms of your con- there. Never was man, who so well deserves and careful not to give offence : For which versation and the vivacity of your character. happiness, so little calculated by nature to reason it is wished, that this act of generosity Your mind, more agitated both by unhappy attain it. The ex'reme sensibility of his chamay be entire secret. As I am sensible it circumstances in your situation and hy your racter is one great cause, but still more, the would give you great pleasure, and as I am natural disposition, could repose itself in the frequent and violent fits of spleen and diswell acquainted with your secrecy and dis- more calm sympathy which you found with content and impatience, to which, either from cretion, I would not conceal it from you; al me: But behold three months are elapsed the constitution of bis mind or body, he is so lowing you to inform the Prince of Conti alone, since I left you; and it is impossible for me subject. These disqualify him for society, who, I know, will take part in this success. to assign a time when I can hope to join you. and are the chief reasons why he so much af. I pretend also, that you are to like me a little Lord Hertford has wrote me, that he expects fects solitude. When his health and good better, on account of the share I have had in it. to quit Ireland in a few weeks, and that he humour returns, his lively imagination gives I suppose, that by this time you have learned hopes to find me in London. I know that he him so much entertainment, that company, by. it was Horace Walpole who wrote the Prussian proposed to be in France this summer, and disturbing his musing and meditation, is raletter you mentioned to me. It is a strange he may probably desire me to delay my jour. ther troublesome to him ; so that in either inclination we have to be wits, preferably to ney, that we may go together. I still return case, he is not framed for society. He is. every thing else. He is a very worthy man; to my wish, that I had never left Paris, and commonly however the best company in the He esteems and even admires Rousseau; yet that I had kept out of the reach of all other world, when he will submit to live with med.

I ac

14S

Letters of David Hume General Dalyell.

[December 6, 1817.

merce.

Every one who saw himn here, admires the sim When I return to Paris, it will be necessary Captain Crichton, “ both in diet and plicity of his manners, his natural unaffected for me to lay a plan of life more conformable clothing. He never wore boots, nor politeness, the gaity and finesse of his convers. to my character and usual habits : I must ation. For my part, I never saw a man, and also resolve to pass a great part of my time above one coat, which was close to his very few women, of a more agreeable com among my books and in retreat. How far body, with close sleeves, like those we

will such a plan be consistent with the situa. call jockey coats. He never wore a I shall tell you a very singular story of him, tion projected. I forget to tell you that Lord peruke, nor did he shave his beard since which proves his extreme sensibility and good Mareschal has given an answer such as I ex: the murder of King Charles I. In my heart.

Mr. Davenport had thought of a contriv. that we have not yet obtained the warrant for time, his head was bald, which he coance to save him part of the expenses of his the pension; though there is no doubt to be vered only with a beaver hat, the brim journey. He hired a chaise, which would on. entertained of it. I must add that Davenport of which was not above three inches ly cost a trifle. He succeeded at first ; but told me he intended to leave our friend by will broad. His beard was white and bushy, Mr. Rousseau, the evening before his departure, the life rent of the house in which he lives, if and yet reached down almost to his began to entertain suspicions, from some cir- he finds that his attachment to it continues. cumstances which had escaped Mr. Daven- You see then that in point of circumstances, girdle. He usually went to London port's attention. He complained to me griev- he is not lo be pitied, for I have also discovered once or twice a year, and then only to ously of the trick, and said, that, tho' he was that he has some litile resources beyond what kiss the king's hand, who had a great poor, he chose rather to conform himself to he mentioned to the president Malesherbes and esteem for his worth and valour. His his circumstances, than live like a beggar up-to me.

unusual dress and figure, when he was on alms; and such pretended favours were It is one of his weaknesses, that he likes to real injuries. I replied, that I was ignorant complain : the truth is, he is unhappy, and he in London, never failed to draw after of the matter, but should inform myself of is better pleased to throw the reason on his him a great crowd of boys and other Mr. Davenport. No, cried he, no if this be a health and circumstances and misfortunes, young people, who constantly attended contrivance you are not ignorant of it; it has than on his melancholy humour and disposi- at his lodgings, and followed him with not been executed without your contrivance and tion. consent; but nothing could possibly be more Please to make my compliments to Miss huzzas, as he went to court, or returned disagreeable to me. Upon which he sate Becket: Lord Tavistock was so good as to ex

from it: As he was a man of humour, down in a very sullen humour; and all at. ecute her commission. I kiss your hands, he would always thank them for their tempts, which I could make, to revive the with all the devotion possible.

civilities when he left them at the door conversation and turn it on other subjects Lisle St. Leicester Fields.

to go into the king; and would then were in vain. After near an hour, he rose up, 3rd April, 1766. and walked a little about the room. Judge

let them know exactly at what hour he of my surprise when all of a sudden, he sat

intended to come out again, and return down upon my knees, and threw his arms a.

General Dalyell.

to his lodgings. When the king walkbout my neck, kissed me with the greatest ar

ed in the Park, attended by some of his dour, and bedewed all my face with his tears. As the brief sketch of this singular courtiers and Dalyell in his company, " Ah, my dear friend," exclained he, “ is it possible you can ever forgive my folly ? This ill man in the Tales of My Landlord has the same crowds would always be after humour is the return I make you for all the excited some attention, we have extract- him, showing their admiration of his instances of your kindness towards me. But ed the following particulars of him from beard and dress, so that the king could notwithstanding all my faults and follies, I the late edition of Kirkton's works, by hardly pass on for the crowd ; upon have a heart worthy of your friendship, be.

Mr. Kirkpatrick Sharpe. cause it knows both to love and esteein you." I

which his majesty bid the devil take hope, dear Madam, that you have not so bad

General Dalyell, the son of Thomas Dalyell, for bringing such a rabble of an opinion of me as not to think I was ex- Dalyell of Binns, descended from the boys together, to have their guts squeeze tremely affected with this scene. I confess family of Carnwath, was born about ed out, while they gaped at his long that my tears flowed as plentifully as bis: and 1599"; at an early period of life he a- beard and antic habit, requesting him,

Please to tell this story to Mde la Mares. dopted the military profession, and ad- at the same time (as Dalyell used to exchale de Luxembourg, to whom I desire that hered to the cause of Charles I. He press it) to shave and dress like other my sincere respects be presented. I also al. commanded at Carrickfergus, in Ire- christians, the keep to poor bairns out of low you to tell it to Mde de Barbantane, and land, and was there taken prisoner, danger; all this could never prevail on to such of her female friends as you think 1650; again, 1651, he was taken pri- him to part with his beard, but yet in would not think it childish. Ask Mde L'Es. soner at the battle of Worcester and compliance to his majesty, he went once, pinasse whether she can venture to tell it 10 carried to the Tower, from whence he to court

, in the very height of the faD'Alembert. I own that I am ashamed to escaped ; after which, his estates were shion ; but as soon as the king and those mention that lady's name, as I have not yet forfeited, and himself exempted from about him had laughed sufficiently at the answered the letter with whichs he honoured me. What do you think also of my ingrati

the general act of indemnity. Charles strange figure he made, he re-assumed tude when I tell you that I have not yet wrote II recommended Dalyell, for his emi- his usual habit, to the great joy of the to Mde Geofrin ? I thank God, however, that inent courage and fidelity, to Prince boys, who had not decerned him in his I have not the impudence to desire you to Radzivil, the King of Poland, and the fashionable dress. The accusation of make my apology, when I know that no apo. other foreign dignitaries, in the years being a wizard, Dalyell shared with allogy can possibly be made. I am at a loss in 1655 and 1656. The Czar of Muscovy, most all the active loyalists of his time; the Prince of Conti. Nothing can be more Alexis Michaelovitch, under whose ban- whom, however, if we can trust the auhonourable as well as agreeable to me than ners he fought, promoted him to the thor of God's judgmeuts, he so far ex. the offer which he is pleased to make me. I rank of general, and on his return to ceeded in “ devilish sophistry, that he leave you to judge what addition the pleasure Scotland, ordered a testimony of his sometimes beguiled the devil; or rather of living in your company must make to all services, in the most houourable terms, his master suffered himself to be outother inviting circumstances that attend it. But there is only one particular which we to pass the Great Seal, “ He was bred witted by him." He has also been dem must weigh together, wben we mcet. up very hardy from his youth,” says nounced as a person of manuers singur

December 6, 1817.]
General Dalyell.- Scottish Custom.-Miss M'Avoy.

149 larly rude and brutal, chiefly because at | not too old too hang; he would hang well pepper flew out in clouds. When Clau. . an examination of whigs before the pri- enough. This was amongst the last of his dius observed with what an appetite he vy council he struck one Garnock (who 22, when at his beloved exercise, drinking ate, he followed his example, and relishhad railed agairst him as “ a Musco- wine, while the cup was at his head, he reii ed his fare so well, that he said to Esvia beast that roasted men),” with the down and expired.' Lord Fountainhall adds, tonne, “Upon my soul, I never ate pomel of his sword, till the blood sprang. that the general was buried splendidly after meat prepared in this fashion; but, But it should be remembered, that sol- the military form, being attended by the stand. henceforward, I shall never more turn diers are not wont to bear such epithets fore his hearse, with his led horse and his ge

out of my way to seek other cookery." tamely.--" By my troth, captain, these nerall's battoon.

-“Sir,” said Estonne, "when I am on are very bitter words ;” and, moreover,

the Scottish moors that belong to my

Ancient Scoltish Custom. at that period, a liberality in bestowing

lord, I ride for a week or perhaps a fortblows was practised by the higher ranks,

Brantome, in his Vies des Hommes night together without seeing house or towards their inferiors, now scarcely cre- Ilustres, relates that the Vidame de harbour, or even fire, or any living creadible. In almost every comedy of that Chartres, while a prisoner of war in ture, save the beasts of the forest; then age, the fine gentleman, as he is called, England during the reign of Edward am I content with food dressed in this beats his valet de chambre, and general- III. obtained permission to visit the manner, and I should not relish it betly his whole household, whenever a fit Highlands of Scotland. After a grand ter out of an emperor's kitchen.” Thus of ill humour incites him to exercise his hunting-match, in which a great quan- did these two ride on, talking and catcane ; and this brutality must have com- tity of game had been killed, he saw ing, till they reached a valley in which monly prevailed, else it could not have these “Scotch savages” devour part of was a very fair spring. When Estonne been suffered on the stage. In the MS. their booty raw, without any other pre- saw it, he said to Claudius, “Let us : sermons of Mr. Hugh Mackaile, (in paration than putting the flesh between drink here of this beverage, which God 1649), is a passage concerning conjugal two pieces of wood, which they squeez- bestows upon all men, and which I

precorrection, which bears upon this point,ed together with such violence as to fer to all the banquets in England.” and is here printed at length, as the dis- express all the blood, so that the flesh quisition is highly edifying and import. was left quite dry. This they consider Case of Miss M-Avoy. ant, putting what regards the chastise- ed as a great dainty; and the Vidame DR. Renwick, physician to the Liver. ment of inferiors entirely out of the highly ingratiated himself with them, pooù Infirmary, has published a narraquestion.

because he partook of their fare. In tive of the singular case of this young “ Particularlie learn that a husband may the old romance, La trés élégante His- lady, with an account of some optical not stryk his wyf. Thee reid of the correction loire du trás noble Roi Perceforest (Paris, experiments connected with it from of children and servants, because they are un

1531,) this practice is described with which the following particulars are exder a more servil subjection. But no word of the wyf's correction, because her subjection is great, naiveté in the following episode, tracted :not servil, but free; shee being made of rib in which Estonne, a Scottish knight, This lady entered into the 18th year of his syde, and not of a bone of his foot. 06- who has killed a deer, addresses his of her age in June last. From the age jection. May not a man draw blood of himself companion, Claudius, in these words :- of nine months she has always been in for his health? Anstoer. Of a legge or arme,

Now, Sir, eat as I do.”—“So I might, bad health. Her first ailment appears why not? but not of his heart, and a man's wyf is his heart. Objection. Does not Christ if we had but a fire.”—" By my bro- to have been an affection of the brain, correct his kirk? Answer. Christ is not onlie ther's soul,” cried Estonne, “ I will cook or its membranes, as her recovery the kirk's husband, but her absolut, and Lord for you, after the fashion of my country, was owing to a discharge of thick matand King over her, as no husband is over his as it befits a knight-errant.” Hereupon ter from her ears and nostrils. She next wyf; therefore, as Job reproved his wyf, so

he drew his sword, went up to a tree, had the scarlet fever and hooping cough, may hee, but no stryking. Objection. What if a woman be verie stubborn ? Answer. A cut off a branch, which he split very which last was succeeded by a violent man in this case hath to look what end he had deep, two feet at least ; then placed a inflammation of her eyes. “When the before him in his choice; and if to gett his slice of the deer in the cleft, took his 'eyelids were raised up,” says Dr. Reneye and his hand filled hath been his maine horse's bridle, and bound the end of the wick, end, he must drink as he hath brewin, and branch so tightly, that all the blood and mass of blood." They were cured by

“ the eyeballs appeared as one his partie no offence or matter of irritation to juice spirted out of the flesh, and it was ' Johnston's golden ointment. In Octoanake her worse. And if hee be conscious hee left quite dry. He then took it and ber 1814, she caught a violent cold, athath acknowledged God in his choice, and yet pulled off the skin, and the flesh looked tended with coughi

, loss of appetite, and to pray to God for his wyf, and take upe his as white as that of a capon. Upon this great debility. In February 1815 her crosse and beir it after Christ. And if shee be he said to Claudius: “Sir, I have cook- thighs became ædematous, and the body so stubborn that there is no cohabiting with ed the flesh after the manner of my was much swollen. On the 14th of June her, there are both civil and ecclesiastick cen- country; you may dine daintily upon 1816, Dr. Renwick received a message sures. The magistrat is custos utriusque tabu it, and I will show you how.” He to visit her early next morning, and he Lae ; and if a brother or sister walk inorderlie, then reached with his hand to a place describes the condition in which he found they are to be noted, and proceedit against by the censures of the kirk.”

near his saddle, and brought out salt her: On the 5th she had taken little or no The following particulars of Dalyell and pounded pepper and ginger, which food for the last three weeks. The pulse appear in a note by Mr. Sharpe.

he mixed and strewed upon the flesh, varied from 84 to 140. There had been One William Hannah was brought before rubbed it and cut it in two parts: one no appearance of the menses for three the council, and when pleading he was too old he presented to Claudius, and began to months. She complained of cough, pain to banish, Dalyell told him roughly, he was eat so heartily of the other, that the in the right side, tightness of the chest,

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