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December 6, 1817.]
Report of Chemistry and Natural Philosophy.

165 gen for gas lights, from birch-bark mix- mains. This mode of igniting a metal assured the Professor that a clear and dry ated with pitch-pine knots. Six ounces and keeping it in a constant state of ig- mosphere is essential to the success of the proof the former. and two of pine knot nition, is a novel fact in the history of iets ise but that the temperature is a matter of

indifference were put in a metal tea kettle; the cover chemistry.

Mr. Thomas Holt, of Cork, has found that was closely luted with clay, and the ket Dr. Ure, of Glasgow, has finished both the common and dwarf kidney-bean tle placed on the fire: in from five to an elaborate series of experiments on phascolus vulgaris and p. nanns) as well as the seven minutes the gas escaped out of chlorine, the principal object of which common garden bean ( faba vicia) and all its the nozzle of the kettle, and being set was, to ascertain whether water or its varieties, bitherto considered by botanists

as annual plants, are, in reality, perenni. fire to gave a clear light equal to three elements existed in, and could be ex- als.

If they are cut down in the autumn candles, for one hour and thirty mi- tracted from, muriate of ammonia. He before the appearance of sharp frosts, and the nutes. Ten ounces of birch-bark alone has perfectly succeeded in obtaining wa- roots covered with stable litter, they will shoot passing through a reed, produced a ter from the dry and recently sublimed up again in spring, and though the pods do Aame for three hours without burning the salt; the vapour of the latter being and succeeding years, yet the crop is not so reed. The carburetted hydrogen from transmitted through laminæ of pure sil- liable to be injured by the vicissitudes of the fine saw-dust, as well as from coal, has ver, copper, and iron, ignited in glass weather as that of fresh sown plants. been exhibited every year for these four tubes, water and hydrogen were copi.

Professor Dobereiner, of Göttingen, has obyears in a course of lectures in that ously evolved, while the pure metals tained an extraordinary product from the country. Liverpool coal yields about were converted into metallic muriates. ments on the inflammable gas of coal, which 25 gallons of gas to the pound of coal, This fact is decisive, in the doctor's o- he mixed with aqueous vapour in a red-hot and pine saw-dust about 18, in a small pinion, of the great chemical controver-iron tube, he obtained not only inuch carbu. experiment: in a large way it would sy relative to chlorine and muriatic a- retted hydrogen gas and carbonic acid, but al. probably yield more. cid, and seems to establish the theory of sembling gelatine," which settling about the

so a considerable quantity of a substance reM. Orfila has published an interest- Berthollet and Lavoisier, in opposition tube at length stopped it up completely. On ing notice on the subject of Morphium, to that more lately advanced by Sir analysing this substance he found it to be a a principle recently discovered and ana- Humphrey Davy with such apparent mixture of water and grease. The gas itself lysed by M. Robiquet. It is particular- cogency of argument, as to have led al-contained a considerable quantity of this grease ly in the poppy that this crystallizible most all the chemists of Europe to em transparent, and had a strong smell of melted

mechanically suspended ; it was not very substance is found, and by analogy it brace his opinion. The details of Dr. fat. may be supposed to exist in the other Ure's experiments will be speedily laid and greasy matter. The Professor is in hopes species of that family. The narcotic before the public.

of being able to extract alcohol from the same quality of the poppy is owing to mor

Professor Morichini, of Rome, has found substances by a similar process, for the comphium, which possesses some properties that the violet rays of the prismatic spectrum ponent elements of that combustible liquid are

contained in them, and the conditions of the in common with ammonia. It seems to municating the magnetic property to needles. combination either exist already or may be be a kind of solid and combustible alka- Professor Playfair of Edinburgh, in whose easily procured. li. Its action on the animal economy is presence the experiment was performed, dur.

The interesting experiment of Professor Lesviolent, even in the smallest quantity. ing his late visit to Italy, by Dr. Carpi, gives lie, has been repeated in London by Mr. Stod.

The stone from which he made his abIt combines readily with acids, and this account of the process. — A solar ray en

tering a room by a circular hole made in the sorbent powder was taken from Salisbury forms salts of remarkable crystalliza- shutter was received upon an ordinary prism. Craigs, near Edinburgh. It was pounded and tion, and with properties no doubt e-The spectrum resulting from the refraction dried; and with ir, under an exhausted requally remarkable.

was caught upon a screen ; a book was then ceiver, a small body of water was soon frozen. Professor Davy, of the Cork Institu- set up in such a manner as to intercept the on procuring a very low receiver, and prepation, while pursuing some investigations

whole of the spectrum excepting the violet ring a larger surface of earth, the process was

rays, in the prolongation of which a support accelerated, a larger body of water being soon on platinum, has found a peculiar com was fixed for the needle to be magnetised, converted into a cake of ice. Experiments pound of that metal possessing some re- which was a thin piece of steel taken from were made with various other absorbents

, of markable properties. When it comes among several others, and which, when tried, which pipe-clay was the best, equalizing in in in contact with the vapour of alcohol at manifested neither polarity nor any power of tensity the whin-trap itself. The latter, howthe common temperature of the air, the with wax horizontally upon the support ; and tion, will probably prove to be the best mate

attraction for iron filings. It was fastened ever, when in a state of complete decomposiplatinum is reduced to the metallic state, in a direction intersecting the magnetic meri- rial for the refrigerating process. and the heat produced is sufficient to dian nearly at right angles. The whole of

Cork, when treated in Papin's Digister with ignite the metal, and to keep it in a the violet ray was collected by a lens of pro- water, gave out, (says Chevreul), an aromatic state of ignition. This new compound per size into

a focus, which was moved slowly principle, and a little acetic acid, which passMr. Davy has already employed as a

along the needle, beginning at the middle, 10. ed over with the water into the receiver. 'The wards one of the extremities, and always to

extract formed by the water contained two cosimple and easy medium of producing wards the same ; taking care never to move louring matters, the one yellow, the other red; light and heat ; for which

it back in the contrary direction.

After this an acid, the nature of which was not deter. nothing more is necessary than to operation had been continued half an hour, mined; gallic acid; an astringent substance ; moisten any porous animal, vegetable, have acquired any perceptible polarity or at luble in water, and insoluble in alcohol ; gal:

the needle was examined and found not to a substance containing azote; a substance soa or mineral substance, as sponge, cot-traction. The process was resumed for 25 late of iron; lime; and traces of magnesia : ton, asbestos, iron filings, sand, &c. with minutes more, making in the whole 55 mi twenty parts of cork thus treated by water left alcohol or whiskey, and let a bit of the nutes, at the end of which time the needle was 17.15 of insoluble matter. The undissolved recompound fall on the substance so mois

found to be strongly magnetic; the point on sidue, being treated a sufficient number of times tened, which instantly becomes red hot, from the north pole, and the whole needle variety of bodies, but which seem reducible +

which the violet ray had been moved flying with alcohol in the same apparatus, yielded a and so continues while any spirit re- powerfully attracting iron filings. Dr. Carpi (threc; namely, cerin, rcsin, and an oil,





[December 6, 1817.




Unconscious of the pangs of earthly woe, I now return of all the train,

And, as we lov'd the right, and scorn'd the sole pilgrim on the silent plain, Scenes of my infancy! whose artless charms wrong,

To all unknowing and unknown, Did rapture to my youthful heart convey ; Knew well—and felt it was enough to know. To wander and to weep alone. Sweet are thy groves, where oft, within mine That virtue can alone true happiness bestow! Yet as those early scenes appear,

A. A-d. So long to faithful memory dear, Reclin'd the partner of my early day :

Even as bursts forth th' unconscious sigh, Yes! many a pleasant hour did glide away,


And the tear trembles in mine eye,
grew the harebell and the primrose fair

, On Revisiting the Scenes of " Early Recollec. They render back in liveliest tone,

Thoughts long forgot,-joys long forgone ; The waving ringlets of her auburn hair,

And 'spite of every wayward will, As with a heavenly smile she did repay my with thee still peace and pleasure reigns,

Sweet Esk! My dear loved native plains ;

Here do I love to wander still ; care !

Por Oh! those scenes so rude and wild, How gladly do I bend my pace,

Howe'er depeopled and dispoil'd, Oft, on the mossy bank, the poet's tale Once more thy long lost haunts to trace ; Lends a sweet feeling to my heart, of Anna and of Edgar cross'd in love, Once more I fly from toil and fear,

No other scene could e'er impart; Waken'd our tears their sad fate to bewail ; To visit all my heart holds dear ;

With thee still peace and pleasure reigns ; 'Twas theirs affection's constancy to prove ; Tho' now I tread thy rugged shore

Sweet Esk! My dear loved native plains ! And, as our kindred hearts did pitying move, With steps less airy than before,

E. B.
The shepherd's pipe, amid the evening's My face now wears a graver air,
With less of pleasure than despair,

With soothing sound awoke; and bright a. My heart now beats another tone,
To youth and innocence unknown.

Away with concourse-dancing-noise-
Like roses bursting from their wintry tomb, Since last I gazed upon thy stream; Vacant pleasures-empty joys-
The twinkling stars of heaven did tremulously Since last I felt youth's joyful dream, Where fashion holds her giddy round,
Full many a toil and grief and woe,

And love, like laughter, is a sound ; Hath this poor heart been doomed to know! Constrain’d by pride, indulg'd with art, And through the churchyard in the dreary Full many a pang hath reached my mind, Where all is joyful--but the heart! dale,

From hope estranged to fate resigned, Our homeward steps have oft directed been, and many a tear my joy beguil'd

Matilda ! let us fly from these As twilight o'er the landscape drew ber veil, Since las: I trode thy fairy wild !

To other scenes, that better please ; And night's fog on the river's bed was seen : When last I trode thy fairy wild

Come, let us seek, my charming maid, Full many a secret dread had we, I ween, Gay hope, and peace, and pleasure smil'd ! Some lone, some solitary shade, And faster to my arm sweet Laura clung, With the young tiny race I stray'd

Beside the brook, beneath the trees, While rising Cynthia ting'd, with colours Delighted in thy shadowy glade,

That shade the sun, and cool the breeze; sheen, Pursued each sport and pleasure gay

Where bees may hum, and birds may sing, The old yew trees, whose clustering branch. Where hope and fancy led the way,

And zephyrs flit on fragrant wing. es fung, While mirth and thoughtless joy combined,

Oh! there delighted would we stray, Their darkening shadows o'er the graves where- To please the young unconscious mind. on they spiung.

But now those hours of joy are

Nor count it long-a summer day!

Hope, friends, and fancy, all are flown;

And there we, on the spangi'd green,
Oh ! happy years of love and innocence,
All the bright visions hope supplied

Might talk unbeard, and sigh unseen,
When all was pleasure, and no day seem'a Fled unattained, untasted died;

While none our secret steps might spy, long!

Nor view us with an envious eye ;
And many a distant clime contains,
Ye rise upon my mind, tho' Aled from hence, Those hearts once joined upon these plains.

Nor to a tattling world reveal,
Like the slow measures of melodious song.

What you may give, or ) may steal! The pleasant banks of Esk we stray'd along, I • No. 3 of Observer.

W. G.



sacrifices; and that “ the termination of the ence. Knowing nothing of the parties, seeing

too oppressive charge of occupation will be very different details of their conduct, and not On the 18th ult. the French Chamber of De- hastened,” in order that the country may at understanding the precise meaning of newputies went up with its address to the King. length be free, &c.

fangled words, we can gather no more from It differs little in expression, and not at all in The chambers have concluded their internal this exhibition, but that these persons are dissentiment, from the king's speech, or from the organization ; M. De Serre, the president of satisfied with the existing state of things in address presented by the other Chamber. Every the deputies last year, has been re-elected to Germany, and are advocates of some kind of one of these state documents loudly complains that office. The Duke of Angouleme has re- reform. of the rigorous treaties imposed upon France turned to Paris, and great importance seems The ex-empress Maria Louisa has officially by the Allied Sovereigns--of the enormous sa to have been attached to his tour, for it is the denied, in the Parma Gazette, the genuinecrifices to wbich she has submitted in conse chief topic touched upon by the king in his ness of the declaration to the congress of quence, and of the exorbitant and oppressive answer to the address of the peers.

Vienna, forged by some Buonapartist, and demands to which she is daily subjected from Some convocation of German students at promulgated in her name about two months some of the contracting parties; although of Wartzburg has been performing a sort of auto-ago. such a nature and to such an extent as could da-fe on the anniversary of the battle of Leip The Russian squadron, consisting of seven not have been foreseen at the time. A hope sic; they prayed, walked in procession, din. sail of line-of-battle ships, sold to Spain, has is intimated by the Chamber of Deputies, that ed, burnt some books, took the sacrament, sailed tor Cadiz. an “ equitable limit” will be placed to their and professed their love of German independ. I The emperor Alexander, with his empresa,

December 6, 1817.]

Foreign Intelligence.- Domestic Affairs.


and the empress-mother, entered Moscow on ance in the Chapel, began to chaunt the so- 1812 the town as advised by counsel that the 12th ult.

lemn service of * I know that my Redeemer Mr. Craig's plan was an effectual bar to such An Algerine squadron, consisting of five liveth ;" the canopy followed the choristers, design. After noticing the act of Parliament small vessels, put to sea on the 28th of Sep- and moved at a very slow pace-it apneared for building the Chapel at the west end of tember, to cruize against Hamburgh and Prus- to be of immense length, and, being borne high Princes Street, and empowering the magistrates sian vessels.

in the air, had a most imposing effect : under to carry into execution the improvements in A dispatch from the Spanish minister for this.was the coffin, carried by eight Yeomen of St. Ann's Street, it was farther resolved, That foreign affairs, repeats the intelligence of a the Guard, and the magnificent pall was sup- as the magistrates had no legal power to ausquadron having sailed from Algiers with the ported by four Baronesses. Prince Leopold thorize the erection of such buildings as are plague on board, and adds, that the pirates followed the coffin as chief mourner : his ap- now in progress at the west side of the North landed frequently upon the shores of Grenada, pearance created the deepest interest; his Bridge, immediate legal steps should be taken and communicated with several vessels upon countenance was dejected ; his manner full of to prevent their being proceedled with ; it being that coast.

despondency; and though he made evident el- the understanding of the meeting that no A smart shock of an earthquake at St. He- forts to preserve calmness and fortitude, yet buildings higher than the shops can be erected lena was experienced on the 21st September. he now and then burst into a fond of tears. on the North Bridge, without serious injury to

He walked along with unsteady steps, and the city. A committee was then appointed to DOMESTIC NEWS.

took the seat provided for him at the head of confer with the magistrates; and it was a.

the coffin, between the Dukes of York and greed that the expence of the proceedings be Funeral of the Princess Charlotte. Clarence. The royal dormitory in which the discharged by a subscription. The nature of On Tuesday the 18th, pursuant to the pre

Princess's remains are deposited, adjoins the the design, and the height to which those parations made, the mortal remains of the east end of St. George's Chapel. It made a buildings have been carried, seem to have dis. Princess Charlotte and her infant were solemn- most ruinous appearance until the year 1800, appointed the expectations of many persons ; ly removed from Claremont to Windsor for in. when his Majesty ordered the windows and and to this cause doubtless is to be attributed terment; and, at a little past 8 o'clock on the other external parts to be repaired. In the the delay in making the present opposition, evening of Wednesday, were deposited in the year 1810, his Majesty was determined to con- till the buildings were nearly finished. St. royal sepulchre of St. George's Chapel. When struct within its walls a royal dormitory.- Ann's Street, it cannot be denied, presented a the bodies of the Princess Charlotte and her An excavation was formed of the whole length very unseemly appearance; and the plan of Royal infant came into Windsor, the funeral and width of the building, to the depth of 15 erecting a row of elegant houses in place of it procession was preceded by 100 of the Horse feet from the surface. In this the sepulchre is seemed deserving of approbation. 'How far Guards Blue, and the infant and the urn were

constructed. The dimensions of the tomb are the design, now it is so nearly completed, can immediately conveyed to St. George's Chapel, 70 feet in length, 28 in width, and 14 in be said to be ornamental, is a question on and there received by the Hon. and Rev. Dr. depth. The receptacles for bodies on the which every one is called upon to decide. It Hobart, the Dean, the Rev. Mr. Northey, and sides of the tomb are formed by massive Go- is certaintly to be regretted that the proposi. the Rev. Dr. Cockson. The most profound si- thic colums, of an octagon shape, supporting tion of the magistrates for receiving designs lence was observed by all ; eight Yeomen of a range of four shelves, each of which in the from Messrs. Burn and Elliot, the architects, the Guard standing round. The body and the space between the two columns, will contain had not been acceded to by the proprietors of urn were then gradually lowered by a windlass two bodies, the whole range of each side ad- the ground; that no difference of opinion into the Royal cemetery; two of the yeomen niches for the reception of as many coffins. tion of this improvement.

At the east end are five might have existed as to the effect and execudescending to receive them. They were deposited temporarily on a shelf, previous to be. In the middle 12 low tombs are erected for ing placed on the coffin of the Princess. No the Sovereigns. The sepulchre will thus con

Anniversary of St. Andrew.-Sunday being service took place, but an awful stillness was

tain 81 bodies. The columns are of fine Bath the Anniversary of the Tutelar Saint of Scotpreserved. His Serene Highness had express stone, and the shelves of fine

Yorkshire stone. land, the Grand Lodge, in consequence of the ed his intention to sit up all night with the A subterraneous passage is formed from the arrangements of the Most Worshipful Grand corpse of the Princess, or, at least, to visit it. yault under the choir of St. George's Chapel, Master, assembled in Freemasons Hall on He did so during the night, and again at eight in which an aperture is made, near the ascent Monday, at one o'clock, for the purpose of o'clock next morning. Some few persons at

to the altar, for the bodies to descend. From electing their office-bearers for the ensuing tached to the household were asterwards per

the columns springs a vaulted roof over the year, when the following were chosen unani. mitted 10 enter the awful chamber. The pa tomb. - In this mausoleum are deposited the mously: rish church was exceedingly thronged this bodies of the Princess Amelia, who was inter.

His Royal Highness the PRINCE REGENT, morning to hear divine service, and a sermon

red November 13, 1810, and the Duchess of grand master mason and patron of the to be preached by the Rev Isaac Gossett. At Brunswick, interred March 31, 1813.

order. eight in the evening, the funeral procession

Sir John Marjoribanks of Lees, Bart. M. P. of the Princess set out from the Lower Lodge

Edinburgh, December 4, 1817. acting grand master under his Royal to the Chapel. There were no torch lights, A general meeting of the inhabitants of Highness. nor beating of drums. Prince Leopold, at this city has been held here, respecting the build. Most Noble George Marquis of Tweedale, tended by Baron Hardenbrooke and Dr. ings now erecting and proposed to be erected grand master elect. Stockman, followed the hearse in a mourn on both sides of the North Bridge. The meet. Right Honourable James Earl of Fise, past ing coach and six.—Then came two carriages ing was numerously and most respectably at grand master. of his Serene Highness.--Five mourning tended, Professor Playfair in the chair. Va. William Inglis, Esq. of Middleton, substicoaches, empty, closed the procession. At rious resolutions were proposed by Mr. J. tute grand master. a quarter before nine, the hearse, drawn by Stuart, W. S. which were seconded by Sir F. John Hay, Esq. younger of Hayston and eight black horses, preceded by two troops of Walker, W. S. 1. That it was agreed the Smithfield, senior grand warden. the Blues, entered the Castle gate. Ninety- New Town should be built agreeably to a plan Sir William Hamilton of Preston and Finnine of the royal servants in state liveries, with given in by Mr. James Craig, architect. 2. galton, Bart. junior grand warden. torches, and twenty-four mutes, accompanied That the tenants contracted with the town on Sir John Hay of Hayston and Smithfield, the body. Eleven coaches belonging to the the faith of the North Loch being laid out as Bart. grand treasurer. Royal Family, with six horses each, followed garden ground. 3. That it was fixed by a Alexander Lawrie, Esq. grand secretary. in funeral procession. The serenity of the decreet-arbitral of the late Lord Justice-Clerk James Bartram, Esq. grand clerk. night, the moon shining in unclouded majesty, Rae, that no buildings other than those exist Dr. John Lee, grand chaplain. blending its tranquil rays with the artificial ing should be erected on the ground opposite William Cunningham, Esq. grand jeweller. glare of the funeral flambeaux, threw an aw to Princes Street. 4. That the magistrates Mr. Alexander Peacock, grand bible bearer. ful, a religious, and an interesting effect on have, notwithstanding, in 1779, 1800, and Immediately after the election, (about two the whole of this sepulchral pageant. The 1811, attempted to grant feus of parts of the o'clock), the grand lodge, followed by the brechoristers, as soon as they made their appear. ground opposite Princes Street; and that in thren of the other lodges, all in deep mourning


Births.-Marriages. -- Deaths.-Markets.

[December 6, 1817.


walked in grand funeral procession, from Free. Captain Frederick Thomas Hutchinson, of At Cumbernauld, Anne Hamilton, wife of masons' Hall to the High Church, where an the East India Company's military service in the Rev. Professor Geo. Hill. appropriate discourse was preached by the Bengal, to Miss Isabella Mitchelson, third At Buntingford, Dr. Robert Wood, youngest right worshipful grand chaplain, Dr. Lee, Pro- daughter of the late Archibald Hepburne , son of the late Dr Wood of Perth. fessor of Church History in St. Mary's College, Mitchelson, Esq. of Middleton.

At Port Glasgow, Mr. Peter Hutcheson, of St. Andrews, from the prayer of Solomon at At Lufsness, Thomas Darling, Esq. West the Customs the dedication of the Temple, 2d Chronicles Fortune, to Miss Alison Yule, youngest daugh At his house in George's Square, Sir Patrick vi, 28, 29, 30, and 31. ter of James Yule, Esq. of Gibslees.

Inglis, Bart. After divine service, the order of procession At Edinburgh, Mr. James Johnstone, from At Deptford, Mary, wise of John Oswald, being reversed, (the junior lodge first), the Haddington, student of medicine, to Jane, Esq. of the Victualling Office, and daughter of brethren of the different lodges returned to youngest daughter of Admiral Campbell, Le- the late James Drummond, of the same estaba Freemasons' Hall, whence each lodge depart. tham, near Haddington.

lishment. ed to its respective lodge room, agreeable to At Manse of Logie, David Watson, Esq. At Sandbed poor-house, Dumfries-shire, the resolution of the grand master, that no late of Martinico, to Miss Ogilvie, from Bal- aged 70, Ann Sim. She was remarakable for public celebration of the festival should take rownie.

her pedestrian jowers, as she was often known place this year, in consequence of the recent

to walk to Dumfries and back again, a dis. great national calamity. A detachment of the

tance of 50 miles, by mid-day of the day she

DEATHS. Scots Greys paraded the streets with inuffled

At his house, in Portland Place, London, thence in the space of 40 hours, though the

set out; as also to Edinburgh, and return music, during the procession.

Arthur Balfour, Esq. late Major in the service distance travelled is 174 miles.

of the East India Company.
At Drumsheugh, William Walker, Esq. of

At Saughtonhall, Lieutenant-Colonel Coll At Charlotte Square, Lady Elizabeth Hope Coats.

M.Donald, late of the Royals.
Vere, of a daughter.

Here, at his house, Buccleuch Place, aged
At Content-house, near Ayr, the Lady of 75, Mr. John Ogill, writer.
Captain Archibald Fullarton, of a daughter.
Here, at Fountainbridge, Mrs. Ann David.

At Ormiston Manse, Mrs. Ramsay, of a son, widow of Mr. John Thornton, late mer.

Corn EXCHANGE, Nov. 28. chant in Haddington, aged 47. At Heriot Row, the Lady of Sir James Here, aged 77, Mrs. Lyall, relict of James since Monday, for which that day's prices were

We have had a few fresh arrivals of Wheat Douglas, K.C.B. of a son.

Lyall, Esq. provost of Montrose. Mrs. Donaldson, Dundas Street, of a daugh

At Kirkton-house, Campsie, Yrs. M'Lach- fully obtained.-Barley meets a better sale

lan, wise of James J. M•Lachlan, Esq. of Kil.than on Wednesday, but we do not quote it Lady Frances Buchanan Riddel, of a son.

higher.-In Beans, Pease, and Oats, we have choan, Argyllshire. At Broughty Ferry, the Lady of Sir William Wiseman, Bart. of a daughter.

At Edinburgh, the Rev. John Young, late no alteration to notice. minister of the Associate Congregation, Kin.

Haddington, Nov. 28. The Lady of Major-General Nead, of a son. cardine.

A large supply of Wheat in market, which In Charlotte Square, Mrs. Tytler, of Wood

At Shotts Manse, Henrietta Porteous, only sold heavily ; prices considerably lower than houselee, or a daughter. At Edinburgh, Mrs. Greig, of Hallgreig, of of Shotts. child of the Rev. William Proudfoot, minister last day ; best new 48s current prices from

| 32s. to 44s. ; best old ditto 36s. current prices a daughter.

At Glasgow, Mr. James Alexander, surgeon. from 28s. to 35s. Barley 1s. 6d. higher than At Dalkeith, the wife of John Robertson, a

At the Cape of Good Hope, Thomas Sheri- last day; best 39s. current prices from 31s. to poor industrious day labourer, of two sons and dan, Esq. eldest son of the right honourable 378. Oars the same as last day ; best 30s. a daughter. Richard Brinsley Sheridan.

current prices from 21s. to 29s. Pease from The Countess of Abingdon, of a son.

At his house in King's Street, Donald Mac-28s. to 32s. and Beans from 29s. to 35s. 1306 At Easton Cottage, on the 18th ult. the lachlan, Esq. of Maclachlan.

Bolls of Wheat in market. Lady of Lieutenant-Colonel Balfour, of a son.

At Hopes, East Lothian, Mr. John Hay, At Windsor, the Lady of Lieutenant-Colo- aged 16, eldest son of James Hay, Esq. W. S.

Dalkcith, Dec. 1. nel West, of a daughter.

The quantity of oatmeal at market was 260
Mrs. Susan Edgar, widow of Mr. William bolls, which sold readily at fully higher prices;
At Lambeth Terrace, the Lady of John Dickie, secretary to the Caledonian Insurance best 28s. current 27s. inferior 24s. per boll ;
Begbie, Esq. of a son.
Company, Edinburgh.

retail Is. 9d. to Is. 10d. per peck.
Mr. James Anderson, cooper, Leith.
At Bushelhill, David Rochead, Esq. of Barn-

Edinburgh, Dcc. 3. At Upper Halloway, John Hunter, Esq. of side, late writer in Haddington.

This day there were 360 bolls of oatmeal in Middlesex, to Jessie, daughter of John Young, At his house, Tranent Lodge, in the 79th Edinburgh market, which sold, First 30s. 6d. Esq. of Bellwood.

year of his age, Mr. William Wood, late --Second, 29s. fid. per boll.-Retail price per At Dundee, James Bonnar, Esq. surgeon, bleacher at Gifford.

peck of best oatmeal 25.-Second ls. ild. Auchtermuchty, to Hannah, second daughter At Invergowrie, James Menzies Clayhills,

- There were also 59 bolls of Pease and Bar. of Mr. John Ferrier, merchant there.

eldest son of James Clayhills, Esq. of Inver- ley Meal, which sold at 20s. 60.-Retail price At Dalkeith, Mr. Walter Simpson, to Mary, gowrie, and late a captain in the royal Scots, per peck, Is. 5d. third daughter of the late Mr. John Ferme, in the 31st year of his age.

December 3. Riggenhead.

At sea, on his passage from Demerara to There were 1350 sheep in the Grassmarket, Rev. John Cleghorn, of North College Street Quebec, at the age of 24 years, Lieutenant Edinburgh, this morning, which sold at from Chapel, tu Miss M. Callender, daughter of the Robert M.Kenzie, of the 60th regiment. 12s. to 27s. per head. There were also 300 late Mr. George Callender, measurer, Edin At her house in Buccleuch Street, Miss black cattle in the market, which sold at from burgh.

Brown, eldest daughter of the late John Brown, 6s. to 7s. 6d. per stone, sinking offals, (sale At Burnhouse, Mr. Benjamin Mathie, wri. Esq. merchant in Edinburgh.

dull). ter, Glasgow, to Elizabeth, daughter of the de. Here, Mr. Alexander Wilson, painter, aged ceased James Forlong, Esq. late merchant, 27 years.

Edinburgh Corn Market, Nov. 26. Glasgow.

At Oakfield, Argyllshire, John Macneill, We had a good supply of Wheat at market. At Perth, Mr. James Nicoll, younger, mer- Esq. senior, of Gigha.

Fine sold readily, and Is. dearer, but inferior chant in Dundee, to Miss Agnes Maria, daugh At Milr.alcolm Manse, the Rev. John was heavy, at last prices ; best 60s. current ter of lieutenant-Colonel Constable.

Brown, minister of the parish, in the 69th 40s. to 48s. A good supply of Barley, top At Downpatrick, Ireland, David Thomas, year of his age, and 30th of his ministry. price same as last, but general prices 1s. highEsq. 92d, or Gordon Highlanders, to Miss At Leith Walk, Mrs. Jerment Crawfurd, er; best 36s. current 30s. to 36s. 6d. Oats as Caldos, daughter of Captain Caldos, Donegal aged 77, relict of Mr. Robert Shortreid, late last ; best 30s. Pease and Beans 1s, dearer; militia. merchant in Leith.

best 31s.

Aler. Laurie & Co., Printers. Edinburgh

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The First of April, or All Fool's Day. doctrine. This was done in order to agree. Little of the means of conjec

quiet their possession, and to secure ture has been transmitted to us; and While April morn her Folly's throne exalts ;

their tenure: an admirable expedient, that little can only be eked out by conWhile Dob calls Nell, and laughs because she and extremely fit in those barbarous jecture. halts;

times to prevent the people from re In poor Robin's almanac for 1760 While Nell meets Tom, and says his tail is loose, turning to their old religion. Among there is a metrical description of the And laughs in turn and calls poor Tom a goose ; these, in imitation of the Roman Satur- modern fooleries on the first of April, Let us, my Muse, through Folly's harvest

nalia, was the Festum Fatuorum, when with an open avowal of ignorance as to range, And glean some moral into Wisdom's grange. part of the jollity of the season, was a the origin :

Verses on Several Occasions, London, 1782. burlesque election of a mock pope, mock The first of April some do say,
A custom, says “ The Spectator,” cardinals, mock bishops, attended with a

Is set apart for all fool's day; prevails every where among us on the thousand ridiculous and indecent cere But why the people call it so, first of April, when every body strives monies, gambols, and antics, such as Nor !, nor they themselves do kaow. to make as many fools as he can. The singing and dancing in the churches, in

But on this day are people sent

On purpose for pure merriment; wit chiefly consists in sending persons lewd attitudes

, to ridiculous anthems,

And though the day is known before, on what are called sleeveless errands, for all allusively to the exploded pretensions Yet frequently there is great store the History of Eve's Mother, for pigeon's of the Druids, whom these sports were Of these forgetfuls to be found, milk, with similar ridiculous errands. calculated to expose to scorn and de

Who're sent to dance Moll Dixon's round,

And, having tried each shop and stall, He takes no notice of the rise of this rision.

And disappointed at them all, singular kind of anniversary.

This feast of fools, he continues, had

At last some tells them of the cheat, The French too have their All Fool's its designed effect ; and contributed, Then they return from the pursuit, Day, and call the person imposed upon, perhaps, more to the extermination of And straight way home with shame they run, an April fish, poison d'Avril.” Bel- those heathens than all the collateral aid And others laugh at what is done.

But 'tis a thing to be disputed, lenger, in his French proverbs, endea- of fire and sword, neither of which were

Which is the greatest fool reputed, vours at the following explanation of spared in the persecution of them. The The man that innocently went, this custom : the word poison, he con- continuance of customs, especially droll Or he that him design’dly sent. tends, is corrupted through the igno- ones, which suit the gross taste of the

In Ward's “War of the Elements," rance of the people from “passion;" multitude, after the original cause of London 1708, in his epitaph on the and length of time has almost totally them has ceased, is a great, but no un- French prophet, who was to make his defaced the original intention, which common absurdity.

resurrection on the 25th of May, he was to commemorate the passion of our The epithet old fools (in the northern Saviour. That took place about this and old English auld) does not ill accord O' th’ first of April had the scene been laid,

says, time of the year, and as the Jews sent with the pictures of Druids which have I should have laugh'd to've seen the living made the son of man backwards and forwards been transmitted to us. The united Such April fools and blockheads by the dead. to mock and torment him, i. e. from appearance of wisdom, age, and sanctity,

Goldsmith, in his Vicar of Wakefield, Annas to Caiaphas, from him to Pilate, which these ancient priests assumed, from Pilate to Herod, and thence again doubtless contributed in no small degree speaks of rustics who shewed their wit to Pilate, this ridiculous or rather impi- to the deception of the people. The on the 1st of April. ous custom took its rise, by which we christian teachers, in their labours to

So, in “The First of April, or Trisend about from one place to another undeceive the fettered multitudes, would umphs of Folly,” London, 1797– such persons as we think proper objects probably spare no pains to pull off the 'Twas on the morn when April doth appear, of our ridicule. Such is Bellenger's ex- masks from these venerable hypocrites, "Twas on the morn when laughing Folly rules, planation.

and point out to their converts that age And calls her sons around and dubs them fools, There is nothing, hardly, says the was not always synonymous with wis- Bids them be bold, some untried path explore, author of the essay, to retrieve the an- dom; that youth was not the peculiar And do such deeds as fools ne’er did before.cient Celtic, that will bear a clearer de- period of folly; and that together with See the World, No. 10, for some monstration, than that the primitive young, there were old fools.

pleasant remarks on this subject, supchristians, by way of conciliating the Should the above be considered as a posed to be from the pen of Lord Orford. pagans to a better worship, humoured forced interpretation, it can be offered See a forced conjecture on the origin of their prejudices by yielding to a confor- in apology that, in joining the scattered this custom, which is scarcely worth mity of names, and even of customs, fragments that survive the mutilation of copying, in the fifty-third Gentleman's where they did not essentially interfere ancient customs, we must be forgiven Magazine, for July 1783. There is anwith the fundamentals of the gospel if all the parts are not found closely to other vague guess in the British Apollo,

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