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December 20, 1817.] Leller of David Hume.-Of the Aborigines of the Western Country.
175 has formed some connexions, particularly with to the westward in any numbers. British Abuse of American Manners. Mr. Grenville, which are not so acceptable; We deem it, therefore, natural and just (Prom the American Port Folio.) and it is uncertain, whether we are to have a to conclude, that the Aborigines be The principal schools of classical educhange of ministry or not, tho' the former is much more probable.
longed to a stock of those who moved cation in England for the sons of the But pray, who are you to give us as am- eastward from the Euphrates, cross- nobility and gentry, were, in my time, bassador from France, in place of M. de Guer. ed at Behring Straits, and came to our and I believe still are, Eton, Wincheschi, who has succeeded very well among us? western country from the north-west ter, Westminster, and Harrow. Each
I think I know more or less all your grands The Mexicans invariably declare that of these took pride in raising the most seigneurs, and I amuse myself by forming con. jeciures on that head. M. de Chabelet, it is their ancestors came from the north- accurate classical scholars, who should said, might be the man, but he did not like us west.
be capable, not merely of perusing the enough, when he made us a visit, to be will. It is an acknowledged fact, that the classic authors, with relish for the beauing to pass years among us.
antediluvians, at the event of the de- ties displayed in them, but of composing M. de Castries is named, and I believe he would succeed perfectly except only
that he luge, had arrived to a great improve-in prose and in verse with elegance and has not a wife whom he could bring along ment and refinement in the arts ; and facility. Nor indeed are the modern with him, but he is on such cordial terms it is also an important fact, that a re- Latin poets of England inferior to those with your minister, as to make him hope for spectable portion of this knowledge was of any foreign country. Cowley, Mile aspires to that embassy: but he is perhaps too preserved from the wreck, and commu- ton, and Cowper, were fine poets in La. young, and has besides something of the pe
nicated by the sons of Noah. The de- tin as well as in their native tongue. dant about him. Would the Prince of Beau- scendants of Shem, the first settlers of The epigrams of Owen yield to no moveau wish for this station. He is not supple Asia, or what is synonymous, the ten dern Latinist in the same style of comnor pliable enough: the Princess is likely to tribes, probably retained this know- position ; Buchanan is far superior to drudgery of being affable to all the world, as ledge, and transmitted it, until, through Casimir; the Musæ Anglicanæ of AddiMde de Guerchi is. The other day I was
the lapse of time, it became extinct. son is a fit companion for Pope's Poematalking of this subject to the prince of Masser. From the descendants of Shem, or from ta Italorum Selecta. The Lusus Westane, who said that he knew not whom your the Israelites, we derive the commence- monasterienses, and the prize composicourt would choose, but surely, added he, ment of all that knowledge which serv- tions of Eton college, are highly respectthey ought to choose the wisest man in France, for a station so delicate, and so essen
ed to keep the vast continent of Asia able specimens of juvenile effort, nor tial towards preserving the general tranquillity. from total barbarism. The Israelites does the happy felicity of expression of I wish the choice may fall on the prince and carried captive by Salmanaser, in the Loveling and of Vincent Bourne, greatprincess of Beauveau, and that you may come time of Hoshea, became, in a great mea- ly yield even to Horace and Tibullus. of state to transact with you and her. You sure, incorporated with the neighbour-Holdsworth's Muscipula, Geddes's Elecknow that ministerial falls are very light ac ing nations; and from this source, or in tion Ball, and some late translations, are cidents in this country: a fallen minister im. this channel, we deduce many of the specimens of easy Latinity, and pleasing mediately rises a patriot, and perhaps mounts customs which prevailed, and continue composition, which the most rigid critic up to greater considerution than before. For to prevail in Asia, and which have been may peruse with delight. this reason hinder us in this family from being in great frequently recognised among the Tar In all these schools, classical érudi. joy, by the marriage of Miss Conway to Mr. tars, the Aborigines of the western tion, and facility in perusing ancient auDemar. They are both your acquaintance, country, and the present race of Indians. thors, and comprehending the beauties and seem to make a very proper marriage. We may here introduce a striking pass- and defects of style, are greatly promotters to tell me, but do not care to trust them age of history from the second book of ed by the universal practice of compoby the common post. If they interest you,
Esdras. “ Those are the ten tribes, sing in Latin or Greek metre ; whicha they cannot be indifferent to me. Give me which were carried away prisoners, out compels the student to translate the ideas some hint of them Do they concern yourself of their own land in the time of Usea which he conceives in English into so in particular. Are there any new prospects the king, whom Salmanasar, the king of many forms of classical language to suit opening to what is next best, have you lost all hopes and Assyria, led away captive, and he car- the metre, and compels him to such lalaid aside all desire of that object.
ried them over the waters, and so came borious research for synonymous expres
they into another land. But they took sions as well as synonymous words, that London, 23 Dec 1768. I believe the duchess of Graftoo was your
this counsel among themselves, that they I do not hesitate in giving it as an opiacquaintance Her adventure cannot be un- would leave the multitude of the hea. nion requiring no further illustration known to you. It is not doub ed but, as soon then, and go forth into a further coun- from fact, that to the practice of comas she is divorced, she will marry Lord Ossory: try, where never mankind dwelt.” We posing in ancient languages is owing, and the duke his kept mistress, who very lately a lady of the town.
do not pretend to say that this country exclusively, the greater proficiency of strange scenes, and very contrary to your man
where never mankind dwelt extends to English and German classical scholars. America, but we consider the passage The French and Italians of modern days of history important, and equally weigh- are by no means equal to the English,
ty as such, although apocryphal. The who, if not as learned and laborious as Of the Aborigines of the Western Country natural consequence of this determina- the Germans, are their superiors-in disof America.
tion and progress of the ten tribes, cerning and imitating the beauties of
would be a very general diffusion of classical authors. (Concluded from page 154.)
that knowledge which they possessed, In London, of which Westminster is The inhabitants of Asia being the and a general incorporation with neigh- always regarded as a part, there were descendants of Shem, did not move bouring powers.
two schools where the scholars annually
[December 20, 1817 exhibited a dramatic performance ; at ita : but what are you about? why is all of shooting ! the partridge flies about Westminster school, the custom has long this preparation ? Are you a free man commonly in the very streets. been, for the senior students who are Ge. I shall be by and by, or I am mis- love your glass ? every hour brings with about to leave that seminary for the uni- taken. Da. I understand all your con- it a fresh bumper. There you have the versity, at the age of from 16 to 18, to cerns succeed wondertully under your | Gum-tickler, the Phlegm-cutter, the get up a play of Terence. At Soho management. Ge. To others perhaps ; Gall-breaker, and the Antifogmatic. Square, the students annually perform but not to me, Davus. In the common And then, Davus, precious liberty! no: ed a play of Shakespeare. I do not re rejoicing, I alone am neglected; so that no man is a slave there. Da. Except collect that this theatrical custom was I must look to myself. Da. What do the negro. Ge. Negroes are not consi. followed at any other place of education you propose ? Ge Flight Da. God dered as of the human species in Ame. -in England; what the case is now, I do prosper you : but you will not go has- rica. Every man there thinks what he not know.
tily, I hope. Ge. I have just scraped pleases, of whom he pleases, and does To the play of Terence thus annually together my little property through fear what he pleases. In that happy land, performed, there was usually a Latin of delay. Da. Whither do you propose every man starts up a legislator by inprologue, and also an epilogue composed to fly?' Ge. To America.
Ge. To America. Da, what ! tuition, however unlearned; and be and spoken on the occasion. The epi- to that country which is beyond the comes in like manner, merchant, judge, logue turned, for the most part, on the ocean : a country barbarous itself, and general, philosopher, or physician. The manners of the day, that would bear the inhabited by barbarians ? Ge. Even that young men spurn the restraint of laws gentle correction of good humoured sa- country to which our colonists formerly and of manners: his own inclination is tire, in elegant Latinity. The plays resorted, and which is the only Elisium there every man's sufficient diploma. Da. were confined to those of Terence: Plau- the world affords. Da. To that coun- Why, to be sure, bridewell and the stews tus being obscure, abounding in obso- try, of whose inhabitants a classic ear supply them with senators, and their lete expressions, without elegance of cannot tolerate the very names, and respectable chief justice is a worthless diction, and with somewhat of coarse. which the tongue is almost afraid to profligate. Does a senatorial erator dexsess in his plots, as well as his language. pronounce ! Choctaws, Cherokees, Paw- terously aim to convince his antagonist? Terence, therefore, a school-book in was, Chickesaws, Michilimackinaws, and he spits plentifully in his face. And England, was always chosen.
Yankee-doodles! Ge. To that country, that this species of rhetoric may I cannot say that I am an advocate which of all that have been, or are, or efficacious, tobacco furnishes an abunfor theatrical performances of any kind. will be, excels in virtue, honesty, majes dance of saliva for the purpose.
The The morality of stage plays is very frim-ty, arts, arms - in counsel, in eloquence, highest praise of a merchant, is his skill sy; their immorality too plain to be in manners, in wit. If our age can boast in lying; the great anxiety ot' a general, justified, and too freqeunt to escape the of elegance, if the golden age of the to manage his diarrhea. Then, their slightest observation. Even in the plays poets can exbibit any character of di- amusements ! to gouge out an eye with of lerence, there is much to condemn vine simplicity, America has all this to the thumb, to skin the forehead, to bite and little to approve. The plot turns, boast. Nor has Astræa as yet left our off the nose! and to kill a man, is an for the most part, on the attempts of globe, but remains well pleased in the admirable joke. But consider, Geta, dissipated young men and thoughtless cultivated regions of that happy clime. what is this precious liberty of which young women to cheat parents and guar- Da. But in that country, Geta, Astræa you speak ? Believe me, in the first dians, and of servants to blind the eyes is not a virgin, but a virago : sometimes, place, even if the black vessel of transof their masters. These are always re- as report goes, she is a drunkard, often portation you embark in, should bear presented as successful. Young as I a pugilist, sometimes even a thief. Nor you sately to this elysium of yours, the was, when I attended these performan- is it easy to say whether the tenor of very passage would exhaust all your ces, it could not escape even my juve- their manners is more to be admired for funds; and your whole life would be nile understanding, that the morals of simplicity or elegance: a negro wench, held in pledge, never to be redeemed: Terence were not the morals inculcated as we are told, will wait on her master your destiny at last would be to feed the by those whom I was taught at home, at table in native nudity; and a beau rats of a prison. But come, think betand with great reason, to respect. When will strip himself to the waist, that he ter of this scheme while you have it in 1 sat, therefore, amidst the surrounding may dance unencumbered, and with your power. Let the ruined man, the crowd of men of rank and fortune, of more agility. There, too, we hear of impious wretch, the outlaw, praise Amedignitaries of the church, and reverend the practice of bundling, without any rica, if you are yet in your senses, Geta, fathers of families, to hear these plays infraction of female modesty ; and the stay at home. If not, good bye to you. performed, I could not help thinking the chaste maiden, without any deception, And good bye to all those who prefer a spectators were not in their proper place, but with right good will, ventures to foreign land to their native soil. and the time and talents of the young share the bed with her chaste swain ! Thus it is, that at an age when impresperformers very ill applied.
Oh what nights and banquets, worthy sions are apt to take the strongest bold It was before such a description of of the gods! what delightful customs of the mind with the concomitant asspectators, nobility, gentry, and clergy, among these pious people! Ge. But sociations most calculated to give vivid. that a translation of the following classic listen, if you please, to the better side, ness and effect to the sentiments utterabuse was uttered lately, in the form of and the true side of the story, as I shall ed-at the direction, and under the suan epilogue, by one of the young per- relate it. Are you a farmer! a thou- perintendance of the reverend precepformers in the Phormio of Terence. sand acres, as yet unharassed by the tors in the first school of education that
Da. I am glad to see you again, Ge- plough, await your team. Are you fond Great Britain can boast–in the pre
December 20, 1817.]
177 sence, and with the sanction of persons, sage delivered in the course of the per- with grossness of expression, and rape deemed highly respectable for rank, formance. I think Colman or Dodd is defended by an appeal to blasphemy. learning, character, and station-the performed the part of Chærea, but so After such a public prostitution of all young sons of the nobility and gentry long ago, I will not tax my memory decency of character, can we wonder of England, are taught to pronounce, with positive assertion. It was, how- that the silly falsehoods and vulgar applaud, and give effect to, the most ever, when both these youths acted in scurrilities of the epilogue in question glaring and disgusting falsehoods, and that play, and previous to their going to should be dictated by the courtly prothe most virulent and vulgar abuse a college. I was surrounded by clergy- fessors, and sanctioned by this learned gainst this country, and its inhabitants, men. I did not observe them blush ; and reverend assembly? Can we think from Maine to Georgia : from the pre- but I distinctly remember that I did. it strange, even if it be our lot to besident down to the peasant. There is
Chærea. Edicit, ne vir quisquam ad eam come the subjects of rancorous abuse, nothing in the filthy invectives of the
adeat, et mihi, ne abscedam imperat, in a nation where priests and parents Quarterly Review more abusive and fla- In interiore parte ut maneam solus cum solá, can gravely encourage the youthful exgitious than this epilogue; and no wonTerram intuens modeste.
hibition which I have just described ? der will it be, if the malignant and con
Antipho. Miser! temptuous feelings towards America,
Chærea. Ego, inquit, ad coenam hinc eo. thus poured into the minds of the young Abducit secum ancillas: paucæ, quæ circum
Progress of Knowledge in the United
States. gentry of England, should produce the illam essent, manent, effect intended ; and make them, in the Novitiæ. Continuò hæc adornant, ut lavet. (From the American Port Folio.) natural train of things, become to the Adhortor, properant, dum apparatur, virgo
The course of intellectual pursuits rising generation here, a hating, a hate- suspectans tabulam quandam pictam, ubi ine has of låte years undergone a great ful, and a hated set. It cannot be that
rat pictura hæc, Jovem
change. Now we seem to estimate such a course of education in England Quo pacto Danaæ misisse aiunt quondam in every branch of science and letters acwill have no effect in America manet
gremium imbrem aureum.
cording to its connexion with the gene ala mente repostum. I am no advocate Egomet quoque id spectare cæpi, et quia con
ral utility ; but formerly controversial for keeping up national animosity, but Jam olim ille ludum, impendio magis animu' metaphysics and divinity, philology, I do not approve of the doctrine of non gaudebat mihi,
criticism, and antiquities chiefly occuresistance: I do not know that I am Deum sese in hominem convertisse, atque per pied the hours of literary leisure. By christian enough, on receiving a blow upon the one cheek, to turn to my anta. Venisse clanculùm per impluvium, fucum fac. means of this change not only have
many studies been brought into more gonist the other also ; nor do I feel the At quem Deum! qui templa cæli sonitu con- general cultivation, as chemistry, miobligation upon Americans of submitting
neralogy, and both branches of ethics ; tamely to the insult, when the persons Ego homuncio hoc non facerem ? Ego vero il- but others have been in fact created, who have descended to these aspersions
lud feci, ac lubens, &c. &c.
as theories of medicine, of agriculture, are themselves so liable to the retort. I omit, for obvious reasons, the rest and of political economy, some of whose Had this attack been the hasty effusion of the description ; which, however, was important branches form_separate sciof a political partizan, or the witty scur- preserved in the representation of this ences of themselves. There is no rility of a writer whose sarcastic talent play. Here, then, are young men just en-country in which this altered taste in furnishes his daily bread, or had we been tering upon the verge of manhood, when studies so predominates as in the United subjected even to the mistaken correc- the passions require the strongest con- States. Nor ought this to be a matter tion of a well-meaning observer, it might troul, enjoined to study, to commit to of wonder. Possessing a country for have been passed over: but this, the memory, to enact with every appropriate which nature has done every thing, and studied, deliberate composition of deep- look, tone, and gesture, a character and man as yet but little, we are constantly rooted enmity, deserves no quarter. One a passage, in language luxurious enough invited by the opportunity and stimustyle of reply to impartial and friendly to warm an anchorite, if it were not de- lated by our wants, to aim at improve. reprehension, another to the sarcastic based by expressions that would become ment. Every man, whether his object rancour of a "proud and insulting foe.” a stew.
be fortune or fame, is most likely to This epilogue was delivered after the While this part is performing, the attain it by turning his attention to performance of one of Terence's plays: heads of the seminary—the reverend what may be useful. Plans of saving they are usually selected, and a different ministers of religion-dignified members labour, of improving manufactures and one performed every year, till the adopt of the established church-teachers and agriculture, theories of curing diseases, ed number is gone through. I have been professors of our holy religion-pious and above all, speculations on laws, twice present when the Eunuchus of instructors of the rising generation, constitutions, and the regulation of Terence was acted: the first time, many paid and honoured to preach and pro- states, are what the country most needs, years ago, when the present George Col- pagate the purest doctrines of christian and therefore what it most encourages. man, young Dodd, and some other morality, and, in particular, peace on He who can advance any thing on these youths, were going away from West- earth and good will toward men-sit subjects at once valuable and new, is minster to College. (At Oxford, the round, porrectis auribus, in anxious at- amply rewarded, so far as he can find Westminster boys usually went to Christ tention to catch every word, and observe remuneration in the public favour. Church, the Winchester students to All every gesture of the animated youths But for those studies which are merely Souls.) On this occasion, as on a sub- who are appointed to this public recita- curious, so much are we engrossed by sequent one, I heard the following pas- tion; wherein voluptuous imagery vies those which are useful, there is none
Progress of Knonledge in the United States. ---Walks in Edinburgh, fc. [December 20, 1817. left to regard them: and the study of world was arranged under the classes the water-gate, or the common seal of philology, of metaphysics, and the which n ture herself had instituted, and the burgh; and, perhaps, I added, we higher branches of mathematics are al- every different kind hard its name and ought to trace the origin of the obmost universally neglected. While the description, future botanists might have noxious allusion to a much higher anphilanthropist may hail the change as explored and imparted to mankind, tiquity than the erection of the prison, favourable to the happiness of man, and their best mode of culture and improve- or even the existence of the municipal more worthy of his dignity, the cau- ment-their mutations--their medicinal institution to which it belongs. It was tious inquirer may doubt, whether in a- qualities—their utility in the arts, probably the motto of the religious orvoiding one erroneous extreme we may whether in furnishing provisions, con- der from which the Canongate derives not have run into its opposite. There veniencies, or ornaments to man. How its name, and expressive of the terminais such a kindred connexion among the many plants now bloom and perish on tion and reward of their austerities and different subjects of human speculation, our mountains and in our forests which privations on earth; and of their disa and their several ramifications are so in- might mitigate the bitterest pangs of cipline and devotion preparatory to the terwoven with one another, that we disease, and sometimes avert the arrow enjoyment of heaven. All this, he re. cannot successfully cultivate any one of death itself. How many indeed may plied, may be true ; but your explanawithout somewhat improving those that even be found about our dung-hills, tion or apology scarcely mends the mat: are contiguous. If, therefore, utility and among the most unwelcome intrud. ter. I dispute not the origin or proalone be the test by which we are to ers into our gardens! That there are priety of the motto in its own place; estimate the 'merit of the different sci- among our indigenous plants certain but all the ingenuity of heraldic lore ences, they all have strong, though un- and immediate remedies to the most ac- can never convince me that any alluequal, claims to our favour. To enu- tive poisons, and brilliant and unfading sion to the enjoyments of the present merate all the various links by which dyes, which are as yet unknown to Eu- world, or to the happiness of a future each science has affinity with others, ropean art, those who have been con- life, blazoned on the front of a prisonwould be as difficult as it is unnecessary. versant with the Indians of this conti- house, is not less incongruous and inIt will be sufficient for the present pur- nent can readily testiry. As these may sulting than to represent to the dwellers pose, to select, by way of illustration, have been discovered by accident, many in a dungeon all the delights of unsome of those branches of knowledge others may exist which have escaped restrained enjoyment, to describe the which having a less evident bearing on our their notice. This field of inquiry in-charming scenes of a rural landscape, welfare, are least cultivated among us. deed is so vast and so fruitful, that al- or to depict in glowing language the
Botany. This study has indeed been most every day chance brings to light murmuring of the streams, the music of cultivated with an ardour in Europe, something useful, while science disco-the groves, the varied beauties of the since the days of Linnæus, perhaps be vers nothing, because her eyes are turn- enamelled mead, or the refreshing inyond its intrinsic merit; but here it is ed another way.
Auence of the mountain breeze. The very little regarded. If a little reflec
(To be continued.)
opinion of my excellent friend was not tion, however, will teach us that an in.
to be shaken by any thing I could adtimate knowledge of plants may ad
Walks in Edinburgh and its Vicinity.
vance ; and, indeed, it might be said to vance the science of medicine, by dis I NĚVER pass the Canongate prison have assumed all the features of a strong covering to us their healing and stimu- without recollecting the frequent con- prejudice, when, with little discriminalating properties : may give aid to the troversies which I have had with a la- tion, he bestowed not a few opprobrious mechanical arts, by furnishing materials mented friend, who is now no more, on epithets on the herald's office which isfor dyeing, tanning, weaving, and the meaning or rather the application sued, the canons who adopted, the arbuilding: may assist agriculture by of the motto of the arms of the burgh. chitect who designed, and even the teaching the better management of The translation of this motto, Sic itur workmen, the humble instruments who crops, and by the introduction of new ad astra, “ this is the way to heaven,” executed so gross and so wanton an ingrasses, and new species or varieties of is sufficiently obvious, and in this we sult on human misery. plants already known; and may thus agreed ; but he asserted, somewhat pre Whatever was the subject of convers. aid the statesman in providing food and posterously, that it applied to the in-ation, when our walk led us in that diclothing for man-If it be objected that mates of the mansion; and in this view, rection, and we approached to what the science is at present nothing more with proper feeling and just indignation, might be called the debateable ground, than a catalogue of names, and that it condemned it as a reproach on humani- it very rarely happened that the congives neither exercise nor instruction to ty, as a gross insult on those whom im- troversy was not renewed ; and it is any other faculties than those of vision prudence or misfortune or depravity, scarcely necessary to add, with nearly and memory; it may be answered that had consigned to its dreary calls. No the same result. I have often thought this is the fault of its votaries and not less strenuously I maintained that it had that the prison clock was placed in its of the science itself. That it has not no connection with the inhabitants of awkward and obtrusive, but useful sie advanced from a study of words to the edifice : that it was displayed upon tuation, as a kind of signal to comthings, may be partly owing to its be- it along with the arms of the burgh; mence the attack. It rarely happened, ing neglected by those who are capable and that it denoted the building to be too, that we did not stop in front of the of improving it. What was done by of a public nature, and destined for the edifice to contemplate what we had seen Linnæus was a useful preliminary step, use of the community, exactly in the a thousand times, and to recur to arguand a vast achievement of human in- same way as the same arms and the ments which had been as often repeated. dustry: but when the whole vegetable same motto are affixed to the church, In these argumentative pauses, our at
December 20, 1817.]
Walks in Edinburgh and its Vicinity.
tention was not always confined to the he was not less helpless in extricating pended on their literary exertions, we disputed application of the motto, the himself from difficulty than in relieving proceeded on this knight-errant expedisight of which never failed to rouse my the distresses of a stranger. His purse tion of Quixotic benevolence, reached friend's feelings as strongly as the first was open to the needy and unfortunate ; the place of durance, found the humane day he pointed it out to my observation, but if it had been better replenished than keeper a perfect contrast of his unfeelor to the interior lineaments of the build- it really was, his hand seemed to be ing assistant, and were ushered into the ing, which we sometimes discussed in paralyzed in directing its energies to any apartment where the person who was the a very short digression ; the unfortunate useful purposes. On the present occa- object of our visit was immured. It was tenants of the dreary abode, who were sion, after another long pause in pro- the first time that either of us had been sometimes seen at the windows, con- found meditation, he assumed a more within the walls of a prison; and when trasting their own hapless situation in determined tone than usual, and pro- the heavy door, grating on its hinges, durance vile, their own pale looks and posed instantly to return and make some was closed, and the motion of the masemaciated forms, with the rosy counte- inquiry concerning the object of his sive bolts with which it was secured renances and active limbs of the busy anxious thoughts. We retraced our sounded through the cell, a sudden chill crowd that passed and repassed, often steps, halted as it were instinctively at of horror spread through my whole attracted our notice. One day, as we our old station, and crossed the street frame; my friend with more acute feel were about to depart from our station, to penetrate the secrets of the prison- ings was more deeply affected, and, which we had occupied much longer house. Ascending the stair, we accosted while he stood pale and motionless, a than usual, from some unexpected turn an under keeper, who appeared with a cold sweat bedewed his face. The first of the argument, a tall, good looking large key, the emblem of his office, in words he uttered, when he recovered man, with an air of deep melancholy on his hand, and found, after some ques- the power of speech, were,
" I wish I his countenance, presented himself at tions, which were at first evasively an- had not come here.” The task of exthe window. The moment that his eye swered, that the person whom we had planation of the object of our visit, and. caught ours he withdrew. Deeming our seen was an unfortunate tradesman, con- of apology for our seeming intrusion, curiosity impertinent, we also retired ;fined for a debt of no great amount which he had previously undertaken, but casting our eyes backwards as we “What is the amount ?" He could not now devolved on myself; and after a proceeded along the street, we saw that tell. “ Could we see him?" “ No, it long conference, which had the effect he had resumed his place, and seemed is not the proper time; call to-morrow of inspiring mutual confidence, we learnto follow us with an indescribable look. at such an hour.” Saying this, he left ed the following detail of his history. After a remark or two on this occur- us, and as he walked away, with a light By his own industry he had raised a rence, the conversation paused, and we heart and a merry countenance, he whis- small capital, and begun business on his passed along in silence, each occupied tled and hummed the tune and song“Wel- own account, had succeeded well, and. with his own meditations, till we reach- come, welcome, brother debtor.” This un- had the most flattering prospect of realised the palace. The appearance of the expected outrage on the feelings of my ing an independent income. man at the window had excited a deep companion brought a glow of fiery in considerable credit to a merchant who interest in my friend, and determined dignation to his face, which in a mo- was deeply engaged in speculative conhim to institute an inquiry into bis story ment was overspread with the paleness cerns, and who failed to a large amount, and misfortunés. Although I must con- of death ; and, when he had muttered deranged his affairs, and produced great fess that the most careless observer could " what a savage barbarian," and some embarrassment. A friend came forward not fail to be strongly impressed with other equally appropriate epithets, 1 and had agreed to pay off his debts ; and what we had just witnessed, yet, stran- took him by the arm, and led him from had nearly completed his generous plan, gers as we were, we might sympathize a scene which offered nothing to sooth when his own unexpected failure, from with his tale of woe, while we could him into tranquillity. We soon parted, immense losses through the misconduct neither relieve his distresses nor restore under a positive engagement to meet of others interrupted his beneficent lahim to liberty, to his friends and family. next day, and return to the business in bours. A merciless creditor, whose debt
Had my friend's vigour of enterprize which we had been disappointed. had not become due, was disappointed been at all equal to his romantic sensi. My friend passed a restless night, as and enraged at the supposed preference bility, no long time would have elapsed I afterwards understood ; my own re given to others; and in the hope of obtill he had made himself master of the pose was a good deal disturbed with taining full payment threw his debtor captive's whole story. But he was quite dreams of clanking chains and dreary into jail. The original debt was only deficient in that plodding activity, that dungeons; and when he called at an twenty pounds, but either from resente bold perseverance so beneficial, when early hour, had already paid a visit to ment or from the hope of profit, he had well directed, to ourselves and others, the prison, had seen the gaoler, whose purchased another debt of ten pounds, and so necessary to ensure success in expressions of civility and humanity had for which, as it was now considered dese the grand competition of human affairs. afforded him the highest gratification, perate, he paid about one-third ; and With a bosom glowing with the warm- and had determined to make a bold ef- the whole demand against the unfore.,, est beneficence, with a heart animated fort to relieve, as he fancied, the victim tunate prisoner. was not less than forty by the kindest and most generous sym- of oppression. With five pounds in his or forty-five pounds. The mention of pathies, while the sigh which he in vain pocket, to which I added three pounds, this sum, and the tacit comparison which endeavoured to suppress, and the tear the whole capital we could coinmand, I perceived he was making with the of pity that stole in secret down his and not a small sum for two medical contents of his pocket, produced a deep. cheek, marked the force of his emotions, students, whose resources entirely de- sigh from my silent friend, who was