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180

Walks in Edinburgh and ils Vicinity.-Fine Arts.

[December 20, 1817.

now absorbed in profound reflection. whose noble heart is not less benevolent of custom, rather than from the proprieThe threatened opposition of the harsh and liberal than his ample means, had ty and justice of the practice, is still creditor had hitherto prevented the heard us narrate the story, and, without continued. debtor from taking the advantage of the a word on the subject, ordered his agent If an asylum of this kind be really a law to obtain his enlargement. We to transmit sixty pounds sterling, and good thing, its benefits ought to be exlearned farther, that during the whole to accept of a letter stating the amount, tended to the community in general ; of his confinement, which had now con- and promising payment when conveni- and similar institutions ought to be tinued for several months, his wife by ent.

established in every large town, or, at her own labour had supported herself The incidents now related led us into least, in every country in the kingdom. and a family of five children. The in- a discussion concerning the origin and The inhabitants of Edinburgh and its genuous story of a modest, unassum- advantages of the sanctuary of Holy- vicinity are not entitled to the sole ading, and intelligent man, could not fail roodhouse ; and in this he strenuously vantage of freedom "from arrest for to make a deep impression, and to pro- contended, that it was altogether un- debt. But I suspect this privilege is duce conviction in minds less disposed suitable to the present state of society. oftener resorted to loy persons from a to believe its truth; and although we In a barbarous age, such as had violated distance, than those who are in its imwere disappointed in the object of our the rights of mankind became the im- mediate neighbourhood,-a pretty obvivisit, we were fully satisfied that the mediate objects of brutal revenge; the ous proof that its benefits are at least of poet or novelist, in depicting the horrors slow process of public investigation, and a doubtful nature. In the greater numof captivity, need not recur to fancied | legal cognizance of crimes, was little ber of cases, who are the persons that, scenes when such realities are daily calculated to satisfy or appease the tur- enjoy this protection ? Are they not before his eyes.

bulent passions of those who supposed the dissolute and unprincipled, who conIt was not the least singular circum- themselves injured or offended ; and tinue to squander in extravagant dissistance in the narrative of this ill-fated hence private redress was eagerly sought pation, and in the very asylum that seman, that the mercantile speculator was after, and punishment inflicted in the cures to them their personal liberty, the at this very time living in affluence in fury of rage usually far exceeded in e property of which they have defrauded the sanctuary of Holyroodhouse. Some normity the real or imputed crime. The the industrious tradesman, who, perunfair transactions had drawn him to church, it is probable, at first inter- haps, at that very moment, is pining that asylum to escape imprisonment. posed to afford that protection which with want, or wasting his days in the 'The amount of his debts was stated at the civil authority could not give; for precincts of a prison. Examples of 50,000). ; and after a long litigation a places of refuge or sanctuaries of this such prostituted privileges are not wantcomposition of 3s. 6d. in the pound was nature were invariably connected, at ing. It may be added, that the mild accepted, from which it was supposed their origin, with places of worship or spirit of the laws relative to bankruptcy that he came off a clear gainer of ten religious institutions; and as the power supersede all such institutions. But I or twelve thousand pounds sterling, or influence of the church extended, shall resume the subject in next com. but at an expence of several other bank- these privileges thus assumed or obtain-munication. Cont? 4.193. rupts who were never able to retrieve ed were enlarged, and like all other hutheir affairs ; while he commenced busi- man affairs, where passion or interest is

FINE ARTS. ness on a surer foundation, and in the permitted to prevail, were grossly abused. course of a few years realised a hand- To the disgrace of humanity and the some fortune.

age, religious sanctuaries, from which The celebrated Moses, of Michael Despairing from our stinted means every thing violent and impure ought Angelo, a colossal figure of the most exof relieving the object of our commisser- to have been excluded, afforded an acquisite proportions, and finished in a ation, we permitted several days to e-sylum to the most atrocious criminals. style that to this day is unrivalled, haylapse before we thought of renewing the But in the progress of civilization, when ing, by the Pope's permission, been visit, when, to our surprise, we found the equal rights of mankind were better withdrawn from its niche, in St. Pietro, the prisoner had been discharged, but understood, when justice supported by in Vinculo, in order that Mr. Day, an why, or in what manner, whether from authority held the balance with a more English artist, might take a mould of it the indulgence of his creditor, or the steady hand, these enormities were e to bring to England, it is with pleakind interposition of some liberal friend, rased from the legal code, and the pri- sure we now inform the public, that it we could not learn ; nor could we dis-vilege of affording protection to crimi- has arrived safe, and is now setting up cover, after inquiry at the place where nal offences was entirely abrogated. No in company with the Monte-Cavallo fihis family had resided, any thing more place in the possession of such immuni- gure, in that capacious room in the staof his history than that they had re- ties now exists in Europe, and few of ble-yard, which the Prince of Wales almoved the very day after his liberation that description are known in any part lotted to these exhibitions of collossal But it was no small gratification to be of the world.

sculpture. It is to be followed by informed, at the end of a few years, by In this country at this day, the pre- the Marcus Aurelius of the Capitol. a letter accompanied by a small present, sence or the residence of royalty is a Mr. Vagan, late consul-general of the that he had retired to a distant part of protection against arrest for civil debt; island of Sicily, before his death, had the country, had prospered in trade, and and, on the same principle, the privi- collected forty pieces of fine sculpture had now repaid the money which he ac- lege which originally belonged to the at Rome; and has left at Palermo, it is knowledged we had been the means of monastic institution, was transferred to said, immense treasures in marble, in placing at his disposal. A gentleman, the palace, and through the inyeteracy cases that have long laid unopened.

December 20, 1817.]
Fine Arts,

181 STYLES OF ART IN LANDSCAPE PAINTING, and one in the possession of Mr. Anger- inore of system than close imitation ;

stein is a rare specimen of that power but it is full of sweetness and harmony.

which could produce such a dazzling The selection of his objects, and the arItalian School.

effect of light and colour, with a truth rangement of his compositions, are in a From Greece and the classic shores and simplicity apparent to all, yet with- good style of art, and sufficiently varied of Italy we chiefly derive whatever we in the reach of few. His drawings are from each other. possess that is exalted in art. The mo- numerous; there is a book of them en • A. CARRACCI, F. Mola, and Domenumental remains of Egypt and India graved after some in the possession of NICHINO, have a general resemblance. are rather calculated to fill the mind his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, by The skill of Domenichino is, we think, with wonder, then to instruct it in the Mr. Earlom; they are chiefly studies the most distinct

, as being darker in his more regulated and softened beauties of for composition: we have seen others masses and shadows, very cool and siltaste. From that ideal beauty and perfec- by Arthur Pond, which are doubtless very in his sky and distances, to which tion found in the sculptured remains of an- fac-similes of the original drawings, his foreground objects are strongly optiquity, the painters of Italy obtained and are of different size and colour ; posed. In other respects the forms of the models from which they wrought; some of them appear simply as studies their composition are very similar, as and in the best state of the arts we see from nature. The pencil of Claude is also their manner of handling or pencilthese models transferred to the canvas. free, distinct, and sweet, without being ing; they are all in the most exalted As these influenced their historical sub- mannered; there is generally a good style of art, and owe less to individual jects, their landscape painting also par- body of colour, and the marking of his imitation, than to grandeur and simplitook of the same general character-less foliage has none of that mechanical ex- city. an imitation of the individual nature actness to be met with in some of his TITIAN.The claims of this artist to than the perfection of the species. Their imitators: although the flowers and fame in landscape painting are inferior compositions are arranged from the scat- plants on his foregrounds are sometimes to those he presents in historical or tered remains of temples, statues, and painted with a botanical nicety of cha- other subjects; his landscapes are most. aqueducts , which give to their land- racter they do not obtrude themselves

, ly painted as accessàries to his figures ; scapes the title of epic. The distin- or destroy the breadth or effect of his they are in a bold and noble style of guished painters of landscape in the subject.

art. His sky and distance are sufficient Italian school, are-Claude Lorraine FRANCESCO BOLOGNESE-in his style to annihilate a painting of ordinary Gasper Poussin-Francesco Bolognese, of composition often resembles Claude, power; they were of the deepest azure, and Zuccarelli. - To these may be add- and sometimes Gasper Poussin, but with and served him as a scale to work up ed, the names of Salvator kosa–Titian less variety of objects and colour ; his to: the subtleties of gradation and air -A. Carracci-F. Mola, and Domeni-picture of the Castle Gondolso, from tint were little attended to, but were chino. This class of artists divided which there is a print, has a grandeur subservient to the general efect of his their subjects between landscape and and simplicity which may rank it in the picture. To this was added a broad history; the first four are exclusively best style of Italian landscape; in which and vigorous pencil, depth, brilliancy, esteemed the painters of lanscape. it must be observed, there is much less and harmony of colour in all the power

CLAUDE LORRAINE.- The works of of distinct character, than what is found that art is capable of bringing out. We this artist are entirely epic ; but it is in the Flemish school.

have seen prints from the drawings of the epic of Virgil,sweetness and dig GASPAR Poussin.—The same classic Titian, from which his landscapes apnity, without any of these daring flights style of composition distinguishes this pear in a character between the Italian which might characterise bim as the artist's works, but they do not so much and Flemish, but always grand and exHomer of painting. His pictures con abound with ancient remains as those of traordinary. tain a great variety of objects, stretch- Claude ; his subjects are more romantic; Salvator Rosa.--The landscapes of ing to a vast extent, and so lost and trees, rocks, and mountains, with some this painter are in a style peculiarly his melted into the air tint, as to become times an Italian building, furnish mate-own, and can seldom be mistaken by characteristic of his style : accordingly, rials for his compositions. His colour- any who have seen his works. It would the distances af Claude are proverbial ing is sober and subdued, and well suit- be a sort of phenomenon to see a reguwith the connoisseur, and an object ofed to the nature of his subjects: bold lar building or particular view in the imitation with the artist. Hence we and striking effects of storm and clouds works of this master. All is rock, may also date the partiality and admi- give great variety to the works of this mountain, and rugged nature. ration for distant prospects, which the master. He mostly introduced figures, trees are tempest-striken, or in ruin and unskilful often take for the exclusive but they are always kept down and decay; and his figures are for the most excellence of a view or a picture, with subordinate to his landscape. His style part of the desolating kind, pirates and out knowing how much the fore ground is distinct from that of most Italian banditti. His compositions are at once adds to the value of that extent they so landscape painters, but he has several sublime and romantic in the highest much admire. There is much light in imitators. Fillipo Laura is perhaps the degree: a bold and vigorous touch is the paintings of Claude, yet with suffi- best.

the character of his pencil, and his colcient depth in his masses, which are ZUCCARELLI.-In the works of this ouring is grave and subdued. The folirich, without being heavy. His com- painter . we have pastoral of modern age of his trees has more of manner. positions are truly classic, and are sel Italy: Rustics, cattle, and buildings, than imitation, and rather remarkable dom without architecture; the sun's furnish the chief materials for his pencil. for length of leaf. Some resemblance place is frequently found in his pictures ; His style is light and brilliant, with to Salvator may be found in the works

182
Fine Arts.-Natural Philosophy.

[December 20, 1817. of Rosa de Tivoli, whose back grounds shells. In these thin strata the remains cess of his project, for moving boats are in a style of great freedom, and are are much less perfect than in those containing travellers and baggage by the at the same time bold and wild. In which contain fewer of them; and their same elastic agent, opened the way to concluding these brief remarks on the substance is so extremely tender, that its employment for carrying warriors different styles of landscape, we are ful- it is very difficult to obtain a specimen and the apparatus for fighting. The ly aware they must fall short of what, which does not break to pieces imme- plan was submitted to the consideration might be said upon the subject at large; | diately. Such parts of the rock, though, of the executive of an enlightened gobut we are also satisfied, that only an of course, unfit for building, are not vernment. Congress, influenced by the acquaintance with the works of the dif- useless; but are broken down, and in most liberal and patriotic spirit, appro. ferent masters can be adequate to the that state conveyed by the Meuse to priated money for the experiment; and purpose of knowing their styles. And Holland, as a manure for the meadow the navy department, then conducted we rather offer these hints as tending land. The whole of these beds, from by the Honourable William Jones, apto show the various modes of arriving the chalk to the top of the hill, are se pointed commissioners to superintend at the same end, and the different qua- parated from each other by beds of the construction of a convenient vessel lities belonging to and distinguishing Aints, which exactly resemble those under the direction of Robert Fulton, one style of art from another.

found in the chalk; presenting, like Esq. the inventor, as engineer, and of

them, the usual appearance of having Messrs. Adam and Noah Brown, as naNATURAL PHILOSOPHY. been formed on corallines, &c. The val constructors. By the exemplary

beds of Aints in the chalk and lower combination of diligence and skill, on Geological Remarks on the Vicinity of Maestricht; strata of freestone, as has been mention the part of the engineer and the cons

by the Rev. W. E. Honcy, fellow of Exeter-ed, are at a distance from each other of structors, the business was so accelerate college, Oxford, member of the Geological So- not more than two or three feet ; but, ed, that the vessel was launched on the siety.

as you ascend, the distance between 29th of October, amidst the plaudits of The mountain of St. Pierre commences them is greater ; and, towards the upper an unusual number of citizens. Meaabout a mile south from the town of part of the hill

, is as much as eight or sures were immediately taken to come Maestricht, and extends in a direction ten feet. These flints frequently con- plete her equipment; the boiler, the towards Liege for nearly three leagues. tain organic remains : of these the most engine, and the machinery, were put It is an insulated hill, forming a ridge, common is the belemnite ; shells also on board with all possible expedition. the sides of which are for the most part and silicified wood are not uncommon. Their weight and size far surpassed any very steep. The subterraneous quarries The height of the hill above the Meuse thing that had been witnessed before must have been worked from a very is, I should imagine, about 150 feet. among us. She was a structure resting early period, and are said to extend To the eye the strata appear to be per- upon two beats, and keels separated through its whole length. The hill pre- fectly horizontal. As, however, I found from end to end by a canal fifteen feet sents an almost perpendicular escarp- the chalk gradually rising as I proceed- wide and 156 long. One boat containment towards the Meuse ; and it is in ed in a direction nearly south, it is pro-ed the cauldrons of copper to prepare walking on this side of it that the strata bable that there may be a very slight the steam. The vast cylinder of iron, are seen to the greatest advantage. A inclination towards the north. My stay with its piston, lever, and wheels, occubout a league from Maestricht you ob- was too short to enable me to give any pied a part of its fellow; the great watertain a good section of the lower beds of account of the numerous fossils of this wheel revolved in the space between the hill, and these are decidedly chalk, rock. I may; however, mention, that them; the main or gun deck supported containing beds of flint-nodules, from those which I found most common were her armament, and was protected by a two to three feet distant from each other., various species of corallines and madre- bulwark four feet ten inches thick, of The chalk appears to contain fewer fos. pores, (particularly the fungites); be- solid timber. This was pierced by thirty sils than that which we have in this lemnites ; numulites; several species of port holes, to enable as many thirty-two country ; but, in the nature of these fos- echini, amongst others a small one, hav- pounders to fire red-hot balls ; her upsils, and in every other respect, coming the mouth in the centre of the base per or spar deck was plain, and she was pletely resembles it. Above these are and vent lateral ; several kinds of oys- to be propelled by her enginery alone. beds resembling the chalk in colour, ters and pectines. I was also fortunate It was the opinion of Captain Porter but more hard and gritty to the touch. enough to find a very beautiful baculites, and Mr. Fulton, that the upper deck Above these again lie a succession of with turreted articulations.

ought to be surrounded with a bulwark beds of the calcareous freestone, of which

and stanchions--that two stout masts the mass of the hill is composed ; and it Report of the Commissioners appointed to should be erected to support latteen is in these that the quarries are situat

build a Steam Frigate at New York.

sails--that there should be bowsprits for ed. This stone is of a yellowish colour,

jibs, and that she should be rigged in a and so extremely soft in the quarry that It was conceived, by a most inge-corresponding style. At length all matit may be cut with a knife: it becomes nious and enterprising citizen, that the ters were ready for a trial of the mahowever of a lighter colour, and more power of steam could be employed to chinery to urge such a bulky vessel hard, by exposure to the air. Here and propel a floating battery, carrying heavy through the water. This essay was made there is found a thin stratum complete-guns, to the destruction of any hostile on the first day of June 1815. She ly made up of fragments of marine sub- force that should hover on the shores, proved herself capable of opposing the stances; these are chiefly species of co- or enter the ports, of our Atlantic fron- wind and of stemming the tide, of crossrallines and madrepores, mixed with tier. The perfect and admirable suco Jing currents and of being steered among

December 20, 1817.]
Natural Philosophy.-Iiterature.

183 vessels riding at anchor, though the / was found to make head-way at the rate | coal-field. I shall be glad to see the weather was boisterous and the water of two miles an hour against the ebb of singular facts I have mentioned further rough. Her performance demonstrat- the East River, running three and one investigated, and the bearing which they ed, that the project was successful-10 half knots. The day's exercise was sa- have on certain geological theories, disdoubt remained that a floating battery, tisfactory to the respectable company cussed in your pages.

A. composed of heavy artillery, could be who attended, beyond their utmost exmoved by steam. The commissioners pectations. It was universally agreed, Mr. Lofft, in a letter to the editor returned from the exercise of the day, that we now possessed a new auxiliary of the Monthly Magazine, observes, I satisfied that the vessel would answer against every maritime invader. The notice a comet, of which I had heard the intended purpose, and consoled city of New York, exposed as it is, was something some days before, lest it themselves that their care had been be considered as having the means of ren should have escaped your observation. stowed upon a worthy object. But it dering itself invulnerable. The Dela- Having been seen at Bremen, Nov. I. was discovered that various alterations ware, the Chesapeake, Long Island 7h. 14, with R. A. 253° 14'. N. D. 8° were necessary. Guided by the light sound, and every other bay and harbour nearly, it is obviously situated very faof experience, they caused some errors in the nation, may be protected by the vourably for observation, though on the to be corrected, and some defects to be same tremendous power.

opposite side of the earth's orbit. Its supplied. She was prepared for a se

direction being said to be westward, it cond voyage with all practicable speed. A Whin-Dike cut by a Stratum of Lime- may probably become very conspicuOn the 4th day of July she was again

Stone.

ous ;--at present, making so small an put in action. She performed a trip to

angle with the earth and the

sun,

and so the ocean, eastward of Sandy-hook, and HAPPENING lately to make some stay near the plane of the ecliptic, it cannot back again, a distance of fifty-three at Edinburgh, and strolling across the be expected to exhibit more than a very miles, in eight hours and twenty mi- fields about two miles and a half to the small train.”—In a note of the 17th, he nutes. A part of this time she had the eastward, I came to a farm-house called says, “Of the comet I have thus much tide against her, and had no assistance East-field, on Mr. Knox's new map of farther to observe, that, when discovered whatever from sails. Of the gentlemen Edinburghshire: it is near to Niddry by Professor Olbers, it appears to have who formed the company invited to burn, close to which is a quarry, where formed with Aquila, the two points of witness the experiment, not one enter- a basalt or whin-dike is dug into, for a nearly isosceles triangle, of which tained a doubt of her fitness for the in- the roads, to the depth of seventeen or Lyra was the vertex; and to have been tended purpose. Additional experiments eighteen feet, pointing towards Niddry distant from Aquila about '58°,—from were, notwithstanding, necessary to be steam-engine and Brunston-house ; and Lyra aboat 40°. By the descent it sought, for quickening and directing at the end of this quarry, there crosses, seems that it is direct. her motion. These were devised and almost at right angles to the dike, a The construction and properties of executed with all possible care. Suita. stratum of lime-stone, of a few feet thick, Bramah's Patent Lock, in which the conble arrangements having been made, a almost in a vertical position, but dip- fidence of the public has so long rethird trial of her powers was attempted | ping towards the E., which appears posed, having become a subject of dison the 11th day of September, with the absolutely to intercept or stop the cussion' at the meetings of the Royal Inweight of twenty-six of her long and progress of the whin-dike; although, stitution, Mr. Bramah attended, and ponderous guns, and a considerable perhaps, the dike may be found again lent a large model explanatory of the quantity of ammunition and stores on beyond it, if the ground were opened. principles of his late father's lock, and board; her draft of water was short of I beg to call the attention of geologists his own improvements upon it, to the eleven feet. She changed her course, to its careful re-examination, and to the institution ; when every one was satisby inverting the motion of the wheels, causing of such an opening to be made fied with the almost utter impossibility without the necessity of putting about through the lime-stone, as shall fully of opening locks upon his construction, She fired salutes as she passed the forts, ascertain all the circumstances attending their security depending upon the docand she overcame the resistance of wind this singular case, to a sufficient depth trine of combinations or multiplication and tide in her progress down the bay. beneath the surface : to me it appeared, of numbers into each other, which is She performed beautiful maneuvres that no change whatever, either of the known to increase in the most rapid around the United States frigate Java, quality or state of the basalt, or the lime- proportion. Thus a lock of five sliders then at anchor near the light-house. She stone, were visible, in their approach to admits of 3000 variations, while one of moved with remarkable celerity, and she a junction with each other: the lime- eight, which are commonly made, will was perfectly obedient to her double stone is clearly not a more modern dike have no less than 1,935,366 changes, of, helm. It was observeil, that the explo- crossing that of basalt, as some persons in other words, that number of attempts sions of powder produced very little con- may be ready to couclude, but is, as 1 at making a key, or at picking it, may cussion. The machinery was not affect- was assured by the colliers of the vici- be made, before it can be opened. Such ed by it in the smallest degree. Her nity to the eastward, of whom I in- was the case in the lifetime of its late progress, during the firing, was steady quired, one of those regular strata of ingenious inventor ; but, by the simple and uninterrupted. On the most accu- lime-stone which Mr. Williams has men- improvement of his sons, the present marate calculations, derived from heaving tioned in his “ Mineral Kingdom,” se nufacturers, this difficulty may be ins the løg, her average velocity was five cond edition, vol. i, pages 68 and 104, creased in an hundred fold, or greater and one-half miles per hour. Notwith- as interstratified with the lower of the proportion, without at all adding to the standing the resistance of currents, she numerous coal-seams of the Midlothian complication of the lock,

184
Natural Philosophy. Literature.

[December 20, 1817. LITERATURE.

to all connected with these institutions, A new and interesting book for child

entitled, “ Annals of Banks for Savings." ren, translated from the French of MR. C. Phillips, the eloquent baris- Part the first, containing details of the Jauffrett, author of the Travels of Row ter, has in the press, a Life of his friend, rise and progress of those institutions; lando, &c. will be published in a few the Right Hon. John Philpot CURRAN, observations on their importance, ten- days, entitled, a Day's Instructive Exin a quarto volume, embellished with a dency, and constitution ; an account of cursion ; or, a Father's First Lessons ; portrait. This work will comprise an the earliest establishments of this de- consisting of the first elements of useful account of the legal, political, and pri- scription ; full particulars for their form- knowledge, &c. embellished with five vate life of Mr. Curran; together with ation, management, &c.; methods of beautiful engravings. An edition in anecdotes and characters of his most dis- keeping accounts and calculating inte- French, revised, corrected, and imtinguished contemporaries, many of them rest; useful hints and suggestions; and proved, is also in the press. collected from his own lips.

communications from the principal banks John Millington, Esq. lecturerer on The Letters from the Hon. Hor. Wal- in Great Britain, &c.

mechanical subjects in the Royal Instipole, to George Montagu, Esq. from the Capt. M‘Konochie, royal navy, is pre- tution for the three last seasons, has been year 1736 to 1770, will soon be publish- paring for the press, a Summary View appointed Professor of Mechanics, and ed from the originals, in the possession of the Statistics and existing Commerce the various instruments and machines of the eclitor.

of the Principal Shores of the Pacific connected with this department have Lieut.-Colonel Johnston is preparing Ocean ; with a detail of the most pro- been placed under his care and superinfor publication, a Narrative of an Over- minent advantages which would seem tendence. He has particularly directed land Journey from India, performed in connected with the establishment of a his attention to the supply of all those the course of the present year, through central colony within its limits. To deficiencies which have arisen from the the principal cities of Persia, part of this, Capt. M. proposés to subjoin par- want of sufficient funds, and the want Armenia, Georgia, over the Caucasus ticulars of a plan for facilitating, gene- of a permanent person, sufficiently versed into Russia, through the territory inha- ally, the communication between the in the actual manipulations of art, to in bited by the Cossacks of the Don, to whole southern hemisphere, and the struct and explain them, and bring them Warsaw, and thence through Berlin to northern or atlantic parts; with a re- into a state of useful activity. Hamburgh. The works will be accom- view of the consequences, political and Tales of Wonder, of Humour, and of panied with engravings illustrative of commercial, which would seem connect- Sentiment, by Anna and Annabella the more remarkable antiquities in those ed with the adoption of this proposal. Plumptre, in three duodecimo volumes, countries, the costume of the inhabit. The book will be illustrated by a skele- are nearly ready. ants, and other interesting subjects, from ton chart; and the whole will be com A new edition of Mr. Stevens's Indrawings executed in the course of the prised within the limits of a small octa- quiry into the Abuses of the Chartered journey. vo volume.

Schools in Ireland, with remarks on the Mr. Nichols will shortly publish in Madame de Stael's new work on the Education of the Lower Classes in that two vols. 8vo, a new edition of the Life French Revolution has been purchased Country, is in the press, and will be and Errors of John Dunton, citizen of by Messrs. Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy; published in December. London ; with the lives and characters it will be printed both in French and The Rev. Daniel Tyerman, of Newof more than one thousand contemporá- English, 'under the superintendence of port, Isle of Wight, is printing a volume ry divines, and other persons of literary Mr. William Schlegel, the literary exe- of Essays on the Wisdom of God; eminence: to which will be added, Dun- cutor of the baroness. . The work will which may be expected to appear soon ton's Conversations in Ireland; selec- be comprised in three octavo volumes, after Christmas. tions from his other genuine works, and and will appear in London and at Paris The Rev. Robert Burnside has in the portrait of the author. on the same day.

press, in two octavo volumes, a series of Dr. James Johnson is preparing, in " Mr. Asbury has invented an instru-essays on the Religion of Mankind. an octavo volume, an Essay on the Pro- ment for puncturing the drum of the A second edition is preparing for the longation of Life and Conservation of ear, in cases of deafness; and two in- press, by Mr. Mackenzie, corrected and Health ; translated from the French of stances are recorded in which he has ope- enlarged, of Memoirs of the Life and MM. Gilbert and Halle.

rated successfully; the individuals were Writings of John Calvin. Mr. Hooker has likewise the first immediately restored to hearing. Will Mr. Matchett, of Norwich, is prenumber of a work ready for publication, the operation be permanently beneficial ? paring a Topographical Dictionary of on the new and rare, or little known, Mr. A. T. Thomson is preparing a the County of Norfolk, to be comprised Exotic Cryptogamic plants: with which second edition of the London Dispensa- in a large octavo volume, embellished will be incorporated those collected in tory, which will contain all the improve- with maps and views. South America, by Messrs. Humboldt ments in pharmaceutical chemistry, and A Biographical View of the Publie and Bonpland ; and various other in the alterations that have taken place in and Private Life of the Princess Charteresting subjects, in the possession of the British Pharmacopoeias, since its lotte, will appear in a few days. the author and his botanical friends. first appearance ; and also synonymes of A Copious Plan of the City of Bris This will have numerous plates, and ap- the names of the articles of the Materia tol and its Suburbs ; with Illustrative pears in an octavo form.

Medica, and the preparations in the Sections; is preparing for publication A new work on the subject of Saving French, German, Spanish, Italian, and by J. Plumley, land-surveyor, under Banks, will shortly make its appearance, Hindostanèe languages. This work is the patronage of the mayor and corpo which will be found particularly useful already in the press.

ration.

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