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January 3, 1818.]
Walks in Edinburgh and its Vicinity.

195 pera, which had carried all before it for its principal charm, some poet may be ly consent to be united to me when he ten years."

fortunate in adapting new words to it, knows it was my husband's wish, who During its representation, the Beg- and in accommodating the new model knew of my partiality, that I should gars Opera met with unanimous ap- led songs to an improved and more marry his friend." It was impossible plause; but when it appeared in print, pleasing drama.

font? p. 349:

for the duchess to preserve her gravity different opinions were entertained of

at this artless avowal of the fair mourn. its merits and tendency. The excel. Anecdote of a Spanish Widow.

er's plans and feelings; but, quickly lence of its morality was commended by One day (said a foreigner of distinc- softening her laugh into a smile, she Swift ; because, as he thought, “ it tion) while I was on a visit to her ex- graciously assured Madame de S-of placed all kinds of vice in the strongest cellency the beautiful and charming her willingness to serve her; but feeling, and most odious light;" while others, Duchess de Sainte P-, Madame de she added, that the speaking to the inamong whom was the Archbishop of — the widow of an officer of the spector-general on the subject of the Canterbury, censured it as giving en- Walloon guards, came with a petition widow's wishes would come with more couragement not only to vice, but to that she might be admitted by her grace propriety from her husband than from crimes, by making a highwayman the to the honour of an audience. The herself, she would immediately repair to hero, and dismissing him at last unpu- duchess, on receiving this message, ap- his excellency, and procure permission nished. It was even asserted, that the peared to hesitate on the answer she for her introduction to him, when she exhibition of the Beggars Opera had the should return, which induced me to re- might plead her own cause, to which effect of multiplying the gangs of rob-quest that I might be no impediment to her eloquence could not fail to give due bers.

her granting the interview solicited ; on effect. For this purpose her grace quitDr. Johnson's reflections on this di- which an assent was immediately given, ted the room. versity of opinion are peculiarly appro- and soon after the lady appeared, dress As the Duke de Sainte P-was at priate." Both these decisions," he ed in the deepest mourning, and veiled this time confined with the gout, masays, are surely exaggerated. The from head to foot. This shade, how- dame was pleased at having an opporplay, like many others, was plainly ever, she raised as, with an air of incon- tunity of affording him a little amusewritten to divert, without any moral solable grief, she approached the duchess, ment at the expense of the widow ; purpose, and it is, therefore, not likely and informed her that she had within a compensating, however, for so doing, by to do good ; nor can it be conceived, few days experienced the greatest of first obtaining a promise from her huswithout more speculation than life re- misfortunes in the loss of the best of band, that he would embrace her cause. quires or admits, to be productive of husbands ; adding, while a torrent of Having prepared her lord for the smiles much evil. Highwaymen and house- tears bathed her face, “ As you must be and tears, and melancholy graces of the breakers seldom frequent the play-house, sensible, madame, nothing can be more afflicted relict, the duchess returned to or mingle in any elegant diversion ; nor deplorable than the situation of a poor conduct her to his excellency, who had is it possible for any one to imagine officer's widow, since the queen and the with him, when Madame de s-enthat he may rob with safety, because he Duke of Ripparda have persuaded the tered, the minister at war, and another sees Macheath reprieved on the stage.” king to suppress their pensions. I am nobleman of the court. The widow,

The Beggars Opera still maintains its actually in danger of wanting bread, un- after gracefully bending to the duke, place : and when it is brought forward less your excellency will take compas-repeated, with still stronger expressions the enjoyment of the audience is un- sion on me, and relieve my distress by of grief and agitation, the request which doubtedly derived chiefly from the mu- marrying me to the lieutenant-colonel she had before addressed to her grace. sical part, with very little reference to of the regiment.” This petition was Various questions ensued on the part of the sentiments or characters of the piece. closed with sobs and sighs.

the duke, the answers to which were so But even with all its merits in this

“ I pity you most sincerely,” replied well seconded by the fine bedewed eyes view, it is rather wonderful that the the duchess, “ but I am quite at a loss of the widow, that, turning to the minicoarseness of the whole train of actions to understand by what means I can ef- ster of war, he requested, as a favour represented should have been so long fect your wishes, and oblige the lieu- to himself, that he would forward her tolerated in a country where the drama, tenant-colonel to accept the hand you wishes

. The minister, with great goodwithin the last half century, has been are so willing to bestow on him.” ness, assured the petitioner he would inso much improved and refined ; and is By the easiest in the world, ma- stantly dispatch the required order to it not still more wonderful that Ameri- dam," eagerly returned the widow, “ you the Marquis de Spinola, and was taking ca should lead the way in making the have only to order the Marquis de Spi- his leave to perform this promise, when first attempt to banish it from the stage? nola, inspector-general, to grant me a that nobleman most opportunely arrived When it was acted at New York not formal permission to marry the lieuten- to inquire after his excellency's health. many weeks ago, and the performance ant-colonel."

The inspector-general was well acquaintwas supported by the brilliant musical The duchess then inquired whether ed with Madame de S-; but not suspowers of Mr. Incledon, who fascinated any attachment subsisted between her pecting the business which had brought our transatlantic neighbours, the audi- and the officer with whom she wished her to the duke's, accosted her with ence permitted the play to proceed to to be united. “Ah! madame,” exclaim compliments of condolence on the irres the conclusion, but, much to their cre- ed the petitioner, with great animation, parable loss she had so recently sustaindit, expressed their disapprobation of it “ I have long entertained for him a ed by the death of her husband, an offiin such strong terms as would probably great affection, and I have no reason to cer for whom he expressed the highest prevent its repetition. If the music bel doubt that he returns it, and will readi- 'esteem. This address again roused all

196 Anecdotes.- Epilaphs.

[January 9, 1818. her distressed feelings, and she poured | Spain, which created in her majesty a Carried into Church * that he might money geet. them forth with such lively expression curiosity to see the principal actress in By this you See what man will dwo to geet of sorrow that the Marquis de Spinola, it, and the widow was accordingly in- and Pray by the Foresaid young man !!! who was not like the other spectators, in troduced. On this occasion, the queen the secret of her real feelings, was quite took a malicious pleasure in questioning

The above was transcribed, verbatim overpowered by his own, till the minis- het respecting her deceased husband, et literatim, as a curiosity in its way. It ter of war seeing calm succeeding to this and witnessing her theatrical display of may not be amiss to add, that on the last burst of lamentation thus addressed extravagant grief.

setting up of this stone, the churchthe sympathising inspector.--" The dead

wardens immediately waited on the mihusband, Monsieur, is no longer in ques

nister of the parish, representing to him tion ; on the contrary, the subject under

Bibliographical Anecdote. the offence which the epitaph bad givconsideration is the procuring a living In the attic storey of an antique en themselves, and his parishioners in one, through whom the disconsolate wi- house in a county town of France, did general, from the scandalous falsehoods dow may be restored to happiness and a Scots gentleman, slightly affected with it contained, and the stigma intended to comfort. To you she looks for effecting bibliomania, stumble upon a vender of be fixed by it on his character: for they this change in her present forlorn situa- title pages : but, alas ! his occupation knew that the deceased had died of a 'tion; and for this purpose

virulent small-pox, and so suddenly, solicits had gone bye; revolutions and your

wars, conpermission that she may marry the lieu- scriptions and contributions, hall put at that there was scarcely time for giving tenant-colonel of the regiment to which rest in France the amusement of book- notice of his illness before his death con.

firmed it. her deceased husband belonged when hunting.

They, therefore, begged, living." The Marquis de Spinola re Some of the ancient stores of this that the epitaph might be obliterated, plied, “ If the lieutenant-colonel solicits bibliographic quarter-master-general still and that they might be supported by my.consent, far be it from me to throw remained, which was eagerly acquired his concurrence in doing it. But he, impediments in the way of madame's for the moderate sum of ten francs.

having gratified the church-wardens finding consolation for the death of one Out of two hundred title pages, dated indignation and his own curiosity, by husband in the arms of another.” The from every chief city in Europe, about looking at the inscription, desired that widow then hastily departed, promising fifty or sixty proved to be good exam- it might be permitted to remain; for to return speedily—which she did, and, ples of the finely cut .vooden prints that he could not allow himself to have a

share in the destruction of such poetry !" with a gay yet modest air, presented adorned the books of the sixteenth centhe Marquis de Spinola a letter from the tury, and which might figure in that - This minister was the learned Mr. lieutenant-colonel; on reading which, beautiful work the Bibliographical De- Pyle, son of Mr. Pyle, formerly of that nobleınan courteously praised the cameran of Dibdin.

Lynne Regis, in Norfolk, the author of taste shown by the writer in his choice Being questioned how he had collect the Paraphrase on St. Paul's Epistles, of so amiable a lady, and at the same ed, and carried on such a stock in this in the manner of S. Clarke's on the time complimented her on her dexterity singular traffic, he declared, with appar-Gospels

. in making an event which threatened ent sincerity, that he had never spar

In contrast with the above vulgar to degrade her, the means of her eleva- tanized a leaf, but had fairly and honest- abuse, is subjoined an elegant distich,

from Stoke-Gabriel, in Devon : tion; with which compliment the fair ly rescued all of them from the grocer petitioner appeared highly gratified. It and tobacconist.

Fair Flower !-transplanted by the hand of was, indeed, a masterstroke on her part,

Love,

To bud and bloom in milder bowers above." in the success of which she had great

Epitaphs. reason to triumph. Nor did she attempt

The following is found in the church It were to be wished, that the offito conceal the pride and pleasure with yard of Little Hempston, in Devonshire: ciating minister of every parish would which she glowed, but with much ani

Here lies the body of Betsey Bowden;

exercise a right which he unquestionmation thanked all present for the good She wou'd live longer, but she cou'd en. ably possesses ; (and for which church. fortune they had joined in procuring Her leg, e'en though it budg'd no more, wardens in general are but ill qualified), her, and departed with a countenance

Still ran-alas, one running sore !

namely, that of giving his imprimatur from whence all traces of grief had va

Loathsome it ran, both night and day, nished. When the widlow had retired,

But carried Betsey-clean away.

to sepulchral publications. Surely no the whole party indulged in a hearty

But a more ridiculous epitaph may the clergyman. From his regular in

epitaph should appear unsanctioned by laugh, and some free animadversions on

be seen on a headstone, at the east end spection and occasional suggestions, the her sudden transitions from sorrow to of the church-yard, in the parish of memorials of the dead would acquire a joy: The duchess compared her to the West Allington, in the same county.

tone and a spirit of which we can at Ephesian matron; but the gentlemen

Here lieth the body of

present form no conception; and even were more indulgent, and the Marquis

Daniel Jeffery the Son of Mich. ael Jeffery and Joan his Wife he

the country church-yard would become de Spinola, in particular, endeavoured

Was buried ye 2 day of September

a repository of moral instruction and to soften the indecorum of her conduct, 1746 and in ye 18th year of his Age

Christian admonition, equally adapted by relating many instances of the cor This youth When In his sickness lay to untutored and cultivated minds. For rectness and amiableness with which did for the minister Send that he would cautious in excluding from the epitaph she had performed all the duties of a

Come & with him pray. But he would not all vulgarity and profaneness, the judi

atend wife. The duchess could not resist re

But when this young Man Buried was cious inspector would never lose sight lating this adventure to the Queen of the minister did him admit * he should be of simplicity

January 3, 1818.]
Progress of Knowledge in the United States.

197 Progress of Knowledge in the United from others. When we owe so much to and the discoveries which necessity or States.

the bee, the silkworm, the Spanish fly, chance have brought to light in one

and some others, who can say that there country are communicated to another ; (Concluded from page 178.)

may not be many valuable properties their mutual wants are relieved; and á Natural History. All that has been among the innumerable tribes of insects, salutary stimulus is given to exertion by urged in favour of botany applies to the which industry, assisted by genius, may means of a gainful commerce. While study of animated nature. We are in- in time discover? If, moreover, an in- astronomy has, by its assistance to navia debted to animals for a large proportion timate knowledge of their history and gation, done so much for trade, manuof our food, and for our warmest and economy should render no other benefit

, factures, and the diffusion of knowledge, most beautiful clothing ; for their assist- it may serve to prevent their mischief, it has in turn been indebted to the meance in our most laborious operations; often very extensive, and beyond our chanical arts for the perfection of the and for furnishing us with an easy and present means of avoiding. It might be telescope, the quadrant, and its other rapid mode of conveyance. No one can very practicable for us, were we better various instruments. It has also aided doubt that the art of managing them, instructed in their history, to counteract us in a more accurate knowledge of the and of improving their breeds, cannot the ravages of the borer in the West relative position of the different parts of but be advanced by an accurate know. Indies, of the Hessian fly and the weevil the habitable globe. But for our astroledge of their history, qualities, and in the United States, by which tbe reve. nomical observations of Jupiter's satelmanners. And that inquiries cannot be nue of whole countries is so greatly di- lites, the longitude of most places would, safely trusted merely to that class of men minished; to say nothing of the various even at the present day, be a matter of which has an interest in making them, insects which annoy our cattle, horses, uncertainty. By the assistance of lo. is evident from the improvement which and even our own species. Thus, a garithms and fluxions, calculations otherthe treatment of the horse has experi- thorough knowledge of every part of wise the most operose or impracticable, enced, since the institution of veterinary animated nature is. important with re- are made easy and certain ; and by the societies in Europe ; though this ani- gard to comparative anatomy and phy- aid of these not only do geometry and mal, above all others, had previously siology; to manufactures; and to pri- algebra lend their aid to their sister been the object of ordinary care and at- vate and public economy.

sciences, but the labours of even the tention. But although it may not be Mineralogy.-An accurate acquaint-financier and political economist are unworthy of men of genius and science ance with the various mineral substan- abridged and facilitated. Indeed if we to acquire an accurate knowledge of the ces, whether metals, earths, acids, or consider the assistance which the mathehorse, the dog, the cow, the sheep, the salts, cannot but multiply and improve matical sciences have given to navigahog, and in short of all other animals the riches we draw from the bowels of tion, we must admit that there is no which may be subservient to the pur- the earth. There is perhaps not a spe- branch of human knowledge which they poses of man, what benefit, it may be cies of soil or stone upon this globe, or have not directly or indirectly benefited. asked, can be derived from enumerating within it, that may not be made sub Foreign Languages. The defence of the different species of spiders or bugs. servient to the comfort of man, in pro- the study of the classics will hereafter or exploring the manners of snails ? Io viding him either habitations, utensils, be the subject of a separate considerathis objection it may be answered, that tools, ornaments, fuel, or medicine. tion. It may, however, be here briefly the laws of animal life form a subject so And though much has been done by observed, that the acquisition of the copious and so elusive of our grasp, by scientific inquiry, how much more is dead languages may serve to sharpen a means of the senses, and are with all so there yet to do! The mineral wealth boy's faculties when he is not able to important to be known, that we should of this vast continent still remains al- learn any thing else, and, therefore, may avail ourselves of every possible source most unexplored. Nor has science any be considered as subsidiary to the ac. of information. In this point of view where as yet ascertained upon what quisition of every other species of know, no part of the works of nature deserve principles the fruitfulness of soil de- ledge. This study has, moreover, a dito be disdained. Besides finding in all pends. We should surely be more like rect tendency to improve us in writing of them, from the highest to the lowest, ly to learn the means of increasing and and speaking our own language, both much to be admired, we often unex- preserving the pabulum of plants, if our by the excellent examples of composition pectedly light upon instructive analo-experimental farmers were more of bo- which they afford; by the exercise they gies. It is by the congregation of re- tanists, chemists, and mineralogists. give us in making translations; and by mote and insulated facts that we are led Mathematics. The sciences of mea- teaching us the etymology of particular to the discovery of general laws. The surement and calculation are so auxili- words, and the principles of language in functions of nature, one would think, ary to every profession and occupation general-an improvement of incalcula cannot but be better understood by a in life, that their elements compose a able benefit, whether we consider it as near and a comprehensive view of her part of every system of instruction, how- affording a direct pleasure to ourselves, operations, than by one that is partial ever circumscribed. But the more ab-as facilitating the communication of or superficial : and in the course of our struse branches of geometry and algebra knowledge to others. It is by a study researches, even into the minutest of are also not without their use. By the of words, and of things through words, her creatures, we are often rewarded by aid of astronomy and arithmetic we are that our orators, and fine writers both some discovery which may contribute able to traverse with safety and certain of poetry and prose, are principally to our comfort or enjoyment. The most ty those wide and trackless oceans which formed. And it is by the arts of style beautiful of dyes is furnished by an in- cover four-fifths of the globe. Thus the and method that these can combine desect. Peculiar acids have been extracted intercourse among nations is facilitated, light with instruction, lectorum delectana

198

Progress of Knowledge in the United States.

[January 3, 1618.

do paciterque monendo, and thus do so benefit to the rest, they are all individual- the mathematical sciences the last. But much to impart and diffuse to the many ly useful by the exercise they afford to though not all equal in dignity, they are what has been discovered by the few. the intellects of those who pursue tliem. all entitled to respect, and are all indis

Antiquities.-As a branch of history, The mental discipline is nearly the same pensable to civilized man. this study is entitled to encouragement in every subject which may be denomi Nor will it be denied that much of and respect. The situation and con- nated scientific. They all accustom the the time and talents which have been duct of nations, at different times, though mind to comparing and discriminating devoted to some less imporant branch often alike, has never been the same ; -to generalization—and abstraction. of science might have beenadvant ageand whatever may help us to remove They teach it to perceive analogies, and ously transferred to others of more digthe rubbish which time has heaped upon to invent illustrations. At one time to nity and value. He who, like Leuwenpast occurrences is valuable, by giving resolve what is compound into its con- hoek, has had the patience to count the us a new chapter in the history of man. stituent elements, and at another, to de- eggs in the roe of a herring, might have Thus the exploring of monumental in- duce remote and complex truths from passed his time, at least as agreeably, in scriptions, buildings, fortifications, me- simple and undeniable principles-a- acquiring more useful information. But dals, and coins, are all useful in this bove all, they form habits of patient and every human pursuit is susceptible of arespect; and often enable us the better diligent inquiry, of method and arrange- buse, and man ever has been prone to to understand the laws, arts, and man- ment. Though different sciences fur- extremes. It must also be recollected ners of those who flourished on the nish different materials, the intellectual that by giving an undivided attention theatre of the world centuries ago. Ac- instruments and operations are, with to a single subject, more extensive and curate information of every thing ap- little variation, the same.

accurate knowledge will be obtained pertaining to the ancient nations of But admitting that any particular concerning it; and though the indiviGreece, to the komans, and the Cartha- study was not attended with the ad- dual inquirer may be a loser, the world ginians, especially the latter, if it could vantages of public utility or individual is likely to be a gainer by this minute be obtained by modern industry, would improvement, and its sole direct benefit subdivision of this field of inquiry; since be of inestimable value to us in the ad- consisted in the pleasure it imparted to the result of a year's labour may often ministration of our republic, by teaching its votaries, it certainly is no small praise be imparted in a single hour. us what it would be safe to imitate, and that by furnishing a harmless and in It may perhaps be objected that, as what it would be prudent to avoid. teresting employment, it would cheer as life does not allow us leisure to culti

These remarks upon the utility of the dreary hour of sickness and solitude; vate every branch of learning, and to some particular branches of learning and it would afford a security against the acquire every species of knowledge, it science, which many among us affect to seductions of vice and the temptations behoves us to make a selection of the underrate, might be extended to an in- to crime; and would enable unhappy most worthy, and devote ourselves exdefinite length. They are, however, mortals to elude those vain hopes of the clusively to that. But there are many sufficient to show us that we ought not future and bitter regrets of the past, who by patient industry may make suchastily to impute insignificance to any and the thousand black chagrins which cessful researches in natural history, or subject of diligent and ardent specula- idleness never fails to engender to be experimental philosophy, who would tion. The fact is, that the same close set the path of even the most virtuous never attain proficiency as statesmen or affinity which the ancients supposed to in their journey through life. In this legislators, as writers or orators. How exist among the Muses may be extended point of view the study of entomology, many are now delving in the learned to the whole circle of arts and sciences, or conchology, or ichthyology, afford professions who not only add nothing to and every benefit rendered to any one as venial an occupation as hunting, or the general stock of human knowledge, member has a tendency to advance the fishing, or any other unprofitable pur- but who cannot comprehend what is interest of the whole family. Let us suit.

already known, and who have with consider, for example, the mechanical It is readily admitted that all human difficulty acquired that portion of inapplication of steam, from the first hint studies are not equally deserving of the formation which is necessary to ensure of the marquis of Worcester, in his Cen- encouragement they receive, and that a livelihood ? That the number of this tury of inventions, through all its gra- some of them are carried far beyond the class should be lessened would certain. dual improvements, to those floating bat- limits which a regard to public or pri- ly occasion no loss to the world, and as teries which the genius of the late Mrvate utility would prescribe. If we certainly none to themselves in point of Fulton has contrived for the defence of would graduate them according to their pleasure or intellectual profit, if their ocour maritime cities, or to the steam- intrinsic importance, certainly we should cupations were exchanged for others boats which now ply on the river Mis- place those highest which most concern more suited to their capacity. In fine, sissippi. We here find that the dis- the happiness of man; and of these, we as it respects the public, much of the covery of a simple fact in pneumatics would give precedence to that branch time bestowed in forming crude politihas given rise to improvements in me- which appertains to communities rather cal theories—in acrimonious invectives chanics, in the military art, and in na- than to individuals. “ The proper -in frivolous dissertations might be vigation, and to commercial and politi- study of mankind, is man.” Accord-more beneficially laid out in investigatcal consequences that are important, ing to this standard ethics, including ing the operations of nature, however 'beyond all calculation.

politics, jurisprudence, and moral phi- minute. And as it respects the indiviIndependent of the general utility losophy, would occupy the first place. dual himself, it is a mere matter of taste which every branch of science may pos- Physics, including agriculture, chemis- whether he catches butterflies or squirsess, by its natural affinity and probable I try, and natural history, the next: and rels-hunts deer or frogs and traces

January 3, 1818.] Progress of Knowledge in the United States.-Letter of David Hume.

199 the pedigree of a horse or the history of never effectually wipe off the illiberal must suffer a violent shock; especially if he minnows. In either pursuit he may reproaches with which our intellectual is to return to company less suited to him, find equal interest and amusement. character has been assailed, so long as ference given to foreigners. But I was willing

and who are perhaps disgusted with the preEvery species of occupation or re- there is any branch of letters in which to shut my eyes to this inconvenience which search which may be properly termed we shall manifest a decided inferiority ; was distant and depended on accident. I coud scientific, has been vindicated upon the and until we are disenthralled from more easily bear this prospect, than the immegeneral grounds that there is the closest every species of dependence, literary as I loved ; and I shall not name to you the per

diate and final separation from friends whom affinity among the different branches of well as commercial, we shall not attain

son who had the chief hand in my taking this human knowledge—that though they our proper portion of national respect. determination. But here another office has are not all equal in importance, some Besides, excellence in the sports and been conferred upon me, which tho''I did not minds may pursue one with success, pastimes of the mind, as well as in its desire it, I coud not avoid ; and I shoud rewhen they would fail in another—that more serious contests, are to be valued, ployed by the English ministry in places of where no public benefit can be derived, not for their intrinsic worth, but because trust and confidence: Coud I hope that in case they are entitled to indulgence as sources superiority in the one would afford a of a war, I should be allowed to remain unof innocent amusement that where just promise of superiority in the other. molested; when even considered in the light they are pursued with more ardour than | As the case now stands, a scientific of a man of letters, I coud scarcely fiatter mycan be justified upon any of the preceding treatise is quite a rarity, and a diction- that, when 1 shall get rid of this office (which

self with enjoying that privilege. Add to this, grounds, the instances are rare, and that ary of arts and sciences, composed and I hope will be soon) I am almost universally we must be content to put up with this not merely copied in the United States, exhorted to continue my history ; and all imaliability to excess to which every good is a literary phenomenon which we can ginable assistance has been promised me. The thing is incident--and lastly, that this never expect to behold, while there are king bimself has been pleased to order that all excessive devotion is nowhere more per- so many among us who, however limit-me: and has even sent for some papers from

the records and public offices shall be open to ceived than in those studies which are ed their capacity or theatre of action, Hanover which he thought would be useful. most useful and dignified, and which set up for statesmen and philosophers, You see ther, my dear friend, what reason I are pursued by thousands, without ad- and disdain to be any thing else.

have to remain in suspense. For even tho' a vantage to others or themselves from

permission shoud be given me to remain at

Paris, in case of a rupture, the most unexcepthe influence of vanity or habit or ex

David Hume.

tionable conduct coud not free me entirely from ample.

suspicion ; and I must tremble at every mark There is, however, one consideration

The annexed letter acquires an addi- of jealousy or ill will from every clerk in of. which is peculiarly applicable to the tional interest from the contrast it af- fice. However I cannot yet renounce the idea, United States. From the nature of our fords to recent practices in the treatment which was long so agreeable to me, of ending government, we are, as has been observ- of British subjects in France at the my days in a society which I love, and which

I found peculiarly fitted to my humour and ed, more invited to the study of politics breaking out of war, and also in the disposition. I can only delay the taking any and legislation, and those branches of treatment of aliens among ourselves. determination till the event shall require it of learning which qualify the possessor for Times are certainly altered. The scan- me.

I saw here with Lord Holdernesse an archi. the discharge of public offices. The dalous chronicle, and other subjects with honour and emoluments by which these which it concludes

, would be amusing Prince of Conti. You may believe that these

tect recommended to him by you and the are rewarded, operating as a bounty, from any pen.

names were not indifferent to me I immedia give them extraordinary encouragement,

London, 27th November 1767. ately gave him a letter to my friend Mr. Adam, and degrade all others below their ap

I was always sensible, dear Madam, that a man of genius, and allowed to be the best arpropriate rank. In these, therefore, we

there were several inconveniencies attending chitect in this country, or perhaps in Europe.

one's settlement in a foreign country. But i He delivered the letter ; but some affairs called are conspicuously deficient; and foreign- was never much alarmed with any of them, him suddenly from this country, so that Adam ers, taking a partial view of our learn- except that of wars breaking out between had not an opportunity to be so serviceable to ing and science, are apt to judge erro France and England; an event, which, from him as he intended.

Horace Walpole told me he was so happy as neously of the whole from the unfavour- the opposite interests, and still more the conable opinion they justly form of a part. be dreaded. In this respect, it must be own- pleased with the account he gave me of your

trary humours of the two nations, is always to to see you several times at Paris. I was much They find us but little acquainted with ed, that France has not usually adopted such state of health and spirits and way of life. I chemistry and mineralogy-not adepts a liberal practice as that of England. No hope he was not deceived. Next to this I in the higher branches of the mathema- Frenchman is ever expelled this country even shoud be happy to hear good accounts, or ratics-indifferent prosodists-careless a

when the sovereigns are at war; but this is ther the continuance of good accounts, of the bout the minutiæ of classical literature almost always the case in France; and on the Count de Boufflers. I foresee that the satis

commencement of the last hostilities, some faction of your future life is likely to depend and they regard us as a people inferior Englishmen, who had great protection, and much on his conduct. in intellect and native genius. Nor are who earnestly desired to remain, vere yet

There is an affair broke out which makes a we altogether free from a similar sense obliged to leave the country. I suppose the great noise, between Lady Bolingbroke and of inferiority: On this account, then, from the difference of our governments : for ed from her husband sometime ago, but tis

reason of this difference in conduct proceeds your friend Beauclerc. This lady was separat. it would be desirable to see every branch

as we cannot pretend to secrecy, we care not pretended bore a child lately to Mr. Beauclerc, of science and learning prosecuted and who is acquainted with our measures, which and it is certain her husband has begun a proencouraged. I would have a question is not precisely the case with you.

cess for a divorce, in which nobody doubts of concerning the Greek accents discussed This prospect, I own, always gave me un- his success. It is a great pity: she is hand. with all the laborious research and cri- easiness. A man in the decline of life, to be some, and agreeable and ingenious far beyond tical acumen which could be displayed the place of his residence, and where he had was of your acquaintance.

expelled a country, which he had chosen for the ordinary rate. I know not whether she at Oxford or Cambridge. For we shall formed a number of agreeable connexions,

Pray remember me in the kindest and most

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