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220
On Frauds in Bankruptcy.

[Felruary 7, 1818. The bankrupt, in some cases, it will eyes to some obvious features in this of the common funds to improve certain be observed, avails himself of a tempo case ;---after many out’s and in's, and other parts which had become, by varary embarrassment under which trade vicissitudes of hope and disappoint. rious means, more or less circuitous labours, though its effects may never ment, it appeared that L.45,000 had their own individual property. have reached him; he talks loudly of dwindled down to something less than It is easy to perceive the length to the badness of the times, and of the one halt of that sum; and none of the which such a system would be carried desperate state of the country, while he creditors, so far as I could learn, ever when it was once begun, and how difis trading all the time on other people's received more than one-half of the a- ficult it is for men to lay any restraint money. The next step is to make out mount of their debts ! Now, how could upon their actions, when they have a flattering view of the state of his af. this happen, some of your readers will once overstúpped the limits of strict fairs, to shew that he is perfectly sol- probably be ready to exclaim? There justice. There was some reason to vent, and that he is entitled to the ma must, doubtless, have been some great suspect, indeed, that in the case alluded nagement of his own estate. To gain loss, during the trust management from to, there had been so much jostling of this point, which is one of the first im other bankruptcies,-or from the de- interests, and so many shifts and expeportance to himself, every endeavour is vouring flames or merciless ocean,-or dients employed, with so many breaches exerted, by increasing the number of from the sudden depreciation in the of promise, that it ended in maturing a nominal creditors by means of relations price of goods, the produce perhaps of disposition in those chiefly concerned, or friends, who being joined by others, the West Indies,—or from some other to convert every thing to their own purharing little interest in pushing the unforeseen but equally overwhelming pose, and to elude the payment of every examination of matters very far, pre- casualty.—No, none of these misfortunes just demand which could be made upon sent something like an example to those visited the property in question. So them. This much, however, is certain, who are not unwilling to find a plausi- far, indeed, from any real loss having that in place of a large surplus fund, ble pretence for indulging their bene- happened, it was shown by the partners there ultimately appeareda shortcoming volent feelings, in treating the unfortu- themselves, that by trading during the nearly double the amount of that alnate man with indulgence. English period of the trust management, a gain leged surplus ; while there was nothing creditors seldom prove troublesome, had actually been made. As the cause, in the nature of the stock or funds and the last class, those who think they then, of such an enormous shortening which could have prevented any man perceive some grounds for inquiry, be must be a subject of much curiosity to of ordinary understanding and common fore surrendering again every thing in most persons, I shall briefly detail such honesty from fixing a valuation, within to the hands of men whose conduct, facts as came to my knowledge, which a few hundred pounds at inost, of the whether fair or otherwise, had brought may serve to throw a faint light on the sum for which the whole might at any their affairs to an unfortunate issue, are history of a case involving so much mys. time have been sold. Nor is there less in consequence not unfrequently over tery, even to those who were most deep- doubt as to the effects of the system of ruled, and even stigmatized as severe, ly concerned. First, then, there was a management now alluded to, in another vindictive, or self-interested, in putting clear shortcoming, to a considerable a point of view ; I mean in its influence down a rival in trade.

mount, in place of a surplus fund, at the on the fortunes of the bankrupts. To I have known a case of the most des date of the trust-deed; in other words, a close observer it soon appeared, that perate bankruptcy, involving extensive the company were bankrupt, a fact these bankrupts, or partners, or by interests, where all those arts had been which had been well known for several whatever name they may now choose employed, and had so far succeeded, years to the partners themselves, and to be distinguished, if they be yet alive, that, with the exception of two or three those immediately connected with them; while their interest was rapidly advan creditors, all parties either believed, or but that, for the sake of obtaining the cing, that of the creditors was proceedaffected to believe, that nothing had oc management of their funds, they re-ing, by equally certain and quick steps, curred, in what was delicately called jected the statements of their clerks, in an inverse ratio. Long before the 2 suspension of payment, deserving of and exhibited a most exaggerated view insolvent affairs were finally wound up, reproach, or of suspicion, or which in. of the state of their funds. Secondly, they not only found themselves in betdeed demanded any thing like the ex From the delusive appearances of sol. ter circumstances than ever they had ercise of an ordinary degree of circum- vency, the partners were permitted by been in before, but continued in possesspection in watching the proceedings of the creditors to follow their own course sion, for how long I cannot venture to the unfortunate men in the management of management-a management which, say, of a business which no talents they of their estate. The delusion was car even in its best aspect, was no other possessed, anıl no exertion of honest inried so far, on this occasion, that on a than that which brought their affairs dustry on their part, could ever have ruined creditor referring to the bank into a state of bankruptcy. Thirdly, enabled them to form. It must excite rupts, he was checked, with all the spirit The partners being permitted, during the most painful feelings, when we come of offended pride, and requested to their management of the trust funds, to contrast the splendid establishment, measure his words ; for, that gentlemen to carry on business on their own indi- and luxurious mode of living, of men who were in a condition to pay 30 shil. vidual account, they made large pur- in such circumstances, with the condilings in the pound ought not to be so chases, after due preparation, of their tion of some of their ruined and deluded stigmatized; that partners-partners, own property, or rather, the property creditors. The present case exhibited was the proper term! But a few years entrusted to their management. But a striking example of what may be management brought about a useful dis

this was not all. It was clearly. disco- done, and what may be endured-of covery to those creditors who had sa vered that they had solely and delibe- the triumph of audacious villainy over crificed their judgment or shut their rately sacrificed more than one branch all the obligations of gratitude and jus

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February 7. 1818.]
Sketches of Society.-- Twelfth Day.

221 tice. How all this happens how such, called from its being the twelfth day, ed, a bowl of spiced wine, which being men are again allowed to take their after the nativity of our Saviour, and presented with the Saxon words just place in society, to enter again into all the day on which the Eastern Magi

, mentioned, was therefore called a IVasthe intercourses of life, and to be again guided by the star, arrived at Beth- sail-bowl. A bowl or cup of this desreceived into the confidence of their lehem, to worship the infant Jesus. cription was also to be found in almost neighbours,—may at first sight appear “ This festive day, the most cele- every nobleman's or gentleman's house, a problem of no easy solution. Igno- brated of the twelve for the conviviali-| (and frequently of massy silver,) until rance or want of reflection in some, and ty of its rites, has been observed in this the middle of the seventeenth century, self interest in others, as we often find Kingdom ever since the reign of Alfred; and which was in perpetual requisition out, must do a good deal towards weak-in whose days,' says Collier, a law during the revels of Christmas." ening the recollection of such acts of was made with relation to holidays, by Hence we have the word Wassel, sy. moral delinquency, and of inducing a virtue of which, the twelve days after nonymous for carousing and joviality. forgetfulness of the proofs of utter in the Nativity of our Saviour were made “ During the reigns of Elizabeth and sensibility to the sufferings and calami- Festivals.

James I. the celebration of the Twelfth ties which the prosecution of such ini The Twelfth Cake was almost always Night was, equally with Christmas Day, quitous schemes must inevitably bring accompanied by the Wassail Bowl, a a festival through the land, and was ob

But something more composition of spiced wine or ale, or served with great ostentation and cerewould yet seem necessary to account, mead, or metheglin, into which was mony in both the Universities, at court, not merely for that indiscriminate re- thrown roasted apples, sugar, &c. The at the Temple, and at Lincoln's and spect which is shewn to men of good term Wassail, which in our elder poets Gray's-inn. Many of the masques of and bad principles, but to that respect- is connected with much interesting Ben Johnsor were written for the aful deference which is yielded to the imagery, and many curious rites, ap- musement of the royal family on this latter, when highly successful. It is pears to have been first used in this night; and Dugdale in his Origines Jue often sufficient, that a mau is successful island during the well-known interview dicales, has given us a long and partiin his designs; by what means, it is of between Vortigern and Rowena. Geof- cular account of the revelry at the little consequence to inquire. Let him frey of Monmouth relates, on the au- Temple on each of the twelve days of be guilty of a breach of trust, and abuse thority of Walter Calenius, that this Christmas, in the year 1562. It apthe confidence, which, from a sympathy lady, the daughter of Hengist, knelt pears from this document, that the hosfor his unfortunate situation, was re- down, on the approach of the king, and pitable rites of St Stephen's day, St posed in his integrity—and let the pro- presenting him with a cup of wine, ex- John's day, and the Twelfth day, were Aperfty with which he was entrusted, claimed, " Lord King Wæs heil,' that is, ordered to be exactly alike; and as under such circumstances, be trans- literally, Health be to you.' Vorti- many of them as in their nature, perferred, by a series of tricks and decep- gern being ignorant of the Saxon lan- fectly rural, and where there is every tions, to himself and for his own use guage, was informed by an interpreter, reason to suppose, observed to a cerand let all this happen, as it has done, that the purport of these words was to tain extent in the halls of the country his ill-gotten wealth will yet secure to wish him health, and that he should re- gentry and substantial yeomanry, a him the respect and consideration of ply by the expression, drinc-heil, or short record here, of those that fall unthose even who were loud in their re drink the health :' aceordingly, on his der this description, cannot be deemed probation of his conduct, so long as the so doing, Rowena drank, and the king inapposite. issue of his selfish exertions remained receiving his cup from her hand, kissed “The breakfast on Twelfth Day is doubtful. I myself have known several and pledged her.

directed to be of brawn, mustard, and instances within these few years of this

malmsey; the dinner of two courses to compromising spirit, and subserviency

Health, my Lord King, the sweet Rowena said; be served in the hall, and after the first to events. This influence of good and Then gaily rose, and 'mid the concourse wide,

Health,' cried the chieftain to the Saxon maid;

course · cometh in the master of the bad fortune upon our moral sentiments, Kiss'd her hale lips, and placed her by his side. game, apparelled in green velvet; and it must be well known to many of your At the soft scene, such gentle thoughts abound, the Ranger of the Forrest alsu, in a readers, is forcibly illustrated by Dr That healths and kisses 'mongst the guests went green suit of satten ; bearing in his hand Smith, by a reference to our opinions From this the social custom took it rise ;

green

bow and divers arrows, with of the characters of some of those men we still retain, and still must keep the prize.

either of them a hunting horn about who acted a conspicuous part in Ro Paraphrase of Robert of Gloucester. their necks : blowing together three man story

blasts of venery, they pace round a“ Since this period, observes the his-bout the fire three times. Then the Sketches of Society.

torian, the custom has prevailed in Bri- Master of the Game maketh three curtain of using these words whilst drink tesies, kneels down, and petitions to be

ing; the person who drank to another admitted into the service of the Lord TWELFTH DAY.

saying was-heil, and he who received of the Feast. Dr Drake in his recent work, the cup answering drinc-heil.

" This ceremony performed, a hunts. " Shakespeare and his Times," gives It soon afterwards became a custom man cometh into the hall, with a fox the following curious and entertaining in villages on Christmas-eve, New and a purse-net, with a cat, both bound account of this remarkable holiday. Year's Eve, and Twelfth Night, for iti at the end of a staff: and with them

To the rejoicings on New Year's nerant minstrels to carry to the hous- nine or ten couple of hounds, with the tide succeeded, after the short interval, es of the gentry and others, where they blowing of hunting-horns. And the the observance of the Twelfth Day, so were generally very hospitably receiv- fox and cat are by the hounds set

a

a

222
Sketches of Society-Religious Prejudices in India, &c.

[February 7. 1818 upon, and killed beneath the fire. This The merry pastime, cried—Avaunt to care! and truly laudable exertions of some of sport finished, the Marshal, an officer so All—while cach slip a forfeit would incur,

our countrymen, who, although, they (A slip that hardly left a lasting slur :) called, who, with many other different

With the same ardour as when childhood dawns, pleaded in favour of humanity, their appellations, was created for the pur Survey'd the accumulating store of pawns;

pleadings were at first not only disrepose of conducting the revels, placeth And all enjoy'd, with eyes that rapture beam'd, garded, but received through prejudicethem in their several appointed places. The frolic penance that each pawn redeem'd as an insult: but the persevering cha6. After the second course, the “ an.

Perhaps, self-doom'd to ply the gipsy's trade, racter of Britons was not to be discientest of the Masters of the Revels Or through the gridiron kiss the kitchen maid, Or, by a gentle metaphoric trick,

couraged by obstacles: Colonel Walker singeth a song, with the assistance of With cleaner lips salute the candlestick,

did not desist from his humane purothers there present ;' and after some Or catch the elusive apple with a bound, poses; he sought opportunities of inrepose and revels, supper, consisting of As with its taper it fiew whizzing round, forming the understandings of the peotwo courses, is then served in the hall, or, with the mouth half-diving to the neck,

ple, in respect to the nature of the and being ended, the Marshal pre-Or, into wildness as the spirits work, · The splendid sbilling' in a meal-tub seek,

crime; when he discovered, it was gesenteth himself with drums afore him, Display a visage blacken'd o'er with cork,

nerated by pride, avarice, and the almounted upon a scaffold, borne by four Meantime, the geese-dance" gains upon the sight leged inferiority of woman : but by dismen; and goeth three times round a. In all the pride of mimic splendour bright; cussing the subject frequently in the bout the harthe, crying out aloud,

As urchin bands affect the pageant show,

;

Cutcherry (Court of Justice) and exLord, a Lord, &c. then he descendeth, And pigmy kings with carnage Stain their path, posing the enormity of the practice, as and goeth to dance."

Shake their cock-plumes, and lift their swords of contrary to religion and nature, every lath;

cast, at length, came to express an abTWELFTH NIGHT.

And great St George struts, valorous, o'er the horrence of infanticide ; and the obsti

plain, OR, KING AND QUEEN.

nate principles of the Jarejahs began And boasts the trophies of the dragon slain ; Now the mirth comes,

And little dames their favouring smiles bestow; to be shaken. What was the result ? With cake full of plums,

And · father Christmas' bends his head of snow ! - In the course of twelve months, seWhere Beane's the king of the sport here ;

See Polwhele's Poems. veral of the chiefs formally abjured Beside, we must know,

the practices of infanticide, and were The Pea also

• Which answers to the morris.dance.

soon followed by the Jarejah tribes in Must revel as Queene in the court here.

general; shortly after, in 1808, these Begin then to chuse,

chiefs bound themselves, by a solemn This night as ye use,

From Buchanan's View of Religious engagement, so discontinue the pracWho shall for the present delight here,

Prejudices in India.

tice. About the end of the year 1809, Be the King by the lot, And who shall not

many of the Jarejah fathers brought Be Twelfe-day Queene for the night here.

AMONG the Hindoos (a people by their infant daughters to Col. Walker's

no means ferocious, but rather of mild tent, and exhibited them with pride and Which knowne, let us make

and inoffensive habits) á shocking prac- fondness, their mothers and nurses also Joy-sops with the cake;

tice has prevailed during time immemo attending on this interesting occasion. And let not a man then be seen here,

rial, of murdering their semale infants, as The emotions of nature here exhibited, Who unwig'd will not drinke To the base from the brink

soon as they come into the world. The were extremely moving; the mothers A health to the King and Queene here. number of females thus sacrificed, ac- placed their infants in the hands of

cording to Buchanan, in the provinces Colonel Walker, calling on him to proNext crowne the bowle full

of Cutch and Gazera, alone, was cal- tect what he alone had taught them to With gentle lambs-wooll;

culated in 1807, at the lowest, to a preserve. These infants they emphatiAdde sugar, nutmegs, and ginger, With store of ale too;

mount to 3000 annually. The mother cally called his children. A Jarejah And thus we must doe

is generally the executioner, except chief, by name Huttajee, who had, conTo make the Wassaile a wincer.

among women of rank, whose slaves or trary to general practice, preserved his

attendants perform the horrid office. daughters, brought them to the British Give then to the King Anl Queen wassailing;

Several methods are practised, one of camp to be vaccinated. They were And though with all ye be whet here,

which is, immediately after the birth then six or eight years of age, but they Yet part ye from hence,

of a female, they put some opium into wore turbans, and were habited like And free from offence,

its mouth. The destruction of so ten boys, to avoid the taunts and reproaches As when ye innocent met here.

der and helpless a subject, is effected of the people !--Asif afraid or ashamed Herrick's Hesperides.

without difficulty or without struggle. to acknowledge their sex, they assured

In defence of this inhuman act, these the English," that they were not girls," But chief, around his table, Twelfth day drew tribes allege, that the education of and with infinite simplicity appealed to The neighbours of the knight, a social tew. Nor sooner, as its chill and transient close,

daughters is expensive—that it is diffi- their father to corrobate their assertion. Ilad evening ting'd a weary waste of snows,

cult to procure a suitable settlement of -So strong have been the prejudices, Than from the great plum cake, whose charms them in marriage; and the preservation and so great the mental debasement of entice

of female honour is a charge of solicitude this people, that if, by any means, a feFach melting mouth, was dealt the luscious slice; to a family, and that when they want male infant escaped a few years, she As all the painted tapers in array Flung round the jovial room a minic day,

wives, it is more convenient to buy them, has been contemplated as a reproach to To make to wonted sports the fancy wild,

or solicit them from another cast, than to her cast. Another practice of barbaWhere e'en the grey-beard re-assun'd the child. breed them themselves. This atrocity rity, founded on the darkest superstiYes! all-the gay, the serious, prompt to share was brought to light by the benevolent 'tion, is also noticed, that of sacrificing

February 7, 1818.)
Penal Larus against Dissenlers-Perfectability of Man,

223 children in consequence of vows, or to

In 1673, a bill was brought in to dis. / and expansion. The public mind can appease the wrath of their deities by tinguish between Protestants and Ca. bear but one crop at a time, and the drowning them in the river Ganges ! or tholics, but was lost by the prorogation production best suited to the season exposing them to sharks, crocodiles, &c. of parliament. In 1678-9, a test was and immediate state of the soil springs -İn China and some other parts, in provided, which admitted Protestant up spontaneously from seeds long before fanticide is countenanced by the Go- dissenters into parliament, but excluded deposited on the surface. vernment, on principles of wretched Catholics. Next year the same bill was We are led to make these reflections policy, to avoid the horrors of famine. lost by the same means.

Two other by meeting with an anticipation of a very bills of the same pature were lost by the remarkable modern opinion. The docsame means in 1680.

trine of the perfectability of human so. Sketch of the Penal Laws against the

The high authority of King William ciety, as supported by Godwin, ConDissenters.

was unsuccessfully employed to procure dorcet, and other writers of the same The first law by which any person a repeal of the Corporation and Test school, in a political author of the last was bound to receive the sacrament ac acts.

century, in whose peaceful pages it has cording to the rites of the Anglican In 1711 an act passed requiring all lain till now, unnoticed. The passage church, is that of the 3d James I. ch. 4. persons who should accept of offices, in which it is found, is contained in a This was only intended against Papists; not only to take the sacrament of the tract by Sir William Petty, entitled, for Protestant dissenters did not then Lord's Supper, but to conform strictly “ Verbum Sapienti,” where the author, separate themselves from the established to the worship of the church of Eng. after showing how much the nation church, but occasionally conformed to land during all the time they held them. might be enriched by a small addition her ritual. Bishop Stilling fleet dates In 1718 this act was repealed. to the industry of the labouring class, the separation of the dissenters from In 1735 a motion was made in the proceeds to ask himself the question, the church, only from the time of House of Commons for the repeal of · When should we rest from this great Charles II's declaration of indulgence, the Tests, and was lost by 251 to 123. industry ?” To which he answers, issued 1691-2, when they began to build In 1739, on the same motion being “ When we have certainly more money meeting-houses for themselves. The renewed, the numbers were 188 to 89. than any of our neighbour's states, king's indulgence was granted to pro. In 1787, the majority against the dis- (though never so little) both in arithtect the Roman Catholics ; but when senters was 78 ; in 1789, only 20; but metical and geometrical proportion, i.e. parliament met, it opposed the tolerant in 1790 they were repulsed by a great when we have more years provision aspirit of Charles, and tacked to the bill majority, and since that period no stir forehand, and more present effects.” of supplies the existing Test act. In has been made by the Protestants to “ What then, (he again enquires) the parliament were many dissenters; recover their former privileges. shall we busy ourselves about ?" I anbut their antipathy to Popery was so

swer, in ratiocinations upon the works strong, that they consented to suspend

and will of God, to be supported not their own rights, in order to prevent any Origin of the Doctrine of the Perfecta- only by the indolency, but also by the restoration of the papal power.

bility of Man.

pleasure of the body; and not only by The Test act provides, that every There is no species of research more the tranquillity, but serenity of the mind; person who shall take any office, civil

, amusing, or indeed more instructive, and this exercise is the natural end of or military, or shall receive any salary, than to trace the origin and progress of man in this world, and that which best pay, fee, or wages, by reason of any those great leading ideas which succes, disposeth him for his spiritual happiness patent of his majesty, or shall be ad- sively engage the attention of mankind in that which is to come. The motions mitted into the family of his majesty, at different periods, and pass from à of the mind being the quickest of all shall receive the sacrament of the Lord's merely speculative existence, to a state others, afford most variety, wherein is Supper after the manner of the church of practical influence on the concerns the very form and being of pleasure; of England, within three months after of life. The usual effect of this exer- and by how much the more we have of their admittance into the said office. cise is greatly to diminish the sense of this pleasure, by so much the more we

Any person convicted of offending novelty in regard to opinions, and al- are capable of it, even ad infinitum.". against this act, is disabled from ever most to produce a conviction that there To those who have read the “ Politi. after suing in any court-from becom- is no such thing as pure invention, either cal Justice,” it is unnecessary to point ing guardian, executor, or administra- in art or science. “We find so many in- out the close affinity which this quotator-from profiting by any legacy or stances of what are called new doctrines tion bears to the fundamental proposi. deed of gift, or from bearing any office distinctly stated by old writers, that we tions of that work; but it must be al. within England or Wales—and in addi- are apt at last to call in question the best lowed, that Mr Godwin greatly outdoes tion to these incapacities, is to forfeit founded claims to the merit of discovery. Sir William in the length to which he L.500. Non-commissioned officers in The fact seems to be, that the germs of carries his principle, as he conceives the navy, petty constables, overseers of all kinds of ideas are at all times to be that one half hour's labour in the day, the poor, and such like small offices, found in the human mind, if not indi- faithfully performed by each individual, are exempted from the operation of the vidually, at least collectively, much in would suffice for the supply of all our bill.

the same way as the seeds of vegetable bodily wants, and consequently leaves After this act came the act of Uni- and animal life exist invisibly in the us more ample leisure for intellectual formity, which compelled two thousand atmosphere; and that only a favour- occupation and enjoyment. To make ministers, who could not comply with able conjunction of circumstances is any remark on the absurdity of a whole the tests it required, to quit their livings. I wanted to call

them forth into vigour nation retiring from the world, either to

224
Perfectability of Man-Case of Harriet Sadler.

[ February 7. 1818. religious or philosophical contempla. Curran and Phillips, and the eloquence) ever most becomingly employed. Untion, is happily now superfluous, al. of the Irish bar, the following speech, der another aspect, and it appears to though but a few years have elapsed which was some time ago delivered by have been that in which the defendant since it was necessary to treat it as a Counsellor North, in the Court of Com- beheld her, she was yet more profoundserious question. In the age of Sir mon Pleas, Dublin, will be read with ly interesting. Arrived at that critical William Petty, the speculation seems to great interest, not less on account of the season of life, when a young woman have been equally harmless, as it does sulject, than from the strength and holds forth to the spoiler the double not appear that any attention was paid feeling displayed by the speaker in his temptation of her beauty and her weak to it by his contemporaries, or by him- eloquent address.

ness ; when she is most inviting and self in his subsequent writings.

The action was brought by a Mrs most unprotected; when the fearless, It is a much more pleasant task, how. Plowman, to recover compensation from unsuspecting heart gives a ready ad ever, to follow the progress of truth “ a veteran in vice," of the name of mission of affection and regard, ere it than of error, and when a new and im- Watson, for the maintenance of a young has learned the difficult lesson of disportant principle has been discovered, woman, Harriet Sadler, whom he had trust, and, judging from its own inno.. to look back, and observe the brilliant clandestinely married, and afterwards cence, is all incredulous of iniquity, light which it throws round it, illumin. deserted.

surrendered with a youthful, yielding ating the obscure places of science, and “ The plaintiff in this action is a wi- ardour, to every fine enchantment, and making that plain to the meanest which dow lady of advanced years ; of that folded in the golden tresses of each once perplexed the most exalted under- middle station of life, which, upon the lovely hope ! This beautiful and affectstandings. In regard to the science of confines of both conditions, while it is ing scene of domestic happiness seems political economy, to which the fanci- not entirely exempted from those ruder not to have been lost on the defendant. ful notion abovementioned properly be wants that assail the lowest orders of He appears to have had a full taste and longs, one of those dark corners cer- the community, is also keenly suscepti- relish for all the various prospects it aftainly was all that concerns the doctrine ble of those profounder injuries, that, forded,—it happy views of felicity in of population, before the appearance of in the upper walks of society, are sus- every gradation of human existence! Mr Malthus's work; and it affords a cu. tained by highly cultivated affections He saw and admired, as Satan admir. rious instance of the disposition before and a refined sensibility. In the year ed our first parents in paradise-he mentioned, that the originality of that 1805, this respectable woman resided congratulated' himself on the discovery author's views has been denied by some in the Crescent, on the Clontarf road, he had made of a singular instance of of his opponents, upon the ground of and, for the purpose of increasing the sublunary enjoyment! A grandmother, the various scattered hints on the sub- resources of her narrow income, resort- a mother, and a daughter, mingling in ject which are to be met with in pre- ed to the expedient of letting lodgings. their race and happy union all the sourceding writers.

Her daughter lived within a few doors ces of tenderness and regard, indulging To men of philosophical habits, how of her in the same buildings-a widow, in the exercises of all the offices of kinever, the wonder is, how any thing ap- also the mother of a numerous family, dred love ; imparting to each other the proaching so nearly to a perfect disco happy till their acquaintance with the beams of kindly affection ; interchangvery could have been produced on a defendant. It was in the summer of ing, communicating, multiplying, the subject relating so immediately to the the year 1805, that the defendant was effluxes of bliss ! He saw, and he confirst concerns of society; and, perhaps, received into the house of the plaintiff ceived the resolution of tearing asunin the whole compass of human know- in the capacity of a lodger ;-a gentle. der this fine tissue of love, and blasting ledge there is not such another instance man of more than 60 years of age, of in one common ruin the happiness of to be found. But the true criterion of considerable property,—it has been stat- three generations! With every member the degree of praise due to Mr Malthus, ed to be full L.1500 a-year,-a father, of this interesting family the defendant is to observe the manner in which the and I believe, too, a father of daugh- cultivated a close and intimate friend, ablest writers before his time treated ters. There was at this time in the ship. The reverence of the plaintiff he questions connected with that prin- plaintiff's family another inmate, to commanded by the repeated lessons of ciple, of which it is said they were in whom I must now introduce you, the piety, and he obtained her respect by such complete possession. Examined foremost figure in this pathetic picture the perpetual maxims of prudence that by this test, his merits will be found to the principal character in this melan- were ever flowing from his lips. These be of the first order; and they are the choly tragedy,-a young creature,—a lessons and these maxims he had but more remarkable on this account, that woman I can scarcely call her,-17 too frequent opportunities of inculcatthe subject on which he has displayed years of age, then Harriet Sadler, since ing on the mind of his young pupil. such high philosophical powers, is one Mrs Watson, the defendant's victim and This young housekeeper was in the haapparently little adapted to the genius his wife. At this period she presented bit of repairing to town three or four of the English nation, which has always to every well constituted mind an ob- times in the week, to purchase necesabounded in the shallow race of politi-ject of pleasing and benevolent interest, saries for the family. The defendant cal arithmeticians, but never before pro- growing up to womanhood in the shade found it convenient that his occasions duced a political economist.

E. and protection of her aged guardian, should call him there also. He gave

whom she relieved in the decline of life her what is called his protection on the

from the anxiety of household cares, by way, and availed himself of the advane Case of Miss Harriet Sadler.

the ready and diligent performance of tages this intercourse afforded. How a As a great deal of discussion has those small domestic duties, in which a man of his years contrived to recomlately taken place about Counsellors young person of her sex and station is mend himself to a young girl of seven

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