Imágenes de páginas

February 7, 1818.]
Fine Arts

235 Varin. Girardon, who himself took tion were placed above the inscriptions | tial darts with a mixed feeling of savage the dimensions of this statue, informs on the pedestal, which expressed the triumph and determined ferocity. The us, that the figure of the king was ten most ardent wishes for the prosperity sable garment which enfolds one arm, feét ten inches high, and that the horse of France. Finally on the 11th of Au- and the serpent which entwines the omeasured eleven feet four inches from gust, 1792, the statue of Henry IV. ther, are excellently conceived and exthe front of the head to the extreme fell with the throne of Louis XVI, and ecuted. The horse, although painted point of the tail. The ornaments of the cannon of alarm was planted on the in an unusual colour, is too substantial the pedestal were executed by Franche- spot where the image of the saviour of for its rider: there is nothing but the ville, first sculptor to the king, who Paris had been adorned for the space blue flame which he emits that marks it copied the designs of Civoli for the of two centuries.

as unearthly : there is a want of assimifigures at the four corners. The in

lation between him and his rider, which scriptions on this monument have been

Mr West's Picture of Death on the

we perceive with regret, but feel it difthe subject of much literary disquisi

Pale Horse.

ficult to express. The Rider on the tion. The queen first of all appointed

Red, who is moving in a direction with Father Cotton, a jesuit, to compose The artist has every claim to our es- him on the White Horse, does not apthem in French. But he died before timation : he is now of a patriarchal pear to us invested with those terrific this task was completed, and it accor- age, and claims from our younger and and martial qualities which belong to dingly devolved on Gilbert Gaulmin, less practised understandings deference him in the original. He is little more sieur of Montgeorget, intendant of the rather than censure. It is, however, a than an ancient warrior mounted on a Nivernais, and one of the most learned necessary, though unpleasing task, to modern charger. The Rider on the men of the age in which he lived. investigate with equal impartiality the Black Horse is finely placed, and alGaulmin was distinguished for an ex- productions of all artists ; and the em- though the head is a favourite one of cellent Latin ; but Charpentier, in his ployment of a critic is peculiarly re- the artist's, and may be traced in his owork on the Excellence of the French volting, when he is compelled to ban ther pictures, it is imposing and expresLanguage, accuses him of preferring ish from his recollection the private vir- sive. The principal episode is the conLatin to French, and of having laid tues and the venerable age of sueh a flict of men and beasts, and it has afthe ideas of several Latin authors un. man as West, in order to dwell on im- forded a fine scope for the vigorous and der contribution. Some historians perfections which are inseparably allied correct pencil of Mr West. The unhave erroneously attributed these in- to all human undertakings. The fact daunted courage of the man attacking scriptions to Benigne Millotel, advo- is, that although Mr West's power of the lion is uncommonly well exprescate-general to the parliament of Dijon. mind and pencil are preserved to him sed. The reviving action of the figure Twenty-one years were allotted for the in an unusual degree, yet it cannot be whose back is placed to the spectacompletion of this statute, which was said of him as of the prophet of old : tor is also excellent. Of the intronot entirely finished until the year 1635.“ His eye was not dim, nor his natural duction of the Saracenic army opposSince that period the equestrian statue force abated.We do not like this pic- ed by crusaders, &c. and the story of of Henry IV. has ever been an object ture as well as we do his last, nor do we the youth struck with lightening, we of veneration to the Parisians. At the admire that as much as many of his per- cannot much approve; the subject paintfoot of that monument the people have formances which preceded it, particu- ed is visionary, and we conceive that the always assembled to express their joy larly an early sketch of the present sub- principal action ought to be undisturbed: and their sorrows. The victory of De-ject, which has been the theme of uni- we here require some of that indistinctvain was celebrated on the same spot versal admiration. Parts of this pic-ness which the author of the description where tears were shed for the indispo- ture are extremely beautiful, but as a seems to consider inapplicable to paint. sition with which Louis XV. was at- whole we do not think it is entitled to ing, although of such important advantacked at Metz, and where acclama- much admiration. The principal figure tage in the sister art of poetry. It is tions of joy were afterwards raised for in the action is confessedly the Rider of in this particular that we so highly adthe battle of Fontenoy. By this kind the White Horse ; but instead of being mire the pictures of Mr Fuseli

, on suof worship, the French people proved foremost in the picture, he is obvious- pernatural or mystic subjects; his cantheir love for the family of the Bour-ly subordinate, and he appears rather vas is the faithful transcript of visionary bons ; but the same course was likewise making way for the advance of the King appearances. We suppose the mind on adopted by the instigators of the re- of Terrors, than preceding him in his such occasions to be so forcibly on the "volution ; at every seditious movement disastrous course. The expression of stretch as to be unable to observe any they led the populace to the Pont-Neuf, the head, too, of this figure does not, but the priocipal action, the remainder where they endeavoured to disguise to us, indicate those attributes which is involved in gloom, or if amid the their intentions by the respect they are so eloquently ascribed to it in the chaos any secondary form appears, it is affected to entertain for a king, the idol description before quoted. The prin- indefinite and faint. Of the family in of the French people. The statue of cipal and commanding figure is Death the front of the picture, the immediate Bearvais was not protected from re- ON. THE PALE HORSE ; and it is un- victims of the inexorable King of Tervolutionary outrages. After the 14th doubtedly the best. The sepulchral rors, we have not yet spoken, because of July, 1789, the forehead, which was and supernatural colour of the head is we would fain conclude in admiration. shaded by the plume of ivy, was pro- excellent : the livid lip seems yet howl. Nothing can be conceived more touchfaned by the cockade of rebellion. During the last sentence of a bitter curse : ing or more natural than the agony of ing the scandalous scenes of 1790 and the eye balls flash with fire, and the the husband deploring the beloved part1791, portraits of the apostles of sedi- grasped hands dispense their pestilen. ner of his joys, who, with her infant,

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[February 7, 1818. have just fallen beneath the fatal and tion, concluded his lecture by expressed of very general interest, we have no hesita desolating shafts of Death. The freshing his intention of publishing, at some

tion in pronouncing this statistical and historical colour of the daughter, who throws future period, a more full and minute view of Britain a model of perspicuous arrange

ment and judicious compression. It is divided herself across the lifeless trunk of her explanation of the principles he had into two parts. The first comprehends a rapid mother, is also admirably pourtrayed. thus slightly indicated."

sketch of the whole island, under the general The subordinate parts of the picture are

title Statistics; and, including the boundaries, finely painted. The dæmon grasping his

extent, &c. aspect, natural history, soil and evictim with one hand, and clenching


griculture, inhabitants, manufactures, &c. civil

and ecclesiastical constitution. The second part, with the other his impatient dagger, is

necessarily of much greater length, presents an a most vigorous and well imazined be


excellent abridgement of the civil history of the ing.--New M. Mag.

ENCYCLOPÆDIA Edinensis, or DicTIONARY kingdom, in three chapters; the first of which
OF ARTS, SCIENCES, &c. in six Volumes 4to.

treats of the history of England; the second of
by James Miller, M.D. fc. Vol. II. Part I. the history of Scotí nd; and the last of that of
Royal Academy.
Edinburgh. Hill and Co.

Britain. The whole of this treatise, it is suffi

In a short notice of this work in our first num- ciently obvious, is an original composition; for Mr W'est lately delivered a lecture ber, we expressed some apprehension that more no other work conta'ns so much within the same to the students of the Royal Academy, was held out in the prospectus than it seemed space. The history is brought down to the do of which the following account has ap- bility of compressing within six volumes what is suggest to the proprietors, whether a separate

We allude to the practica-parture of Bonaparte to St Helena. We would peared.

usually expected in a Dictionary of Arts, Scien- | publication of the treatise on Britain would not “ It consisted of observations on the ces, and Miscellaneous Literature. This esti be useful as a school-book. principles of colour, and on the appli- mate was formed, perhaps

, on a comparison with The Engravings accompanying this Part are cation of those principles to the art of similar publications of far, greater extent, with beautifully executed by Lizars. The Boring

out considering what might be omitted without Apparatus is of the most approved construction; painting. Mr West began by observo disadvantage to the general reader. But a closer of the three plates on Botany, two of them have ing, that light is the source of colour, examination and comparison of what has appear- much interest. One of them contains a fine and that the colours of the rainbow are ed of this Dictionary, with the corresponding groupe of the most elegant tribes of plants--- the to be considered as a rule for the dis parts of larger works of the same description, palms; and the other presents a view of the tribution of colours in a picture. In convince us of the incorrectness of our first views. Banyan tree, one of the most singular vegetable order more clearly to express his idea, Part now before us, which begins nearly with the venerable president exhibited a BREWING, and comes down as far as the bio- | CHEMICAL AMUSEMENTS, by Frederick Accum. painting which he had executed for the graphical sketch of Buchanan, including, with

Pp. 191. London, 1817. 7s.

As far as the author is concerned, he has sent occasion, containing the representation in these limits, a very comprehensive, and, it his book into the world under a misnomer; for it of two globes, one of which was co

may be added, a very satisfactory view of every ought to have been entitled Alchemical Amuse

thing relating to BRITAIN. lourless, and the other tinted with the

The treatise on Brewing is divided into two ments, since he makes a demand of seven sbilprismatic colours. On the former he parts. The first unfolds the principles of the lings from the pockets of the purchasers, and pointed out the existence of central art; and the second exhibits a general view of puts very little in its place. This remark refers, light, shade, and reflection, of which the practice. We have taken the trouble to first, to the quantity of the matter, which is at all natural objects partake, as they are compare this treatise with one on the same sub- the rate of about two pages for a penny; but it all in some degree round. By the se in the Supplement to the Encyclopædia Bri- is a mere compilation from his own system of cond, he explained how the colours of tannica; and if the practical brewer can carry chemistry, which, again, is itself a pretty correct the rainbow expressed the different de- with him into his malting and mashing proces- treatises, in which a detail of illustrative experigrees of light, half-tint, and reflection; that is, if he can weigh and measure the ulti- ments is given. But some of the experiments and showed how perfectly well the ar

mate particles of carbone, and hydrogen, and rangement of these colours was adapted oxygen, we recommend to him to study the lat- minating silver unattended with danger ? Or to the purposes of painting. Considered ter treatise, which may probably teach him to

will Mr Accum say, that the quantity of hyperin this light, he maintained that the become an excellent chemical brewer, yet, per- oxymuriate of potash, which he recommends in

some experiments, ought to be tried by an inexCartoons of Raphael are among the haps, he may not be able, by his refined procesfinest specimens of composition of co. is palatable to ordinary tastes. ses, to produce a single glass of small beer that

perienced chemist?

But if he wish ANECDOTES of the Life of RICHARD WATSON, lour, and referred particularly to the to be guided by the more palpable principles of Bishop of Landaff, written by himself at difCharge to Peter, Paul preaching at chemistry, we should certainly advise him to ferent intervals, and revised in 1814, 4to. Athens, and Elymas struck blind, as make himself acquainted with the treatise in the This work conveys a melancholy picture of proofs of that painter's attention to the smaller work. The principles are laid down much frailty, united with great ability;

is wholly with great perspicuity and conciseness, and, we revised, and perhaps chiefly written at the age of principles of colour, which he had here should think, would be highly useful to the pri- 75. It is lamentable to bhink, that the soundsaid down. Titian did not understand vate brewer.

ness of more vigorous years has not been exerthe true arrangement of colour until he Every other kind of fermented liquor is no cised in correcting the errors of garrulous servivisited Rome in an advanced period of ticed in this treatise; and we have little doubt lity. The mainspring of Dr Watson's actions, his life, and after Raphael had fixed it of home-made wines, will derive much advan- ) appears

, on his own shewing, to have been the that those who are engaged in the manufacture and the bar to his more prosperous fortunes, on unerring principles.

tage from perusing it, and following the direc most inordinate opinion of his own genius and • Mr West then reminded the stu- tions which are so distinctly detailed.

importance. This volume compels us to acknow. dents of the great advantages they pos BRITAIN occupies the larger portion of the ledge, that the highest gifts may be perverted by sessed in the Elgin marbles and the Part, and extends to about 120 pages; but with overweening egotism, and the blessings of nature Cartoons of Raphael ; and after ad- in these limits it includes a greater quantity of turned into barrenness by that single feebleness of

matter than any work with which we are ac humanity, which we imagine is strength, and call vising them to attend to the cultivation quainted; and, with he exception of some de- pride. Read, and learn that the strongest mind of their minds as much as to the attails relative to the early history of England, is not exempt from the most contemptible weaktainment of facility in manual execu- / which are surely too minute, and are not possess - nesses.



February 7. 1918.)
Literature New Publications.

297 SHAKESPEARE AND HIS TIMES. mas Tale,” has kept pretty near to the letter of Dauid his lust to optay .

his title : but we observe few strong delineations Made Vrye to be slayn. Under the title of " Shakespeare and his

of character, or poetical combinations, which "Times," DR DRAKE has favoured the public

Dauid by Nathan beynge re we should wish to remember. He is, however, less with two quarto volumes, every page of which obscure than in some other of his works which

p[re]ued. Peccaui sayd sore greued. contains some curious and entertaining matter we have had occasion to notice, although the Dauid promised to Bersarelative to our great dramatic poet; or to the sel poignant d'esprit seems, in a great measure, bee. Solomon to be Kyng of domestic history, manners, customs, and amuse- to have evaporated. This poem cannot add Judee. ments of the age in which he lived. The plan much to Mr Coleridge's fame. of the present work strongly reminded us of Mr

A singular whole length portrait of Queen EliGodwin's Life of Chaucer. Of Shakespeare's

zabeth, upon her knees, appears at page 114, copersonal or private history, very little more can The BibliogRAPHICAL DECAMERON, &c.; by pied from her Majesty's prayer book. It is not be collected from authentic sources than of Chau

the Rev. T. F. Dildin, 5 vols. 8vo. unlike lier coin. Third Day en braces engravcer's ; yet both Dr Drake and Mr Godwin have contrived, by skilful research and judicious asso

This book, which has been long anxiously look- books of chiromancy and physiognomy, bibles,

ed ornaments of printed books, block books, ciations, to render the biography of their respec- cd for by the lovers of letters is more curious than ancient classics, German publications,

romances, tive poet the appropriate medium of an instruc- entertaining, though the author las done much to works of grotesque character, Italian classics tive and interesting view of the times in which give variety and humour to what was dry in his and novels, &c. &c.; and is replete with amusterials, however, the two writers have adopted discourse upon illuminated manuscripts, and sub. Fourth Day is one of the most generally intedifferent plans. Mr Godwin presents us with an jects connected with early engraving, typogra- resting of the whole; it is confined to the origin unbroken narration, mahing Chaucer an actor, phy, and bibliography. The interlocutors are and carly progress of printing. The story of Gureal or supposed, in all the scenes which he de- Lysander, Lisardo, Belinda, Almanza, Philemon, scribes ; thus mingling, in some instances, a sport and Lorenzo. During the first three days, Phi- tenberg, l'ust, and Schoifer, difiers in some reof the imagination with his description of the lemon is the chief speaker, and devotes his in- Universelle, and both secm involved in obscurireal picture of the age,- a poetical licence, for quiries to the history of “ illuminated manuwhich he has been censured by some critics, as scripts, of printed books of devotion, and of ty on certain points, which we imagine will neincompatible with the duties of the biographer. works ornamented with engravings

, from the concludes the first volume, has only one print.

ver now be elucidated. This chapter, which placing the biographical and descriptive parts of latter end of the sixteenth century:"---- the three Fifth Day continues the same subject, the prohis work in separate compartments; and he has following days are occupied by Lysander, with gress of printing in Germany; its rise and prodivided the life of Shakespeare into three parts "some account of the origin and early progress gress in France and the Low countries ; also at or periods, which le entitles - Shakespeare in of printing on tie continent, bringing the sub- Venice, the Aldine press and other celebrated Stratford, Shakespeare in London, and Shakeject down to the same period with which Phi- presses in Italy. There are also portraits of prinspeare in Retirement ; each period being form- lomen concluded, and illustrating it with the ters, and an account of the introduction of titleed into a concise narration. After the first part devices, &c. of printers :"---the next three are decorated with cuts. Much of it, however, is

pages. This is a valuable chapter, and richly of the biography, which is comprised in sixty- Lisardo's, who gives " some account of real and taken up with the devices of printers, (we mean seven pages, we are presented with what the imaginary portraits of printers, of decorative their distinguishing marks :) which is rather dry author terms, “ A survey of country life and man- printing, of book binding, ancient and modern, ners

, its customs, diversions, and superstitions, as and of book sales by auction : --- the last day is reading., Sixth Day, the same subject contithey existed in the age of Shakespeare,” and this devoted to literary bibliography, under the pre- Louvain. This is also richly embellished.. Seportion of the work occupies three himdred and sidency of Lysander: Such is the general cont venth Day includes decorative printing, 'titlethirty-three pages. The second narrative, name- line of this publication, which in the rest of its ly, Shakespeare's introduction to the metropolis frame-work also keeps the model of Boccacio in pages, capital initials, wood-cut portraits of emiand to the stage, fills scarcely twenty pages; view. We shall now glance over the ten days and modern printing ; paper and vellum ; mo

nent characters, comparison between ancient the remaining three hundred of the first volume, seriatim. First Day, we have an account of and six hundred of the second, being devoted to the most ancient manuscripts written in capital all the pretended portraits of Caxton, Wynkin

dern English printers of note. It is shewn that a picture of London, as it was in the days of the letters. A brief view of the progress of the de Worde, and Pynson, our earliest typographers, great bard, comprising every object that can be arts of design and composition, in illuminatsupposed to interest and gratify the taste of the ed MSS. from the 5th to the 16th century in- are forgeries, and that those of Grafton and poetical antiquary, or the enquirer after the clusively. This chapter is full of curious research John Day may be esteemed the earliest authenmanners and customs of our ancestors; and a- and information. The notes, which are copious Messrs Bulmer, Bensley, and Nicols

, follow.

tic likevesses of English printers. Portraits of bounding with beauties and curiosities of litera- throughout all the volumes, in this part furnish a There is a striking specimen of Mr John Whitture, that will irresistibly

strike even the general more distinct and comprehensive bistory of the taker's printing in gold at page 417, and Magua reader. The third part of the biography affords drawing and composition of the earlier and middle Charta has been produced in this splendid style. matter for about thirty pages, and concludes the ages, than any work with which we are acquainted. As this piece is unique, and the mode is a sework. From this slight glance at the contents of Some of the ornaments are exquisitely beautiful and this highly interesting, and we must add highly others remarkably grotesque. Second Day treats cret, we shall transcribe the description of valuable, production, it will appear, that, as a of ancientmissals and breviaries: the Roman, Am- Magna Charta in letters of gold. Biography of Shakespeare, in the strict sense of brosian, Mosarbic, and Vallambrosa, rituals ;--or-sists of 12 leaves, of what may be called broad

“ This sumptuous and extraordinary work conthe word, little novelty, in fact or conjecture, naments of printed books of devotion: the dance of must be expected. If, however, we have not the death; allegorical, pastoral, grotesque, and do royal folio; having the text of that famous Char

ter printed in Gothic letters, of gold, upon their gratification of saying we know more of Shake mestic subjects of decoration ;---of the most disspeare than we did before the appearance of Dr tinguished printers of missals, &c. and advice to respective rectos. The limits of the text itself are

seven inches and five eighths, by five and two Drake's volumes, we should be ungrateful, in- young collectors. The ornaments here are not deed, to the erudite and elegant author, if we so fine, but equally strange and worthy

atten- çigłaths; and this text is printed either upon thick were not to acknowledge that we know him tian. The coarsest representation of many an

drawing paper, or vellum, or satin ; each of the better. The leisure of thirty years, devoted to such cient customs cannot be contemplated without 'wo latter sometimes varied by a ground of pura study, by so competent an engineer, has not been deep interest. To enliven our notice, we may of blazoning. The work is dedicated to the spent in vain. The result of his labours in the vo- venture to extract some specimens of early Eng-Prince Regent, and the arnis of King John, and lumes before us is a literary treasure, for the be- lish poetry, as written in Latin books of devor those of his Royal Highness, usually precede, in Defit of tuture ages, to which many an unborn tion imported from the continent. In one of the illuminated copies, the first page of the text.” adınirer of Shakespeare will resort with feelings these, a volume of Horæ, printed by Regnault

, These copies are further declared to be incanof gratitude to the founder in 1536, there is a set of prints illustrating, a

ceivably splendid in their general appearances, mong others, the following distiches :

and in the felicity of their execution where scrolls ZAPOYLA, A CHRISTMAS TALE. Dauid was enamoured of Bersa

or arms are added ---- Eighth Day: We have Mr COLERIDGE, in his “ Zapoyla, a Christ bee. In the Bath whan he her se. here book-binding, ancient and modern, with me

Literature-New Publications.

[February 7. 1818. ny anecdotes, and some examples of the subjects England at the time of the massacre, goes to tionary character and honourable motives of Sir chosen to adorn outsides. This concludes the se- Winchester school. Endowed with a propensity Robert need no elucidation; and however reprecond volume.---Ninth Day. Characters of de- ton common to Mr Godwin's heroes, he here forms hensible his conduct may be in aiding the light ceased and living book auction-loving Biblioma- a friendship with a worthless rascal named Wal- of Lavalette, still we cannot join in any interniacs, and details of book-sales since 1811. This ler, and conceives a rooted hatred for a noble fel- ence whereby bis general churacter is impeachcd. part is enriched with some modern portraits, and low named Clifford. Waller, by his villainy, Sir Robert's great aim is to shew, that the decontains the annals of the far-famed Roxburghe brings him into disgrace as a roundhead, and he struction of the French power, so long considerclub.--- Tenth Day is a brief view of Bibliogra- leaves school in paroxysms of phrenzy. Oxford ed the natural enemy of Great Britain, and the phical literature in Italy, France, and Germany, is his next scene, which he quits in the hope of great obstacle to European independence, has and a supplementary account of booksellers, li- wiping out the suspicions attached to him, by been attended with the effect of establishing anbraries, book-collectors, and private presses in joining a rising against Cromwell, as private se- other more dangerous and more formidable. The England. It appears the trustees of the British cretary to king Charles's commander. In this de- conclusion of the late war was certainly expectMuseum have already got the length of 5 vols. sign, however, he is bafled; Clifford having been ed to produce those consequences so much desir8vo. in the alphabetical catalogue of their print- previously appointed to that office. He flies in ed, and the treaty of Vienna to insure mutual aded hooks, and that the University of Oxford is rage and disgust, and the insurgents are soon af- vantages to the parties concerned. But when busily engaged with a catalogue in folio of the ter defeated, and many of them exccuted. Mal. one nation obtains so great a supremacy as Rusprinted books in the Bodleian Library. The first lison, another of his Winchester school-fellows, sia at present possesses, it would be madness to book-auction which took place was by Samuel circulates this affair with malignant misrepresen- place firm reliance on any such conventions. Ar Baker, in January 1744, in the great room over tations, and he finds himself scouted at Oxford as increase of power only tends to heighten the deExeter Change. Having brought our very brief he had before been at Winton. Another fit of sire of completing the work of conquest; and no analysis of this remarkable production to a close, raving insanity follows, and it takes a few months sooner are the means perceived of consummating we shall add little in the way of general remark. in a strait-waistcoai under the wholesome discip- such conquest, than the stability of a treaty is The letter-press is admirably executed from Bul- line of a mad-house, together with the affection- rendered null, doubtful, and uncertain. The inmer's Shakspeare press, and the work does ho- ate attentions of his sister, to restore him to rea- fluence which Russia holds throughout continennour to the present state of British typography. son. His only friend at Oxford, is a misanthrope, tal Europe, needs little illustration. From her The multitude of prints are excellently finished, sui generis; and the chief delight of these ingenious proximity to Germany, it is almost impossible to and, like the prince of Palagonia's palace, which youths, we are told, was either to sit sulking together allay her interference with that country; thereGoethe describes in his last work, they present without exchanging a word, or else to pour forth fore the necessity rests in repressing its adrance. the likeness of more monsters than ever the he-execrations by the hour! This estimable gentle. The respective situations, and immense natural rald's college imagined. Still they offer many man, of course, felt nothing but joy in the mis- resources of Austria and France, and more parfine studies for design, and neither the artist, the fortune of his amiable coadjutor Mandeville. The ticularly their endeavours to obtain a sway over manufacturer, nor the mechanic of taste or geni- scene shifts again to the uncle, over whom, in the Germanic politics, have formed these countries us could turn over these leaves in vain. What absence of his nephew, a scoundrel attorney, one the mutual enemies of each other. It is on this we most dislike is the facetiousness of the author. Holloway, gains a coniplete ascendancy by mak- ground, that a coalition of Austria with her norIt does not seem to us to be of the right breed; ing a noise below his windows. To get rid of this themn neighbour, may cause Germany to share the and if not a sort of conventional slang to be re- annoyance, which robs him of his darling quiet, fate of dismembered Poland. But setting aside lished by Bibliomaniacs, is likely to be consider-Audley takes the vagabond to his bosom ; but, such a conjecture, from the territorial extent of ed as rather low and trifling. But a man is not disgusted by the perception of his infamy, he re- Russia, the advantages of her situation, and the compelled to be both a good Bibliomanic and a fuses to make him his heir, and only leaves him possession of a well organised army, she has now good buffoon.

30,0001. and the guardianship of his nephew and become the most formidable empire in Europe. MANDEVILLE.

niece, with extravagant powers. Having con- Situated as Prussia and the minor states of GerOf Mr Godwin's Mandeville, it would be cluded this wise job, he dies; and Charles and many are, defence is impracticable, unless aided difficult to speak in terms of general praise. The the attorney, whose character the former is re- with the assistance and countenance of Austria. style is good, and there is a just discrimination of presented as fully understanding, have a grand The slavery which burthened these nation during principles; but, as a whole, it is of a more som- fracas, which, after many silly windings, ends in the arbitrary reign of Bonaparte, has only augbre cast even than some of his former novels, the latter acquiring as great an ascendancy over mented their love of liberty; while the miseries while it does not possess the interest arising from the legatee as he had over his relative. The arts then entailed upon the people serve to increase their incidents and moral effect. There are, how- by which he manages this matter, and steals over the desire of averting their return. Yet, whatever, some rcaders who prefer winter to summer, the mind of his abhorring and open-eyed ward, ever arrangements are urged for the preservation: and night to day; and, to persons of that taste, required tedious details, and the author has not of European independence, all attempts will be this novel will afford a delectable treat. The abated them one paragraph. Holloway's scheme finally baffled, unless France, the natural mistress story relates to a person named Charles Mande- is to drive Mr Mandeville quite mad, marry Miss of the continent, shall emerge from its present Fille, born in 1658, whose father, an officer in the Mandeviile to bis own nephew, the Mallison a inferiority. garrison of Charlemont, under Lord Caulfield, is, foresaid, and so get possession of the estates of The distance of Spain from the heart of Eutogether with his mother, murdered by O'Neill the house of Mandeville. He prosecutes this plan rope, and the insufficiency of her resources, renand the Irish rebels. The child is miraculously by means that would have had no effect but up. der that country no longer an obstacle to the saved by an intrepid Hibernian nurse, called Ju-on such a genius as our hero; but the sister hav- conquests of ambition. She, whose course of pody, who bears bim to Dublin, where he is harsh ing formed an attachment with Clifford, is not so licy was formerly observed with a jealous eye, ly taken from her by a Puritan clergyman, Hil- easily imposed upon. A law-suit is instituted and whose alliance was hailed as success, has, kiah Bradford, and brought to England Here by her friends, for the dismissal of Holloway, by the irretrievable losses of a long war, and the he is adopted by his uncle, Audley Mandeville, Spending which she weds her accomplished lover. imbecility of a superstitious government, lost all the last heir of that ricli family, and educated by Her brother, driven wild by the idea of this influence in retaining the peace of Europe. Hilkiah, in a wild residence surrounded by sea match, without his being consulted, makes a Here, then, it is obvious, that France, from her and wastes. Hilkiah is a strange compound be- night attempt to carry his sister off, but is foiled well-known national strength, the compactness tween the milk of human kindness and the most by Cliffbrd, who gives him a slash across the face of her territory, and high military capacity, is of biyotted intolerance; the uncle a stranger, be with his sabre, and so---the novel ends. We re-consummate importance in establishing a strict. tween an elegantly cultivated mind and a most gret that Mr Godwin should waste those talents balance of power, and consequently in checking imbecile understanding. Deceived in early love, in attempting works of fancy, which are so splen- the aggrandisement of Russia. he lives recluse and unsocial, the prey to a sort did when employed in compositions of history and It was only in the sixteenth century that Rusof lethargic passiveness and inaction, which the morals.

sia began to attract the attention of Europe, author has all the merit of having conceived, and POWER AND POLICY OF RUSSIA since which she has gradually emerged from a dwelt upon at great length in many chapters. In The work before us, now acknowledged to be state of ignorance and barbarism. Although the short, the picture of these oddities occupies near the production of Sir Robert Wilson, has produ- increase of Russia's power, at the expence of ly the whole of the first volume. It is repeated ced a more than ordinary interest in the political Turkey, was long perceptible, its effects were neover and over again, and turned so many ways as world. Although we frequently differ with our ver considered until the dismemberment of Poto become at last a strong skip-provoking drug author in respect to his public principles, yet our land. Her wide-extended doininions had led Hilkiah, however, dies, and his pupil, after visit- readers will find many facts in this gentleman's many to expect a division of the empire; but the ing a sister younger than himself who was in observations worthy of attention. The discre- time, we are afraid, bas long past by. She is




February 17. 1818.]
Literature New Publications.

239 rendered so formidable in Europe by recent addi Thus has the population of Russia more than be unavailing; for the defence of Gallicia would tions of territory and population, that a disjunc- doubled during the last century; whilst Smith be equally impracticable by Austria. The intion of this great empire no longer remains pro- and others have averaged that civilized coun- habitants of this province, whose allegiance is bable. The strength of Russia is entirely con- tries only double their population once in five rather equivocal, are separate from their defencentrated in Europe. Her Asiatic dominions hundred years.

ders by the Carpathian mountains, while betwixt are very extensive, but, at the greates'. calcula Sir Robert, speaking of the acquisitions of them and the folish dominions of Russia there is tion, do not contain five millions of population : Alexander's predecessors, which were enormous, neither separation by natural barriers nor man. eonsequently more than forty millions are left to says, “ they had not yet completed the line of ners and customs. guard her European relations. By incorporating frontier which the acquisition themselves requir

(7 her strength in Europe, she is rendered massail. ed for their preservation." able in those parts where attack was usually “ The guns of the Swedes could be heard in dreaded. She now feels no cause to fear the Petersburgh; the Poles of Warsaw were suspi The History and Antiquities of the Cathedral threats of Sweden; and Prussia, or Austria, cious neighbours, and the Poles of Russia doubt- of Winchester, by J. Britton, F.S.A. with thirty single-handed, dare not hazard the consequences ful friends: The Turks in Asia were still inclin- engravings: comprising an original investigaof an attack, while France is at present unable ed to struggle for the recovery of the Crimea, tion into the early establishment of Christianity to defend herself. Here, then, we behold a na- from which they were not a stone's throw; the in the south-western part of the island, that is, tion, which, a century ago, was divested of the Turks in Europe still occupied Bessarabia, and among the West Saxons, an essay on the origilaws that bind society, rising from a state of bar- held the Russians in check on the Dniester. A- nal and architectural styles of the present cathebarism and darkness, to the highest pitch of do- land covered the Swedish coast from insult, or dral, and a description of that edifice; an account minion and civilization :---we behold a nation, sudden invasion, when the gulf of Bothnia might of its various and splendid momiments; biograwhose vastness of resources, when properly ap- be frozen; and Sweaborg commanded the navi-pbical anecdotes of the bishops, &c. with anple plied and cultivated, bids defiance to the most gation of the mouth of the gulf of Finland.” graphic illustrations of the architecture and sculppotent states, and whose refinement of govern

But we shall find that Russia has become in- ture of the church; the latter chietly engraved ment, and increasing mildness of laws, daily add vulnerable where dangers formerly diverted her by J. and H. Le Keux, from drawings by Edward to her internal strength. The people are, in fact, force and attention ; for she not only possesses Blore. rising from the shackles and chains of slavery; the most flourishing of the Swedish provinces, No. I. of Hlustrations of York Cathedral, with while the sweets of European liberty, and the but also the ports of " Abo and Sweaborg, which six engravings by the two Le Keux's, Scott, &. blessing of extended commerce are concentrat- was the great naval establishment of the Swedes from drawings by Mackenzie and Blore; by J. ing in the wilds of Siberia. Many of our notions on the coast of Finland, and all the numerous Britton, F.S.A. may be considered as themes of illusion or need islands which cluster between Aland and the less declamation, and if this be the case, at least, main land, and which are inhabited by a rich Philosophy of Arithmetic: exhibiting a prowe have the consolation,—so much the better and happy population.” But when we are told gressive View of the Theory and Practice of Calfor mankind. But we shall ever hold the opi- that Aland is distant from the shore of Sweden culation, with an enlarged table of the products uion, that if Alexander is once suffered to inter-only twenty-four miles, and from the capital it- of numbers under one hundred; by J. Leslie, rupt the pursuits of peace, and no immediate ex- self not more than eighty, we shall find sufficient F.R.S.E. ertions made to restrain bim, our calamities will evidence to agree with Sir Robert, that “ Rusprove inevitable when we cannot avert them. sia bas completely changed her relative position Memoirs of the Legal, Literary, and Political

We shall now shortly detail Sir Robert Wil- with Sweden.” And whether or not the policy Life of the late Right Hon. J. P. Curran ; by son's summary of the rapid progress of this mo- of Russia may incline hereafter to the final an. Wm. O'Regan, Esq. barrister. 8vo, 10s.6d. dern empire; the extent of her almost bound- nihilation of the Swedish nation, she has nothing

Biographical Conversations on the most Emi. less dominions, and the evident tendency of her to fear from that quarter, while Stockholm is left nent and Instructive British Characters, for the ambition towards universal dominion, that every exposed to the attacks of an enemy.

use of young persons : by the Rev. Wm. Bingley, year increases her enormous power, while it di " On the Niemen, the frontier remains in sta- M.A. F.L.S. minishes the tranquillity of Europe. Every ju- tu quo for about one hundred miles; when it A Biographical Memoir of the Princess Chardicious mind will perceive the fatal effects which traverses the Memel or Niemen river, and, run- lotte's Public and Private Life ; with an engravthe future increase of Russia must have on the ning along East Prussia, strikes theV istula neared likeness, a view of Claremont, and a fac simile politics of other nations, and the melancholy sa. Thorn, from whence Dantzic is distant about of an original letter. 8vo. 12s. crifices to which Europe is endangered. We seventy miles, and Berlin only one hundred and shall be very brief in our extracts, introducing seventy.

New Way to pay old Debts, with a Portrait such remarks as occasion requires; and in giving “ The line then crosses the Vistula and ad- of Mr Kean as Sir Giles Overreach; forming this sketch of the Russian empire, as it now vances to Kalish, a point nearly equidistant from Part I. of a New English Drama, edited by Mr stands, we shall leave our readers to consider the Dresden and Berlin ; thence taking a southern Oxberry, of the Theatre Royal Drury-lane. q.uestion proposed, viz.“ How far any combina- direction, and passing within thirty miles of the Is. t'on of France, England, and Austria, can con- Oder, it bends in an eastern course along the A History of the Theatres of London: conPoul the policy Russia may be disposed to pur- district of Cracow, which it respects; but at this taining an Annual Register of new pieces, revia

point its distance from a third capital, Vienna, is vals, pantomimes, &c. with occasional notes and The population of Russia in 1722, the year af- again only one hundred and seventy miles." anecdotes; being a continuation of Victor's and ter Peter declared himself emperor of all the (P. 137.)

Oulton's Histories, from the year 1795 to 1817 Russias, was only fourteen millions; and from Here, we may observe, that the facility of inclusive; by W. C. Oulton. " 3 vols. the year 1729 to 1762, although six sovereigns crushing the independence of Prussia is but too had swayed the crown, “ still she had not taken evident; and while we regret this circumstance, Remarks on a Course of Education, designed her station as a great European power.” From we capnot but mark, that the destruction of Po- to prepare the Youthful Mind for a career of Ho. the accession of Catherine the Second to 1796, lish independence, in which both Austria and nour, Patriotism, and Philanthropy; by T. Myers, during a reign of thirty-three years, the number Prussia concurred, has had the result of increas- A. M. Is. 6d. was augmented by acquisition and natural in- ing the power of Russia, and endangering the Intellectual Patrimony, or a Father's Instruca crease from twenty-two to thirty-six millions ; in safety of Europe. And even the territory which tions ; by J. Gilchrist. this computation is reckoned seven millions of fell to the share of Prussia by the partition trea An Introduction to the Study of the German Poles, commencing from the confederation at ties, has since been added to the Russian fron-Grammar. with practical exercises; by P. E. Bar, and concluding with the capture of Prague tier.

Laurent. 12mo. 58. in 1795. Alexander commenced his reign in the Sir Robert says: “ Notwithstanding the pos A Summary Method of Teaching Children to year 1800, over thirty-six millions of people; and session of the fortresses of Dantzic, Grandents, Read, upon the Principle discovered by the Sieur in 1808, according to the St Petersburgh alma- and Colberg, Prussia can never attempt to de- Berthaud ; illustrated with plates; by Mrs Wilnack, the population was forty-two millions. If fend any territory north of the Oder ******** liams. 12mo. 96.--- royal 12mo. 12s. to this we add a territory of 193,800 geographi- since Russia, without any extraordinary exertion, Self Cultivation, or Hints to a Youth leaving cal square milos, acquired since 1808, and equal, could bring 120,000 cavalry (regular and irregu- School; by Isqaq Taylor. 8vo. 5s. 6d. in extent of surface, to the whole of Spain and lar) into the action on the Prussian frontier." Portugal, we may very probably estimate fifty P. 138. But it is not in this quarter alone that An Introduction to the Study of Geology : millions as the number of Alexander's subjects. the opposition to Russia's encroachments would with occasional remarks on the truth of the Moc





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