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it.

February.7. 1918.]

Voyages and Travels. duct our fathers to the Holy Land, establish- lumbus, who aspired after unknown lands, and pression, seemed very casy; it was this point, ed factories on the coasts which their armies was about to isolate himself

, as it were, from the however

, which most exercised the sagacity of bad conquered; and commerce, as well as navi- rest of the world, would necessarily be destitute the learned. gation, acquired new strength. The Italian mer- of this kind of comparison. He turned his eyes Newton, in discorering the laws of universal chants penetrated in the course of the crusades towards the heavens, and conceived the idea of gravitation, taught the means of calculating asinto the eastern countries, and prepared new comparing the position of his vessel, lost in the tronomical lables; henceforward it was easy to sources of commerce.

vast extent of the seas, to the position of the predict the places which the planets ought, at The travels of Marco Paulo, wbich approaches stars. The first idea of referring each point of each instant, to occupy in the heavens; and renearly to the period of the last crusade of St. the surface of the globe to that which corres- duce lo practice the method of the distances of Louis, marks the first epoch of modern geogra- ponds with it in the celestial sphere, is due to the moon from the sun and stars, which he had phy. Although the names of the nations, provin- Hipparchus. Ptolemy afterwards adopted it in indicated as the best means of obtaining the laces, and towns, are strangely disfigured in the his Geography, and ranged the places mention- titude at sea. The best instruments known are relations which we have of them, the places the ed therein by their latitude and longitude. Chris- also due to the genius of Newton; it was he most distinguished by their position or their im- topher Columbus, in applying this to navigation, who had the first idea of adapting mirrors to portance, are still recognizable. The isle of Ci-has so intimately allied this great art to astro- those which serve to measure these distances. pangu, for instance, can be no other than that of nomy, that nothing henceforward can separate This invention was afterwards executed by Had. Japan; for it is said, that it is placed to the east- them, and seamen will for ever seek in the hea- ley with the greatest success; the instrument ward of the coasts of China The geographers of vens the position which they occupy on the which this latter has invented, is, if we except the day consequently placed this discovery far earth.

some slight modifications, the same which is still beyond the spot where Ptolemy had fixed the The voyages which Christopher Columbus in general use. eastern boundaries of the known world of the an-made, subsequent to the first, completed the dis The art of watch-making, scarcely risen from cients.

covery of that chain of islands which traverses its cradle, could no longer confine itself to the It was nearly about this period of travels of the mouth of the gulph of Mexico, and that of a egulation of the occupations of our lives; it Marco Paulo that the compass was first used. portion of the coasts which encircle them. It is dared to time the movements of the celestial boIts origin is uncertain; various nations pretend also from the period of these great navigations dies. It made such great progress. that it dito the honour of this fine invention; but the most that the Spaniards date their establishment in rectly attacked the problem of longitude, and its probable opinion is, that it comes to us from the New World.

success far exceeded our expectations. The mathe Chinese, who had long been acquainted with Similar successes caused a general movement rine watches, (time keepers,) which they con

in navigation. The Portuguese resumed the pro- struct at present, preserve, for entire .months, The use of the compass gave to navigators ject of penetrating into India, and finished by es the hour of the first meridian. the means of directing themselves in all wea- tablishing themselves there. Thence they pur As soon as the mariners bad the means of dethers, and inspired them with the courage neces- sued their discoveries as far as the isles of Sun- termining with precision their situation on the sary to quit the coast. They first sought the di- da and the Moluccas on one hand, and on the globe, they delayed not to lay down the position rection which they ought to follow, in repairing other as far as China and Japan. France and of the places on the coasts which they had ocfrom one place to another: they afterwards in England engaged some Italians in their service, casion to visit Navigation underwent a second vented methods calculated to give them the re- who opened to them the road of extended navi- revolution ; it was no longer solely destined to lative position of their vessels with these two gations.

support industry and commerce ; it took a more places. This first step removed the art from its The sciences were, at this period, still in their elevated flight, and contributed to the progress long infancy. Commerce assumed a new flight; infancy among all the people of Europe. . Astro- of human knowledge. Hydrography, on which and, towards the end of the fourteenth century, nomy had only begun to be cultivated in Germa- the safety of vessels peculiarly depended, was it extended itself beyond the Mediterranean; on ny in the first years of the fifteenth century. In the first object of its cares. The most learned the coasts of Portugal; of France; and even in the time of Christopher Columbus, it must have men undertook voyagos by sca, and mariners cul. to Flanders. The Italians, soon the most skilful been in the state in which we find it in the books tivated the sciences. The voyages of La Caille, navigators of Europe, instructed the other na- of Ptolemy. It required to be enlightened by a and of Maskelyne, introduce the practice of as tions by their lessons and by their example. long train of observations previous to its present tronomical observations into navigation ; and 0

The Portuguese were the first to profit by them; state of perfection; and thus it remained more ther yoyages, undertaken to observe the passage the vessels of their nation which discovered the than a century in the same state. Tycho Brahe of Venus over the sun's disk, accelerated the procoasts of Africa, as far as Sierra-Leone, were prepared, by his observations --- the best which gress of astronomy itself

. The services which conducted by Italians. They were not long ere had till then been made.--the Discovery of the navigation has rendered, extend to all the brau they were able to conduct them themselves, and Laws of Kepler; Newton at length appeared, ches of our acquirements. I still behold the place they advanced along the coasts of Guinea, of Be- and submitted the movements of the heavenly which Bougainville, whose name cannot be pronin, and of Congo ; at length, Bartholomew Diaz bodies to the combinations of geometry, and the pounced without awakening sentiinents of adecdoubled the Cape of Good Hope in 1486; but calculations of analysis. His genius rendered tion, occupied in this assembly. He is the first he arrested his course when he was on the eve to the science the same service which that of Frenchman who made the voyage round the of penetrating into the Indian seas,

Columbus had rendered to the art two centuries world, and his name is allied to a great number We are now come to that grand epoch which before; and navigation perfected itself at the of very important discoveries.' It was not until has changed the face of the world; the glory of same time as astronomy.

after bis voyage, that Harrison constracted the having operated this great change was still re The mariners obtained the lalilude by the me- first marine time-keeper. served for the Italians. Italy produced Christo- ridional height of the stars, which, in the com Fleurien tried, in 1768, two of these new time pher Columbus, who, by the force of his genius, mencement, they observed with the astrolabe. keepers, executed in France by Ferdinand Bereffected, in the art of navigation, a revolution, The use of less imperfect instruments was after-thoud, and he established the proof of their utilithe influence of which has extended itself to every wards introduced, but none of them approached ty. To him we owe the first application of them part of human knowledge. those which are now in common use.

which was made to geography, and the first rules History informs us, it was in placing China As to the longitude, they calculated it by the which were given to navigators for their use. aud Cipangy, of which Marco Paulo had spoken, space which the vessel had made, and they were Who, among us, does not recal to mind the beyond the most eastern land of Ptolemy, that deficient in the means of observing it. History, immense services which Borda has rendered to Christopher Columbus persuaded himself that he however, mentions an eclipse observed by Chris- the science ? Equally skilful as a seaman and a should have but a third of the circumference of topher Columbus; but, it appears, that no navi- a geometrician, he has procured to navigation the the globe to traverse, if he bent his course in a gator imitated him. It is known that the longi- reflecting repeating circle; and to astronomy acontrary direction to that of Marco Paulo, that tude is measured by the diurnal movement of the nother instrument, which, in very small dimenis to say, if he directed his course straight west- earth, and that it can be calculated in time as sions, has, by its exuculude, surpassed the greatward. Thus reduced, the distance was still up-well as in degrees ; in this case it is equal to est instruments till then known. wards of two thousand leagues, and surpassed the the difference of hours which are reckoned at tbe It would have seened that navigation, after means of navigation at this period. The naviga- same instant in the spot where the vessel actual- having been enriched with so many instruments, tors were wont, as we are told, to compare their ly is, and in the first meridian. The only ques- and such a variety of rigorous methods, could pruposition on the open sea, with that of the places tion, then, was, to ascertain those two hours. ceed no further. But the mind of man, capable which they were desirons of attaining ; but Co- The problem, thus reduced to its simplest ex- of distinguishing the degree of perfection which

246
Voyages and Travels.

[February 7. 1818. bis works are deficient in, always makes new ef coasts and of the island of the great ocean; tbe of the coasts of Tartary, and has enriched hy: forts to attain it.

ice of the two poles alone arrested his discoveries. drography with some very precious charts. Geometry has unmasked, in its profound works, The voyages of Vancouver and of Flinders, Three years elapsed without any news of him the last secrets of the science; and it is sufficient although less brilliant, possesses not a less inte arriving ; the resolution was taken to send in to designate it. Have not, also, all the geome rest ; and they have enriched geography with a search of La Perouse. The king charged M, de tricians and astronomers, assembled in this place, greater number of useful discoveries.

Entrecasteaux to follow his course, and to restore contributed, either by their learned works, by the France, in which we have successfully perfect him to his country, as well as his companions. most delicate operations of geodosy, or by equally ed the art of navigation, undertook a second The coasts which La Perouse was to have recontico astronomical observations, to give to the re. voyage round the world, shortly after Cook's last noitred were visited with the greater care, as sults of the science a precision previously un voyage. The desire of knowing the sources which they were obliged to observe them narrowly, in known ? It is to their combined works that na commerce might find on the north-western coasts order not to suffer any evidence to escape which vigation owes the perfection which it has attain of America, and on those of Tartary, gave rise might announce the presence of our unfortunate ed in our days.

to the voyage of La Perouse The instructions countrymen. Unhappily, these researches had no But I must not terminate what I have to say, which this skilful navigator received, relative to other result than to sink our hopes for ever. It without recalling the labours of the most illus savage nations, shew the extent of the acquire- ) is but too probable that the two vessels of La trious navigators who have advanced our geogra meuts of the monarch who had dictated them. Perouse encountered, during the night, one of phical knowledge.

“ Occupy yourself,” says be to him, “ in con those rocks which abound in the great ocean, beThe voyages of the immortal Cook are those, ciliating their friendship; prescribe to your com tween the tropics, and that they perished there wbere, for the first time, we gathered the fruits panions in the voyage, to live in good intelligence together. of the efforts made upwards of two centuries, for with them; treat them gently; seek to amelio All the means by which navigation had been the perfection of the sciences. His vessel offers rate their condition in teaching them to cultivate enriched in these latter times, were employed us the type of the tie which unites all the human the plants and trees you carry to them; but, during the voyage of M. de Entrecastcaux. He sciences, and of the alliance which those who above all, do not make known the superiority of completed our knowledge of a great extent of cultivate them ought to contract Navigators, our arms, except for your own safety. I shall coast, and procured a collection of charts, reastronomers, naturalists, all united to concur to regard it as one of your most brilliant successes, markable by their exactitude. This voyage, unthe same end; and the names of Banks and For- if the voyage can be terminated without costing dertaken in 1791, was terminated during the ster, are associated by history with that of Cook, the life of a single man.”

storms of the revolution : the misfortunes of the wlrose glory they shared. This great navigator has The first part of his voyage, published after his times retarded the publication, and it only ap... brought us acquainted with the greater part of the own journals, bas preserved to us the fine survey peared in 1809.

Poetry:

SONNET
The streams, which through them once their ma-

LINES
BY G. F. ZAPFI,
zes wound,

Addressed to my Sister, on the 21st Anniver. -
And now no longer make their murm'ring sound;

sary of her Birthday.
On the Colossal Statue of Moses by Michael The lakes, refusing to the thirsty flocks
Angelo.
The wish'd-for draughts, resisting, firm as rocks;

When thou wert in thine infancy,
The anxious shepherd, who, with pity mov'd,

And sported in our native bow'rs,
Sculptur'd in stone, what Giant form sits here,

And I thy playmate us’d to be
Looks on the cattle whom he e'er has lov'd,
Excelling all renown'd that Art affonds,
And strikes the ice; but soon the weak’ning blow

In that gay round of life's young hours;
Whose lips so pregnant and alive appear,
That I, unconscious, listen for his words?

Shews he must cease, and all his task forego. This was the blithest day we knew,
Well does his flowing beard declare the name,

Far other scenes that on th' expanse appear Which in thy book of years display'd
And double rays of glory on his brow,

Than thirsty flocks or weary hunted deer; Another spotless leaf to view,
Of MOSES ---such as from the Mount he came,
The glassy surface spread on every side,

Where all life's passing scenes were laid. His face yet beaming with celestial glow:

Bends to the skait or forms the easy slide;
Such was he, when the vast and sounding wave
Crowds fly along, the sportive race is run,

Those days of childhood now are fled;

Thy years of youth have glided on:
Round him retir'd rebuk’d, ---such when it By many lost, and by as many won :
flow'd

The book of time again is spread;
The grass which droops and lies upon the plain,

Its leaves are turn'd to twenty-one.
O'er the Egyptian host,-
,-a whelming grave ! -

Or dead, or dying, ne'er to rise again ; And you his flock to a base Calf have bow'd;

The clod so hard, which breaks the driven plough; Come, let us trace the record through, Have rais'd its image equal to this, sublime,

The sharpen'd axe, which fells the lifeless bough: Up to this age of perfect youth :
Which to have worship'd had been less a crime. But leaving these—the cheerful blazing fires ; How spotless is the tablet's hue;

The young's gay gambols round their smiling How bright with innocence and truth.
The mazy dance, the song, the bursting cries

Together love and duty stand,

Fair written in thine early age;
Of merry laughter which each moment rise;
ON THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE YEAR.
The feasts which are o'er bending tables spread

With peace and meekness hand in hand,
The sky which lowers black, the winds which That we, Oh happy mortals ! may be fed;

Enchanting move in every page: drive

The starving robin who so longs to taste, Here artlessness and mirth are seen ;
The shepherd to his cot, the storms which strive And at our windows chirps for what we waste ; There pity marks ber tender name:
And rend the air, with dreadful ruin fraught, The tim'rous hare who shrinks from piercing cold, Good temper with a smiling mien,
And threaten to reduce us into nought; While the hot sportsman drives her from her hold; And winning look that knows no shame.
The snow, whose waving flakes come show'ring The sportsman who now runs where once he
light,

Here prudence with reserve unites

rang'a And cover all things with their lovely white; At leisure, wond'ring how bright Nature's

Improvement, industry, and care ; The frost-bound earth, whose moisture all is gone, chang'd;

And each domestic virtue writes
Whose ev'ry landscape now appears forlorn; Nature herself, who smil'd in fair array ;

Her name to live unfading there.
The seas, which dash with never ceasing roar The hours which bring the speedy close of day; And, above all, sublime and bright,
Against the rocks, or chase the yielding shore; The night which casts a gloom so dark, so drear Thy guide in childhood, hope in youth;
'the woods, of all their cheerful green bereft, All, all remind me of the op'ning year. Like stars from heaven diffusing light,
With not a beauty but their branches left;

G. J. B. Js piety with zealous truth.

sires;

wave--

February 7. 1818.]
Poetry Foreign and Domestic Intelligence.

247 Gay smiling scenes are scatter'd round Ye friends of old Albion! ye friends of the brave ! ( Though the slanghter be past---though the battle Of days which charm'd life's chequer'd scene; Who o'er the deep ocean her glory have borne--

be o'er, From which, when wordly woes should wound, Shall the son of her pride---shall the tar of the The sweet bond of duty is never to cease : Might memory a solace glean.

(lorn? 'Twas the tars' to defend you in fierce raging Shall the bold British sailor now wander for

war! Oh! without stain of tears or grief,

'Tis yours to protect them in soft smiling peace! May all remain that now appears ;

Ye friends of old Albion! of pity the friends! And happiness fill every leaf,

The lone seaman view on bis own native shore; Ye friends of old Albion! who oft have remov'd Through all thy cou se of future years! That form once erect, now how feebly it bends;

The hot tear of anguish for pleasure's, gay
W. P.
How dim is that eye that once" kindled in war:”

smile,
How wither'd the brow, and how pale is the face; Ye friends of old Albion! who often have provid
While down its deep furrows the briny tears

That Charity reigns over Liberty's isle ! creep--

See, now tapers high, bright Benevolence' flame! On the Meeting for the Relief of Say, under that sad, drooping form could you trace,

(So, after dark night, comes the rose-tinted The bold British sailor once fear'd o'er the deep?

morn) DISTRESSED SEAMEN.

While the sons of Britannia united exclaim--Ye friends of old Albion! ye friends of her might: Ye friends of old Albion! remember the chief The bold British tar shall ne'er wander forWho smile on the days when her banner un To whose words mighty fame every Briton

lorn:
furl'd

(of fight,
directs,
(wreath,

II. W..
Stream'd far and stream'd wide the red beacon While conquest and death were entwining his
And the peal of her thunder was heard o'er the “ His duty from each man fair England ex-
world:

pects!"

CHRONICLE OF PUBLIC EVENTS.

DOMESTIC NEWS.

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.

with the principal officers of state for Scotland,

the respective heads of the courts of law and leIn France the projet for the provisional collec

London, February 2. gal bodies, the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and tion of six-twelfths of the revenue has passed in On the 27th Parliament was opened by com- other gentlemen recommended by official situato a law. The other measures proposed by go- mission. The speech alluides to the cont inuance tions of importance, directing them to open the vernment, the budget, the recruiting of the army, of his Majesty's indisposition; to the lamented crown-room, and proceed to open the chest in &c. continue to occupy the Chambers.

death of the Princess Charlotte, with an allusion which the regalia are said to be deposited, to make A proposition has issued from the members of to the approaching nuptials of the Duke of Cam- search for the same, and to report the issue of the Holy Alliance, that every government should bridge ; to the friendly dispositions of foreign their inquiries to his Royal Highness the Prince take means to prevent smuggling, and the pas- powers to this country; to the stability of the Regent.---The examination took place on the 4th sage of contraband goods. This is doubtless an great sources of national prosperity, and to the inst, when every part of the regalia was found . useful object; but it is easy to foresee, from the improvement which has taken place in the course entire.

circumstance here recorded, how much of the fu- of last year in almost every branch of domestic It has been resolved to raise by subscription a ture destinies of Europe are involved in such an industry, and to the propitious state of public cre- capital of L.20,000, in shares of L.25 each, for association of monarchs and states.

dit; to the diminishing spirit of disaffection, the purpose of erecting, in Waterloo Place, a The Prince of Orange has been reinstated in thence arising; to the progressive improvement suitable house for a coffee-room, hotel, and tavern. all his appointments.

of the revenue in most of its important branches; The Union Canal Company entered into a The message of the President of the United to the conclusion of treaties with Spain and Por- contract last week for executing the first ten States of America, on opening Congress, is a pa-tugal on the abolition of the Slave trade; and it miles of the canal westward from Gilmour-street, cific and highly satisfactory document. Amicable concludes with calling the attention of Parlia- Edinburgh, for a sum considerably below the esrelations with Europe, and a strict neutrality be- ment to the deficiency which has so long existed timate of the company's engineer. tween Spain and her colonies, are the topics in the number of churches.

Mr Stevenson, civil engineer, bas nearly conichiefly enforced. A military force is concentrat Sir Thomas Plumer has been appointed master pleted his survey of the line of the Mid-Lothian ing in the southern provinces. The treaty of of the rolls ; Sir J. Leach vice-chancellor; and railway. Ghent, in so far as relates to the settlement re- Sergeant Best has been appointed chief-justice The presbytery of Edinburgh have rejected a specting the islands in Passamaquoddy Bay, has of Chester.

petition from several gentlemen and heads of fabeen amicably adjusted.

The Earl of Dalhousie goes to Quebeo on the milies who have purchased the episcopal chapel The cause of the insurgents of South America opening of the navigation of the St Lawrence, to at the foot of the Cowgate, praying to erect it has met with several disasters, which must have relieve Sir John Sherbrooke, the present gover-into a chapel of ease under the acts of the gea fatal effect upon their efforts at independence. nor-general. Major-general Peregrine Maitland, neral assembly. General Mina has been defeated by the royalists the new governor for Upper Canada, goes out On the 30th ult. St Paul's Chapel, York-place, and taken prisoner.—There are horrible accounts early in spring.

was opened for the purpose of being consecrated. of executions of persons engaged in the late re : A meeting has been held, and subscriptions The ceremony was performed by the Right Rev. bellion of Pernambuco.

entered into, to remove the disgrace and scandal Bishop Sandford. assisted by the Rev. Å. Alison Further intelligence from the West Indies, of street-begging from the metropolis.

and R. Morehead, ministers of the chapel. though it alters the parts, confirms the general The city of London tavern has lately seen Burgh Reform.---On the 5th ult the burgesses tenor of the American news respecting the bur- within its walls two very extraordinary meetings

, of Jedburgh beld a meeting, and resolved to use ricane, which seems to have swept quite across -a mecting to set afloat a subscription for every legal means of obtaining a new mode of the Atlantic. At St Lucie the lady of Governor Hone; and a meeting to commemorate the tri. electing their magistrates and council

. The maSeymour and her children were saved ; and it centenary anniversary of the reformation. Mr gistrates of the town have expressed their condoes not appear thai the soldiery in the barracks Waithman presided at the first, the Duke of Sus- viction of the necessity of such a measure, and perished as originally stated. The governor him-sex presided at the second.

agreed to join their fellow-citizens in an appliself, Major Burdett and wife, and many others, Verdicts against the Sheriffs, to the amount of cation for a new set of the burghs---On the 14th fell a sacrifice to this fearful visitation. Antigua L.5000, have been obtained at Guildhall by three the burgesses of Sanquhar passed resolutions of suffered dreadfully; and great apprehensions are tradesmen, whose property was damaged by the a similar import: entertained of the havoc in the other islands, es-Spittalfields mob.

The Crown has instituted two new professorpecially Martinique.

Edinburgh, Jan. 5. ships in the university of Glasgow, Chemistry Some additional surveys and settlements are A commission, under the sign-manuel, was re- and Botany. To the former chair Dr Thomas about to be made in the vicinity of the Cape of cently issued to his Grace the Duke of Buccleuch Thomson has been presented, and Dr Roke

| and Qucensberry, lord-lieutenant of Mid-Lothian, Graham to the latter.

Good Hope.

248
Domestic Occurrences.- Marriages.--Deaths.

[February 7. 1818 On the night of the 12th inst. the wind began On the 2a instant, the question relating to the Mr John Lang, merchant, Glasgow, to Jean, to blow, about ten o'clock, from the south west, new buildings on the North Bridge came on be only daughter of Andrew Monach, Esq. of Mount accompanied with heavy rain, and continued to fore i Cuurt of Session, when the complainer's Helen. increase during the night until it became a per Bill of Suspension was passed. Lords Robertson, fect hurricane. In the morning it had not abated Glenlee, and Bannatyne, voted for passing the in the least degree. From seven to pine it was Bill and Lords Justice Clerk and Craigie for re

DEATHS. particularly severe ; so much so that a consider fusing it. The effect of this is, to have the ques At London, Jane Todd, daughter of Archibald able part of the lead on the dome of St eorge's tion tried in a Process of Declarator, whether the Todd, Esq. Church was stripped off, at the same time the large buildings shall come down or not?

At London, Mrs Thomson, and William wooden building erected on the Mound, for showing A case of crim. con. was decided in the jury Thomson, Esq. relict and son of the late John Polito's menagerie of wild beasts, and since used court on the 17th ult. when a verdict of L.30 Thomson, Esq. secretary of Excise for Scotland. for exhibitions

of lesser note, was blown to pieces, damages was given. The parsies were, a private At Tranent Lodge, Mr William Wood, late and a great part of it carried to the North-loch; in the artillery, and Mr W. Guthrie, writer. of Gifford. part of another temporary wooden erection, pre Robert Tennent, accused of theft and house At Ballimartin, Islay, Donald Campbell, Esq. sently occupied as a wood-yard. was likewise breaking, has been sentenced by the Court of At Gordonbank, Alexander Low, Esq. of blown down, and strewed in various directions. Justiciary to fourteen years transportation. Whitsomelaw. On the Wednesday and Thursday following the BENEFIT SOCIETIES.-A case of some im At the manse of Girthon, the Rev. Robert gale was felt with unusual violence. The turrets portance, relative to these institutions, was lately Gordon, in the 49th year of his age. and other ornaments upon the tower of Bishop tried before his Majesty's justices of the peace At Thurso, Mrs Mary Craddock, widow of Wil. Sandford's elegant new chapel at the west end of for the county of Perth. The King's Freemen liam Innes, Esq. of Sandside. Prince's-street were blown down. Part of the Friendly society summoned two of its members, At Inverness, Mrs Falconer, relict of Major small turrets on the top of Libberton kirk, in the who had neglected for some time to contribute to Falconer. neighbourhood of this city, were also blown down, the funds of the society, without having intimated At Glasgow, Mery, eldest daughter of Profesand being forced through the roof did consider their resignation, to pay up their arrears. The sor Millar. able damage. The chain-bridge lately erected defenders refused to comply with the demand, At Enniskillen, of fever, W. Wilson, Esq. suron the Tweed at Dryburgh-abbey was blown ou the ground that, by ceasing to contribute, they geon, Royal Scots. down at the same time.

had lost all claims to any benefit from the socie. At Ormly, John Rose, Esq. Sheriff-substitute As the public attention has been of late much ty, and, of course, were virtually no longer to be of Caithness. attracted to the general health of the inhabitants considered as members. The Court, however, At Edinburgh, Andrew Liddel, Esq. in the of this city, it will aford sone interest to learn, decided that every member of the institution is 74th year of his age. that in the last quarter, the number of burials are bound to pay up all arrears of subscriptions, fines, At Drochill castle, Mrs Marion Tweedie, 99 less than the corresponding quarter of the last &c. till he has formally given notice of leaving spouse of James Murray, Esq. of Craigend. year. In this account is included the deaths in the society.

At Savannah, on the 25th of August, Captain the royal infirmary and charity work-house.

The jail of Aberdeen was lately broke, and George Ker. From 26th Oct. 1815, to 26th Jan. 1816.... 252 four of the prisoners escaped.

At Greenlaw Housc, James Kibble, Esq. of From 26th Oct. 1816, to 26th Jan. 1817.... 342

Whiteford. From 26th Oct. 1817, to 26th Jan. 1818.... 243

In James's Place, Mr Stewart Benny, painter. MARRIAGES.

At Doonside, Captain James Robertson Craw. Total.............. 837

ford of Doonside, 21st Dragoons.

At Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Russel, writer, The inmates of the charity work-house are

At Edinburgh, Thomas Allan, Esq. of Linkabont 750, of whom 210 are children at school, ston,'Esq. to Margaret, second daughter of Robert John

field, Westbarns. and one of these is confined ; and throughout the

At Linton, John Bruce, Esq. of St Elizabeth's, ter of Sir Thomas Gibson Carmichael, Bart.

At Castlecraig, Miss Carnichael, third daughwhole family there is not an epidemic of any kind. Jamaica, to Janet, danghter of the late MrJohn Parish of St Cuthberts.

Here, in his 88th year, Mr James Miller, gloCunningham, Dirleton. From 26th Oct. 1815 to 26th Jan. 1816.... 194

ver in Edinburgh.

At Fordoun-house, Mr Barclay, farmer in Kirk-
From 26th Oct. 1816 to 26th Jan. 1817.... 250 hill of Halkerton, to Catharine, daughter of the
From 56th Oct. 1817 to 26th Jan. 1818...: 212 late Thomas Christie, Esq. formerly in Balmanno. A. M-Craken,

soapboiler, Glasgow.

SEQUESTRATIONS.
Chapel of Ease, Parish of St Cuthbert's.
Ai Edinburgh, Alexander Stewart, Esq. Fins W. and T. MʻMillan, merchants

, Castle-Douglas. From 26th Oct. 1815 to 26th Jan. 1816.... 112 From 26th Oct. 1816 to 26th Jan. 1817.... 140 bury Square, London, to Agnes Marshal, eldest 3. Cogill

, sen. merchant, Wick. From 26th Oct. 1817 to 26th Jan. 1818.... 53 daughter of William Logan, Esq. Queen Street

. Ro. Berrie, cattle-dealer, Thomaston.
At Bervie, Mr D. Thomson, surgeon, Edin Ro. Ornand, brewer, Dundee.
Canongate.
From 26th Oct. 1815 to 26th Jan. 1816.... 112 burgh, to Sarah Ann, daughter of the late Pro-

vost Hudson, manufacturer. From 26th Oct. 1816 to 26th Jan. 1817.... 140

MARKETS.
From 26th Oct. 1818 to 26th Jan. 1818.... 110 bella, only daughter of the late Richard Baxter,

Alexander Heastie, Esq. surgeon, R. N. to Isa-
Town of Leith.

Haddington, Jan. 30. Wheat 43. 398. 36.-
Esq. Demerara.
From 26th Oct. 1815 to 26th Jan. 1816.... 95

Barley 35s. 31s. 28s: -Oats 316. 25s. 20s.--Pease

Át Edinburgh, Mr Mallach, writer, Dunblane, 325. 26. 22s.--Beans 32s. 26s. 22s.
From 26th Oct. 1816 to 26th Jan. 1817.... 107
From 26th Oct. 1817 to 26th Jan. 1818.... 90 to Miss M. Ferrier, youngest daughter of Mrs

Dalkeith, Feb. 2. Oatmeal sold heavily from
Ferrier, Clyde Street.
Calton Burial Ground.

25s. to 27s.6d.ls. 8d, to ls. 9d. per peck. At Achadashenaig, in the island of Mull, Ro

384 1815, in all.................

Edinburgh, Fcb. 3. Oatmeal fell a penny the bert Maxwell, Esq. chamberlain of Tirit, to Capeck.-483 bolls—at 27s. and 286.60.-1s. 9d. and 1816... .............................................. 477

therine, eldest daughter of the late R. Stewart, | Is. 10d. per peck.-Pease and Barley Is. 4d. 1817 Esq. of Sorn.

Sales

Edinburgh Corn-market, Jan. 28. The following statement shows the rapid increase of the foreign and coasting trade at the inst. Mr James Sanson, merchant in Edinburgh, Oats 30s. 345.---Pease and Beans 28s. 33s.

At Ramsay Lodge, Laurieston, on the 22d heavy.- Wheat 38s. 458.--Barley 26s. 335.

to Mary, eldest daughter of William Laing, Esq. Vessels cleared outwards in the course of the

At Stonehaven, on the 18th inst. John Fle2778

ERRATA. Cleared outwards in the course of the year

ming, Esq. merchant there, to Jane Fordyce,

eldest daughter of Dr William Nicol of Findon, P. 220, column 2, line 27, for shortering, read 3206 Kincardineshire.

shortcoming At Barnton-house, James Cuoingham, Esq. of 2d line from the bottom, for solely read

428 Increase, during 1817........

Balgownie, to Agnes, third daughter of the late coolly. Number and tonnage of Vessels belonging to this George Ramsay, Esq. of Barnton.

column 3d, line 10, for overstripped read Port, December 30, 1817.

Mr Jos. Wilkinson of Newcastle, to Miss Ver- overstepped. Vessels......

............ 197 non Scougall, eldest daughter of Mr James Scou P. 221, column 1, line 40, for prosperity read Tons... 24,169 gall, designer, Edinburgh.

property.

424

port of Leith:

year 1816...

1817.........

John Moir, Printer, Edinburgh.

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WALKS IN EDINBURGH, &c.

and, with fierce ire in his countenance, the accident as a good joke ; the ludi

he accosted my friend : “ Do you mean crousness of the scene, and the striking Loquaces

to insult me, Sir?” “ Insult you !" was, incongruity which it presented, excited Si sapiat, vitet. HOR.

my friend's reply, and expressed with the risible powers of the more delicate Ludicrous accident The New Buildings ineffable contempt, while he was as un- and kind hearted; and although I in

on the North Bridge-discussion of moved as the new buildings, with which voluntarily joined in the laugh at first, diversity of opinion-Reflections of a his head was then full. I thought II felt my face suffused with a sympastranger on the Improvements on the perceived the youthful hero of the thetic glow when I heard one in the Calton Hill-Sublimity of a Sailor. quill shrink within himself, when he crowd say it was Mrs

measured with his eye a brawny fellow Pray,” says my friend, as with his PROCEEDING along the North Bridge of nearly six feet, with an oaken saplin arm in mine we walked towards the one fine morning lately, to enjoy my ac- in his hand, which, properly applied, Register-Office, in slow and cautious customed walk on the Calton Hill, and might have performed some of the feats progression. " Pray," says he, after a having met with one interruption from of Hercules. I had little apprehension long pause, from which I foreboded a a talkative friend, I hastened with an of the end of this business, but it was long interruption to my intended expeaccelerated pace to avoid another, of suddenly cut short by what may be cal. dition, “ What is your opinion of the which I had some apprehension from led the comic part of the pavement ad. new buildings?” New buildings,” I the glimpse I got of another friend venture. A lady, or at least a well replied, with a stare of astonishment at moving in the opposite direction. To dressed woman, for I must not insist the very mention of that interminable escape the threatened danger of en- on the former appellation, which might topic of public and private discussion. croachment on my time, I endeavoured be liable to dispute from what happen- But without seeming to mind my surto assume an air of important business, ed, was unluckily within the vortex of prise and alarm, he proceeded : . I and just as we approached I gave him this system of bodies, during their pro- think more should be done than has a slight nod, and Aattered myself I had gressive and retrograde movements;and been yet proposed in the improvements succeeded in securing my retreat, when, when the disturbing forces began to now going forward. Edinburgh and its by a dexterous spring from one side of operate, either herself or her large muff vicinity are strikingly picturesque. That the pavement to the other, he seized my came in contact with one of them, and character which the northern metropoarm. The rapidity of this movement like one of the planets, which some very lis can boast of in so high a degree, astonished me, for I thought myself profound philosophers suppose, explode ought to be scrupulously preserved. fairly beyond his reach ; but it was not to furnish the earth with a shower of Effect, Sir, effect is not studied; it is accomplished without a double rencon- stones from the clouds, and adorn the never thought of, or rather, it is coun. tre, and a double accident. Three cabinets of the curious with those sin- teracted by injudicious and barbarous dashing bucks, in the very pink of fa- gular productions, the muff suffered an plans. In studying picturesque effect, shion, one of them, as I learned from explosion, or at least disgorged its pre- Sir, the Calton Hill, with Nelson's Moa passer by, had scarcely finished the cious contents, to the no small surprise nument, the Castle, with its antiquated first year of his apprenticeship to a and merriment of the passing specta- towers, Salisbury Craigs, and Arthur's writer in town,) were walking arm in tors. A good fat hen, ready for the Seat, ought to be seen from every conarm, much to their own comfort I sup- spit, rolled on the pavement in one di- spicuous station in the Old and New pose, but greatly to the annoyance ofrection ; a nice piece of bacon, intend- Town. Not a building should be alevery passenger they ihet, who was ob- ed as its companion on the table, mov- lowed to remain or be erected on the liged to give way, and even I observed ed in another; a pound of raisins, some south side of Prince's Street from the some well dressed ladies driven off the of which were scattered by the bursting Mound to the Calton Hill.” “ Yours," pavement, were close by me when my of the paper, flew off at a tangent, and I remarked, would be a sweeping im• friend made his unfortunate movement; lighted among the horses feet on the provement,"—which I had no sooner utand whether he touched the heel of the street, and were attended in their flight tered, than another admirer of the beau. lounger in the middle, or came with with spiceries in smaller packages, all ties of nature and art joined us, and great force against a stick which pro- of which indicated the preparation for hearing the subject of conversation, jected a considerable distance from un- a plumb-pudding. The poor woman joined in it. “If," says he, “ the line der his arm, I cannot explain, but the was overwhelmed with confusion ; the of beauty were studied, all those excresbuck was very nearly thrown down at more civil spectators assisted her in cences which ill directed art has raised my feet. Recovering himself from this collecting the dispersed materiel of the on our eminences ought to be removed. degrading position with no loss of time, dinner; the more unfeeling enjoyed Nothing pleases the eye so much as

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