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260
Arts and Sciences.

[ March 7, 1818 nevolent satire produced the necessary considerable. The old and the new The same chemist, in a late publicareform; and the magistrates have so world have genera of insects peculiar tion on vege able tinctures, states, that generally interdicted the practice, that to each. Even those which are com- a little Brazil wood saw-dust mixed the pastime may now be happily con- mon to both present appreciable differ- with some nairon or impure carbonate sidered as extinct.

ences. In the western parts of Europe, of soda, and put into a tumbler of wathe domain of southern insects appear ter, immediately communicates to it the

very distinctly, as soon as going from colour and appearance of red wine ; ARTS AND SCIENCES.

north to south we come to a country but if this coloured fluid is poured into

favourable to the cultivation of the another glass containing a few drops of EXPERIMENTS on distilled sea-water olive. This change of temperature is lemon juice, it instantly loses its colour have been tried at Brest, Toulon, and marked by the presence of scorpions. and becomes like white wine. Rochefort, by giving it as drink to the

Dr Mitchell announces

the discogalley-slaves, and using it in cooking very of the remains of a mammoth in

ROYAL SOCIETY. their victuals. The result of these ex- the town of Goshen, Orange County, periments is, that distilled sea-water within sixty miles of New York, in a

On the 18th, a paper by James Smithmay be used as a necessary of life for meadow belonging to a Mr Yelverton. son, Esq. containing some remarks on a month, and even for a longer time; The soil is a black vegetable inould, of vegetable colours, was read. Among the and that it may be of great assistance an inflammable nature. It abounds substances which he examined were in long voyages and journeys of disco- with pine-knots and trunks, and was litmus, the colouring matter of the very.

about thirty years ago covered with a violet, of the blue hyacinth, of the blue M. Humboldt has lately published, grove of white pine-trees. The length paper which is used for wrapping up at Paris, a work on the geographical of the tooth was six inches, the breadth loaf-sugar, of the mulberry, and the description of plants, according to the three and a half inches ; the circumfe- pigment called sap.green. Some of temperature, latitude, elevation of the rence of the lower jaw, including the these are employed by chemists as desoil, &c. He offers some interesting tooth it contains, twenty-six inches; the licate tests of acids and alkalies; and views with regard to vegetable forms. length of the jaw thirty-five inches. various experiments were related reOn comparing, in each country, the Mr John Gough, in a paper lately specting their action on these bodies, number of plants of certain well-deter- read to the Kendal Society, on the Nu. and the manner in which they are remined families with the whole number triment of Vegetables, has detailed va- spectively affected by them. The auof vegetables, he discovers numerical rious experiments which establish the thor conceives it probable that some ve. ratios of a striking regularity. Certain doctrine of the late Dr Percival of getable colours may be produced by a forms become more common as we Manchester, in opposition to that of Dr combination of principles; that the red advance towards the pole, while others Priestley, who held that“ carbonic acid colour of flowers may depend upon the augment towards the equator. Others gas is highly deleterious to plants, and union of carbonic acid with a blue matattain their maximum in the temperate not less destructive to the vegetable prin ter; and that in other cases a vegetazones, and diminish equally by too much ciple, than poisons are to animal life.” ble principle may be combined with a heat and too much cold; and, what is The result of Mr Gough's experiments small quantity of potash, analogous to remarkable, this distribution remains the prove, on the contrary, that Dr Percival the substance which has been called same round the old globe, following not was correct in pronouncing carbonic ulmin. The author also gave an acthe geographical parallels, but those acid gas to be an essential ingredient count of some experiments upon the which Humboldt calls isothermic; that in the nutriment of vegetables.

This

green colour procured from certain inis, lines of the same mean temperature. is a fact which will probably prove of sects, which he concludes to be of a These laws are so constant, that, if we no little importance to practical agri- different nature from the vegetable know in a country the number of species culture, as it may finally lead to a ra- greens. of one of the families, we may nearly tional theory of the nature and opera-, A paper was lately read at the Royconclude from it the total number of tion of manures.

al Society of London, by Dr John Daplants, and that of the species of each of Dr Branchi, professor of chemistry vy, giving an account of the mountain the other families.

in the university of Pisa, has obtained called Adam's Peak, in the island of M. Latreille has published, at

. Paris, a volatile concrete oil from oak galls, Ceylon. This mountain has been long a work on the distribution of insects. by the same means by which volatile celebrated as the resort of pilgrims from This is intimately connected with the oils in general are extracted from aro- all parts of the country, in consequence distribution of plants; and, in reality, matic vegetables. It is of the consis- of a tradition that the Indian god Boodthe same insects are found upon the tence and colour of good old honey, ha ascended to heaven from its summit, mountains of a warm country that in- and has evidently the smell and taste of and left upon it the impression of his habit the plains of colder countries. galls. When laid on paper and exposed foot. Dr. Davy computes it to be from The difference of ten or twelve degrees to the name of a candle, it instantly 6000 to 7000 feet high. At the top it of latitude, at an equal height, brings melts, and the paper becomes oily and has a level area of nearly a circular with it particular insects ; and when transparent. In this state, when ex- form. The summit is surrounded by a the difference amounts to twenty or posed again to the flame, or to the sun grove of trees of the genus rhododentwenty-four degrees, almost all the in- for sufficient length of time, it evapo- dron, but of a species which is said to sects are different. There are analo- rates, and leaves the paper so clean grow in no other situation. The plants gous changes corresponding to the la- that it may be written upon with the are accounted sacred, so that it was imfitude, but at distances much more greatest ease.

possible to procure a specimen for ex

a

March 7, 1818.]
Arts and Sciences.

261 amination. The mountain itself is com- of pearl-spar, by M. Hisinger; and of considered as the last contribution of posed of gneiss, the constituents of native iron from Leadhills, by Mr Da- that distinguished naturalist to the ilwhich exist in very different propor- costa. Zoology.--Account of some new lustration of the natural history of his tions in its different parts. In some or rare British Fishes, and also of Bri- country, having been received by the districts hornblende predominates so tish Sponges, by Colonel Montagu. Society only a very short time before much as almost to change the charac- Description of a Swordfish killed in the his death. ter of the rock; but this passes by de Frith of Forth ; observations on the grees into a more perfect gneiss, with genus Squalus of Linnæus ; and on e

ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. out exhibiting any exact limit of'separa- proboscideous and oestrideous insects, tion. The author observed some of the by Dr. Leach of the British Museum. Nov. 17, 1817.- The Royal Society gems which are the produce of Ceylon, Contributions to the British Fauna, by having resumed their meetings after the imbedded in the gneiss which composes Dr Fleming. On the genus Falco of summer vacation, the first part of a pas this mountain.

Linnæus, by Mr James Wilson. On per by Dr Ure of Glasgow was read, The subject of the Croonian Lecture, the Colymbus Immer, by Dr Edmond. containing Experiments and Observaread on the 20th of November by Sir ston. On the Irish Testacea, by Cap- tions on Muriatic Acid Gas. Everard Home, was the changes which tain Brown. On the structure of the At the same meeting, a paper by Dr the blood undergoes in the act of coa- cells in the combs of bees and wasps, Fergusson, inspector of hospitals, was gulation. A considerable part of the and on the causes of organization, by read on the Mud Volcanoes of the paper was occupied with an account of Dr Barclay. Mineralogy.-On the mi- Island of Trinidad. a number of minute microscopical ob- neralogy of the Pentland Hills; on the In the beginning of the year 1816, servations made by Mr Bauer on the geognosy of the Lothians; on conglo- this gentleman was employed, along red particles of the blood. He gave a merated or breciated rocks; on porphy: with the deputy quartermaster general description of their appearance, and at-ry; and mineralogical observations and of the colonies, and an officer of rank tempted to form an estimate of their speculations, by Professor Jameson. in the engineer department, to make a size. Their colouring matter he con- Geological account of the Campsie survey of the military stations in the ceives to be something superadded 10 Hills, by Colonel Imrie. Description West Indies, during which their attentheir proper substance; he supposes of Tinto, and of the Cartlane Craig in tion was attracted to this extraordinary that they possess a regularly organised Lanarkshire, and of Ravensheugh in phenomenon in a district of country structure ; and by comparing them with East Lothian, by Dr Macknight. On that had always been considered, acthe appearance which the muscular fi- the rocks in the neighbourhood of Dun- cording to their information, as strictly bre exhibits, when highly magnified, he dee; on those near St. Andrews ; and alluvial. It appeared to them to be so concludes that these particles are the on the Red Head in Forfarshire, by Dr highly illustrative of the minor incipient immediate constituents of the fibre.- Fleming. On the Ochil Hills, by Charles degrees of volcanic agency in the forWith respect to the generation of vessels Mackenzie, Esq. Mineralogical obser- mation of argillaceous hills, that they in effused blood, he imagines that it de- vations in Galloway, by Dr Grierson. thought it would be right to mention it pends upon the gas which is extricated. A history of the proceedings of the So- in their report, and Dr Fergusson was from blood during its coagulation; this, ciety, from its origin to the present deputed to draw up the statement. by insinuating itself between the ad-time, is subjoined ; and also an index to This gentleman found, that the eruphering particles, produces tubular ca- both the 8vo volumes, the Society, it is tions of these semi-volcanoes, two in vities, which are afterwards converted understood, intending in future to pub- number, which are situated on a narrow into more perfect vessels.

lish their Memoirs in the 4to form. It tongue of land, which points directly may also be noticed, that the volume is into one of the mouths of the Oronoko

illustrated with twenty-seven engrav- on the Main, about 12 or 15 miles off, WERNERIAN SOCIETY.

ings, several of which do horour to our at the southern extremity of Trinidad, The second volume of the Memoirs artists. Of the papers above enumera- and not far from the celebrated Pitch of the Wernerian Natural History So ted, several of the most important are Lake, are at all times quite cold. That ciety contains a great variety of curious contained in the second part of the the matter ordinarily thrown out conand interesting papers, the subjects of volume, which is just published. The sisted of argillaceous earth mixed with which we shall lay before our readers account of the Greenland or Polar ice, salt water, about as salt as the watci in under distinct heads. Meteorology- by Mr Scoresby, may be particularly the neighbouring Gulf of Paria; but Observations made in Greenland in mentioned : it is illustrated by a map of though cold at all times, that pyritic 1811 and 1812, by Mr Scoresby. On the state of the ice about two years fragments were occasionally ejected the coincidence in the pressure of the ago, before the great breaking up of the along with the argillaceous earth. They atmosphere, in different latitudes, at icy barrier, which has given rise to the also observed, that several mounts in nearly the same time ; by the Right voyage in search of a north-west pass the vicinity possessed the same charaeHon. Lord Gray. Hydrography.-On age, about to be once more undertaken. ter in ali respects as the semi-volcanoes the state of the Polar Ice, by Mr Scores. It is exceedingly to be regreted, we then in activity, having all the marks, by. On the tendency to filling up in think, that this undertaking has not except the actual eruption, of having the German Ocean, by Mr Stevenson, been confided to a person so eminently been raised through a similar process to engineer. Chemistry - Analyses of qualified as Mr Scoresby. The des- their existing altitude, of about a hun.

. magnetic iron-ore from Greenland, and criptions of new or rare British Fishes, dred feet; and that the trees around of a new species of lead-ore from India ; | by the late Colonel Montagu, accom- them were of the kind that are usually hy Dr Thomson of Glasgow. Analysis panied with coloured figures, may be found near lagoons and salt marshes.

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962
Arts and Sciences.

[March 7, 1818. The nature of the duties on which they fblishing, in addition to what he had be- | powder. Hence Dr Ure infers, that were employed did not permit their at- fore brought forward, the fallacy of the ihe traces of moisture formerly observtempting any analysis of the air, water, opinion in which chlorine is regarded ed by Dr Murray, on exposing sal-amor earths, furnished by the eruptions. as a simple substance, which, with hy. moniac to heat, must have been the

December 1.-A paper, by Dr Brew. drogen, forms muriatic acid. The op hygrometric water of the imperfectly ster, was read on the Laws of Double posite opinion, that it is a compound of fried salt. Refraction and Polarisation. This pa- muriatic acid with oxygen, and tha: At the same meeting, a paper by Dr per was divided into seven sections, oi muriatic gas is a compound of muriatic Brewster was read, on a singular affece which only the two first were read. 1. acid and water, might be held to be es- tion of the eye in the healthy state, in On the crystals which produce double tablished, and it undoubtedly may be consequence of which it loses the pow. refraction, a property which the author maintained. But he has presented a er of seeing objects within the sphere has observed in 160 crystals. 2. On different view of the subject, as being of distinct vision. When the eye is crystals with one apparent axis of dou- more conformable to the present state steadily fixed upon any object, this ob. ble refraction. These crystals, which of chemical theory, into which our li ject will never cease to become visible; amount to twenty-two, were divided in. mits do not permit us to enter. but, if the eye is steadily directed to to two classes, positive and negative, At the same meeting Dr Brewster another object in its vicinity, while it and include all those whose primitive communicated a very interesting paper sees the first object indirectly, this first form is the hexahedral prism, the rhom. consisting of extracts of letters fron object will, after a certain time, entirea boid, with an obtuse summit, and the Mr Boog to his father, the Rev. Dr. ly disappear, whether it is seen with octahedron, in which the pyramids have Boog of Paisley, giving an account of one or both eyes, whatever be its for, a square base. 3. On crystals with two the recent discoveries respecting the mer colour, or its position with respect axes of double refraction and polarisa- sphinx, and the principal pyramid of to the axis of vision. When the object tion. These crystals, which amount to Egypt, which have been made by Cap- is such as to produce its accidental com about eighty, include all those whose tain C. and Mr Salt. By very labori. lour before it vanishes, the accidental primitive form is not the hexahe. ous excavations, which were made in colour disappears also along with the dral rrism, the obtuse rhomboid, the vain by the French savans, these gen object. The preceding experiments octohedron with a square base, the cube, tlemen have discovered that the sphinx have no connection whatever with those the regular octohedron, and the rhom- is cut out of the solid rock on which it of Mariotte, Picard, and Le Cat, relaboidal octohedron. 4. On the resolu- was supposed merely to rest. They tive to the entrance of the optic nerve. tion and combination of polarising for- found that the short descending pas- In the course of this investigation, Dr ces, and the reduction of all crystals to sage at the entrance to the pyramid, Brewster was led to a new theory of crystals with two or more axes. 5. On which afterwards ascends to the two accidental colours, which will be read crystals with three equal and rectangu- chambers, was continued in a straight at a future meeting. lar axes. These crystals amount to line through the base of the pyramid, twenty, and consist of those whose pri- into the rock upon which the pyramid

GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, mitive form is the cube, the regular oc- stands. This new passage, after jointohedron, and the rhomboidal dodeca- ing what was formerly called the well, The first meeting for business took hedron. 6. On the artificial imitation is continued forward in a horizontal place on November 21, 1817. of all the classes of doubly refracting line, and terminates in a well ten feet

A letter from R.. Anstice, Esq. accrystals. 7. On the laws of double re- deep, exactly beneath the apex of the companying a specimen of argonite fraction, for crystals with any number pyramid, and at a depth of 100 feet be from the Quantock Hills, was read. of axes.

low its base. Captain C. has likewise The Quantock Hills consist chiefly December 15.-A paper was read, discovered an apartment immediately of greywacke, but are penetrated by a which had been announced at the first above the King's chamber, and exactly bed of mountain limestone running meeting, by Dr Murray, containing of the same size and the same fine through a great part of their length. Experiments on Muriatic Acid. workmanship, but only four feet in In a quarry near the village of Mer. Jan. 5.—The continuation of Dr height.

ridge, about six miles from BridgewaMurray's paper on Muriatic Acid Gas Jan. 19.--The second part of Dr ter, is a fissure in this limestone rock, w.u read." In the preceding part of it, Ure's paper on Muriatic Acid Gas was which has been for some time famous it had appeared, that from the action read. In this part the author showed, for its calcareous stalactites. Recentof metals on muriatic acid gas, water is that the azote of the ammonia has no ly this fissure has been cleared to a deposited. It was shewn that the wa- concern in the production of the water; greater extent than before ; and Mr ter obtained in the experiments could for the whole azote, competent to the Anstice visited the spot in the month not be derived from hygrometric va- weight of salt employed, is recoverable of August last, when he found that, pour; that it could not be accounted in a gaseous form. It is then experi- after proceeding along it for about 40 for from the supposition of a portion of mentally demonstrated, that tbe sal yards, the passage suddenly became water being combined with the acid in ammoniac, resulting from the union of contracted. the gas beyond that which is strictly the two dry constituent gases, yields The narrow part being enlarged at essential to its constitution; and that it water in similar circumstances. No his desire, it was found to lead into a could not be ascribed to any lower de water could be obtained, however, by cavern about twenty yards in length, gree of oxidation of the metal being heating dry sal-ammoniac alone, or in from six to ten yards in breadth, and established. Dr Murray considered contact with charcoal, or even by pas- from three to six feet in heighth along the result of these experiments as esta- sing its vapour through ignited quartz the middle. About one-third of its sur

March 7. 1818.]
Fine Arts.-Cast from the Staluc of Moses.

263 face was covered with stalactites of ar- been of late enhanced by the addition panegyric, and is confessed to be the ragonite (flos ferri) of great beauty of a cast of the horse on the Monte Ca- sublimest production, in that branch of This cavern is situate in the greywacke; vallo at Rome, and the exhibition of a art, of the most original and elevated and Mr Anstice remarks, that the arbo- most perfect and beautiful cast of the genius of the Italian or any other school. rescences of arragonite occur only in Moses of Michael Angelo. The horse Of Michael Angelo, at once a painter, that rock, while those which are found is of the highest rank in beauty and in a sculptor, and an architect, it may be adhering to the limestone are common art; we are inclined to consider it as of said in the eloquent language of Johncalcareous stalactite.

contemporaneous date with the statue son, “ Nullum tetigit quod non ornavit." A letter was read from Mr Winch, near which it is placed, and the cele- His splendid genius overleaped the palmentioning the discovery of a tree a- brated Elgin marbles. There is a strik try boundaries which habit had conbout 28 or 30 feet long, with its branch-ing resemblance of style between it and structed around the arts, and which es, in a bed of fire-stone (one of the the horses in the latter ; the formation were only suited to meaner minds. coal sandstones) at High Heworth, of the animal is similar, the superior Like the most stupendous among cenear Newcastle. Of this organic remain character infused is to be observed in lestial bodies, his orbit was unbounded; the trunk and larger branches are sili- both; the disposition of the mane, and he carried around him an atmosphere cious ; while the bark, the small branch- above all, the similar style of execution, of his own, and for ever breathed the es, and leaves, are converted into coal ; justify the conclusion that they are of same ethereal air. He maintained his and Mr Winch remarks, that the small the same age, and probably by the expansive course, disdaining like a saveins of coal, called by the miners coal same artist. It appears evident, that tellite to tread a beaten path, and move pipes, owe their origin universally to the present groupe is incomplete; the in prescribed rotation around one only small branches of trees. Mr W. states action of the horse does not connect it- world. It has often been a subject of it as a remarkable and interesting fact, self with that of the human figure; nor inquiry in which art this divine artist that while the trunks of trees found in does it in any way denote that relation was most successful ; we cannot conthe Whitby alum shale are mineralized which one is warranted in expecting. ceive any thing finer of its kind than by calcareous spar, clay ironstone, and The human figure is in the act of de- the statue before us, and are almost iron pyrites, and their bark is convert. fensive warfare ; the horse is curvetting tempted to acknowledge its supremacy; ed into jet ; those buried in the New- with somewhat an air of offence and it is the acme of majestic and impresscastle sandstones are always mineral- passion, as if arising from a blow upon ive beauty. The late Mr Bacon's obized by silex, and their bark changed the head, or the action of the curb. servations on that art in which he exinto common coal.

There cannot, however, be a diversity celled, are admirably exemplified by A paper by Dr Berger was read, con- of opinion with regard to the individual the Moses :—“ Sculpture has indeed taining a theoretical explanation of the merits of this horse, whatever doubts had the honour,” says he, “ of giving curvature of the beds of limestone may arise as to its age, its purport, or law to all the schools of design, both which form the Jura mountains. its connection with other statues now ancient and modern, with respect to

December 5.-The reading of a paper swept away by the desolating hand of purity of form; the reason perhaps is, by Mr W. Phillips, entitled, “ Remarks time. There is the same elevation of that being divested of those meretricious on the Chalk Hills in the neighbour character to be observed as in the hu- ornaments by which painting is enabled hood of Dover, and on the green Sand man figures of the same master, the to seduce its admirers, it is happily and blue Marl overlying it near Folk- same happy union of all that can be forced to seek for its effect in the highstone," was begun.

imagined as beautiful, without overstep- er excellencies of the art,-hence eleva, December 19.— The reading of Mr ping that which is natural. You per- tion in the idea as well as purity and Phillips's paper was continued. ceive the same dignified difference be- grandeur in the forms, are found in

tween the horse and all others as you greater perfection in sculpture than in

observe in the portraiture of men by the painting."- Last edition of Chambers's FINE ARTS.

same divine artist; and the only reason Cyclopædia, article Sculpture. The why similar admiration is not excited statue from which the cast before us is

is, because the mind is less accustomed taken, is part of a monument to Pope Cast from the Statue of Moses by Mi- to contemplate this species of excel. Julius the Second, in the church of St

CHAEL ANGELO, and the Horse un lence. The pictorial anatomy and study Peter de Vincolis, and has on each side the Monte Cavallo at Rome.

of the horse is too much neglected: of it a female figure, supposed in Rome

scarcely any considerable heroic com- to be the design, but not the workmanWe conceive that no man deserves position can be produced without the ship, of Michael Angelo: the whole bebetter of the artists or amateurs of his introduction of this noble animal. And ing surmounted by a sarcophagus, country than Mr Alexander Day, the yet our schools have no professor of whereon, in a recumbent attitude, is the collector and proprietor of the works of this branch of art; nor is there any figure of bis holiness, looking down. art in the exhibition at the Royal Mews; mode of supplying the deficiency but wards with an expression of mingled he has displayed great judgment and a by consulting grooms or frequenting majesty and benignity. The figure of highly cultivated taste in the selection stables, occupations which are revolting the Prophet is seated, the head slightly of the productions with which it is en- and uncongenial to the pursuits of ar- upraised ; his right arm rests on the riched, and has, by having brought tists, whatever may be the prevalence stone tables of the law, his left is not in them to Britain, a fairer claim to the of fashion with other classes.

action; the left foot is somewhat ad. character of a true patriot than many Of the Cast of the Statue of Moses we vanced; the drapery is disposed around of those who make more noisy preten know not how to speak in terms of suf. the figure in the most masterly style sions. The value of the collection has !ficient admiration; it has exhausted all that can be conceived; the expression

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264
Arts and Sciences---Antiquities.

[March 7, 1818. of the head is of the highest order of ral of the people belonging to the Mu- and only made with straps to draw sublimity; the face is imbued with gran- seum shewed me the impressions of the round the body, without any buttons. deur, the eye sufficiently sunk to mark boots upon the plinth.

The shoes made of one piece of hide, the aged scer, the forehead prominent, “ At the villa Mattei, I saw the Se- without seam or boles, but all of raw and the beard, which falls in graceful neca in the possession of the Prince of untanned leather, on which reddishi exuberance, completes the expression Peace. This celebrated philosopher cow-hair was still visible. The shocs of this exalted performance. Those appears with a very different counte- | had over the foot, beginning at the parts of the figure which are not con- nance from the horrible one we are ac-toes, holes with thongs to draw ; oppocealed by the drapery, are exquisitely customed to see given him. He has site every hole on the outer side of the finished, the left arm is peculiary beau- the physiognomy of a true gentleman, foot, there was a li::!e star cut out, surtiful. The back of the figure, on which and is even handsome, with the mien rounded with a circle, and these stars from its being placed in a niche, less and air of one of our old courtiers. were connected with a very tasteful labour has been bestowed, is very in- “ I have seen Thirwalsen : he is a and well-defined foliage. All was in teresting; it affords some evidence of Dane, whom people would fain erect good preservation, as decay does not the progress of the artist's mind, the into a rival of Canova ; but he is about ensue for a prodigious length of time prominent forms are boldly expressed : the level of the late Chaudet. At the in the moor, on account of its resinous accuracy of anatomy and just propor- Quirinal palace there is a frise by him, parts; insomuch that in East Friestion are as observable and effective as which even there does not appear lánd, in such situations, in the middle. in the front and more finished parts of amiss; and at his house he has some of the country, lying 25 or 30 feet the statue. It must not be imagined very passable bas-reliefs; among others, higher than the daily tide, great trunks that any part of this sublime perform- one of Somnus. The Marquis Canova of trees, hazel-nuts, &c. are found; the ance is overwrought or overstudied ; on has executed a hundred and thirty sta- former of which must have been over the contrary, it evinces the most pro- tues, and he has invented a new species thrown several thousand years before found knowledge of anatomy, united to of beauty. He sacrifices the upper lip, the origin of the morass, and so by dean expression of elevation and grandeur which he makes very short, to the grees have been grown over with turf which never suffers its minute finishing beauty of the nose. What is thus lost from 10 to 12 feet deep ;-it being to appear pedantic or destructive of the in physiognomy, he atones by the gran proved, and evident, that all turf-moors, totality of effect which, in less able deur of the forehead. But Canova is as in East Friesland, Holland, &c. &c. hands, is commonly the case.

too great not to have a party against consist entirely of moss and parts of

him. He has, for example, the mis- plants. The bones of the old Fries-. ' From a History of Painting in Italy,

fortune not to please the young French lander, which were thus found in July,

artists. He was so good as to shew me had probably reposed there for more by an Anonymous Writer,

the engraving of a picture which he than 2000 years ! To judge by the or“I have many reproaches to make has painted for the church of the vil naments of the shoes, he was a rich myself, that, in speaking of Naples, the lage in which he was born, Passagno. man; perhaps his people looked upon tine statue of Aristides, at the Studj, He has not only invented a new beau- him as a sorcerer, whom his contemwas passed over ; but, in gratifying our ideal, to represent the Supreme Being, poraries, to be secure that he would curiosity, we are exhausted by the sen- who is no longer an old man, but le not appear to them after his death, sations excited, and we return home bas found a singular, though very just buried in this moor, and then covered half dead.

means of expressing his immensity. with heavy piles. As the skeleton was “ This Aristides is truly admirable ; This means is too long to describe.” found on the Mother-sand, it is clear it is in the style non-ideal, like the bust

that the body was laid there before the of Vitellius, at Genoa ; it has a drapery

origin of the moor. The dress also over it, and is upon a plinth; but it has

ANTIQUITIES.

without seams and buttons, and the been so much calcined by the lava of

shoes without soles or any seam, denote Herculaneum, that it is become almost • Jime. The English going there after Discovery of an ancient Skeleton in a very high antiquity. There had be

East Friesland. dinner, had taken to amusing them

country, shoes of a very remote age, selves with giving a spring, and leaping In the month of July this year, and which, from their surprising size, upon the plinth ; the least false motion, (1817), there was found near Friede- must have belonged to a race of men they must come upon the statue, and it burg, in the commune of Etzel, by of a very large stature; but these had is then reduced to powder. This little some persons who were digging turf, coarse and strong soles, with a thickrim, circumstance occasioned much embar- in the middle of the bog, and at the which was fastened with a strap to the rassment to Messieurs the exhibitors of bottom of the turf moor, a human ske- upper leather ; while those now found the Museum ; but how provide; by any leton. The dress and situation point were, as we have stated, without any regulations, against such a subject of out a very remote antiquity. It lay in soles. There have likewise been found disquietude? At length they hit upon a hollow, filled with mossy ground, in these moors, amber-beads, which an expedient ; they found that these kept down by strong oak piles laid were of a singular form, and drawn upgentlemen did not begin their potations across the body. The dress consisted on a thread of white and black horsebefore two o'clock, so they determined of a coarse haircloth, milled, and not hair, which likewise seem to indicate a that, for the future, the Studj should woven, without seams and buttons, with remote age. However, the ornaments be shut at two instead of four. This wide arm-holes, and a hole for the neck. cut in the raw leather, out of which the fact I have thoroughly verified ; seve- The small-clothes of the same cloth, shoes are made, on account of the core

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