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March 7. 1818.]
Voyages and Travels. several smaller marble vases. In a niche stands room. In the morning the gentlemen may ap In Derby there are many warehouses of the a cast of the Apollo Belvidere. At the end of pear in boots; but in the evening they must be beautiful vases, candlesticks, lamps, &c. which the-orangery is a temple, supported by four co- dressed as in town. The ladies, too, appear full are made of spar; a white calcareous stone, lumns of the Ionic order, which is sacred to the dressed.
which is found about three miles from Derby, is memory of the late Duke of Bedford, brother to The diuner consists of every thing that a good used for similar purposes. Brown's warehouse the present duke. Within is a cabinet, with a kitchen can afford. The table-service is very for these articles appeared to us the most comgilded cieling, in which are placed the busts of handsome ; often you are served in silver gilt
. plete. The utensils and ornaments of dark blue Fox, and of his friends, General Fitzpatrick, After the soup cold punch is presented; after spar were particularly beautiful. Some were Lords Lauderdale, Robert Spencer, Grey, Hol- this, custom requires that you take a glass of shewn to us, consisting of a single piece, and land, and Hervey. A Chinese pavillion is adorn- wine, according to the choice of the lady of the which are fifteen inches in height, and nine or ed with furniture and vessels from China and house, and drink her health. Afterwards, when ten inches in diameter. The most beautiful Japan; and a menagerie contains many rare you wish to drink, it is the custom to invite ac- pieces, of a dark blue, inclining to violet, are not animals. We have not seen any where å park quaintance, or those who sit next you, to join quite of their natural colour, but are changed by so well stocked with deer as that of Woburn. you. Every body helps to the dish that stands the operation of heat. These pretty creatures are so 'tame that they before him. At the dessert, the ladies withdraw, After spar is sawed, the vessels are turned come up to the very windows of the chateau. the servants are dismissed, and the claret bottle upon the lathe, with steel tools. A steam en
The farm is at the distance of half a mile begins to circulate from the left hand. After gine sets in motion four large sawing machines, from the house, and, including all its dependen- that the gentlemen go to the ladies in the draw. as well as the various turning lathes. cies, looks like a little village. Many remark-ing-room, or into the library, enter into conversa The iron foundry produces founder's work of able things are to be seen here ; among which is tion, and every one leaves the company when die every kind. Steam engines are also manufaca steam-engine, which puts in motion a machine thinks proper.
tured here, the action of which is calculated to for thresbing corn, and two mills. The manner Riding and hunting are the principal diver- produce the effect of the labour of the number of in which the motion is produced by the steam- sions. In the first the ladies take a great share. horses whose place it is to supply. The prices engine, is extremely ingenious; but a clear idea The fox-chace, with dogs, is rather a dangerous of these engines are as follows: of it cannot be given without a drawing. pleasure, because you are obliged to leap your The present duke is brother to him who is so horse over hedges and ditches. They also hunt
Of one-horse power......L.100 sterling.
two ditto......... 170 well known as an agriculturist, and who also hares. The dogs are extremely well broke, and
three ditto.............. 220 erected all the buildings on this fine estate. the fowling-pieces excellent.
· four ditto...... During bis life, agricultural pursuits were car As every rich land-owner passes a part of the ried on here with great activity. The time of winter in the country, relations and neighbours From this foundry we went to a manufactory sheep-shearing, about the middle of June, was meet together, and the company is numerous of porcelain. The paste (or clay) is good, but observed as a rural festival, at which three or enough to supply the place of the circles in the painting is very indifferent. The colours, four hundred persons were present.
town. The prevailing ton is pleasing, free, bnt with the exception of the blue, are not at all The country through which you travel after strictly decorous; and the hospitality and polite- beautiful. The lathe is set in motion by a large leaving Woburn, is rather monotonous, though ness that you meet with here, must afford plea- wheel, moved by a child. This is advantageous well cultivated; but as soon as you get into the sure to every one who is capable of appreciating to the workman who gives the form, because not county of Leicester, the country and the culti. their value.
being obliged to tread with his foot, he can hold vation change. In the higher position, on ac The arrangement and furniture of the rooms faster, and work with greater certainty and account of the abundance of meadow-land, the are extremely convenient. In these country curacy. breeding of cattle is the chief object of atten- seats you find every thing combined that can T'wo canals unite at Derby and pour their tion.
tend to the material, or the intellectual enjoy- waters into the Derwent. We left town on the On the 6th we arrived at Leicester. The ments of life. The intercourse with the ladies, 10th. The country becomes more and more irhouses are built of bright red bricks, and covered who, in general, possess much and various know- regular. The eminences are entirely cultivated. with slates, which has a very neat appearance. ledge, and often more than the men, affords all at a pretty village, the road divides into two Wilson's foundery was the first manufactory that that you can wish. If to this be added the per- branches, one of which leads to Belper, the other we saw in this town. It produces en machines, fectly unconstrained mode of living, it is easy to to Wirksworth. We took the latter. It conend other curious things. The horizontal wind conceive the charms of a country life; and it tinually ascends, and the country becomes gramills, for which Wilson has a patent, are un seems very natural that the English nobility and dually more barren. Here, as well as in other commonly beautiful.
gentry should reside in the metropolis only dur- parts of England, we meet men on horseback, The manufactory of Mr Kelly for knitting-ing the sittings of parliament.
with women sitting behind them, on a saddle work, is very considerable. A steam engine puts The cathedral of Litchfield, where we arrived contrived for the purpose. In the neighbourhood of in motion fourteen large looms. By this means on the 9th of November 1815, is built in the Wirksworth, the openings of the mines are to be this manufactory is able to furnish for fourteen most ancient style. In this cathedral there is a seen on all the surrounding hills. shillings the same goods which formerly cost for monument of the celebrated Garrick. From The lead-mines in the county of Derby proty: The produce of the establishment is very Litchfield the road lies along the side of the duce annually five or six thousand tons. In maconsiderable. They sell. every week seven or great canal, through a beautiful valley. This ' ny of them the lead is mixed with calamine,
eight hundred dozen of braces (bretelles). A canal crosses the river Trent, over which it is which is separated in reverberatory furnaces, quantity of these goods go to America.
conducted by means of a brick bridge (or aque- then calcined, pounded, and washed. Near Ashley we saw the first iron rail-road. duct) supported by twelve arches.
In a valley near Cromford, we were shewn a The waggons used on these roads have four small At Derby we halted. The town lies upon great cotton mill, which was erected by Sir Ri. low light wheels of cast-iron. On these four the river Derwent, at the foot of the mountains chard Arkwright in 1792. It was he who first wheels stands a square kind of chest. The wag- which form the north side of the county of Der- introduced into England the great cotton mills, gon is drawn by one horse.
by, and all containing mines. Of the five churches and led to the fourishing state of this branch of On the 7th we arrived at Beaudesert, a fine in this town, that of All Saints is admired on industry. seat belonging to the Marquis of Anglesea. Dur-account of its steeple, which was built in the In the neighbourhood of Matlock we saw a ing our stay there, we were enabled to form an reign of Henry Vni. and, as we are informed, spring, which possesses the property of covering idea of the mode of living of the rich English is 178 feet in height. We examined a silk mill, things that are dipped in it, in the space of six land owners. Before nine o'clock in the morn- which is remarkable as being the first that was minutes, with a calcareous crust. The water is ing nobody is to be seen. At ten, the company erected in England. John Lombe, the person lukewarm, being of the temperature of 68 deassemble in the drawiog-room, where an ample who erected it, had travelled to Italy for the grees of Fahrenheit. The proprietor of the breakfast is provided, which consists of tea, bread purpose of procuring drawings and models of the spring, which is in a cavern that is closed up, and butter, toast
, eggs, cutlets, &c. This break- very ingenious and complicated machines which has built a shed, or but, near it, in which the infast lasts an hour ; then the company separate, are employed in that country. In the year 1716 crusted things are sold; they consist of eggs, and every one employs or amuses himself as he he obtained a patent for fourteen years. This little baskets, skulls of animals, birds' nests, &c. thinks fit till dinner, which is served up at six mill furnishes three or four hundred weight of the sale of them is considerable, especially to or seven o'clock. Half an hour before dinner, spun silk per week, and employs between two the company who come to take the waters at the company meet in the library or drawing and three hundred workmon.
Matlock The crust which thus covers the ar
[March 7. 1818. ticles put into the water is of a brown colour. of Bey of the Maina, and in that character them with great celerity, and small masts, with The warm springs at Matlock were discovered discharged all the public duties of a sovereign ; Latine şails, are also used when the winds are in the seventeenth century. There are three though, in the country itself, his power rested favourable. Every chief had one or more of these, bathing bouses, and sufficient rooin for four hun- merely on the voluntary obedience of the other and all exercised piracy as freely, and with the dred persons.
chiefs, and his jurisdiction in fact extended on same sentiments as appear to have prevailed ac We went down into the celebrated cavern, ly over his own immediate dependents. As the mong the heroes of the Odyssey, and early inhaknown by the name of Cumberland's cavern. It population of this district exceeded its means of bitants of Greece. did not appear to us very interesting, except for supply, the Mainiots imported from the Turks “ Habits like these, it may well be supposed, mineralogists, who visit it with a hammer in wheat, maize, and other articles of provision, had a correspondent effect on the national chatheir hands, and make a rich collection of crys- and further contributed to their support by pira- racter. Their freedom, though turbulent and ill tallizations of spar, &c. We were told that cy and plunder, whenever they could conveni regulated, produced the effects of freedom; they finer specimens were to be found in Rutland's ently accomplish their predatory designs. Ac- were active, industrious, and intelligent. Among cavern, on the other side of Matlock. They knowledging the titulary supremacy of the Porte, their chiefs I found men tolerably well versed in have lately discovered in it, copper combined they paid the charach or capitation tax only the modern Romaic literature, and some wbo had with vitriol. In Matlock, as well as Derby, when it suited them; and threw off their sub- sufficient knowledge of their ancient language to there are magazines of Spar vases. That of mission, when it was rendered unnecessary by a read Herodotus and Xenophon, and who were Messrs Brown and Mawe contains an uncom- favourable year or any extraordinary sources of well acquainted with the revolutions of their monly beautiful collection of these afticles. We supply. By such rebellion they had frequently country. Their independence and their vietories saw here specimens of the newly discovered va drawn upon them the vengeance of their power- had given them confidence, and they possessed rieties of the red spar. We were informed that ful neighbours; but, supported by the peculiar the lofty mind and attachment to their country Mr Mawe is one of the first mineralogists in position of their country, the Mainiots had as which has every where distinguished the inhabiEngland: he has written a work on the mine- often repelled invaders; and their very women, tants of mountainous and free districts, whether rals of Derbyshire.
who are described as being well acquainted with in Britain, Switzerland, or Greece. The robbery (To be continued.)
the use of arms, have more than once poured and piracy they exercised indiscriminately in
ruin upon them from the walls of some strong their roving expeditions they dignified by the Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic built tower or well situated village.
name of war; but though their hostility was treaTurkey; Edited from Manuscript Journals. The passes of the interior part of the coun- cherous and cruel, their friendship was in violable. By ROBERT WALPOLE, M. A.
try are known only to the natives; and to pene. The stranger that was within their gates, was a The memoirs comprised in these volumes, are trate along the coast, while the Mainiots are in sacred title, and not even the Arabs were more Forty in number; and when we add, that they possession of the mountains, would require cour attentive to the claims of hospitality. When we were written by Drs Sibthorp and Hunt, Pro- rage and discipline very superior to such as are delivered our letters of recommendation to a fessor Carlyle, Messrs Wilkins, Morrit, Haw- generally displayed by the Turkish soldiery. In chief, he received us with every mark of friend, kins, Haygarth, Raikes, and Davison, the late the war conducted by Lambro, with Russian mo ship, escorted us every where while we staid, and Colonel Squire, Captain Light, and other ac ney, the Mainiots were found so troublesome to conducted us safely to the house of his nearest complished scholars, our readers will be enabled the Turks, that a combined attack was made up- neighbour, where he left us under the protection to judge of the rich and diversified instruction on their country, by the fleet under the Capou- of his friend; there we again staid a short time, and entertainment whieh Mr Walpole has here dan Pasha, which landed troops upon their coast, and were forwarded in the same manner to a presented to their notice.
and the forces of the Morea, which marched at third. To pass by such a chief's dwelling withThe first article is an account of a journey the same time from Misitra. The number of out stopping to visit it, would have been deemed through the district of Maina, (part of the an- these two armies, probably exaggerated, was rat an insult, as the reception of strangers was a cient Laconia,) in the Morea, performed by Mred by the Mainiots at 20,000 men. The result privilege highly valued. While a stranger was Morrit in the year 1795. The Mainiots, having of the attack by sea was pointed out to me near under their protection, his safety was their first long maintained their independence against the Cardamyle; a heap of whitening bones in a dell object; an insult to such a person would have pashas of the Morea, and the agents of the near the town, the remains of the Turks, who, aroused in their breasts the strongest incitements Porte, guarded their frontiers with such jealousy, after suffering the severest privations, were not to revenge; his danger would have induced them that travellers journeying under Turkish protec- so fortunate us the rest in finding a refuge in to sacrifice even their lives to his preservation, tion, found it difficult to penetrate their country. their fleet. The attack by land was equally dis as his suffering any injury would have been an ----Undeterred, however, by the reports which he astrous After .a fruitless attempt to advance indelible disgrace to the family where it happenbad received of their piratical and predatory and burning a few inconsiderable villages, their ed.” character, Mr Morritt entered this region by army was obliged to retire, harassed by the fury The Majpiots profess the faith of the Greek Calamata, a small but populous town, principally of the people, while another party of the Maini. church, and, like most of the members of that inhabited by Greeks, who were subject to the ots burst into the plain of the Eurotas, drove off church, were exceedingly superstitions. The softpasha of the Morea, and situated at a short dis- whatever they could plunder, and in the flames er sex were treated with respect, and partook tance from the sea, on the eastern side of the of Misitra, a considerable Turkish town, expiat- with their husbands in the duties of domestic life, beautiful and extensive plain of Messenia. This ed the trifling mischief they had sustained at while they also shared with them the dangers of town was formery subject to the Venetians, ma- home.
the field. At Kitrees, Mr Morritt was entertainny vestiges of whose architecture still remain; “Such are the stories at least which I hearded with great hospitality dy Zanetachi Kutuphaand in consequence of its contiguity to the Mai- repeated by their chiefs, and which the common ri, formerly bey of the Maina. The account of na, whether its Greek inhabitants, and those of people no less delighted to tell. Though easily unit- this chieftain, and of his niece Helena te wbom its surrounding districts could easily remove both ed, when threatened by the Turk, yet frequent feuds the place belonged, is so curious and interesting, their persons and their effects, these people en- and petty warfare too often arose between their that we cannot resist the temptation of presentjoyed a larger measure of liberty and security of chiefs at home; these feuds, however, preserved ing it to our readers. property, than falls to the lot of those Greeks, alive the martial spirit of the people, and they “ The house consisted of two towers of stone, who unhappily are subject to all the caprice were, perhaps, on this account, more successful exactly resembling our own old towers upon the and rapacity of their Turkish governors. in their resistance than they would have been if borders of England and Scotland ; a row of offi.
The government of the Maina, at the time it their government was more settled, and they had 'ces and lodgings for servants, stables, and open was visited by Mr Morritt, resembled in many enjoyed'a more uninterrupted peace. By sea their sheds, inclosing a court, the entrance to which respects the ancient establishment of the high- warfare was still more inextinguishable. They was through an arched and embattled gateway. land clans in Scotland ; being divided into pet- infested with their row-boats every corner of the On our approach, an armed retainer of the fa: ty districts, under the command of a capitano or Cyclades and Morea, and made a lawful prize of mily came out to meet us, spoke to our guard ehief, whose usual residence was a fortified tow- any vessel that was too weak for resistance ; or who attended us from Myla. He returned with er, the resort of his family and clan in times of entered by night into the villages and dwellings him to the castle, and informed the chief, who peace, and their refuge during war. These near the shore, carrying off whatever they could hastened to the gate to welcome us, surrounded chieftains were independent of each other, the find. Boats of this sort, called here Trattas, 4- by a crowd of gazing attendants, all surprised at judges of their people at home, and their leaders bounded in every creed, they are long and nar- the novelty of seeing English guests. We were when they took the field. The most powerful row like canoes, ten, twenty, and even thirty received, however, with the most cordial welcapitano of the district usually assumed the title men, each armed with a rifle and pistols, row come, and shewn to a comfortable room on the
March 7. 1318.
277 principal Noor of the lower, inhabited by himself and open sleeves, also richly embroidered. On ries of Constantinople. Aided by the powerful and his family; the other tower being the resi- her head was a green velvet cap, embroidered influence of Lord Elgin, then British ambassa. dence of the Capitana'ssa, his niece, for that was with gold, and appearing like a coronct, and a dor at the Porte, Dr Hunt and the late Profes. the title she bore.
white and gold maslin shawl fixed on the right sor Carlyle penetrated even into the royal libra “ Zanetachi Kutuphari was a venerable figure, shoulder, and passed across her bosom under the ries in the seraglio, and those lelonging to the thongh not above the age of fifty-six. His fiinily lett arın floated over the coronet, and hung to schools, mosques, and colleges of the dervises at consisted of a wife and four daughters, the two the ground behind her:
Constantinople, as well as into the libraries at. youngest of which were children. They inhabit “ fler uncle's dress was equally magnificent tached to the Greek churches, The result of ed the apartment above ours, and were, on our He wore a close vest with open sleeves of white their laborious investigations has proved, that in arrival, introduced to us. The old chief, who and gold embroidery, and a short Dlack velvet none of those vast collections of books was there. himself had dined at an earlier hour, sat down, mantle with sleeves edyed with sables. T'he a single classical fragment to be found, either however, to eat with us, according to the estab- sash which held his pistols and his poignard was original or translated. The volumes were in lished etiquette of tiospitality here, while his wife a shawl of red and gold. His light blue trow- Arabic, Persian, or Turkish; and of all of them and the two younger children waited on us, not sers were gathered at the knee, and below them Professor Carlyle took exact catalogues. Besides withstanding our remonstrances, according to the were close gaiters of blue cloth with gold em several oriental MSS. relating to history and custom of the country, for a short time, then re: broidery, and silver gilt bosses to protect the an- poetry, which since his lamented death liare tired, and lett a female servant to attend us and cles. When he left the house, he flung on his been purchas.d by the East-India company, Prohim.
At night beds and matresses were spread soullers a rich cloth mantle with loose sleeves, fessor C. and Dr Hunt obtained and sent to Linon the floor, and pillows and sheels, embroidered which was blue without and red within, em don twenty seven copies of different parts of the and composed of broad stripes of muslin and co.broidercd with gold in front and down the sleeves New Testament, besides un Arabic and a Fer. loured siłk, were brought in. These articles, we in the most sumptuous manner. His turban was sian version. These are now deposited in the found, were manufactured at home by the women green and gold; and, contrary to the Turkish archiepiscopal library at Lamleth. of the family; as the Greeks themselves in varia- custom, his grey hair hung down below it. The Next follow some interesting delaiis respect. bly wear their under garments when they sleep, dress of the lower orders is in the same forn, ing the agriculture of modern Attica, by Dr Sibthe inconvenience of such a bed is little felt. with the necessary variations in the quality of thory; who, though he was fortunate enough to
“ As the day after our arrival at Kiirees was the materials and absence of the ornaments. It discover some beautiful plants on the celebrated easter Sunday, we of course remained there, and differed considerably from that of the Turks, and moant Hymettus, eould not succeed in procuring had an opportunity of witnessing and partaking the shoes were made either of yellow or untanned even a taste of its far-famed honey. in the universal festivity which prevsiled not leather, and litled tightly to the foot. The hair only in the castle, but in the villages of the was never shaved; and the women wore gowns
AFRICA. country round it. In every Greek house a lamb like those of the west of Europe, instead of being Accounts have been received from Sierra Le. is killed at this season, and the utmost rejoicing gathered at the ancles like the loose trousers of one of the return to that place of the scientific prevails. We dined with Zanetachi Kutuphari the east.
expedition equipped for the purpose of exploring and his family at their usual hour, of half-past “ In the course of the afternoon we walked the interior of Africa by land. lis complete eleven in the forencon, and after our dinner were into some of the neighbouring villages; the in- failure aflords an additional proof of the extreme received in much state by lis niece Helena habitants were every where dancing and enjoy impolicy of attempting to accomplish this desirin her own apartments. She was in fact the ing themselves on the green; and those of the able object by means of numerous bodies of men, lady of the castle, “and chief of the district round houses and little harbours of Kiirees, with the whose appearance naturally excites the jealousy it, which was her own by inheritance from her crews of two small boats that were moored there, and fear of the inhabitants. After having adfather. She was a young widow, and still re. were employed in the same way till late in the vanced 150 miles into the interior from Rio Nile tained much of her beauty; her manners were evening. We found our friend Zane tachi wellnez, its progress was there stopped by a native pleasing and dignified. An audience in form acquainted with both the ancient and modern chief; and, after four months spent in unavail. from a young woman accompanied by her sister, state of Maina, having been for several years ing endeavours to obtain permission to proceed, who sat near her, and a train of attendant fe- the Bey of that district. From him I derived the enterprise was abandoned. Nearly all the males in the rich and elegant dress of the coun- much of the information to which I have recourse animals died. The troop lost several officers, try, was a novelty in cur tour, and so unlike the in describing the manners and principles of the besides major Peddie, the original commande, customs which prevailed within a few short miles Maniots. He told me that in case of necessity, and his successor Captain Campbell; but it is from the spot where we were, that it seemed like on an attack from the Turks, the numbers they remarkable, that out of about 200 privates oply an enchantment of romance. The Capitanessa could bring to act, consisting of every man in one died. Captain Campbell expired two days alone was seated at our entrance, wlio, when the country able to bear 1117s, amounted to about after their return to Rio Nunez, and was buried she had offered us chairs, requested her sister to 12.000. All of these were trained to the use of with another officer on the same spot where Masit down near her, and ordered her attendants to the riile even from their childhood, and after they jor Peddie and one of his officers were interied bring coffee and refreshments. We were much grew up were possessed of one without which on their advance. struck with the general beauty of the Mainiotihey never appeared ; and, indeed, it was as The last number of the Annals of Philosophy women here, which we afterwards found was not much a part of their dress as a sword formerly contains a very interesting account of a mission confined to Kitrees, we remarked it in many was of an English gentleman. Their constant sent to the King of Ashantee, a country of Guj. other villaves; and it is of a kind that from their familiarity with this weapon had rendered them nea, by direction of the African Society. The babits of life would noť naturally be expected. singularly expert in the use of it. There are mission consisted of three gentlemen, (two wriWith the same fine features that prevail among fields near every village where the boys practice ters and a medical man,) who set out foom Cape the beauties of Italy and Sicily, they have the at the target; and even the girls and the wo Coast Castie on the 21st of April 1817; and, atdelicacy and transparency of complexion, with men took their parts in this martial amusement." ter a circuitous route, calculated at from 150 to the brown or auburn hair, which seems peculiar Prosccuting his journey through this interest | 200 miles, arrived at Cormarcie, the capital to the colder regions. Indeed, from the vicinity ing little district, Mr Morritt was every where where they experienced a favourable reception to the sea, the summers liere are never intensely received with kindness and hospitality. He has from the king. Their intercourse was, of nehot, nor are the winters severe in this southern given several notices of remains of classical an-cessity, ut first carried on through the dubious climate. The same causes in some of the Greek tiquity, for which we must refer our readers to medium of interpreters: but the envoy in a short islands produce the same efiect, and the women the volume, as also for the late Dr Silthorp's time acquired the language of the country, and are much more beautiful in general than those valuable remarks illustrating part of Me M.'s thus was enabled to open a direct communicaof the same latitude on the continent. The men, journey, and his numerous observations on the lion with the king. The embassy still remained too, are a well proportioned and active race, not Botany and Natural History of the Morea. at Cormarcie, when the last vessels sailed from above the middle size, but spure, sinewy, and The account of the " Journey from Parium the coast. Letters have been received from muscular.
to the Troad, and the ascent to Mount Idu,' persons of the embassy, and from a communica“ The Capitanessa wore a light blue shawl including the salt sprinus of Toúlsa, and the Lion of authenticity, the following particulars goun embroidered with gold; a sash tied loosely ruins of Assos, is principally taken from the arc extracted :round her waist; and a short vest without sleeves Journals of Dr Hunt. It contains a variety of Cormarcie is situated in 6 deg. 30 min. N. ła. of embroidered crimson velvet. Over these was particulars, highly interesting to the classical titude. The space which it occupies is vaguely a dush green velvet Polonese inuntle, with wide scholar, especially the description of the libra- cstiwaled at somewhat less than that of Liver
[March 7. 1818. pool. None of the buildings exceed one storey obtained, either from washing the -sandy earth, and inally of his decapitation. Whenever the in height; they are all constructed of wattled or in barter from the Dinkaras and Walsaw's. king goes to visit the tombs of his ancestors, he bamboo, having the interstices filled up with It is the custom of the king (Poco) to sit three is obliged to propitiate them by the slaughter of clay; the doors and the windows are very rough-times each day in public, in order to hear and from six to twelve human beings. The son of ly executed, and are made of a soft spongy wood decide disputes; and the generals, captains, and the king of Akim, a child seven or eight years on the silk-cotton tree (bombax). The houses caboceers, also pay their respects to him three old, taken at the conquest of the country, was are each surrounded with a court-yard. The times a day, when he regales them with palm- placed in a brass pan on a man's head, the paluce stands in the centre of the town, and is wine. The laws arc very severe, death being people dancing round him in front of the chief å very extensive buikling, or rather cluster of the general punishment; but the sentence may, temple or fetish house; he was then ripped open, buildings. The streets, from 15 to 20 feet wide, in many cases, be commuted for a large sum of his head cut off, and the mangled carcase thrown arc arranged parallel and at right angles to one money. The gainer of a cause always pays the into the inclosure of the temple, as a present another; and there are two spacious market- expences of the suit. It is not unusual, in cases from the king. The daily sight of similar cruelplaces. The town is surrounded by a ditch, where the king is a party, for hiin to submit his ties produces its natural effect on the manners which a'ways contains water, even in the driest cause to the determination of the caboceers and of the people, who make no scruple of sacrificing scasous, and during the rains is of considerable other principal men. If the aiair is decided a- any person at the instigation of revenge or gain! breadth. It is crossed by bridges in various gainst him, as happens not unfrequently, it is his and though no one by law is allowed to sacrifice parts. The surrounding country is composed of custom to make an apology, and a proportionate a human being, without the consent of the king low hills, and valleys between; and abounds in compensation to the injured party. The govern. being previously obtained, yet it is frequently underwood, intermixed with abundance of large ment, however, is a pure despotism, and the sove- done by the rich, either as an offering to their trees : which latter, however, are applied to no reign is the universal beir. One of his generals, ancestors or from respect to their own fetish. use, their timber being too hard to be worked by the second in command in his army, having of- The ditch round the town is the general recepthe tools of the natives. Cotton is cultivated in fended him, the king deprived him of his com- tacle for these dead bodies, in consequence of gardens in the suburbs, and also grows plentiful- mand; took away his 300 wives and his slaves, which all water for domestic use is obtained Ży about the country. The same is the case with leaving only two of each for his use, and appoint- from wells. tobacco; but the consumption of this article in ed him overseer of the ferry over the Bossumpra, The dress of the higher classes is chiefly silks, all its usual forms being very great, their are and of the fishing-canoes. After the degraded or finely wrought cloths, the manufacture of their large quantities of Portuguese roll-tobacco an- favourite had occupied his new post for about six own country, intermixed with silk, which they nually imported into the country.
weeks, he was found hanging, having first dis- obtain by unravelling the manufactured silk Almost the only fruits cultivated here are pa-patched his wives and slaves.
which they get from European traders, and inpaws, oranges, limes, and a few pine-apples; the The wives of the king are said to amount to terweaving it with their own cotton. A profutwo former are in abundance.
3234! They inhabit a particular quarter of the sion of gold ornaments are also worn. The lower No kinds of corn are cultivated, the inhabi- city, which is walled in; and it is death for any orders wear cotton cloths of blue, white and tants depending chiefly for subsistence on yams person even to pass near the gate leading to black stripes, the manufacture of their own coun. and plantains. Ground nuts are grown in large their residence. When any of them walk abroad, try: whence it may be inferred, that the Indian quantities, and are principally used by the trad- they are attended by a train of boys and eunuchs, and Manchester articles, which they purchase ers on their journies; they are first roasted, and and by a giard, who shoot without scruple all on the coast, are employed in their commerce then made into a coarse fiour, and in this state who do not fly on their approach.
with the interior of Africa. form the most portable kind of food. Sweet po. Human sacrifices are so frequent as to render The only river which the embassy passed on tatoe, ochre, and tomata, are also cultivated to Cormarcie, on this account, a very disgusting re- its way to Ashantee is the Bossumpra. It flows a considerable extent. Cassava is grown only sidence for an European. “ They play with a through the Assim country: about four days jouras food for hors and cattle. They prepare palm- man,” as they term it, every forty-three days. A ney from Cormarcie it is as broad as the Thames oil, but it always fetches a high price. Palm- criminal, or, if none is to be had, a prisoner of at Vauxball, and is deep. Ilence it takes an wine is the common fermented liquor of the war, it of high rank the more acceptable, is easterly direction, entering the Akim country country, and is very largely consumed.
brought out to an open space, and taken posses- at the back of Asia. It is not navigable, being The animal food consists of mutton, beef, buf- sion of by twelve or fourteen men, hideously obstructed by rocks and numerous falls, and is falo, hogs, deer, and monkeys, which latter are painted, and dressed in tiger-skins, each being supposed to be the Voltas or a branch of that the most esteemed Neither the king nor any armed with two knives. They commence by river. Eighteen miles north of Cormarcie runs of his family taste beef, it being contrary to his thrusting a knite through the cheek, transtixing the river Tando, which at this place is a broad religion or fortish.
the tongue, so as to prevent their victim from deep stream, it appears to run west, and is proElephants and camels abound : but neitler uttering any cries; they then insert a knife near bably a branch of the river of Assinee. The the one nor the other are domesticated. Pan- the shoulder blade, on each side of the back- rains never set in at Cormarcie before the month thers are both numerous and daring, even in the bone ; and, lastly, pass a cord through the car- of August. very skirts of the town; from three to four per- tilage of the nose. The poor wretch is then The territory of Ashantee proper is but of sons nightly being carried off out of their houses. made to dance, and is mangled with deliberate small extent; but the whole kingdon, including
There is said to be a gold mine near the ca- cruelty for five or six hours. He is then led be- the conquered countries, is reputed to extend pital, which, nowever, the king will not allow to fore the king's residence, that the sovereign may from the capital 20 days journey to the east, 15 be worked, all the supplies of this metal being / be gratified by the spectacle of lus last suflerings, to the west, 12 to the south, and 10 to the north.
THE FLIGHT OF GOODNESS.
ORIENTAL MELODIES. Hlad shrunk—and the wave fronı it's source was He looked to the shores, and the people around receding;
them It sound us in gladness, and left us in gloom! - But there could no traces of Goodness be seen! I.
God looked on the earth from the sapphire his He looked to the isles, and the waters that bound tbrone
themGod looked on the earth from his throne in the But, oh! let us grieve, since our glory is gone ; But, ah! it was there, as it never had been! sky-
(dry: He looked for the good—but he found not one! God looked on the earth from the sapphire his Tere Goodness bad ceas'd--for its fountain was
throneThe stream that had watered the garden of Eden, God looked from his starry pavilion on high, But, oh! let us griere since our g'ory is gone;
And hallowed tbe landscape eternal in bloom, And stretching below did the universe lie : He looked for the good--but be found not one!
March 7, 1818.]
Poetry. Chronicle of Publit Events,
He bow'd to the blast; he was weary and worn;
The fairy-forun'd hope that had danced with But, oh! -Where shall I find me bread,
its beam, And water for thy child.
Soon perish'd and pined in the mists of the morn, III.
And shew'd him that life, love, and all were a Farewell! -ungrateful roof-farewell!
dream! In thee, nor love, nor pity dwell,
Like the star in the storm, like the bow in the Nor sympathy for sad distress !
(fleeting; To future times my visions wing
Its light look'd to Heaven, its flashes were Great nations from the archer spring
It was dim, but the tear only brighten'd his eye; Of Paran's wilderness.
It was bright, but the smile only welcom'd the
Bonny Doon, roll thy waters, and green be thy LINES ON BURNS.
Lovely Ayr, kiss the willows that weep o'er Said to have been written with a pencil on the Tho' cold hangs the harp that first gave its lays, the wall of the room in which he was born. Tho' the bard that first bless'd thee now sleeps
in the grave.
Whom fortune, fate, and friends could scorn:
Smiled on the babe, and blessed him sleeping; On a Monument at Monkton Combe to the Me-
mory of Mrs Shute, of Sydenham, and her And oft that smile wouid turn to weeping.
daughters, who were unfortunately drowned
at Chepstow, on Sunday *, September 20, She breathed him in a blus bing minute,
1912; written by Mr Campbell, author of
Were warm, and wishing to be nigh. In deep submission to the will above,
Yet with no common cause for human tears,
This stone, for the lost partner of his love,
And for his children lost-a mourner rears. And gave to Love his infant numbers,
The boy soon learn'd the darling theme. One fatal nioment, one o'erwhelming doom, They came to bis ear, like those sounds of merry His Mary, Margʻret
, in their early bloom,
Tore three-fold from his heart the ties of carth, morn,
[star draweth near; That break upon the sleeper, when the day.
And her who gave them life, and taught them
Farewell! ye broken pillars of my fate,
Yet, while this silent stone I consecrate
To conjugal, paternal love, forlorn; They scatter'd his path with the fairest of Oh! may each passer by the lesson learn, flowers;
Which can alone the bleeding heart sustain,
The brighter they beam the sooner it lours. That, to the pure in heart, “ to die is gain.”
church on that day, and heard a sermon fron
CHRONICLE OF PUBLIC EVENTS.
A compromise between the cabinets of Spain |pendence. He is establishing a large army ae.
and Portugal, respecting the settlements of the cording to the European model. He has pur- , In France the chambers are wading through Rio Plata, is understood to have been agreed up-chased two frigates at Calcutta to protect the the interminable projet respecting the army.-on through the intervention of the allied powers. commerce of his subjects on the Red sea. He The pretended dauphin has been tried, and sen- I'rigates belonging to all the European powers gives the greatest encouragement to commerce tenced to seven years imprisonment --There has have appeared on the coasts of South America. and the different arts and sciences. European been an attempt to assassinate the Duke of Wel The death of the king of Sweden has been manufacturers are well received, lington as he entered the gate of his hotel in Pa- announced. He is succeeded by Bernadotte. The loss at Martinique, from the late burriris.
Forty distinct shocks of earthquakes are stat-cane, is estimated at 25 millions of francs. NineAccounts from Germany state that the empe-ed to have been felt at Herwul Baga, in India. lenths of the shipping have been wrecked, and ror of Austria is about to resume the title of em The pacha of Egypt is employing every expe. about 1000 of the inhabitants have perished. peror of Germany.
dient for the purpose of maintaining his inde