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Sept. 27, 1817.)
American Literature.

39 our abuse and exaggerations to meet the enemy with frankness teristic brevity-o" Gentlemen, I have nothing to say till you first and sincerity, and to perpetuale, by mutual offices of good will tell me whether Captain Gordon is in sight of Alexandria or not." and charity, the alliance between us. We may perhaps find, that They replied he was not.-" Well then, gentlemen, I am ready treachery and England are not precisely synonimous, and that the to negotiate with you, and now all I have to say is, that we want marauding Cockburn could display the feelings of a gentleman. provisions, and must have them—but let me tell you, for every

While upon this subject, we cannot avoid deprecating the spi- | article we take you shall be allowed a fair price."
rit of hostility which some of our writers endeavour to keep up Scarcely had these gentlemen lest the town, when one of the
towards England. We admit that many of the remarks which officers entered, and said, that the bank could not be burned,
issue from the English press are injurious and irritating. But one without injuring private property.

“ Well then," said he loudly,
party or the other must begin to conciliale ; and if we have come “ pull it down. Admiral," said I, “ you do not wish to burn
off from the contest as gloriously and triumphantly as many of | private property." “ No," said he, “ I do not, but this is public
our countrymen think, it is in the highest degree ungenerous to property.”—" No, Sir," continued I, “ the United States have no
return the insults of our fallen foe. At all events, the malignity | bank here now-this is altogether private property." '-" Are you
of a few worthless hirelings ougbt not to be regarded, for the good certain of that ?" said he." Yes, Sir, I pledge my honour it is
sense of the English public cannot long be biassed by their misre. || private property.”-“Well then," said he to the officer, “ let it
presentations. We think more nobly of the country of Washing. | alone."
ton and Hamilton, than to believe it stands in need of the waspish As Commodore Barney lay on the battle ground, badly wound-
and irritated defences that have been made for it at home.

ed, and helpless, and his men by his own order retreated from Philadelphia True American. him, he beckoned to an English soldier to come to his assistance.

The soldier instantly stepped up, and rendered the required serIn the meantime General Ross came up, to whom I was intro. vice with alacrity.

" You are a noble fellow," said the commo. duced. He had just come in time to infer, from what Admiral | dora, “ and I am sorry I have not a purse for you: but here's my Cochrane had said, that my house had been robbed. In a tone gold watch, you are welcome to it." No, Sir,” replied the . that will for ever endear him to me as a perfect gentleman, he Englishman," I can assist a brave man, without being paid for it." observed, that he was very sorry to hear that my house had been An American gentleman observed to Admiral Cockburn, “ that disturbed, and begged I would tell him which it was, and he would if Washington had been alive, you would not have gotten to this order a sentinel to guard it." This is my house, Sir," said I. city so easily."-" No, Sir," replied the Admiral, “ if General With an amiable embarrassment he replied, " Why, Sir, this is Washington had been president, we should not have thought of the house we had pitched on for our head.quarters." I told him coming here." “ I was glad of it, and regretted that he had not taken it earlier, On the 25th, (Aug. 1814), as the general and admiral were as my property would then have been protected.”—He observed, standing on the pavement at my door, a dirty looking woman, “ be could not think of trespassing on the repose of a private fa- | stained with blood, came running by, exclaiming that a British mily, and would order his baggage out of my house immediately." || sailor had killed her. Cockburn, with marks of indignation, id-i carnestly begged he would still consider it as his head quarters. | stantly gave orders for the sailors to be mustered on parade, and "Well, Sir,” said he, “ since you are so good as to insist on that the man whom she designated as the perpetrator of the act our staying at your house, I consent; but I will endeavour to give should be shot without delay. On examining her wounds, it was you as little trouble as possible. Any apartment under your roof | found they were quite fleshy and slight. The admiral afterwards will suffice me." I asked him to accompany me, and I would sent for me, and said, “ We were determined, Sir, to have the shew him a room. He assented, and I conducted him to my own sailor shot who stabbed the poor woman; but it gives us pleasure bed-chamber. He refused for some time to accept of it, and in to learn that it is your opinion the wounds are not mortal. As sisted I should go and bring Mrs Ewell home ; observing, that I || she has, however, been wounded, and more than probable by our might depend on it my family should be just as safe as they were own men, we think it but just that she should be cured at our the evening before, when the American army was here ; for, con- own expence. That part of the business we shall be obliged to tinued he, “ I ain myself a married man-have several sweet chil. confide to you, and for your trouble we beg of you to accept of dren, and venerate the sanctities of the conjugal and domestic re- this trifle," and reached ine out a parcel of gold, six doubloons. I lations."

excused myself from taking so large a fee. " Large, my good Sir!" On my observing to General Ross, it was a great pity that the said he ; “ we are only mortified to think it is so small, but it is, I elegant library had been burned with the capitol he replied, with assure you, all the specie we have with us. If you will accept a bill much concern-" I lament most sincerely that I was not apprized | from our government we will make it better worth your services." of the circumstance, for had I known it in time, the books would most certainly have been saved." -“ Neither do I suppose, Gene. Todd's edition of Johnson's Dictionary. (From the Portfolio. ) ral," said I, "you would have burned the President's house, had || In Todd's edition of Johnson, the editor has so grossly misconceived Mrs Madison remained at home ?"_"No, Sir," said he, “ I make his duty, as to alter, at pleasure, the original definitions, without war neither against letters nor ladies ; and I have heard so much in giving the reader any other notice than that of a dagger prefixed. praise of Mrs Madison, that I would rather protect than burn a In this manner, many an unkind cut has been given to the great house which sheltered such an excellent lady."

lexicographer; and he is so mutilated and disfigured by these mer , In praising Commodore Barney for his behaviour at the bat- ciless wounds, that it is impossible to recognize the illustrious tle of Bladensburg—" A brave officer, Sir," said he. “ He had marksman of the English tongue ; indeed we doubt whether he only a handful of men with him, and yet he gave us a severe would recognise himself under this strange metamorphosis. Notshock. I am sorry he was wounded ; however, I immediately gave withstanding the sneers of Horne Tooke and others, there are few him a parole, and hope he will do well. Had half your army,” who will venture to deny the authority of this work. Admitted continued he, “ been composed of such men as the Commodore on all hands to be imperfect, for the author himself never boasted commanded, with the advantage you had in choosing your posi- that he had completed what he attempted, it is still the best dic. tion, we should never have got to your city.”

tionary ; and is therefore emphatically the standard. If Mr Todd What evinces more the magnanimity of this officer, he never had conteuted hiinself with making additions to the original, plainly uttered an expression in my presence against the President, or any distinguished, there would be less room for complaint; but, by of the officers of government ; but often expressed the deepest wantanly disturbing the text of his author, and presumptuously regret that war had taken place between the two nations, so nearly mixing his crude ideas with theological definitions of Johnson, all allied both in consanguinity and interest. I can, moreover, truly authority is destroyed-doubt is yet involved in uncertainty, and say, I never saw the sunbeam of one cheerful smile on General Ross ignorance has lost the only oracle whom she could consult.Our all the time that he was in Washington. His countenance seemed editor modestly acknowledges, that 's all he has done is but as dust constantly shrouded in the close shades of a thoughtful mind. in the balance, when weighed against the work of Dr Johtoson."

Four distinguished citizens of Alexandria waited on Admiral Now, as two quarto volumes were to be increased to four, by the
Cockburn, with terins of capitulation. He replied with charac. labours of this learned gentleman, if a pound of metal be no hea-

40
American Literature.- Poctry.

Sept. 27; 1817. vier than a pound of feathers, two volumes of Johnson must weigh ARIANS, n. s. One of the sect of Arius, who denies that Christ no more than iwo of Todd. The reader may inquire, how our is the eternal God. (Arians, Socinians, and Deists, we presume, editor has contrived to increase the bulk of the book so greatly? are synonimous terms.] his rapacious maw has swallowed every thing it could find in old ARIANISM, n. s. The heresy, or sect of Arius. pamphlets, and has even cited as an authority a “ Declaration of ARMINIAN, Mh S. He who supports the tenets of Arminius. the Prince Regent!” In this manner he persuades himself to be ARMINIANISM, n. 8. The tenets of Arininius.

* content, if his countrymen admit that he has contributed some- Sometimes the reverend editor endeavours to relieve the aridity what towards that which many hands will not exhaust ; and that of philological enquiries by sprightly effusions of wit. his efforts, though imperfect, are not useless." Adv. p. iv. The

“ Buck," we are informed, “ is a cant word for a bold, work, it seems, is yet imperfect-for he declares it to be “ a dif. ostentatious, or forward person ; a blood; whom Johnson calls a ficulty insurmountable” to remove every error in a work which he man of fire! Serenius has observed, that the Gothic Bocke is a denominates a "wonderful achievement of genius and labour."- great man! Who is a greater, one may add, in his own estimaOne or two specimens of the “ dust," which Mr Todd has thrown tion, than a buck ? ip the eyes of the purchasers of his big books, will enable our read. Under the verb To Calamistrate, we shall find another instance : ers to form an opinion upon the false and hollow pretensions of “ The hair torturers of modern times may be glad of the word, this work.

especially when I add, that a Calamist, in James the First's time, ANTINOMIAX, n. &. One of the sect called Antinomianism. was “ one having his hair turned upwards”-a definition that will

ANTINOMIANISM, 1. 8. The tenets of those who are called An- suit those who have recently studied how, in this respect, to set Ninomians. See AXTINOMIAN.

their hair on end."

E. g.

Poetry.

CROSS-QUESTIONS ANSWERED.
A WITNESS whom barristers tried to brow-beat,
Was, by cunning cross-questioning, put in a sweat :
When ask'd whence he came ? eyed the questioner well,
Then pertly replied, “ I came just now from hell."

Bar._" From hell, mister Saucebox ! no wonder you're warm ;
" But remember your oath, fellow, lest you meet harm :
“ Come, tell us what news from the law court below."

Wit." I left hell in the midst of a hell of a row ! “ For a trial at bar, quite the converse of civil, “ Was about to come on then-the Pope versus Devil!"

Bar." Indeed! raise your voice well, my jocular friend, ", And say how this hell of a row was to end.”

Wit.." If the trial you mean, that's a nail I can't hit, “ For in hell, as on earth, law's a bottomless pit; “But the queer ones all said, that the Pope must succumb, “ For Old Nick had the lawyers all under his thumb.

Each holly-bush, tall shrub, or painted post,
A pallid spectre seems, or green-eyed ghost !
From boughs suspended, bodied gowns I see,.
As if a Bateman hung on every tree! *
My house once more I enter-all anpoys,
T'hrowing, as 'twere, wet blankets o'er iny jnys :
I dare not speak I'm told the work it hinders-
To lend a hand were but to burn my fingers.
Tormented thus, of life itself I tire,
Plagued with so many irous in the fire !

THE IRONING DAY,

By Mr Henry Lee.
One day of dread is o'er-but ills are double,
Now comes the Ironing-day-all toil and trouble !.
An ironing day's an iron age to me
Too sad a truth, although 'lis irony !
A thousand ills my heated frame environ,
Whene'er I'm ruffled by a smoothing iron !
My pen I snatch, and try to write plain prose,
Some burning tag-rag stuff oftends my nose;
For purer air I'm each apartment seeking,
But noxious vapours everywhere are reeking !
Put to strange shifts, and numerous shifts while trying,
l'in shivering wet, while all things round are drying.
"Tis worse, far worse, than standing with bare feet
At Christmas, doing penance in a sheet!
I pace the garden, heavy as a sledge,
“ Linen (as Falstaff says) on every hedge.”
There fringed curtains waft like clouds in air,
Each ruffled shirt's “ a ravell'd sleeve of care."
Vainly I muse on poesy divine,
A dismal gloom is thrown o'er every line ;
Winds, as they blow, long trains of terror spread,
Frilld caps and gown-tails flapping 'gainst my head !
My pathway's stopt-to find the track is puzzling-
I'm clasp'd by calico, or wrapt in muslin!
Walking, I stoop to 'scape the flying evils,
Where long-prong'd slicks stand up like forked devils !

• The Washing-day.

A LOVER'S EFFUSION.
MARK'D you her eyes' resistless glanee,
That does the enraptur'd soul entrance ?
Mark'd you that dark blue orb unfold
Volumes of bliss, as yet untold ?
And felt you not, as I now feel,
Delight no tongue could e'er reveal ?
Mark'd you her cheek, that blooms and glows,
A living emblem of the rose ?
Mark'd you her vermeil lip, that breathes
The balmy fragrance of its leaves ?
And felt you not, as I now feel,
Delight no tongue could e'er reveal ?
Mark'd you her artless smiles, that speak
The language written on her cheek ;
When bright as morn, and pure as dew,
The bosom thoughts arise to view ?
And felt you not, as I now feel,
Delight no tongue could e'er reveal ?
Mark'd you her face, and did not there
Sepse, softness, sweetness, all appear ?
Mark'd you her form, and saw not you
A heart and mind as lovely too?
And felt you not, as I now feel,
Delight no tongue could e'er reveal ?
Mark'd you all this, and you have known
The treasured raptures that I own :
Mark'd you all this, and you, like me,
Have wander'd oft her shade to see :
For you have felt, as I now feel,

Delight no tongue could e'er reveal !
A person who hanged himself for love in an orchard.

Sept. 27, 1817.)

Foreign Inteligence.

41

Chronicle.

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FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.

detachment of the soldiers of Napoleon ! But it is against Russia In the absence of all important political events, some persons, the powers of Europe ought now to be leagued; and France, in we observe, are endeavouring to alarm our fears, by the most ab- place of being “ trampled under foot," must be raised and pattersurd speculations on the power and designs of the Russian empe

ed, as it is to that nation we must now look for our preservation ! ror. Sir Robert Wilson, in a late work on the military and po- Such are the opinions of Sir Robert Wilson and a party now, litical power of the Russian empire, by his authority, has aided, growing up in this country. Nor do we find much cogency in the in no inconsiderable degree, the arguments of those journalists argument for the evacuation of France, when it is supported by who have taken up this subject. This officer, whose history must the acknowledgment that “the present sovereign of France dares now be pretty well known to our readers, says-" The war for not trust to a native force for his support.” That the majority Testoration of the balance of power has thus ended in the over- of the French people are enthusiastically devoted to the ex-em. throw of all balance ; in the substitution of solid dominion for a peror, we believe few will disbelieve ; and it is a conviction of this momentary authority; in a national supremacy, instead of the su. fact which leads us to deprecate the speedy removal of the allied premacy of one extraordinary man, subject to all the vicissitudes troops from the French territory. One trial of the people of of fortune and the infirmities of humanity; and so long as France France has already been made, and the consequences were, the is not re-united to Europe-so long as she cannot be rendered con- battle of Waterloo-a continuance or renewal of the heavy war. tributive to the general system of defence, every monarch and na. taxes with all those effects on the prosperity of the country tion on the continent must owe their existence to the forbearance which are incident to the unexpected change from peace to warof Alexander :" and the Morning Chronicle, in the same spirit, and from war to peace. To whine over the fallen liberties of the asserts, that ministers, “ to punish the people of France, have French people, is to regret the recovery of the liberties of Europe laid all Europe prostrate at the feet of a power possessed of much -and to repine at the return of its inhabitants to the peaceful greater natural resources, and in every way much more formidable and honest pursuits of life. It is, in short, to forget all the atro. to Europe!" We well remember the different language which was cious crimes of the last twenty-five years. Let the people of held, during the invasion of Russia, by the same politicians. The France cultivate other feelings and better principles, than those policy of the Russians, in retreating before the invader, was then which it is admitted they at present entertain, and we doubt not represented as the most unequivocal acknowledgment of their in.

nay, we are certain, the allies will with no less alacrity abandon feriority. The courage, the number, and the tactics of these the “ sacred territory," as it was once called, for their own brave people, were the perpetual subjects of the most contemp- hom.es. As to Russia, whose power over every state in Europe is tuous sneers; and the destruction of the invaders was declared represented as being already complete, we really imaginc few will to be the work of the elements alone. One journal, the Exa- think of the subject with much alarm. Russia, neither by her miner we believe, even talked of the retreat from Moscow as a genius, nor her resources, will ever be able to accomplish what lateral movement merely! All this, and a thousand other argu- France has failed to execute. The population of the Russian em. ments, to prove the inferiority of the Russian barbarians to the pire, with the boasted variety of nations of which it is formed, invincible French, which must be in the full recollection of our and their contiguity to so many of the other European states, are readers, are now forgotten. But this is not all; on the escape of just so many causes which would accelerate the downfal of the Napoleon, and a few of his followers, we were assured, in the whole, in case it should ever betray so much folly and profligate most oracular manner, that in the course of the ensuing spring, ambition, as to aspire at universal dominion. the French emperor would again be at the head of an army, equally numerous and well appointed, when he certainly would

The approach of the period at which one-fifth of the depart. accomplish what accident had before defeated the overthrow

ments return representatives to the chamber of deputies, and the of the throne of the Czars. The defection of the Prussians, | partial change just been made in the French ministry, are circum.. which was represented as an act of the grossest treachery, stances which excite great interest in Paris, and doubtless through.

out the whole of France. Marshal St Cyr has succeeded the Duke again disappointed their hopes ; but the same confidence in the

of Feltre as war minister, and Count Mole has succeeded St Cyr invincibility and fine genius of the French, and the same confi

as minister of marine. It appears, therefore, that the struggle for dence in their ultimate triumph, continued to the last. And

power, which has for some time existed between the constitutional even Sir Robert Wilson, in his present work, which is so often party and the ultra royalists, has terminated to the advantage of

the former. referred to, by these new alarmists, states, that on the close of

A considerable number of French ecclesiastics have declined the the campaign of 1814, “ 60,000 French baffled the operations

bishoprics to which the King had appointed them. of 200,000 of the allies,” " that the victories of Napoleon Two men, Desbans and Chayoux, bave been shot on the plains * screwed them, as it were, in a vice, from which, if defection had of Grenelle for treasonable designs against the lives of the French not extricated them, they were unable to secure their retreat.”_princes. With all this evidence of Russian weakness, and French supe

General Lascy, who was implicated in the late insurrectionary

movements in the east of Spain, has been conveyed to Minorca, riority, we are now called upon to believe, that the two nations

and put to death. have suddenly exchanged their designs and their characters that The action brought by the Duke of Wellington, at Ghent, a. the profligate ambition, and unlimited resources of the “ great

gainst the editor of the West Flanders Journal, for a libel, in im. nation," bave been at once transferred to the stupid impoverished

puting to his grace an interference in the government of Mare

tinique, has been dismissed, with costs. His grace has carried the Russian, a member only of that allied force which sunk before a cause to the court of appeal.

Chronicle.

[Sept. 27, 1817. In consequence of some seditious movements at Breslau, orders tion of the Committee, and they strongly recommend the erection have been issued for the assembly of 10,000 men in the neigh. of one for juvenile delinquents, who are now encouraged in their bourhood. The Berlin Gazette alludes to some events which vicious practices, by being shut up in the same prison with expehave taken place at Carouge. An assemblage of persons had, it rienced and hardened offenders. It is very consolatory to observe seems, expressed an improper attachment to a certain exiled per- the good effects which have been produced at the House of Refuge sonage. They were interrupted in their proceedings by the gens- for the destitute, the Philanthropic Institution, the Magdalen Hosd'armes, and dispersed. A certain degree of agitation has mani- pital, and the London Female Penitentiary; all supported by prifested itself in the capital, as well as in other cities of the empire. vate benevolence : and at the General Penitentiary at Milbank, the

On the 15th there were some disturbances at Geneva, and it chaplain of which says, “ that the general conduct of the prisoners was not until after considerable efforts that the gen-d'armerie suc. during their confinement has been most satisfactory ; that the receeded in restoring tranquillity.

pentance and amendment many of them is visible; and that By a cabinet order of the King of Prussia, it is decreed that those there is every reason to presune, that on their leaving the prison artists and artisans who take as an apprentice a deaf and dumb they will become honest and industrious members of society." person, and maintain him long enough to instruct him in their bu. Tuesday se'nnight Benjamin Caines, captain of the Kingswood siness, shall receive a premium of 56 dollars.

gang, only 23 years of age, lately executed, was interred in the

burial ground at Bitton, in the same grave with his brother, who ENGLAND

was hung some time ago, and at whose funeral Ben attended, and,

instead of paying attention to the solemn service, sat on a wall The Right Hon. Charles Chelwynd, Earl Talbot, has been ap- | whistling the whole time. A numerous concourse of his acquaintpointed Lieutenant-General and General Governor of Ireland.

ance attended the procession from Cock-road (near two miles): the A letter has been received within the last week from Mr Bos. pall was supported by six femates dressed in white. The body was worth, late master of the Boston Public School, who was sent by the taken into the church, and after the Psalms and Epistle were read, British and Foreign School Society to the island of St Domingo, the Minister preached a very impressive sermon to Caines' numer. for the purpose of establishing schools in that part of it under the

ous associates and friends, from Ephesians, iv. 28. Let him that presidency of Petion. On the 26th of June he was introduced to stole steal no more.The greatest attention was paid by them to Petion, ho declared that he would have schools erected in every this well-delivered discourse, and the body was afterwards commit. place, for that it is his wish to have all educated in his dominions, ted to the grave by candle light. Among the attendants were his and he will give every facility to forward the undertaking.

aged father, three brothers, sisters, &c. This is the second son the Freedom of speech at the bar.--An action, of quite a novel and sin. wretched father has attended on a similar occasion, and two have gular nature, was tried at the Lancashire assizes a few days ago. It been transported. was brought by Mr Hudgden, an attorney, for words spoken by A singular fact has lately transpired, which has led to the deMr Scarlet in the course of his professional practice, before the sertion of a once flourishing school in the neighbourhood of the mesame Court, in the last spring assizes, and of course involved the tropolis. It is that of the schoolmaster having used meat not in grcat question of freedom of speech at the bar. It was charged, general use among human beings, in the composition of soup for that the defendant bad, in the course of a speech in a cause in his pupils we mean horse-flesh. wlsich he was engaged as counsel, called the plaintiff a fraudulent and wicked attorney. After hearing the counsel on each side, Mr

SCOTLAND. Baron Wood intimated, that he was not for giving sanction to this action, of a first impression, brought for the first time, because it The Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council, on Wednesday would be most mischievous, not merely to the bar, but to the pub. se'nnight unanimously voted a piece of plate, value fifty guineas, to bic. The words might overstep the bounds of propriety, and be Alexander Henderson, Esq. first bailie of the city, in testimony 100 severe, but they were not to be corrected by such an action. If | of their sense of his general active conduct as a magistrate ; but in they had been said elsewhere if they had been published, they particular for the able and gentlemanly manner in which Mr Hencould be punished. In the privileges of parliament it was the derson discharged the duties of chief magistrate, while the Lord sime. The principle was' this-whatever is said in judicial or Provost was necessarily absent attending to the interest of the legal proceedings is not actionable. If published, it is. Lord Ab. city in London. ingdon was found liable in the King's Bench on this principle, and On the same day, the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council, was imprisoned. He refused, on the same principle, to maintain unanimously voted a piece of plate, value one hundred guineas, to an action at Northampton, brought by a clergyman against a pa. Robert Johnston, Esq. lord dean of guild of the city, as a mark of rishioner, for letters written to the bishop of the diocese (Peterbo- the respect which they entertain of the unremitting attention be rough), because he would not make courts of law auxiliary to the has paid to the various duties of the office, and for his zealous and ecclesiastical courts, the parishioner having a right to make such never ceasing efforts to proinote the improvement and good of the representations to the bishop. It had been said, some limits must city. he set. His objection to this action was the difficulty of fixing li. The Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council, have conferred inits. During one assize they could do nothing but try actions the freedom of the city on Dr Thomas Charles Hope, in testimony brought for words used by counsel at the former a size. The of their esteem, and in gratitude for various valuable services, as words might be too severe ; I cannot say any thing of that.. professor of Cheinistry in this university (to the celebrity of which Plaintiff nonsuited.

he has greatly contributed), in regard to the proposed additional The Second Report of the Committee of the House of Commons, supplies of water. on the Police of the metropolis, has just been published. It abounds On Wednesday se'nnight the following gentlemen were elected with matter for interesting reflection. There is, perhaps, none of ordinary council deacons for the ensuing year, vizigreater interest than that to which this report refers. The best Messrs James Bryce, Messrs James Anderson, means of preventing the commission of crime-of detecting it when

John Laing,

James Thomson, jun. committed--and of saving the criminal from deeper guilt, are in.

Alexander Lyall,

James Denholın. deed considerations of the highest public importance in every The Voiversity of Marischal College, Aberdeen, has conferred country, and above all, in England, which has long suffered under the honorary degree of LL. D. on the celebrated French philosoaccusations in this respect. The Committee have divided their in- pher Jean Baptiste Biot, and also on Captain Thomas Colby, of "quiries into two branchesthe system of parliamentary rewards, and the Royal Engineers. the establishment of penitentiary prisons. After an enumeration of On the 2d instant, the 'Rev. George Shepperd was ordained Mi. the various legislative acts which sanction the former, the report nister of the mission of Fort William. states, at considerable length, the substance of the evidence which On Monday the 15th, 25 criminal prisoners were removed from has induced the Committee to pronounce the system as one of more the Tolbooth and Lock•up-bouse to the new jail on the Calton-hill. than questionable policy, calculated to produce, instead of to check The two Möllvogues and M.Cristal, under sentence of death, were crime. Penitentiary houses receive the most unqualified approba- sent from the old jail to the Lock-up-bouse ; Janet Douglas, like.

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Sept. 27, 1817.)
Chronicle

43 qvise under sentence of death, is in the same place. All these un. the very man who had refused to give his horse for the purpose fortunate people are behaving in a manner becoming their unhappy of getting him out. situation,

The Perth Baking Company, to whom this city is so much in. Tuesday se'nnight the door of the old jail was thrown open, and debted, have reduced the price of their quartern loaves in Edin. every prisoner for debt was liberated. It is expected that a little burgh to one shilling the fine, and ninepence the second. balance may be left, which will be applied to aid the families of On Wednesday se ennight, a man who appeared to have been the most distressed prisoners. The following morning the work. the worse of liquor, fell from a stage-coach in the neighbourhood men commenced their operations on this ancient fabric, which will of Edinburgh, and was so severely bruised, that though immedi. now speedily disappear. This edifice was completed in its present ately carried to the infirmary, he died on Friday morning. form in 1561, though some part of it is supposed much older, as Wednesday Robert Brown, charged with being guilty of a most the east and west ends are evidently of different styles of architec- | atrocious rape at Blantyre, was apprehended at Bridgeton. He lure. It was originally destined for the accommodation of Parlia. | absconded at the time the crime was committed. ment, and the Courts of Justice, and also for the confinement of Monday, a boy about twelve years of age flying a kite on the dobtors and criminals,; but since 1640, after the Parliament House Calton hill, in endeavouring to save it, was precipitated over part it Edinburgh was built, it has been used solely as a gaol.

of the rocks on the south-east side, by which one of his thigh bones A subscription has been entered into, for the purpose of making was broke, and he was otherwise very severely hurt. a measurement and estimate of a rail-road from the coal-works in On Monday se'ennight, as some men were at work on a new the neighbourhood of Dalkeith to this city.

road in the neighbourhood of Dalkeith, a bank of earth fell, by On the 19th the annual meeting of the Trustees of the Burgh which one of them-was unfortunately killed. His name is Hugh and Parochial Schoolmasters' Widows Fund was held in the Baxter, serjeant in the Edinburgh Miliţia, and by trade a printer; High School, Edinburgh. Mr Macfarlane, Stewartown, was cho- he had been fourteen years in the regiment, and was much resen Preses; the cashier and clerk were re-elected from the ac. spected : a widow and two children (the youngest of whom has counts laid before the meeting, it appeared that £.486 , 1 , 6 been helpless from its cradle,) are thus suddenly deprived of sup. have been paid to the widows and orphans, and £.36 v 10 expend-port. ed on other contingencies, during the last year.

A boy about fourteen years of age, servant to a farmer near At Fortingall, the traveller is shown one of the greatest antiqui. Peebles, having been taken ill, his master wrote to the mother, a ties of which the nation can boast, viz. a yew tree, fifty-three feet widow, residing at Hope Park-end, on Saturday last, to come out 'in circumference. It is mentioned, and a drawing of it given by and take him home: but the poor woman, either not apprehend, the celebrated Mr Pennant; in his Tour through Scotland. Itsing immediate danger, or from a difficulty of getting away from age cannot be ascertained, but from appearance and tradition it her other children, of whom she has several, did not immediately cannot be less than 700 or 800 years old. It is now in a decayed attend to the request of the letter, and on Monday se'ennight, the state, and the proprietor's burial ground lies beside it; and through boy was sent off to Edinburgh, a distance of 21 miles, in a cart, the decayed part of the trunk the funeral processions pass. Its | in charge only of a lad about his own age. The feelings of the branches are green. This is well worth seeing, and many travel. poor woman may be conceived, when, upon going to lift her son Jers carry off pieces of the wood to foreign countries, as relics of from the cart, she found him a corpse. The boy in charge of this venerable and solitary tree.

the cart said, that shortly after they set out he saw the deceased On the 21st'ult. there came ashore, between Staxico and Wick, so ill that he was afraid to look at him ; and he saw him .moving near the Boathaven, a whale, measuring 66 feet 5 inches in length : when witbin about three miles from Edinburgh; but unfortunatehe was first observed by the Buckey fishermen, who were at the ly it never occurred to him to halt, or ask assistance on the road. herring fishery, who immediately went up to him, and after at- On Saturday se'ennight, between seven and eight p'elock, as a tacking him with a sword and a scythe, which inade.no impression farmer's servant girl was returning home from Glasgow, where on bim, they got an axe, which they sunk in bis head. After va- she had been selling butter milk, she drove the horse to a rivulet rious attempts with boat-hooks, oars, &c. they succeeded in kill. on the banks of the Porth and Clyde canal, where he usually went ing him. They were engaged in this operation nearly 25 hours. to drink. The animal, in going forward, tumbled over the bank The carcase was claimed by Sir Benjamin Dunbar, as lord of the into the water, in consequence of which the girl also fell in and manor, and by the Provost of Wick, on the part of the Crown. Ow. was drowned. It was nearly an hour and a half before her body ing to this dispute, and the roughness of the weather, the sale could was got out. not take place before the Tuesday, and was advertised to take place On Friday the 12th instant, as David Anderson, shoremaster at two o'clock, but early on the Tuesday morning, owing to a at Polgavie, near Dundee, was travelling along the sands in the heavy gale of wind and a tremendous sea which broke him in pieces, river Tay, to assist in piloting the Lady Kinnaird, of that port, into no sale could take place. The entrails, blubber, &c. were driven the harbour, he was surrounded by the tide, which rose very high ashore, and great part of the carcase was floating near the spot that day, being a stream one, and not observed by the sailors on where he was killed, and his tail and about 14 feet of the carcase board, he was overwhelmed by the flood, and sunk to rise no more. were seen at sea.

His body was found on Saturday at low water, more than an Eng. On Thursday the 9th instant, the Associate Congregation of lishi mile from the shore, quite naked, having thrown away bis Thurso gave a most unanimous call to the Rev. Mr John M•Don- clothes, probably to try if he could save himself by swimining. ald to be their pastor ; the Rev. Mr Wm. Stewart, Wick, presided His eries were heard by several persons in the adjoining field, who on the occasion.

went immediately to the shore, but not hearing the cries there, The colliers at Gilmerton lately struck work, in consequence of and perceiving the vessel in the channel, they naturally concluded a small reduction being made in their wages. After taking some that the noise proceeded from the sailors working her up, and resteps towards a division of their society.funds, they were induced, turned quite satisfied that all was well, till next day. by the threat of having the roofs of their houses taken off, to re- A boat belonging to Ferryden, going home from the herring: turn to their usual employment.

fishery at Fraserburgh, when off Cairnbulg, about one o'clock on On Saturday se'ennight, about one o'clock, as two gentlemen Saturday morning, was taken by a squall of wind, and one of the were walking between Granton and Caroline Park, they perceived crew, R. Crombie, dropt overboard, and was drowned. a boy on a rock, surrounded by the tide, which was rising rapidly. On Saturday se'nnight, a boat belonging to Peterhead, on her re. The poor boy seeing his danger, called loudly for help; and the turn from Newburgh with mussels, struck on a sunk rock off gentlemen desired some masons who were working near the spot, Whinnyfold, when, melancholy to relate, six people (three men and 10 go to Granton for a horse. Luckily there was a man not far three young women) lost their lives, leaving their numerous relaoff with a horse and cart, and to him they applied, but the fellow lives in a state more easily felt than described ; the father of one of had the inhumanity to refufe. It was not however a time for ce- the parties having been an eye-witness to the fate of his son. The remony ; the horse was therefore taken from the eart without the boat was seen to upset almost instantaneously, but at too great a man's leave ; and one of the masons having mounted it, rescued distance for immediate relief. The only survivor of the crew, Ro. the boy from his perilous situation, who proved to be the son of bert Sellar, was saved by clinging to the mast, which fortunately

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