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Sept. 27, 1817.]
berg, Prussia can never attempt to defend any territory north of The History and Antiquities of the Parochial Church of St Sa- the Oder, and her line of fortresses on that river is now the only viour, Southwark; illustrated by sixteen engravings; by W. G. rampart of Gerinany; a rampart too of no value, if there are not Moss. With historical and biographical delineations : by the Rev. supporting armies in the field equal, or nearly so, to the attacking 3. Nightingale. Part I. 10s. 6d. or 21s.
force, and especially in the arm of cavalry, which is almost imAn Excursion to Windsor, through Battersea, Putney, Kew, posșible ; since Russia, without any extraordinary exertion, could Richmond, Twickenham, Strawberry Hill, and Hampton Court; bring one hundred and twenty thousand (regular and irregular) ca. by John Evans, jun. A.M. Ss.
valry into action on the Prussian frontier. The Russian frontier The Gentleman's Guide in his Tour through France ; by Henry having reached the Pruth, continues along that river (so disas. Coxe, Esq. 75.
trous in her history) to its confluence with the Danube ; when Walks in Oxford : comprising an original historical and descrip- this great artery of Austria, and main support to the Turkish tive account of the colleges, halls, and public buildings of the Uni-frontier, rolls its stream, now also tributary to the flag of Russia, versity: with an introductory outline of the academical history of into the water of the Black sea. In this position Russia is disOxford; by W. M. Wade. 2 vols. Svo. 16s. ; 12mo 8s.
tant only 100 miles from Transylvania, about 250 from Constan
tinople by wates, and 300 by land, in a direct line; whilst the two Sketch of the Military and Political Power of Russia in the year interjacent provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia are in fact regu1811.This work is understood to have proceeded from the pen lated by her policy, though the Ottoman Porte retains the nominal of Sir Robert Wilson. The population of Russia, according to sovereignty. the St Petersburg Almanack for 1808, amounts to 42 millions ; " Having traced the extensions of this gigantic power in other but since that period Alexander has added 193,800 square miles directions, the author shews that Russia, if attacked at every as. to the empire, including the duchy of Warsaw, Finland, Georgia, sailable point, could not only defend herself, but would still have &c. Of this population not above five millions are Asiatic. Not. a greater disposable force remaining than any other power pos. withstanding a destructive invasion, and wars of great waste and sesses_He says, “ Aster posting 30,000 men, with artillery, &c. expenditure, out of an establishment of 1,200,000 men, exclusive in Finland, 80,000 on the frontier of Gallicia, 60,000 in Moldaof militia, Tartar cavalry, &c. she can range in order of battle via, 30,000 on the frontier of Armenia, as many in Persia, and 640,000 men. But the formidable nature of the power of Rus. leaving a reserve of 100,000 men to sustain these armies, she still sia does not so much arise from the great population, and the ar. possesses a disposable force of above 200,000 infantry, 80,000 mies which she can keep up, as from the peculiar strength of her cavalry, and 1,200 guns, better horsed for service than any artilsituation. “In forming the van of Russia, (says our author,) she lery or cavalry in the world ;-an army than which there is none either enjoys tranquillity, or, if she marches, is certain, from the more brave, and with which no other can march, starve, or sutfer weight of supporting force, and the offensive advantages of her physical privations and natural inconveniencies." salient position, to carry her ravages into a foreign territory." The view of what he calls the profiles, the points, the pinnacles Differeuce of opinion. The following extract from Lady Morgan's of the vantage ground on which Russia now reclines, the bold work on France, accompanied with the succeeding critique, ap. line of her frontiers, and the domineering influence which her sta pears in the 33d number of the Quarterly Review. tion gives her over the whole world, is executed with great spirit.. “ Bastiles, lettres de cachet, mysterious arrestation, and solitary After describing the geographical situation of Russia in 1810, confinement, started upon my sacred imagination, and I had already the author gives a sketch of her position at the present period. classed myself, with the iron mask and caged Mazarine, the Wil.
In the year 1819, the right of the frontier still rests on the sons, Hutchinsons, and Bruces. p. 136. Northern ocean, but, advancing 160 miles, touches the frontier “ This is the tie by implication. Wilson, Hutchinson, and of Norway, and bends round it for 190 miles, until it reaches a Bruce, had grievously violated the laws of France: they were dine drawn due north from the Torneo, when it descends on that openly arrested, legally coufined, publicly tried, leniently sentenced, river, and continues running paranel until it falls into the gulf of and generously pardoned."-Reviczo, p. 260. Bothnia. • A line is then drawn through the gulf of Bothnia, which sweeping round Aland, regains the continent in the province The Culonics and Colonization. The Colonial Journal, just pube of Livonia, thus giving to Russia the ports of Abo and of Swea- lished, contains several articles of the first interest to persons con. burg, which was the great naval establishment of the Swedes on cerned in the trade with South America -to those who contemplate the coast of Finland, and all the numerous islands which cluster a remoyal to North America-to those who think that one of the between Aland and the main land, and which are inhabited by a most effectual remedies for the distresses of the poor, and for the Tich and happy population. But the island of Aland is distant heavy burden of the poor's rate, is in colonization-and, not least, from the shore of Sweden only 24 miles, from the archipelago of to those connected with the British West Indies. islands in advance of Stockholm not above 30, and not above 70 from Stockholm itself ; while the intervening sea is frequently fro.
AMERICAN LITERATCIE. zen, so that carriages may pass. Thus Russia has completely Character of the inhabitants of the Pelew Islands, from the Voyages changed her relative position with Sweden. On the Niemen, and Travels of Amaso Delano, published at Boston 1817.-There is the frontier remains in statu quo for about 100 miles; when it tra. one trait of character, for which the Pelews were remarkable verses the Memel or Niemen river, and running along East Prus- their fidelity in the engagements of friendship. They carried their sia, strikes the Vistula near, Thorn, from whence Dantzic is dis ideas of the sacredness of this virtue to a very great extent, and tant about 50 miles, and Berlin nearly 170. The line then cros. doubted whether it were proper to make a profession of it, in the ses the Vistula, and advances to Kalish, a point nearly equidistant first degree, to two persons at the same time. In this they were from Dresden and Berlin ; thence taking a southern direction, and probably too scrapulous ; for it belongs not to the nature of true passing within 30 miles of the Oder, it bends in an eastern course friendship to justify an alliance in guilt, or to force an individual along the district of Cracow, which it respects ; but at this point into a confederacy against the interests of society or religion. Perits distance from a third capital, Vienna, is again only 170 miles ; sonal attachments are entirely compatible with general benevolence, the Gallician frontier is then rounded, when the line traverses the and ought always to be regulated by it. He only is a genuine Dneister, allongates the Bukovine frontier, until it reaches the friend who imbibes this spirit, and regards it in his intercourse river Pruth ; thus circumventing all that part of Poland, except with those to whom he is bound by specific promises and pledges. the duchy of Posen, which belonged to Prussia by the partition. On our arrival, the king proposed to us, that we should each choose treaties. In this position, which may be called the very heart of a friend. We answered, that we intended to be the friends of Europe, she rides alongside the Brandenburgh possessions with the them all, and hoped that they would all be our friends in return. lofty and fearful superiority of one of her 120 gun ships over a This, however, did not meet the sentiments of the king. He spoke Prussian galliot, when there is no escape from pressure, and when to us of the pleasure, the peace, and the mutual safety which would the weaker must be crushed or overwhelmed. Notwithstanding arise from the kind of confidence required by their laws of partithe possession of the fortresses of Dantzic, Graudentz, and Col- cular and inviolable friendship. We complied with his wishes,
[Sept. 27, 1817. and the commodore chose Abba Thule, each of our officers chose a many virtues as we have, they certainly had at first fewer vices. chief, and the crew made selections from among the people, accord. And even if the proportion between their virtues and vices, when ing to their judgment or caprice. For myself, it is my prayer al. compared with tie proportion among us, should be found, as I ways to find as faithful a friend as he was whom I chose at Pelew. think it would, in our favour, still one cannot help lamenting, that This man was always watching for opportunities to do me service, the machinery of civilization, the means and motives for extensive anticipating my wants, and giving me information of every danger. improvement, should develope as many selfish and base passions, When I was about to leave the Pelew islands for the last time, and destroy, in as many instances, the simplicity and confidence and for ever, I found it difficult to persuade the friend whom I had which gave such a peculiar charm to the character of the natives chosen to accept of the presents which I had purchased for him in of the Pelew islands when they were first visited by the English. A previous voyage, and whick, I knew, were particularly agreeable But man seems to be destined to taste of the tree of the knowledge to his taste. My fellow-officers found the same disinterestedness of evil as well as of good, in order to learn how to taste of the tree in their intercourse with others.
of life and live for ever. Vice and virtue, misery and happiness, In regard to the religion of these people, I learned that they be. are not relative terms more than they are relative states of the lieve in one God, in the uplimited extent of his government, in the mind and the character. That good appears never to be fully esmost important moral distinctions and religious duties, as taught timated and permanently secured, till the evil has been felt, and, by the light of nature ; in the immortality of the soul, and in future after a painful trial dismissed ; the simplicity, amiableness, and conrewards and punishments. They have very few forms of religion, lidenee of natives are never proof against the temptations to an little ceremony in their worship, and no houses or temples devoted abuse of their intercourse with the inhabitants of civilized countries, to this purpose. That their creed was not merely speculative, in the efforts which are at first made to meliorate their character and that the want of houses of worship did not proceed from a dis and condition. The innocence and loveliness of children must suffer tegard of God or his laws, may be inferred from the benevolence great changes in the transition from youth to manhood, and must and humanity of their hearts, from the honesty and fidelity of their be frequently assailed and tried, before confidence can, in all situalives, and from the actual fruits of their principles in their mutual tions, be reposed in them. An experiment of our weakness is confidence and trappiness. I have several times heard some pious sometimes necessary to persuade us to adopt the means of obtainhymns, which will serve to give more precise ideas of their devo- | ing and confirming strength. The critical stages, in the formation tion. I have often seen the men and women sitting together after of individual or national character, are frequently attended by er. sunset, particularly in moonlight evenings, and heard the women rors and exceșses, not witnessed before or afterward, but which are chant their prayers and praises, while the men would listen, and the proof of the previous feebleness of virtue, and the parent of its at intervals join in the chorus. The meaning of the words was not succeeding force and dignity. Unhappily for the Pelew islanders, always the same, but always included a prayer for Abba Thule. they have lost much of their early simplicity and goodness, and I remember one instance, in which the impression made upon my have not yet gained the intelligence and virtue of a civilized people. mind by their devotion was deep and interesting. It would not They have mixed their native character and habits with those of be in my power to give an adequate translation of the hymn, but the Europeans, and have not now the excellencies or the enjoy it began with thanksgiving for the serene and beautiful evening;
ments of either. Had their virtues been as vigorous and perma. for the peace which they enjoyed under Abba Thule ; for health nent, after their intercourse with the Europeans, as they were un. and prosperity ; and then it offered a prayer for his continuance affected and genuine at the period of their discovery, and had they in life, for his success in war, and his wisdom in government; for
continued to be happy under an increase of relations and wants, their parents, children, and friends; for good seasons, abundant with the means of gratification, we might now acknowledge it to fruit, and tranquil days; for their enterprises on the water, and the || be our duty to study their history more minutely, in order to arrive collection of fish and food ; for deliverance from civil war and do at the secret of their moral worth and social blessings. But their mestic contentions; and for the fruitfulness of the women and the failure under the experiment places them upon a level with other prosperity of the islands. The Panther carried two women and a savage nations; and while it warns the agents of civilized comPelew man to Macao; one of them was the daughter of Abba Thule, munities not to repeat for ever the same injudicious plans of im. who had formed the design of visiting China. While we were ly- || provement upon the aborigines of the soil, it teaches us also, that if ing in the harbour of Macao, and on the passage back to the Pelew our vices are more numerous than theirs, our virtues are not only islande, it was a custom with these women, as it likewise was more various, but are much stronger, better guarded, more fruit. with the women whom we afterwards carried to New Guinea, to ful, and more elevated. take their seats in some retired part of the deck, and sing a reli. By the most recent accounts from these islands, adds the author, gious hymn in a peculiarly plaintive and touching manner. We the inhabitants were still friendly to the white people, bat had lost were often listening to them, while we appeared to be engaged only all spirit of confidence among themselves, and were the victims of about our own concerns. We could plainly distinguish many of alternate stupidity and the violence of contest. It makes me melan. the sentiments which they sung, and heard prayers to the Deity, choly, whenever I think of the unhappy alteration in the character that he would protect and bless their fathers, their mothers, their and conduct of this people since they became acquainted with the sisters, and their brothers; that he would keep them in health, Europeans. ' It is a wise provision of nature, that savages should and make them bappy; that he would allow themselves to return be limited to few and simple weapons of warfare, till they have acto their native islands in safety, and make glad the hearts of their quired the habits, and have entered into the pursuits of civilized friends to receive them; that he would be kind to Abba Thule society, by which their passions shall be checked and regulated. and the people ; and that he would send them fruit, and give them This system of things ought not to be violated by us, as it is when peace. It was a frequent petition in their prayers, that they might we give them our instruments of mutual destruction, without giving have an abundance of arra root, the principal bread of the country, them, at the same time, the arts, the institutions, and the employand the chief object of their cultivation. There was also a great ments, which are necessary to render the instruments a safe possesaversion to barrenness among the females, and their prayers often sion, and to convert them into means of lawful defence and supply. ascended with an earnest entreaty that they might have children.
In looking at such a state of society as that which prevails a Ewell's Account of the Capture of Washington. The following mong the inhabitants of Pelew, although it is unquestionably in aneedotes of the capture of Washington are selected from Dr ferior to ours, yet we are sometimes tempted to regret that the Ewell's account of that event. The doctor is a gentleman of contentment, which appears to accompany a people of so few wants, character and respectability, and his statement may be relied cannot be preserved more perfectly amidst the relations and inter- upon. It will do us good occasionally to take a peep at the ests of civilized life. The increase of wants, while it often, and fair side of the enemy's character. We have been feasted long perhaps generally multiplies virtues and blessings, and calls out a enough with British perfidy and atrocity, dished up in as many greater variety of talents and sympathies, does also too often lead savoury and enticing shapes as a calf's head. The marauding individuals to the use of dishonest means of gratification, and to Cockburn, and the bloo red coats, have had their full share of vices which render a portion of polished nations more miserable execration. But the war is now over-never, we pray Heaven, than any savagce. If the inhabitants of the Pelew islands had not as to be renewed. Let us then have the manliness to be ashamed of
Sept. 27, 1817.)
39 our abuse and exaggerations to meet the enemy with frankness teristic brevity-o" Gentlemen, I have nothing to say till you first and sincerity, and to perpetuale, by mutual offices of good will tell me whether Captain Gordon is in sight of Alexandria or not." and charity, the alliance between us. We may perhaps find, that They replied he was not.-" Well then, gentlemen, I am ready treachery and England are not precisely synonimous, and that the to negotiate with you, and now all I have to say is, that we want marauding Cockburn could display the feelings of a gentleman. provisions, and must have them—but let me tell you, for every
While upon this subject, we cannot avoid deprecating the spi- | article we take you shall be allowed a fair price."
“ Well then," said he loudly,
ed, and helpless, and his men by his own order retreated from Philadelphia True American. him, he beckoned to an English soldier to come to his assistance.
The soldier instantly stepped up, and rendered the required serIn the meantime General Ross came up, to whom I was intro. vice with alacrity.
" You are a noble fellow," said the commo. duced. He had just come in time to infer, from what Admiral | dora, “ and I am sorry I have not a purse for you: but here's my Cochrane had said, that my house had been robbed. In a tone gold watch, you are welcome to it." “ No, Sir,” replied the . that will for ever endear him to me as a perfect gentleman, he Englishman," I can assist a brave man, without being paid for it." observed, that he was very sorry to hear that my house had been An American gentleman observed to Admiral Cockburn, “ that disturbed, and begged I would tell him which it was, and he would if Washington had been alive, you would not have gotten to this order a sentinel to guard it." This is my house, Sir," said I. city so easily."-" No, Sir," replied the Admiral, “ if General With an amiable embarrassment he replied, " Why, Sir, this is Washington had been president, we should not have thought of the house we had pitched on for our head.quarters." I told him coming here." “ I was glad of it, and regretted that he had not taken it earlier, On the 25th, (Aug. 1814), as the general and admiral were as my property would then have been protected.”—He observed, standing on the pavement at my door, a dirty looking woman, “ be could not think of trespassing on the repose of a private fa- | stained with blood, came running by, exclaiming that a British mily, and would order his baggage out of my house immediately." || sailor had killed her. Cockburn, with marks of indignation, id-i carnestly begged he would still consider it as his head quarters. | stantly gave orders for the sailors to be mustered on parade, and "Well, Sir,” said he, “ since you are so good as to insist on that the man whom she designated as the perpetrator of the act our staying at your house, I consent; but I will endeavour to give should be shot without delay. On examining her wounds, it was you as little trouble as possible. Any apartment under your roof | found they were quite fleshy and slight. The admiral afterwards will suffice me." I asked him to accompany me, and I would sent for me, and said, “ We were determined, Sir, to have the shew him a room. He assented, and I conducted him to my own sailor shot who stabbed the poor woman; but it gives us pleasure bed-chamber. He refused for some time to accept of it, and in to learn that it is your opinion the wounds are not mortal. As sisted I should go and bring Mrs Ewell home ; observing, that I || she has, however, been wounded, and more than probable by our might depend on it my family should be just as safe as they were own men, we think it but just that she should be cured at our the evening before, when the American army was here ; for, con own expence. That part of the business we shall be obliged to tinued he, “ I ain myself a married man-have several sweet chil. confide to you, and for your trouble we beg of you to accept of dren, and venerate the sanctities of the conjugal and domestic re this trifle," and reached ine out a parcel of gold, six doubloons. I lations."
excused myself from taking so large a fee. " Large, my good Sir!" On my observing to General Ross, it was a great pity that the said he ; “ we are only mortified to think it is so small, but it is, I elegant library had been burned with the capitol he replied, with assure you, all the specie we have with us. If you will accept a bill much concern-" I lament most sincerely that I was not apprized | from our government we will make it better worth your services." of the circumstance, for had I known it in time, the books would most certainly have been saved." -“ Neither do I suppose, Gene. Todd's edition of Johnson's Dictionary. (From the Portfolio. ) ral," said I, "you would have burned the President's house, had || In Todd's edition of Johnson, the editor has so grossly misconceived Mrs Madison remained at home ?"_"No, Sir," said he, “ I make his duty, as to alter, at pleasure, the original definitions, without war neither against letters nor ladies ; and I have heard so much in giving the reader any other notice than that of a dagger prefixed. praise of Mrs Madison, that I would rather protect than burn a In this manner, many an unkind cut has been given to the great house which sheltered such an excellent lady."
lexicographer; and he is so mutilated and disfigured by these mer , In praising Commodore Barney for his behaviour at the bat ciless wounds, that it is impossible to recognize the illustrious tle of Bladensburg—" A brave officer, Sir," said he. “ He had marksman of the English tongue ; indeed we doubt whether he only a handful of men with him, and yet he gave us a severe would recognise himself under this strange metamorphosis. Notshock. I am sorry he was wounded ; however, I immediately gave withstanding the sneers of Horne Tooke and others, there are few him a parole, and hope he will do well. Had half your army,” who will venture to deny the authority of this work. Admitted continued he, “ been composed of such men as the Commodore on all hands to be imperfect, for the author himself never boasted commanded, with the advantage you had in choosing your posi that he had completed what he attempted, it is still the best dic. tion, we should never have got to your city.”
tionary ; and is therefore emphatically the standard. If Mr Todd What evinces more the magnanimity of this officer, he never had conteuted hiinself with making additions to the original, plainly uttered an expression in my presence against the President, or any distinguished, there would be less room for complaint; but, by of the officers of government ; but often expressed the deepest wantanly disturbing the text of his author, and presumptuously regret that war had taken place between the two nations, so nearly mixing his crude ideas with theological definitions of Johnson, all allied both in consanguinity and interest. I can, moreover, truly authority is destroyed-doubt is yet involved in uncertainty, and say, I never saw the sunbeam of one cheerful smile on General Ross ignorance has lost the only oracle whom she could consult.Our all the time that he was in Washington. His countenance seemed editor modestly acknowledges, that 's all he has done is but as dust constantly shrouded in the close shades of a thoughtful mind. in the balance, when weighed against the work of Dr Johtoson."
Four distinguished citizens of Alexandria waited on Admiral Now, as two quarto volumes were to be increased to four, by the
Sept. 27; 1817. vier than a pound of feathers, two volumes of Johnson must weigh ARIANS, n. s. One of the sect of Arius, who denies that Christ no more than iwo of Todd. The reader may inquire, how our is the eternal God. (Arians, Socinians, and Deists, we presume, editor has contrived to increase the bulk of the book so greatly? are synonimous terms.] his rapacious maw has swallowed every thing it could find in old ARIANISM, n. s. The heresy, or sect of Arius. pamphlets, and has even cited as an authority a “ Declaration of ARMINIAN, Mh S. He who supports the tenets of Arminius. the Prince Regent!” In this manner he persuades himself to be ARMINIANISM, n. 8. The tenets of Arininius.
* content, if his countrymen admit that he has contributed some Sometimes the reverend editor endeavours to relieve the aridity what towards that which many hands will not exhaust ; and that of philological enquiries by sprightly effusions of wit. his efforts, though imperfect, are not useless." Adv. p. iv. The
“ Buck," we are informed, “ is a cant word for a bold, work, it seems, is yet imperfect-for he declares it to be “ a dif. ostentatious, or forward person ; a blood; whom Johnson calls a ficulty insurmountable” to remove every error in a work which he man of fire! Serenius has observed, that the Gothic Bocke is a denominates a "wonderful achievement of genius and labour." great man! Who is a greater, one may add, in his own estimaOne or two specimens of the “ dust," which Mr Todd has thrown tion, than a buck ? ip the eyes of the purchasers of his big books, will enable our read. Under the verb To Calamistrate, we shall find another instance : ers to form an opinion upon the false and hollow pretensions of “ The hair torturers of modern times may be glad of the word, this work.
especially when I add, that a Calamist, in James the First's time, ANTINOMIAX, n. &. One of the sect called Antinomianism. was “ one having his hair turned upwards”-a definition that will
ANTINOMIANISM, 1. 8. The tenets of those who are called An suit those who have recently studied how, in this respect, to set Ninomians. See AXTINOMIAN.
their hair on end."
Bar._" From hell, mister Saucebox ! no wonder you're warm ;
Wit." I left hell in the midst of a hell of a row ! “ For a trial at bar, quite the converse of civil, “ Was about to come on then-the Pope versus Devil!"
Bar." Indeed! raise your voice well, my jocular friend, ", And say how this hell of a row was to end.”
Wit.." If the trial you mean, that's a nail I can't hit, “ For in hell, as on earth, law's a bottomless pit; “But the queer ones all said, that the Pope must succumb, “ For Old Nick had the lawyers all under his thumb.
Each holly-bush, tall shrub, or painted post,
THE IRONING DAY,
By Mr Henry Lee.
• The Washing-day.
A LOVER'S EFFUSION.
Delight no tongue could e'er reveal !
Sept. 27, 1817.)
detachment of the soldiers of Napoleon ! But it is against Russia In the absence of all important political events, some persons, the powers of Europe ought now to be leagued; and France, in we observe, are endeavouring to alarm our fears, by the most ab place of being “ trampled under foot," must be raised and pattersurd speculations on the power and designs of the Russian empe
ed, as it is to that nation we must now look for our preservation ! ror. Sir Robert Wilson, in a late work on the military and po Such are the opinions of Sir Robert Wilson and a party now, litical power of the Russian empire, by his authority, has aided, growing up in this country. Nor do we find much cogency in the in no inconsiderable degree, the arguments of those journalists argument for the evacuation of France, when it is supported by who have taken up this subject. This officer, whose history must the acknowledgment that “the present sovereign of France dares now be pretty well known to our readers, says-" The war for not trust to a native force for his support.” That the majority Testoration of the balance of power has thus ended in the over of the French people are enthusiastically devoted to the ex-em. throw of all balance ; in the substitution of solid dominion for a peror, we believe few will disbelieve ; and it is a conviction of this momentary authority; in a national supremacy, instead of the su. fact which leads us to deprecate the speedy removal of the allied premacy of one extraordinary man, subject to all the vicissitudes troops from the French territory. One trial of the people of of fortune and the infirmities of humanity; and so long as France France has already been made, and the consequences were, the is not re-united to Europe-so long as she cannot be rendered con battle of Waterloo-a continuance or renewal of the heavy war. tributive to the general system of defence, every monarch and na. taxes with all those effects on the prosperity of the country tion on the continent must owe their existence to the forbearance which are incident to the unexpected change from peace to warof Alexander :" and the Morning Chronicle, in the same spirit, and from war to peace. To whine over the fallen liberties of the asserts, that ministers, “ to punish the people of France, have French people, is to regret the recovery of the liberties of Europe laid all Europe prostrate at the feet of a power possessed of much -and to repine at the return of its inhabitants to the peaceful greater natural resources, and in every way much more formidable and honest pursuits of life. It is, in short, to forget all the atro. to Europe!" We well remember the different language which was cious crimes of the last twenty-five years. Let the people of held, during the invasion of Russia, by the same politicians. The France cultivate other feelings and better principles, than those policy of the Russians, in retreating before the invader, was then which it is admitted they at present entertain, and we doubt not represented as the most unequivocal acknowledgment of their in.
nay, we are certain, the allies will with no less alacrity abandon feriority. The courage, the number, and the tactics of these the “ sacred territory," as it was once called, for their own brave people, were the perpetual subjects of the most contemp hom.es. As to Russia, whose power over every state in Europe is tuous sneers; and the destruction of the invaders was declared represented as being already complete, we really imaginc few will to be the work of the elements alone. One journal, the Exa think of the subject with much alarm. Russia, neither by her miner we believe, even talked of the retreat from Moscow as a genius, nor her resources, will ever be able to accomplish what lateral movement merely! All this, and a thousand other argu France has failed to execute. The population of the Russian em. ments, to prove the inferiority of the Russian barbarians to the pire, with the boasted variety of nations of which it is formed, invincible French, which must be in the full recollection of our and their contiguity to so many of the other European states, are readers, are now forgotten. But this is not all; on the escape of just so many causes which would accelerate the downfal of the Napoleon, and a few of his followers, we were assured, in the whole, in case it should ever betray so much folly and profligate most oracular manner, that in the course of the ensuing spring, ambition, as to aspire at universal dominion. the French emperor would again be at the head of an army, equally numerous and well appointed, when he certainly would
The approach of the period at which one-fifth of the depart. accomplish what accident had before defeated the overthrow
ments return representatives to the chamber of deputies, and the of the throne of the Czars. The defection of the Prussians, | partial change just been made in the French ministry, are circum.. which was represented as an act of the grossest treachery, stances which excite great interest in Paris, and doubtless through.
out the whole of France. Marshal St Cyr has succeeded the Duke again disappointed their hopes ; but the same confidence in the
of Feltre as war minister, and Count Mole has succeeded St Cyr invincibility and fine genius of the French, and the same confi
as minister of marine. It appears, therefore, that the struggle for dence in their ultimate triumph, continued to the last. And
power, which has for some time existed between the constitutional even Sir Robert Wilson, in his present work, which is so often party and the ultra royalists, has terminated to the advantage of referred to, by these new alarmists, states, that on the close of
A considerable number of French ecclesiastics have declined the the campaign of 1814, “ 60,000 French baffled the operations
bishoprics to which the King had appointed them. of 200,000 of the allies,” " that the victories of Napoleon Two men, Desbans and Chayoux, bave been shot on the plains * screwed them, as it were, in a vice, from which, if defection had of Grenelle for treasonable designs against the lives of the French not extricated them, they were unable to secure their retreat.”_princes. With all this evidence of Russian weakness, and French supe
General Lascy, who was implicated in the late insurrectionary
movements in the east of Spain, has been conveyed to Minorca, riority, we are now called upon to believe, that the two nations
and put to death. have suddenly exchanged their designs and their characters that The action brought by the Duke of Wellington, at Ghent, a. the profligate ambition, and unlimited resources of the “ great
gainst the editor of the West Flanders Journal, for a libel, in im. nation," bave been at once transferred to the stupid impoverished
puting to his grace an interference in the government of Mare
tinique, has been dismissed, with costs. His grace has carried the Russian, a member only of that allied force which sunk before a cause to the court of appeal.