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October 25, 1817.)
The Stage Coach.-Royal Wardrobe, 8c. of Scotland.

77 the many pleasant compositions with which she insisted upon inside accommodation absorbed in study; the gentleman began we have been since amused. It is true, for her feathered companions. This, to converse in a low tone with his chara we must now and then meet with unto however, we strenuously opposed ; and sposa ; and I talked politics with the ward circumstances in this style of tra- finding that object unattainable, she left sailor. But all this was ineffectual to velling; as the being disappointed of pla. them at length unprotected upon the roof. restrain the incessant garrulity of the ces; or thrust in amongst unaccommoda. No sooner were we again in motion, than lady, who, on hearing the name of Bona, ting companions; or, when stopping on she began to complain of confinement; parte, cried out, “ As to him, I regard the road, being summoned back again to and removing her glove, to display a pro- him as an infamous carratter, and was the coach before the agreeable process of fusion of emeralds and brilliants, decla. be to come here, and I had a pistol, there refection is completed : not to mention the red she was never used to travel in so should not be wanting somebody to shoot pleasant casualties of being overturned, mean a style, and that nothing but the him."--In this vray we proceeded the or run away with; from which, by the most urgent necessity could have com- remaining part of the journey, and to bye, the best whips and the best horses pelled her to such a meanness. The my great satisfaction found ourselves at are not always insured. But as I consi- clergyman observed : “ Madam, in order length on the pavement of London. On der myself somewhat of a philosopher, I to accomplish a desirable purpose, we arriving at the inn, the independent lady willingly encounter all these inconveni. mụst sometimes submit to trifling incon desired a coach should be instantly obences for the sake of enjoying a scene veniencies; though I hope the company tained ; and having seen her impedimenta which presents fairly to view the surface will render your journey less unpleasant stowed into it, she drove off, of society, and not unfrequently abounds iban you seem to anticipate."" As I shall perhaps, on another oecasion, with information, amusement, and ad- to that,” she replied, “ I am a real in- communicate some further particulars of venture. At present, I shall confine dependent lady, and bave never allowed my journeyings in these useful vehicles; myself to a single character this mode of myself to be in the way of ill-convenience but would recommend the subject, in the travelling has furnished ; of wbich, should before. In short, Sir, being a lady of meantime, to some of your more able corit appear a rara avis in terris, I can.on- fortune, I have spent my time in making respondents, who may also bave had an ly observe, that it is taken from the life, myself comfortable, and benefiting my opportunity of enjoying the company of and that my effort has only been to sof inferiors ; und-was’ I worth twenty thou a few passengers in a steam-boat, during ten, and diminish the pecoliarities of the sand a.year, I should be liable to do a a gale, or in a conveyance somewhat betoriginal.

great deal of good with it.”“Madam," ter known--a Kinghorn boat. Some time

ago,

I had occasion to visit said our naval companion, “ I wish your country, and seated myself as usual in people, who possess extensive means." - Inventory of the Royal Wardrobe, 8c. of the stage. My only companions at first"As to them,” said the lady, “ I consi

* I consi- Scotland, in the 15th and 16th centuries. were an old clergyman and an officer in der them no better than beggars, for they the navy : however, we soon received an live upou the nation, and are not inde Sir, accession of a lady and gentleman on their pendent. In short, 1 look upon myself You are not perbaps ignorant, though return to town. The morning was fine, as much above them, being of indepen. I believe it is but partially known, that a the roads excellent, and our progress very dent fortune.”- The other lady, who, it very curious book was lately edited bere agreeable. After discussing the usual seemed, had watched an opportunity to by a learned and distinguished person, topics of wind, weather, and provisions, say something satirical, observed, she who holds a high office connected with I had just engaged the clergyman in a thought it a great pity that people of in the custody of the public records of the conversation respecting the present state dependent fortunes should not receive an kingdom, containing a collection of inof English literature, when, on approach, education equal to their circumstances.-ventories of the royal wardrobe and jewel ing a small house at a short distance from The other immediately exclaimed, “ As house of Scotland, and of the artillery the road, we were startled by a stentorian to that, I don't admire your modern edu- and munition in some of the royal castles, command to stop. Having never before, cation. Young ladies, whose parents can during the period from 1488 to 1606. in the course of my travels, heard such hardly afford it, go to boarding-scbools, The papers in that volume (of which only an outcry, I began to apprehend some im- and learn to draw and dance, and play Ewenty copies, I believe, were printed) minent danger, and instantly looked out music; and when they come home, they illustrate various matters connected with to ascertain the cause, when the first thing know nothing in a domestical way. 1 the state of Scotland in the 15th and 16th that attracted notice was a lady in all the would have young ladies learn nothing centuries ; and, as is justly observed in pride of silks and feathers holding a caged but plain reading, writing, and spelling; the preface, while they afford a display of songster in each hand. Her appearance and then come home to learn the domes- the establishments of the Scottish court, was at once bold and commanding ; and ticals, which would make them useful in sufficient to correct the false representahad she held the spear and shield of Mi. society.” When this phenomenon first tions of national poverty and meanness, nerva, would bave wanted nothing in ap- entered, from the imposing singularity of into which some intelligent writers bave pearance to personate that goddess in her her appearance, she attracted universal been betrayed, by the want of authentic most terrible form. A long time was notice; but wbén we had been favoured evidence on the subject, they at the same occupied in the disposal of her luggage, with these specimens of her manners and time furnish some amusing glimpses of in the course of which she frequently acquirements

, and had been nearly stun the interior nakedness of those domestic found occasion to express her dissatisfac- ned by the loudness of her tones, a gene-arrangements, where a certain barbaric tion and impatience. She at length, ral attempt was made to dismiss her to splendour was aimed at, but accompahowever, proceeded to enter the coach; her merited insignificance. The elergy nied, it should seem, by few of those conwhen, after complaining of its being full, ) man pulled out 'a Polybius, and appeared / veniencies or luxuries which are regarded

TO THE EDITOR.

78
Royal Wardrobe, Sc. of Scotland.-Fisheries.

[ October 23, 1817, as constituting the most indispensable ac I shall not now extend this detail. obtain tame fishes; and this incurred a quisitions of modern opulence and refine. Such curious remains, however, certainly most ruinous expense : for these inmates ment.

tend to give a nearer and more distinct lived on no ordinary food. More was As an instance of this contrast, in the view of the manners, the characters, and bestowed on these objects than on the “ inventair of the clothing, abilyamentis, domestic habits of our ancestors, than children of the family : certain kinds " and uthir graith of the richt excellent can possibly be derived from general were considered as sacred, as well by the " and mychti prince king James the history. In this volume, we have not Romans as the Greeks. Of this the “ fyft, king of Scotland, maid the xxv only a list of the “ fantaseis, fedderis, mullus was a distinguished instance. To

day of the moneth of marche, the yeir “ masking, claithes, pictures, cairtis, the elegance of its form, it united the " of God įm: v thretty and nine“ and veschellis of glass,” used by the property of a divine flavour, and of living “ yeris, than being in bis bienes ward-giddy and unfortunate Mary, but also of both in freshwater and salt. Being “ robbis,” no less than twenty five the “buiks” which formed her library; known to quit the sea in spring time, for

gownis” are described, all of them of among which we discover “ The first the natural lochs of the coast, the Ro" claith of gold or silver, silk, satyne, “ buik of Rolland Amoreuse," “ Erro. mans availed themselves of the happy “ and velveit,” with “ hornis and but. “ res Amoreases,” and “ ane buik of discovery, and placed this fish in their “ tonis of gold.". Many " quhite coitis, “ Devilry,” mixed with the fathers and reservoirs, changing with the season; “blak coitis, ryding coitis, and cassakis" polernics of the Catholic Church. taking care to furnish it with those kinds of the same costly sort ;

66 doublettis of
Edinburgh.

P. of shellfish which they supposed to be its crammosy, velvett and satyne, of pur

favourite food. The mullus was often pure and qubite;" with “bois of blak

sold for its weight in gold. The Emper“ velvett, and hois of purpure on claith

FISHERIES

or Tiberius, as Seneca relates, sold one " of gold;" while the bed furniture of

by auction between two bidders, Agicius the same prince appears to have consisted The luxury of the Romans, as the em and Octavius ;' it weighed four pounds, exclusively of the bangings, which were of pire advanced, was prodigious. The scarus, and was bought by the latter at the price silk or velvet, of “ įwa stikkit mattis, among other fish, was one of the delicacies of four thousand' sesterces *. Asinius “ with ane bowstar, and ane cod, with of the table before it was naturalized in Celer paid eight thousand sesterces for a “ ane stikkit holland claith, and ane the seas of Italy : Horace mentions it as rarity of this kind ; and Suetonjus in“ scheit of fustiane,” with coveratouris such : but under the emperors the liver forms us, that three of them were sold of grene and reid taflaties stikkit, and of this fish brought astonishing prices : for thirty thousand sesterces. this for each of “ foure grate beddis ;" | it was served in the centre of dainties

The murena,

or rather the mureand the fifth is described as litle obtained from Persia and India. While mopha, was kept in reservoirs ; its va. “ tursing bed of the kingis grace, with Carthage was the rival of Rome, the fish loe was mightily increased, from the

ane canapie of blak dammas, ane stikeries were followed only as a supply of circumstance of the lamentations and “ kit matt with ane bowstar, ane fus- food"; but after the destruction of that tears of Antonja, a lady of the first “ tiane scheit with ane coveratour of city, they became abjects of luxury. The fashion, for the death of one, for which “ blak taffaties stikkit, with twa reid table groaned under fish of the most costly she had taken a fancy, in the reservoirs mantillis to the samyne bed."

kinds ; and chiefs newly enriched by of Baiæ. Crassus was more afflicted for In the same curious volume, is an “in the spoils of Asia and Africa knew no a similar loss, than for the death of three ventair of the movables” belonging to bounds to their indulgence. Fish were of his children. These fishes were renQueen Mary,“ qubilkis are in the handis brought in light vessels from the coasts of dered so tame, that they would come of Servais de Conde, vallet of chalmer to Sicily and lonia: the people of whom in- when called by their owners.

The gills hir Grace, 25 November 1561;” and an vented the manner of forming bolds, in of these favourites were adorned with “ inventair of the jewellis, plenissings, which the fish were preserved alive during rings, like the ear-rings worn by the Ro. “artaillerie and munitioun, being within the passage to Rome. Nevertheless, the sea man ladies ; and little golden murene " the castel of Edinburglı,” which belong. sons and storms would sometimes prevent combined into chains and collets, became ed to her Majesty, taken by command of a supply; vast basins were therefore con- the fashionable ornaments, necklaces, and her son James Ví. in 1578; in wbich, structed near the sea; with strong dykes bracelets, of the dames of the highest amidst an infinity of “gownis

, vaskenis

, to resist the waves, and immense excava- quality, which continued down to the “ skirtis, slevis, doublettis, vaillis, var- tions in the sides of mountains. In these eighth century, and even later. Such “ ding allis, clokis, &c. of parper velvet were kept fishes from Syria, Egypt, the was the fondness of the ancients, for the “ embroderit about with gold furrit, islands of Rhodes and Crete, ready on acquisition of what were difficulties by “ with spottit armenis, qubite champit all occasions. These reservoirs were of nature. After all, these fisheries were “ chalmellit of silk, with pasmentis of two kinds : fresh water and salt water.- but child's play to those which were car. “ gold, armosie, taffetie, crammosie sa- The first were called plebeian, as the pa ried on by the northern nations: they “ tine," and other obsolete and forgot- tricians mostly affected the others, which administered indeed to depraved tastes ; ten sorts of finery," thretty sax pair cost in their construction as much as a but they neither supplied any proportion " of velvot schone of sindrie culloris, sea-port. Lucullus, as a further refine- of food to the public, nor called out the

pasmentit with gold and silver; ten- ment, caused deep caverns to be formed, energies and courage of those who en" pair of wolvin hois, of gold, silver, to which the fish might retire for shade gaged in them. It is among the storms " and silk.” Her Majesty had also and coolness during the heats of summer, and tempests of the north we must look " thre pair of wolvin hois of worsett of that they might lose nothing of their fla“ Garnsay, and sex pair of gloves of the vour and delicacy for the table. After

• A sextertius was 'hearly two-pence of our thisextravagance, the next fashion was to money.

ane

66

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October 25, 1817.]
Fisheries. Fine Arts

79 for that contempt of danger which ren-commerce só valuable, by strangers. Of. | tained a fishing establishment on the coast ders a fisherman or seaman fearless. ten they attempted to expel the Hanse of Scania, in which other Dutch ports Clessel has not scrupled to affirm that towns from their fisheries at Skanor. participated by their vessels, under an the herriug fishery in particular was fol. Eric, one of these kings, having caused agreement with the kings of Denmark lowed on the coast of Norway, in ages some fishermen of Lubeck to be arrested, and Sweden. A company was formed prior to the historical epochas of the drew on bimself the resentment of the at Middleburgh, in 1271, under the proGreeks and Romans. Other writers have wbole confederacy. According to the tection of the earls of Flanders, in order doubted this ; and have placed its origin chronology of Cornerus, their troops be to insure the stability of the fisheries, and much lower. M. Noel thinks that we sieged Copenhagen, took it by assault, to promote their further enlargement. cannot err in placing the fisheries of pillaged it, rased the fortress, and return “ Agriculture," says the Abbe Raynal, Denmark, Norway, and Iceland, as far ed, having loaded their vessels with could never be a leading object in Holback as our earliest information will wealth and plunder. A war was the land, although the land be cultivated to reach. In the year 888, a great quanti- consequence ; and now for the first time the utmost perfection of which it is susty of herrings was caught near the island are mentioned those famous Sound duties, ceptible ; but the herring fishery stands of Heligoland, if we may credit Scho- which have always been the subject of this country in the stead of agriculture : ning; and these were sent for sale into dispute by the maritime powers ; and it is a new means of subsistence, a school England; whence it is inferred, that which, in former times, might have taken for sailors: borne on the waves, they this was a quantity over and above the rise in the obligation of the king of Den plough the seas, they draw from thence demand for home consumption; and this mark to protect foreign vessels from pi- their support, they struggle with storms, proves the flourishing state and activity rates, in the North sea and in the Bal- and they learn, without bazard, to vana of the fisheries at that period. The fol. tic. Whether this was the real intention quish difficulties and dangers.”_" Withlowing century affords new proofs of the of that monarch may be doubted. He out woods, without forests," writes Bentiadvantages derived by the Norwegians was master of both sides of the Sound; voglio, “ Holland alone constructs more from this pursuit. The ports distinguish- and he exercised the right of proprietor ships than almost the whole of Europe ed by this commerce, were Bergen, Tons over the waters included in his domi- besides, [this was true, in his days, though berg, and Nider-Aas, now called Dron. nions; but his chief purpose was to bu. not true now.] She owes this ability to theim. In Denmark, the Lumfiord was miliate the Hanse towns, wbich, far from the herring fishery ; with the sturdy so famous for the shoals of herrings submitting to duties be demanded for li. arms employed in that occupation, she which frequented it, that the inhabitants berty of passage, determined in a gene- disconcerted the tyranny of the Spaniard, were reported to live on nothing else ; ral assembly to have recourse to arms, and came out from the waters which deriving their subsistence from the sea, and to fish for herring, and salt their fish surrounded her, victorious over oppresas elsewhere the inhabitants derive their's under this protection, notwithstanding sion."-" Although this fishery (of her. from the field. The preparation of such any opposition from the king of Den rings) and the art of salting the fish," obimmense quantities of fish required the mark.

serves Voltaire, seems to be no very supply of a proportionate quantity of salt; Holland and Zealand are so favourably great object in the bistory of the world, the greater part of wbich was obtained situated for the fisheries, that the origin nevertheless, it is the basis of the greatfrom abroad, and principally from the of their commerce is self evident. T'he ness of Amsterdam, in particular; and to merchants of Bremen. About this time, fisheries, and above all the berring fish say truth, further still, it has converted Iceland, which had been discovered by ery, introduced them as merchants, led a country formerly barren and despicable accident, was slowly but progressively them to distant shores, and enabled them into a rich and respectable power." Such peopled : at first by adventurers who ad. to undertake those maritime expeditions are the testimonies of eminent writers to dicted themselves to piracy; but the fish- with which they have been familiar, and the importance of the fisheries: it need .eries insensibly drew them off from that by which they have been distinguished. not be repeated, that the most eminent violent means of obtaining support, and The first inhabitants of these marshes statesmen of ihe British nation have coin. they now followed the track of the Nors were obliged to depend on the ocean for cided in this opinion, and have done their wegians, though not with equal success. their food. The soil, though it gave them utmost to enforce it, in behalf of their At the period when the great herring birth, could not maintain them. Neces- own country, fishery was stationed in the Baltic, and sity made them fishermen and seamen ; when the coast of Scania took its share and practice taught them the art of prein the profits, the export trade of the ar- paring fish equal, and at length, superior,

FINE ARTS. ticle was in the hands of two nations : to those of any other people. the slaves exported by land, and the The Brill was the first port that con. SIR, Saxons exported by sea. These people, ducted the herring fishery on regular The communication of your corresponand generally those of lower Germany, principles. Zirickzee soon followed, and dent C. A. in your last Number, on the made this fish their principal food. But the wealth of these towns became the ob- establishing an academy for the advancewhen the more regular appearance of the ject of emulation to others : tbe fisheries ment of the Fine Arts, has given rise to shoals off Skanor and Falsterbo was as at the mouth of the Meuse, and the the following reflections, which I subcertained, the Brandenburghers on one neighbouring coasts, increased, and ex- mit to the consideration of the public; pari, and the Hanseatic confederacy on tended to Scotland and to Norway. Nor convinced, that although they may never the other, seized on this branch of com. were the labours of the Hollanders less be acted upon, they may have some effect merce. It cannot be supposed, that the successful in the old fishing stations of in rousing the public mind from the lekings of Devmaik could view, without Denmark and Lower Germany. Cam. thargy and indifference in which it has so jealousy open or secret, tbis monopoly of a pen, a town of Over Issel, bad long main long remained, with regard to tbis subject.

TO THE EDITOR.

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80
Fine Arts.The Drama.

[October 25, 1817.
Although the importance of these arts particular, the example of which would would revive in Scotland the glories of
has long been verbally assented to (though give the ion to the rest of Scotland, it Athens, instead of imitating the clumsy
perhaps but little felt), no step has ever appears to me neither degrading to the forms of Gothie barbarity, or obstructing
been taken by the public, as a body, to institution, nor useless to the community, the prospects of our finest buildings; and
promote or patronize them ; nor have that there should be a teacher of drawing our public walks, instead of the tasteless-
they ever formed a part of the public edu- associated with the other masters of the ness which they at present exbibit, would
cation of youth, notwithstanding the ma. High School, who should have suitable rival the gardens of Pompey and Lucullus.
ny and great practical advantages with accommodation in the building. It may
wbich this course of study is pregnant. be objected to this, that it is unnecessary,

THE DRAMA.
The plan of your correspondent, with as there are so many able professors in

DRURT-LANE. regard to the establishment of an acade. town, without attaching one to the insti. Mr Maywood, though somewhat short, my, appears to me, in the main, sound and tution ; but, on the other hand, the ad. has not a bad face or voice, and is perliberal, and, were it placed on a proper vantage will be, that many parents will baps an intelligent man, as niost persons footing, would be highly advantageous to be induced to send their children there, possessing a decent talent for the stage the arts; but, in order to render the la- who would not otherwise think of it at all. are likely to be ; but he undertakes great bours of the academy fully efficient, the A professorship or lectureship should parts, and he is not at all fitted for them. public mind ought to be prepared, by also be founded in the University, for an He has got a notion of being easy and founding such institutions for the instruc- annual course of lectures on the subject, natural wbich, by the way, bas very obtion of our youth in the principles and to include painting, sculpture, architec- servably made its way among the actor's - practice of these arts, as would make ture, and engraving, which, treated in a lately, chiefly, no doubt, from the examthem, when their education was comple- historical and critical manner, would de ple of Mr Kean--but he cannot act up to led, (instead of ignorant and pretending velope their principles and their relation it. As little will Mr Stanley supply the connoisseurs,) rational and intelligent ad to one another, and form a most instruc. place in coinedy. Siuce his first appearmirers, liberal and discerning patrons, or tive and entertaining view of the subject, ance, bis friends have lowered their tone skilful practitioners.

And a fund might be established to form respecting bim; but we do not think that The neglect of this is so much more a small collection, pictures, casts from he will succeed even to the extent, or at to be wondered at; when we consider the the antiques, and books connected with least pot in the way, they imagine. He great attention that is paid to most other these arts, which, by legacies, donations, wants all the essential spirit of comedy, useful and oroamental branches of edu- &c. would ultimately form a highly re: high or low. We do not know what be cation in this country; and that there are spectable accession to the University ; and may have been in the habit of acting at few of the civil employments that the the books already in the College library, Bath ; but a babit of acting at a country .educated

part of the community may be on these subjects, might be transferred to theatre is a very different thing from true engaged in, such as medicine, engineer- this department.

acting in a metropolis. His Ranger, the ing, and mechanics, that would not de The Trustees' Academy might also be other night, in the Suspicious Husband, rive assistance from the fine arts, and transferred to suitable apartments in the was as deficient in real levity, in enjoy. that so many of our youth are destined College, (where I believe it originally was) ment, in continuousness, in short, in anifor the army or

navy, for situations either and the magnificent collection of casts mal spirits, as bis Rover in Wild Oats ; civil or military in our possessions in from the antique already belonging to this and the want was the more observable, Asia, America, &c. in all which the cul institution, might be conveniently arran inasmuch as the part of Ranger is less tivation of the fine arts will ever be the ged for the twofold purpose of study and broken into by any thing serious. He most agreeable amusement, and very fre- ornament, while free access to the pub. wants even self-possession, wben there is quently a source of great advantage to lic might be afforded at seasonable hours. nothing particular for him to do ;-it is themselves, as well as to their country. As the present apartments in Picardy- bis part, and not the spirit of it that oc

It cannot be doubted that our youth place, though sufficiently elegant, are nei copies him. Thus nothing could be more who travel, from want of sufficient know ther commodious for the students, nor in truly heavy than his first scene, where he ledge in these arts, løse many opportuni- a situation fitted to excite the attention appears in bis chambers, as the lawyer. It ties of acquiring and communicating use of the public, which ought to be attracted was a lawyer indeed, but it was not Ranful information ; while from want of other towards it by conspicuousness of situation ger, who is no lawyer ;-it was not a amusement, when on distant and seclu- and facility of access, I conceive that, be young and sprightly lawyer :-when he ded stations, many of our officers of the sides giving becoming dignity to the instood listening to his friends, he was like army and navy have, contrary to their stitution, by associating it with the Uni. a clerk in court, holding a book while natural inclinations, yielded to the allure-versity, it would be highly beneficial to the barrister is talking. His voice also, ments of dissipation and debauchery, in or the national taste, and to the cause of art, now that we are upon these associations, der to relieve their minds from the tedium to deposit this collection in so respectable reminded us of a stiff

, solid, and solemn and enoui of their situations. a place.

one we bave heard at the bar. We reIt appears to me that this evil might If all this were done (and there is cer. peat our opinion, tbat the proper part of in a great measure be remedied, were tainly nothing chimerical in it) we might Mr Stanley is in the middle walk of eithere an accredited teacher of drawing then hope to see a Royal Scottish Aca- ther comedy or tragedy- which is in fact in every great public seminary, as there demy of the Fine Arts--then every thing neither comic nor tragic, but when well are already in the provincial academies of tending to promote the arts would pros- trodden, gives an actor the title of respectPerth, Ayr, &c. and that the influence per-we night then hope to see (as fine able. Mr Stanley may be at the top of of the great should be exerted to promote stones do not always constitute fine build- this; and we shall be extremely glad to the object. With regard to this place in lings) our city improved by edifices wbich) meet and applaud him there.--Examiner.

October 25, 1817.]
Notices Biographical, Historical, &c.

81 NOTICES

nobles under the whole regime an excellent mo. consist of fifteen or twenty persons. It would

ral people, very charitable, and very religious, be unnecessarily tedious to detail all that occur. BIOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, MORAL, &c.

in the teeth of notorious facts--to answer to red at this visit; we shall therefore confine our Mr Burke. --Burke was a man of fine fancy the handsome things he has to say in favour of relation to a general statement of those facts and subtle reflection ; but not of sound and priesthood and nobility in general; and, with which seem to have the most direct tendency to practical judgment, nor of high or rigid princi- similar views, he falsifies the records of our elucidate the rationale of the case. To a casual ples. As to bis understanding, he certainly | English revolution, and puts an interpretation

or unskilful observer, there does not appear to was not a great philosopher ; for his works of on the word abdication, of which a schoolboy be a defect in the usual organs of vision, the mere abstract reasoning are shallow and inef. would be ashamed. He constructed his whole eyes being in all respects apparently perfect ; but ficient: nor a man of sense and business; for, theory of government, in short, not on rational, this would seem to be of little consequence, as both in counsel and in conduct, he alarmed his but ont picturesque and fanciful principles; as she readily consents to have her eyelids entirely friends as much at least as bis opponents : but if the king's crown were a painted gewgaw, to closed. The experimients we are about to relate he was a keen and accomplished pamphleteer be looked at on gala-days.; titles an empty were performed with equal facility. When man ingenious political essayist. He applied sound, to please the ear; and the whole order the goggles (described in our last) were tied the habit of reflection, which he had borrowed of society a theatrical procession. His lamen- closely over her eyes when the eyelids were from his metaphysical studies, hut which was tations over the age of chivalry, and his pro. shut, and goldbeater's skin cemented over them, not competent to the discovery of any elemen-jected crusade to restore it, is about as 'wise as and when either the goggles, or a handkertary truth in that department, with great facili- if any one, from reading the Beggar's Opera, chief, were tied upon the goldbeater's skin, sety and success, to the mixed mass of human af. should take to picking of pockets: or, from veral pieces of coloured silk were placed before fairs. He knew more of the political machine miring the landscapes of Salvator Rosa, should her; and, passing her fingers over them, she than a recluse philosopher : and he speculated wish to convert the abodes of civilized life into readily told the different shades, and pointed more profoundly on its principles and general the haunts of wild beasts and banditti, On out the patterns of various prints. A small glass results than a mere politician. He saw a num. this principle of false refinement, there is no a- vial was put into her hands, containing several ber of fine distinctions and changeable aspects buse, nor system of abuses, that does not admit pieces of silk of different colours, and she dis of things, the good mixed with the ill, and the of an easy and triumphant defence ; for there is eriminated, in like manner, the various shades ill mixed with the good ; and with a sceptical something which a merely speculative inquirer through the vial. Some letters were produced, indifference, in which the exercise of his own may always find out, good as well as bad, in the directions of which she readily decyphered, ingenuity was always the governing principle, every possible system, the best or the worst; through a piece of common window-glass, pla. suggested various topics to qualify or assist the and if we can once get rid of restraints of com. ced at equal distances between the object and judgment of others. But for this very reason mon sense and honesty, we may easily prove, her face, ber fingers touching the glass. With he was little calculated to become a leader or a by plausible words, that liberty and slavery, a magnifying-glass, placed in the same situation, partizan in any important practical measure: peace and war, plenty and famine, are matters her powers of discernment appeared to be infor the babit of his mind would lead him to of perfect indifference.-Ed. Rev.

creased. She also described the features of se. find out a reason for against any thing: and Military Physiognomy.--In & late work veral individuals in the company, as reflected in it is not on speculative refinements, (which be-titled Darstellungen, &c. Picture of the History a looking-glass placed on her knee. The faculty long to every side of a question,) but on a just of the War of Thirty years, by J. C. A. Rose, which, it is said, she possesses of distinguishing estimate of the aggregate mass and extended Magdeburgh, is a remarkable instance of physi- objects when placed behind her, was not, on the combinations of objections and advantages, that iognomical appropriation. The author takes oc- present occasion, at all in operation ; for when. he ought to decide or act. Burke had the casion to delineate the manners, the adminis. ever her attention was called to an object not power of throwing true or false weights into trations of the cities, and the private life of the placed in a direct line downwards from her face, the scales of political casuistry, but no firmness Germans, at the period of the war that forms she uniformly failed to ascertain any of its quaof mind-or, shall we say, honesty enough to the subject of his history. Nor does he refuse lities ; her powers seemed also gone, when any hold the balance. When he took a side, his insertion to several striking incidents in the thing opake intervened between her face and Tanity or his spleen more frequently gave the lives of the principal persons who rose to emi- the object she endeavoured to recognize. casting vote than his judgment; and the fieri nence during that time of trouble, such as The case thus remains enveloped in mystery, ness of his zeal was in exact proportion to the Wallenstein, Count Henry Pappenheim, and in whatever light it is viewed. Against the levity of his understanding, and the want of General Tilly. Count Pappenheim, says the theory of the touch alone being concerned, is the conscious sincerity. He was Atted by nature author, had formed his mind by study and by fact we have just stated, that, as far as our oband habit for the studies and labours of the travel ; but his disposition forced him into the servation goes, she requires an uninterrupted closet ; and was generally mischievous when he career of arms, where he distinguished himself communication between her face and the object came out; because the very subtlety of his so highly as to gain the esteem and confidence examined, which could not be necessary if the reasoning, which, left to itself, would have coûn. of Tilly, an experienced general, at once cir. ideas were conveyed to the brain (as some have teracted its own activity, or found its level in cumspect and considerate, who had been brought supposed) through the nerves of the fingers. the common sense of mankind, became a dan. up in the armies of Spain, commanded by the On the other hand, we can scarcely conceive it gerous engine in the hands of power, which is Duke of Alva, Don John of Austria, and Alex- possible that she should see through the usual always eager to make use of the most plausible ander Farnese, Prince of Parma. Pappenheim, channel, after the means we have described had pretexts to cover the most fatal designs. That says the author, seemed to be born for war. been adopted to keep down the eyelids. which, if applied as a general observation on Nature herself had imprinted on his forehead Mal du pays, or Home-sickness of the Swiss. human affairs, is a valuable truth suggested to the mark of two swords crossing each other ; I know not (says M. Von Bonstetten) a more the mind, may, when forced into the interested and even in his old age this mark became visi- remarkable phenomenon than the disorder known defence of a particular measure or system, be ble wbenever he allowed the vehemence of his in Switzerland by the name of Mal du pays. come the grossest and basest sophistry. Facts character to obtain its natural sway. Report When I was in office at Gessenay, I became ac. or consequences never stood in the way of this affirmed, that in his infancy he was never quainted with a village schoolmaster, who was speculative politician. He fitted them to his pre known to weep. His soldiers were strongly at passionately fund of botany. The inhabitants of conceived theories, instead of conforming his tached to him; his enemies esteemed him ; and cities can scarcely form a conception of the haptheories to them. They were the play-things Gustavus Adolphus called him “ the soldier." piness to be found in a sinple life, where the of bis style, the sport of his fancy. They were He was generous, he despised riches. His whole desires never exceed the means of gratifying the straws of which his imagination made a soul was engrossed by avidity of military glory. them. Faverod-this was the name of the blaze, and were consumed, like straws in the Tohim Tilly confided the assault of Magdeburgh, schoolmasterhad no affections but what were blaze they had served to kindle. The fine and the destruction of the place.

engrossed by his wife, his only daughter, his things he said about liberty and humanity, in Miss M Avoy.The singular and inexplicable dog, and the plants of his valley. His library his speech on the Begum's affairs, told equally care of this young lady still occupies a large por. consisted of an old botanical work, and Linnæus well, whether Warren Hastings was a iyrant tion of public attention. To the facts we have and Haller were known to him but by name. or not: nor did he care one jot who caused already recorded, (says the Preston Cloronicle), Sucb was his love of this science, that to the the famine he described, so that he described it we are enabled to add a few others, which were great offence of the villagers, he had banished in a way to attract admiration.". On the same witnessed by the publisher of this paper, a few almost all the culinary vegetables from his garprinciple, he represents thé French priests and days ago, in presence of a company which might | den to make room for Alpine plants. This gar.

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