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MISSIONARY ANNIVERSARY, 1851. THE ANNUAL MEETING of the Society will be held in Exeter-Hall, on Monday, May 5th : and we have the greatest satisfaction in being authorised to announce that the Rev. Dr. Duff, from India, bas engaged to favour the Society with his presence and help at that Meeting. We also rejoice to state that the Four usual week-day Sermons before the Society will be preached, if the Lord will, by the Rev. ALFRED BARRETT, of Manchester; the Rev. DR. NEWTON, of Liverpool; the Rev. DR. BEECHAM, President of the Conference; and (at Great Queen-Street, on Friday morning, May 2d) by the Rev. DR. CANDLISH, of Edinburgh. The Sabbath-Sermons will be preached, as usual, in the Eight Circuit chapels, on Sunday, May 4th.–Particulars will be given next month.
MISSIONS IN CONTINENTAL INDIA.
November 7th, 1850. BIBLE-DISTRIBUTION.-Five or six We generally commence by reading a months ago, I informed you that the portion of a book or tract on the verities Committee of the Madras Auxiliary of our holy religion; and, at the close, Bible Society had resolved on mak- an address is given to the bystanders : ing a strenuous effort for the more and occasionally we have discussions extensive circulation of the holy Scrip. with the people, as it often happens that tures, especially in southern India. “I our remarks call forth their cavils. also informed you, that Colporteurs It is astonishing to think what a vast would be employed in order to carry out amount of ignorance prevails on religious the intentions of the Committee. One subjects among the lower orders of sociof the agents is placed under my super- ety. Very many of them do not know vision. He commenced his operations the difference between sin and virtue. in the month of July. He keeps a daily That all our actions are either good or journal, in which he enters the kind of bad, being in accordance with, or opreception experienced, and the number of posed to, the law of God, they are enbooks distributed. During the last four tirely ignorant. Though some of their months about sixteen hundred portions objections to Christianity may require a of holy Scripture have been circulated; little skill to answer, others are so simconsisting principally of the Gospels, ple, that a child might confute their and the Acts of the Apostles. This is
I remember, a short time ago, a fact which must gladden the heart of that an individual in the street, with the Christian philanthropist.
whom we were conversing, admitted that STREET-PREACHING.-It has been God was a Spirit; and that, conseour plan to proclaim the Gospel in the quently, we could not see Him with our open air for several years; but, in order bodily eyes: yet he contended that the to render this part of our work more moon was a god. I asked him if he efficient, we have just commenced on a could see the moon, He replied, more extensive scale, and in a way which
« Yes." “ Then,” said I, “according will, we humbly trust, be more calcu- to your own confession, the moon canlated to secure a larger amount of good. not be God. We cannot see God: but We go together, and intend to visit we can see the moon : therefore, the every street and lane of this large town. moon is not God." I remember, also, VOL. VII.FOURTH SERIES.
on another occasion, a Brahmin affirmed that as God was everywhere, He was in their idols; and therefore it was right to worship idols. We told him, that God was certainly everywhere, but He was not everything: He differs from all creatures. He is present everywhere in a way that we cannot fully comprehend.
We are certain that He is everywhere by His knowledge, and by His power. He knows all things : He upholds all things. He pervades the universe.
During the year we have distributed a large number of tracts, which will, we trust, be carefully read by some who have received them.
MISSIONS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA. We have much pleasure in giving to our readers the conclusion of Mr. William Shaw's very satisfactory account of the Colonial stations, and their out-posts, in the Albany District, as reported on his return from a recent tour among them; and to this we append an interesting letter respecting the progress of the work at D'Urban.-Reports similar to that of Mr. Shaw, (succinct, lucid, and comprehensive, though brief,) respecting other Missionary Districts, carefully prepared by the General Superintendents or Chairmen, would be very advantageous to the Committee at home, and acceptable to the readers of the “ Missionary Notices." Extract of a Letter from the Rev. William Shaw, dated Graham's-Town,
September 19th, 1850.
(Concluded from page 202.) We left Uitenhage on the 8th of to and receive instruction. I was, how. August, and, by dint of very hard travel. ever, obliged to withdraw the Missionary, ling, reached Somerset (East) on Satur- and send him to fill up a vacancy on day evening, the 10th. From Uitenhage another station, and although the Secrewe proceeded to the great ford at the tary of Government applied to me to Sunday's River, and, thence turning offsend a successor, I was unable to accede due north, travelled upon a new road to the request. We have been so much which the Government is now cutting reduced in number, and receive so rarely through the Zuur-Berg Mountains. This any reinforcement from England, owing work is effected by a party of some three to your limited resources, that I could hundred convicts, chiefly Hottentots and not spare a man for this service. At Kaffirs, &c. The work reflects the present, and for a long time past, therehighest credit on the skill of the English fore, these poor people have had none engineers and other functionaries who to care for their souls, although the direct it. We were struck with admira- Government would very readily pay all tion to see how “ the mountains ” were the expenses required for the support of cut through and “made low," and “the a resident Chaplain. I believe, however, valleys " filled up and “exalted.” If a that at length a suitable person will be way for waggons can be made over such obtained from one of the German Mis. mountains and precipices as these, then sionary Societies. a road may be made by the skill and As I could not stay to preach, I talked industry of man anywhere. And surely with some of the convicts as long as cir. in the moral world wonders may also cumstances would allow; and Mrs. Shaw be expected to be wrought under the scattered a number of tracts among them, guiding skill and active power and which were eagerly and thankfully reinfluence of “ Him” who is “ Head over ceived. It would be well if some kind all things to His church.” I regretted friend would occasionally send me a few very much that I could not stay and bundles of tracts for distribution on my preach to the convicts, as I was engaged journeys. We should “sow beside all to be at Somerset for the following Sunday,
Somerset, East, is a beautifully situated At one time, one of our Missionaries, village, the seat of magistracy, &c., for the supported by Government on the convict surrounding pastoral and agricultural dis. establishment, was stationed amongst trict. I first visited it in 1821, at which these poor people, and much good was time it was a Government farm, under done ; for they are very willing to listen the direction of R. Hart, Esq., who still
survives, and is a Scottish Presbyterian, try, which is found to be very valuable but has ever evinced a kind regard for sheep-farming. Thus an English for our Mission. We have a very neighbourhood has been formed. Mr. handsome small chapel, and Minister's Edwards, at a great expense of time and house, with garden and orchard attach- toil, visits them as often as possible, ed, in this town. We were delighted to although these settlers are from sixty to meet our old friends, Mr. and Mrs. one hundred miles distant from him, Edwards, in excellent health. I preach and his rides out and home on these ed twice in the chapel on Sunday, occasions are such as not many MinisAugust 11th, on behalf of the Sunday- ters would be found either able or will. schools, which here consist of an Eng- ing very frequently to take. However, lish and Native branch. In the after- he has had a good reward : the results, noon I addressed the natives, chiefly considering the extent of the population, Kaffirs and Fingoes, in the school-room, have been remarkably encouraging. which is also used as a Native chapel. Religious ordinances are regularly estabThe Native Teacher and Interpreter is a lished in a district, perhaps fifty miles pious and zealous man. Not a few of distant from the nearest place of worship the natives have, at various times, been of any denomination. Most of the Engconverted at this place; but it is discou- lish families attend : many of them are raging, both to the Missionary and the members, and there is a very considerTeacher, that circumstances frequently able Society of coloured or native memcompel the people to remove from the bers, who are described as being a very village, and go to remote places where respectable and well-conducted class of they can obtain no religious instruction: people. I wish we were able to appoint and thus, much of the good effected is, à Missionary to reside there: the work for a season at least, counteracted. The might then be greatly extended in a friends held their Sunday-school anni- country where there is no man set apart versary. I was much pleased with the to care for the souls of the people. The examination of the scholars, both in the friends there have long been liberal conEnglish and Native school. Much very tributors to our Mission-fund; and if a valuable religious instruction has been Minister could be sent to reside amongst imparted, and a fair proportion of the them, a handsome sum would be contiinatives can read the Kaffir New Testa- buted regularly towards his support. ment. The tea.meeting was held in the Meantime, steps are being taken for the evening; there was a large attendance. erection of a chapel in a central situaC. L. Stretch, Esq., occupied the chair, tion, and to establish a school. and the Rev. Mr. Pears, of the Dutch We left Somerset on the 15th of Reformed Church, rendered assistance August; Mr. Edwards helping us on at the meeting. I delivered an address our way for the first day's journey. appropriate to the occasion. The debt We passed through the Zwager's Hoek, on this chapel is already all paid off, and crossing the winding Little Fish-River the debt remaining on the Minister's twelve times in the course of the day. Next house will soon be liquidated, when we day, which proved excessively cold on the shall also effect a saving of house-rent, tops of the mountains, we passed over and thus the Mission funds will at this the precipitous and all-but.impassable place also be considerably relieved in mountain-road called the Ganna Hoek. another year or so.
Mr. Green had kindly sent to one of our I had the pleasure to meet, at Somer- native members, who lives at the foot of set, with Messrs. Hobson and Robinson, the pass, to meet us with his wellformerly of Albany, and whom I have trained oxen. By this means we got had the pleasure to know from their down the mountain much more easily youth up. They are now settled in the than we otherwise should have done, neighbourhood of the Sunday's River, To such of the colonists as never travel forty or fifty miles below Graaff beyond the boundaries, this road appears Reinett. Mr. Hobson was the first terrific; but I have had to cross still Englishman who migrated to that part more dangerous mountains in my jourof the country. God has wonderfully neys beyond the boundary, sometimes prospered him by His providence since where there was no road or track whathe established himself and family there. ever. However, we were deeply inAs a member of our church he acted debted to Mr. Green's thoughtfulness, faithfully in establishing worship both and to our coloured friend, in providing for his family and numerous native ser- us such efficient assistance. When at vants. Many other English families are the foot of the mountain, this man ingone to reside in that part of the coun- vited us to spend the evening at his place of residence: and, although it was trust-funds: the attendance, including a little out of our direct road, we thought several friends from the country, was it best to comply with his request. very good. In the evening the chapel
In the evening I held a short Duich was quite filled with a highly respectservice with the family. Here I learned able congregation ; and the collections from his wife's own lips, what I had were very liberal indeed. before heard as a rumour, that a recently- This is undoubtedly the most handarrived Romish Priest from Belgium, some chapel which our people have yet named Hoendervanger, called upon her, erected in South Africa. The design and, having ascertained that she attended was furnished by the Rev. John Wilson, the Wesleyan ministry, assured her that of Port-Elizabeth; and the Trustees in such a course she would never be and the Rev. George Green have done saved. As the poor woman made some themselves great credit by having had reference to her Dutch Bible, he took it all its principal features well executed. inio his hands, and, after examining two The interior of the chapel is also come or three passages in it, and expressing fortably fitted up. For its size, it may great disgust and contempt at them, he well serve our friends in this part of the held up the sacred volume, and en- world as a model-chapel. It cost, extreated her at once and without any clusive of the purchase of land, and some delay to throw it into the fire, and burn other extraneous expenses, £1,300, or, it! The fire was burning brightly on inclusive of these et cetera, about £1,500. the hearth at the time. She looked at About £1,000 had been already raised, the Bible and at the Priest, and then at from one source or another, towards the the fire, and, being incapable of speak. cost; and at the Trustee meeting, held ing a word, shuddered with horror. while I was at Cradock, I was glad to Shortly afterwards the Priest went out see such evident proof of the deep inof the house for a while, and her son, a terest taken by our leading friends in all fine youth, who had stood a silent spec- that concerned the trust-property, and tator, as soon as they were alone, said, likewise that, from various sources, in“Mother, let us hide the Bible before cluding the proceeds of the present annihe returns into the house, or else I see versary, there would be the means of he will burn it himself.” Accordingly further reducing the debt by £100, in they_secreted the precious book before the course of this year; so that I hope, The Priest returned to the house, lest he at the end thereof, the debt will not should proceed to commit such a sacri- exceed £400, the whole of which the legious outrage. Such is the method Trustees will take measures to liquidate pursued by this newly-arrived Romish as soon as possible, that all the surplus Missionary, Mr. Hoendervanger, whose chapel-income may be applied in aid of name, being rendered into English, is, the support of the Missionary resident “Mr. Fowl-catcher !”. Of course, this among them. The old chapel is now event furnished me with a topic for my occupied by the coloured people, for exhortation. I spoke at once of the whose benefit regular services are held Divine authority and inestimable value in the Dutch language. We have also of the sacred book, and of the right of all a small chapel and school-house for the human beings to possess it, and to read Kaffirs and Fingoes, and a Native it, as being God's gracious revelation to Teacher, who assists Mr. Green in that universal man; and finally I asked, department. However, this part of the “What sort of Christianity is that work has not latterly prospered, partly which denies to the people the light of owing to the bad effects resulting from God's own book ? Is not this a suffi- the unfaithfulness of a Native Teacher, cient proof to you, that such a form of whom we were obliged some time ago to Christianity is false, and is designed to dismiss from the work, and who has keep you in darkness and ignorance since relapsed into Heathenisi. rather than to bring you into the light of On Monday evening there was a publite?"
lic tea-meeting in aid of the trust-funds. Next morning we proceeded on our It was held in the Government school. way, and reached Cradock in the after- room, which was crammed as full as it
Mr. Green had been very un- would hold ; and I was told some perwell, but was recovering; and both he sons were unable to get inside. It was and Mrs. Green, and the friends gene- gratifying to meet on this occasion all rally, received us with much affection the Ministers of the town belonging to and kindness.
each of the denominations; from all Sunday, August 18th, I preached of whom, including the recently arrived twice in the new chapel, in aid of the Episcopalian Minister, we received ex
pressions of Christian courtesy and kind- the straying of our oxen, we did not ness.
reach Graham's-Town till the morning After having been much pleased of August 29th ; having been absent with the manifestations of zeal and about seven weeks, during which we love, which I witnessed while at Cra- travelled nearly five hundred miles in an dock, we took leave of our friends on ox-waggon. O for the convenience and Wednesday, August 21st, to proceed by rapidity of your English railway.travel. the most direct route to Graham’s-Town. ling! How much fatigue would it save I would have gladly fulfilled a plan us, and, above all, how much more which I had previously sketched in my might we do for the cause of Christ, did wind, and have proceeded onwards to we possess such power of rapid locomoHaslope-Hills, Kamastone, and Lessey- tion! Perhaps our successors may see ion, returning viâ Fort-Beaufort ; but something of this kind even in Africa. the Graham's Town friends wished me I know that you will be glad to hear to be present at their cominy Sunday. that my journey proved very beneficial school anniversary. The Trustees of our to my health, Being so much in the new chapel, now rapidly approaching fresh air was no doubt highly advanits completion, also wished to have me at tageous, and I returned home quite well. home for a while ; and many urgent mat. It was, however, an affecting consideraters connected with our District affairs tion to my own mind, that, while my combined to render it very inexpedient last appearance in the pulpit of our 10 extend my journey any further at Graham's-Town chapel was to preach a present. I was therefore compelled to funeral sermon for my late respected postpone my visit to those places for a friend, the Rev. Thomas 1. Hodgson, future opportunity.
80 the very first public duty I was called We called at several farms on the to perform on my return home, was with way, and I held five services at various reference to the unexpected death of one places, where the opportunities are few of our friends, and an active Trustee of and far between in which the people can our new chapel, who, in the vigour of his hear the word of the Lord. We spent days, was suddenly arrested by disease, the Sabbath at the residence of Mr. and in a short time called away by death Dennison, whose family, and those of from the midst of his family, having by his neighbours, are all either members of his industry, under the blessing of God, our Society, or regular hearers when they just secured all that was requisite for have the opportunity. There is great their comfortable and respectable maindifficulty in establishing regular ordi. tenance. I was glad to learn from my nances for the spiritual benefit of the respected colleagues, who visited him in settlers and farmers who follow pastoral his illness, that he was fully prepared, pursuits. There are no villages, and the by the grace of God, for admission into farms are separated by large tracts of everlasting glory. The deceased was country, rendering it extremely difficult Mr. George Lee, a son of the late Mr. to form country congregations; and the W. Lee, who emigrated with the Salem Missionaries can effect little more than party of settlers in 1820. visiting from farm to farm, and holding I trust these occurrences will serve to service with the isolated families. But impress my mind, and those of our peothis is a work involving great toil, which ple, more fully with the importance of requires much time, and is attended with * working the works of Him that sent heavy horse.expenses. Sill, we inust us: for the night cometh wherein no man continue to do what circumstances will can work." allow on the various Circuits, so as to My communication is already too long. keep up, and deepen, and extend true I have, however, confined myself chiefly religion among the scattered farmers and to fucls. Without further remark, theresettlers, with their servants and d-pend. fore, I leave it to yourselves to draw ents. I believe my brethren are doing such inferences as you may thi k the what they can in this respect ; but until facts warrant. But I am much miswe have the means of appointing on taken if you do not agree with me in some of the more extensive Circuits opinion that the Lord is with His sersome additional labourers, I fear this vauts in all the Circuits which I visited, department of the work will not be so and that, so far as the work in these efficiently conducted as its importance Circuits is concerned, He has “confirmdemands.
ed” their word “bý signs following," Having met with some detention, by alike encouraging to you and to us.