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" those who have during the last sixteen it would seem that not only the young years, from time to time, been his pupils,' man can improve and strengthen liis it is to be hoped, that it will soon find its vocal organs, as a preparatory training way into the highest institutions of learn- for his future work; but even the man ing in our State. That Elocution can be who is actively engaged in the business learned, no longer admits of a doubt ; of a profession, may successfully culand that when learned, it is one of the tivate all the excellencies of delivery, most effective qualifications of the Ame- We commend this volume to all who rican scholar, requires no argument. would learn to read or speak well; ar Why, then, with such a text book, should especially to the Professors and Teachers it not be every where studied ?
in our colleges, academies and higher A GRADUATE OF BOWDOIN. schools, as a text book of rare excellence January, 1845.
From the N. York Commercial Advertiser. From the Portland Argus.
ELOCUTION FOR SCHOOLS.-Professor This is a book of many excellencies. Caldwell, of Dickinson college, Carlisle, It is throughout practical, teaching all (Pa.) has prepared a practical “ Manual along, precisely what the student in Elo- of Elocution, including voice and ges. cution most needs to know; and, as he needs them, giving him the exercises colleges. It has been published in a neat
ture, designed for schools, academies, and which are necessary to enable him to dis- 12.no. volume, by Sorin and Ball, of Phicipline all the various functions of the ladelphia. The author has availed bim, orator.
self of the materials and principles found Its plan is good. It discusses the en- in Rush's celebrated work on ihe Philotire subject; and yet the various portions are so arranged, that the learner diss sophy of the Voice, and Austin's Chiro
nomia, so celebrated as a standard autinctly comprehends each several point, thority in gesture. By a judicious.conto which his attention is at the same time densation of the leading features of these called. First come the Elements of Vocal and other elaborate works in the differdelivery, then their application ; second-lent departments of Elocution, he has sucly, the Elements of Gesture, and after- ceeded in simplifying the subject so as to wards their application; and, finally, the furnish learners with a text book of great book closes with general precepts and in- practical merit. The success with which structions well suited to show the rela- | Professor Caldwell has taught Elocution, tion between the vocal movements, and and his extensive experience thus acthe action of the body, and how they may quired, have enabled him to improve be made to conspire in the highest degree upon his predecessors,especially in adaptto the accomplishment of the designs of ing the instructions of this volume to oratory.
both Teachers and learners; and its geThe objects also, are precisely what it neral use in our schools, academies, and is desirable to have accomplished by a colleges, can scarcely fail to render the work on Elocution; to wit, to make the art of public speaking a cominon acquirebusiness of speaking effective,-to give ment, which in our country will be most success to the efforts of the orator; and desirable and useful, as it is now most also to guard the speaker against the dis- abominably neglected. eases of the vocal organs, which are now carrying so many to their graves. This
From the Christian Repository, Philasystem almost demonstrates the feasibi
delphia. lity of accomplishing these objects-of actually learning "the orator's art.” If In the preparation of this work, the one desires to become an accomplished author seems to have taken advantage singer, he must practice, and that notwith- of the valuable materials furnished by standing all that mature may have done others, and very handsomely notices in for him; so also he must practice if he his preface the assistance of such works would become a boxer, or acquire skill as "The Philosophy of the Human Voice," in penmanship, or in performing on mu- by Dr. James Rush, and the “Chirosical instrun.ents. We are here told, that nomia," of Austin; besides which, his in the same way, the speaker must learn own experience as a teacher for some sixthe art of managing his voice, and of giv-teen years, enables him to introduce su ing ease and grace to his gestures. improvements and simplifications as are
All the principles presented in this wanted at the present day. The work is Manual, are illustrated by well selected progressive in its character, and numerexamples for practice ; and by this kind ously illustrated with figures so arranged of discipline, recommended in the book, Ithat it might properly be called a selfInstructor. We hope that there are num-mies, and colleges, as well as for private bers of our young men, and especially | learners, and its preparation, says the those who attempt public speaking, that author, would not have been undertaken will avail themselves of this timely pub- but for the obvious want, at the present lication. It is comprised in one volume, time, or a suitable text book in Elocution 12mo., and contains nearly 350 pages, for the use of classes in our various inneatly and substantially bound.
stitutions of learning. The Professor
also takes the ground that it is within From the Pennsylvania Telegraph, Har- the power of every ma to make himself risburg
an etfective public speaker by careful The impression has extensively ob- study, of the elements of oratory, and tained, that all works on Elocution, are practice of the rules laid down for the solely intended for public speakers, or exercise of the Voice and Gesture. And such as are in a course of preparation for the time and labor bestowed upon this profession. That money expended in important subject, will be amply repaid, their purchạse, and time occupied in their he futher contends, by the almost omnistudy, by others, are wholly wasted. potent influence which powerful oratory This, however, is a serious mistake. secures over the public mind, and the Vocal powers are possessed and largely enlarged prospects it holds out for acquir. used by men of every class, and in every ing useful and honorable distinction in a condition. Would it not be advantageous country like ours. to every man, to be able to use this power
The Manual has been noticed in terms in communicating with his fellows, to the of warın commendation by several of our best advantage ? Education is necessary city contemporaries, who cordially agree to teach the fingers to write, and the in pronouncing it a most valuable contrihands to execute their most ordinary bu-bution to the stock of elementary insiness. Even the mental powers must be struction on this subject. trained and exercised, or they cannot be depended on, with any degree of certainty. And shall every other faculty be From the Biblical Repertory and Princeton duly improved while the vocal powers
Revieio. are left in entire neglect? The muscles This appears to be an elaborate and which form the voice, like those which able work. The author acknowledges move the fingers, need, and must have a himself greatly indebted for his materials proper training, or they cannot be ex-to" The l'hilosoph; of the human Voice, pected to obey the will with promptness by James Rush, M. D.;" and to the and precision. The boy must be accus- "Chironomia of Austin." The princi. toined to the use of tools before he can ples contained in these standard works be a good mechanic—so every one who are here clearly stated and copiously expecis to be a good speaker, reader-or illustrated. Elocution is so much an even good in private conversation, must im tative art, that we do not know learn the elementary sounds of which whether such works is the one before words are composed, and so practice on us, can enable a young man to make them as to niake them familiar, natural, himself a good reader or speaker; but and habitual, or he will always be blun- we are convinced that far ioo little atJering. No one but he who has prac- tention is generally paid to this sa iect; tised on these sounds, and used such and that it is of great importance thai works as this, can tell the great advan- those who expect 10 spend their lives tages to be derived from them. Experi- addressing public assemblies. should ence has fully shown that the feeblest learn the principles wh.ch Troiessor voice, and the least flexible organs of Caldwell has so well unfolded, and enspeech, have been vastly improved by deavor to gain correct habits of articupractising on tables similar to those solation, modulation and emphasis. We numerously furnished in this most valu- would therefore recommend this work able work. I most ardently hope. there- as an incentive and guide in this defore, that the Professor's book, will be
partinent. extensively circulated and generally and faithfully studied.
From the Biblical Repository and Classical Harrisburg, Feb. 1845.
We confess ourselves greatly pleased From the Herald and Expositor, Carlisle, with this manual. It is well digesied Penn'a.
and comprehensive. embracing rules This work, which we regard as a valu- both for the regulation of the voce, and able one, is designed for schools, acade. the cultivation of gesticulation. Dr.
Rush's philosophical work on the voice, by those engaged in public instruction. and Austin's Chironomia, are the basis li exhibits much thought, care, and of Professor Caldwell's system: but he kuowledge on the part of the author, certainly is entitled to the merit of com- and we cheerfully commend it to the dining the two departments of elocution, attention of all those who would most and exhibiting them lucidly, and with effectually teach themselves or others sufficient extension for all practical pur- the art of graceful and efficient reading poses.
or speaking A text-book of this description, in order to be useful in accomplishing the From the Baltimore Clipper. end for which it was written, must be
"A Practical Manual of Elocution," thoroughly and practically studied. Thus used, we think its introduction into Caldwell, A. M., one of the professors
is the title of a late work by Merr.tt schools and colleges would tend, at least,
in Dickinson College.-The admirable to give a facility and appropriateness of
treatise of Rush on the Human Voice," articulation and expression, which else and that of "Austin on Gesture” appear would not be attained.
to have furnished the author with many
valuable ideas. These and the suggesFrom the Southern Christian Advocate,
tions made during a long course of elocuCharleston, S. C.
tionary teaching have been made the This volume is intended for Schools, basis of the present volume, which is Academies, and Colleges, as well as at once philosophical and practical. The private learners. A standard work of rules and directions are perspicuous, the kind has long been wanted. As an and arranged with great judgment, and art, elocution has been but little studied are not so multiplied as to deter the stuby our young men; and we hold, that dent; and the selections for reading are the acquisition of it is as essentially re- in excellent taste. It is gotten up very quisite to a finished orator as polish is neatly, is an excellent school-book, and necessary to bring out the beauty of the
we presume will have an extensive cirdiamond. The author has long been culation. engaged in teaching what he writes upon, and, of course, understands it. From the Northern Christian Advocate. He has availed himself, moreover, of the labors of Dr. Rush and Austin's "Chi: impartially, in connection with the other
No one can have examined this book city and price, are not always within publications on the same subject now the reach of the student. The present
in use, but will justly pronounce it not work, we think, both on account of its only far the cheapest. but decidedly the
best work of the kind now before the completeness and cheapness, must come into general use.
.... It is not the design of the author
to clothe one as David in Saul's armor; Froin the True Catholic, Louisville, Ky. but rather to divest nature of all hurtful
The author has drawn extensively and useless appendages, and so to culfrom the materials of “Rush's Philosó- tivate her own power, that she may be phy of the Human Voice," and "Austin's seen and felt herself giving simple but Chironomia.” But neither of the works dignified utterance to the deep promptnamed professes to be a practical manual. ings of a feeling heart; and such should This work presents both branches in the be the character of pulpit discourse.same volume. Numerous Diagrams and He who studies this Manual thoroughly Figures illustrate the subject. This cannot fail to become more fully skilled work presents to the reader and to the in true persuasive eloquence. student the most valuable portions of Rush and Austin, which, on account of their scarcity and their price. are with
BOWDON COLLEGE, May 17, 1845. in the reach of few. With this advan- Haring carefully examined the Manual tage is combined the practical expe- of Elocution, by Professor Caldwell. I feel rience of the author during a period of no hesitation in erpressing a decided upsixteen years. We commend it to the proval of it. The local Erercises are well student, and to all who would become adapted to give power and fieribility to the good readers.
voice ; rohilst judicious aid is also afforded
in the important department of Gesture. From the Woodville, (Miss.) Republican. A considerable portion of the work is de
This work is intended, and we think noted to the Erpression of Speech-a branch well calculated, to fill a vacuum long felt of the subject in which little has hitherto been attempted, but in which Professor | sums from the public funds for the salaries Caldwell has happily succeeded.
of distinguished rhetoricians.
On the conOn the whole. I regard the work as har. trary, the sentiment of the present day ing superior claims to popular faror; and seems to be that the orator is born such, 1 as supplying a want sererely felt by both confidently believe, houeret, that the ManTeachers and learners, in the art of which wal of Elocution" is destined in connerion it treats.
with Rush's - Philosophy of the Human H. H. Bnoby, Voice." (upon which the plan of the Manual Teacher of Elocution is based ) to work an important change in in Bowdoin College. public sentiment in regard to this murh.
neglected subject. Haring myself deroted It gives us pleasure to erpress our cordial very particular attention to Elocution for acquiescence in the riews erpressed by Mr.
many years, I have filt much embarrase. Boody, of the merits of Professor Cald- ment in imparting instruction from the well's work on Elocution.
want of a suitable tert-book ;--I therefore A. S. PACKARD, hail the publication of the Manual prepared Professor of Rhetoric
by the hand of one so eminently qual fiet for and Ancient Languages. it as Professor Caldwell with a high deTHOMAS C. UPHAM,
gree of satisfaction. The subject is trented Professor of Mental
in just the manner that I could have desired, Philosophy and Ethics.
hat I bien consulted. I am particularly
pleased that so much stress is laid upon conWESLEYAN UNIVERSITY,
tinued erercise on one thing at a time,--the Middletown. (Conn..) May 23, 1845.
only successful method of learning any
science. Messrs. Sorin and Ball:
I have introduced the Manual into our The hasty perusal I have been able to Institution, and hare carried a class through gire Professor Caldwell's “ Manual of a course of lessons with entire satisfaction. Elocution,” recently published by you, has I erpect to see it acquire a success still greater afforded me great satisfaction. It appears than that with which it has already been to me better calculated to facilitate the study greeted. CHANDLER ROBBINS, M. A., of this important branch of education than Professor of Ancient Languages. any other work I have seen. * Elocution,” as the author very justly
AMENIA, N. Y., June 12th, 1845. remarks, - may be considered both as a science and an art, and in his work he
Gentlemen : has treated of it in this twofold light. And I hare examined with interest and pleawhile he has, with great clearness and pressure, the work of Professor M. Caldwell, recision, discussed the principles of the science, cently published by you, and hare introhe has also very successfully laid open to our duced it into our Institution as the regular view the secrets of the art--the rery arcana
text-book on Elocution. of the orator. by means of which he wields The work is founded on the philosophical his wonderful power.
principles developed by Dr. Rush, but while In his brief, but truly excellent, " Intro- the professor has rendered, perhaps more than duction,” the author has clearly shown the due acknowledgment of his obligations to importance, in this country especially, of that author and others whose works he has giving more attention to this neglected consulted, he has introduced very many branch of study, which I would earnestly valuable precepts, evidentiy the result of his recommend to any who may be sceptical on own investigations and experience. the subject.
The arrangement is systematic, the rariVery respu fun yours, ous subjects are sufficiently and clearly dis
, cussed, and the illustrations are selected with Professor of Natural Science. good taste and judgment. The two great
branches of Elocution relating to Voice and AUGUSTA COLLEGE, (Ky.,).
Gesture, are presented in the same volume. October 24, 1845.
In these and in sei'cral other respects I con
sider the work superior to any other on the Messrs. Sorin and Ball :
same subject. It is well calculated to supply "Orator fit” was a maxim upon which what has been a great desirleratum, a good the ancients practiced, and were therefore Practical Manual embracing both branches successful in furnishing the most illustrious of Elocution. It is a good text-book, and examples of excellence in the art of E'o- also well_calculated to aid the private quence. We know that they were so im- learner. It contains those principles of depressed with the importance of systematic livery, to the diligent study of which, nearly instruction, that they appropriated immense I all, who have gained the reputation of being accomplished orators, owe their celebrity. misunderstood by the pupil, nor misrepren As it is now generally acknowledged, that a sented by the Teacher. good delivery can be attained by study and
Yours, with respect, practice, it is to be hoped, that this work
Johx NEAL. will come into general use, and that more Messrs. Sorin and Ball. attention will be given to the subject than it
Philadelphia. has hitherto received. Yours respectfully,
PHILADELPHIA, April 4, 1845. JOSEPH CUMMINGS, A. M.,
It affords me pleasure to testify to the ecPrincipal of Ameria Seminary. cellence of the Manual of Elocution. by ProMessrs. Sorin and Ball.
fessor Caldwell. The typography, style,
and arrangement, are very creditable, and SALISBURY, (Furnace village,).
I hope its publication may cause youth at November 7, 1845.
an earlier age than usual to be erercised in
voice and gesture. The importance, in this Messrs. Sorin and Ball:
country, of a cultivated tone of action has I ought long since to have acknowledged never been duly estimated by the larger mathe reception of a copy of Professor Call-jority of teachers. ALFRED L. KENNEDY, well's Manual of Elocution. It is a mat
Principal Central Institute ter of great gratification that Elocution is
for Young Gentlemen. beginning to receive that attention in our schools, to which its substantial merits and IP Besides these, numerous notices importance entitle it. The above work--to of the Manual of Elocution, equally which I have been devoting personal atten- favorable with the foregoing, have been tion, and on whose principles I have been received, from the most respectable erercising, is a thorough, clear, and emi- sources. From some of these we will nently practical exiribition of the true prin- present brief extracts: ciples of Elocution. I know of no other We have examined this work with work so well adapted to usefulness in our much satisfaction, and feel pleased to seminaries.
say that it bears marks of deep sudy, Respectfully yours, and of a thorough acquaintance with the D. W. CLARK. subject. True eloquence has its seat in
the heart, but withoui some such aid as
this book affords, it cannot be brought From John Neal, Counsellor at Law, Port
out, except in an uncouth and ill-adaptland, Maine.
ed dress. --Mother's assistant and Young To the Anthor.
Ladies' Friend. W. C. BROWX, Editor. Dear sir, - Allow me to thank you in behalf of the people, and the children of the Professor Caldwell has succeeded in people, for your "Manual of Elocution." presenting, with perfect clearness, a It appears to me erceedingly well alapted subject. which, to many, is new.- Appleto the wants of the hour, I might say of ton's News Letter, for Feb. 1845. the age. so far as we of this country are conrerned. It must greatly abridge the The first subject (the Voice) is illuslabor of the Teacher, and generally help the trated in such a manner as to exhibit to understanding, while it engages the feel- the eye nearly all the different move. ings of the scholar. Hoping it may be ments of the voice, as well as the differworthily encouraged. not. after all, so much ent tortes suited to all k.nds of compofor your sake. as for the sake of those who sition; suggesting many useful hints that are to come after us,
might be highly serviceable to the pubic I am, dear sir, yours, with respect, speaker. by teaching him the art of so
JOHN NEAL. inanaging his vocal organs as to preserve Portland, Feb. 21, 1845.
his own health, while at the same time
his discourse would be rendered much From the same, to the Publishers, under
more effective. date of May 14, 1845.
The subject of Gesture is illustrated My opinion of Professor Caldwell's by no less ihan one hundred different “ Manual of Elocution," is in the posses- figures, exhibiting as many different attision of the author himself; and you are tudes and positions of the feet, lower heartey welcome to make any use of it you limbs, head. trunk, hands, &c., and pointmay třink proper. I have only to add, that ing out many faults often committed by the more I see of the book in question, the public speakers. better I think of it. Clear, simple, well In the appendix a short chapter is dedigested, and well arranged, it cannot be voted to the Elocution adapted to the