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D, TEETH. 1. Are the teeth clean?.. 2 Are the teeth sound?. 3. Are the six-year molars in good condition?. 4. Has the child been to a dentist within six months?. 6. Are the teeth regular?... 6. Does the child use a toothbrush every day?. 7. Are the gums free from abscesses?.. &. Are the gums healthy looking?... 9. Are the upper teeth straight (not prominent)?. 10. Have decayed teeth been filled?.

E. NOSE AND THROAT. 1. Does the child breathe with the mouth chisel? 2. Is he free from pasal discharge?. 3. Is he free from “nasal voice''?. 4. Has he a well-developed face?. 5. Has he a well-developed chin?. 6. Has he straight, even teeth?.. 7. Is the child mentally alert?.. &. Is he usually free from sore throat?.. 9. Is the bard palate wide (not hi h and narrow;?. 10. Is the hearing good?.....

F. EARS. 1. Does the child usually answer questions without first saying “What”?. 2. Is be fairiy attentive?.... 3. Is be fairly bright appearing (not stupid)?..... 4. Does he have a voice with good expression (not expressionless)?. 5. Does he spell fairly well?. 6. Does he read fairly well?. 7. Is he free from earache?. 8. Does he hear a watch tick as far as the average child?. 9. Is he free from ear discharge?.. 10. Is he free from any peculiar postures which might indicate deafnes ?

G. EYES 1. Are the child's eyes straight?.. 2 is be free from chronic headache?. 3. Does he do his work without fatigue?. 4. Is be free from squinting or frowning?. 5. Is the child free from postures which might indicate eye defects, such as ieaning over too near the desk,

boiding the head on one side, etc.?..... 6. Are the eyes free from redness and discharge?.. 7. Are the eyelids healthy looking?..... & Can the child read writing on the board from his seat". 9. Have the eyes been tested separately with the Snellen test, type?.

H. COMMUNICABLE DISEASLS OF THE SKIN. 1. Is the head free from any signs of disease (lice, ringworm)?.. 2 Is the skin of the face, bands, wrists, forearms, chest, free from red, somewhat circular patches (ring

worm)?.. 3. Is the skin of the face, hands, and forearms free from infected spots with crusts and pusdimpetiso)?.... 4. Is the child free from red scratched lines and spots on the hands, wrists, forearms, chest, and between the sagers (itch)?.....

Is the child free from the following gereral early indications of contagious diesez?

1. Flushe face..
2. Latitude.
3. Vanimy.
4. Eriptions..
5. Congelea yes....
6. Di Aslarging eyes.
7. Nasal disa herce..
8. Persiste"i couch.
9. Scratching...
10 Slepires.


(See p. 34.) SHAWAN, Jacob Albright. School activities in relation to children's eyes. In

National education association of the United States. Journal of proceedings and addresses, 1911. Published by the association, 1911. p. 1063-70.

A résumé of information being gathered through questionnaire sent out by N. E. A. Committee appointed at the Boston meeting of the Department of special education, 1910, "to study and report on the conservation of vision. This committee consists of an ophthalmologist, a paychologist, an illuminating engincer, a publisher, and a superintendent of schools. Its object is to study not only school conditions with reference to the use and abuse of vision, but other conditions. The committee has so far planned to investigate the following phases of the subjeșt: 1. The physiology and pathology of vision. 2. Illumination, both natural and artificial. 3. Objects of vision, including books, writing tablets, blackboards, etc. 4. The psychology of vision, especially with reference to conduct. 5. The legal aspects of the problem of the conservation of vision with special referenre to legislative regulations.

“This paper is ... a partial report of one member of the committee and is confined to one phase of the subjext.

“A comprehensive questionnaire has been prepared and 3,000 copies sent to superintendents and principals of schools in the Cnited States.

“Out of 733 answers . . . 45'), or 59 per cent, have the eyes of children examined periodically. .. Out of 304 answari, the followin: facts are de luced: 320, or 42 per cent, of the examinations were male by teachers; 13%, or 17.7 per cent, of the examinations were made by physicians; 30, or 3.9 per cent, of the examinations were made by teachers, physicians, and ophthaluaologists; 10, or 1.5 per cent, of the examinations were made by ophthalmologists and specialists."

Summary: First, light should be aimittel to the schoolroom from the left or the pupils with a window space equal to not less than one-fifth o, the floor surfare."

Second, a shiny suriace, whe, her the blackboard or printed page is in trious and should be avoided. Third, the type used for printing school books should be lır ve ani deur. Fourth, the amount of work requirin: pencil orjen should be limitel.

Filth, correction of the diferences in reractive power oi the two eyes should be discovered and promptly maile by the use of proper gliss.

"Sirth where the power vi vision is limitei it shonld be conser el ani develope i by proper eyetraining, either by segregution or by the omission of certain subjects of study."



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Alabaina, medical inspection of public schools, 62–63.
Allen, A. T., 7.
Allen, W. H., 31.
All port, Frank, 31-32, 49-50.
American Academy of Medicine, 56, 130–131.
American Medical Association, 7-9.
American School Hygiene Association, 9, 129-130.
Arizona, medical inspection of schools, 34.63.
Atlanta, Ga., medical inspection of schools, 71-72.
Augusta, Mo., Inedical inspection of schools, 76.
Ayer, S, H., 78.
Ayres, L. P., 9-10, 13, 62, 109.
Aytes, S.C., 32, 97.
Baker, 8. J., 30, 87-89.
Barlow, P. C., 45.
Barth, G. P., 107.
Beles, Edgar, 41.
Bates, M. E., 67.
Berzeler, Cal., cooperation of school health depart-

ments with other health agencies, tt; inspection

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for o uminicable diseases, 25-21).
Bign-up tesis, Detroit public schools, 82.
Biret tiste, revised, 126-127.
Birinin ham, Ala., medical inspection of scaouls

Cincinnati, Ohio, medical inspection of schools,

Clairton Borough, Pa., inspection for communica-

ble diseases. 27.
Clapp, R. G., 10.
Cle.eland, Ohio, card and record system, 109;

me lical inspection of schools, 37, 46-47,98- 100.
Cloudman, 11. H., 101.
Colcord, A. W., 27.
Colorado, medical inspection of schools, 67.
Colton, J. C., 19.
Communicable diseases, inspection, 24-31.
Connecticut, medical insj ection of schools, 35, 42

Contagious diseases. See Communicable diseases.
Coplan, M., 10.
Corley, J. P., 41.
Cornell, W'. 8., 10.33,50, 109.
Cotton-mill operatives, hookworm disease, 19.
Coues, W. P., 35,78.
Courses of study, school nurses and school teach-

ers, 57.
Crowley, R. H., 19.
Davison, Alvin, 10-11.
Dental clinics. See Teeth, medical inspection.
Detroit, Mich., medical inspection of schools, 81;

school nurse, 52.
Diphtheria, bacillus carriers in public schools, 26-27;

epidemics, 27, 30.
Diseases, communicable, inspection, 24-31.
Diseases, contagious. See (Communicable diseases.
District of Columbia, school laggards, 69.
Diman, N. E., 57.
Dixon, S. C., 11,24. 101.
Dowling, Oscar, 11.
Dresbach, M., 38.
Dresslar, F. B., 11-12.

Bim, L. B., 00.
Bland, Curtis, 30.
Biarks and records, 111-131.
Boston, medical inspection of schools, 26-27, 37, 44,



Bouma's, F. G., 27
Bricol, Conn., medical examination of eyes, 35.
Broalize, Mass., school nurse, 52.
Bentin, R. W., 45.
Burnett, James, 57.
Byrd, liiran, 69-70.
Cabot, G. T., SO.
California, medical inspection of schools, 34–35, 63-16.
California, University of, eye conditions of stu-

denta, 34-35; mo lical examination of new stu

denis, (3-04.
Callicotte, V. R., 67.
Cambridge, Mass., medical inspection of schools, 79.
Caparan, M.M., 0.
Canton, Mus., me lical inspection of schools, 80.
Carley, M. E., 50).
Chapin, C. V., 103.
Cheatle, A. H., 33.
Chicago, medical inspection of schools, 27, 37, 52-

53, 73 74; municipal laboratory, 27.
Chidren, school, physical examination, adminis.

trative methods, 7.

Ears, medical inspection, 31-33, 36, 38.
East St. Louis, II., medical inspection of schools,

28-29, 42 43, 74.
Ebersole, W. G., 46-47.
Emery, G. E., 81.
Euthenies, oral, 47.
Eyes, medical inspection, 31, 39-41.


Fairchild, B. C., 45.
Fall River, Mass., medical examination of throat, 35.
Fell, A. S., 24.
Ferrell, J. A. 12,96.
Florida, medical inspection of schools, 69-71.
Force, J. N., 57-58.
Fort, A. G., 71-72.

Lafier, C. C., 102.
Laggards, school, 69.
Lamson, W.J., 85.
Lankford, J. S., 59.
Leslie, G. L., 64-65.
Letter of transmittal, 5.
Lewis, 1. M., 32.
Los Angeles, Cal., medical inspection of schools,

Louisiana, medical inspection of schools, 75–76.

Fort Worth, Tex., medical inspection of schools,

105-106. Foster, A., 19. Gallie, D. M., 41. Gallivan, W. J., 78-79. Gantt, L. R. H., 103. General references, 7-23. Georgia, medical inspection of schools, 71-72. Givens, A. J., 12. Goodenough, E, W., 67. Grand Rapids, Mich., medical inspection of schools,

81. Greensburg, Ind., inspection for communicable dis

eases, 30. Gulick, L. H., 12-13,62. Hall, 1. C., 25-26. Hamilton, S., jr., 101 Hancock, D. O., 75. Hanson, J. G., 76. Harrer, W.F., 47-48. Harrington, T. F., 26. Harrisburg, Pa., medical inspection of schools,

101-102. Hartman, L, M., 13. Haywood, Hubert, jr., 96. Health officers, shortcomings, 59; training, 60. Heche, Arthur, 58. Hedger, Caroline, 74. Heidelberg, Germany, defective sight and hearing of

public school children, 37. Herbst, I. II., 13. Herrmann, Charles, 30. Hill, D. S., 13,55-59,105. Hines, E, A., 104. Hines, L. N., 14. Hoaf, E. B., 14,25,64,66. Hotiman, F. L., 14. Holmes, G. J., 84-85. Home, as a factor in medical inspection, 19. Hookworm, disease, 12, 20, 69-72,96-97, 104-107. Houston, Tex., medical inspection of schools, 106. Hyde, G. E., 72. Hygiene, school, instructing teachers, 61; teaching

and practice in normal schools, 58. Hygiene and dietetics, 59. Idaho, medical inspection of schools, 72-73. Illinois, health officers, 59; medical inspection of

schools, 42-43, 73-75. Indiana, me lical inspection of tecth, 43-44; tra

choma, 31. International Municipal Congress and Exposition,

24. Iowa State Teachers' Association, 15. Jefferson City, Mo., medical inspection of schools,

36. Johnstown, Pa., medical inspection of schools, 101. Jones, R. W., 108. Keen, E. L., 102. Kentucky, medical inspection of schools, an Kerr, J. W., 110. Keyes, F. A., 44. Kiefer, G. L., 53, 81. Knopf, S. A., 46. Kober, G. M., 59.

Macatee, H. C., 69.
MCreary, J. P., 41.
McCullough, P. B., 48.
Macdonald, Joseph, jr., 85.
McKenzie, R. T., 39-40.
Mackenzie, W. L., 19.
MacMurchey, Helen, 109–110.
Macy, M. S., 95-96.
Madison, Wis., medical inspection of schools, 108.
Martin, Alice, 34.
Martin, G. H., 77.
Martindale, W. C., 81-82.
Massachusetts, medical inspection of schools, 35-36,

44, 76-81.
Maxwell, W. H., 15.
May, G. A., 82.
Meadville, Pa., medical inspection of schools, 102.
Medical inspection, records, 109-110; therapeutic

value, 68. Medical inspectors, school, salaries, 62; training,

56-62. Medicine, teaching preventive, 56-62. Memphis, Tenn., eye affections of negroes, 41. Meyerding, E. A., 83. Michigan, medical inspection of schools, 45, 81-82. Michigan, University of, nose and throat examina

tions, 82. Milwaukee, Wis., medical inspection of schools,

107-109. Minnesota, medical inspection of schools, 82-83. Minneapolis, Minn., medical inspection of schools. 82. Minor, J. L., 41. Missouri, medical inspection of schools, 36-37, 84. Montoursville, Pa., inspection of teeth, 47-48. National Dental Association-Southern Branch, 42. Negrocs, eye affections, Memphis, Tenn., 41; med

ical examination, schools of Spartanburg, S. C. Nesbit, (. B., 31, 43-44. New England Association of School Superintend.

ents, 15-16. New Hampshire, medical inspection of eyes and

ears, 38 New Haven, Conn., medical inspection of schools,

68. New Jersey, medical inspection of schools, 84-87;

blanks and records, 127-129 New Orleans, medical inspection of schools, 75. New York City, Association of Tuberculosis Clin

ics, 30; medical inspection of schools, 30, 37. New York (State), medical inspection of schools,

33-34, 38, 45–46, 97-96. New York Academy of Medicine, report on health

conditions in public schools, New York City, 90-94. Newark, N.J., hlanks and records, 120-125; medical

inspection of schools, 84-80.

Neumayer, S. W, 53-55.
Nexton, R. C., 10.
North Carolina, medical inspection of schools, 12, 96.
North Dakota, medical inspection of schools, 07.
Nose, medical inspection, 32-33, 36, 33.
Nurse, school, 49-56. See also Medical inspectors,
Nutting, M. A., 51.
Oakland, Cal., College of Medicine, training of

health officers, 60. Oakland, Cal., medical inspection of public schools,

66. Ogden, Utah, eye strain, public school children, 41. Ohio, medical inspection of schools, 43-47, 97-100. Oklahoma, cases of trachoma among Indians, 34;

medical inspection of schools. 101. Oral hygiene. See Teeth, medical inspection. Orthogenics, experimental, 47. Palmer, G. T., 59. Palo Alto, Cal., medical inspection of schools, 66. Pasalena, Cal., medical inspection of schools, C6. Payne, I. D)., 66. Pennsylvania, medical inspection of schools, 39-40,

47-48, 101-102. Pennsylvenia, Medical Society of, 39. Pennsylvania, University of, examination of stur

dents' eyes, 39-40. Philadelphia, medical inspection of schools, 30-31,

40, 102: school nurse, 53-56. Philippine Islands, medical inspection of teeth,

48-49. Pittsburgh, Pa., medical inspection of schools,

49, 101. Pecker. W. A., 106. Poliomyelitis, epidemic, 27. Pocey, W.C., 39. Providence, R. I., medical inspection of schools, 31,

49, 03. Public health, new degree of, 59. Qnipey, III., medical inspection of schools, 75. Qiux, F. H., 61. Rankin, W. 8., 96. Rapeer, L. W., 16-17. Raycroft, J. E., 17. Reading, Pa., medical inspection of schools, 48, 102. Reber, C. E., inedical inspection of schools, 86. Records and blanks, medical inspection, 109-131. Reinhardt, G, F., 34–35. Retardation, repeating, and elimination, 21. Rhode Island, medical inspection of schools, 49, 103. Richmond, Va., medical inspection of schools, 106–

107. Roach, W. W., 30-31. Rochester, N. Y., medical inspection of teeth, 46. Rosenau, M. J., 59. Rucker, W.C., 60. Rassell Sage Foundation, Department of Child

Hynene, 17-18. Salaries, school medical inspectors, 62. St. Louis, Mo., medical inspection of schools, 84,

110; school nurse, 56. St. Paul, Minn., medical inspection of schools, 83. Savannah, Ga., medical inspection of schools, 72. Scarlet lever, role of the school in the spread of, 30-31,

Schenck, H.D., 38-39, 94.
Schlegel, G. S., 48.
School hygiene. See Hygiene, school.
School laggards, 69.
School lunches, and medical inspection, 22-23.
School nurse. Sec Nurse, school.
Scotland, defective sight and hearing of school

children, 37.
Seneca, S. C., medical inspection of schools, 104.
Sex hygiene, tio.
Shafer, G. H., 18-19, 94-95.
Shipley, A. E., 60.
Slack, F. H., 26-27.
Sloan, T. G., 68.
Small, W. S., 60.
Smart, 1. T., 95-96.
Smith, C. M., 79.
Snedden, D. S., 77.
Sneed, C. M., 36.
Sobel, Jacob, 19.
Social plages, 24-25.
South Carolina, medical inspection of schools, 103-

105. South Manchester, Conn., medical inspection

of schools, 68-69. Spartanburg, S.C., medical inspection of schools,

103-104. Spolane, Wash., medical inspection of schools, 107. Stamford, Conn., medical inspection of schools,

Standish, Myles, 34.
Stephens, R. G., 72
Stewart, Elsa, 60.
Stewart, I. M,51.
Stewart, James, 19.
Stiles, C. W., 19-20, 70, 106.
Storey, T. A., 20.
Straw, Z. L., 20.
Strosnider, C. F., 96.

Taussig, A. E., 36–37.
Teeth, medical inspection, 41-49,76.
Tennessee, medical inspection of schools, 41, 105.
Terman, L. M., 61-62,64.
Texas, medical inspection of schools, 105-106,
Thompson, N. L., 107.
Throat, medical inspection, 31-33, 35-36, 38.
Tobay, S. B., 109.
Townsend, J. F., 21.
Trachoma. See Eyes, medical inspection.
Treibly, C. E., 34.
Trenton, medical inspection of schools, 86–87.
Tuberculosis, 24, 26-27, 30, 59.

U.S. Bureau of Labor, report on retardation,

repeating, and elimination, 21. U. S. Department of Commerce and Labor,

Bureau of the Census, mortality from

whildren's diseases, 24. U. S. Indian School, Carlisle, Pa., cases of

trachoma, 34. U. S. Indian School, Phoenix, Ariz., cases of

trachoma, 34. Universities, medical and educational depart

ments, cooperation, 58-59. Utah, medical inspection of eyes, 41.

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