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The serrants now took away the plates play of the most distinguished events in which had been placed upon the sideboard, sacred writ. We have the adoration of the whilst Donna Juliana, in Quinchua, seemed shepherds, strictly represented with all their to give particular directions about each of rustic attributes; we have the Magi and the them. I was curious to learn their destina- kings in gorgeous apparel, accompanied by tion, and, being on a footing of the most their respective trains, mounted upon elefriendly intimacy with Donna Juliana and phants, camels, horses, and asses, bearing her father-confessor, my inquiry was an- baskets of fruit, and other presents, all jourswered, “to be given to the poor.” Every neying to Bethlehem, to pay their homage day in the year, at two o'clock, several poor to the infant Saviour of the world, whose persons attended at the house of La Buena sacred image is not here to be seen in a Cristiana, and took their seats upon the lowly manger, but in a cradle of pure silver, staircase ; some of them, aware, no doubt, sometimes of pure gold, and the drapery of the lenient disposition of their benefac- covered with the most costly jewels. On tress, encroached even to the door of the either side of the cradle, are images of the dining-room, where a scene rather unusual Virgin Mother and her husband Joseph, to a European, certainly to an Englishman, with crowns of gold upon their heads, and and one of interesting curiosity too, was their robes profusely covered with diamonds daily to be seen,—that of a tribe of beggars and pearls, and precious stones. Over the assembled en societé, in a resp able man- cradle may be seen, engraved on a plate of sion, eating with silver spoons, out of silver gold, Glory to God on high !” and all plates and dishes, without any walch over round, suspended by means of delicate wires the property, or even a suspicion of its from the ceiling, are angels, cherubim and likely to be missing. In mentioning this seraphim, floating in the air, supposed to be daily charitable distribution- happy con- rejoicing“ with song and choral symphony” trast to the crumbs from the rich man's at the tidings of peace and good-will to table !" I must not forget to remark, that the The apartment in which this highlyreserved portions of sweetmeats were for the venerated exhibition takes place, is strewed children who accompanied their parents ; a with artificial flowers, and arranged for the trifling observation, perhaps, but it has its accommodation of visitors, who go in parweight in describing the character of the ties, full dressed, from house to house, to venerable Lady Bountiful, of Potisi. view them, with every feeling of devotional
obligation.— lbid. For several weeks past, every artist and mechanic of tolerable ingenuity has been
POETKN employed in making and repairing dolls, images, and figures of sundry kinds; also in setting up and painting altars in every re
THE SLAVE. spectable house; whilst all the females have The burning day was past. The drooping slaves, been equally busy in preparing dresses for
With aching stiffness, liomeward dragg'd their feet.
I saw the steam arising from their breasts,those dolls, making artificial flowers and
Sad furnaces! all hot with panting life, embroideries, and embellishing the best Whose wretchedness was wrung from every pore.
Onward they moved, in stuinbling weakness faint, apartment in their respective houses, for the
Their food to seek, and then their bedless sleep. display of what is here termed el Nicimi- From spicy groves and forests of the cane, ento, (the birth of Christ,) for which every
Along the vales, and o’er the mountain rocks,
The evening fann'd its coolness fresh and free. family of respectability makes preparation To breathe such luxury, and soothe my soul, with diligence, anxiety, interest, and fuss,
Which felt the beavy roughness of the chain
That rusted in the bondman's purchased fesli, scarcely to be exceeded by that which pre
I ventured forth, in lonely upward way. cedes a fancy-ball among our fashionables Before me rose no velvet terrace green, in England. The fanciful display of taste,
But hills on bills, in grim tremendous pile ;
An awful monument where tempests write, the splendour of the dresses, and the variety In channels deep, and lasting as the globe, of costume, are as conspicuous in the one The protests stern of faithful Providence,
'Gainst licensed cruelty and charter'd crime ; case as the other. If we have all the me
So plain their import, that the world must know; tamorphoses of fairy tales and tales of genii, For thickest darkness blazon'd with it rolls, all the heroes and heroines of history and
While thunders speak it, and the bolts of God
Plough it in circles round Jamaica's brow, romance, personified in the enchanting pre- Ascending slow, with feet of climbing care, cepts of a fancy-ball, for the purpose of
Where chasms open'd like the mouths of hell,
And rugged columns seem'd the props of heaven, mirth and pleasure, we have in the Nici- I gain'd, at length, wild nature's path-rude steps mientos of Potosi, under the grave and By storms and whirlwinds fashion's into stairs, solemn character of religion, and with the
Irregularly winding out of sight.
It was a region high, where solitude most decorous observances, a fantoccina dis- Did reign enthroned, in solemn grandeur robed ;
CHRISTMAS-DAY IN POTOSI.
TO T. S.C • • • L, ESQ., CLAPHAM. The grateful heart thanks Heav'ıı, and hear'n's
high King, For all the blessings that this world bestows, Health, raiment, food-spring's glorious buds, Sumer and autumn's fruits or winter's snows:And then it thanks those who, in life's rouglı path, Shall help to cause the thorns to disappear, And scatter, or bring near, its smiling flowers :And thus I thank thee,- I can offer else Nought, save a prayer to bim who giveth all,A prayer, in which I know that others join, That he may o'er tliee all his blessings shed: May health, and wealth, and peace, be ever thine ! And may thy children bé all heart could wish When old age shall come on thee, and eternal bliss Thy highest, best reward.
A FATHER'S LOVE. Oh, who can tell a father's love, wben lie thinks on
the years His child may number on this earth-this "sorrow
ing vale of tears," When he thinks on "the ills of life," which he has
passed through, And that perbaps more than all these his child may
suffer too. The ills of life, like wintry clouds, may in succes
sion rise, And damp his spirit, blast his liopes, and dim his
bright blue eyes ; That pale disease, “ chill penury," or even crime, Companions of his riper years, though not of
infancy. A father's lore,-Oh! then it leads his thoughts
above you sky, And to the God of heaven he prays, that, when he's
call'd to die, His children, that around him now so joyously ap
pear, May ever find a heavenly Friend, - a heavenly Father near.
Review.-An Only Son, a Narrative,
by the Author of " My Early Days, 12mo. pp. 340. Westley and Duvis.
London. 1831. This narrative, which appears to bear every mark of authenticity, delineates the life and adventures of a wayward young man, who, following his head-strong inclinations, brought upon himself the miseries which a more prudent conduct would have taught him to avoid.
His father, engaged in trade, having acquired a decent competence, spared no expense to give this proud, profligate, and unruly son, a liberal education. To accomplish this, every thing that moderation and prudence could suggest was provided, but the luckless wight wanted profusion and extravagance. His father, a rigid presbyterian, sternly set his face against the follies of the world; but the son, unwilling to bear any restraint, was always longing to whirl in its vortex of dissipation. To all the punctilios of his creed, and the ceremonies of his church, the father rigorously adhered, and used every exertion to induce his son
L'OETRY.REVIEW, AN ONLY SON.
Her canopy, the sky; her crown, the stars;
O here, methought, might persecuted worth,
“ Who cares for negro? None. He sighs oppress'd;
and I shall rise
The gripe of thieves has squeez'd my boiling blood ;
not hear it? bearing, don't you come,
He ended ; dews fell on his hoary locks,
* Pointing to his back.
to walk in the same paths; but the latter, follow. The troops, as is usual on such occasions
stood at " attention." deeming the yoke heavy, the confinement
“When the adjulant had completed his task, irksome, and the duties enjoined oppressive, the surgeon, with his watch in his hand, advanced used every effort to escape the drudgery, klirt, which, being slipped upward, assisted in and not unfrequently resorted to dishonour. making fast his arms to the halberts. His lower able expedients to accomplish his purposes.
limbs were likewise contined, and folds of cotton
cloth were inserted at the waistband of his trow. Advancing to years of maturity, the pro- sers, that the blood might stream outwards. digal was sent to college, where he spent sinewye proportions, bared his hairy right arm,
“One of the druminers, a man of spare but his money in profligacy, and contracted
passed the instrument of flagellation through his debts which his father was bound to dis- tingers, and, retreating some steps to collect bis charge. Returning home, his reception
force by a rapid advance, awaited the word. I
caught the dread command, and involuntarily was less cordial than he had expected, but closed my eyes. The tirst sharp stroke of the lash after some time domestic affairs assumed a resounded simultaneously with the motion. A
sympathetic shivering pervaded the rauks like a more favourable aspect, and he received
gust of wind agitating the forest foliage. from his parent another sum to pursue
“ Attention, soldiers !" cried the adjutant, at the studies and complete his education. But, big best pitch of his boatswain-like voice.
“Startled, I cast a glance in the direction of tha unfortunately, having become intimate with
sufferer. Stroke after stroke descended on his a dissolute young gentleman in the neigh. dits. Each left a track as it cut by a surgeon's bourhood, who had obtained a commission
knife ; yet not a inoan betrayed the agonies of in the army, instead of going to college, he nature-not a breath, even when thongs, soaked
with, the crimson stream, seemed to pass reluctset out on adventure, under the patronage of
antly from the raw and gory surface. his wealthy and wild companion, enlisted for “ I could sustain the sight of the barbarons a soldier, embarked for the continent, be- spectacle no longer; iny heart grew sick, my brain
began to swim,- 1 reeled, and fell forward on the came an officer, and entered on those scenes
sward. which form the subsequent part of this “ ' Attention!' vociferated the adjutant. Such volume.
a triding incident was not allowed to interfere with
the routine of discipline ; I was suffered to remain From these numerous and varied inci
unassisted until the rigour of martial law had been dents which are rendered interesting by the
“ Lawrence was borne to the hospital, nevehorror of their details, we select the follow- having flinched throughout the course of his excrur ing paragraphs, exhibiting in frightful co- ciating ordeal. On his recovery, he rejoined the lours the severity of military discipline and
corps. Both in body and mind be bad undergone
a revolution. He, whose capacious chest, erect the brutality of war.
neck, and well-set shoulders, gave him a manliness
of deportment unimprovable by drill, was bent and " The only person I had seen after our arrival
gathered up as if he had grown old before his in Portugal, whom I could distinguish as having
time. Unlike the majority of those who have enmet before, was a private soldier named Edward
dured corporal punishment, the sense of degrada. Lawrence, the son of a small farmer residing a
tion urged him into no course of self-abandonment. mile or two from Thorncroft. Lawrence was a
He declined the customary allowance of wine ; was fine-looking young man, wild and thoughtless it is
silent, reserved, solitary ; scrupulous in the pertrue, but free from any marked irregularities of
forinance of his duty, shunning familiarity with conduct. He served in our light company, and I
former intimates, and avoiding the formation of was indebted to him for various little attentions
new friendships. which, in the chances of campaigning, even an individual of his humble grade will occasionally
"About six months afterwards, on the eve of the
battle of Albuera, Lawrence and his enemy Stehave it in his power to bestow. Coming from my
phens were sent on a recruiting party among the own county, it was natural that I should take an
hills. In a heavy fog they were separated from interest in him, as he did in me.
their companions. The next morning, when every “ Lawrence had sustained, as he conceived
one was expected to be at bis post, they were still unmerited provocation from a corporal named
missing. The obstinate field was dearly won ; in Stephens, who, being of an overbearing disposi.
bearing off the wounded, the body of the corporal tion, by his subsequent behaviour rather aggra
was discovered lying in a grassy hollow. His left vated than allayed his resentment. It chanced that
arm had been shattered by a musket-ball, and he Lawrence, making merry with some of his asso.
was disfigured by repeated stabs of a bayonet, the ciates, neglected the regular call of duty. Stephens, least of which was sufficient to have ensured the unfortunately the instrument of his arrest, chose
mortality of a giant. It was supposed he bad fallen in the discharge of his functions to indulge in an
a victim to the vengeance of the fugitive soldier. offensive remark. To this the reply was a blow.
“For above a year conjecture busied itself in The unhappy offender was doomed to endure the
vain concerning the fate of the presumed assassin. punishment of contempt of discipline, inebriety,
It was the current belief he bad deserted to the and insubordination. It is needless to enumerate
At the battle of Salamanca, there appeared the circumstances connected with his trial. The
among our skirmishers, a man whose desperate infliction of three hundred lashes was the miti.
bravery was productive of astonishment even in gated sentence of the court-martial.
the hurry and confusion of an engagement. Ap“On a bleak morning of December, the whole of the division was under arms the village
parently bullet-proof, he approached close to the of
French columns, and, taking deliberate aim at the Barcas. A hollow square was formed, in the
officers, shot several in succession, as an expert centre of which three halberts were planted trian.
marksman would bring down the branchers in a gularly in the ground, having their steel tops locked together.
rookery. He was crushed at last beneath a charge Beside them stood my ill-fated acquaintance, attended by the agents of military
of cavalry, from which he made no effort to escape. justice. He was muffled in his great coat; and
Some of the spectators of bis daring, had him con
veyed to the rear. He was dead; and it was while the adjutant read aloud the award of the court-martial, he neither declined his head, nor
known from papers on his person, as well as by looked to the right or left, but apparently fortified
living testimony, that the mangled corpse was the
sad remains of Edward Lawrence."-p. 197. his powers of endurance for that which was to
From the preceding scene, at which the powder. One of liis ears was cut off, and thrust heart sickens and humanity revolts, we
into his mouth. In a garret recess for the storage
of fruit, two female servants were hidden, who now turn to another view of human depra- could scarcely be persuaded they had nothing to vity, as consummated by the demon of fear. Having flowii thither at the approach of the
ferocious intruders, they had suffered neither inwar in the storming of Ciudad Rodrigo. jury nor insult. They came to the room, where I Having entered the breach and become lingered over an object, unconscious, alas ! of my masters of the place, the author, thus pro- subs, called upon Donna Clara! 1 pointed to the ceeds:
alcove where the heart-broken la had Aung her
self on the bleeding corpse of her grey-haired “ Setting restraint at defiance, the soldiers, im- father. She, too, might have had a sheltering pelled by the brutish frenzy created in minds desti. place, could her tilia! piety have permitted her to tute of moral courage, when recently escaped remain there when her high-spirited sire feebly from the perils of strife, gave a loose to the direst strove to repel the violators of his hearth. passions which crime and ignorance liave pamper. "Master of a few Spanish phrases, I used them ed, to emulate the tiends. Dispersed in parties of in addressing some words of comfort to the ill-starfrom four to thirty, they butchered the distracted red girl. They were to her as the songs of the stragglers of the llying garrison ! plundered the summer bird, carolled in despair. Her sole return houses of the unhappy citizens, ransacked their was a faintly recurring plaint, that seemed to say, cellars, and, effacing by intoxication the last ves. 'Let my soul de part in peace ! tiges of humanity, sallied forth yelling and raven- "I motioned to her attendants to separate her ing like wild beasts, holding an infernal carnival from the beloved source of her inutterable sorrow. of riot, burning, violation, and massacre.
They could not comply without the application of “ Passing through a narrow street with two force, bordering upon violence. Bidding them deScottish serjeants, I heard the shriek of a female. sist, I signitied a desire that they should procure Looking up, we saw at an open lattice, by the some animating restorative. A flask of wine was light of a lamp she bore, a girl about sixteen, ber brought. The serjeants withdrew. One of the hair and dress disordered, the expression of her women held the lamp ; the other gently elevated olive countenance marked by anguish and extreme ber mistress's head. Kneeling by the couch in the terror. A savage in scarlet uniform dragged her alcove, I poured a little of the liquor into a glass, backward, accompanying the act with the vilest aplilied it to her lips, then took it away, til I execrations in English. We entered the court- bad concealed my uniform beneath the torn mantilla yard, where the hand of rapine had spared us the “ Affliction, thou hast long been my yoke-fellow ! necessity of forcing a passage. My companions Thou bast smitten to the core of my beinig with a were humane, conscientious men, with the reso. frequent and a heavy hand ; but I bless an all-wise, luteness that in military life almost invariably ac- an all-merciful God, who tries that he may temper companies these qualities. Armed for whatever us, that I have not a second time been doomed to might ensue, they kept steadily by me, until we witness aught so crushing to the soul, so overarrived at a sort of corridor, from the extremity of whelming in woe, as the situation of the young which issued the tones of the same feminine voice, creature over whom I watched on the baleful midimploring mercy, in the Spanish tongue. Spring night of our victory! ing forward, my foot slipped in a pool of blood. - She had battled with a might exceeding her Before I could recover, the door of the apartment sex's strength, against nameless indignities, and whither we were lurrying, opened, and two sol. she bore the marks of the conflict. Her maiden diers of my own company discharged their muskets attire was rent into shapelessness ; her brow was at us, sliglitly wounding one of the gallant Scots. bruised and swollen ; her abundant hair, almost Intemperance had blinded the ruffians, and frus- preternaturally black, streamed wildly over her trated their murderous intentions-We felled them bosom, revealing in its interstices fresh waving to the ground, and penetrated into the chamber- streaks of crimson, which confirmed the tale of There I had a hair-breadth escape from falling, ultra-barbarian outrage ; her cheek had borrowed by the fury of another of the desperadoes. Parry, the same fatal hue from the heck of her slaughtering his bayonet, which he aimed at my breast, I ed parent, to whom, in her insensibility, she clung, could not prevent it taking a less dangerous course, with love strong as death.' Daughter of Spain, and lacerating my left cbeek, nearly from the lip well was it for thy sire that he was gone from a to the eye. The gash, though frightful, threaten- polluted world ; well was it for him to whom thou ed no consequences more serious than an ugly wouldst bave flown in thy desolateness, that his scar. Surgical knowledge enabled me to perceive place was filled by a stranger to his wounded dove : this, as well as to apply the remedies within reach. one wbo, though devoted as a brother, could better It was a light matter, compared to the accumui. bear up under the bitter ministrations of that lated wretchedness visible around me.
hour! " The room wherein we stood had been devoted " Through the means adopted, she gave token to the festivities of a retired family of moderate of revival. Her hand had retained a small gold fortune. It contained the remnants of those de. cross, and slie raised it to her lips. The clouded cent elegancies that properly appertain to the lids were slowly expanded from her large dark
strangers' apartment' in a dwelling of the iniddle eyes. A low agonizing moan followed, I basten. class. Mutilated pictures, and fragments of ex- ed to present the wine. In the act, the mantilla pensive mirrors, strewed the floor, which was un. fell from the arm that conveyed the glass.-Appalcarpeted, and formed of different kinds of wood, lingly she shrieked, --became convulsed, - passed curiously tesselated. An ebony cabinet, doubtless froin' fit to fit,-expired.- I called the serjeants. a venerable heir-loom, had suffered as if from the • We are here!' they answered. • Spurn these stroke of a sledge. Its contents, consisting of monsters, bound as they are, into the court-yard; household documents and touching domestic me. remain in the house until morning-I must hence.' morials, were scattered about at random. An _ It will be dangerous, sir, to venture into the antique sideboard lay overturned ; a torn mantilla streets to night-consider your wound.'— It may drooped on a sofa, ripped, and stained with wine. be 80-I wish it may ; help me to clear the pasThe white drapery, on which tingers steeped in sage-I do not feel a wound !'-I plunged into the gore had left their traces, hung raggedly from the darkness. The black ensigns of the Almighty's walls. Pinioning our prisoners, we barricadoed the wrath were unfurled over the earth, of which all doors against intrusion, and proceeded to offer all lovely and holy things had taken an eternal fare. the assistance and consolation in our power to the well, and resigned it to the dominion of demons inmates of the desecrated mansion.
There was to be no future resurrection of the “ On investigation, the serjeants found the dead inorning. Thus spoke my tempestuous emotions. body of a domestic, whose fusil and dagger showed But morning came at last; and its grey eye saw that he had fought for the roof that covered himn. me, like a shipwrecked mariner, pacing mournfully His beard had been burnt in derision with gun- near the gate of St. Jago."-p. 223.
Escaping with life, but with an enfeebled their kindred departments, which Bertha frame, and emaciated constitution, this has suffered to pass over in silence. On graceless prodigal, having killed his friend poetry, morals, and religion, the uncle of in a duel, at last finds his way to England, this young lady is always both able and where he learns that his father, having ready to furnish much useful information. grown despondent at his misconduct, neg- It cannot, however, be supposed that lected his business, and sunk into poverty, these volumes enter very deeply into the had become a bankrupt, and died almost subjects of which they treat. For this, they of a broken heart. Struck with these dis- are far too numerous and too brief. They asters, and smarting under his own cala- imbody the results of investigations pursued mities, he retired into Wales, to spend the by others, and teach the reader to take adremnant of his days in penitence, and to vantage of tasks which the laborious and publish to the world, this well-written, but scientific among mankind have already perpainful narrative of An Only Son.
Of the manners and customs which pre
vail among the various tribes of mankind, Review.— Bertha's Visit to her Uncle in from the savage state, to that of civilization
England, in three Vols. 12mo. pp. 303, and refinement, we find some pleasing and 306, 303. Murray, London. 1831.
interesting accounts. The productions of To the inquiries of the reader, Of what various climates, which administer to the do these volumes treat? the reply would be wants of man and of the inferior animals, thought vague, equivocal, and indefinite, are so disposed as to arrest the attention, were we to answer, Of almost every thing and furnish topics for the most beneficial Such, however, is their diversified character, reflections. In all the apparatus of nature, that we are scarcely indebted to hyperbole the operations of a superintending Provifor the appellation thus universally applied. dence are distinctly seen; and he that can From this declaration few perhaps will pass them by unheeded, must possess either withhold their assent, when they are in- a dull understanding, or an unfeeling heart. formed, that every page in the three volumes To enter deeply into any of these remerits a distinct title, by exhibiting a suc- searches would be inconsistent with the cession of variety, drawn either from the nature and character of this work. It is empire of nature or the productions of art. designed for the amusement and instruction
The plan of this amusing and very useful of the young; and in few books, now in cirwork, may be stated in a few words. culation, have these points been so happily Bertha, having spent her years of childhood blended; and fewer still have been enlivat Rio Janeiro, is sent to pay a visit to her ened with so much interesting variety. It uncle in England. Of her voyage, obser- has no stories, but many historical extracts, vations, interviews, conversations, and in- full of life and vigour; no artificial anecquiries, she keeps a regular journal, from dotes, but multitudes of facts that are equally which the contents of these volumes are pre- entertaining; no tinsel ornaments, which sumed to be extracted, and transmitted to dazzle with a meretricious glare, but phenoher friends in South America.
mena drawn from nature and art, at the Very different from those trifling publi- sight of which, fiction is compelled to hide cations which employ fiction to please the her diminished head. imagination of folly, and to rock ignorance We have been so much delighted with in its cradle to repose, Bertha's visit to her these volumes, that we regret others of a uncle seems to have been paid for some similar character and tendency are not more valuable purpose; and the information numerous. They contain novelty supplied which she has procured, being of a sterling by nature, without the inventions of proscharacter, is deserving of general attention tituted ingenuity. The field into which on each side of the Atlantic.
Bertha has entered is too ample to be On the vegetable and animal tribes of speedily exhausted, and too rich in genuine creation, as they appear in various parts of materials to send her a begging to romance. the earth, either in a wild, a cultivated, or a Intellectual health and vigour run through domesticated state, many judicious obser- all her pages. She breathes an uncontavations are made. The outlines of science, minated atmosphere, and the simple franatural and experimental philosophy, ma- grance of nature accompanies all her steps. chinery, the arts in their various branches, The Hygeia of morals imparts an Orient including agriculture, architecture, and do- colouring to the simplicity of truth, which mestic economy, occupy prominent features will retain its freshness until art and wickin these volumes; nor will it be easy to edness can muster power sufficient to renmention a single topic in either these, or der utility and nature contemptible.