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“ On the following morning, between utterly unknown. Conceive of my almost eleven and twelve o'clock, I left my inn, crushing astonishment: but that is imposand with intense anxiety watched the pre- sible--no; the most imaginative of imaginparations which were making for leaving ative beings would fail to do it, while I read this celebrated port. The hour at length the following :arrived for the packet to start, and with all « « Rev. and dear sir, convenient speed I hasted on board. Two 6. Under feelings which no language can short hours brought me to the place where adequately describe, produced by the asthe coach receives its passengers, and at tounding information furnished to us to-day, about ten o'clock that night I found myself (O tell it not in Gath,) that you were recomfortably seated with my invalid friend cognized at the theatre at Hull, on Tuesday in his warm and well-stocked study. evening last, we hastily but most earnestly

“To me there has ever been, since I first suggest to you the impropriety of returning knew the import of the endearing name of to Such is the present wretched friend,' inexpressible charms, a mystic feeling of our immediate friends, and such influence in friendship, which I can fully the excitement produced throughout the feel, but cannot describe : my whole soul town by this sad event, that any attempt on is led in pleasing captivity by it, and, like a your part to occupy the pulpit next Lord's soporific draught, the cares and turmoils day, under any circumstances, would only of life are annihilated by it. Whatever increase the excitement. some may conceive of the assertion, yet

66 • With hearts almost bleeding with grief I hesitate not to make it, that I am a dis- for the irreparable injury the cause of Christ ciple of Spencer in this particular, pre- will hereby sustain, we subscribe ourselves ferring friendship to love. The heart that hastily yours.' beats not high with friendship is not capable I merely glanced over a part of this of love: some rude passion it may indeed epistle, the whole I had not power to read. possess, misnamed love; but love it is not, My first feeling, if feeling it may be called, cannot be. The celebrated Tully has well was of an overwhelming order. I was observed, that friendship in proves and stupified, neither knowing what I said or abates misery, by doubling our joys and what I did. Had the earth yawned beneath dividing our griefs.' The son of Sirach my feet, my astonishment could scarcely has beautifully expressed the influence of have been exceeded. The readily received friendship: A faithful friend is the me- evil report, and the coldness with which the dicine of life.'—Eccl. vi. 15. What, in the communication closed, unmanned me. I admired writings of Horace and Epictetus, directed the person who delivered the can compare to this ? Nothing ! Steele too packet to take the refreshment which I had has said with great force, “The mere well ordered for myself, and hasted on board, wishes of a friend give a man constancy although in direct opposition to the advice and courage against the prevailing force of of my friends. Bold in my innocency, I enemies. The well-known and interesting determined to hasten to the spot of accusahistoric fact of Damon and Pythias imme- tion, and meet it as circumstances might diately rushes to the mind, and with Dr. enable me. Young we exclaim

“ On no occasion, perhaps, was the poet's * Poor is the friendless master of a world.'

meaning better understood in his application

of the epithet leaden winged' to time, “ The time which I was capable of than by myself during the painful hours spending with my friend was brief, not which intervened betwixt my leaving the comparatively, but in reality. My visit, place where the packet was received, and however, had its influence upon him, for at my arrival at home. Unexpectedly, and my departure he was able to accompany perhaps rather abruptly, I entered the me to the coach ; while I, with an elasticity apartment in which the gentlemen by whom of feeling I had not recently experienced, I had been addressed were assembled. journeyed back towards my place of resi. Never shall I forget my feeling, as I looked dence. On entering the inn at which tra. on them; the deep workings of mental vellers stop until the vessel is ready to cross anxiety were portrayed in each countenance, the Humber, I ordered some refreshment; although in different degrees, and in various and scarcely had I tasted it, before an in- ways. “Gentlemen,” I exclaimed, as soon quiry was made for me by name, and a as I obtained utterance, “I feel hurt that so packet put into my hand bearing my address. unworthy an opinion should have been I opened it with haste, at a loss to conceive formed of my character by you, as to receive whence, or from whom, a parcel could be so degrading a report : however, to set your directed for me to a place where I was minds at ease, as far as possible, upon


question, before I enter into particulars—I day was the eve of the sabbath : calls and deny the charge, without any exception. messages from Christian friends, whose kind Whether," I continued, “the report be sympathy I shall never forget, were frequent. the product of erring mistake, or designing A feverish anxiety possessed me, to know mischief, or by whom it has been circulated, the result of my kind friend's journey : to me is alike unknown; nor is it necessary fearing, as I did, that the required informaI should at present direct my inquiries to tion might not be obtained. In that case, those points. As my character and your I was aware that I had nothing to depend peace are both concerned, I will first fur- on for my justification, but my own assevenish you with a detailed account of the ration that I was not in the theatre ; and manner in which my time has been spent this, I felt assured, would not be sufficient to from my leaving this place until my return.” remove the impression which had taken I then particularly and carefully stated the hold on the minds of some. During the manner in which my time had been day, various observations were floating divided and employed as far as I could about, and not a few of them truly ludi. remember.

“ After having so done, it was judged ne- Among numbers in the place which cessary that the person by whom the report Kirk White has immortalized, as the “ little had been circulated should be seen : this litigious town,” some observed, Poor man, was immediately attended to; when I found perhaps he was mistaken in the building, that the same distinguished personage who and took it for a place of worship;' but had been so markedly garrulous during my then,' pay here,' issuing from the mouth of voyage to Hull, had again been putting her the door-keeper, cut up the supposition. astonishing powers into exercise. With a Other some thought, in the abundance of pertinacity which deserved a better cause, their compromising good nature, that there she insisted upon the correctness of her was little harm' in it, even admitting the statement—that on entering the pit of the statement to be a fact, and therefore contheatre, on the evening in question, she not ceived too much ado was made about it, as only saw me, but, on her looking me in the if the gentleman had committed murder; face, I bowed to her. This, in her mind, while there were not wanting those who was evidence amounting to demonstration; offered the apology, that ‘I had taken my besides which, her companions (two gentle- place in the pit,' for the purpose of assisting men) who were with her, likewise saw me: me more correctly to describe from the

press one of them, she admitted, was in a state of and the pulpit the ‘BOTTOMLESS PIT! А inebriety; but the other, although the con. kindly feeling towards me, I believe, trary had been stated, was sober. Every prompted this variety of opinion, and, alargument which could be employed to con- though I desired them not, I felt grateful to vince her of the possibility of being mis- their authors. taken was unavailing. I gave her credit, “ The hour at length arrived when I was and still do, for stating no more than she aware the gentleman referred to would was convinced in her mind was a fact; but return. Never did a condemned criminal, as nothing could be done to convince her of who looked for a reprieve, count with more her mistake, we left her to consult upon the anxiety the lagging periods of time. I laid steps which it now appeared necessary my, watch on the table before me, and should be taken. After a variety of sug- gazed with a nervous sickness upon its face. gestions, it was determined that one of the The hour had passed, and he returned not. gentlemen whose high character in the town I bowed my knees, and prostrated my soul would, it was certain, secure full credence before God, and sought his aid. Presently for all he should report, and whose ample a report reached me that all was right.' knowledge of human affairs, and undis- Yet he came not. What the import of the sembled piety, rendered him eminently word might be, I feared to allow myself to qualified for the business, should (having think. It might be believed that all was kindly consented to do so) visit Hull on the correct which had been stated ; if so, my following morning, and, if possible, obtain character, my all, was blasted, and by what from the inn-keeper, where I had stayed, base means. At length the quick foot of such information as might prove to the my friend caught my ear--he entered—I public the incorrectness of the tale.

fixed my eye upon his countenance“I saw, “ The strong excitement of my feelings or fancied I saw, that the deep tinge of produced effects upon my system, such as I sorrow, which rested on it on the preceding have not to the present moment overcome, evening, was gone, and that a pleasing nor do I expect I ever shall, until my spirit satisfaction was playing in its stead. shall enter a happier region. The following “ What information, sir ?" I inquired,

" Neither may I


223 have you received ?' 'All that could be of Whitchurch, who, it appears, was our desired, sir,' he replied, and most satis- author's eldest son. The title-pages of his factory.' At that expression, accompanied commentary inform us, he was some time of with a warm pressure of the hand, a load Christ Church College, Oxford, and preacher fell from my spirit; I could scarcely sustain of the word of God at Weston upon Avon, my feelings, and I breathed my silent but Gloucestershire. This parish, in 1808, is fervent thanks to God.

said in Capper's Topographical Dictionary, “ He proceeded to inform me, that, after to contain 20 houses, and 118 inhabitants. after having described my person to the It appears, from an incidental allusion to keeper of the inn, he asked if he remem- the gunpowder plot, which he remembered, bered such a gentleman having been at his and which he informs us took place when house on such an evening? He replied to he was four years old, that Mr. Trapp was him in the affirmative, adding, “The gen- born in 1601, two years before the death of tleman came in, sir, while we were at tea, queen Elizabeth. the usual time of which is six o'clock, it Of his early years and education, little is might have been a few minutes after, though known, beyond an occasional reference in many it could not have been; he remained his great work. On Revelation v. 9, we in my house the whole of the evening, and read : “Oh! I could find in my heart to at about ten retired.' Having stated fall afresh upon the study of the Revelation, this much,' said my friend, ‘he turned, and had I strength to do it,” said my reverend called his wife, who, when she appeared, old master unto me, a little afore his death ; corroborated in every particular the state- Mr. John Ballam, I mean, minister of the ments of her husband."

word for many years at Evesham, where I “ An ALIBI was thus satisfactorily proved, heard him (in my childhood) preaching many as the time stated, that I was discovered in a sweet sermon upon the second and third the theatre, was from seven until about ten chapters of this book.” Likewise, in his “Com. minutes after. This pleasing information mon Place of Alms," at the end of his Notes was the same night laid before a meeting on the New Testament, after commending convened for the purpose, and received by a great many worthies distinguished for their everyone with unfeigned delight. The liberality, he observes : next day I pursued my usual labours, here forget that late reverend man of God, although but little fit for my engagements, Mr. John Ballam, pastour of the church at thankful that I had promptly met the alle- Evesham, (my spiritual father, and bounti. gation, and that deliverance had been ex- ful benefactor,) nor yet Mr. Simon Trappe, perienced from Him who is a very pre- late minister of God's word at Stratfordsent help in time of trouble, and who has upon-Avon, my dear and near kinsman both promised, if we call upon him,' he will in the flesh and in the faith.” deliver us.'

Some account of the author is furnished Here my friend ceased. A bright tear in an Epistle to the Reader by Samuel stood in his eye, he was evidently affected. Clarke. It states that he preached conMy own vision was obscured by some stantly, even when he had the care of a drops I could not restrain, which gave evi- public school ; that in the bloody times he dence that I had not been an inattentive or suffered much, and shrouded himself in the unaffected listener to his interesting relation. army of the parliament, where he laboured A variety of reflections passed through my daily among the soldiers. It says, the author mind, which I forbear to state, leaving it is well known in the church of Christ by some with yourself to furnish such as the impor- former labours of his. I find references tance of the circumstances immediately accordingly to his “ Love Tokens,and suggest.

The Afflicted Man's Lessons,” in his Brigg.

Note on Eccles. vii. 14. Other articles of

his, with quaint titles are, I think, glanced THE REV. JOHN TRAPP, A.M., AND HIS

at elsewhere, but none of them have I

It appears from Dugard's poetical address Few, after writing so voluminously, and so to the “ Learned Reverend Author,” in much to the purpose, as this learned, pious, Vol. V. that he published first, his Notes on and judicious author, have had so little John, and afterwards those on the whole written of them. I do not find him even New Testament. Home (who seems to mentioned in any biographical work, though have seen his Notes on the New Testament his grandson, Dr. Joseph Trapp, made some only) says, “ Trapp on the New Testament, figure in the literary annals of queen Anne. first edition, is dated, London, 1647, 2 vols. Chalmers says the doctor's father was rector quarto.” It must then have been at pressui

ever seen.


the author was forty-six years years of age,

When knowledge with the priest alone did rest,

Kept buried in his close and envious breast; and two years before the death of Charles I.

When that the Bible did keep home, and dwell The copy of the Notes on the New Testa- Imprison'd with bis reader in one cell;

When fames did punish light; when but to try ment in my possession, is dated 1656,

And seek for truth was down-right heresie ; second edition. The first part, consisting When unknown language did amuse the throng, of Notes on the Evangelists and Acts, is

And Latine was alone the holy tongue. dedicated to Colonel John Brydges, governor

But since your blest endearours now have made

The nigbt io ty, and bave dispell'd the shade, of Warwick castle, and one of the com- A tire's our conduct now, froin heaven sent; mittee of safety. The Notes on the New

Our guide and comfort, not our punishment."

JOHN TRAPP, M.A. Rector of Whitchurch. Testament were written, it appears, when the author was under the protection of the It appears from the concluding note on colonel. Though attached to the constitu-- Genesis, which is dated July 11, 1643, tion, I should think his politics were not that the author was liberated four months sufficiently violent to serve the interests of before, and wrote his observations on that the royalists, who appear to have forced him book, consisting of 236 small folio pages, to put himself under the wing of the par- during that period, "amid manifold fears liament.

and distractions, at spare hours ;" and purThe second part of the volume; beginning posely to testify his thankfulness to God, with the Epistles, is dedicated to his much his Almighty deliverer, and to those whom honoured father, Mr. John Ley, preacher at he was pleased to use as instruments of his Budworth in Cheshire, and one of the much-endeared liberty. venerable Assembly; author, he says, of The second volume, consisting of annoNotes on the Pentateuch. He alludes to tatious, beginning with Ezra, and ending his "adoption,” but in what sense does not with the Psalms, is dedicated to Sir Edward appear. His “ Marrow of many Good Leigh, author of the Critica Sacra, and Authors," at the close of the volume, is dated 1656, at Welford. The author returns dated 1655. The advertisement is without his patron thanks for freely beneficing and date, but he speaks of being in trouble from fairly encouraging his eldest son. The third “ irrational and irreligious men.

is dedicated to the Stephenses of Sadbury, The first volume of his Notes on the Old and bears date, Welford, Oct. 24, 1659. Testament, second edition, is dated 1662. The fourth volume, dated 1654, is appa. Dugard's address to the book is dated rently of the first edition. It has, prefixed, August 8, 1649, which perhaps points out a short Latin dedication to Dr. John Owen, nearly the date of the first edition. This vice-chancellor of Christ church. The prevolume is dedicated to Sir Charles Lee, face, written by John Bryan and Obadiah deputy lieutenant of Warwick, and to Lady Grew, is dated Coventry, August 29, Mary Lee, of Bilseley. These dedica- 1654. They quote this aphorism from a tions have a singular but pleasing appear. piece by Dr. Fealty, entitled, the Tree of ance, one in Italics, the other in Roman, Saving Knowledge : Scripture is of itself and arranged in parallel columns, with abundantly sufficient for us, but we are not “Grace, mercy, and peace be multiplied,” sufficient for it, without the help of arts placed across the page, so as to suit both and liberal sciences ;” and excellently obpersonages—and between their titles and

.“ We cannot sufficiently conceive or the addresses themselves. The author ac- declare the works of God without natural knowledges the kindness of the knight's philosophy, nor law of God without moral, father towards him forty years before. At nor his attributes without metaphysicks, nor the time of the publication of the entire the dimensions of the ark without the work, his son was beneficed, as appears from mathematicks, nor the songs of Sion without the signature to an address to his “Honoured musick and poetry: we cannot interpret the Father, on his Commentaries upon the whole text without grammar, analyze it without Bible.” These lines do equal credit to the logic, presse and apply it without rhetorick. work they are designed to honour, and to These it hath seemed good to the Holy the good feelings and poetical talents of the Ghost to use in the penning of scripture, to writer :

shew their usefulnesse in their opening; and

who can understand or expound prophesies “ Thus from the scattered cloud does lightning fy' already fulfilled, and to be accomplish't

, And dazzles with wing'd flames the daring eye; Thus, when the picture's veil is drawn, the sight

without insight into profane history? As Is tillid with equal wonder and delight.

for knowledge in the tongues, he deserves How do we owe our better part to you Who mysteries present to common view!

to have his tongue cut out that dares but Now Moses is all light, as when he came

mutter a word against it. Dulcius ex ipso Crown'd with reflections of an hearenly beame. fonte." Time was when truth eclips'd in darkness lay, As if all scripture were Apocrypha :

This volume is likewise introduced by an


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address from the pen of Samuel Clarke, mends the diligence of "the present parliaand dated from “his study in Threadneedle ment.” In the margin are these words, “ this street, July 27, 1654. He thinks fit to tell was written an. 1646.” He remarks: “The the christian reader that “ besides the golden parliament in the 25th of Edward III. is known eloquence, sweet similitudes and fitly ap- to posterity by the name of benedictum purplied histories, which thou shalt find in- liamentum ; so shall the present parliament, terwoven through all this work, thou shalt for the continual attendance upon the Lord's meet with more, for exposition and opening work, bending themselves to the business, of the difficult texts, in this, than in most of (as the word signifies) and holding out his former commentaries ...... Besides, the therein with unparalleled patience.” But author is now grown aged, and so better what can be more uncertain than political experienced in this kind of writing than speculations ? Mr. Trapp alludes here to the formerly.”

long parliament, for his note was written Never surely was an author more happy three years before the death of Charles I. in availing himself of historical facts and The word “parliament” in my copy is underpassing events in illustrating scripture. Thus, scored, and, after the note, I find this entry on Ezek. xvii. 3. A great eagle with in quaint-looking writing : If he means great wings.. . Monarchs, as eagles, the parliament then of England, he is have quick eyes, long talons, fly high deceived, for they were most of them depitches, aim at great matters, strive to get servedly hanged.On the transactions of above all others, chuse themselves high and that period there will perhaps ever be a di. firm seats.... The Spaniard was well versity of opinion. laughed at by captain Drake and his forces, No character is more familiar to the when they took Sancto Domingo, 1585, readers of our immortal dramatist, than that and found in the town-hall the king of of Justice Shallow, who is allowed to have Spain's arms, and under them a globe of been founded on that of Sir Thomas Lucy. the world, out of which issued (not a well. The vanity, pedantry, and garrulity of the plumed eagle, but) a flying horse, with the county magistrate certainly render him in inscription, Non sufficit orbis. We could Shakspeare's hands an object of " continual not so well bridle his pegasus at Sancto laughter.” The cause of the poet's resentDomingo, (yet we put a stop to him at ment need not be related; but whatever Jamaica, but we have lately pulled his might have been Sir Thomas's defects, the plumes in Flanders to some purpose, by following note of Mr. Trapp, on Matt. viii. 6. gaining from him Dunkirk, (now held by portrays such of his excellencies as his the English) and likewise Berghen, another greatest enemies might be happy to have place of great strength, now held by the ascribed to them. Lord, my servant French, the good news whereof came to us lieth at home," &c. Not thrown out of yesterday, being June 27, 1658. Praised doors, nor cast sick into a corner, to sink or be the holy name of God for ever.”

swim, for any care his master would take of So on Nehemiah xiii. 12.-" Then him : No, nor left to be cured at his own brought all Judah. _Then, when there was charges. The good centurion was not a no other remedy. There must be compul- better man than a master. So was that sory means, or ministers shall be poorly renowned Sir Thomas Lucy, late of Charlemaintained...... If once they be brought cot in Warwickshire, to whose singular to live upon the people's benevolence, they commendation it was in mine hearing shall have a poor life of it. Once (in times preached at his funeral, and is now since of popery) there was need of a statute of published by my much honoured friend, Mortmain, providing that they should give Mr. Robert Harris, that (among many no more to the church. But now 'tis other- others that would dearly miss him) a housewise : these last and worst times have seene ful of servants had lost, not a master, but a the springs of bounty, like Jordan, turned physician, who made their sickness his, and back; which heretofore did run so fresh and his cost and physic theirs. Or, as (mine fast into the church. Our statesmen have alter ego) mine entirely beloved kinsman, ministers' maintenance now under debate; Mr. Thomas Dugard, expresseth it in his and much lifting there is by a levelling elegant epitaph, “ His servants' sickness party, (not without a Jesuite to help them) was his sympathy, and their recovery his at tythes and college-lands. The Lord cost.” direct our rulers, and preserve us out of the But what I most of all admire in Mr. hands of these hateful harpyes.” A note in Trapp, is his skilful diligence in ascertaining, the margin says, “this was written July 30, illustrating, and establishing the literal and A.D. 1653."

connected sense of scripture. His prodiIn his note on Romans xiii. 6. he com- gious scholarship and diversified reading, 2D. SERIES, no. 5.-VOL. I.

2 F

149.--VOL. XIII.

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