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EFFECTS OF VARIOUS TRADES ON HEALTH.

363

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don took possession of her bosom, and, with The servant who was in attendance galthe strength of a martyr's confidence she loped hastily to a farm-house which stood exclaimed, as she entered the valley of the at a little distance, for help, while Mr. St. shadow of death, “I fear no evil. Thanks Belmont, throwing the reins on his horse's be unto God who giveth me the victory, neck, dismounted, and raised his wife in his through our Lord Jesus Christ."

One look, one fond look of recogMr. St. Belmont was now ready to ex- nition, was given by her, and all was over; claim with the troubled patriarch, “If I am her spirit with a gentle moan took its flight, bereaved of my children, I am bereaved :" to join her daughter in realms where sorrow still no murmer escaped his lips ; the steady and disease, and pain and death, are unflame of endurance fickered not in his ex- known. The lifeless remains of Mrs. St. perience. His eye lost none of its bright. Belmont were borne to the farm-house, and ness; the tears which he shed, and some medical aid was obtained, but the healer's tears did escape him, seemed to wash away art was in vain; to restore her, required the every obscuring film, which former unmixed power of Him who commanded, and the happiness and prosperity had created. He spirit of Jairus's daughter came again. looked out with a keenness of vision, be- The measure of Mr. St. Belmont's sorrow fore unknown to himself, and beheld already now appeared full. He had drunk the bitthings which are eternal :

ter cup, even to its dregs; still he mur“The invisible appeared in sight,

mured not! The remaining days of his And God was seen by mortal eye.” pilgrimage were devoted to uninterrupted One only remaining tie, bound him to acts of benevolence and piety, and at length earth, and that he felt might soon be snap

he died, as he had lived, furnishing ample ped asunder. The partner of his joys, and evidence, to the sceptic and the infidel, that the sharer of his griefs, she who had been a philosophy superior to their's does certo him an “help meet” indeed, yet remain- tainly exist. If a question as to its nature ed. On no one occasion had she caused a and source agitates their minds, we direct throb of pain to pass through his heart.

them to the Bible; and if surprise possesThe affection of their youth had strength- ses any while contemplating the magnaniened with their age, and now they seemed mity of Mr. St. Belmont, the secret of the as if they should go down together to the

whole is disclosed, in one word, he was — rest of the grave. But infallible Wisdom Brigg.

A CHRISTIAN. had decreed it otherwise. One more trial was to be endured by the bereaved father and affectionate husband, and that was to be

AND LONGEVITY. a " fiery trial !

The health of Mrs. St. Belmont, which The following results are from a work on repeated shocks had considerably impaired, this subject by Dr. Thackrah, an eminent seemed for a time to rally, and she was ad- surgeon of Leeds. vised by her medical attendants to take “ OUT OF DOORS. - Butchers, and the some moderate exercise on horseback, a slaughtermen, their wives, and their errandmode of travelling of which she was re- boys, almost all eat fresh-cooked meat at markable fond. She had been celebrated least twice a day. They are plump and for the ease and gracefulness with which she rosy. They are, generally, also, cheerful sat the most spirited animal. It was judged and good-natured. Neither does their proper, however, on the present occasion, bloody occupation nor their beef-eating that one of gentler mettle than she had been render them savage, as some theorists prein the habit of managing should be furnish- tend, and even as the English law presumes. ed her. All things were arranged, and she They are not subject to such anxieties as set off one morning, with more than usual the Auctuations of other trades produce, for spirit, while Mr. St. Belmont rode by her meat is always in request, and butchers live side, delighted beyond expression at her ap- comfortably in times as well of general pearance. They had proceeded a few miles distress as of general prosperity. They are from home, when on turning suddenly an subject to few ailments, and these the results angle on the road, a pile of stones catching of plethora. Though more free from the eye of the horse which Mrs. St. Bel. diseases than other trades, they, however, mont rode, it instantly took fright, and, be- do not enjoy greater longevity; on the fore her husband could render her any contrary, Mr. T. thinks their lives shorter assistance, she was carried by the frightened than those of other men who spend much animal a considerable distance-ber riding time in the open air. Cattle and horsehabit became entangled-and she fell with dealers are generally healthy, except when violence to the ground.

their habits are intemperate. Fishmony

EFFECTS OF VARIOUS TRADES ON HEALTH

though much exposed to the weather, are in a bad posture. Digestion and circulation hardy, temperate, healthy, and long-lived. are so much impaired, that the countenance Cart-drivers, if sufficiently fed and tem- would mark a shoemaker almost as well as perate, the same. Labourers in husbandry, a tailor. We suppose that, from the re&c. suffer from a deficiency of nourish. duction of perspiration and other evacument. Brickmakers, with full muscularations, in this and similar employments, the exercise in the open air, though exposed blood is impure, and consequently the comto vicissitudes of cold and wet, avoid rheum- plexion darkened. The secretion of bile atism and inflammatory diseases, and is generally unhealthy, and bowel comattain good old age. Paviers, subject to plaints are frequent. The capacity of the complaints in the loins, increasing with age, lungs, in the individuals examined, we but they live long. Chaise-drivers, postil- found to average six and one third, and lions, coachmen, guards, &c. from the the circumference of the chest thirty-five position of the two former on the saddle, inches. In the few shoemakers who live irregular living, &c., and from the want of to old age, there is often a remarkable muscular exercise in the two latter, are hollow at the base of the breast-bone, ocsubject to gastric disorders, and, finally, casioned by the pressure of the last. Curapoplexy and palsy, which shortens their riers and leather-dressers very healthy, and lives. Carpenters, coopers, wheelwrights, live to old age. Saddlers lean much for&c., healthy and long-lived. Smiths, often ward, and suffer accordingly from headach intemperate, and die comparatively young. and indigestion. Printers (our worthy Rope -makers and gardeners suffer from co-operators) are kept in a confined atmotheir stooping postures.

sphere, and generally want exercise. Pressa “ IN-DOOR OCCUPATIONS.— Tailors, not. men, however, have good and varied withstanding their confined atmosphere and labour. Compositors are often subjected bad posture, are not liable to acute diseases, to injury from the types. These, a com. but give way to stomach complaints and pound of lead and antimony, emit, when consumption. It is apparent, even from heated, a fume which affects respiration, observing only the expression of coun. and are said, also, to produce partial palsy tenance, the complexion, and the gait, that in the hands. Among the printers, howthe functions of the stomach and the heart ever, of whom we have inquired, care is are greatly impaired, even in those who generally taken to avoid composing till the consider themselves well.

We see no types are cold, and thus no injury is sus. plump and rosy tailors; none in fine form tained. The constant application of the and strong muscle. The spine is generally eyes to minute objects gradually enfeebles curved; the reduction in the circumference these organs. The standing posture long of the chest is not so much as we might maintained here, as well as in other occuexpect; the average of our measurements pations, tends to injure the digestive organs. presented 33 to 34 inches, while that of Some printers complain of disorders of the other artisans is about 36. The capacity stomach and head, and few appear to enjoy of the lungs, as evinced by measuring the full health. Consumption is frequent. We air thrown out at an expiration, is not less can scarcely find or hear of any compositor than common : the average of six indi- above the age of fifty. In many towns viduals was 73 pints. The prejudicial in- printers are intemperate. BookbindersAuence of their employ is more insidious a healthy employment. Carvers and gilders than urgent-it undermines rather than de look pale and weakly, but their lives are stroys life. Of twenty-two of the workmen not abbreviated in a marked degree. Clockemployed in Leeds, not one had attained makers, generally healthy and long lived. the age of sixty, two had passed fifty, and Watchmakers, the reverse. House-servants, of the rest, not more than two had reached in large, smoky towns, unhealthy. Colforty. We heard of an instance or two of liers and well-sinkers, a class by themgreat age, but the individuals had lived selves, seldom reach the age of fifty. chiefly in the country. Staymakers hare “ EMPLOYMENTS

DUST, their health impaired, but live to a good ODOURS, OR GASEOUS EXHALATIONS.—If average. Milliners, dress-makers, and straw- from animal substances, not injurious; nor bonnet-makers are unhealthy and short- from the vapour of wine or spirits. Tolived. Spinners, cloth-dressers, weavers, bucco-manufacturers do not appear to suffer &c. are or less healthy, as they from the fioating poison in their atmoshave exercise and air. Those exposed to phere. Snuff-making is more pernicious. inhale imperceptible particles of dressings, Men in oil mills, generally healthy. Brush&c., such as frizers, suffer from disease, and makers live to a very great age. Grooms are soonest cut off. Shoemakers are placed and hostlers inspire ammoniacal gas, and are

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A VISIT TO THE COTTAGE AND GRAVE OF

ISLE OF WIGHT.

commune ;

THE DAIRYMAN'S DAUGHTER.

365 robust, healthy, and long-lived. Glue and long-lived. Brewers are, as a body, far from size boilers, exposed to the most noxious healthy. Under a robust and often florid stench, are fresh-looking and robust. Tal- appearance, they conceal chronic diseases low chandlers, also exposed to offensive of the abdomen, particularly a congested animal odour, attain considerable age. state of the venous system. When these Tanners, remarkably strong, and exempt men are accidentally hurt or wounded, they from consumption. Corn-millers, breathing are more liable than other individuals to an atmosphere loaded with flour, are pale severe and dangerous effects. Cooks and and sickly: very rarely attain old age. confectioners are subjected to considerable Malsters cannot live long, and must leave heat. Our common cooks are more un. the trade in middle life. Tea-men suffer healthy than housemaids. Their digestive from the dust, especially of green teas; but organs are frequently disordered : they are this injury is not permanent. Coffee-roasters subject to headach, and their tempers renbecome asthmatic, and subject to headach dered irritable. Glass-workers are healthy ; and indigestion. Paper-makers, when aged, glass-blowers often die suddenly. cannot endure the effect of the dust from cutting the rags. The author suggests the use of machinery in this process. In the wet, and wear and tear of the mills, they

THE DAIRYMAN'S DAUGHTER, ARRETON, are not seriously affected, but live long. Masons are short-lived, dying generally before forty. They inhale particles of sand

“ An earthly paradise of sweets, and dust, lift heavy weights, and are too Wbere moving Wordsworth might with flowers often intemperate.

Miners die prema- Where od'rous woodbine o'er each cottage meets turely. Machine-makers seem to suffer

;,

Where waken'd feelings with the scene attune.' only from the dust they inhale, and the consequent bronchial irritation. The filers The sweetly simple and pathetic narrative (iron) are almost all unhealthy men, and of “The Dairyman's Daughter,” like the remarkably short-lived. Founders (in brass) Pilgrim's Progress" of John Busyan, will suffer from the inhalation of the volatilized be read and remembered as long as morality metal. In the founding of yellow brass, in and an English cottage are identifiable. Its particular, the evolution of oxide of zinc is delightful ebullitions of pious rapture, its very great. They seldom reach forty years. exquisite paintings of land and ocean scenery, Copper-smiths are considerably affected by and its enviable portraiture of the heaventhe small scales which rise from the imper- aspiring rustic, of whose life and death it is fectly volatilized metal, and by the fumes the subject, have rendered its humble pages of the spelter, or solder of brass. The immortal. Translated into the language of men are generally unhealthy, suffering from many a clime, it has gone forth to the world disorders similar to those of the brass- an ever-during record of the moral grandeur founders. Tin-plate-workers are subjected which may be said to generally distinguish to fumes from muriate of ammonia and the unsophisticated peasantry of our privisulphureous exhalations from the coke which leged land. It is a little tome, from which they burn. These exhalations, however, philosophy might learn something; it is a appear to be annoying rather than injurious, garland from which poetry might cull some as the men are tolerable healthy, and live flowers wherewith to adorn her; and it is a to a considerable age. Tinners also are mirror, in which the self-sufficient pietist subject only to temporary inconvenience might perceive the pride and deceit of his from the fumes of the soldering. Plumbers

own heart. are exposed to the volatilized oxide of lead, The Isle of Wight, celebrated no less for which rises during the process of casting. its picturesque and varied scenery, than for They are sickly in appearance, and short- the healing and salubrious properties of its lived. House-painters are unhealthy, and atmosphere, was the birth-place, residence, do not generally attain full age. Chemists and scene of death and burial, of Elizabeth and druggists, in laboratories, are sickly Wallbridge, the Dairyman's Daughter ; and and consumptive. Potters, affected through it was while on a rambling visit to the island, the pores of the skin, become paralytic, that I formed the resolution of visiting her and are remarkably subject to constipation. cottage and grave; influenced as well by Hatters, grocers, bakers, and chimney- the reverential regard I cherished for her sweepers (a droll association) also suffer narrative, as by the fact, that the venerable through the skin.; but, though the irritation author, the Rev. Legh Richmond, expired occasions diseases, they are not, except in about two months after I landed on the the last class, fatal. Dyers are healthy and island.

l'p with the sun, I set out, after an early many another had been similarly impressed breakfast, on my way to Arreion. The by it. Oh! in what temple of man's dedelightful morn had overspread the land- vice has religion such overpowering eloscape with its summer light, and, shooting quence of appeal, as when its precepts are through forest and brake, had awaked the presented to us in the boundless temple of grateful birds, whose united songs rever- all but immortal nature! Her sovereign berated through the cultured valley. Leave beauty, her silent rhetoric, do they not coning Newport behind me, I climbed St. firm the facts of man's fall, his body's deGeorge's Down, and, while pausing at the cay, and his soul's immortality ? summit for breath, could not avoid being Passing through Arreton, I took the road sublimely impressed by the gleaming scene which led me to another, though trifiing, around me. On a commanding eminence, eminence, which, after traversing for a mile mouldered the terrible towers of Carisbrooke or two, brought me to a point from which, Castle, the beams of the careering sun glancing around, another enchanting view fouting its solemn decay, and gilding its presented itself. Amongst its most proivyd battlements and rich gateway with minent objects were, the barren and lofty noon-day lustre.

height of St. Catherine's, the umbrageous Below its site, the village of Carisbrooke, and relieving acclivities of Bonchurch and with its grotesquely Norman church, and Ventnor, and the spacious bay of Sandown. the gable-end of the ruined priory, formed a “ The sun-lit sea beyond the valley gleam'd, pictorial group, which invited the skill of And 'neath the eagle's cliff supinely lay; the artist to transfer it to the canvass.

The

The argent sky with mimic arrows teem'd,

Which shot their semblance to the peerless bay.” whole landscape presented a fascinating medley of farms, hamlets, and villas, inter

Immediately around me were corn-fields spersed here and there by brooklets, and and meadows, their hedges overrun by wild intersected by woodlands. Northward, the lilies, hollyhocks, and the delicate harebell

. river Medina displayed its silvery waters,

At my feet ran a “plashy brook,” fed by stretching as far as Newport, and dividing, crystal springs, its course bedecked by snowy to that point, the foremost part of the island; lilies, which bowed their meek bells unto its surface studded by gliding boats and

the placid surface, recalling to memory the barges, and its banks adorned with superb exquisite image of quiet beauty in one of mansions embosomed in clustering groves—

Coleridge's poemsWhippingham church, the castles of John “As water-lilies ripple a slow stream." Nash, Esq., and Lord Henry Seymour, the Another quarter of a mile, and I came to former, backed by fine plantations, and the the cottage of “ Elizabeth Wallbridge, the latter seated on a height contiguous to the Dairyman's Daughter.” It stands about wave-washed beach. Around the defined the breadth of a narrow field from the road, edges of the island, at intervals uninter- and a dwelling more humble in appearance rupted by hills, blue glimpses of the ocean cannot possibly be conceived. It is a attracted the eye, and passing ships crossed building of but one floor, with a low roof, the openings made by the different bays— its windows darkened by shrubs. The fancy constituting a scene of blended sublimity of Legh Richmond has thrown around it and beauty, not to be equalled in any other poetical interest, for, abstractedly viewed, it part of England.

is of comparatively no importance. The I descended St. George's Down, and best engraved view of it, paltry as it is, is the came in sight of Arreton, the burial-place of little wood-cut vignette in the title-page of Elizabeth Wallbridge, which lay at my feet, the “ Dairyman's Daughter,” published by a romantic, straggling village, possessing a

the Tract Society. peculiarly antique church. I was some- I entered, sans ceremonie, this unprewhat struck, while pacing the downward tending mansion, and encountered the bromeadows adjacent to Arreton, with an ther of Elizabeth, now a man advanced in incription written with chalk, on a stone years. He is a person of slight information, protruding from a wild and brambly sand- simple and unintelligent. I in vain strove

to excite him to converse on the subject of

his sister's feelings, her unrecorded converThose eyes that read, though starry bright, Will shortly close in death's long night :

sations, and views in the article of death : Those lips that cheerly move, they must

he answered evasively, evidently not through Be blended with inglorious dust!”

wishing to avoid discussing the theme beIt had been traced by the hand of some cause of feeling too deeply upon it; but moralist of the woods, some peripatetic sen- from an apparent distrust of his conversatimentalist or other; and its salutary injunc- tional powers. He pointed out to me the tion was not lost upon me. Doubtless chair in, and the window by, which she

bank :

" Remember!

THE DAIRYMAN'S DAUGHTER.

367

used to sit, in the former of which I seated sconced mansion of the rector, detracts not myself—and here I may remark, that were from the sensation. However, though wealth it not frivolous to carp at such slight mis- has refused her magic aid in the adornment nomers, I might arraign the narrative of the of the bricks and mortar of Arreton, nature transcendently pious author, for some slight has amply supplied the deficiency; and the mistakes committed in the graphic sketching exuberance of roses, lilies, hollyhocks, woodof the Dairyman's dwelling.

bines, and Virginian creepers, which adorn Speaking of the chairs reminds me of the flower-beds, and run up the walls, such mistakes, as he describes them to be of each little residence, and the falling of oak, whereas they are of the coarsest elm, springs which dash down the chalky hillocks, or walnut. The walls of the principal room shew that creation has charms to soften the were decorated with pictures and plaster harshest features of repulsive penury. busts, which were any thing but creditable

The gate of the church-yard was opened to the fine arts. The cottage album, pre- to me by a couple of blushing urchins, sented by the Rev. Legh Richmond, or whose suppliant voices and extended hands some one of his family, was brought me for betokened the frequency of such visits as perusal. It contained nothing beyond a mine. Guided by their direction, I wound mere registration of names and dates, with round the ivy-enveloped chancel of the here and there a quotation from Watts or Norman church, on the north side of which Wesley. I subscribed my name to the is the grave of Elizabeth Wallbridge, the unassuming record, in doing which I felt Dairyman's Daughter. It is headed by an sincerely impressed with the necessity of unadorned tablet, the inscription on which following in her steps. If we wish a happy was furnished by the Rev. L. Richmond, eternity to succeed a short and precarious and which is remarkably pathetic and aptime, to “such complexion must we come. propriate-no common qualities, when we My exquisite recollections of the story of consider the unproductiveness of the beaten Elizabeth Wallbridge had been treasured path of epitaph writing. The date of her up from the days of even my infantine death is May 30th, 1801, her age 31. admiration. Forbidden the rambler's en

But the words of Richmond form not the joyment of a holiday, assigned to others of sole epitaph of the Dairyman's Daughter. my own age, I used to look forward to The stone is literally covered with inscripsuch season with the same feeling of plea- tions in pencil—the effusions of visitors from surable anticipation with which a gour- all parts of England : a fact which has mand contemplates a feast—the viands, my aforetime so irritated the Rev. books. Pre-eminently prized above the rest lead to the expunging of the fragile tracings was the simple volume containing the of black-lead pencil with a wet cloth ; the

Dairyman's Daughter," and its natural aforesaid potent and zealous personage portraitures, and impressive diction, formed avowing his detestation of “scribbling the links which bound the memory of those Methodists, and rhyming ranters.” hours to that in which I walked the identical It was verging towards evening : the scene. Imagination easily supplied the dew had wetted the consecrated turf; the annihilated adjuncts of the stilly spot—the sky was veiling its azure beauty in transwhite-haired old man, with broken voice parent clouds; the heathy and yellow hills and tottering step; the devout pastor minis- skirting the north side of the burying-ground tering to the dying penitent; the audible cast a sombre and thought-inspiring shade amen' of the kneeling soldier, in the sacred over the graves of the “ rude forefathers” of silence of the death-room, and the touching Arreton; the nightingale was singing her sobs of irrepressible anguish from the ago- exquisite and broken catches in the remote nized mother—all were vividly present to wood ; and the flickering swallows were the eye and ear of my mind.

retiring to their nests beneath the cottage After some desultory conversation, I eaves. It was an hour and a scene to be shook hands with the brother of the Dairy- coveted; and, touched by its influence, I man's Daughter, and retraced my steps to knelt down, and with my pencil traced the Arreton, to enjoy the melancholy luxury of humble modicum of verse, which, before moralizing over her “last rest."

leaving the tomb of the Dairyman's Daughter, The village itself presents nothing re

I felt constrained to add to the numberless markably attractive, if we except its beau- offerings to the moral muse, which already tifully secluded and scenic situation. A were recorded on her burial-stone:cold chill of consciousness that you are If earthly griefs have caused my feet to roam gazing on the retreats of poverty and unre

In search of Peace, to woo her with vain sighs,

Thy meek example points me out a homequited labour, is felt on beholding its A path that leads to pardon and the skies. cottages, and a glance at the snugly en- London, May 2, 1831.

G. Y. H.

as to

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