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1. 5. Respect and Honour, 1 Kings xiv. 9. however, was not caused by any ill-will or " And hast cast me behind thy back.”- deficiency of kindness subsisting on either Various methods of expressing respect and side ; but arose from the filial respect, reverence have been practised, and, as may which, in every stage and condition of life, reasonably be supposed, some apparently the Persians are thus taught to express: opposite to each other have prevailed This respect is not the right of parental among different nations.
In many in- authority alone; it is generally extended to stances to turn the back upon an equal or seniority among brothers."-Sir William superior, has been intended to indicate Ouseley's Travels in the East, vol. i. the utmost contempt and indignation. So p. 52. it is frequently mentioned in the Scriptures. 7. Condescension, John xiii. 5.
« After 1 Sam. X. 9. Neh. ix. 26. Psalm xxi. 12. that, he poureth water into a bason, and Jer, ii. 27. xxxii. 33. xlviii. 39. Ezekiel began to wash the disciples' feet.”—This xxiii. 35. But we find a remarkable case, was an act of real humility in Jesus Christ. in which it is actually reversed, and the A great affectation of this virtue prevails in back is turned towards the king, from the the Eastern countries. The following is a profound veneration which the people wish remarkable instance of it. “ Notwithstandio manifest. “ The passage of the viceroying the evident ill-humour of our receiver, took place the next morning, with great he yet condescended, though one of the pomp: he crossed the river upon four boats wealthiest merchants in the place, to fill lashed together, and rowed by two war- and light our pipes himself, in conformity boats. The troops lined the road where with the affected humility of Asiatic manhe landed, sitting with their backs towards ners; and when coffee was prepared, to him, , as a mark of very great respect. present it to us with his own hands.”
Presents of rice, fish, and betel-nut were Buckingham's Travels among the Arab made to him.”- Asiatic Journal, vol. Tribes, p. 343. xx. p. 267.
S. B. “Soon after day-light we were summoned to attend the Sultan of Bornou. He received us in an open space in front of the royal residence : we were kept at a considerable distance, while his people ap- Seven years had gone by since his capture, proached to within about one hundred and he had given up all hopes of being yards, passing first on horseback; and restored to his country and friends, when, after dismounting and prostrating them- in 1519, there arrived one day at the village selves before him, they took their places three Indians, natives of the small island of on the ground in front, but with their backs Cozumel, which lies a few leagues in the to the royal person, which is the custom sea, opposite the eastern coast of Yucatan. of the country. He was seated in a sort of They brought tidings of another visit of white cage of cane or wood, near the door of his and bearded men to their shores, and one gardeu, on a seat, which, at the distance, of them delivered a letter to Aguilar, which, appeared to be covered with silk or satin, being entirely naked, he had concealed in and through the railing looked upon the the long tresses of his hair, which were assembly before hii who formed a sort of bound round his head. Aguilar received semicircle extending from his seat the letter with wonder and delight, and nearly where we were waiting.”— Denham read it in the presence of the cacique and and Clapperton's recent Discoveries in his warriors. It proved to be from Pers Africa, vol. i. p. 106.
nando Cortès, who was at that time on his 6. Filial Reverence, Gen.xxxi. 35. "And great expedition, which ended in the con she said to her father, Let it not displease quest of Mexico. He had been obliged my Lord, that I cannot rise up before ihee.” by stress of weather to anchor at the island - Children in the Eastern countries culti- of Cozumel, where he learned from the vate and express for their parents the most natives that several white men were detained profound respect. “During this feast I in captivity among the Indians on the remarked that the Amin-ad-douleh's son, neighbouring coast of Yucatan. Abdallah Khan, a man seemingly about Finding it impossible to approach the thirty years old, the possessor of consider- main land with his ships, he prevailed upon able wealth, and governor of Ispahan, but three of the islanders, by means of gifts and seldom appeared among the guests; and promises, to venture upon an embassy only. seated himself, as one of the humblest, among their cannibal neighbours, and to when invited by the words, or encouraged convey a letter to the captive white men. by the looks, of his father. This reserve, Two of the smallest caravels of the squadron
ESCAPE OF JERONIMO DE AGUILAR FROM
ESCAPE OF JERONIMO DE AGUILAR.
were sent under the command of Diego de in his province, and his Indian bride had Ordas, who was ordered to land the three borne him a numerous progeny. His heart, messengers at the point of Cotoche, and to however, yearned after his native country, wait there eight days for their return. The and he might have been tempted to leave letter brought by these envoys informed his honours and dignities, his infidel' wife, the Christian captives of the force and des and half-savage offspring, behind him, but tination of the squadron of Cortes, and of an insuperable, though somewhat ludicrous, his having sent the caravels to wait for them obstacle presented itself to his wishes. at the point of Cotoche, with a ransom for Having long since given over all expectheir deliverance, inviting them to hasten tation of a return to civilized life, he had and join him at Cozumel.
conformed to the customs of the country, and The transport of Aguilar, on first reading had adopted the external signs and decorathe letter, was moderated when he reflected tions that marked him as a warrior and a man on the obstacles that might prevent him of rank. His face and hands were indelibly from profiting by this chance of deliverance. painted or tattooed ; his ears and lips were He had made himself too useful to the slit to admit huge Indian ornaments, and cacique to hope that he would readily give his nose was drawn down almost to his him his liberty, and he knew the jealousy mouth by a massy ring of gold and a danand irritable nature of the savages too well gling jewel. Thus curiously garbled and not to fear that even an application for disfigured, the honest seaman felt that, leave to depart might draw upon him the however he might be admired in Yucatan, severest treatment. He endeavoured, there he should be apt to have a hooting rabble fore, to operate upon the cacique through at his heels in Spain. He made up his his apprehensions. To this end he informed mind, therefore, to remain a great man him, that the piece of paper which he held among the savages, rather than run the in his hand brought him a full account of risk of being shown as a man-monster at the mighty armament that had arrived on home. the coast. He described the number of the Finding that he declined accompanying ships, and various particulars concerning him, Jeronimo de Aguilar set off for the the squadron, all which were amply cor- point of Cotoche, escorted by three Indians. roborated by the testimony of the messen- The time he had lost in waiting for Guergers. The cacique and his warriors were rero had nearly proved fatal to his hopes, astonished at this strange mode of con- for when he arrived at the point, the veying intelligence from a distance, and caravels sent by Cortes had departed, though regarded the letter as something mysterious several crosses of reeds set up in different and supernatural. Aguilar went on to places gave tokens of the recent presence relate the tremendous and superhuman of Christians. The only hope which repowers of the people in these ships, who, mained was, that the squadron of Cortes armed with thunder and lightening, wreaked might yet linger at the opposite island of destruction on all who displeased them, Cozumel. How was he to get there? while they dispensed inestimable gifts and While wandering disconsolately along the benefits on such as proved themselves their shore, he found a canoe, half buried in sand friends. He, at the same time, spread and water, and with one side in a state of before the cacique various presents brought decay; with the assistance of the Indians by the messengers, as specimens of the he cleaned it, and set it afloat; and on look blessings to be expected from the friendship ing further, he found the stave of a hogshead of the strangers.
which might serve for a paddle. It was The intimation was effectual. The cacique a frail embarkation, in which to cross an was filled with awe at the recital of the arm of the sea several leagues wide; but terrific powers of the white men, and his there was no alternative. Prevailing on eyes were dazzled by the glittering trinkets the Indians to accompany him, he launched displayed before him. He entreated Aguilar, forth in the canoe, and coasted the main therefore, to act as his ambassador and land until he came to the narrowest part mediator, and to secure him the amity of of the strait, where it was but four leagues the strangers. Aguilar saw with transport across ; here he stood directly for Cozumel, the prospect of a speedy deliverance. In contending as well as he was able with a this moment of exultation, he bethought strong current, and at length succeeded in himself of the only surviving comrade of reaching the island. his past fortunes, Gonsalo Guerrero, and, He had scarcely landed, when a party sending the letter of Cortes to him, invited of Spaniards, who had been lying in wait, him to accompany him in his escape. The rushed forth from their concealment, sword sturdy seaman was at this time a great chief in hand. The three Indians would have fled, but Aguilar pacified them, and, call- Peter Martyr records a touching anecdote ing out to the Spaniards in their own lan- of the effect that had been produced apon guage, assured them that he was a Christian, his mother by the tidings of his misfortune. Then, throwing himself upon his knees, A vague report had reached her in Spain, and raising his eyes streaming with tears that her son had fallen into the hands of to heaven, he gave thanks to God for having cannibals. All the borrible tales that citrestored him to his countrymen.
culated in Spain concerning the treatment The Spaniards gazed at him with asto- of these savages to their prisoners rushed to nishment: from his language he was evi- her imagination, and she went distracted. dently a Castilian, but to all appearance Whenever she beheld roasted meat, or he was an Indian. He was perfectly naked, filesh upon the spit, she would fill the house wore his hair braided round his head in with her outcries. “Oh, wretched mother! the manner of the country, and his com- oh, most miserable of women !" would she plexion was burnt by the sun to a tawny exclaim; “behold the limbs of thy murcolour. He had a bow in his hand, a quiver dered son!" It is to be hoped that the at his shoulder, and a net-work pouch at tidings of his deliverance had a favourable his side, in which he carried his provisions. effect upon her intellects, and that she lived The Spaniards proved to be a reconnoi- to rejoice at his after-fortunes. He served tering party, sent out by Cortes to watch Fernando Cortes with great courage and the approach of the canoe, which had been ability throughout his Mexican conquests, descried coming from Yucatan. Cortes acting sometimes as a soldier, some had given up all hopes of being joined by times as interpreter and ambassador to the the captives, the caravel having awaited the Indians, and, in reward for his fidelity and allotted time, and returned without news of services, was appointed regidor, or civil them. He had in fact made sail to prose- governor, of the city of Mexico.- Washcute his voyage, but fortunately one of his ington Irving: Family Library. ships had sprung a leak, which obliged him to return to the island.
When Jeronimo de Aguilar and his companions arrived in the presence of
POETKY. Cortes, who was surrounded by his officers, they made a profound reverence, squatted
THE WRECK OF THE ROTHSAY CASTLE on the ground, laid their bows and arrows
STEAM PACKET, beside them, and, touching their right hands,
Which was cast away, on the night of Wednesday, wet with spittle, on the ground, rubbed
the 7th of August, 1831. * them about the region of the heart, such being their sign of the most devoted sub.
“The brightest things below the sky, mission, Cortes greeted Aguilar with a Give but a flattering light;
We should suspect some danger nigh, hearty welcome, and, raising him from the
When we possess delight." earth, took from his person a large yellow mantle lined with crimson, and threw it
'The morning was auspicious, and the joy! over his shoulders. The latter, however,
Of change and novelty inspir'd the breast; had for so long a time gone entirely naked, Each Cambrian landscape seem'd in vista nigh,
Menai's bridge and Snowden's towering erest: that even this scanty covering was at first
Hence eager numbers crowded to the pier, almost insupportable, and he had become In social converse affable and gay; so accustomed to the diet of the natives,
None weeting that the fatal hour was near,
Or that the present was his final day, that he found it difficult to reconcile his
Ere to its audit-bar the soul must baste away. stomach to the meat and drink set before him.
The vessel gaily bounded o'er the tide,
Till adverse winds and bullying waves prevail; •When he had sufficiently recovered from She like a drunkard reel'd from side to side, the agitation of his arrival among Christians, there was a gloomy sadness in each mind; Cortes drew from him the particulars of A dark presentiment of ills that loom his story, and found that he was related to Larger and nearer, as the gust of wind one of his own friends, the licentiate, Marcos
And angry surge upon the vessel boom,
And night's approach deepend the gen'ralgloom.“ de Aguilar. He treated him, therefore, with additional kindness and respect, and Day clos?d upon them, and the night-wind howk'd
Along the rigging with a piteous moan, retained him about his person, to aid him as While heavily the leaky vessel rollid, an interpreter in his great Mexican expe- And some but half suppress'd the stifled groan;
For many bearts with anxious fears were riven," dition. The happiness of Jeronimo at As o'er the troubled sea their eyes were cast, once more being restored to his countrymen, And flying scud across the moon's disk driven, was doomed to suffer some alloy from the Pumps chok'd, and
leak, bespoke the draina clos
While ever and anon the ereaking mast, disasters that had happened in his family, ing fast.
Rather than yield her just and holy cause
M. F, G.
“ EVERY THING IS BEAUTIFUL IN ITS
SEASON."-Eccles. iii. Ou! there is beauty in the morn's first ray, When the sun rises from his eastern bed, And in the farewell gleam of closing day, When in the west he drops his wearied head. And there is beauty, wben the silent night, Wearing her starry coronet, comes forth, Upon her polish'd car of silver light, Aud sways her sceptre o'er the sleeping earth. And there is beauty, when chill winter's hand Throws o'er the world a robe of virgin snow, And, waving wide her frost-encircled wand, With icy diamonds gems each forest bough. . And there is beauty, when the timid spring Flings her green mantle o'er the frozen earth, When in the verdant woods the wild birds siug, And the vales echo with their youthful mirth. But there shall be most beauty, when the Sun Of Immortality itself shall rise, When the last sand of fleeting time shall run, And bright Eternity dawn on our eyes. Bristol, 1830.
J. H, CUZNER.
The vessel drifted on the dismal bank,
breakers rave !
There is a power,
dower." Byron's Childe Harolde.
HAIL, venerable pile ! thy fabric stands
20 Series, No. 10.-VOL. I.
CHRIST ALL-SUFFICIENT. What though the storms of affliction may low'r, . Dangers without and temptations within, Yet hope may spring forth from the bitterest hour, And gild with its rainbow the region of sin. Oh strong is the sword, and mighty the wielder, Faithful his love through elernity's space, Though opprest be the soul,his mercy can shield her, And dispel all her clouds with the light of his face.. Satan is busy, and struggles to serer The wavering soul from her Saviour-her hold, That crafty beguiler, the world, will endeavour To pass off its poison in vessels of gold. Still there is One, who will ever protect us ; Still there is One, who is mighty to save : Still He is nigh, to guide and direct us ; He will lead us in comfort through death and the grave.
Go on, then, my soul ; let hope never fail thee ; of actions?" and, as a specimen of his argu-
" To deserve blame or commendation, several Thy Jesus is by thee-then banish thy fear;
conditions are required; but the only one neces. Poison and dross are its glittering prizes,
sary to be now noticed is, the possession of power And Satan's a coward when Jesus is near.
to have acted otherwise. This is uniformly and
absolutely essential. If, for example, a man is Mountains shall melt, and rocks fall to powder,
praised that he did not go to a gaming.house, and Earth shall dissolve, and the heavens shall fall;
it is found that the reason of his not going was But thy word of defence waxes louder and louder,
bis confinement in a prison, the only ground of «Thy God is thy Saviour, and reigns over all !" the praise awarded him is taken away. That
W. P. SPARKS.
which renders a person praiseworthy in the doing of good actions is, his doing them voluntarily, that is, under the impulse of his own feelings,
and no other; and wben, therefore, he might have Review.- The Work of the Holy Spirit blameworthiness, that a man should have power
done otherwise. In like manner, it is essential to in Conversion, considered in its relation to avoid the action, as well as to perform it. If to the Condition of Man, and ihe Ways of your servant, for instance, bas injured your pro
perty, you bold bim criminal because of the apGod, &c. By John Howard Hinton,
parent voluntary nature of the act; but if it could A. M. 12mo. pp. 414. Holdsworth and be satisfactorily proved to you that it was incoBall, London. 1830.
luntarily, and not through carelessness merely, but by some external force which he bad not power to
résist, you would immediately alter your opinion, Turs work displays a considerable share of
an lear him from censpre. Every man feels acuteness, and of theological talent. The that when a fault is charged upon him, be makes a author, however, is not a disciple of the
good and irrefragable defence, if be can truly
say, “I could not belp it-I did all I had power necessitarian school, and will no doubt be
to do.” A person who should persist in attaching branded as heretical, for refusing to admit blame when this was clearly proved, would infal“the good old doctrine of election and
libly be considered as blinded by passion; and
such a censure would soon becoine light to those reprobation," or the more modern refine- who might have to bear it, in as much as it would ments of sovereignty and preterition. For
be consciously and manifestly undeserved."-p. 90. his dissent from these dogmas, he will cer- In the next paragraph, the author follows tainly be placed on the black book, if his out his argument, in the syllogistic form, to name is not already inscribed on its awful this conclusion,-that the possession of pages.
power to do right, is essential to the very His former heresies, it would appear, had possibility of doing wrong; and that if exposed him to the charge of having ad- man does not possess it, he can be guilty vanced sentiments “derogatory to the cha- of no sin. This leading idea indeed runs racter and office of the Holy Spirit, if not through the whole chapter, and the coninconsistent with any belief of his influ- clusion is established on a foundation that ence.” This volume is, therefore, sent into cannot be easily shaken. the world to repelthe above charge, to The sixth chapter pursues the inquiryavow his convictions respecting this mo- “Whether the possession of power is not mentous doctrine, and to prove that its implied in the divine command ?” The admission is indispensably necessary to
seventh contends that “the possession of conversion, and is perfectly consistent with power is included in the distribution of what he had previously asserted. In rewards and punishments,” and also “in favour of each of these topics, Mr. Hinton human responsibility.” From these, and has adduced many very powerful argu- other sources of argument, the author has ments, which his opponents will find more raised round his theory strong fortifications, easy to ridicule than to refute.
which none but a formidable assailant will The volume consists of three parts. be able to storm. First, “Of the work of the Holy Spirit in In his preface, Mr. Hinton quotes many conversion :” secondly, “The work of the passages from various catechisms, respectHoly Spirit in conversion, considered in ing the inability of man to repent, without relation to the condition of man :" thirdly, the divine aid. These expressions he “ The aspect of the Spirit's work in rela- pointedly condemns, and rather wonders tion to the ways of God." These parts that no catechism-maker has happened to comprise twenty-two chapters, in which insert this question, “Why does God hold we find much judicious reasoning, perspi- you accountable?" and expresses himself cuous in itself, and leading to conclusions at a loss to know what answer they would which will require no small portion of in- provide for it. The only one he can degenious sophistry to pervert or conceal. vise is this, “Because I am not able to
In his fifth chapter, Mr. Hinton inquires regulate my own conduct !” the import “Whether the possession of power is not and application of which, every one must involved in the praise and blame-worthiness perceive to be ridiculous.