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CHOLERA MORBUS, IN HAMBURGH.

533 their respective population, distance from CHOLERA MORBUS, IN HAMBURGH. London, markets, fairs, &c. &c. together

Home with many other branches of useful informa- The public have long heard of the dreadtion. We regret that the new census is not ful ravages made by this fatal disease, both embraced in the statement of population.

in India, and on the continent of Europe. 20. Hints on the Cholera Morbus, by The danger of its visiting this country has Esther Copley, (Darton, London,) strongly now assumed such an alarming attitude, recommends cleanliness, temperance, and that, cautions and observations, respecting moderation in every enjoyment. Excess, its prevention, symptoms, and cure, form wet feet, lying on damp ground, sleeping a long and distinguished article in the Lonin low ill-ventilated rooms, generate and don Gazette, of Friday, October 21. Of strengthen disease. This is a little tract this very serious and interesting article, the replete with good advice, founded on com. following is an abridged account.

The disease prevails at Hamburgh in a 21. A Familiar Treatise on the Human most alarming degree, and the intercourse Eye, containing Rules to be observed in between that city and this country, every the Choice of Spectacles, &c. by Francis one knows to be exceedingly great. The West, Optician, Fleet-street, London, is quarantine laws will, it is hoped, be a deserving the serious attention of every

sufficient guard in all regular communicaperson who

possesses

the
organs of vision,

tions. The greatest danger is from smug-
and wishes to preserve them. It is a small gling. This is an inlet which nothing but
tract, containing no more than forty-seven the good sense, humanity, and self-interest
pages ; but its diminutive magniiude is of the community can protect. To avoid
more than compensated by its intrinsic all clandestine communication with sus-
excellence. On the construction of the eye, picious places, is therefore most solemnly
the nature of vision, the advantage of glasses, and earnestly recommended, as an indis:
and the judgment that should be exercised pensable duiy to every inhabitant of the
in the selection of these valuable auxiliaries, British empire.
the author makes some very sensible ob-

Cleanliness is particularly recommended, servations. We have rarely perused a little especially in narrow and crowded streets. pamphlet with more unmingled satisfaction. Decayed vegetables, rags, cordage, waste

22. Millman's Tales, adupted for the papers, old clothes, and dirty walls and Higher Classes of Youth, (Souter, London,) furniture, are instruments to receive, retain, scarcely aspire to the character of facts. and communicate infection. The removal They are said to be Tales of the Stanley of these, constant washing, and ventilation, Family; but they would have flourished are among the best securities against this with equal luxuriance, if they had been mortal disease. Dissipation, irregular engrafted on any other name. True to habits, and the indulgence in ardent spirits, character, in many respects, they undoubt- have also been found to furnish the greater edly are, but it is character that is only of number of victims. occurrence ; and, perhaps, on this

It is also recommended, that, in every account, they are better calculated to large town, persons be appointed to watch delight the imagination than to improve the first appearance of the malady. These the understanding. The design of the

are immediately to give notice to medical writer we most readily admit to be truly men, who will communicate with the laudable, as they invariably lead to some

Board of Health in London. Houses also useful conclusion, which the reader cannot

should be provided in the vicinity of each fail to appreciate.

place, to which the afflicted may be in23. A Selection of Erercises on the stantly removed, to prevent the spread of Pronunciation of the French Language, contagion. &c. &c. by W. H. Spiller, Highgate Hill

, To these general admonitions we beg to (Simpkin, London,) is a respectable volume, add the following document, which canthat promises to be extensively useful. It not fail to command attention, from the will be no small advantage to the youthful high medical authority with which it is reader to find, in 350 exercises, all letters,

sanctioned. not sounded, printed in italics. The

Board of Health, College of Physicians, example thus given will furnish a ground

October 20. of analogy on which he may proceed with safety, when subjects occur that appear in “ The following are the early symptoms similar constructions. The vocabulary of of the disease in it most marked form, as it

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borated by the accounts from other places linseed (equal parts) to the stomach, partiwhere the disease has prevailed :

cularly where pain and vomiting exist; “Giddiness, sick stomach, nervous agita- similar poultices to the feet and legs, tó tion, intermittent, slow, or small pulse, restore their warmth. The returning heat cramps beginning at the tops of the fingers of the body may be promoted by bags and ives, and rapidly approaching the containing hot salt or bran applied to diftrunk, give the first warning.

ferent parts of it. For the same purpose of “ Vomiting or purging, or both these eva- restoring and sustaining the circulation, cuations, of a liquid like rice-water or white wine whey, with spice, hot brandy whey, or barley-water, come on; the fea- and water, or sal volatile, in the dose of a tures become sharp and contracted; the tea-spoonful in hot water, frequently re. eye sinks, the look is expressive of terror peated, or from five to twenty drops of and wildness ; the lips, face, neck, hands, some of the essential oils, as pepperment, and feet, and, soon after, the thighs, arms, cloves, or cajeput, in a wine-glass of water, and whole surface, assume a leaden, blue, may be administered ; with the same view, purple, black, or deep brown tint, accord- where the stomach will bear it, warm broth ing to the complexion of the individual, with spice may be employed. In very varying in shade with the intensity of the severe cases, or where medical aid is diffiattack. The fingers and toes are reduced cult to be obtained, from twenty to forty in size, the skin and soft parts covering drops of laudanum may be given, in any them are wrinkled, shrivelled, and folded; of the warm drinks previously recomthe nails put on a bluish pearly white; the mended. larger superficial veins are marked by flat “ These simple means are proposed as lines of a deeper black; the pulse becomes resources in the incipient stage of the diseither small as a thread, and scarcely ease, where medical aid has not yet been vibrating, or else totally extinct.

obtained. “ The skin is deadly cold, and often damp, “ In reference to the further means to be the tongue always moist, often white and adopted in the treatment of this disease, it loaded, but fabby and chilled, like a piece is necessary to state, that no specific remedy of dead flesh. The voice is nearly gone ; has yet been ascertained ; nor has any płan the respiration quick, irregular, and imper- of cure been sufficiently commended by fectly erformed. The patient speaks in a success, to warrant its express recommenwhisper. He struggles for breath, and dation from authority. The Board have often lays his hand on his heart, to point already published a detailed statement of out the seat of his distress. Sometimes the methods of treatment adopted in India, there are rigid spasms of the legs, thighs, and of the different opinions entertained as and loins. The secretion of urine is totally to the use of bleeding, emetics, calomel, suspended ; vomiting and purging, which opium, &c. There is reason to believe are far from being the most important or

that more information on this subject may dangerous symptoms, and which, in a very be obtained from those parts of the contigreat number of cases of the disease have nent where the disease is now prevailing i not been profuse, or have been arrested by but even should it be otherwise, ihe greatest medicine early in the attack, succeed. confidence may be reposed in the intelli

“ It is evident that the most urgent and gence and zeal which the medical practi. peculiar symptom of this disease is the tioners of this country will employ in estabsudden depression of the vital powers; lishing an appropriate method of cure. proved by the diminished action of the heart,

“ HENRY HALFORD, the coldness of the surface and extremities,

“ President of the Board." and the stagnant state of the whole circulation. It is important to advert to this fact,

GLEANINGS. as pointing out the instant measures which

Important to Friendly Societies. We learn, that on may safely and beneficially be employed the loth ult, the presidents, and other official mem

bers of eight respectable societies in London, in con where medical aid cannot immediately be junction with Mr. Wright, presented, by the hands of

Mr. Wilks, a perition to the House of Commons, procured. All means tending to restore

praying for a revision of the laws respecting these the circulation and maintain the warmth of valuable institutions. Upon the motion of Mr. Wilks,

it was ordered, that returns should be made to parlia. the body should be had recourse to without ment of all roles which were enrolled between the

years 1793 and 1829; and, at the same time, Mr. Wilks delay. The patients should always imme

also gave notice that he should shortly move to have diately be put to bed, wrapped up in hot the time extended for enrolling the rules. under the

act 10 Geo. IV. c. 56, until the sense of the socielies blankets, and warmth should be sustained

throughout the kingdom can be collected, as to the by other external applications, such as

improvements suggested in the said petition. The

petition states, that the expeuse of enrolling the rules repeated, frictions with fannels and cam- of the 12,000 societies, under the said act, will, in the

aggregate, be about 360,0002. The uovecessary ex, phorated spirits ; poultices of mustard and

penditure of this sum, together with many other

535

GLEANINGS.'

serious expenses, tending to impoverish the societies, Mr. Wright undertakes to demonstrate, at any public meeting which the friends of these benevolent institutions may con vene in London. Further information may be obtained, on application to Mr. Wilkins, No. 60. Holborn Hill, London,

Modern Fashionable Life.-The nobility and higher orders of this country seldom rise from their beds mnch before mid-day ; they then breakfast upon dainties provided to excite their languid appetites; they afterwards prepare for what they call exercise, which, after pariaking of anoiber meal. consists in þeing dragged in a carriage, or sauntering on horseback, in the park, or principal streets in the metropolis, where they leisurely pass an hour or two. Their time of dinner is generally about seven or eight o'clock in the evening, when they sit down to a table loaded with every luxury that can be procured, whether in or out of season, and consisting of several courses of rich soups, various sauces, and variously compounded dishes, wherein the principal ingredients are lost in uppatural cookery, all of which, however innocent in themselves, are, from their combinations, rendered most pernicions; these are accompaniet with liquors of the most in viring flavours, and most intoxicating qualities. Whatever may be the moderation of a man, or however guarded may be his intentions, when exposed to such accumulated temptations as are here presented to him, it is difficult to believe he will not exceed the bounds of the just moderation essential to the preservation of health. What then must be the excesses of those who, not content with the ordinary powers of the stomach to minister to the indulgence of the palate, have recourse to drugs, tonics, and artificial provocatives, to excite and stimulate it to efforis beyond its strength, in the reception of the pernicious trash which is only hastening it to its destruction. But the excesses of the table do not terminate the follies of our votaries of fashion ; after indulging to satiety, they hasten to the crowded circles of gaiety and dissipation, there to pass the night in an atmosphere composed wholly of their own respirations, till, exhausted by fatigue, and oppressed by repletion, they throw themselves upon their beds about sunrise, and sleep a few hours in a room from which every breath of pure air is most cantiously excluded.-Pinney's Code of Health. 6 Suspended Animation.-It having appeared, in the course of the examination into the circumstances attending the late melancholy accident, by which Sir Joseph Yorke and three other individuals lost their lires, that a grievous want of knowledge of the means by which suspended animation may be re. stored, in cases of this sort, prevailed among those who took an active part in picking up the bodies of the unfortunato men, by which at least one life was lost, the following observations, extracted from a recent lecture by Sir Astley Cooper, will, it is to be hoped, be deemed not altogether unworthy of atten. tion "When a person is taken out of the water." says Sir Astley, "nothing is so absurd, or so likely to cause death, as to hang the patient up by the heels, under a notion that the water will run out of his lungs. This has been practised, but it is most fatal. What I would recommend as the first thing to be done, even at the water's edge, is to lay the patient on his back, his head being a little elevated ; and then let some one press strongly on the breast hone, with both hands, so as to depress the ribs; and then let him spring up again, so as to induce respiration. After this, the patient should be taken to a moderately warm room, his clothes taken off, and his person wrapped in a blanket. If this cannot be done, let him be laid on a dung heap. It often happens that bleed. ing is necessary, to relieve the heart from an overload of blood. This shonld be done by making a small puncture in the jugular vein ; this must, of course, be done by a surgeon; but what I have before recommended may be done by any person, and it requires no apparatus. After the respiration and the circulation of the blood are restored, commence friction, and give brandy. If you cannot succeed in restoring respiration by the mode I have mentioned, tie a handkerchief round the nozzle of a pair of bellows, press the pose of the patient, and put the end of the pozzle of the bellows into his mouth, and thus try to inflate the lungs."

England's King William.--Three out of the four kings of this conntry who have borne the name of William, have been remarkably identified with the introduction of a new order of things. William of Normandy, by right of conquest, took possession of the land, and his followers left' those castles, and many of those surnames, traces of which remain at this day. William of Nassan was the adopted mo. narch of the Rerolution of 1688; to him we are indebted for the maintenance of our civil and religious liberties against popish nsurpation. Lastly, King William the Fourth is likely to effect a change as memorable as those bronght about by the instrumentality of his predecessors.

Coal.-The bed of coal, which, we believe, extends under the whole town of Sheffield, lies so near the surface, on the west side, that scores of loads, and some large, have been carted away during the formation of Fitzwilliam street, it lies immediately beneath a bed of strong clay.--Sheffield Iris.

Ereter Hall.-Sir Christopher Wren says, that churches shonld not exceed 90 feet long by 60 broad, which makes 5,400 square feet. Exeter Hall, the new building for holding the public meetings, is 130 feet long by 76 wide, which makes 9,880 square feet; being an excess of 4,480 square feet,-so that it is, if measured by Sir Christopher Wren's standard, nearly one half too large. This probably accounts for the difficulty experienced in the large room in hearing the speakers from the platform to advantage. 'l he expense of erecting this building was 28,0001.

Longevity.- Lately died at Jamaica, Joseph Ram, a black, helonging to Morice Hall's estate, at the extraordinary age of 146.

The City of the Dead. - The neighbourhood of Thebes presents a subject worthy of attention, and quite characteristic of an Egyptian capital,--the Necropolis, or City of the Dead. Proceeding on the idea that the human being only sojourns for a time iu the land of he living, but that the tomb is his permanent dwelling place, the inhabitants of this magnificent metropolis lavished much of their wealth and taste on the decorations of their sepulchres, The mountains on the western side of Thebes hare heen nearly hollowed out in order to supply tombs for the inhabitants; while an adjoining valley, remarkable for its solitary and gloomy aspect, appears to have been selected by persons of rank as the receptacle of their mortal remains. The darkest recesses of these pits and chainbers have been explored by travellers in search of such antiquities as might illustrate the ancient manners of the people, as well as by those mercenary dealers in mummies, who make a trade of human hones, coffins, and funeral lining.- Edinburgh Cabinet Library, No. 3, View of Ancient and Modern Egypt.

Sagacity of Dogs in Madagascar.-The dogs are said to be so sagacions, that, when one has occasion to cross a river, he will stand barking on the bank considerably lower than the point where he means to attempt his passage. When all alligators have been attracted to the former spot, away he runs full speed, plunges into the stream at a safe distance, and swims over, before the enemy can sail back against the current to interrupt him.- Bennett and Tyerman's Voyages and Travels

Curious Anecdote.-The following story, connected with the history of a spaniel, whose portrait may be seen at Messrs. Stroud and Co's., printsellers, Strand, is well authenticated. The animal was in the possession of a very poor man,living in Brook-street, Holborn, and was the admiration of the neighbourhood: the proprietor was frequently offered money for her, but invariably refused it; at length, a lady was so struck with the beauty of the little creature, that she offered 151. for her : this sum was, however, refused; but, at the lady's request, the owner of the dog gave his address. The lady called next day, and offered a lottery ticket and 51. The offer was accepted, and in four days the dog seller was in possession of 20,0001, ! the ticket having been drawn a capital prize.

Anecdote of Paganini.-We have heard an anecdote of this extraordinary man, which speaks volumes for the goodness of his heart. One day, while walking in the streets of Vienna, he saw a poor boy playing upon his violin ; and, on entering into conversation with him, he found that he maintained his mother and several little brothers and sisters by what he picked up as an itinerant musician. Paganini imme> diately gave him all the money he had about him; then, taking the boy's violin, commenced playing, and, when he had collected a vast crowd, pulled off his hat, made a collection, and gave it to the poor boy, amid the acclamations of the multitude.- Hihenaum.

The Burning Cliff at Holworth-near Weymouth, is now becoming an object of particular attention. Fissures have, within the last fortnight, opened, discharging vapour at another part, about fire hundred feet to the westward of the long line of apertures, which have for some time past been active in operation.-Hampshire Advertiser, June 4, 1831.

Remarkable Fatality of the late Mr. Huskisson.There are some persons who are reported never to have gone into action without being wounded. Mr. Huskisson seems to have laboured under a similar fatality, in regard to accidents, from his earliest infancy to that fatal one which closed his career. Whep a child, he fractured his arm ; a few days before his marriage, his horse fell with him, and he was severely hurt; soon after, he was knocked down by the pole of a carriage, just at the entrance to the Horse Guards; in the autumn of 1801, being then in Scotland, at the Duke of Athol's, he missed his distance in attempting

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