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any person having an interest therein, or, where the original is lost, a copy thereof, at any time prior to the first of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-six.

And said instruments, documents, and papers and any record thereof, shall be as valid, to all intents and purposes as if stamped when made, signed or issued, but no right acquired in good faith shall in any manner be affected by such stamping as aforesaid.

13.

R. S., § 3422. 1876, Feb. 25, ch.

105 Mass., 49.

proceedings in

Provided, That to render such stamping valid, the person desiring to stamp the same shall appear with the instrument, document, or paper, such case. or copy thereof, before some judge or clerk of a court of record, and before him affix the proper stamp; and the said judge or clerk shall indorse on such writing or copy a certificate, under his hand, when made by said judge, and under his hand and seal, when made by said clerk, setting forth the date at which, and the place where, the stamp was so affixed, the name of the person presenting said writing or copy, the fact that it was thus affixed, and that the stamp was duly cancelled in his presence. SEC. 2. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict with the above, are hereby repealed. [June 23, 1874.]

Repeal.

1862, ch. 119, §§ 94-110, ch. 163, § 24. 1862 (3d sess.), ch. 4, § 5. 12 Stat. L., 475, 560, 632.

CHAPTER 463.

AN ACT TO CHANGE THE TIMES OF HOLDING THE CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT COURTS AT
THE CITY OF EVANSVILLE.

June 23, 1874.

18 Stat. L., 251.

SECTION

1. Circuit and district courts in Indiana to be held at Evansville on first Mondays of April and October.

Be it enacted, &c.

SECTION

2. Processes for August term continued.

[SECTION 1], That the terms of the circuit and district courts of the United States for the district of Indiana, which are provided by law to be holden at the city of Evausville, shall hereafter be held at that city on the first Mondays of April and October in each year.

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1878, June 18,

ch. 269.

Processes for Au

SEC. 2. That all suits which stand for trial at, and all writs, processes, and recognizances which are, or may be made, returnable to, the next August term of said courts, shall stand continued and be returnable to gust term continthe next term thereof provided for in this act. [June 23, 1874.]

ued.

CHAPTER 464.

AN ACT TO PROTECT PERSONS OF FOREIGN BIRTH AGAINST FORCIBLE CONSTRAINT OR
INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE.

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[SECTION 1], That whoever shall knowingly and wilfully bring into Bringing into the United States, or the Territories thereof, any person inveigled or United States, &c., forcibly kidnapped in any other country, with intent to hold such person to hold to involunkidnapped persons so inveigled or kidnapped in confinement or to any involuntary service, tary servitude, and whoever shall knowingly and wilfully sell, or cause to be sold, into how punished. any condition of involuntarily servitude, any other person for any term R. S., §§ 2161, whatever, and every person who shall knowingly and wilfully hold to 5375, 5525. involuntary service any person so sold and bought, shall be deemed

17 Blatch., 423.

guilty of a felony, and, on conviction thereof be imprisoned for a term not exceeding five years and pay a fine not exceeding five thousand

dollars. - accessories, how SEC. 2. That every person who shall be accessory to any of the felpunished. onies herein declared, either before or after the fact, shall be deemed

guilty of a felony, and on conviction thereof be imprisoned for a term not exceeding five years and pay a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars. (June 23, 1874.)

CHAPTER 465.

June 23, 1874. 18 Stat. L., 251.

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE CARE AND CUSTODY OF PERSONS CONVICTED IN THE

COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES WHO HAVE OR MAY BECOME INSANE WHILE
IMPRISONED.

SECTION
1. Insane convicts may be transferred to Hos.

pital for Insano in District of Columbia.
2. Attorney-General may contract with Stato

asylums for care of.
- to compensate asylums therefor.

SECTION
3. Convicts restored to sanity to be returned to

prison.
Sanity, how determined.

Be it enacted, &c. Insane convicts [SECTION 1], That upon the application of the Attorney-General, the to Hospital for In- Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed sane in District to transfer to the Insane Asylum, in the District of Columbia, all persons Columbia. who have been or shall be convicted of any offense in any court of

R. S., 004851, the United States, and imprisoned in any State prison or penitentiary 4852.

of any State or Territory, and who, during the term of their imprison

ment, have or shall become and be insane. -- Attorney - Gen- SEC. 2. That in all cases where any person convicted in a court of the eral, may contract United States shall, while imprisoned under such conviction in any State with State asylume prison or penitentiary, become and be insane, and there shall not be ac.

commodation for such insane person at the Insane Asylum of the District of Columbia, or if for other reasons the Attorney-General is of opinion that such insane person should be placed at a State insane asy. lum rather than at said District Asylum, then the Attorney-General shall have power in his discretion to contract with any State insane or lunatic asylum, within the State in which such convict is imprisoned,

for his care and custody while remaining so insano; – to compensato And in all cases where such convicts shall have heretofore been, or asylums therefor. shall hereafter be, transferred to a State asylum for insane convicts, in

accordance with the laws of such State, the Attorney-General is hereby authorized and directed to compensate the said asylum, or the proper authorities controlling the same, for the care and custody of such insane convicts, until their removal or discharge, in such amounts as he shall deem just and reasonable; but no contract shall be made or compensation paid for the care of such insane person beyond their respective

terms of imprisonment. Convicts restored

SEC. 3. That whenever such insane convict shall be restored to sanity, to sanity to be re- after he or she shall have been transferred under the provisions of this turned to prison. act, he or she shall be returned to the prison or penitentiary from which

the transfer was made, provided the terin of imprisonment shall not

have expired. Sanity, how de- The questions of sanity in all cases arising under this act shall be de. termined.

termined in accordance with the rules and regulations of existing laws, State or national, on that subject, applicable to the prison, penitentiary, or asylum where such convict shall be confined. [June 23, 1874.

CHAPTER 466.

AN ACT TO EXTEND THE TIME ALLOWED FOR THE REDEMPTION OF CERTAIN LANDS
BY THE FIRST SECTION OF THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE
REDEMPTION AND SALE OF LANDS HELD BY THE UNITED STATES UNDER THE SEV-

ERAL ACTS LEVYING DIRECT TAXES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES" APPROVED
JUNE EIGHTH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED & SEVENTY-TWO, AND TO SUSPEND THE
OPERATION OF THE FOURTH SECTION OF SAID ACT.

SECTION

1. Time extended to June, 1876, for redemption of lands sold for direct taxes.

Be it enacted, &c.

SECTION

2. Time extended for sale of unredeemed lands.

June 23, 1874.

18 Stat. L., 252.

Time extended

direct taxes.

[SECTION 1], That the time allowed in and by the first section of the act of Congress approved June eighth, eighteen hundred and seventy- for redemption two, entitled "An act to provide for the redemption and sale of lands of lands sold for held by the United States under the several acts levying direct taxes, and for other purposes" be and the same is hereby extended for the term of two years from the first day of June, eighteen hundred and seventy-four.

SEC. 2. That the operation of the fourth section of said act be, and the same is hereby, suspended until the expiration of said term of two years from said first day of June. [June 23, 1874.]

1872, ch. 337, § 1 (17 Stat. L., 331). 1875, Feb. 8, ch. 36, § 26.

and of sale of unredeemed lands. 1872, ch. 337, § 4 (17 Stat. L., 331).

CHAPTER 467.

AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE USE OF GILT LETTERS FOR THE NAMES OF VESSELS.

Names of vessels on stern may be in yellow or gilt letters.

Be it enacted, &c., That (1) section three of the act entitled "An act concerning the registering and recording of ships and vessels," approved December thirty-first, seventeen hundred and ninety-two, is hereby so amended as to allow the name of any vessel to be painted upon her stern in yellow or gilt letters. [June 23, 1874.]

NOTE.-(1) The section here referred to, 1792, ch. 1, § 3 (1 Stat. L., 288), is incorporated into Revised
Statutes in § 4178 noted in the margin.

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CHAPTER 468.

AN ACT TO AMEND THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT TO AMEND AN ACT ENTITLED 'AN
ACT TO ESTABLISH A COURT FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF CLAIMS AGAINST THE

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UNITED STATES,' APPROVED AUGUST 6TH, 1856.

June 23, 1874.

18 Stat. L., 252.

Court of Claims; three judges required for a quorum or to render decision.

Be it enacted, &c., That any three judges of the Court of Claims shall constitute a quorum; Provided, That the concurrence of three judges shall be necessary to the decision of any case. [June 23, 1874.]

Court of Claims;

three judges required for quorum or to render decision.

R. S., § 1052.

CHAPTER 469.

AN ACT IN RELATION TO COURTS AND JUDICIAL OFFICERS IN THE TERRITORY OF UTAH.

SECTION

1. In Utah Territory, marshal to attend all sessions of supreme and district courts, &c. Service of process and mileage.

Deputy marshals; their appointment, bond, oath, &c.

-actions for misfeasance of, how brought. Sheriffs may serve process.

SECTION

2. Attorney of United States for Utah to attend
all courts, act as prosecuting officer, appoint
assistants, &c.

Fees for services of assistants.
Prosecuting attorney may be elected in any
county; his duties.

Cost of prosecution, how paid.

June 23, 1874.

18 Stat. L., 253.

SECTION
3. Terms of supremo and district courts.

District courts; jurisdiction.
Probate courts; jurisdiction.
Divorce cases may be removed to district

courts.
Probate courts may cnter lands in trust.
Certain judgments confirmed.
Justices of peace; jurisdiction extended.
Appeals from justices of peace and probate

courts.
Writs of error from Supreme Court of United

States in certain cases.
Judge of any district may have assistance of

other judges.
4. Jury list how prepared, &c.

SECTION
4. Drawing and sunmoning jury.

– names drawn not to be returned until, &c.
– additional jurors during term time.
Challenges.
Court and not jury to pronounce punishment.

Grand jury-duties and powers.
5. Notaries public to be appointed by governor,

&c.
Approval of territorial act in part.
6. Commissioners to be appointed by supreme

court of Territory.
7. Territorial act disapproved.

Fees of clerks, marshals, and attorneys.
District attorneys' salary limited.

Be it enacted, &c. In Utah Terri- [SECTION 1], That it shall be the duty of the United States marshal tory, marshal to of the Territory of Utah, in person or by deputy, to attend all sessions attend all sessions of the supreme and district courts in said Territory, and to serve and of supreme and dis- execute all proċess and writs issued out of, and all orders, judgments,

, &c. R.S., 58776-792, and decrees made by, said courts, or by any judge thereof, unless said 1876–1907. court or judge shall otherwise order in any particular case. Service of pro

All process, writs, or other papers left with said marshal, or either of cess and mileage. his deputies, shall be served without delay, and in the order in which R. S., Ø 1875.

they are received, upon payment or tender of his legal fees therefor; and it shall be unlawful for said marshal to demand or receive mileage for any greater distance than the actual distance by the usual routes from the place of service or execution of process, writ, or other paper, to the place of return of the same, except that when it sball be necessary to convey any person arrested' by legal authority out of the county in which he is arrested, said marshal shall be entitled to mileage for the whole distance necessarily traveled in delivering the person so arrested

before the court or officer ordering such arrest. Deputy mar

Said marshal is hereby authorized to appoint as many deputies as shals, their ap- may be necessary, each of whom shall have authority, in the name of pointment, bond, said marshal, to perform any act with like effect and in like manner as oath, &c. R. S., $ 780.

said marshal; and the marshal shall be liable for all official acts of such deputies, as if done by himself. Such appointment shall not be complete until he shall give bond to said marshal with sureties, to be by him approved, in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties; and he shall also take and subscribe the same oath prescribed by law to be taken by said marshal, and said appointment, bond and oath shall be filed and remain in the office of

the clerk of the supreme court of said Territory. -- actions for mis- In actions brought against said marshal for the misfeasance or nonfeasance of, how feasance of any deputy it shall be lawful for the plaintiff at his option, brought.

to join the said deputy and the sureties on his bond with said marshal

and his sureties. Sheriff's may Any process either civil or criminal returnable to the supreme or disserve processes. trict courts, may be served in any county, by the sheriff thereof or his R. S., 1876.

legal deputy. and they may also serve any other process which may be

authorized by act of the territorial legislature. Attorney of Uni- SEC. 2. That it shall be the duiy of the United States attorney in said ted States for Utah Territory in person or by an assistant, to attend all the courts of record to attend all

having jurisdiction of offenses as well under the laws of said Territory as ecuting officer, ap- of the United States, and perform the duties of prosecuting officer in all point assistants, criminal cases arising in said courts, and he is hereby authorized to ap. &c.

point as many assistants as may be necessary, each of whom shall subR. S., 1875.

scribe the same oath as is prescribed by law for said United States attorney and the said appointment and oath shall be filed and remain in

the office of the clerk of the supreme court of said Territory, Fees for services The United States attorney shall be entitled to the same fees for seryof assistants. ices rendered by said assistants as he would be entitled to for the same

services if rendered by himself. Prosecuting at The territorial legislature may provide for the election of a prosecuttorney may be ing attorney in any county; and such attorney, if authorized so to do

courts.

by such legislature, may commence prosecutions for offenses under the elected in any laws of the Territory within such county, and if such prosecution is car- county; his duties,

&c. ried to the district court by recognizance or appeal, or otherwise may aid in conducting the prosecution in such court. And the costs and expenses of all prosecutions for offenses against

Costs of prosecuany law of the territorial legislature shall be paid out of the treasury of tions, how paid. the Territory.

SEC. 3. That there shall be held in each year two terms of the supreme Terms of sucourt of said Territory, and four terms of each district court, at such preme and district times as the governor of the Territory may by proclamation fix.

R. S., Ø 1916. The district courts shall have exclusive original jurisdiction in all suits

District courts, or proceedings in chancery, and in all actions at law in which the sum jurisdiction. or value of the thing in controversy, shall be three hundred dollars or R. S., \ 1910. upward, and in all controversies where the title, possession, or boundaries of land, or mines or mining claims shall be in dispute, whatever their value, except in actions for forcible entry, or forcible and unlawful detainer; and they shall have jurisdiction in suits for divorce.

Probate courts, in their respective counties shall have jurisdiction in Probate couts, the settlement of the estates of decedents, and in matters of guardian- jurisdiction. ship and other like matters; but otherwise they shall have no civil,

R. S., $ 1907. chancery, or criminal jurisdiction whatever; they shall have jurisdiction of suits of divorce for statutory causes concurrently with the district courts; But any defendant in a suit for divorce commenced in a probate court

Divorce cases shall be entitled after appearance and before plea or answer, to have may be removed

to district courts. said suit removed to the district court having jurisdiction when said suit shall proceed in like manner as if originally commenced in said district court.

Nothing in this act shall be construed to impair the authority of the Probate courts probate courts to enter land in trust for the use and benefit of the occu- may enter lands in pants of towns in the various counties of the Territory of Utah accord. trust,

R. S., ji 2387– ing to the provisions of (1) “An act for the relief of the inhabitants of

3294. cities and towns upon public lands," approved March second, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven and “An act to amend an act entitled • An act for the relief of the inhabitants of cities and towns upon the public lands” approved June eighth, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight; or to discharge the duties assigned to the probate judges by an act of the leg. islative assembly of the Territory of Utah entitled "An act prescribing rules and regulations for the execution of the trust arising under an act of Congress entitled “An act for the relief of the inhabitants of cities and towns upon the public lands.?”

All judgments and decrees heretofore rendered by the probate courts – certain judg. which have been executed, and the time to appeal from which has by ments of, conthe existing laws of said Territory expired, are hereby validated and firmed. confirmed. The jurisdiction heretofore conferred upon justices of the peace by the

Justices of organic act of said Territory is extended to all cases where the debt or lion extended.

peace-jurisdicsum claimed shall be less than three hundred dollars.

From all final judgments of justices of the peace an appeal shall be Appeals from allowed to the district courts of their respective districts, in the same justices of peace manner as is now provided by the laws of said Territory for appeals to and proba te

. the probate courts; and from the judgments of the probate courts an appeal shall lie to the district court of the district embracing the county in which such probate court is held in such cases and in such manner as the supreme court of said Territory may, by general rules framed for that purpose, specify and designate, and such appeal shall vacate the judgment appealed from, and the case shall be tried de novo in the appellate court.

Appeals may be taken from both justices and probate courts to the district court of their respective districts in cases where judgments have

NOTE.-(1) The provisions here referred to of the act of 1867, ch. 177 (14 Stat. L., 541), and act of 1868, ch. 53 (15 Stat. L., 67), are incorporuted into Revised Statutes in the sections uoted in the margin.

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