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Reform School in
SEC. 2. That the board of trustees shall be a corporation by the name District of Colum- of the "Board of Trustees of the Reform-School of the District of Columbia to be a corpora- bia," for the purpose of taking and holding, in trust for the United States
- superintendent and other employés.
- treasurer of; his bond and duties.
Superintendent to give bond.
-to reside at in
property of every description which has been purchased, appropriated, or set apart for the use of the institution, or which may hereafter be purchased, appropriated, or set apart for its use, or given or bequeathed to it, or to the said board, for its use, with all power necessary to carry this purpose into effect, and to protect and preserve such property, including the land and buildings, fences, stock, fruit, crops, and trees of all kinds.
SEC. 3. That the board of trustees may appoint a superintendent, two or more teachers or assistants, and a matron whose salaries are fixed by law; they may also employ two or more master-mechanics, a farmer, a gardener, and such other persons, as servants and laborers, as may be necessary, and fix their compensation, subject to the approval of the Attorney General.
SEC. 4. That the board of trustees shall appoint a treasurer, who shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, give a bond to the United States with two or more sureties, to be approved by the First Comptroller of the Treasury, in the sum of twenty thousand dollars, or a larger sum, at the option of the said Comptroller, conditioned that he shall faithfully account for all the money received by him as treasurer;
And it shall be his duty to keep a clear and full record of his accounts as treasurer, and report an abstract of the same to the board of trustees once in every two months, and shall also make an annual report to the board of trustees.
SEC. 5. That before entering upon the duties of his office, the superintendent shall give a bond to the board of trustees, with sureties, to be approved by the Attorney General of the United States, in the sum of three thousand dollars, conditioned that he shall faithfully account for all money received by him, and faithfully perform all the duties incumbent on him as superintendent of said Reform School.
SEC. 6. That the superintendent shall reside at the institution constitution; his and stantly and that he, with such subordinate officers as may be appointed other officers' du- in accordance with the third section of this act, shall have the charge and custody of the boys; shall govern them in accordance with such rules and regulations as the board of trustees may prescribe in its bylaws; shall employ them in agricultural, mechanical or other labor; shall give them instruction in reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, and such other studies and in such arts and trades as the trustees may direct; and shall employ such methods of discipline as will, as far as possible, reform their characters, preserve their health, promote regular improvement in their studies and employments, and secure in them fixed habits of religion, morality, and industry.
to have charge
SEC. 7. That the superintendent shall have charge of the lands, buildof lands, buildings, ings, furniture, tools, implements, stock, provisions, and every other spe&c., keep books, cies of property pertaining to the institution, within the precincts thereof, account for money, under the board of trustees, including the farm in possession of the board
where the school was first located; and he shall keep in suitable books, regular and complete accounts of all his receipts and expenditures, and of all the property intrusted to him, so as to show clearly the income aud expenses of the institution;
And he shall account, in such manner as the trustees may prescribe, for all the money received by him from the proceeds of the institution or otherwise; and he shall keep a register of the names and ages of all boys committed to the institution, with the dates of their admission and discharge, and such particulars of their history before and after leaving the institution as he can obtain.
His books and all documents relating to the Reform-School shall, at all times, be open to the inspection of the trustees, who shall, once or more in every month, carefully examine his accounts, and the vouchers and documents connected therewith, and make a record of the result of
Reform School of
such examination; and, once in every three months, the institution shall be thoroughly examined in all its departments by three or more of the trustees, and a report of such examination shall be made to the board. SEC. 8. That whenever any boy under the age of sixteen years_shall be brought before any court of the District of Columbia, or any Judge District Columbia, of such court, and shall be convicted of any crime or misdemeanor pun- boys to. ishable by fine or imprisonment, other than imprisonment for life, such court or Judge, in lieu of sentencing him to imprisonment in the county jail or fining him, may commit him to the Reform-School, to remain until he shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years, unless sooner discharged by the board of trustees.
And the Judges of the criminal and police courts of the District of Columbia shall have power to commit to the Reform-School, first any boy under sixteen years of age who may be liable to punishment by imprisonment under any existing law of the District of Columbia, or any law that may be enacted and in force in said District; second, any boy under sixteen years of age, with the consent of his parent or guardian, against whom any charge of committing any crime or misdemeanor shall have been made, the punishment of which, on conviction, would be confinement in jail or prison; third, any boy under sixteen years of age who is destitute of a suitable home and adequate means of obtaining an honest living, or who is in danger of being brought up, or is brought up, to lead an idle or vicious life; fourth, any boy under sixteen years of age who is incorrigible, or habitually disregards the commands of his father or mother, or guardian, who leads a vagrant life, or resorts to immoral places or practices, or neglects or refuses to perform labor suitable to his years and condition, or to attend school.
And the president of the board of trustees may also commit to the Reform school such boys as are mentioned in the foregoing third and trustees may comfourth classes upon application or complaint in writing of a parent, or mit certain boys. guardian, or relative having charge of such boy, and upon such testimony in regard to the facts stated as shall be satisfactory to him; and for taking testimony in such cases, he is hereby empowered to administer oaths.
Period of deten
SEC. 9. That every boy sent to the Reform School shall remain until he is twenty-one years of age, unless sooner discharged or bound as an tion. apprentice; but no boy shall be retained after the superintendent shall have reported him fully reformed.
When school is
SEC. 10. That whenever there shall be as large a number of boys in the school as can be properly accommodated, it shall be the duty of the full, commitments president of the board of trustees to give notice to the criminal and suspended. police courts of the fact, whereupon no boys shall be sent to the schools
by the said courts until notice shall be given them by the president of
the board that more can be received.
SEC. 11. That if any person shall entice, or attempt to entice, away Enticing away from said school any boy legally committed to the same, or shall harbor, or harboring boys conceal, or aid in harboring or concealing any boy who shall have es- committed; how punished. caped from said school, such person shall, upon conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall pay a fine of not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars, which shall be paid to the treas urer of the board of trustees;
And any policeman shall have power, and it is hereby made his duty, to arrest any boy, when in his power so to do, who shall have escaped from said school, and return him thereto.
Police may arrest escaped boys.
SEC. 12. That the trustees shall have full power to place any boy Boys to be emcommitted as herein described, during his minority, at such employment ployed. and cause him to be instructed in such branches of useful knowledge, as may be suitable to his years and capacity, as they may see fit; And they may, with the consent of any such boy, bind him out as - may be apprenan apprentice during his minority, or for a shorter period, to learn such ticed. trade and employment as in their judgment will tend to his future benefit; and the president of the board shall, for such purpose, have power
District to pay for support of boys in Reform-School. 1879, March 3, ch. 183, par. 3.
Contracts for in
to execute and deliver, on behalf of the said board, indentures of apprenticeship for any such boy; and such indentures shall have the same force and effect as other indentures of apprenticeship under the laws of the District of Columbia, and be filed and kept among the records in the office of the Reform-School, and it shall not be necessary to record or file them elsewhere.
SEC. 13. That for the support of the boys sent to the Reform-School, as herein before mentioned the District of Columbia shall pay to the board of trustees two dollars for each boy per week; and it shall be the duty of the superintendent to make out and render to the proper officers monthly accounts at the close of each month for the support of the boys in said school, which shall be paid on demand; and, if not paid within ten days from the time the account is presented, shall draw interest at the rate of one per centum per month until paid.
SEC. 14. That all contracts and purchases made for or on account of stitution; how the institution shall be made in the name of the board and by whomsomade. ever the board may direct.
tive officer and to
The president of the board shall be its executive officer, and it shall board to be execu- be his duty to make an annual report to the Attorney General, to be accompanied by the annual report of the superintendent and treasurer. SEC. 15. That the board of trustees may make such by-laws, rules, and regulations for their own and the government of the institution, its officers, employees, and inmates, as they may deem necessary and proper. SEC. 16. That two consulting trustees shall be appointed, namely, one trustees; how ap- Senator of the United States, by the presiding officer of the Senate, for pointed. the term of four years, and one member of the House of Representatives, by the Speaker thereof, for the term of two years.
SEC. 17. That all acts and parts of acts incompatible with this act are hereby repealed. [May 3, 1876.]
May 5, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 52.
Public lands in
AN ACT TO EXCLUDE THE STATES OF MISSOURI AND KANSAS FROM THE PROVISIONS
Public lands in Missouri and Kansas subject to disposal as agricultural lands without reference to
Be it enacted, &c., That within the States of Missouri and Kansas deMissouri and Kan- posits of coal, iron, lead, or other mineral be, and they are hereby, exsas subject to dis- cluded from the operation of the act entitled "An act to promote the posal as agricul- development of mining resources of the United States" approved May out reference to de- tenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two and all lands in said States posits of minerals. shall be subject to disposal as agricultural lands. [May 5, 1876.] R. S., § 23192337.
tural lands with
NOTE (1) The act of 1872, ch. 152 (17 Stat. L., 91), is incorporated into Revised Statutes in the sections noted in the margin.
May 13, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 53.
Tax on ferment
AN ACT TO DEFINE THE TAX ON FERMENTED OR MALT LIQUORS.
Tax on fermented or malt liquors not to be assessed on quantity of materials used, &c. Be it enacted, &c., That nothing contained in section three thousand ed or malt liquors three hundred and thirty-seven of the Revised Statutes of the United not to be assessed States shall be so construed as to authorize an assessment upon the on quantity of ma- quantity of materials used in producing or purchased for the purpose of R. S., § 3337, producing, fermented or malt liquors, nor shall the quantity of materials
terials used, &c.
95 U.S., 337.
so used or purchased be evidence, for the purpose of taxation, of the quantity of liquor produced; but the tax on all beer, lager-beer, ale, porter, or other similar fermented liquor, brewed or manufactured, and sold or removed for consumption or sale, shall be paid as provided in section three thousand three hundred and thirty-nine of said statutes, and not otherwise:
Provided, That this act shall not apply to cases of fraud.
And provided further, That nothing in this act shall have the effect to change the present rules of law respecting evidence in any prosecution or suit [May 13, 1876.]
AN ACT TO AMEND THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT ENTITLED 'AN ACT TO ENCOURAGE
2. Planting seeds, nuts, or cuttings deemed com-
3. Trees, &c., may be planted in separate bodies.
[SECTION 1], That section three of the act entitled (1) "An act to amend the act entitled 'An act to encourage the growth of timber on public land on acthe western prairies,"" is hereby amended by adding thereto the following further proviso:
Provided, further, That whenever a party holding a claim under the provisions of this act, or whenever making final proof under the same, shall prove by two good and credible witnesses that the trees planted and growing on said claim were destroyed by grasshoppers during any one or more years while holding said claim, said year or years in which said trees were so destroyed shall not work any forfeiture of any of the rights or privileges conferred by this act; and the time allowed by this act in which to plant the trees and make final proof shall be extended the same number of years as the trees planted on the said claim were destroyed in the manner specified in this section.
count of planting, &c., timber, whose trees are destroyed by grasshoppers, allowed extension of rights.
R. S., § 2317, 2464-2468. 1874, March 13, ch. 55. 1878, June 3, ch.
1878, June 14, ch.
1879, July 1, ch. 63, § 2. SEC. 2. That the planting of seeds, nuts, or cuttings shall be consid-Planting seeds, ered a compliance with the provisions of the timber-culture act:
nuts, or cuttings
Provided, That such seeds, nuts, or cuttings of the kind and for the deemed complipurpose contemplated in the original act shall be properly and well ance with law, but to be replanted in planted, the ground properly prepared and cultivated; and in case such certain cases, &c. seeds, nuts, or cuttings should not germinate and grow, or should be R. S., §§ 2317, destroyed by the depredations of grasshoppers, or from other inevitable 2464-2468. accident, that the ground shall be replanted or the vacancies filled within one year from the first planting:
1874, June 3, ch.
1878, June 14, ch.
Provided, further, That parties claiming the benefit of the provisions 190. of this act shall prove, by two good and credible witnesses, that the ground was properly prepared and planted in such seeds, nuts, or cuttings, and were so destroyed by inevitable accident in such year. SEC. 3. That it shall not be necessary to plant trees, seeds, nuts, or Trees, &c., may cuttings in one body, provided the several bodies, not exceeding four be planted in sepain number, planted by measurement, aggregate the amount required and rate bodies. in the time required by the original and amended act. [May 20, 1876.]
NOTE.-(1) The act of 1874, March 13, ch. 55, here referred to, seems to be superseded by the act of 1878,
R. S., § 2317, 2464-2468.
1874, June 3, ch.
AN ACT RELATING TO INTERMENTS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL CEMETERY.
May 23, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 54.
Monuments to be erected to deceased
Monuments to be erected to deceased Senators and Representatives interred in Congressional Cemetery. Be it enacted, &c., That hereafter whenever any deceased Senator or Member of the House of Representatives shall be actually interred in Senators and Repthe Congressional Cemetery, so-called, it shall be the duty of the Ser- resentatives ingeant-at-Arms of the Senate, in the case of a Senator, and of the Ser- terred in Congres geant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives, in the case of a member sional Cemetery.
1848, July 25, ch. of the House, to have a monument erected, of granite, with suitable in109, § 2 (9 Stat. L., scriptions, and the cost of the same shall be a charge upon and paid out 250). 1858, May 18, ch. either from the contingent funds of the Senate or of the House of Rep38, § 1(11 Stat. L., resentatives, to whichever the deceased may have belonged, and any 289). existing omissions of monuments or inscriptions, as aforesaid, are hereby directed and authorized to be supplied in like manner, and all laws upon the subject of monuments in the Congressional Cemetery are hereby repealed. May 23, 1876.]
19 Stat. L., 55. Pre-emptors whose crops have
AN ACT TO EXTEND THE TIME TO PRE-EMPTORS ON THE PUBLIC LANDS
Pre-emptors whose crops have been destroyed by grasshoppers within past two years allowed further time to make proof and payment.
Be it enacted, &c., That whenever any pre emptor on public lands or been destroyed by Indian reservations shall make satisfactory proof, at the local land office, grasshoppers with- under rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the in past two years allowed further Interior, that the crops upon the lands occupied by him have been detime to make proof stroyed by grasshoppers within two years prior to the passage of this and payment. act, the time within which such pre-emptor is required to make final 1877, March 3, proof and payment is hereby extended two years. [May 23, 1876.] ch. 127.
May 23, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 55.
AN ACT EXTENDING THE TIME WITHIN WHICH HOMESTEAD ENTRIES UPON CERTAIN
Unoccupied lands of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians; patents to issue for part, and remainder subject to homestead entry.
Unoccupied, &c., Be it enacted, &c., That section one (1) of an act entitled "An act to lands of Ottawa amend an act entitled 'An act for the restoration to market of certain and Chippewa In- lands in Michigan,' approved June tenth, eighteen hundred and seventyissue for part, and two,"(1) approved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-five, be, remainder subject and hereby is, amended so as to read as follows:
dians; patents to
to homestead en- That the act approved June tenth, eighteen hundred and seventyR. S., §§ 2313- two, entitled "An act for the restoration to market of certain lands in 2316. Michigan," be, and is hereby, amended so as to authorize the Secretary 1875, March 3, of the Interior to cause patents to be issued to three hundred and twenty ch. 188, § 1. members of the Ottawas and Chippewas of Michigan for the selections found to have been made by them, but which were not, prior to the passage of said act, regularly reported and recognized by the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian Affairs; and the remainder of said lands not disposed of, and not valuable mainly for pine timber, shall be subject to entry under the homestead laws. [May 23, 1876.]
NOTE. (1) The act of 1872, ch. 224 (17 Stat. L., 381), here referred to, is incorporated into Revised
June 10, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 58.
AN ACT TRANSFERRING THE CUSTODY OF CERTAIN INDIAN TRUST-FUNDS
1. Treasurer of United States to be custodian
Treasurer of United States to make future purchases and sales.
without affecting supervisory power of Secretary of Interior.
Be it enacted, &c., That all stocks, bonds, or other securities or eviUnited States to be dences of indebtedness now held by the Secretary of the Interior in trust for the benefit of certain Indian tribes shall, within thirty days
custodian of Indian trust securities.