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Fines, &c.; how SEC. 13. That all fines and penalties under this act shall be collected prosecuted for by in the same manner that other fines and penalties are collected in the District of Columbia; and it shall be the duty of the United States district attorney for the District of Columbia to prosecute all violations of this act.

United States at



SEC. 14. That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed. [June 15, 1878.]



June 17, 1878.

20 Stat. L., 140.

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Special agents of

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[Par. 1.] That hereafter the per diem pay of all special agents apPost-Office De- pointed under section forty hundred and seventeen, Revised Statutes, partment and as- shall only be allowed for their actual and necessary expenses not exceedsistant superintendents of rail- ing five dollars per diem when they are actually engaged in traveling way mail service; on the business of the department except such, not exceeding ten in their number and number, as are appointed by the Postmaster-General to do duty at such compensation. R. S., § 4017, important points as he may designate, and nine assistant superintendents of railway mail service, who may be detailed to act as superintendents of division of railway mail service, who shall each receive a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars, per annum and no more:

1880, June 11, ch.
206, § 1, par. 1.

Post-ronte maps [Par. 2.] For the preparation and publication of post-route maps
may be sold at cost. * ; and the Postmaster-General may authorize the publication and sale
1879, March 3,
ch. 180, § 1, par. 3.' of said maps to individuals at the cost thereof, the proceeds of said sales
to be applied as a further appropriation for said purpose.

Compensation of postmasters of fourth class.

[Par. 3.] That the compensation of postmasters of the fourth class shall be the whole of the box-rents collected at their offices and commisR. S., § 3852- sions on unpaid letter-postage collected, on amounts received from wastepaper, dead newspapers, printed matter, and twine sold, and on postage1876, July 12, ch. stamps, stamped envelopes, postal cards, and newspaper and periodical 179, § 8. stamps canceled as postages on matter actually mailed at their offices, at the following rate, namely:


On the first one hundred dollars or less per quarter, sixty per centum; On all over one hundred dollars and not over three hundred dollars per quarter, fifty per centum;

And on all over three hundred dollars per quarter, forty per centum; The same to be ascertained and allowed by the Auditor in the settlement of the accounts of such postmasters, upon their sworn quarterly returns:

Provided, That when the compensation of any postmaster of this class when exceeding shall reach one thousand dollars per annum, exclusive of commissions $1,000, salary to be adjusted. on money-order business, and when the returns to the Auditor for four quarters shall show him to be entitled to a compensation in excess of that amount under section seven of the act of July twelfth, eighteen hundred and seventy six, the Auditor shall report such fact to the Postmaster-General, who shall assign him to his proper class, and fix his salary as provided by said section:

Provided further, That in no case shall there be allowed to any post- limit of. master of this class a compensation greater than two hundred and fifty dollars in any one quarter, exclusive of money-order commissions.

Commissions to

be withheld, &c., make false returns. when postmasters

That in any case where the Postmaster-General shall be satisfied that a postmaster has made a false return of business, it shall be within his discretion to withhold commissions on such returns, and to allow any compensation that under the circumstances he may deem reasonable: R. S., § 3855. Provided, That the form of affidavit to be made by postmasters upon Form of affidavit their returns shall be such as may be prescribed by the Postmaster-Gen- to returns by postmasters, and peneral; and any postmaster who shall make a false return to the Auditor, alty for false refor the purpose of fraudulently increasing his compensation under the turns, &c. provisions of this or any other act, shall be deemed guilty of a misde- R. S., § 3855. meanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be fined in a sum not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year, or punished by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court;


And no postmaster of any class, or other person connected with the Postmasters and postal service, intrusted with the sale or custody of postage-stamps, service restricted others in postal stamped envelopes, or postal cards, shall use or dispose of them in the as to sale of stamps, payment of debts or in the purchase of merchandise or other salable cards, and envelarticles, or pledge or hypothecate the same, or sell or dispose of them opes. except for cash, or sell or dispose of postage-stamps or postal cards for R. S., 3918any larger or less sum than the values indicated on their faces, or sell 1879, March 3, or dispose of stamped envelopes for a larger or less sum than is charged ch. 180, § 26. therefor by the Post-Office Department for like quantities, or sell or dispose of postage-stamps, stamped envelopes, or postal cards otherwise than as provided by law and the regulations of the Post-Office Department;

And any postmaster, or other person connected with the postal service, who shall violate any of these provisions shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be fined in any sum not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.


[Par. 4.] That hereafter the Postmaster-General may appoint one agent One agent only only to superintend the postal railway service, who shall be paid, out of to superintend postal railway servthe appropriation for the transportation of the mail on railways, a salary ice; his salary. at the rate of three thousand five hundred dollars a year, and no allowances for traveling or incidental expenses;

R. S., § 4020. 1880, June 11, ch. 206, § 1, par. 1. Reduction of tion for transportrailway compensaing mails.

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And provided further, That the Postmaster-General be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to readjust the compensation to be paid from and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, for transportation of mails on railroad routes by reducing the compensation R. S., § 4002. to all railroad companies for the transportation of mails five per centum 1875, March 31, ch. 128, par. 2. per annum from the rates for the transportation of mails, on the basis 1876, July 12, ch. of the average weight fixed and allowed by the first section of an act 179, § 1. entitled "An act making appropriations for the service of the Post 1879, March 3, Office Department for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen ch. 180, §§ 5, 6, hundred and seventy-seven, and for other purposes", approved July 206. 1880, July 11, ch.

twelfth, eighteen hundred and seventy-six.

1881, March 1, ch. 9%, § 1, par.2. 16 Opin. Att'yGen., 196.

SEC. 2. Disbursement of That the disbursements of the moneys appropriated for the preparamoney for post- tion and publication of post-route maps be made by a regular bonded route maps to be by bonded officer. disbursing-officer of the Post-Office Department, according to the laws, rules, and customs as recognized by the accounting-officers of the Treasury Department:

Topographer's office; pay-rolls of how made out and paid.

-expenditures for

post-route maps; how vouched for.

- disbursements

And provided also, That the pay-rolls of the draughtsmen, clerks, messengers, and other employees of the topographer's office, shall be regularly made out by the chief of the topographer's office, examined and checked by the appointment-clerk of the Post-Office Department, and the payments thereof made by a bonded disbursing-officer of the Post-Office Department:

And also provided further, That all expenditures made by the chief of the topographer's office for the preparation and publication of post-route maps shall be accounted for by vouchers, accompanied by affidavit, and the moneys therefor shall be disbursed by a disbursing-officer of the Post-Office Department;

And all of the above disbursements shall be paid out of the approof, to what appropriation for the preparation and publication of post-route maps. priation charged. Repeal.

SEC. 3. That all acts or parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. [June 17, 1878.]


June 17, 1878.

20 Stat. L., 143.

Cadet midshipmen; number and appointment of. Substitute for R. S., § 1513.


Cadet-midshipmen; number and appointment of.
Officers in Navy may be advanced for eminent con-
duct in battle.

Rank not to be changed except by advice of
Senate, &c.

Be it enacted, &c., That section fifteen hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes shall hereafter read as follows:

"SEC. 1513. There shall be allowed in said academy one cadet-midshipman for every member or delegate of the House of Representatives, one for the District of Columbia, and ten appointed at large:

Provided, however, That there shall not be at any time more in said academy appointed at large than ten;

But the provisions of this section shall not be construed to apply to cadet-midshipmen appointed at large now in said academy."

Section fifteen hundred and six is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

Officers in Navy "SEC. 1506. Any officer of the Navy may, by and with the advice and may be advanced consent of the Senate, be advanced, not exceeding thirty numbers in for eminent con- rank, for eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle or extraordinary

duct in battle.

Rank not to be


And the rank of officers shall not be changed except in accordance changed except by with the provisions of existing law, and by and with the advice and advice of Senate, consent of the Senate." [June 17, 1878.]


R. S., § 1506.


June 17, 1878.

20 Stat. L., 144.


Pension for loss of both hands, feet, or eyes increased.

Whereas, it is apparent that the present pension paid to soldiers and sailors who have lost both their hands or both their feet in the service of the country is greatly inadequate to the support of such as have families: Therefore,

Pension for loss

of both hands, feet, or eyes increased. R. S., §§ 4697,

Be it enacted, &c., That on and after the passage of this act, all soldiers and sailors who have lost either both their hands or both their feet or the sight of both eyes in the service of the United States, shall receive, in lieu of all pensions now paid them by the Government of 4698. the United States, and there shall be paid to them, in the same man- 1877, Feb. 28, ner as pensions are now paid to such persons, the sum of seventy two dollars per month

[June 17, 1878.]



1879, March 3, ch. 200.



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Nothing, however, in this act shall be construed to prevent enlistments for the Signal Service, which shall hereafter be maintained as now organized and as provided by law, with a force of enlisted men not exceeding four hundred and fifty, after present terms of enlistment have expired.



1878, June 20, ch. 359, § 1, par. 8. SEC. 2. That in every Official Army Register hereafter issued, the lineal rank of all officers of the line of the Army shall be given separately for the different arms of the service;

June 18, 1878.

20 Stat. L., 145.

Signal Service to be maintained with 450 men. R. S., § 1196. 1876, July 24, ch. 226, § 1. 1879,June 23,ch.35. how to specify linArmy Register; eal rank of officers and military serv

And if the officer be promoted from the ranks, or shall have served ice. in the volunteer army, either as an enlisted man or officer, his service as a private and non-commissioned officer shall be given, and in addition thereto the record of his service as volunteer.

SEC. 3. That hereafter all vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant shall be filled by appointment from the graduates of the Military Academy so long as any such remain in service unassigned;

And any vacancies thereafter remaining shall be filled by promotion of meritorious non-commissioned officers of the Army, recommended under the provisions of the next section of this act:

Provided that all vacancies remaining, after exhausting the two classes named, may be filled by appointment of persons in civil life.

Second lieuten

ants; who may be appointed as, &c. R. S., § 1213. 1878, June 11, ch. 181, § 2.


how promoted.

SEC. 4. That to insure the selection of proper candidates for promotion from the grade of non-commissioned officers, company and battery sioned officers; commanders will report to their regimental commanders such as, in their opinion, by education, conduct, and services, seem to merit advancement, and who have served not less than two years in the Army; the reports to set forth a description of the candidate, his length of service as non-commissioned officer and as private soldier, his character as to fidelity and sobriety, his physical qualifications and mental abilities, the extent to which his talents have been cultivated, and his fitness generally to discharge the duties of a commissioned officer.


If recommended on account of meritorious services, the particular services referred to must be stated in detail.

On receiving the reports of company or battery commanders, the regimental commander will forward the same to the department commanders, with such recommendation of non-commissioned regimental staff as he may deem worthy of promotion; and the department commander shall Board of exam- annually assemble a board to consist of five officers of as high rank as the convenience of the service will admit, to make a preliminary examination into the claims and qualifications of such non-commissioned officers. The board, constituted as above shall submit a full statement in the case of each candidate examined; and on the said statements, the department commander shall indorse his remarks and forward them to the Secretary of War by the first day of June in each year.


The Chief of Engineers and of other staff corps may make similar tion, &c., for pro- recommendations of the non-commissioned officers of their respective commands to the Secretary of War, who shall convene a board of officers for like purpose.

motion in staff corps.

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16 Opin. Att'yGen., 26, 611.

See Tyler's case and

Retired list lim

ited to 400.

R. S., § 1258.
Allowance of or

SEC. 5. That hereafter women shall not be allowed to accompany troops as laundresses:

Provided, That any such laundress, being the wife of a soldier as is now allowed to accompany troops, may, in the discretion of the regi mental commander, be retained until the expiration of such soldiers present term of enlistment.

SEC. 6. (Rep.) [That hereafter, in time of peace, all military headquarters, except Army headquarters, shall be established and maintained at points where the government own buildings or barracks, within the several departments and divisions, and in such buildings or barracks, and not otherwise, unless the Secretary of War shall by an order in writing otherwise direct.]

SEC. 7. That on and after the passage of this act, all officers of the Army of the United States who have served as officers in the volunteer forces during the war of the rebellion, or as enlisted men in the armies of the United States, regular or volunteer, shall be, and are hereby, credited with the full time they may have served as such officers and as such enlisted men in computing their service for longevity pay and retirement.

Babbitt's case, 16 Ct. Cls.,-.

And the retired list shall hereafter be limited to four hundred in lieu of the number now fixed by law.

SEC. 8. Allowance of or commutation for fuel to commissioned offifor fuel to officers cers is hereby prohibited; but fuel may be furnished to the officers of of Army prohibited, but fuel may be the Army by the Quartermaster's Department, for the actual use of sold to them for use. such officers only, at the rate of three dollars per cord for standard oak R. S., § 1270. wood, or at an equivalent rate for other kinds of fuel, according to the 16 Opin. Att'y- regulations now in existence;

Gen., 92.

Forage in kind And forage in kind may be furnished to the officers of the Army, by may be furnished the Quartermaster's Department, only for horses owned and actually for horses owned kept by such officers in the performance of their official military duties and kept by offi- when on duty with troops in the field or at such military posts west of R. S., § 1270- the Mississippi River, as may be from time to time designated by the Secretary of War, and not otherwise as follows:

cers, &c.


1877, Feb. 27, ch. 69, par. 35.

To the General five horses;

To the Lieutenant General four horses;

To a major-general three horses;

To a brigadier-general, three horses;

To a colonel, two horses;

To a lieutenant-colonel, two horses;

To a major, two horses;

To a captain (mounted), two horses;

To a lieutenant (mounted), two horses;

To an adjutant, two horses;

To a regimental quartermaster, two horses.

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