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Judge for northern district to be appointed. R. S., § 554.
and shall exercise the same jurisdiction and perform the same duties within the said district as he now exercises and performs within his present district.
And there shall be appointed a district judge for the northern district of Texas, who shall possess the same powers and do and perform all such duties in his district as are now enjoyed, or in any manner appertain to the present district judges for said eastern and western districts of Texas.
And the district judge of such district shall be entitled to the same compensation as by law is provided for the present judges of the eastern and western districts of Texas.
SEC. 8. That there shall be appointed one person as district attorney and marshal for and one person as marshal for said northern district, whose terms of appointment and services, as well as duties and emoluments, shall be the same with those respectively appertaining to the said offices in the said eastern and western districts of Texas;
attorneys, marshals, and clerks.
Clerk and dep
And said marshal shall give the same bond that other marshals are required to give, to be approved and recorded as now directed by law: Provided, That the present district attorneys for the eastern and western districts of Texas shall still hold their offices respectively in said districts, and shall retain charge of all suits already commenced until the final termination, unless the President of the United States shall otherwise direct; and the present marshals for said eastern and western districts shall continue to be the marshals for said districts during their respective official terms:
Provided further, That it is not intended by this act to work the removal of, or in any manner affect, the clerks of the district courts now holding office in said districts.
SEC. 9. The district judge of the northern district shall appoint a uty clerks for clerk of said court, who shall reside at one of the places designated in northern district; this act for holding the courts, and two deputies shall be appointed by how appointed. the clerk, one of whom shall reside at each of the other places designated for holding the courts. [February 24, 1879.]
Feb. 25, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 320.
Supreme court of District of Columbia to have a sixth judge.
R. S. of Dist. Col., §§ 750, 751.
may be held by two judges; proceedings on divis. ion of opinion.
Judge not to sit
AN ACT TO CREATE AN ADDITIONAL ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF
1. Supremo court of District of Columbia to
2. General term may be held by two judges;
Judge not to sit on hearing appeal from his
Be it enacted, &c.
3. Two circuit court terms at same time.
4. Cases of $2,500 may be reviewed by Supreme
[SECTION 1], That there shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, one additional associate justice of the supreme court of the District of Columbia.
That the said additional associate justice shall have the same power, authority, and jurisdiction as now or hereafter may be exercised by any of the associate justices of the said supreme court, and shall be entitled to receive the same salary, payable in the same manner.
SEC. 2. Two of the justices, sitting at general term, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business; but when the two justices shall be divided in opinion, the same shall be noted upon the minutes of the court, and thereupon and within four days thereafter either party in such cause may file with the clerk of the court a motion in writing to have such cause reargued before three or more justices;
But no justice shall sit in general term to hear an appeal from any on hearing appeal judgment or decree or order which he may have rendered at the special from his own de- term.
SEC. 3. The general term may order two terms of the circuit court to
be held at the same time, whenever, in their judgment the business court terms at therein shall require it; and they shall designate by an order of the same time. court, the time and places of holding the same, and the justices by whom they shall, respectively, be held; and shall make all necessary orders for a division of the docket between the justices holding such term;
And petit juries shall be drawn therefor, in the same manner as is provided for in such circuit court, at least ten days before the commencement of any such sitting.
Cases of $2,500
of United States.
SEC. 4. The final judgment or decree of the supreme court of the District of Columbia in any case where the matter in dispute, exclusive may be reviewed of costs, exceeds the value of twenty-five hundred dollars, may be re- by Supreme Court examined and reversed or affirmed in the supreme court of the United R. S., §§ 691States, upon writ of error or appeal in the same manner and under the 701. same regulations as are provided in cases of writs of error on judg 98 U.S., 398. 100 U. S., 112, ments or appeals from decrees rendered in a circuit-court. 147. SEC. 5. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act [act] are hereby repealed. [February 25, 1879.]
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE ISSUE OF CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT IN AID OF THE
Certificates of deposit of $10 each, with interest at Application of the money. 4 per cent., convertible into bonds, to be issued.
Feb. 26, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 321.
deposit of $10 each,
with interest at 4 per cent., convertible into bonds, to
Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and directed to issue, in exchange for lawful money of the United States that may be presented for such exchange, certificates of deposit, of the denomination of ten dollars, bearing interest at the rate of four per centum per annum, and convertible at any time, with ac- be issued. crued interest, into the four per centum bonds described in the refund. ing act;
1870, ch. 256 (16 Stat. L., 272).
And the money so received shall be applied only to the payment of the bonds bearing interest at a rate of not less than five per centum in the money. the mode prescribed by said act, and he is authorized to prescribe suitable rules and regulations in conformity with this act. [February 26, 1879.]
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION TWENTY-THREE OF THE ACT APPROVED JUNE TWENTY
SECOND, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FOUR, ENTITLED “AN ACT TO AMEND
Salaries of naval officers at Baltimore and New - of surveyors at Portland, Baltimore, and New
Feb. 26, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 322.
Salaries of naval
Be it enacted, &c., That the twenty-third section of an act entitled "An act to amend customs-revenue laws and to repeal moieties", approved officers at Baltithe twenty-second day of June, eighteen hundred and seventy four, be, and the same is hereby, amended, to take effect from that date, as follows:
more and New Or leans.
R. S., § 2655, 2656, 2689.
After the words "to the naval officers of the districts of Boston and 1874, June 22, ch. Charlestown, Massachusetts; and San Francisco, California; and Phila- 391, § 23. delphia, Pennsylvania," insert the words "and Baltimore, Maryland; and New Orleans, Louisiana";
And after the words "to the surveyors of the ports of Boston, Massachusetts, and San Francisco, California, and Philadelphia, Pennsyl vania, each five thousand dollars," insert the words
"Provided, the surveyors at Portland, Maine, and Baltimore, Maryland, shall each receive the sum of four thousand five hundred dollars, and the surveyor at New Orleans, Louisiana, shall receive the sum of three thousand five hundred dollars;" [February 26, 1879.]
Feb. 26, 1879. 20 Stat. L., 322.
AN ACT TO PROMOTE A KNOWLEDGE OF STEAM-ENGINEERING AND IRON-SHIP BUILD-
Engineers in Navy may be detailed as professors
- not exceeding twenty-five, &c.
Engineers in Be it enacted, &c., That for the purpose of promoting a knowledge of Navy may be de- steam-engineering and iron-ship building among the young men of the tailed as professors United States, the President may, upon the application of an established in colleges, &c. R. S., § 1390. scientific school or college within the United States, detail an officer from the Engineer Corps of the Navy as professor in such school or college: Provided, That the number of officers so detailed shall not at any time exceed twenty-five, and such details shall be governed by rules to be prescribed from time to time by the President:
-not exceeding twenty-five, &c.
-may be with
And provided further, That such details may be withheld or withdrawn drawn from detail. whenever, in the judgment of the President, the interests of the public service shall so require. [February 26, 1879.]
Feb. 26, 1879. 20 Stat. L., 323.
AN ACT TO AMEND AN ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR SUN-
THIRTIETH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-NINE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES”,
Restrictions as to binding not to apply to library of Patent Office.
Be it enacted, &c., That the act entitled "An act making appropriations to binding not to for sundry civil expenses of the government for the fiscal year ending apply to library of Patent Office and June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for other purState Department. poses", approved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, R. S., 3785, be, and the same is hereby, amended by adding to the clause of said act 1878, June 20, ch. relating to the binding of books for the departments of the government, after the words "Congressional Library", the following words: "nor to the Library of the Patent Office", nor to the Library of the Department of State. [February 26, 1879.]
359, § 1, par. 1.
Feb. 27, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 223.
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE SETTLEMENT OF TAX-LIEN CERTIFICATES ERRONEOUSLY
In District of Columbia, certain tax-lien certificates receivable for taxes prior to July, 1877.
In District of Be it enacted, &c., That in order to settle and pay to the holders of Columbia, certain tax-lien certifi- certain tax-lien certificates purporting to have been issued pursuant to cates receivable for an act of the legislative assembly of the District of Columbia approved taxes prior to July, June twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-three, which the Commissioners of the District of Columbia may determine to have been erro
neously issued by the late authorities of the said District against property exempt from taxation at the time the taxes were imposed, or property upon which the taxes purporting to be represented by said certificates had been paid, the Commissioners of the District be, and they are hereby, authorized to receive the same in satisfaction of any arrearages of taxes prior to July first, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, except special improvement taxes; and immediately upon the redemption of such erroneously issued certificates, the same shall be canceled, and a proper record of such payment and cancellation be made. [February 27, 1879.]
AN ACT EXTENDING THE LIMITS OF THE PORT OF NEW YORK.
Collection district of city of New York to include part of Hudson County, New Jersey.
Feb. 28, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 324. Collection dis
trict of city of New
Be it enacted, &c., That the collection-district of the port of New York shall hereafter include, in addition to the other territory embraced York to include therein, all that part of the county of Hudson, in the State of New Jer part of Hudson sey, and the waters adjacent, now within the collection-district of New- County, New Jerark, New Jersey, east of Newark Bay and the Hackensack River. [Feb- sey. ruary 28, 1879.]
R. S., § 2535, 2541.
AN ACT FOR THE RELIEF OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF THE NEW MEXICO
March 1, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 324.
Claims of New Mexico volunteers
Be it enacted, &c., That the Court of Claims shall take jurisdiction of and adjudge the claims of officers and privates of the New Mexico for loss of horses, Mounted Volunteers in the service of the United States during the war of the rebellion, on account of losses of horses and equipments, although the same shall not be presented within six years from the time they accrued:
Provided, That no such claim shall be considered unless the petition setting forth the same be filed within one year from the passage of this act [March 1, 1879.]
&c., referred to Court of Claims.
R. S., § 1059.
See cases of Valdez & Tapia, 16 Cl.
to be presented within one year.
March 1, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 327.
AN ACT RELATING TO SOLDIERS WHILE IN THE CIVIL SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. Certain pensioners who lost their pensions by being in the civil service to have same restored. Be it enacted, &c., That all persons who, under and by virtue of the first section of the act entitled "An act supplementary to the several ers who lost their acts relating to pensions," approved March third, eighteen hundred and pensions by being in the civil service sixty-five, were deprived of their pensions during any portion of the to have same retime from the third of March, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, to the stored. sixth of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, by reason of their being 1865, ch. 81, § 1 in the civil service of the United States, shall be paid their said pen(13 Stat. L., 499). sions, withheld by virtue of said section of the act aforesaid, for and during the said period of time from the third of March, eighteen hun. dred and sixty-five, to the sixth of June, eighteen hundred and sixtysix. [March 1, 1879.]
March 1, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 327.
AN ACT TO AMEND THE LAWS RELATING TO INTERNAL REVENUE.
1. Collector of internal revenue, his deputy or employé, issuing stamps before payment guilty of misdemeanor, &c.
2. R. S., 797. Clerks of circuit or district courts, at close of each quarter, to make report to Commissioner of Internal Revenue of money paid in suits on collectors' bonds, &c. R.S., § 3143. Collectors of internal revenue to give bonds, and, when required, to renew bonds, &c.
-bonds of, to be filed with First Comptroller. R. S., § 3144. to act as disbursing agents, &c. R. S., 3149. Who to act in absence or disability of collector.
- in case of vacancy.
-collector's bond liable for deputy acting. -bond of deputy while acting available to collector's representative.
R. S., 3163. Collectors and revenue agents to see that laws, &c., are enforced.
-to report delinquencies, &c., to Commissioner.
Commissioner may transfer inspector, gauger, or storekeeper, &c.
R. S., 3152. Internal-revenue agents not exceeding thirty-five may be appointed. -designation and powers of.
-laws applicable to.
R. S., § 3165. Revenue officers may administer oaths, &c., authorized by regulations.
R. S. 3171. Officers suffering injury in discharge of duty may have suit for damages. Sec. 12 of act of 1875, ch. 36. Deputy collectors; appointment and compensation. -collectors' salaries in lieu of commissions.
collector may revoke appointment of depu ties, require bonds; action on such bonds. -deputy collector's authority and responsibility.
Sec. 13 of act of 1875, ch. 36. Collector to have certain allowances for expenses, &c.
and further allowance in certain cases. -total compensation of, limited.
-not entitled to salary unless confirmed by Senate.
ASSESSMENT AND COLLECTION.
3. R. S., § 3173. Annual returns of persons liable to tax.
- when may be made by deputy collector. -in case of absence of person, deputy col. lector to leave notice, &c.
-proceedings in case of neglect to make re'turns, or of making false returns.
collector may examine persons and papers. R. S., § 3176. Penalties added to tax may be collected after tax is paid.
R. S., § 3264. Survey of distillery, provisions concerning.
R. S., §§ 3276, 3286. Penalties on distiller for obstructing officer in examination, and for refusing to draw off water in tubs, &c. R. S., § 3282. In apparatus for manufacture of vinegar, contrivances by which vapor can be converted into spirits not to be used.
- vinegar factory not to be near distillery, &c. manufacturers of vinegar may separate alcoholic property from mash, &c.
not to remove vinegar, &c., with over 2 per cent. alcohol.
-examination of vinegar factories, &c. -- distilleries of thirty gallons or less may be exempt from certain obligations.
R. S., 3287. Drawing, gauging, &c. Repealed. R. S., 3293. Entry and giving bond, taxes, &c. Repealed.
R. S., § 3294. Withdrawal from warehouse on payment of tax.
R.S., 3301. Storekeeper to keep warehouse books and make returns.
R. S., § 3314. Collectors to account for tax. Repealed.
R. S., § 3315. Stamps for restamping packages of liquors, tobacco, cigars, snuff, &c., when stamps are destroyed.
R. S., § 3317. Rectifiers to make returns. - punishment for fraud committed or attempted by, and for aiding same.
R. S., § 3183. Collectors, &c., not to issue receipts in lieu of stamps.
R. S., § 3186. Taxes to be lien on all property of person assessed.
R. S., § 3197. Proceedings for seizure and sale
of real estate for taxes.
- public notice and manner of sale.
- purchase for United States.
- adjournment of sale.
- deeds, certificaters, &c., of purchasers for
District attorney's fee for preparing deeds, &c.
-collector to keep and transmit copy to Com-
-deputy to return statement to collector. -to be delivered to successor.
copy of, to be evidence.
R. S., 3208. Commissioner to have charge of real estate acquired by United States under internal revenue laws.
may sell or lease same.
-to release same on payment of debt.
R. S., §3223. Tax on distilled spirits accidentally destroyed not to be remitted when fully insured.
4. R. S., § 3244. No special tax on sales of spirits, &c., by fiduciary officer of court, retiring, &c., partner, nor wholesale tax on sales of entire stock by retail dealer.
R. S., 3318. Rectifiers and wholesale liquor
R. S., 3332. Distillery apparatus when seized
6. Assessment for deficient production of dis
Distillers of fruit exempt from such assessments, except, &c.
R. S., 3221. Tax on spirits accidentally destroyed by fire not to be collected, and, if collected, may be refunded.
7. Rectifier's bond to be given before commencing
8. Rectifiers to give notice of intent to rectify.
10. Condition of distiller's transportation bond
R. S., § 3244. Drawback on silks exported.
IMPORTED-LIQUOR STAMPS, ETC
11. Imported liquors to be placed in public stores, inspected, and stamped.
-casks of, when filled on premises of wholesale dealer to have special stamps affixed.
12. Stamps, &c., on imported packages to be de faced, &c.