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delivered by such carriers, to a postage of two cents each, and these

rates shall be prepaid by stamps affixed. Post-paid letters SEC. 26. That all mail-matter of the first class upon which one full to be delivered on rate of postage has been prepaid shall be forwarded to its destination, payment of deficiency by special charged with the unpaid rate, to be collected on delivery; stamps.

But postmasters, before delivering the same, or any article of mail. R.S., 0 3898.

matter upon which prepayment in full has not been made, shall affix, or cause to be affixed, and canceled, as ordinary stamps are canceled, one or more stamps equivalent in value to the amount of postage due on such article of mail-matter, which stamps shall be of such special design and denomination as the Postmaster-General may prescribe, and which shall in no case be sold by any postmaster nor received by him

in prepayment of postage. Commissions to That in lieu of the commission now allowed to postmasters at offices postmasters on spe- of the fourth class upon the amount of unpaid letter-postage collected, cial stamps for unpaid postage.

such postmasters shall receive a commission upon the amount of such 1878, June 27, ch. special stamps so canceled, the same as now allowed upon postage 259, N 1, par. 3. stamps, stamped envelopes postal cards, and newspaper and periodical

stamps canceled as postages on matter actually mailed at their offices: Regulations may Provided, The Postmaster General may, in his discretion, prescribe bo made for free- instead such regulation therefor at the offices where free delivery is delivery offices.

established as, in his judgment, the good of the service may require. Penalty for fail. SEC. 27. That any postmaster or other person engaged in the postal ing to account for service who shall collect, and fail to account for, the postage due upon any postage, or to can. article of mail-matter which he may deliver, without having previously cel stamps, &c., by affixed and canceled such special stamps, as herein before provided, or officials.

who shall fail to affix such stamp, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of fifty

dollars. - for washing, SEC. 28. That any person who shall use, or attempt to use, in pay. selling, using, &c., ment of postage, any canceled postage-stamp or postage-stamps, whether canceled stamps, the same have been before used or not, or who shall by any means resta in ped envelopes, &c.

move, or attempt to remove, or assist in removing, marks from any postR. S., 09 3922– age-stamp or postage stamps, with intent to use the same in payment 3925.

of postage, or who knowingly shall have in bis possession any postagestamp or postage-stamps canceled, with intent to use the same, or from which such cancellation marks have been removed, or who shall sell or offer to sell any such stamp or stamps or who shall use or attempt to use the same in payment of postage, or who shall remove the superscription from any stamped envelope or postal card that has once been used in the payment of postage, with intent to again use the same for a like purpose, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment for not less than six months nor more than one year, or by a fine of not less than one hun. dred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each offense, or by

both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. Letters, &c., on SEC. 29. The provisions of the fifth and sixth sections of the act enofficial business titled “ An act establishing post-routes, and for other purposes”, apmay be free postage by all offi- proved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, for the transcers of government mission of official mail-matter, be, and they are hereby, extended to all and of Smithsonian officers of the United States Government, and made applicable to all Institution in offi- official mail.matter transmitted between any of the officers of the United cial envelopes. 1877, March 3,

States, or between any such officer anıl either of the executive departch. 103, ý ý 5, 6.

ments or officers of the government, the envelopes of such matter in 16 Opin. Att'y- all cases to bear appropriate indorsements containing the proper desigGen., 455.

nation of the office from which the same is transmitted, with a state. ment of the penalty for their misuse.

And the provisions of said fifth and sixth sections are hereby likewise extended and made applicable to all official mail-matter sent from

the Smithsonian Institution: - except by pen- Provided, That this act shall not extend or apply to pension-agents sion agents and or other officers who receive a fixed allowance as compensation for their some other officers. services, including expenses for postage.


SEC. 30. That section thirty-nine hundred and fifty-five of the Revised New sureties for

mail contracts may Statutes be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows:

be required. “The Postmaster-General, whenever, he may deem it consistent with Substitute for the public interest, may accept or require new surety upon any con

R. S., 3955. tract existing or hereafter made for carrying the mails, in substitution for and release of any existing surety". SEC. 31. Any person performing the duties of postmaster, by author. Acting postmas

ters during vacanity of the President, at any post-office where there is a vacancy for any cause, shall receive for the term for which the duty is performed the cei pe pagitice to resame compensation to which he would have been entitled if regularly appointed and confirmed as such postmaster; and all services heretofore rendered in like cases shall be paid for under this provision.

SEC. 32. That the Postmaster-General is hereby authorized to take Letter-sheet onthe necessary steps to introduce and furnish for public use a letter- velopes. sheet envelope, on which postage-stamps of the denominations now in use on ordinary envelopes shall be placed.

And the Postmaster-General is also authorized to introduce and fur- Double postal nish for public use a double postal card, on wbich shall be placed two cards and double

letter envelopes. one-cent stamps, and said card to be so arranged for the address that

R. S., BØ 3914, it may be forwarded and retu ned, said cards to be sold for two cents 3917. apiece; and also to introduce and furnish for public use a double-letter envelope, on which stamps of the denominations now in use may be placed, and with the arrangement for the address similar to the double postal card;

Said letter-sheet and double postal card and double envelope to be issued under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe.

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And provided, That no money shall be paid for royalty or patent on – but no royalty

– any of the articles named.

for patent thereon

to be paid. Sec. 33. That so much of this act as is embraced in sections four to When act takes thirty-one both inclusive, shall take effect from the first day of May, offect; repeal. 1879, and all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed. [March 3, 1879.]




March 3, 1879. 20 Siat. L., 377.

1. Par. 1. Members of Congress to have ten

charts of Coast Survey each session. Par. 2. Issue of coin certificates for bullion,

except, &c., repealed. Par. 3. Secretary of Treasury may lease un

productive public property. Par. 4. Water power at Moline may be leased

by Secretary of War. Par. 5. Pikesville arsenal and grounds may

be sold by Secretary of War or dó

nated to Maryland.
Par. 6. Military prison to make supplies for

Par. 7. Home for Disabled Soldiers; pur-

chases, expenditures, and estimates

for support of. Par. 8. Disbursements for Capitol extension,

&c., to be made by disbursing clerk

of Interior Department.
Par. 9. Director of Geological Surveys; ap.

pointment and duties, &c.
Certain surveys discontinued.
Collections from surveys to be depos-

ited in National Museum.
Par. 10. Publication of geological surveys and


distribution and sale of copies, &c. Par. 11. Half of support of indigent insane

in Government Hospital to be paid
by District of Columbia.

Par. 12. Archives, &c., relating to Indians,

collected by Geographical and Geo-
logical Surveys, to be turned over to

Smithsonian Institution.
Par. 13. Repeal of requirement that towns of

Madison and Jackson, Tenn., shall

furnish buildings for courts.
Par. 14. Clerks of conrts and marshal for In-

diana to perform duties at terms of
court at Fort Wayne, and appoint

Par. 15. Allowances to contestants of seats in

House of Representatives.
2. Par. 1. Bounty to colored soldiers; how paid.

- identity of claimant.

- attorney's fee.
- payment to claimants, &c.

Disposition of colored bounty-fund

now in Treasury.
3. Par. 1. In District of Columbia, inspector of

buildings to have control of repairs,

&c., of school buildings.
Par. 2. Permanent appropriation for sinking

fund of the 3.65 bonds of District.
Par. 3. Deposit of revenues of District, and

how drawn
Provision requiring certain distribu.

tion of taxes collected repealed.

Be it enacted, &c. Members of Con

SECTION 1.] gress to have ten (Par. 1.] That Senators, Representatives, and Delegates to the House charts of coast of Representatives shall each be entitled to not more than ten charts Survey each session.

published by the Coast Survey, for each regular session of Congress. R. S., Ø 4691. 1878, June 20, ch. 359, Ø 1, Par. 5.


Issue of coin cer- [Par. 2.) And so much of the act "making appropriations for the leg. tificates for bull-islative, executive, and judicial expenses of the government for the fiscal jon, except, &c., year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for repealed. R. S.; Ø 254, other purposes”, approved June nineteenth, eighteen hundred and sev

enty-eight, as authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to issue coin cer. 1878, June 19, ch. tificates in exchange for bullion deposited for coinage at mints and assay. 329, 1, par. 9.

offices other than those inentioned in section thirty-five hundred and forty-five of the Revised Statutes, be, and the same is hereby, repealed; said repeal to take effect at the end of the present fiscal year.



Secretary of [Par. 3.] That authority be, and is hereby, given to the Secretary of Treasury may lease the Treasury to lease, at his discretion for a period not exceeding five un productive pub- years, such unoccupied and unproductive property of the United States lic property. R.S., 3749. under bis control, for the leasing of which there is no authority under

existing law, and such leases shall be reported annually to Congress.

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Water power at

[Par. 4.] That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and emMolino may be powered to lease the water power, at Moline, or such portion as may be leased by Secrotary agreed upon, to the Moline Water Power Company upon such terms and of War.

conditions, and for such term of years as may be agreed upon, if the same can be done consistently with the interests of the Government of the United States.

Said lease to be made upon the condition that the said Moline Water Power Company shall go on and complete the development of the water power and maintain it at its own cost and expense


Pikesville ar- [Par. 5.] That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed senal and grounds to dispose of the grounds, buildings, and appurtenances known as the may be sold by Pikesville arsenal in the State of Maryland, by public sale to the highest Secretary of War or donated to Ma- bidder, turning into the Treasury the net proceeds after paying cost of ryland.

advertisement sale, and so forth:

Provided, That if the State of Maryland shall, prior to the first of March, eighteen hundred and eighty, accept the same, it is hereby granted and donated to said State, to be used for such militia or other purposes as the necessities of the State may require; and the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to transfer said property to the State of Maryland, to be held by it in trust for the use, benefit, and execution of the purposes of this grant.

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Military prison

[Par. 6. Support and improvement of the Leavenworth military to make supplies prison, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas :

Provided, That the Sec. for Army.

retary of War shall cause to be fabricated at the said prison such supR. S., 1351.

plies for the Army as can be economically and properly manufactured

at the said prison. Home for Disa- [Par. 7.) Support of National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers: bled Volunteers; Current expenses, including repairs : *

Provided, That all purpurchases to be chases of supplies exceeding the sum of one thousand dollars at any one made after adver. time shall be made upon public tender after due advertisement, and that tisement; expenditures for 'new the expenditure for new buildings shall be expressly authorized in writbuildings; estim- ing: ates for support of. Provided, That the estimates hereafter submitted for the support of

R. S., 4831.
1875, March 3,

the National Home shall be inade in detail, specifying the several items ch. 129.

of expenditure, and separating the cost of food and other supplies in the form usually adopted for the Army, and that this specification be made for each soldiers' home separately.

[Pur. 8.) And hereafter the disbursing clerk of the Department of the

Disbursements Interior is hereby required to act as disbursing clerk of the architect of for Capitol exten

sion, &c., to be the Capitol, and to disburse all moneys appropriated for the United made by 'disbursStates Capitol extension and improvement of the grounds, and to re- ing clerk of Inteceive an annual compensation of one thousand dollars, to be paid out rior Department. of said appropriation.

R. S., Ø 1816.

[Par. 9.) For the salary of the Director of the Geological Survey, which

Director of Geooffice is hereby established, under the Interior Department, who shall logical Surveys; be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of

appointment, dn

ties, &c. the Senate, six thousand dollars :

Provided, That this officer shall have the direction of the Geological Survey, and the classification of the public lands and examination of the Geological Structure, mineral resources and products of the national domain

And that the Director and members of the Geological Survey shall have no personal or private interests in the lands or mineral wealth of the region under survey, and shall execute no surveys or examinations for private parties or corporations; And the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, and

Certain surveys the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, discontinued.

R. S., \ 2406. under the Department of the Interior, and the Geographical Surveys West of the One hundredth Meridian, under the War Department, are hereby discontinued, to take effect on the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and seventy nine.

And all collections of rocks, minerals, soils, fossils, and objects of nat- Collections from ural history, Archaeology, and ethnology, made by the Coast and In- surveys to be deterior Survey, the Geological Survey, or by any other parties for the posited in National Government of the United States, when no longer needed for investigations in progress shall be deposited in the National Museum.



(Par. 10.] The publications of the Geological Survey shall consist of Publications of the annual report of operations, geological and economic maps illustrat. geological surveys. ing the resources and classification of the lands, and reports upon general and economic geology and paleontology:

The annual report of operations of the Geological Survey shall accom- of reports. pany the annual report of the Secretary of the Interior.

All special memoirs and reports of said survey shall be issued in uni. form quarto series if deemed necessary by the Director, but otherwise in ordinary octavos.

Three thousand copies of each shall be published for scientific ex. – copies to bo changes and for sale at the price of publication; and all literary and printed, distribcartographic materials, received in exchange shall be the property of

uted, &c. the United States and form a part of the library of the organization:

And the money resulting from the sale of such publications shall be Proceeds of sale. covered into the Treasury of the United States, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior;

[Par. 11.) Current expenses, Government Hospital for the Insane: Half of support

Provided, That one balf of the expense of the indigent patients of indigent insano from the District of Columbia shall be reported to the Treasury Depart- Hospital to be paid

in Government ment, and charged against the appropriations to be paid toward the by District of Coexpenses of the District by the general government, without regard to lumbia. the date of their admission.

R. S., § 4844.

1877, March 3,

ch. 105. [Par. 12.) That all the archives, records and materials relating to the Archives, &c., Indians of North America, collected by the Geographical and Geological relating to Indians

collected by GeoSurvey of the Rocky Mountain Region, shall be turned over to the

graphical and GeNOTE.-(1) The fees allowed by the resolution here referred to are "for the preparation and prosecution of claims for, and the collection and remittance of all sums not exceeding fifty dollars, five dol. lars ; for all sums exceeding fifty and less than one hundred dollars, seven dollars and fifty cents; and for all sums exceeding one hundred dollars, the sum of ten dollars."



ological Surveys to Smithsonian Institution, that the work may be completed and prepared be turned over to for publication under its direction; Provided That it shall meet the

approval of the Secretary of the Interior and of the Secretary of the tution. R. S., O $ 5579–5594. Smithsonian Institution.

Repeal of re- [Par. 13.] That so much of the act "making appropriations for sundry quirement that civil expenses of the government for the fiscal year, ending June thirtowns of Madison and Jackson,

tieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for other purposes”, apTenn., shall for proved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, as requires nish buildings for the authorities of the county of Madison or town of Jackson, Tennessee, 1878, June 20, ch. to provide suitable buildings free of any expense to the United States,

, 359, \ 1, Par. 17. for holding the United States district and circuit courts, be, and the

same is hereby, repealed. Clerks of courts (Par. 14.] That the second section of an act entitled "An Act to proand marshal for vide for the holding of terms of the district and circuit courts of the duties at terms of United States at Fort Wayne, Indiana" approved June eighteenth eightcourt at Fort een hundred and seventy eight, be and the same is, amended to read as Wayne, and ap- follows; point deputies.

6. SEC. 2. That the clerk of the district court and the clerk of the cir. Substitute for

1878, June 18, ch. cuit court for the district of Indiava, and the marshal and the district 269, ý 2.

attorney for said district, shall perform the duties appertaining to their 1881, March 3, offices respectively for said courts; and the clerks of said courts and ch. 154.

the marshal shall appoint deputies, to reside and keep their offices at Fort Wayne, and who shall in the absence of their principals, do and

perform all the duties appertaining to their said offices respectively” * Allowances to [Par. 15.] That hereafter no contestee or contestant for a seat in the contestants of seats House of Representatives shall be paid exceeding two thousand dollars in Honse of Repre- for expenses in election contests; sentatives. R. S., $ 128, 130. And before any sum whatever shall be paid to a contestant or con

testee for expenses of election contests, he shall file with the clerk of the Committee on Elections a full and detailed account of bis expenses, accompanied by the vouchers and receipts for each item, which account and vouchers shall be sworn to by the party presenting the same, and no charges for witness fees shall be allowed in said accounts uuless made in strict conformity to section one hundred and twenty eight Re

vised Statutes of the United States. Bounty to col- SEC. 2. (Par. 1.] That all sums due upon certificates issued, or which ored soldiers; how may be issued by the accounting officers of the Treasury in settlement paid.

of claims for pay, bounty, prize money, or other moneys due to colored soldiers, sailors or marines, or their legal representatives, shall be paid by the officers of the Pay Department of the Army, under the direction of the Paymaster General, who is already charged with the payment of

like dues to white soldiers: -identity of

Provided, first, That no such certificate shall be issued until it shall claimant.

have been ascertained that the application is made by the original claimant, or, if he be dead, by his true living legal representative, nor until the identity of such claimant or representative as the case may be, shall

have been duly established: - attorney's fee. Provided, That if an agent or attorney be employed, the allowance for

1866, Res. 86, (14 his services shall not in any case exceed that contemplated in the scale Stat. L., 368).

of fees and allowances fixed by the second section of a joint resolution approved July twenty sixth, eighteen hundred and sixty six, entitled “Joint resolution amendatory of a joint resolution respecting bounties to colored soldiers, and the pensions, bounties, and allowances to their heirs”, approved June fifteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty six, and such allowance shall be stated in a separate certificate in favor of the agent or attorney simultaneously with the issue of a certificate for the

amount due the claimant:(1) - payments to Provided further, That the amount due the claimant, or his living repclaimants, &c.

resentative, or the balance due after deducting the attorney's fee, if any,



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