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delivered by such carriers, to a postage of two cents each, and these rates shall be prepaid by stamps affixed.
Post-paid letters SEC. 26. That all mail-matter of the first class upon which one full to be delivered on rate of postage has been prepaid shall be forwarded to its destination, ciency by special charged with the unpaid rate, to be collected on delivery;
payment of defi
R. S., § 3898.
Commissions to postmasters on special stamps for unpaid postage. 1878, June 27, ch. 259, § 1, par. 3.
Regulations may be made for freedelivery offices.
Penalty for failing to account for postage, or to cancel stamps, &c., by
But postmasters, before delivering the same, or any article of mailmatter upon which prepayment in full has not been made, shall affix, or cause to be affixed, and canceled, as ordinary stamps are canceled, one or more stamps equivalent in value to the amount of postage due on such article of mail-matter, which stamps shall be of such special design and denomination as the Postmaster-General may prescribe, and which shall in no case be sold by any postmaster nor received by him in prepayment of postage.
That in lieu of the commission now allowed to postmasters at offices of the fourth class upon the amount of unpaid letter-postage collected, such postmasters shall receive a commission upon the amount of such special stamps so canceled, the same as now allowed upon postage stamps, stamped envelopes postal cards, and newspaper and periodical stamps canceled as postages on matter actually mailed at their offices: Provided, The Postmaster General may, in his discretion, prescribe instead such regulation therefor at the offices where free delivery is established as, in his judgment, the good of the service may require. SEC. 27. That any postmaster or other person engaged in the postal service who shall collect, and fail to account for, the postage due upon any article of mail-matter which he may deliver, without having previously affixed and canceled such special stamps, as herein before provided, or who shall fail to affix such stamp, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of fifty dollars.
for washing, SEC. 28. That any person who shall use, or attempt to use, in payselling, using, &c., ment of postage, any canceled postage-stamp or postage-stamps, whether canceled stamps, the same have been before used or not, or who shall by any means restamped envelmove, or attempt to remove, or assist in removing, marks from any postopes, &c. R. S., § 3922- age-stamp or postage-stamps, with intent to use the same in payment of postage, or who knowingly shall have in his possession any postagestamp or postage stamps canceled, with intent to use the same, or from which such cancellation-marks have been removed, or who shall sell or offer to sell any such stamp or stamps or who shall use or attempt to use the same in payment of postage, or who shall remove the superscription from any stamped envelope or postal card that has once been used in the payment of postage, with intent to again use the same for a like purpose, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment for not less than six months nor more than one year, or by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each offense, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.
Letters, &c., on SEC. 29. The provisions of the fifth and sixth sections of the act enofficial business titled "An act establishing post-routes, and for other purposes", apmay be sent free of postage by all offi- proved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, for the transent mission of official mail-matter, be, and they are hereby, extended to all and of Smithsonian officers of the United States Government, and made applicable to all Institution in offi- official mail-matter transmitted between any of the officers of the United cial envelopes. States, or between any such officer and either of the executive departments or officers of the government, the envelopes of such matter in all cases to bear appropriate indorsements containing the proper designation of the office from which the same is transmitted, with a statement of the penalty for their misuse.
1877, March 3, ch. 103, §§ 5, 6. 16 Opin. Att'yGen., 455.
-except by pen
And the provisions of said fifth and sixth sections are hereby likewise extended and made applicable to all official mail-matter sent from the Smithsonian Institution:
Provided, That this act shall not extend or apply to pension-agents sion agents and or other officers who receive a fixed allowance as compensation for their some other officers. services, including expenses for postage.
SEC. 30. That section thirty-nine hundred and fifty-five of the Revised Statutes be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows: "The Postmaster-General, whenever, he may deem it consistent with the public interest, may accept or require new surety upon any contract existing or hereafter made for carrying the mails, in substitution for and release of any existing surety".
New sureties for mail contracts may be required. Substitute for
R. S., § 3955.
SEC. 31. Any person performing the duties of postmaster, by author- Acting postmasters during vacanity of the President, at any post-office where there is a vacancy for any cause, shall receive for the term for which the duty is performed the civf office to resame compensation to which he would have been entitled if regularly appointed and confirmed as such postmaster; and all services heretofore rendered in like cases shall be paid for under this provision.
SEC. 32. That the Postmaster-General is hereby authorized to take the necessary steps to introduce and furnish for public use a letter- velopes. sheet envelope, on which postage-stamps of the denominations now in use on ordinary envelopes shall be placed.
And the Postmaster-General is also authorized to introduce and fur- Double postal nish for public use a double postal card, on which shall be placed two cards and doubleletter envelopes. one-cent stamps, and said card to be so arranged for the address that R. S., § 3914, it may be forwarded and returned, said cards to be sold for two cents 3917. apiece; and also to introduce and furnish for public use a double-letter envelope, on which stamps of the denominations now in use may be placed, and with the arrangement for the address similar to the double postal card;
Said letter-sheet and double postal card and double envelope to be issued under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe.
And provided, That no money shall be paid for royalty or patent on but no royalty any of the articles named.
SEC. 33. That so much of this act as is embraced in sections four to thirty-one both inclusive, shall take effect from the first day of May, 1879, and all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed. [March 3, 1879.]
for patent thereon to be paid.
When act takes
AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR SUNDRY CIVIL EXPENSES OF THE GOVERN-
1. Par. 1. Members of Congress to have ten charts of Coast Survey each session.
Par. 2. Issue of coin certificates for bullion,
Par. 3. Secretary of Treasury may lease un-
Par. 5. Pikesville arsenal and grounds may
Par. 6. Military prison to make supplies for
Par. 7. Home for Disabled Soldiers; pur-
Par. 8. Disbursements for Capitol extension,
Par. 9. Director of Geological Surveys; ap-
Par. 10. Publication of geological surveys and
distribution and sale of copies, &c. Par. 11. Half of support of indigent insane in Government Hospital to be paid by District of Columbia.
March 3, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 377.
Members of Con
gress to have ten
Be it enacted, &c.
[Par. 1.] That Senators, Representatives, and Delegates to the House charts of Coast of Representatives shall each be entitled to not more than ten charts Survey each session. published by the Coast Survey, for each regular session of Congress. R. S., § 4691. 1878, June 20, ch. 359, § 1, Par. 5.
Issue of coin cer
[Par. 2.] And so much of the act "making appropriations for the legtificates for bull- islative, executive, and judicial expenses of the government for the fiscal ion, except, &c., year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for repealed. R. S., § 254, other purposes", approved June nineteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, as authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to issue coin certificates in exchange for bullion deposited for coinage at mints and assayoffices other than those mentioned in section thirty-five hundred and forty-five of the Revised Statutes, be, and the same is hereby, repealed; said repeal to take effect at the end of the present fiscal year.
1878, June 19, ch. 329, § 1, par. 9.
Secretary of [Par. 3.] That authority be, and is hereby, given to the Secretary of Treasury may lease the Treasury to lease, at his discretion for a period not exceeding five unproductive pub- years, such unoccupied and unproductive property of the United States lic property. R. S., § 3749. under his control, for the leasing of which there is no authority under existing law, and such leases shall be reported annually to Congress.
Water power at [Par. 4.] That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and emMoline may be powered to lease the water power, at Moline, or such portion as may be leased by Secretary agreed upon, to the Moline Water Power Company upon such terms and conditions, and for such term of years as may be agreed upon, if the same can be done consistently with the interests of the Government of the United States.
Said lease to be made upon the condition that the said Moline Water Power Company shall go on and complete the development of the water power and maintain it at its own cost and expense
[Par. 5.] That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed senal and grounds to dispose of the grounds, buildings, and appurtenances known as the may be sold by Pikesville arsenal in the State of Maryland, by public sale to the highest Secretary of War or donated to Ma- bidder, turning into the Treasury the net proceeds after paying cost of ryland. advertisement sale, and so forth:
Provided, That if the State of Maryland shall, prior to the first of March, eighteen hundred and eighty, accept the same, it is hereby granted and donated to said State, to be used for such militia or other purposes as the necessities of the State may require; and the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to transfer said property to the State of Maryland, to be held by it in trust for the use, benefit, and execution of the purposes of this grant.
[Par. 6.] Support and improvement of the Leavenworth military to make supplies prison, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: * * Provided, That the Secfor Army. retary of War shall cause to be fabricated at the said prison such supR. S., § 1351. plies for the Army as can be economically and properly manufactured at the said prison.
Home for Disa
[Par. 7.] Support of National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers: bled Volunteers; Current expenses, including repairs: Provided, That all purpurchases to be chases of supplies exceeding the sum of one thousand dollars at any one tisement; expend- time shall be made upon public tender after due advertisement, and that itures for new the expenditure for new buildings shall be expressly authorized in writbuildings; estim- ing:
made after adver
ates for support of. R. S., § 4831.
1875, March 3, ch. 129.
Provided, That the estimates hereafter submitted for the support of the National Home shall be made in detail, specifying the several items of expenditure, and separating the cost of food and other supplies in the
form usually adopted for the Army, and that this specification be made for each soldiers' home separately.
[Par. 8.] And hereafter the disbursing clerk of the Department of the Interior is hereby required to act as disbursing clerk of the architect of for Capitol extension, &c., to be the Capitol, and to disburse all moneys appropriated for the United made by disbursStates Capitol extension and improvement of the grounds, and to re- ing clerk of Inteceive an annual compensation of one thousand dollars, to be paid out rior Department. of said appropriation. R. S., § 1816.
[Par. 9.] For the salary of the Director of the Geological Survey, which Director of Geooffice is hereby established, under the Interior Department, who shall logical Surveys; appointment, dnbe appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of ties, &c. the Senate, six thousand dollars:
Provided, That this officer shall have the direction of the Geological Survey, and the classification of the public lands and examination of the Geological Structure, mineral resources and products of the national domain
And that the Director and members of the Geological Survey shall have no personal or private interests in the lands or mineral wealth of the region under survey, and shall execute no surveys or examinations for private parties or corporations;
R. S., § 2406.
And the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, and the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, discontinued. under the Department of the Interior, and the Geographical Surveys West of the One hundredth Meridian, under the War Department, are hereby discontinued, to take effect on the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and seventy nine.
And all collections of rocks, minerals, soils, fossils, and objects of natural history, Archaeology, and ethnology, made by the Coast and Interior Survey, the Geological Survey, or by any other parties for the Government of the United States, when no longer needed for investigations in progress shall be deposited in the National Museum.
surveys to be deposited in National Museum.
[Par. 10.] The publications of the Geological Survey shall consist of the annual report of operations, geological and economic maps illustrat- geological surveys. ing the resources and classification of the lands, and reports upon gen
eral and economic geology and paleontology.
The annual report of operations of the Geological Survey shall accom- of reports.
pany the annual report of the Secretary of the Interior.
All special memoirs and reports of said survey shall be issued in uniform quarto series if deemed necessary by the Director, but otherwise in ordinary octavos.
Three thousand copies of each shall be published for scientific ex- copies to be changes and for sale at the price of publication; and all literary and printed, distribcartographic materials, received in exchange shall be the property of the United States and form a part of the library of the organization: And the money resulting from the sale of such publications shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior;
Proceeds of sale.
Half of support
[Par. 11.] Current expenses, Government Hospital for the Insane: * Provided, That one half of the expense of the indigent patients of indigent insane from the District of Columbia shall be reported to the Treasury Depart- Hospital to be paid ment, and charged against the appropriations to be paid toward the by District of Coexpenses of the District by the general government, without regard to the date of their admission.
[Par. 12.] That all the archives, records and materials relating to the Indians of North America, collected by the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, shall be turned over to the
R. S., § 4844. 1877, March 3, ch. 105.
Archives, &c., relating to Indians collected by Geo
graphical and Ge
ological Surveys to Smithsonian Institution, that the work may be completed and prepared be turned over to for publication under its direction; Provided That it shall meet the Smithsonian Insti- approval of the Secretary of the Interior and of the Secretary of the R. S., §§ 5579-5594. Smithsonian Institution.
towns of Madison
Repeal of re- [Par. 13.] That so much of the act "making appropriations for sundry quirement that civil expenses of the government for the fiscal year, ending June thirand Jackson, tieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for other purposes", apTenn., shall fur- proved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, as requires nish buildings for the authorities of the county of Madison or town of Jackson, Tennessee, to provide suitable buildings free of any expense to the United States, for holding the United States district and circuit courts, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.
1878, June 20, ch. 359, § 1, Par. 17.
Clerks of courts
[Par. 14.] That the second section of an act entitled "An Act to proand marshal for vide for the holding of terms of the district and circuit courts of the Indiana to perform duties at terms of United States at Fort Wayne, Indiana" approved June eighteenth eightcourt at Fort een hundred and seventy eight, be and the same is, amended to read as Wayne, and ap- follows; point deputies. Substitute for 1878, June 18, ch.
269, § 2.
1881, March 3,
"SEC. 2. That the clerk of the district court and the clerk of the circuit court for the district of Indiana, and the marshal and the district attorney for said district, shall perform the duties appertaining to their offices respectively for said courts; and the clerks of said courts and the marshal shall appoint deputies, to reside and keep their offices at Fort Wayne, and who shall in the absence of their principals, do and perform all the duties appertaining to their said offices respectively" * [Par. 15.] That hereafter no contestee or contestant for a seat in the contestants of seats House of Representatives shall be paid exceeding two thousand dollars in House of Repre- for expenses in election contests;
Bounty to colored soldiers; how paid.
-identity of claimant.
-attorney's fee. 1866, Res. 86, (14 Stat. L., 368).
-payments to claimants, &c.
And before any sum whatever shall be paid to a contestant or contestee for expenses of election contests, he shall file with the clerk of the Committee on Elections a full and detailed account of his expenses, accompanied by the vouchers and receipts for each item, which account and vouchers shall be sworn to by the party presenting the same, and no charges for witness fees shall be allowed in said accounts unless made in strict conformity to section one hundred and twenty eight Revised Statutes of the United States.
SEC. 2. [Par. 1.] That all sums due upon certificates issued, or which may be issued by the accounting officers of the Treasury in settlement of claims for pay, bounty, prize money, or other moneys due to colored soldiers, sailors or marines, or their legal representatives, shall be paid by the officers of the Pay Department of the Army, under the direction of the Paymaster General, who is already charged with the payment of like dues to white soldiers:
Provided, first, That no such certificate shall be issued until it shall have been ascertained that the application is made by the original claimant, or, if he be dead, by his true living legal representative, nor until the identity of such claimant or representative as the case may be, shall have been duly established:
Provided, That if an agent or attorney be employed, the allowance for his services shall not in any case exceed that contemplated in the scale of fees and allowances fixed by the second section of a joint resolution approved July twenty sixth, eighteen hundred and sixty six, entitled "Joint resolution amendatory of a joint resolution respecting bounties to colored soldiers, and the pensions, bounties, and allowances to their heirs", approved June fifteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty six, and such allowance shall be stated in a separate certificate in favor of the agent or attorney simultaneously with the issue of a certificate for the amount due the claimant:(1)
Provided further, That the amount due the claimant, or his living representative, or the balance due after deducting the attorney's fee, if any,
NOTE. (1) The fees allowed by the resolution here referred to are "for the preparation and prosecution of claims for, and the collection and remittance of all sums not exceeding fifty dollars, five dollars; for all sums exceeding fifty and less than one hundred dollars, seven dollars and fifty cents; and for all sums exceeding one hundred dollars, the sum of ten dollars.'