« AnteriorContinuar »
Poundkeeper to keep record; to deliver animals on evidence of ownership.
Sale of animals to be only after notice.
Unwholesome food; penalty for sale of.
Adulterated food or
Sickly or unwholesome animals.
Slaughtering diseased cattle.
Offering for sale poisonous or unwholesome food or drink.
Meat and vegetable stalls, &c., to be kept clean, &c.
SEC. 8. That the poundmaster appointed by this board shall keep a register of all animals taken up by him, with an accurate description of the same, which shall at all times be open to the inspection of the public; and the said poundmaster is hereby forbidden to deliver any animal taken up and im pounded to any person applying for the same, unless such person shall present good and sufficient evidence of his ownership or right to the possession of said animal;
And no sale of any animal or animals impounded as aforesaid shall be made until due public notice by advertisement in at least one newspaper of such sale shall have been given, together with a description of the animal or animals to be sold, as herein before provided.
SEC. 9. That any ordinance or part of an ordinance heretofore passed by the Board of Health of the District of Columbia, inconsistent with the foregoing, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.
To prevent the sale of unwholesome food in the cities of Washington and Georgetown.
6. Meat and vegetable stalls, &c., to be kept clean, &c.
7. Unwholesome milk.
[SECTION 1], That no person shall knowingly sell, or cause to be sold, within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, any impure, diseased, decayed, or unwholesome provisions, nor shall any person fraudulently adulterate, for the purpose of sale within said cities, any bread or other material intended to be used for food with any substance of a poisonous character, or any substance injurious to health; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more than fifty dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 2. That no person shall offer for sale within the cities of Washington or Georgetown any liquor used for drink, whether malt, vinous, or ardent, or the milk of cows or goats, intended to be used for food or drink, which has been adulterated with any poisonous or deleterious ingredient; and any person violating the provisions of this section, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more than fifty dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 3. That no person shall convey into the cities of Washington or Georgetown, and offer for sale in any part of said cities, any animal or part of animal that may be sickly, diseased, or unwholesome, or which may have died from disease or accident, or any fish or vegetables not fresh, sound, and fit for food; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 4. That no person shall slaughter any cattle for the purpose of sale as food within the cities of Washington and Georgetown when such cattle are in a feverish or diseased condition; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 5. That no person, whether owner, manager, keeper of, agent, bar-tender, or clerk, in any saloon, restaurant, boarding-house, or eating-house, located within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, shall offer for sale as food or drink anything poisonous or unwholesome; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 6. That no person owning, renting, leasing, or occupying any stall, room, or stand where meats or vegetables are sold for food, within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, shall fail to keep said stall, room, or stand in a cleanly condition; nor shall such person allow said meats or vegetables to become poisoned, or infected, or unfit for food, by reason of uncleanly condition of such stall, room, or stand; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 7. That no person shall offer for sale, within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, any unwholesome, watered, or adulterated milk, or swill-milk, or milk from cows kept up and fed on garbage, swill, or other deleterious substance; nor shall any person offer for sale within said cities any butter or cheese made from such unwholesome milk; and any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than twenty dollars for each and every such offense.
SEC. 8. That on and after the passage of this ordinance it shall be unlawful for any person or persons to sell or expose for sale within the cities of Washington and Georgetown, any unsound, blown, or unwholesome meat, or other article of food, under a penalty of not less than five nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every such offense.
To provide for the inspection of streets, food, live-stock, fish and other marine products in the cities of
2. Health-officer's duty.
3. Inspector's duty to inspect streets.
4. to inspect food.
8. Proceedings when meat, &c., is found unwholesome.
Penalty for hindering, &c., health-officers and
5. to inspect live-stock.
Health-officer and inspectors of streets, food, &c.
Inspector's duty to inspect streets.
Be it ordained, &c.
[SECTION 1], That there shall be appointed by the board of health a Health Officer and such inspectors as may be required, who shall be assigned to the several duties of inspection of streets, of food, of livestock, of fish and other marine products, or detailed for the performance of such other duties as may be necessary.
SEC. 2. That it shall be the duty of the health-officer, as he may be directed by this board, to execute or cause to be executed, the ordinances, resolutions, and orders of the board, and generally, according to its instructions, to exercise a practical supervision in respect to inspectors, pound-masters, and the clerical force in his office; and said Health-officer shall devote his services to the aforesaid purposes as the Board may direct.
SEC. 3. That it shall be the duty of each Inspector of streets to visit every part of his district daily, and carefully inspect all streets, alleys, yards, and inclosures, horse and cow stables, privies, slaughter houses, wharves, and every other place where offensive or deleterious matter may exist, and to report prompt y to the Health-officer any and all nuisances injurious to health; and the inspectors of streets shall perform such other duties and special inspections as may be directed by the Health-officer.
Inspector to inspect
SEC. 4. That it shall be the duty of each inspector of food to attend the market or markets within his
SEC. 5. That it shall be the duty of the inspector of live-stock to carefully inspect all cattle, hogs, sheep, or other animals intended to be killed and sold for consumption as food in the cities of Washing ton and Georgetown, and to condemn all such as may be diseased, or from any other cause rendered unfit for food; and it is hereby made the duty of said inspector to brand with the letter "C" all cattle, hogs, sheep, or other animals condemned as aforesaid, and said Inspector shall report his official proceedings daily to the Health-officer.
SEC. 6. That it shall be the duty of the inspector of fish and other marine products to examine and inspect all fish, oysters, clams, lobsters, and other marine products, landing by boat, arriving by rail, or otherwise brought by any person or persons into the cities of Washington and Georgetown; and if, upon such inspection, said inspector shall find any of the said marine products to be in an unsound, diseased, or unwholesome condition, it shall be his duty to prohibit their sale; and the said inspector of fish is hereby authorized, empowered, and directed to condemn, seize, and remove any unsound, diseased, or unwholesome fish, oysters, clams, lobsters, crabs, or other marine products which may be offered for sale as food within the cities of Washington and Georgetown.
-to inspect livestock.
to inspect fish.
Powers of fish in
SEC. 7. That in the performance of the duties herein prescribed the Inspector of Fish shall be, and is hereby, authorized and empowered to board all boats, vessels, steamboats, and cars, and to stop all spector. vehicles believed by him to contain fish or other marine products, for the purpose of enforcing the provis ions of this ordinance, and said Inspector shall report his official proceedings daily to the Health-officer. SEC. 8. That upon any cattle, meat, birds, fowls, fish or other marine products, vegetables, or other Proceedings when articles of food being found by any inspector or other officer of the Board of Health in a condition which meat, &c., is found unis, in his judgment, unwholesome, and unfit for use as human food, or in a condition or of a quality wholesome. forbidden by the ordinances of this Board, but with respect to the quality and condition of which articles of food said Inspector or other officer may be in doubt, he shall forbid the sale thereof, and order that the same be set aside, and shall at once notify the Health-officer of such action; and if, upon inspection, the Health-officer shall concur in the judgment of the Inspector or other officer aforesaid, said Health-officer shall prohibit the sale and order the removal of said articles, according to the regu lations of the Board of Health; and if the Health-officer shall not concur in the judgment of the Inspector or other officer aforesaid, the sale of said articles shall be allowed. But if, upon inspection, the Health-officer is in doubt as to whether said articles should be condemned or not, then the committee on food-inspections of the Board of Health shall decide whether or not said articles shall be condemned and the sale thereof forbidden: Provided, That no article of food, in a decayed or offensive condition, shall be allowed to remain where found, but the same shall be caused to be removed forthwith by the inspector or officer aforesaid, according to the rules and regulations of the Board of Health.
SEC. 9. That any person who shall molest, hinder, or in any manner prevent said Health-officer or Penalty for hinderany inspector appointed by this Board from performing any duty imposed upon him or them by the ing, &c.. health officer provisions of this ordinance, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty nor more than one and inspector. hundred dollars for each and every such offense.
To amend section 10 of the code, so as to read:
Drain pipes; when declared nuisances, &c.
SECTION 10. And be it further ordained and enacted, That drain-pipes, soil-pipes, or passages into sewers, which are of inadequate and insufficient size, or which are not provided with proper sewer- declared nuisances, traps, within the District of Columbia, are hereby declared nuisances, injurious to health; and any &c. person or persons, whether owner or tenant (board, department, or corporation officer,) using or pos sessing any drain-pipe, soil-pipe, passage or connection between any sewer and any ground, building, or place of business, who shall fail to make such drain-pipe, soil-pipe, passage or connection of adequate or sufficient size to allow the free and entire passage of all that enters or should enter the same, and provide them with proper sewer-traps; and who shall fail, after notice duly served upon him, to supply such pipes of adequate and sufficient size, and provided with proper sewer-traps, shall be deemed guilty of keeping and maintaining a nuisance, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than ten dollars. July 30, 1875.
To amend ordinance passed May 13, 1873, to read as follows:
SECTION 1. That all water-closets and privies connected with any house, building, or premises within Water-closets; when
To prevent committing or creating nuisances in or about public urinal or urinals located within the cities of Washington and Georgetown.
Be it ordained, &c.,
Obstructions, &c., to urinals.
That faecal matter deposited in or about any public urinal or urinals located within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, defecating in or about said urinal or urinals, or obstructing the same in any manner or by any means whatever, are hereby declared to be nuisances, injurious to health, and any person convicted of committing or creating either of said nuisances shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars for every such offense.
Obstructions, &c., to
December 28, 1876.
Small-pox: the dis
Care of sick-room.
[Par 1.] The essential nature of small-pox is to diffuse itself, and, under certain favorable conditions, it is not only communicable from person to person, but capable of being transported to great distances. To prevent the propagation of the specific poison, the following sanitary regulations have been adopted by the Board of Health and approved by the Governor of the District of Columbia:
[Par. 2.] Parents and guardians shall cause their children and wards to be vaccinated before they attain the age of two years, and revaccinated whenever the Board of Health shall, after five years from the last vaccination, require it.
The Board of Health hereby orders and requires the vaccination of all the inhabitants in the District of Columbia, and, whenever in their opinion the public health demands it, the revaccination of all persons who do not furnish satisfactory evidence that they have been successfully vaccinated or revaccinated within five years.
The Board of Health will furnish the means of vaccination to such persons as are unable to pay for the same. For this purpose the physicians to the poor, or their assistants, will be directed to vaccinate the poor gratuitously; and, whenever the exigency requires it, physicians will be employed to go from house to house for the purpose of vaccinating all people who need vaccination.
Principals of incorporated manufacturing companies, superintendents of almshouses, reform and industrial schools, lunatic-hospitals, and of all other charities where the poor and sick are received; masters of houses of correction, jailers, keepers of prisons, and directors or officers of all institutions supported or aided by the District of Columbia, shall, at the expense of their respective corporations or institutions, cause all inmates thereof to be vaccinated immediately upon their admission thereto, unless they produce sufficient evidence of previous successful vaccination having taken place within five years. [Par. 3.) Small-pox being eminently contagious and infectious, isolation forms an imperative necessity for the prevention of its propagation. Whenever, therefore, a case of small-pox occurs in a dwelling containing more than two inhabitants, it shall be the duty of the head of the family to select the most remote apartment for the occupancy of the person afflicted with small-pox-the highest room in the dwelling to be preferred.
And whenever, in a tenement-house and lodging-house, boarding-house, or hotel, the person afflicted by the small-pox cannot be isolated to the satisfaction of the Health-officer, said person shall be removed to the small-pox hospital by agents employed for the purpose by the Board of Health.
[Par. 4.] Wherever a case of small-pox breaks out in any dwelling or place, the warning-flag (made of yellow flannel) shall be attached to, and exposed from, the premises occupied by said case, as a warning to the passer-by of the presence of small-pox in that locality And if the yellow flag be not immediately attainable, a placard, on which is written, in large and legible letters, "Small-pox here," shall be fastened upon an exposed part of the infected house or dwelling.
[Par. 5.] It shall be the duty of those in whose dwellings small-pox occurs to fumigate the house, and the room of the patient, with sulphur three times a day; to cleanse and disinfect every part of the dwelling by the free use of chlorinated soda, carbolic acid, bromo chloralum, or such other disinfectant as the Board of Health may direct.
A cloth of the size of a square yard, steeped in a solution of chlorinated soda, carbolic acid, or bromo chloralum, shall be hung in the patient's room and kept constantly saturated with the said disinfectants. [Par. 6. The room of the patient shall be kept thoroughly ventilated, and no other person than a nurse who has had the small-pox, or a member of the family, shall be allowed to enter the same. Persons being in attendance upon the sick shall not come in contact with other inmates or persons, unless they have been previously properly fumigated and disinfected, and have changed the clothing worn by them while in the sick-room.
It shall be the duty of said attendants to see that no clothing is conveyed from the sick-room that has not been previously disinfected and fumigated. And, moreover, all clothing in said room, or worn by the patient while affected by small-pox, shall be kept distinct and separate, and shall be given out to be washed only to persons who have had the small-pox, the fact to be stated in every instance that they are from a small-pox patient, and must, therefore, be kept and washed separately. Notice to Board of [Par.7.] It is the duty of every good citizen immediately to notify the Board of Health of every case Health. of small-pox coming to his knowledge. But it is especially enjoined by law upon the proprietors of tenement-houses, lodging-houses, boarding-houses, and hotels, to notify the Board of Health of the pres ence of small-pox in their respective abodes, under penalty of fine and imprisonment, and this law against all persons concerned will be strictly enforced. [Par. 8.] It shall be the duty of the citizen to immediately notify the Board of Health of the death of any person from small-pox, of which he may have knowledge, and no one except such as may have had the small-pox, and the officers of the Board of Health assigned to that duty shall take charge of, dress, or bury the body of the person who has thus died.
Small-pox ambu lances, inspectors, and drivers.
The interment of persons dying from small-pox shall take place within six hours after death, or as soon as the circumstances of the case will allow; and no person who has died of small-pox shall be buried in private or public cemeteries or burying-grounds without a permit from the Board of Health, a member of the same, or the Health-officer.
Whenever funeral obsequies may be desired, the body shall be placed in a hermetically-sealed metal coffin, and no person will he allowed to be present at said obsequies or follow the corpse to the grave except the nearest kin-relations; and under no circumstances shall a corpse infected with small-pox be taken to a church or meeting-house, but it shall be conveyed directly from the house to the grave. When people are so poor as to be unable to incur the expense of coffin and burial, any undertaker appointed to furnish coffins to the poor shail provide the coffin, and in every case shall take the same to the house in which the corpse lies, but shall not place said corpse in the coffin, or take any part in laying out the dead, unless he has had the small-pox, and properly fumigated and disinfected his clothing. The laying out of the body and the burial shall be done by the officers appointed for that purpose by the Board of Health.
[Par. 9.] The small-pox ambulances shall be kept at the small-pox hospital.
The ambulance shall be accompanied by an inspector whenever needed for the removal of small-pox patients or otherwise.
The inspector accompanying the ambulance and the driver are forbidden from entering street-cars or any public conveyance.
They shall also keep a suit of clothing to wear during the service of removing small-pox patients; said suit of clothing to be kept fumigated and disinfected at all times, and under no circumstances shall they wear the said clothing when off duty.
The inspector attending to small-pox patients and the driver of the ambulance shall, until otherwise ordered, wear a linen suit while on duty.
The inspector detailed to attend to the removal of small-pox patients shall fumigate and disinfect the dwellings where small-pox cases occur. He shall see that the clothing is properly disinfected, packed up, carried safely to the almshouse, and destroyed. He shall keep an account of the clothes or furniture of poor persons which have been destroyed, the probable value of the same, and the names of the parties to whom they belong, and give a receipt for the same.
Under no circumstances shall the ambulance be allowed to tarry in the streets, except for such length of time as will be required to remove the patient or the body.
The ambulance shall not be taken to any place for repair; but, if repair is needed, a person having had the small-pox shall be engaged to mend it at its regular depository.
In driving the ambulance to any point, care shall be taken to avoid crowded streets, school-houses, or frequented places. The driver shall, as far as practicable, keep out of crowded thoroughfares, and shall avoid meeting or passing any procession, funeral, or large concourse of people.
The inspector shall display the yellow flag from every dwelling containing small-pox; and if said flag be taken away without authority, the Health-officer must be immediately notified of the fact.
The inspector of each district shall be notified of the presence and locality of small-pox cases in his district; and it shall be his duty to see that the quarantine regulations relating to houses having the small-pox within are properly enforced, and that no person exposed to the contagion be allowed to go out of the dwelling or come in contact with any other person.
The inspector shall, in an urbane manner, inform the people of the quarantine regulations imposed by the Board of Health regarding small-pox, but shall cause no unnecessary hardship.
The inspector detailed to attend to the small-pox shall first ascertain whether the case can be isolated in the dwelling, so as not to expose the other inmates to the disease.
Whenever a patient in a tenement, lodging house, boarding-house or hotel is so situated that he cannot be isolated from other inmates, he or she shall be removed and taken to the hospital; and if any person interferes with the execution of this order, or the patient refuses to obey, the law shall be enforced against such person or persons.
If it come to the knowledge of any inspector that cases of small-pox are kept in tenement-houses. lodging-houses, boarding-houses, or hotels without the proper notice having been given to the Board of Health as required by law, the inspector shall make immediate report to the Health officer, stating the name of the person or persons causing or abetting in the violation of this law.
In all cases where there is doubt whether a person is really afficted with small-pox, a physician's opinion should be secured before removing the patient.
The inspector shall see that the rules regarding the interment of persons who die of small-pox be
The foregoing rules and regulations are made and promulgated by the Board of Health of the District
It shall be the duty of every physician resident of the District of Columbia, or otherwise, attending upon any person affected by small-pox within said District, to report to the Board of Health said case of ing small-pox patients. small-pox within twelve hours after his first visit and discovery of the discase of said person; the name and residence of said person; and whether the room or residence in which said person may be situated and attended has been and is fumigated and disinfected according to the "rules and regulations" aforesaid.
All school trustees, school teachers, or others having authority, are forbidden to receive into or allow to attend any school, public or private, within the District of Columbia, any pupil not vaccinated, as required by the "rules and regulations" heretofore made and promulgated by this board. February 14, 1873.
Regulations to prevent the spread of small-pox.
To secure a full and correct record of vital statistics, including the registration of marriages, births, and deaths, the interment, disinterment, and removal of the dead in the District of Columbia.
Registrar of vital
[First.] It is hereby ordered by the Board of Health of the District of Columbia, that there shall be
Second, that it shall be the duty of every clergyman, magistrate, or other person who shall perform - marriages to be re-
births of children to
Third. That any physician, accoucheur, midwife, or other person in charge who shall attend, assist,
See below after regu
deaths to be report
Fourth. That whenever any person shall die within the District of Columbia it shall be the duty of
Fifth. That no interment or disinterment of the dead body of any human being, or disposition
and authorized to be used as such.
Dead bodies not to be carried through District without permit.
Sixth. That no dead body, or part of the dead body of any human being shall be in any manner carried or conveyed from, in, to, or through the District of Columbia, by any person, or by means of any boat, vessel, car, stage, or other vehicle, or by public or private conveyance, without a permit therefor first granted by the Board of Health of said District; and when the remains of any deceased person are to be conveyed, transferred, or removed beyond the limits of the District of Columbia, it shall be the duty of the person, or agent or officer of the corporation having charge of the conveyance, transfer, or removal, to detach, sign, and return the coupon attached to said permit to the Registrar of Vital Statistics of the Board of Health aforesaid, before 5 o'clock p. m. of the Saturday following the conveyance, transfer, or removal of said remains; Provided, That the same effect may be given by said board to a burial or transit permit issued by the proper authority of any other place or jurisdiction, when the death of the person named in the permit shall have occurred within such place or jurisdiction. Seventh. That whenever a permit for burial is applied for, in case of death without the attendance of a physician, or if it be impossible to obtain a physician's certificate, it shall be the duty of the Healthofficer to investigate the cause and circumstances of such death, to make and sign the certificate required by section 4 of these regulations, and if not satisfied as to the cause and circumstances of such death, he shall so report to the Board of Health, who shall refer the case to the coroner of the District for investigation and report, and said coroner is hereby required to make such investigation and report. Physicians, mid- Eighth. That it shall be the duty of every physician, accoucheur, midwife, undertaker, sexton or wives, sextons, &c., to superintendent of any cemetery, or other person having charge of the same, practicing medicine or register their names. doing business within the District of Columbia, to register his or her name in a book or books to be provided for such purpose, at the office of the Board of Health of said District, giving full name, residence, and place of business, and in case of removal from one place to another in said District, to make change in said register accordingly.
Health-officer to investigate cause of death in certain cases.
When takes effect.
Registered physi cians to be graduates of medical schools. Meaning of term "physical condition."
Enforcement of reg. ulations.
Ninth. That any person who shall violate, or aid and abet in violating, any of the provisions of the foregoing regulations, shall, upon conviction thereof by competent judicial authority, be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five nor more than two hundred dollars for each and every such offense. Tenth. That all rules, regulations, and ordinances heretofore passed by this Board inconsistent with the provisions of these regulations be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
Eleventh. That these regulations shall take effect and be in force on and after the first day of
[First.] It is hereby ordered that physicians required to register their names under the 8th regula tion of the Board, to secure a full and correct record of vital statistics, do so upon a license received from some ehartered medical society or upon a diploma received from some medical school or institution. Second. That the expression "physical condition," as employed in the statute heretofore enacted by the legislative assembly of the District, and incorporated in the 3d regulation, be defined as follows: "The general physical condition, whether healthy or unhealthy." But in no case will the Board require in the enforcement of this rule that sick-bed or confidential communications made to physicians bo revealed in the report required by this 3d regulation.
Third. That on and after the 15th day of next month, by which time all physicians of the city may have registered according to the requirements of the Board, the regulation with regard to penalties be rigidly enforced; and that up to that date the regulation with regard thereto, as far as any violations thereof have occurred, and as far as this Board is concerned, as prosecutors, the same be not enforced. [August 28, 1874.]
May 8, 1880. 21 Stat. L., 306.
Public documents to be fur
nished at cost, &c. R. S., § 3809.
JOINT RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE PUBLIC PRINTER TO PRINT ADDITIONAL COPIES
Public documents furnished at cost, &c.
Resolved, &c., That the Public Printer be and he is hereby directed to furnish to all applicants copies of bills and reports and other public documents hereafter printed by order of Congress and distributed from the Document Rooms of the Senate and House on said applicants paying the cost of such printing with ten per centum added, and giving the notice required by section thirty-eight hundred and nine of Title fortyfive of the Revised Statutes. [May 8, 1880.]
June 7, 1880.
21 Stat. L., 308.
JOINT RESOLUTION TO PROVIDE FOR THE PUBLICATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF A SUP-
Supplement to Revised Statutes to be prepared
-distribution to members of the Forty-sixth Congress.
-to be prima facie evidence.
Resolved, &c., That the Supplement to the Revised Statutes, embracing Revised Statutes the statutes general and permanent in their nature passed after the Reto be prepared and vised Statutes with references connecting provisions on the same subpublished. ject, explanatory notes, citations of judicial decisions, and a general index, prepared by William A. Richardson, be stereotyped at the Government Printing Office; and the index and plates thereof and all right and title therein and thereto shall be in and fully belong to the government for its exclusive use and benefit.