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SIR THOMAS ELYOT.
was full nigh a dozen times every year, what floods of harness, and other like. The moderate exercise is tears there issued forth of her eyes!
long walking or going a journey. The parts of the body have sundry exercises appropried unto them; as running and going is the most proper for the legs ;
moving of the arms up and down, or stretching them SIR THOMAS Elyor, an eminent physician of the out and playing with weapons, serveth most for the reign of Henry VIII., by whom he was employed arms and shoulders ; stooping and rising often times, in several embassies, was the author of a popular or lifting great weights, taking up plummets or other professional work, entitled The Castle of Health, in like poises on the ends of staves, and in likewise liftwhich many sound precepts are delivered with re- ing up in every hand a spear or morrispike by the ends, spect to diet and regimen. Of his other productions, specially crossing the hands, and to lay them down it is unnecessary to mention any but that entitled again in their places; these do exercise the back and The Governor, devoted chiefly to the subject of edu- loins. Of the bulk (chest) and lungs, the proper exercation. He recommends, as Montaigne and Locke cise is moving of the breath in singing or crying. The have subsequently done, that children be taught entrails, which be underneath the midriff, be exercised to speak Latin from their infancy; and he depre- by blowing either by constraint or playing on shalms cates “cruel and yrousl schoolmasters, by whom or sackbuts, or other like instruments which do rethe wits of children be dulled, whereof we need no quire much wind. The muscles are best exercised better author to witness than daily experience.' with holding of the breath in a long time, so that he Mr Hallam observes, in reference to this passage, which doth exercise hath well digested his meat, and that all testimonies concur to this savage ill-treat is not troubled with much wind in his body. Finally, ment of boys in the schools of this period. The loud reading, counterfeit battle, tennis or throwing fierceness of the Tudor government, the religious the ball, running, walking, adde[d] to shooting, intolerance, the polemical brutality, the rigorous which, in mine opinion, exceeds all the other, do es justice, when justice it was, of our laws, seem to ercise the body commodiously. Alway remember that have engendered a hardness of character, which the end of violent exercise is difficulty in fetching of displayed itself in severity of discipline, when it did the breath ; of moderate exercise alteration of breath not even reach the point of arbitrary or malignant only, or the beginning of sweat. Moreover, in winter, cruelty.'* Sir Thomas Elyot lived on terms of in- running and wrestling is convenient; in summer, timacy with Leland, the antiquary, and Sir Thomas wrestling a little, but not running ; in very cold weaMore. He died in 1546.
ther, much walking ; in hot weather rest is more ex, The following passage in The Castle of Ilealth in- pedient. They which seem to have inoist bodies, and dicates the great attention which was paid to the live in idleness, they have need of violent exercise. strengthening of the body by exercise, before the They which are lean and choleric must walk softly, use of fire-arms had become universal in war:
and exercise themself very temperately. The plummets, called of Galen alteres, which are now much
used with great men, being of equal weight and ac[Different kinds of Exercise.]
cording to the strength of him that exerciseth, are The quality of exercise is the diversity thereof, for very good to be used. as much as therein be many differences in moving, and also some exercise moveth more one part of the
HUGH LATIMER. body, some another. In difference of moving, some is slow or soft, some is swift or fast, some is strong or At this period Hugh LATIMER distinguished himviolent, some be mixed with strength and swiftness.self as a zealous reformer, not less than Sir Thomas Strong or violent exercises be these ; delving (spe- More did on the opposite side. He was educated cially in tough clay and heavy), bearing or sustaining in the Romish faith, but afterwards becoming acof heavy burdens, climbing or walking against a steep quainted with Thomas Bilney, a celebrated defender upright hill, holding a rope and climbing up thereby, of the doctrines of Luther, he saw reason to alter hanging by the hands on any thing above a man's his opinions, and boldly maintained in the pulpit the reach, that his feet touch not the ground, standing views of the Protestant party. His preaching at and holding up or spreading the arms, with the hands Cambridge gave great offence to the Catholic clergy, fast closed, and abiding so a long time. Also to hold at whose instigation Cardinal Wolsey instituted a the arms stedfast, causing another man to essay to court of bishops and deacons to execute the laws pull them out, and notwithstanding he keepeth his against heretics. Before this court Bilney and arm stedfast, enforcing thereunto the sinews and mus- Latimer were summoned, when the recantation of cles. Wrestling also with the arms and legs, if the the former, who was considered the principal man, persons be equal in strength, it doth exercise the one caused both to be set at liberty. Bilney afterwards and the other ; if the one be stronger, then is [it] to disclaimed his abjuration, and was burnt. This, the weaker a more violent exercise. All these kinds however, nowise abated the boldness of Latimer, of exercises and other like them do augment strength, who continued to preach openly, and even wrote a and therefore they serve only for young men which letter to Henry VIII., remonstrating against the be inclined or be apt to the wars. Swift exercise prohibition of the use of the Bible in English. This, without violence is running, playing with weapons, although it failed to produce the desired result, tennis or throwing of the ball, trotting a space of seems to have given no offence to Henry, who soon ground forward and backward, going on the toes and afterwards presented Latimer to a living in Wiltholding up the hands ; also, stirring up and down his shire, and in 1535 appointed him bishop of Worcester. arms without plummets. Vehement exercise is com- After the fall of Anne Boleyn, the passing in parpound of violent exercise and swift, when they are liament of the six articles establishing the doctrines joined together at one time, as dancing or galiards, of popery, induced him to resign his bishopric. throwing of the ball and running after it ; foot-ball During the latter part of Henry's reign, he suffered play may be in the number thereof, throwing of the imprisonment; but being liberated after the acceslong dart and continuing it many times, running in sion of Edward VI., he became popular at court as
a preacher, but never could be prevailed on to re* Introduction to the Literature of the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, sume his episcopal functions. In Mary's reign, and Seventeenth Centuries, i. 554.
when measures were taken for the restoration of
popery, Latimer was summoned before the council, and desired me for God's sake to hear his confession ; and, though allowed an opportunity of escape, I did so ; and, to say the very truth, by his confession readily obeyed the citation, exclaiming, as he passed I learned more than before in niany years; so from through Smithfield, “This place has long groaned that time forward I began to smell the word of God, for me.' After a tedious imprisonment, he persisted and forsook the school-doctors and such fooleries. in refusing to subscribe certain articles which were Now after I had been acquainted with him, I went submitted to him, and suffered at the stake in 1555, with him to visit the prisoners in the tower at Camexclaiming to his fellow-martyr, Bishop Ridley, bridge, for he was ever visiting prisoners and sick folk.
Be of good comfort, Doctor Ridley, and play the So we went together, and exhorted them as well as we man: we shall this day light such a candle, by were able to do; minding them to patience, and to God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be acknowledge their faults. Among other prisoners, put out.' His sermons, a collection of which was there was a woman which was accused that she had published in 1570, are remarkable for a familiarity killed her child, which act she plainly and steadfastly and drollery of style, which, though it would now denied, and could not be brought to confess the acto; be reckoned very singular in the pulpit, was highly which denying gave us occasion to search for the matpopular in his own time, and produced a wonderful ter, and so we did ; and at length we found that her impression on his hearers. Cranmer and he were husband loved her not, and therefore he sought means instrumental in effecting a great improvement in to make her out of the way. The matter was thus:the quality of clerical discourses, by substituting
A child of hers had been sick by the space of a year, topics connected with moral duties for what was then and so decayed, as it were, in a consumption. At the common subject-matter of sermons; namely, length it died in harvest time ; she went to her neighincredible and often ridiculous legendary tales of bours and other friends to desire their help to prepare saints and martyrs, and accounts of miracles wrought the child for burial; but there was nobody at home, for the confirmation of doctrines of the Catholic every man was in the field. The woman, in a heavichurch. The following extracts from Latimer's ness and trouble of spirit, went, and being herself sermons will give an idea of his style and peculiar alone, prepared the child for burial. Her husband manner
coming home, not having great love towards her, accused her of the murder, and so she was taken and
brought to Cambridge. But as far forth as I could [4 Yeoman of Henry VII's time.] learn, through earnest inquisition, I thought in my
conscience the woman was not guilty, all the circumMy father was a yeoman, and had no lands of his stances well considered. own, only he had a farm of £3 or £4 by year at the
Immediately after this, I was called to preach before uttermost, and hereupon he tilled so much as kept the king, which was my first sermon that I made behalf a dozen men. He had walk for an hundred sheep, fore his majesty, and it was done at Windsor ; where and my mother milked thirty kine. He was able, his majesty, after the sermon was done, did most famiand did find the king a harness, with himself and his liarly talk with me in a gallery. Now, when I saw horse, while he came to the place that he should my time, I kneeled down before his majesty, opening receive the king's wages. I can remember that I the whole matter, and afterwards most humbly desired buckled bis harness when he went to Blackheath field. his majesty to pardon that woinan. For I thought in He kept me to school, or else I had not been able to my conscience she was not guilty, or else I would not bave preached before the king's majesty now. He for all the world sue for a murderer. The king most married my sisters with £5 or 20 nobles a-piece, so graciously heard my humble request, insomuch that that he brought them up in godliness and fear of i had a pardon ready for her at my returning homeGod. He kept hospitality for his poor neighbours. ward. In the mean season, that woman was delivered And some alıns he gave to the poor, and all this did of a child in the tower of Cambridge, whose godfather he of the said farm. Where he that now hath it, I was, and Mistress Cheek was godmother. But all payeth £16 by the year, or more, and is not able to that time I hid my pardon, and told her nothing of do any tbing for his prince, for himself, nor for his it, only exhorting her to confess the truth. At length children, or give a cup of drink to the poor.
the time came when she looked to suffer; I came as In my time my poor father was as diligent to teach I was wont to do, to instruct her ; she made great me to shoot, as to learn me any other thing, and so I moan to me. So we travailed with this woman till think other men did their children : he taught me
we brought her to a good opinion ; and at length how to draw, how to lay my body in my bow, and not showed her the king's pardon, and let her go. to draw with strength of arms as divers other nations
This tale I told you by this occasion, that though do, but with strength of the body. I had my bows some women be very unnatural, and forget their chil. bought me according to my age and strength ; as I dren, yet when we hear any body so report, we should increased in them, so my bows were made bigger and not be too hasty in believing the tale, but rather susbigger, for men shall never shoot well, except they be pend our judgments till we know the truth. brought up in it: it is a worthy game, a wholesome kind of exereise, and much commended in physic.
[Cause and Efect.) (Hasty Judgment.]
Here now I remember an argument of Master
More’s, which he bringeth in a book that he made Here I have occasion to tell you a story which hap- against Bilney, and here, by the way, I will tell you pened at Cambridge. Master Bilney, or rather Saint a merry toy. Master More was once sent in commisBilney, that suffered death for God's word's sake, the sion into Kent, to help to try out, if it might be, kame Bilney was the instrument whereby God called what was the cause of Goodwin sands and the shelf me to knowledge, for I may thank him, next to God, that stopped up Sandwich haven. Thither cometh for that knowledge that I have in the word of God. Master More, and calleth the country before him, For I was as obstinate a papist as any was in England, such as were thought to be men of experience, and insomuch that, when I should be made Bachelor of men that could of likelihood best certity him of that Divinity, my whole oration went against Philip Me- matter concerning the stopping of Sandwich haven. lanethon and against his opinions. Bilney heard me Among others came in before him an old man with a at that tirce, and perceived that I was zealous without white head, and one that was thought to be little less knowledge ; he cane to me ufterward in my study, than a hundred years old. When Master More saw
this aged man, he thought it expedient to hear him Now these shepherds, I say, they watch the whole
to feed his sheep. But our clergymen do declare
not his flock. If they had earnest love to Christ, no
doubt they would show their love, they would feed I pray you to whom was the nativity of Christ first his sheep. opened ? To the bishops or great lords which were at * And the shepherds returned lauding and praising that time at Bethlehem? Or to those jolly damsels with God, for all the things that they had heard and seen, their fardingales, with their round-abouts, or with their &c. They were not made religious men, but returned bracelets ? No, no, they had too many lets to trim again to their business and to their occupation. Here and dress themselves, so that they could have no time we learn every man to follow his occupation and roto hear of the nativity of Christ; their minds were so cation, and not to leave the same, except God call occupied otherwise, that they were not allowed to hear him from it to another, for God would have every of him. But his nativity was revealed first to the man to live in that order that he hath ordained for shepherds, and it was revealed unto them in the night. him. And no doubt the man that plieth his occutime, when every body was at rest ; then they heard | pation truly, without any fraud or deceit, the same is this joyful tidings of the saviour of the world ; for acceptable to God, and he shall have everlasting these shepherds were keeping their sheep in the nightlife. season from the wolf and other beasts, and from the We read a pretty story of St Anthony, which being fox; for the sheep in that country do lamb two times in the wilderness, led there a very hard and strait in the year, and therefore it was needful for the sheep life, in so much as none at that time did the like; to to have a shepherd to keep them. And here note the whom came a voice from heaven saying : Anthony, diligence of these shepherds ; for whether the sheep thou art not so perfect as is a cobbler that dwelleth at were their own, or whether they were servants, I cannot Alexandria. Anthony, hearing this, rose up forthwith, tell, for it is not expressed in the book ; but it is most and took his staff and went till he came to Alexanlike they were servants, and their masters had put dria, where he found the cobbler. The cobbler was them in trust to keep their sheep. Now, if these shep- astonished to see so reverend a father come to his herds had been deceitful fellows, that when their house. Then Anthony said unto him, come and tell nunsters had put them in trust to keep their sheep, me thy whole conversation, and how thou spendest they had been drinking in the alehouse all night, as thy time ? Sir, said the cobbler, as for me, good works some of our servants do now-a-days, surely the angel have I none ; for my life is but simple and slender. had not appeared unto them to have told them this I am but a poor cobbler ; in the morning, when I rise, great joy and good tidings. And here all servants ! pray for the whole city wherein I dwell, specially may learn by these shepherds, to serve truly and dili- for all such neighbours and poor friends as I have. gently unto their masters ; in what business soever After, 1 set me at my labour, when I spend the whole they are set to do, let them be painful and diligent, day in getting my living, and I keep me from all like as Jacob was unto his master Laban. O what á falsehood, for I hate nothing so much as I do deceitpainful, faithful, and trusty man was he! He was fulness : wherefore, when I make to any man a proday and night at his work, keeping his sheep truly, mise, I keep it, and perform it truly, and thus I spend as he was put in trust to do ; and when any chance my time poorly, with my wife and children, whom I happened that any thing was lost, he made it good teach and instruct, as far as my wit will serve me, to and restored it again of his own. So likewise was fear and dread God. And this is the sum of my Elcazarus a painful man, a faithful and trusty ser- simple life. vant. Such a servant was Joseph in Egypt to his In this story, you see how God loveth those that master Potiphar. So likewise was Daniel unto his follow their vocation and live uprightly, without any master the king. But I pray you where are these ser- falsehood in their dealing: This Anthony was a great rants now-a-days ? Indeed, I fear me there be but holy man, yet this cobbler was as much esteemed very few of such faithful servants,
before God as he.
[The Invention of Printing.) whose adoption of the reformed opinions brought What man soever was the instrument (whereby this them into trouble, was born at Boston in 1517. He invention was made), without all doubt God himself studied at Oxford, where he applied himself with was the ordainer and disposer thereof, no otherwise extreme industry and ardour to the study of divi- than he was of the gift of tongues, and that for a nity, and in particular to the investigation of those similar purpose. And well may this gift of printing controverted points which were then engaging so be resembled to the gift of tongues : for like as God much of the public attention. So close was his then spake with many tongues, and yet all that would application to his studies, that he entirely withdrew not turn the Jews ; so now, when the Holy Ghost from company, and often sat up during the greater speaketh to the adversaries in innumerable sorts of part of the night. Becoming convinced of the errors books, yet they will not be converted, nor turn to the of popery, he avowed his conversion when examined gospel. on a charge of heresy in 1545, and was, in conse- Now to consider to what end and purpose the Lord quence, expelled from his college. After this, being hath given this gift of printing to the earth, and to deserted by his friends, he was reduced to great what great utility and necessity it serveth, it is not poverty, till a Warwickshire knight engaged him hard to judge, who so wisely perpendeth both the as tutor to his family. Towards the end of the reign time of the sending, and the sequel which thereof of Henry VIII., he went to London, where he might ensueth. have perished for want, had not relief been admi- And first, touching the time of this faculty given nistered to him by some unknown person, who seems to the use of man, this is to be marked : that when to have been struck with his wretched appearance as the bishop of Rome with all and full the consent of when sitting in St Paul's Cathedral. Soon after, the cardinals, patriarchs, archbishops, bishops, abbots, he was fortunate enough to obtain employment as priors, lawyers, doctors, provoses, deans, archdeacons, tutor in the Duchess of Richmond's family at Rye. assembled together in the Council of Constance, had gate, in Surrey, where he continued till the persecu- condemned poor John Huss and Hierome of Prague to tions of Mary's reign made him flee for safety to death for heresy, notwithstanding they were no herethe continent. Proceeding through Antwerp and tics; and after they had subdued the Bohemians, and Strasburg to Basle, he there supported himself by all the whole world under the supreme authority of correcting the press for Oporinus, a celebrated printer. the Romish see ; and had made all Christian people At the accession of Queen Elizabeth, he returned obedienciaries and vassals unto the same, having (as to England, and was kindly received and provided one would say) all the world at their will, so that the for by the Duke of Norfolk, who had been his pupil matter now was past not only the power of all men, at Ryegate. Through other powerful friends, he but the hope also of any man to be recovered : in this might now have obtained considerable preferment; very time so dangerous and desperate, when man's but, entertaining conscientious scruples as to the power could do no more, there the blessed wisdom and articles which it was necessary to subscribe, and omnipotent power of the Lord began to work for his disapproving of some of the ceremonies of the church, church, not with sword and target to subdue his he declined the offers made to him, except that of exalted adversary, but with printing, writing, and a prebend in the church of Salisbury, which he reading to convince darkness by light, error by truth, accepted with some reluctance. He died in 1587, ignorance by learning. So that by this means of much respected for the piety, modesty, humanity; printing, the sccret operation of God hath heaped and conscientiousness of his character, as well as upon that proud kingdom a double confusion. For his extensive acquirements in ecclesiastical anti- whereas the bishop of Rome had burned John Huss quities, and other branches of learning. Fox was his transubstantiation, nor his supremacy, nor yet his
before, and Hierome of Prague, who neither denied the author of a number of Latin treatises, chiefly popish mass, but said mass, and heard mass themon theological subjects ; but the work on which his selves ; neither spake against his purgatory, nor any fame rests, is his History of the Acts and Monuments other great matter of his popish doctrine, but only of the Church, popularly denominated Fox's Book exclaimed against his excessive and pompous pride, of Martyrs. This celebrated production, on which his unchristian or rather antichristian abomination of the author laboured for eleven years, was published life : thus while he could not abide his wickedness in 1563, under the title of • Acts and Monuments only of life to be touched, but made it heresy, or at of these latter perillous Days, touching matters of least matter of death, whatsoever was spoken against the Church, wherein are comprehended and de- his detestable conversation and manners, God of his scribed the great Persecutions and horrible Troubles secret judgment, seeing time to help his church, hath that have been wrought and practised by the Romish found a way by this faculty of printing, not only to Prelates, specially in this Realm of England and confound his life and conversation, which before he Scotland, from the year of our Lord a thousand, could not abide to be touched, but also to cast down unto the Time now present,' &c. It was received the foundation of his standing, that is, to examine, with great favour by the Protestants, but, of course, coufute, and detect his doctrine, laws, and institutions occasioned much exasperation among the opposite most detestable, in such sort, that though his life were party, who did all in their power to undermine its never so pure, yet his doctrine standing as it doth, no credit. That the author has frequently erred, and, man is so blind but may see, that either the pope is like other controversial writers of the time, some- antichrist, or else that antichrist is near cousin to the times lost his temper, and sullied his pages with pope : and all this doth, and will hereafter more and coarse language, cannot be denied; but that mis- more, appear by printing. takes have been wilfully or malignantly committed, The reason whereof is this : for that hereby tongues no one has been able to prove. As to what he are known, knowledge groweth, judgment encreaseth, derived from written documents, Bishop Burnet, in books are dispersed, the scripture is seen, the docton the preface to his History of the Reformation, be read, stories be opened, times compared, truth bears strong testimony in his favour, by declaring discerned, falsehood detected, and with finger pointed, that, “having compared those Acts and Monuments and all (as I said) through the benefit of printing. with the records, he had never been able to discover Wherefore I suppose, that either the pope must abolish any errors or prevarications in them, but the utmost printing, or he must seek a new world to reign over : fidelity and exactness.'
for else, as the world standeth, printing doubtless will
abolish him. But the pope, and all his college of car- poor artificers and occupiers. Again, what a zealous dinals, must this understand, that through the light defender she was of Christ's gospel, all the world doth of printing, the world beginneth now to have eyes to know, and her acts do and will declare to the world's see, and heads to judge. He cannot walk so invisible end. Amongst which other her acts, this is one, that in a net, but he will be spied. And although, through she placed Master Hugh Latinier in the bishopric of might, he stopped the mouth of John Huss before, and Worcester, and also preferred Doctor Sharton to his of Hierome, that they might not preach, thinking to bishopric, being then accounted a good man. Furthermake his kingdom sure ; yet, in stead of John Huss and more, what a true faith she bore unto the Lord, this one other, God hath opened the press to preach, whose example may stand for many: for that, when King voice the pope is never able to stop, with all the Henry was with her at Woodstock, and there being puissance of his triple crown. By this printing, as by afraid of an old blind prophecy, for the which, neither the gift of tongues, and as by the singular organ of the he nor other kings before him, durst hunt in the said Holy Ghost, the doctrine of the gospel soundeth to all park of Woodstock, nor enter into the town of Oxford, nations and countries under heaven: and what God at last, through the Christian, and faithful counsel revealeth to one man, is dispersed to many; and what of that queen, he was so armed against all infidelity, is known in one nation, is opened to all.
that both he hunted in the foresaid park, and also
entered into the town of Oxford, and had no harm. [The Death of Queen Anne Boleyn.]
But, because touching the memorable virtues of this
worthy queen, partly we have said something before, In certain records thus we find, that the king being partly because more also is promised to be declared in his justs at Greenwich, suddenly, with a few per- of her virtaous life (the Lord so permitting), by other sons, departed to Westminster, and the next day after who then were about her, I will cease in this matter Queen Anne his wife was had to the Tower, with the further to proceed. Lord Rochford, her brother, and certain other; and the nineteenth day after was beheaded. The words of this A notable History of William Hunter, a young man of worthy and Christian lady at her death were these :
19 years, pursued to death by Justice Brown for the • Good Christian people, I am come hither to die; for,
Gospel's sake, worthy of all young men and parents to according to the law, and by the law, I am judged to
be read. death, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I amcoine hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing
[In the first year of Queen Mary, William Hunter, apprenof that whereof I am accused and condemned to die; tice to a silk weaver in London, was discharged from his
master's employment, in consequence of his refusing to attend but I pray God save the king, and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler, or a more merciful prince wood, he attracted the attention of the spiritual authorities by
mass. Having returned to the house of his father at Bruntwas there never ; and to me he was a very good, a gentle, and a sovereign lord. And if any person will his reading a copy of the Scriptures. He was finally condemned
to die for heresy.) meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world, and of you
In the mean time William's father and mother all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. came to him, and desired heartily of God that he The Lord have mercy on me; to God I recommend might continue to the end, in that good way which he my soul.' And so she kneeled down, saying, to had begun, and his mother said to him, that she was Christ I commend my soul ; Jesus, receive my soul ;' glad that ever she was so happy to bear such a child, repeating the same divers times, till at length the which could find in his heart to lose his life for stroke was given, and her head was stricken off. Christ's name's sake.
And this was the end of that godly lady and queen. Then William said to his mother, ' For my little Godly I call her, for sundry respects, whatsoever the pain which I shall suffer, which is but a short braid, causé was, or quarrel objected against her. First, her Christ hath promised me, mother (said he), a crown last words spoken at her death declared no less, her sin- of joy : may you not be glad of that, mother? With cerc faith and trust in Christ, than did her quiet modesty that his mother kneeled down on her knees, saying, utter forth the goodness of the cause and inatter, what- 'I pray God strengthen thee, my son, to the end : soever it was. Besides that, to such as wisely can judge yea, I think thee as well-bestowed as any child that upon cases occurrent, this also may seem to give a great ever I bare.' clearing unto her, that the king, the third day after, At the which words, Master Higbed took her in his was married in his whites unto another. Certain this arms, saying, “I rejoice (and so said the others) to see was, that for the rare and singular gifts of her mind, you in this mind, and you have a good cause to re80 well instructed, and given toward God, with such joice.' And his father and mother both said, that a ferrent desire unto the truth, and setting forth of they were never of other mind, but prayed for him, sincere religion, joined with like gentleness, modesty, that, as he had begun to confess Christ before men, he and pity toward all men, there have not many such likewise might so continue to the end. William's queens before her borne the crown of England. Prin- father said, 'I was afraid of nothing, but that my cipally, this one commendation she left behind her, son should have been killed in the prison for hunger that during her life, the religion of Christ inost hap- and cold, the bishop was so hard to him. But William pily flourished, and had a right prosperous course. confessed, after a month that his father was charged
Many things might be written more of the mani. with his board, that he lacked nothing, but had meat fold virtues, and the quiet moderation of her mild and clothing enough, yea, even out of the court, both nature ; how lowly she would bear, not only to be money, meat, clothes, wood, and coals, and all things admonished, but also of her own accord, would re- necessary, quire her chaplains, plainly and freely to tell what- Thus they continued in their inn, being the Swan soever they saw in her amiss. Also, how bountiful | in Bruntwood, in a parlour, whither resorted many she was to the poor, passing not only the poor example people of the country to see those good men which of other queens, but also the revenues almost of her were there; and many of William's acquaintance estate : insomuch, that the alms which she gave in came to him, and reasoned with him, and he with three quarters of a year, in distribution, is summed them, exhorting them to come away from the abomito the number of fourteen or fifteen thousand pounds; nation of Popish superstition and idolatry. besides the great piece of money, which her Grace Thus passing away Saturday, Sunday, and Monday, intended to impart into four sundry quarters of the on Monday at night it happened, that William had a reali, as for a stock, there to be employed to the behoof | dream about two of the clock in the morning, which