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Ranunculus-Cheap Prize Flowers.

Superb Double Hollyhocks.


GREAT The planting season will soon be here,



ANNUAL DESCRIPTIVE and NEWLY LASSIFIED LIST is now ready, and will be forrarded to any address on receipt of one postage stamp.

WILLIAM CHATER, Nurseryman and Seedsman, Saffron Walden, Essex.

Now ready, in One handsome Volume, Royal 8vo,

cloth lettered, Price £1. 14s.,

BRITAIN. Illustrated by John E. SOWERBY,
Proprietor of “Sowerby's English Botany,” and Illus-
trator of the “Ferns of Great Britain," &c. Described,
with Observations on their Natural History and Uses,
by CHARLES JOUnson, Esq., Botanical Lecturer at
Guy's Hospital.
W. KENT & Co., 23, Paternoster Row.

Now ready, Part VI. of the

fine Roots of the above are therefore offered at 108. and 20s. per hundred, which will be sent to any address, PER RAIL, on receipt of a prepaid Post office Order on Newcastle-upon-Tyne, by

Crawcrook, Dec. 12, 1861. J. A. CRAIGGY.
A Lot of fine POLYANTHUSES, in 20 Sorts, at 1s. each.

N.B.-These Flowers have taken all the leading Prizes at Newcastle Horticultural Society for the last twenty years.

Two Packets of Polyanthus Seed left at 5s. each.

and other

Lardy Scarlet Rhododendrons,

American Plants.




to announce that his ANNUAL CATALOGUE of Described by C. P. JOHNSON. To be completed in 12

Garden Border Edging Tiles. the above popular plants, as exhibited in the Royal Parts, Coloured, at 3s. per Part. Each Part will conBotanic Gardens, Regent's Park, London, is now pubtain 24 Figures and Descriptions. Prospectuses may

AND G. ROSHER, CEMENT, BRICK, Lhed, and will be forwarded on application. Intend- be had on application to Joux E. SOWERBY, 3, Mead

and TILE MERCHANTS, beg to invite attention ing planters and amateurs desirous of blending Place, S.; and Messrs. KENT and Co., 23, Paternoster to their varied Stock of Ornamental GARDEN BORcolours, are invited to possess 'a copy, as faithful Row, E.C

DER-EDGING TILES in Terra Cotta, Terro-Metallic descriptions of all the Rhododendrons are given.

ware and Red ware. They present advantages over The Catalogue contains a selection of the best and

Crown 8vo, 1s.

Box or Grass-edging in that they afford no harbour really Hardy CONIFERS, with heights and prices; the DROPERTIES of Fruits and for slugs, &c., take up less room, and

once laid require whole of which having been removed the past spring, Vegetables ; an Unerring Guide to Judges and

no further attention. are in a capital state for transplanting. Also EVER- Exhibitors. By GEORGE GLENNY.

They may be had of varions patterns at F. and G. GREENS and ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS and TREES

HOULSTON & WRIGHT, Paternoster Row.

R.'s Premises, Ward's Wharf, Upper Ground Street, of the leading kinds.

Blackfriars, S.; and Kingsland Road Wharf, near the The American Nursery, Bagshot, Surrey, near the BARR AND SUGDEN,

Canal Bridge, London, N.E. Sunningdale Station, South Western Railway; also to

N.B. Sketches of Patterns sent by post on applicabe had of Mr. JOHN KERNAN, Seedsman, 4, Great

tion. Garden Vases and Ornamental Flower Boxes

Russell Street, Covent Garden.

for Windows and Balconies in stock.
Fruit Trees.

Standard and Dwarf Roses.

OHN CRANSTON has no hesitaR WITHAM begs to call atten- Spring Seed Catalogue, or Guide to Jtion in stating that he holds the largest stock of tion to his Superior Stock of APPLE TREES,

the Kitchen and Flower Garden, arranged including about 2,000 of Lord Suffield, Ringer, Grena

and classified on an entirely new principle, may STANDARD ROSES in the kingdom, and plants of lier, Post Seedling, Lord Derby, and Golden Spire, be had free and post paid on application.

the finest growth possible. These he is now offering which are allowed to be the very best out.


Collections of Vegetable Seeds, for large, medium, at the following prices :grower ought to be without the above sorts. Also

and small Gardens-639., 50s., 429., 30., 21s., 15s. 6d., STANDARDS, finest Hybrid Perpetual and Bour. many other good varieties, all at 9s. per doz. and 10s. 60.

bon, 30s. per dozen. LANCASHIRE SHOW GOOSEBERRIES from 160

Collections of Flower Seeds--2s. 6d., 3s. 6d., 5s.6d., HALF-STANDARDS, do. 24s. to 30s. do.

7s.6d., and 10s. 60. of the best sorts, strong fruiting plants at 4s. per

STANDARD TEA SCENTED, the best and most dozen. Common sorts at 2s. doz,

hardy sorts, 36s. to 42s. do.



Seed Merchants and Florists, RANTS at 28. per doz., or 14s, per 100.

Stock, 153. to 24s. do.

DWARF HYBRID PERPETUAL, own roots, 12s. CATALOGUES of the above may be had on appli- | 12, KING STREET, COVENT GARDEN.

to 18s. do. cation to B. WITHAM, Clough Nurseries, Mottram,

DWARF TEA SCENTED, 18s. to 24s, do.
Dear Manchester.
New Cultural & Descriptive Seed Catalogue.

PILLAR ROSES, extra strong on Manetti Stock,

18s. to 24s. do. Grape Vines from Eyes in Pots.


NEW ROSES of 1860 and 1861, 3s. 6d. to 5s. each.

A DESCRIPTIVE LIST will be forwarded free on LACOMBE AD Nice Soccer Lenowe UCOMBE, PINCE & Co., have SEED GROWER AND NURSERYMAN, application.


Nurseries, King's Acre, near Hereford. VINES of all the Choicest Sorts, with well-ripened canes 6 to 8 feet high, propagated from eyes taken Will

ill forward copies of the above Roses in Pots on their own Roots. from their own experimental Vinery.

free on application. It contains, as usual, LISTS of SORTS

and Prices may be had on Appli- a considerable number of choice new articles both of cation to them. Vegetable and Flower Seeds.

Stock of the above from 9s to 13s. per dozen. Exeter Nursery, Exeter.

CATALOGUES free on application. Gladioli and other choice Bulbs for Spring Clough Nurseries, Mottram, near Manchester. TOLLAND and BAYLEY can now

Planting, in very Extensive Assortment.

Holloway's Pills.
GOOSEBERRIES, in strong 3 and 4 years old plants,
at és, per dozen.

Keating's Cough Lozenges.

misery occasioned by disordered Digestion is CATALOGUES, containing Priced Lists of Florists' TTATISTICS SHEW THAT 50,000 PERSONS

unfortunately felt by many known to every one. Flowers, Fruits, &c., on application.

Holloway's Pills should be taken to reset all in order. Bradshaw Gardens, Chadderton, near Manchester.

including Consumption, Diseases of the Chest, and the of spirits, and similar symptoms which indicate the

Respiratory Organs. Prevention is at all times better presence of poisonous matter or perverted action. A DOWNIE, LAIRD, AND LAING, than cure ; be, therefore, prepared during the wet course of these invaluable Purifying Pills never fails and wintry season with a supply of KEATING'S in removing the causes and consequences of these

marked signs without subjecting the sufferer to any Florists' Flowers is now ready, and may be had averting, as well as of curing a Cough or Cold ; they disagreeable restrictions of diet or ordinary pursuits. free on application. are good alike for the young or for the aged.

They strengthen the stomach, and brace the nerves. STANSTEAD PARK, FOREST HILL, LONDON;

Prepared and sold in Boxes, ls. 11d., and Tins, Holloway's Pills are peculiarly adapted for renovating

2s. 9d., 4s. 6d., and 10s, 6d. each, by THOMAS KEAT systems enfeebled by late hours, hard living, over AND 17, SOUTH

FREDERICK STREET, ING, Chemist, &c., 79, St. Paul's Churchyard, London. anxiety, or any other excess which is known to
Retail by all Druggists, &c.

debilitate and exhaust the human constitution.

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These Pumps are fitted

with Warners


SEVENTH ANNUAL CATALOGUE OF THE ABOVI Will be ready early in February, to be forwarded free by post to any address, receipt of One Stamp. It contains all the most choice and new varieties of Dahlia Fuchsias, Verbenas, Geraniums, Chrysanthemums, Phloxes, Pinks, Pansies, Ciu rarias, Hollyhocks, Roses, and all kinds of Bedding Plants, which can be se. by post at one-third the price of plants.

Flower Seeds of all kinds in small packets. "THE NURSERIES, DURSLEY, GLOUCESTERSHIRE.

R. DAVISON & CO., Patent Portable Smokeless Stove



Patent Bucket and Valve, and cannot clog in action. The Barrel is made of Galvanized Iron, not likely to corrode, and can be raised or lowered at pleasure on the stand, the legs of which fold together, and may be carried with ease by one man to tank or pond.

Stand and Pump, with screwed Tail Pipe, fitted with strong Brass Union for Suction Pipe, £2 15s.

If fitted with Barrel of Planished Copper, £3 17s.

Stand and Pump, with plain Tail Pipe, for tying on Suction Pipe, £2 9s.

Two-inch Patent Rubber and Canvas

Flexible Suction Pipe, on Wires, either 10, No. 42 12, or 15 feet; per foot, 2s. 5d. WARNERS' PATENT VIBRATING STANDARD PUMPS. PATENT CAST-IRON PUMPS, for Farms, Cottages, Stable Yards, &c., where the Well does not exceed twenty-five feet in depth ; fitted with Warners' Patent Metal Bucket and Valve, which cannot clog in action. These Pumps can be made right-handed, left-handed, or with handle opposite the nose by removing four screws only. Diameter. Height.

£ 8. d. 21 in. short 1 ft. 7 in. Fitted for lead,)1 1 0 23 long 3

3 gutta percha, 1 100 3 ditto 3 6 or cast-iron 2 4 0 31 ditto 3 6 flanged pipe, as 2 90 ditto 3 6 required

2 18 0 27 , short, with 15 feet of Lead Pipe attached, ready for fixing

2 0 0 21 in. long ditto ditto ditto

2 14 0 The short-barrel Pump is very convenient for fixing in situations of limited height and space for the supply of Coppers and Sinks in Wash-houses, with soft water from underground Tanks, or in No. 35. Hot, Forcing, and Plant-houses; they may be fixed, when desired, under the stage.



Portable Stoves without a flue from 12s. each,

For Greenhouses, Conservatories, Vineries, Halls, Staircases Churches, Chapels, Offices, Shops, Warehouses, Store-rooms Cellars, Harness Rooms, Closets, Damp or unoccupied Rooms

and any place requiring artificial heat.

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Patent Fuel, 4s. 6d. per Bag.

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Beware of dangerous Fraudulent Imitations.


WHEAT kills Mice and Spai rows (only) on the spot. In ld., 2d. 4., and 8d. packets.

Observe the Name in a Circula Label on every 2d., 4d., and 8d. packet Others are offered "as the same," a “as good.” Avoid the risk of usin them. Have the genuine.

Sold by all Druggists, Grocers, & Works, Ipswich.

Established 14 years.



JOYCE'S Patent for Warming Chapels, Halls

No. 5541.

No. 579. WARNERS' GALVANIZED IRON WARNERS' SWING GARDEN TUB GARDEN ENGINE, with BARROW (holding about 35 galRegistered Spreader, is strongly lons) is intended for all large recommended for durability and

establishments where much low price—viz. :

watering is done by the Water10 gallons

ing Pot. By its use the Gar16

3 15 0

dener will save much time and 5 0 0

labour, particularly where the

Tank, Pond, or Pump, is at a Larger sizes may be had in distance from the Garden. either Wood or Iron.

Price £2 10s.

Shops, Conservatories, and all other places. Price from 12s. 6d. each

The above Stoves are Portable and Economical, and burn withou attention or replenishing from 12 to 24 hours.

The Stoves for Greenhouses are made with an Ash-receiver, ani burn all the Winter with one lighting, filled up once in 12 hours Temperature always the same.

Patent prepared Fuel, 2s. 3d. per bushel. CHEAP FIRES! THE PATENT RADIATING FIREBALLS Effect a saving of one-third in the consumption of Fuel, emi immense heat, and make no dust. One supply of four, replaced in the fire every morning, last all the winter. Price 3d. each. IU trated Prospectus post free.

Wholesale and Retail. SWAN NASH, Ironmonger, 253, Oxford Street, and JOYCE'S STOVE DErol

119, Newgate Street, London.

......... £2 15 0



BRASS SYRINGES, from 9g. to 21s. May be obtained of any Ironmonger or Plumber in Town or Country, at the above prices, or of the Patentees and Manufacturers, JOHN WARNER AND SONS, 8, Crescent, Cripplegate, London, E.C.




LADIES are respectfully informed that this STAROH is


WAKATEN, RICB, AND OTHER POWDER STARCHES, she has found none of them equal to the GLENFIELD, which is


The Midland Florist.

folly of trying it? who made any distinction last year between first-class certificates and certificates of commendation ? If the members of the Committee to

whom these were awarded were honest, the first-class Vol. XVI.—NEW SERIES. No. 1.-Jan. 1862. flowers only should have been half-a-guinea; yet Juno,

Joy, and Master-piece, and we know not how many DAHLIAS, AND THE HORTICULTURAL others, came out at half-a-guinea though only comSOCIETY.

mended. How many others of the commended ones We take a few passages from a temperate and, though

came out at that price? and how many that were not tainted with sophistry, by no means a bad apology for

even commended at all were added to these half-guinea the shortcomings of the Floral Committee of the Hor.

take ins"? We hardly know; but it is clear that the

members of the Committee value a certificate of comticultural Society; and we take up the cap that fits us rather awkwardly, but was undoubtedly made for us; mendation the same as those of the first class, if we for instance :

judge by their charges. If, therefore, they go on at “ It has been said by a writer who claims to be an autho- the same rate the next year, there will be no less than rity on this subject, that the Floral Committee of the fifteen Dahlias sanctioned by the Committee to go out Horticultural Society gave awards for Dahlias indiscrimi- at half-a-guinea each, many of which the members, nately during 1861, and that in consequence a number of who, in effect, are their own judges, know to be inferior inferior varieties have been palmed off upon the public to those we possess, and the Horticultural Society's certiunder the sanction of an authority, which, as thus judged, ficates of commendation back them. is evidently not to be trusted.”

But now comes the sophistry of which we complain, Well, if this be intended for us, it certainly states and perhaps the writer may not have considered the the case favourably. We do not remember to have

total worthlessness of the evidence he brings forward. been half so gentle; we fear that, knowing the men and We pretty well all who show Dahlias know that nothing their failings, we were more likely to have said, that

is more difficult than to please ourselves with a stand of they awarded certificates to each other for flowers, flowers. In making up our number, we get on very which they knew to be inferior to many we already pos- well for a time, and the last few puzzle us; we try this, sessed; therefore we cannot complain of our contem- and that, and the other, and there is something the porary so far. We were the only authority that dared matter with each. The twenty really good have to tell the truth to the gentlemen of the Horticultural

carry through two or three very inferior. It is not one Society.

stand, but all stands, that have some one, two, or more But it is said, in 1861, only three first-class certifi- faulty. Those who have seedlings have an interest in cates were awarded ; Pope's Lord Derby (which had raising the character of their novelties; they make been awarded by us a first-class certificate the year every effort to push them forward, and nine times out before, when they only commended it, for Pope was not of ten (and we have judged at many scores of shows, a committee-man), Perry's Model, and Turner's Mrs. and visited hundreds within the last thirty years), the Bush. This may be true, and if it be, we congratulate novelties have been the worst flowers in the stands; so ourselves, that in denouncing their conduct the year to boast that a flower was in this, that, or the other before, we “did the state some service.”. It has clearly winning stand, is no criterion that it is better than the shown the public that we counteracted the mischief that commonest flower in the collection. Yet our contemarose from the waste or prostitution of the Society's porary builds upon this foundation of sand, to show that certificates, which distinguished their earlier dicisions, the commended flowers must have been good. Dahlia and checked the evils they were spreading through the growers know well enough that being in winning stands floral world. We now come to a paragraph which we is no evidence at all, cannot rightly interpret; therefore we give it in the

If we refer to the records of past shows we shall see writer's own words:

that in 1860 Princess of Prussia, a commended flower, was “There is an evident confusion somewhere of the number one of Mr. Turner's first prize twenty-four, at the Crystal of seedling flowers submitted, and the number distinguished Palace. In Mr. Keynes's twenty-four at Crystal Palace, with certificates ; or perhaps those commended are regarded 1860, Andrew Dodds occupied a place. In Mr. Turner's as unworthy of the hononr. Now the number commended twelve Fancies at Crystal Palace, 1861, Elegans and Nora in 1861 amounted to sixteen - they were as follows: Creina were included. In Mr. Dodds’s twenty-four, at the Keynes's L'Etoile, Dodds’s Minnie Dodds, Turner's Cygnet, same show, Marquis of Bowmont occurred. At the Royal Turner's Una, Turner's Bob Ridley, Keynes's Imperial, Horticultural Society's Exhibition in 1861, the Rev J. Keynes's- Maria Carter, Keynes's Fair Maid of Bath, Tur- Fellowes had in his twenty-four Andrew Dodds, Beauty of ner's Charlotte Dorling, Perry's Delicata, Keynes's Gold Hilperton ; Mr. Keynes, who was first in forty-eights, had Finder, Keynes's Black Prince, Turner's Mrs. Bush, Rawl. Joy, Marquis of Bowmont, Gold Finder, Imperial, Andrew ings's Reliance, Rawlings's Countess of Portsmouth, Hen- | Dodds ; Mr. Harrison, second in the same class, had Beauty shaw's Miss Henshaw. Among these will be found Mrs. of Hilperton, Princess of Prussia; Mr. Kimberley had Bush, which, at a subsequent meeting, was awarded a First Delicata. Among the Fancies, Mr. Kimberley had Elegans; Class Certificate, so the number commended is reduced to Messrs. Downie and Laird had Nora Creina. At Crystal fifteen, which does not appear to us a too profuse distribution Palace, 1860, Mr. Keynes had in his forty-eight, William of the favours of the Committee."

Dodds; Mr. Dodds had Joy; and among the seedlings the Premising that we totally deny the writer's conclu- following. were shown in fine condition :- Lord Derby, sion, and that we denounce the awards as greatly too Illustrious, Sir J. Outram, Reliance, the last three from Mr.

Black Prince, Minnie Dodds, Countess of Portsmouth, profuse, we simply ask, how many of these will be sent Rawlings; Blondin, Alderman, and Lady Elcho, from Mr. out at first-class prices, unless this, our early protest, Dodds; and Charlotte Dorling and Captain Harvey from warns the public to resist it, and the growers see the Mr. Turner.”

He says:

Why, the worst flowers in our recognised show varieties of the Committee, although his facts quite upset the might have been seen in the same stand. It is merely good character he has given them, and confirm all we like a very objectionable character going into a theatre have said against them. We think his opinion of the in a crowd, and on that account being deemed respect flowers sound and honest; but, however, he may have, able. We have been to many shows where the winning like a good counsel, opened his case favourably, the stands were anything but good, and the judges had to evidence broke down, and our accusation, that they decide by the number of bad ones, and put those which awarded to themselves certificates for flowers which they had most of them lower down accordingly. Yet the well knew were not a jot better than we already possessed, writer, seeming perfectly satisfied that he had brought is confirmed. Now we happen to have seen Black Boy, forward important evidence on behalf of the Committee, which, if it will bear strong growth, will head the dark adds :

class altogether, and if not, it is a model of perfection “ Knowing how much interest there is in these particulars when small

, as grown in London. We grant that to growers of the Dahlia, we may certainly characterise the Dahlias in London growth are only tickets in a lottery; transactions of the Floral Committee as eminently impartial but we recognised the King of the Yellows from a Lonand as discriminative ; for so many seedlings to take their don garden, and it has quite justified our favourable places in winning stands, is a proof that the awards were made with discretion, and some exercise of necessary se

opinion. Lord Derby, if constant, fairly heads everyverity."

thing in its class, but it may prove uncertain in other Well, we see with different eyes to those of the hands. Of their other first-class flowers we only say writer, for there is nothing, to our mind, like impar

we shall wait till next year before we buy them, or order tiality in awarding fifteen certificates chiefly to them any of their commended varieties. selves; and it is not the slightest proof of worthiness that the flowers appeared among twenty-four or forty. If there be any merit in ribbon planting, it is not among

RIBBON PLANTING. eight in fortunate stands, more especially as the greater its noisy advocates that we must seek its parent, for, many portion are known to be inferior to those we already years ago, the idea was broached, we will not say started, possess. Indeed, our contemporary says

and we have procured the engravings, not for their value, Among so many there are, of course, several no better but for the fact that, in recommending the proper treatment than older varieties of the same class, but there are also a few of suburban gardens, ribbon planting was put forward as a that will keep the place they have thus taken, and appear most effective mode, and the following sketches accompanied at future shows with more than a formal recognition of the article. It is there very clearly shown, by, crosses, excellence.”

rings, and dots, how to dispose the different classes of This is just the confession we expected from the ad-colour, such a circular bed, and the corners filled to match,

plants. There is no doubt that with a judicious eye to vocate of the Committee. There is candour in the will be found highly decorative. admission ; but it does more towards confirming our accusation, than it does the impartiality of the Floral Committee.

The writer goes on to mention the flowers of the year : 1, Pope's Lord Derby, for which we have great regard, and which (having seen it in the seed-bed), we warn everybody, will require first-rate culture; 2, Perry's Model, orange buff, certainly not better than others of its class, and of which he says, “In size, however, this will not supersede Hugh Miller ;and 3, Turner's Mrs. Bush, which he rather accuses of infidelity; he says, “From frequent observation of it, we are inclined to fear it may run away, and be non est when wanted.” So much for the Society's first-class flowers. It is a fair, if not altogether sound, opinion; but he adds Rawlings's Countess of Portsmouth to the first class, a formidable competitor to Miss Pressley and Lady Popham. But now for a further proof of the Committee's impartiality. The writer recognises but five out of the fifteen certified for commendation : Perry's Delicata; Turner's Cygnet ; Turner's Charlotte Dorling ; Dodds's Minnie Dodds; and, he says, “if better than any other form. A long line of ribbon, bungled

The circle, perhaps, shows off this mode of planting high quality is now to be overlooked, we should add like that at Kew, was, in sheer spite, praised, and the Keyne's Maria Carter and Oscar for colour.” Oscar, public persuaded to go and see it, much to the mortification however, was not commended; what then about the of the powers that be,” and to the disappointment of the other nine? (for Mrs. Bush afterwards had a first-class.) people hoaxed. But in a long border, we cannot like it. Why, what we have said all through, only in other It is striking at first, yet it is a monotony that people soon words, for having adopted the above, he says,

« These get tired of; not so in a circle, because there is a finish on are all that are worthy of special mention. We pass dreds of suburban villas have a square plot in front that

the spot. The eye takes in all the figure at once. Hunover many really good flowers because they are no AD

could be planted after this fashion. The back plants in the TANCE ON THOSE WE ALREADY POSSESS." We thank corners might be evergreens; and as to the rings of both the writer, who has said all that can be said in favour the centre and side circles, the taste of the director, whether

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owner or gardener, must be exercised. There is abundant which are left to the choice of the operator. These crude choice of subjects that bloom from February till November, diagrams will be of service, because while they show the and much may be done by potting bulbs, so that when out advantage of uniformity, they do not cramp the ingenuity of bloom, they can be removed, instead of being in the of the planter. If there were fifty such plots, they might ground all the time the leaves are decaying.

all be made different as to colour and habit of the plants.

The only positive rule to observe, is that of keeping the оооо


most dwarf plants in front, and gradually rising behind; XX

but in the centre of such beds, be content with subjects only a little taller than the rest, not tall enough to prevent a good sight of the whole at once. We may hereafter give our notion of the best plants to use; but we should strongly advocate pot culture for all the bulbs, for unless they be confined, they could not be removed until they died down without suffering a good deal, and to let them remain in the

bed till they were ripe, would be to spoil the garden a great ох


of the year; nor may the foliage be cut off, for the

bulbs would not grow afterwards.

In the open ground, there is one very simple means of trap-

ping innumerable enemies. By using a smooth and rather 0 X

taper rod of iron or hard wood, and making holes in the

ground two or three feet deep, we form so many pitfalls, into 0

which earwigs, ants, small grubs, and various insects tumble, Х

and the vast majority cannot get up again. We have known some of these to get half filled with ants and earwigs, for the perpendicular side forms too long a journey for vast numbers, even if any ever reach the top, aud near an antcolony it is almost enough to exterminate the whole community, if we make a few clean-sided holes near their haunts. The earwig is not merely an enemy to flowers ; it

is destructive among fruits, and it is impossible to be too perХ

severing in the endeavours to get rid of the enemy. Grubs

and caterpillars, the larva state of butterflies and moths, are ОО оооо among the most mischevious, and formidable of all the

garThe second sketch varies but little, and that only at the dener's enemies, and this should be thought of while the corners. The principle is otherwise carried out in the spirit winged insects are sporting about among the flowers, trees of ribbon planting.

and bushes, for these lay their eggs in great numbers on the plant that is to sustain the caterpillar or grub, and when hatched, we know the consequences. Some flies lay their eggs all in one place, especially those that take possession of the apple, pear, and plum trees, where we may occasionally see a web full of the creatures, ready to prey upon the first green leaves; others, infinitely more mischievous, lay their eggs all over the place, one fly, perhaps, placing a future caterpillar upon a hundred cabbages. How often has the gardener to his great mortification seen a large quarter of cabbages or cauliflowers with scarcely one plant untouched, and there is nothing so disgusting as either of these

productions eaten into and dirtied by these filthy creatures. The

quickest remedy is to kill the butterflies and moths. If one Х

is seen catch and destroy it at any cost. It would be worth

while for a gardener to pay a boy to go round the premises x

with a regular fly net, with orders to catch and destroy any

thingthat he could get hold of, in the way of wasps, butterх

fies, or moths, and this at the earliest season, as soon as a

white butterfly can be seen on the wing. It is also well Х

worth while to get an intelligent young lad, who could be

depended on to gather up the numerous chrysalises from X

the wall fruit trees, gooseberry, and currant bushes, walls, and other places of refuge during the winter months, when

there are no leaves to intercept a perfect examination, and X

when, with a quick eye, a lad might almost insure the taking of every one. Those chrysalises would become so many flies or moths, whose business it would be to fly about awhile, to lay eggs upon the trees most appropriate for fostering the young grubs, ready for their work of destruction. We may

easliy conclude that the extermination of these chrysalises is хо


of the greatest consequence; but this will not prevent those 10 O O

оооо from other places coming into your own garden, and there

depositing eggs, leaving you as it were, a legacy of maggots; The third is a plan of mixed, but nevertheless uniform, and therefore it is necessary to use the fly-nets, and catch planting, and the different figures represent different plants, every one that comes. Maggots cannot travel far, and if



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