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x. 25.

44.

xii. 49.

xiv.6.xi.25.

xiv. 6. x. 30. V. 22, 23.

Mat. ix. 6. power on earth to forgive sins; that the works which Jo. v. 36. he did in his Father's name bare witness of him; that Jo. xiii. 19. his prophecies might lead his disciples to believe in Luk. xxiv. him; that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and Jo. x. 35. in the psalms, concerning him; that the Father had sanctified him, and sent him into the world; that the Jo. xiv. 10. words which he spake, he spake not of himself, but as Jo. viii. 28. his Father taught and commanded him; that whoever Luk. x. 16. despised him despised the Father who sent him; that Jo. iii. 17. he was the Saviour of the world, the way, the truth, the resurrection, and the life; that no man came to the Father but by him; that he and the Father were one; that all judgment was committed unto him, to the end that all might honour the Son even as they Mat. xi. 27. honour the Father; that all things were delivered to him by the Father, and that none knew the Son but the Father: he commands that his disciples should be Mat. xxviii. baptized into his name, together with that of the Father and of the Holy Spirit he declares that he Mat. xxv. shall sit on the throne of his glory, and all his holy 31, 32, 34. angels with him, and that before him, as King and Judge, shall all nations be gathered and one of his Mat. xxviii. latest assurances to his disciples is, that all power was given unto him in heaven and in earth.

19.

18.

SECT. III. What our Lord teaches of the Holy Spirit.

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OUR Lord represents God as prompted by a more Luk. xi. 13. than paternal affection to give the Holy Spirit to them Mat. xii. 28. that ask him; he says that he cast out demons by the Mat. xii. 31. Spirit of God; that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit was an irremissible crime; that he would not leave his disciples in an orphan state, but would pray the Father, Jo. xiv. 16, who should give them another Advocate, even the 18. xv. 26. Spirit of truth, which proceeded from the Father, and

should testify of our Lord's divine mission; that this Holy Spirit should speak in the disciples when they Mar. xiii. were delivered up to councils, rulers, and kings; that 9, II. the same heavenly Paraclete and Guide should teach Jo. xvi. 13. the disciples all things, should lead them into all the xiv. 26. truth, and bring all things to their remembrance whatsoever our Lord had said unto them; that he should show them things to come; that he should glorify our Jo. xvi. 14, Lord, for he should receive of his and show it unto them, all things being his which the Father had; and that into the name of the Holy Spirit, together with Mat. xxviii. that of the Father and of the Son, all should be bap- 19. tized.

SECT. IV. What our Lord teaches of his own manifestation in the flesh, and of the ends for which he died.

15.

Mat. xviii.

Jo. xii. 47.

THE design of our Lord's incarnation and death is thus represented by him. He came not to destroy the Mat. v. 17. law, but to fulfil it. He came not to call the righteous, Mat. ix. 13. but sinners to repentance. The Son of man came to Luk.xix.10. seek and to save that which was lost. He laid down II. his life, that he might take it again. He came not to Jo. x. 17. judge the world, but to save it. God sent him into the world, that the world through him might be saved: Jo. iii. 17. and that whosoever believed in him should have ever- Jo. iii. 16. lasting life. He was the good Shepherd, who gave his Jo. x. 11. life for the sheep. For the sake of his disciples he Jo. xvii. 19. sanctified himself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. That the world might know that Jo. xiv. 31. he loved the Father, and as the Father gave him commandment, even so he did. He came to give his life Mat. xx. 28. a ransom for many. His blood was shed for many, for Mat. xxvi.

the remission of sins.

28.

Jo. xiv. 1. see Syr.

SECT. V. What our Lord teaches of the life to come, and the general conditions of the gospel covenant.

CONCERNING the future invisible state, and the terms of our final acceptance or rejection, our Lord has thus instructed his followers: "Believe in God; believe also in me." "This is everlasting life, to know the only true God, and him whom he hath sent, even Jesus Christ"." "He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be Jo. iii. 16. condemned f." "God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him Jo. vi. 47. should not perish, but have everlasting life." "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath Jo. v. 24. everlasting life." "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He

see also ch.

V. 22.

that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life; and shall not come into conJo. xi. 25. demnation, but passeth from death unto life." "I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth on me, though he die" on earth, "yet shall he live" hereafter: "and whosoever liveth" in the future state "and beMat. xii. 37; lieveth in me shall never die." "By thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned:" they being capable of merit and demerit, as Luk. xi. 28. well as thy thoughts and actions. "Blessed are they Mat. v. 7, 8. that hear the word of God, and keep it." "Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy." "Blessed Luk. vi. 37. are the pure in heart; for they shall see God." "Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forMat. vi. 15. given." "But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, Jo. xiii. 17. neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. "If

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f Mark xvi. 16; i. e. shall be in a state of salvation, and of condemnation.

Luk. vi. 46.

17.

Mat. vii. 23.

ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them." "Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command Jo. xv. 14. you." "If ye love me, keep my commandments." "Why Jo. xiv. 15. call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?" "Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Mat. vii. 21. Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven." "If thou wilt enter into life, keep the command- Mat. xix. ments." Love God and thy neighbour, and thou shalt Luk. x. 27, live. "Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity." 28. xiii. 27. "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, Mat. xxv. prepared for the devil and his angels: for I was an 41-45hungred, and ye gave no meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; naked, and ye clothed me not; sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.-Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these my brethren, ye did it not to me." "In the end of the world, the Son Mat. xiii. of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all that cause offence" at the gospel," and them that do iniquity;-they shall sever the wicked from among the just, and shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father." "They who shall Luk. xx. be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the 35, 36. resurrection from the dead, cannot die any more; for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection." "The Jo. v. 28, hour is coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of condemnation." "My sheep hear Jo.x.27,28. my voice,—and I give unto them everlasting life; and

40-50.

29.

they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them Jo. xiv. 2. out of my hand." "In my Father's house are many Mat.xvi. 27. mansions." "The Son of man shall come in the glory

42.

of his Father with his angels; and then shall he reMat. x. 41, ward every man according to his works." Some shall receive the reward of a prophet, and others the reward Luk. x. 14. of a righteous man. It shall be more tolerable in the day of judgment for some cities which had less advantages of religious knowledge, than for those which Luk. xii. 47, enjoyed greater. Some shall be beaten with many stripes; others, with few: some shall be made rulers over ten cities; others, over five: the faithful and 17, 19. wise steward shall be made ruler over all that his Mat.xiii.30. lord hath the tares shall be gathered together to Mat. xxv. burn, but the wheat into the garner. "The King

48.

Luk. xix.

Luk. xii.44.

34, &c.

shall say to them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me in; naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and ye visited me; I was in prison, and ye came unto me.—Inasmuch as ye did it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye did it unto me. And the wicked and merciless shall go away into everlasting punishment; but the righteous into everlasting life." The punishment of the wicked is sometimes expressed under the Mat.viii. 12. figure of "outer darkness, where should be weeping and gnashing of teeth :" an image opposed to the splendour of a guestchamber, in which the good banqueted. But the future state of bad men is more usually Mat. v. 22. described in another manner. Our Lord teaches 30. xviii. 8, that the reviler shall be subject to hell fire; that we Mar. ix. 43, should sacrifice whatever is most dear to us, rather 45, 47, 44, than be cast into hell fire, where the worm dieth not, 46, 48.

xxii. 13.

XXV. 30; see also Luk.

xiii. 28.

Mat. v. 29,

9.

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