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M A NU AL

OP

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY,

ARRANGED TO FACILITATE THE

EXPERIMENTAL DEMONSTRATION

OP THE

FACTS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE SCIENCE.

BY

CHARLES W. ELIOT, 1 FRANK H. STORER,
PROFESSOR OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY PROFESSOR OF GENERAL AND INDUSTRIAL
AND METALLURGY,

CHEMISTRY,
IN THE MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

SECOND EDITION.

(REVISED.)

NEW YORK:
IVISON, PHINNEY, BLAKEMAN, AND CO.,

47 & 49 GREENE STREET.

1868.

Pot9318.668
Educt 228.68.365

TARD COLLE

Feb 26,8434

LIBRARY
Transferred from Botanical Museum

Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1866, by

F. H. STORER AND C. W. ELIOT,

In the Clerk's Ollice of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts,

LONDON

PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,

RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET,

THE AUTHORS

INSCRIBE THIS BOOK TO THEIR TEACHIER IN CHEMISTRY,

PROF. JOSIAH P. COOKE,

OF HARVARD COLLEGE,

IN TOKEN OF

GRATITUDE AND FRIENDSHIP,

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

Introduction.-Subject matter of Chemistry. Chemical change. Ana-
lysis and synthesis. Fact and theory ·

· ·

·

Chap. I.-Air. Atmospheric pressure. Properties.
mixture. Composition of air · ·

[blocks in formation]

Chap. II.-Oxygen. Preparation and properties of oxygen. Oxygen sup-
ports combustion. Oxides. Oxidation. Wide diffusion of oxygen . . .

11-15

Chap. III.-Nitrogen. Preparation and properties of nitrogen .

[blocks in formation]

Chap. IV.-Water. Properties of water. The gramme. Specific gravity.
Specific heat. Ice. Steam. Analysis, electrolysis, and synthesis of water. Hy-
drogen. Atoms and molecules. Molecular hypothesis. Atomic weights. Che-
mical combination. The chemical force. Water in nature. Distillation. Pre-
paration of pure water. Solution, Solution and chemical combination compared

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Chap. V.-Hydrogen. Preparation and properties of hydrogen. Symbols.
Diffusion of gases. Diffusive power and inflammability of hydrogen. Heat
from burning hydrogen. Unit of heat. Oxyhydrogen blowpipe. Form of gas-
flames. Explosive mixtures of hydrogen and oxygen. Oxygen burns in hydrogen
as well as hydrogen in oxygen . . . . . . . . . . .

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Chap. VI.-Compounds of oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Peroxide of
hydrogen. Nitric acid. One of the meanings of the terms acid and alkaline.
Neutralization. Nitrous oxide. Composition of nitrous oxide. Atomic weight
of nitrogen. Properties of nitrous oxide. Nitric oxide. A test for free oxygen.
The terminations ous and ic. Hyponitric acid. Nitrous acid. Analysis of nitric
acid. Synopsis of the oxides of nitrogen. Law of multiple proportions. Definite
and obscure chemical action. Air a mixture. Anhydrous and hydrated nitrio
acid. Oxidizing and reducing agents. Atomic weights and combining weights.
Molecular formulæ. Combining weight of nitric acid. Nitrio acid reactions.
Nitrogen and hydrogen. Ammonia. Analysis and synthesis of ammonia.
Nascent state. Composition of ammonia. Ammonium. Salts of ammonium.
Sources of ammonia. Ammonia-water. Empirical and rational formulæ. Dua-
listic formulæ. Typical formulæ. Uses of symbolic formulæ . . . .

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Chap. VII.-Chlorhydric acid. Properties, analysis, and composition of
chlorhydric acid. Atomic weight of chlorine. Synthesis of chlorhydric acid.
Manufacture of chlorhydric acid. Practical application of chemical equations.
Chemical affinity. Preparation and uses of chlorhydric acid. Aqua regia .

91-105

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