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KEPPEL, WILLIAM COUTTS, seventh Earl of Albemarle; born in 1832; died in London, Eng., Aug. 28. He was appointed private sec. retary to Lord John Russell in 1850; civil secretary in Canada 1853; was under-secretary for war in 1878 and 1885; was called to the house of lords as Baron Ashford in 1876; succeeded to the title of Earl of Albemarle in 1891; and was three times elected to parliament. His father was said to be one the last survivors of the battle of Waterloo.
LAYARD, SIR AUSTEN HENRY, diplomatist and explorer; born in Paris, France, March 3, 1817; died in London, Eng., July 5. He was educated as a lawyer, but early yielded to a passion for travel, ending in the exploration of Nineveh, where he exhumed many remarkable specimens of Assyrian art. His labors were set forth in Nincceh and its Remains (1848), and in kindred works published in 1851 and 1853. His discoveries are recognized as of the highest value in connection with archeological science. Layard's life was fairly divided between exploration and public service. He was twice elected to parliament; was attaché, to the British embassy at Constantinople; twice under-secretary for foreign affairs; chief commissioner of works; minister at Madrid; and ambassador at Constantinople. In 1855 he was elected lord rector of Aberdeen University; appointed trustee of the national gallery in 1866; received the grand cross of the Order of the Bath in 1878; and was made a member of tbe Institute of France in 1890. His researches not only rendered the British Museum the richest oriental repository in :he world, but prepared the way for the reconstruction of the ancient history of the east by means of the multitude of cuneiform inscriptions they placed at the disposal of scholars.
LISLE, M. LECONTE DE, poet born in 1818; died in Paris, France, July 17. His works were, Poèmes Antiques (1848), Poèmes et Poésies (1855), Les Erinnyes (1873), L'Apollonide (1888). In 1886 he was elected member of the French Academy, to fill the chair made vacant by the death of Victor Hugo.
MUNDY, BARON JAROMIR, physician; born in Eichorn, Moravia, in 1822; died by his own hand at Vienna, Aug. 23. He was educated at Würzburg; served several years as an army surgeon; acted as hospital director at the siege of Paris and during the Commune; was specially distinguished as the founder of the Vienna volunteer am. bulance society. He was a prolific author, made a specialty of in. sanity, and, strange to say, in his writings invariably condemned the act of suicide.
NUNEZ, RAFAEL, statesman; born in 1833; died at Bogota, Colombia, Sep. 18. He occupied several official places during the political transformations through which the separate states of Colombia passed before being united in the existing confederation. He was elected president in 1886, and re-elected in 1892
OLIVEIRA-MARTINS, JOACHIM PEDRO, author; born at Lisbon, Portugal, in 1845; died at Oporto Aug. 23. He represented the latter town in the cortes, and was appointed minister of finance in 1892. He was an eminent writer upon historical and philosophical subjects, and was a member of the Lisbon Academy.
PARIS, COMTE DE, (Louis PHILIPPE D'ORLÉANS), born in Paris in 1838; died it Stowe House, Buckinghamshire, Eng., Sep. 8. He was the son of the Duc d'Orléans, grandson of Louis Philippe, last king of France, head of the Orleans branch of the Bourbons, and, after the death of the Comte de hambord in 1883, head of the whole house of
Bourbon and the line of Capet. From the death of his father in 1842, he was looked upon as the crown prince of France. On the breaking out of the revolution of 1848, he, with his brother, the Duc de Chartres, was for prudential reasons taken out of Paris, first to Bligny, Verviers, and Eisenach, and afterwards to Claremont, Eng., where his grandfather was, and where he was educated. A year later, the ex-king died, and mother and sons returned to Germany. In 1858 his mother died, and the count came under the guardianship of his uncle, the Duc de Nemours. He visited Spain, Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, and Greece, and, on his return from the Orient, wrote and published a volume relating his experiences. Later he published a work on trade-unionism. In the American civil war the count and his brother offered their services to the government, and were ap. pointed aides on the staff of General McClellan. In 1862, on account of the threatened rupture between the United States and France, through the interference of Louis Napoleon in Mexican affairs, they resigned and went to England. The count's marriage with his cousin Isabella, daughter of the late Duc de Montpensier, took place on May 30, 1864. When the Germans invaded France in 1870, he, with his brother, asked permission to enter the French army, which was refused. He was afterward suffered to return to France, and set up his court in the chateau d'Eu; but in 1886, in consequence of aroused suspicions, he was again forced into exile, when he returned to England, took up his residence at Stowe House, and there spent the remainder of his days. From time to time he issued from Stowe House “manifestoes” to his followers, empbasizing his claim to the French throne, which, however, kept growing milder in tone as the years went on. These culminated in a sort of farewell address, published only a few weeks before his death, commending the patriotism of President Casimir-Périer, and exhorting his followers to support his administration. The prize he coveted he never won; but he did what he conceived to be his whole duty in his enforced sphere, and died regretted even by those who had driven him into exile.
PATER, WALTER, author; born in London, Eng., in 1839; died at Oxford July 30. He took his degree at Oxford in 1862; in 1865 he was elected a fellow of Brasenose College, where be filled various offices, being, at the time of his death, dean and lecturer. His first considerable work, The Renaissance, appeared in 1873. His later works were Marius the Epicurean and Imaginary Portraits. His essays were numerous and his lectures finished and forceful.
Rossi, JEAN BAPTISTE, archæologist; born in Rome, Italy, Feb. 22, 1822; died there Sep. 20. He was a pupil of the Roman College and of Marchi. His principal discoveries were in the catacombs, ranging from the days of Alexander Severus to Constantine.
Tawhiao, second Maori king: died in August. He succeeded his father, the first king, in June, 1860. For over twenty years he was uncompromisingly hostile to the New Zealand government, but, in 1881, gave voluntary submission to the district military officer at Waikato. He visited England in 1884, hoping to induce the interference of the colonial office with the alleged territorial aggressions of the New Zealand government. This being refused, he preserved an attitude of passive protest to the land policy of the colonial government until 1892, when he surrendered all further pretensions and accepted a pension.
VEITCH, JOHN, LL. D., professor; born at Peebles, Scotland, Oct. 24. 1829: died in Edinburgh Sep. 3. He was graduated at Edinburgh University, and was for some time adjunct-professor of logic, etc., in that institution. In 1860 he was appointed to a similar chair in St. Andrew's University, and in 1863 likewise appointed at the University of Glasgow. He published a number of works growing out of his special tastes, as well as books of poems and volumes of criticism, chief among which were The Tweed, and other Poems, The Theism of Wordsworth, Nature in Scottish Poetry, and Merlin.
YADRINTSEF, NIKOLAI M., author and publicist; born in Siberia in 1842; died there in July. He was for many years owner and editor of the Eastern Review, and a recognized adept in the history, archæology, and anthropology of Asiatic Russia.