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city of New Brunswick and the Delaware and Raritan Canal, which terminates here, together with extensive brickyards on the South River, did a large commerce on the stream, estimated in 1871 at 3,053,857 tons per annum.

The present project was adopted in 1874 and provides for obtaining, by diking and dredging, and, where necessary, by drilling and blasting rock, a channel 200 feet wide and 10 feet deep, mean low water, from the mouth to New Brunswick, at a cost of $2,093,662.05. It was modified in 1881, pursuant to the river and harbor act of that year, by adding to it the dredging of the South Channel, about 13,000 feet long, 100 feet wide and 51 feet deep at mean low water, from Kearney's Dock to Crab Island.

The amount expended to June 30, 1891, under this project was $534,206.58.

The above amount was expended in the construction of certain dikes required by the project at “The Stakes” and “ Middle Grounds” in dredging channels 200 feet wide and 12 feet deep at mean low water at these points, and in blasting and dredging a channel of the same dimensions across the rocky shoal at Whitehead Sand Dock, and thence up the river with a width of 100 feet and depth of 10 feet to within 2,800 feet of the canal lock at New Brunswick. Under two special allotments made for it in the acts of March 3, 1881, and August 2, 1882. the south channel was dredged to the required depth for a distance of 4,000 feet. These improvements have been of great benefit to navigation, permitting the large tows in use on the river to reach a point 2,800 feet below New Brunswick at all stages of the tide. The commerce of the river is reported for the calendar year 1991 to be 1,566,888 tons, against 1,661,125 tons for 1890.

The expenditures during the fiscal year amount to $21,282.60. With this amount the channel has been given a width of 100 feet and depth of about 10 feet, at mean low water, for a distance of 520 feet through a river bed of extremely hard shale rock, bringing the 100-foot channel to within 2,280 feet of the canal lock at New Brunswick. Repairs requisite to the proper maintenance of the dike at the Middle Grounds” were also made. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended....

$37, 013: 12 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

21, 282. 60 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended.

15, 760.82 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

1, 723. 59 July 1, 1892, balance available

11, 037.23 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

40, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

54, 037.23 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project 1, 182, 112.05 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix F 9.)

10. South River, New Jersey.-Before the improvement of this stream was undertaken by the United States the navigation of the lower 24 miles of its course had been abandoned and a canal dredged at private expense from a short distance below Washington to Sayreville, on the Raritan River. In 1880, when the present project for improving the river was adopted, the mouth of this canal, on account of its faulty location, had shoaled to a depth of 4.6 feet at mean low water, and the best depth in the canal, some distance above, had decreased to 3.3 feet.

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Above Washington a depth of 2.7 feet existed to Bissetts, 33 miles, and of 2.5 feet to Old Bridge, the head of navigation, 64 miles above the mouth of the canal at Sayreville.

The present project, adopted in 1880, provides for closing the river below the head of the canal, correcting the direction of the mouth of the latter and obtaining by diking and dredging a depth of 8 feet, mean low water, to Washington, 6 feet to Bissetts, and 4 feet to Old Bridge, straightening the channel at two points by cutting across the meadow. It was estimated to cost $194,695.

The amount expended under this project to June 30, 1891, was $64,400.42.

With this amount the direction of the mouth of the canal had been changed, the dikes below Washington completed, and a small amount of dredging done on a shoal above Washington. A shoal at the mouth of Washington Canal has been removed and a channel dredged 60 feet wide through the canal and 50 feet wide across the shoal in the river below Washington.

The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, amount to $5,152.45. With this amount the channel below the draw of the Raritan River Railroad Company's bridge was given a depth of 4 feet at mean low water, with additional width of 25 feet for a distance of 350 feet, and for a like distance above the bridge the width was increased to 70 feet. At Rourke Reach the channel was given a depth of 6 feet at mean low water and width of 60 feet for a distance of 860 feet; in addition a bar opposite Whitehead's brickyard was removed to a depth of 8 feet at mean low water and width of 60 feet for, a distance of 450 feet, and at the junction of the canal and South River a channel was excavated 350 feet long, 60 feet wide, and 6 feet deep at mean low water. Vessels drawing 6 feet can now reach the Turnpike Bridge, about 2.4 miles from the mouth, at all stages of the tide.

The commerce of the river was reported for the calendar year 1890 to be 364,154 tons and for the calendar year 1891 it is given as 370,335 tons. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...

$6,599.58 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

5, 152. 45 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

1, 447.13 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

7,000,00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893 ..

8, 447. 13 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project......

116, 695.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix F 10.)

11. Keyport Harbor, New Jersey.-Keyport Harbor was originally accessible at low water only to vessels drawing less than 4 feet. Before its improvement was undertaken by the United States a 6-foot channel had been dredged at private expense, which had shoaled in 1872 to 54 feet and in 1882 to 5 feet, the range of the tide being 4.7 feet. A large commerce was carried on, bowever, valued at $2,932,000.

The project for the improvement was adopted in 1873 and provided for dredging a channel 4,700 feet long, 8 feet deep at mean low water, and 200 feet wide from the steamboat dock to the 8-foot contour in Raritan Bay, at an estimated cost of $30,475. The revised estimate of 1884 was $40,475.

The amount expended on this improvement to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, is $30,475.

With the above amount a channel had been dredged from the 8-foot depth in Raritan Bay to Keyport wharf, a distance of 5,000 feet, with a width of 200 feet for the first 4,200 feet and 160 feet for the remainder.

There has been no appropriation for this work since 1882 and there have been no funds for expenditure since the fiscal year ending June 30, 1890.

The commerce of Keyport Harbor is reported for the calendar year 1891 to be 241,252 tons against 222,965 tous for 1890. Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892..

$5,000.00 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project ..... 5,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix F 11.)

12. Mattauan Creek, New Jersey.Before its improvement by the United States this small stream was obstructed at its entrance into Keyport Harbor by a mud flat, on which the best depth at the worst section was 3.1 feet at mean low water, though the 3-foot channel was too narrow and tortuous for use. Above this flat a good 4-foot channel existed to 13 miles above the mouth, and thence to the steamboat dock at Mattawan 3.5 feet, shoaling to 1.8 feet at the freight dock 600 feet above and 17 miles from the mouth. The range of the tide is 4.7 feet. Notwithstanding the above difficulties it carried commerce valued in 1880 at $800,000.

The project for the improvement was adopted in 1881 and provides for dredging a channel 4 feet deep at mean low water and 100 feet wide from the mouth to Winkson Creek, and thence 75 feet wide to the railroad bridge at Mattawan, 250 feet above the freight dock, at an estimated cost of $33,120.

To June 30, 1891, the amount expended under this project was $21,000, with which a channel had been dredged giving the required depth from the mouth to the freight dock at Mattawan, with widths varying from 100 to 30 feet. No work of improvement had been done during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, though a contract was entered into March 21, 1891, for the removal by dredging of about 5,300 cubic yards of material.

Work under the above contract was begun September 9, 1891, and completed September 26, by the removal of 5,028 cubic yards of material. Under the contract the channel on the north side was given an additional width of 35 feet for a distance of 1,420 feet upstream from the mouth of the creek, giving a continuous channel with widths vary. ing from 90 to 125 feet and depth of 4 feet at mean low water from Keyport Harbor to the mouth of the creek.

The expenditures during the fiscal year have been for dredging under contract and office expenses, and amount to $2,485.87.

The commerce for the calendar year 1891 is reported to be 199,850 tons, against 187,850 tons for 1890, an increase of 12,000 tons. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.....

$2,500.00 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

2, 485. 87 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended.....

14. 13 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892..

9, 620.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..

... 9, 634. 13 (See Appendix F 12.)

13. Shoal Harbor and Compton Creek, New Jersey.-Shoal Harbor is an indentation of the shore on the south side of Sandy Hook Bay, 5 miles west of the entrance to Shrewsbury River. It is bare at low water and the water deepens so gradually outward that the 5-foot curve, mean low water, is only reached at a distance of 3,000 feet from the high-water line. Compton Creek, which flows into Shoal Harbor, is 5 tu 6 miles long, with 3 to 5 feet of water in the lower reach. At one-quarter of a mile from its mouth it is crossed by a fixed bridge, beyond which no boats ever go. Between this bridge and the harbor there is a harbor of refuge of limited capacity, having a depth of 9 feet of water in places, to which fishing vessels resort when the tides allow them to cross the shoal at the entrance. The range of tides is 4.5 feet.

The plan of improvement adopted in 1884 had in view the connection of the 5-foot mean low-water curve of the creek on the inside with the 5-foot curve of the bay, by means of a dredged channel 150 feet wide, and the protection of this channel against shoaling by means of a timber dike placed on the west side of the harbor, at a total estimated cost of $64,130.

The amount expended to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, exclusive of outstanding liabilities, was $1,649.80.

The expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, amount to $3,350.20.

Ten thousand eight hundred and eight cubic yards of material was removed during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, and 4,921 from the beginning of the present year to July 29, 1891, making a total of 15,729 cubic yards. The condition of the creek after the completion of the contract showed an improved channel with a mean low-water depth of 4! feet, commencing in the mouth of the creek and extending a distance of 1,200 feet, with a widtlı of 100 feet for the first 800 feet of its length and 70 feet for the remainder.

The commerce of the creek has increased, being reported, for the cal. endar year 1891, as 48,000 tons, against 35,500 tons for 1890. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...,

$3,350. 20 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

3,350. 20 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

3,000.00 Amount (estimatel) required for com letion of existing project..... 56, 130.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix F 13.)

14. Shrewsbury River, Nero Jersey.-When the present project for this improvement was adopted, in 1879, the river was obstructed by a number of shifting sand-bars, which had caused the complete suspension of navigation in the South Branch and only permitted the passage of vessels engaged in commerce up the North Branch at or near high water. A considerable trade was carried on, however, even under these difficult conditions.

The originally adopted project for the improvement was to dredge a channel 6 feet deep at mean low water, and from 300 to 150 feet in width, across the shoals from the mouth to Red Bank, on the North Branch, 8 miles, and Branch port, on the South Branch, 9 miles, maintaining these channels by longitudinal dikes. This project has not been moditied as to the end sought, but estimates of the diking, dredging, and cost have been increased from time to time.

The amount expended on this project to the end of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, was $218,495.10.

With this amount numerous dikes have been built and maintained and channels dredged in various parts of both branches and main stem, 6 feet deep and from 25 to 100 feet wide. These improvements have resulted in a marked increase in the commerce.

The amount expended during the fiscal year is $5,961,58; with this amount the channel in the South Branch, between Sedge Island and Seabright, was redredged to a depth of 6 feet at mean low water and width of 100 feet, for a distance of 900 feet; a shoal in the channel of the North Branch above Upper Rocky Point removed to a depth of 6 to 7 feet at mean low water and width of more than 100 feet, and slight necessary repairs made to the.dike at the mouth of the river.

The commerce of the river was reported for the calendar year 1890 to be 556,500 tons; this has increased to 623,000, tons for the calendar

year 1891.

July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$6, 001.90 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

5, 961.58 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended ...

40.32 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

10,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

10, 010. 32 Amonnt (estimated) required for completion of existing project.... 20,062.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix F 14.)

15. Manasquan (Squan) River, New Jersey.-In its original condition this stream had a depth of from 4 to 6 feet at mean low water for several miles above its mouth, but was obstructed at its outlet into the ocean by a sand spit, which had deflected the stream into a channel parallel with the beach communicating with the ocean across shifting sand bars, on which the best depth did not exceed 14 feet at mean low water; mean range of tide, 2.4 feet. In severe storms this channel was sometimes entirely closed by the sand, remaining so until the fresh water in the river had accumulated sufficiently to force a new outlet. Under these conditions the river could not be used by commerce.

The project for its improvement was adopted in 1879, and contemplated dredging the lower river and obtaining by means of jetties a permanent outlet nearly at right angles to the beach, with a depth of 6 feet at mean low water, at an estimated cost of $52,120. This was increased to $72,000 in 1882, the increase being due to advanced prices and to a proposed increase in the length of the jetties.

The amount expended under this project to June 30, 1891, was $39,000.

With this amount two jetties had been constructed, but neither to its full length, appropriations having ceased in 1882. No permanent improvement had been effected.

An appropriation of $2,000 was made in the act of September 19, 1890, to be expended in the removal of obstructions placed by the Government at the mouth of the river, if in the discretion of the Secretary of War the same should be done. There were no expenditures on account of this work during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1892, as the removal of the obstructions alluded to in the act of September 19, 18990, was, in the opinion of the engineer in charge, deemed umecessary, and

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