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demnation proceedings for the acquisition of 90 acres of this tract were instituted. The resulting award was $140 per acre. This was so much in excess of what was considered a fair price that the appraisement was not accepted. Further proceedings in this case are not now pending.

At Willoughby Point, Virginia, a site for a mortar battery, containing about 47 acres, and two rights of way were condemned; the award, which was accepted, was $23,500. The expenses attending this acquisition were $766.85. This land had been once offered to the Government for $1,000, and later for $500 per acre. Jurisdiction has not been ceded over the sites acquired in New York and New Jersey.

At Point Lobos, California, condemnation proceedings in the case of 54.05 acres approached completion.

It is thought that the unallotted balance of existing appropriations will hardly suffice for the acquisition of sites whose condemnation has been requested; and as it is estimated that nearly 1,900 acres should be acquired at different localities on the coast, an estimate of $500,000 is submitted, which amount can well be applied to this purpose.

Statement of funds pertaining to the acquisition of sites.

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New York harbor (southern entrance):

1890, December 12. For services of real-estate expert

Site adjoining Fort Hamilton
56.54 acres :
1892, January 26. For pur-
chase of land.

#283, 000.00
1892, January 28. For pur-
chase of land.

10, 000.00
1892, June 23. Account dis-

trict attorney and court ex-
penses, etc.

10, 452.27

303, 152.27



New York harbor (southern
Site for mortar batteries, Plumb
1891, August 26. For pur-

chase of land, 50 acres $93,500.00
1891, October 16. Account

district attorney, fees, ex-

6, 308.32

$99, 808.32 Site adjoining Fort Wadsworth:

1891, Jwe 29. For purchase

of Martiu tract, 6! acres (to
be withdrawn).

1891, September 28. For pur-

chase of Hegewisch tract,
14 acres

1892, May 31. Account district

attorney, Martin tract.... 339. 69
1892, June 8. Account district
attorney, Hegewisch tract. 1, 086. 20

155, 425.89
Site for mortar battery, Point
Comfort, N. J.:
1891, May 27. For services of
real-estate expert.

155. 52
1891, September 9. For pur-
chase of land, 25.3 acres...

1892, June 8. For purchase of

5, 305.52

#564, 992.00 Hampton Roads, Va.:

Site for mortar battery, Wil-
loughby Point:
1891, October 30. For pur-

chase of land, 17 acres, and
two rights of way

1891, October 30. Account

district attorney, fees, ex-
penses, etc.

515. 10
1891, December 26. Traveling
expenses, etc., of clerk.... 8.50

Clerk of

court.. $238.75
1892, District
March 30. attor-

ney, ex-
penses. 4.50
243. 25

24, 266. 85 Washington, D. C.:

Site for gun batteries, Sheridan
1891, February 26. For pur-

chase of land, 291 acres (to
be withdrawn)

19,000.00 San Francisco Harbor:

1890, December 13. For services of real-estate expert, etc.

Site at Laguna, Merced, for mortar
1891, June 30. For survey of

1, 049. 72

*888, 015. 79



1891, December 30. From Plumb Island, N. Y., allotment
1892, April 12. From Sands Point, N. Y., allotment.
1892, June 28. From Fort Hamilton, N. Y., allotment

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1892, June 30. Amount available......

117, 617. 41


Officer in charge, Capt. Dan C. Kingman, Corps of Engineers; Division Engineer, Col. Henry L. Abbot, Corps of Engineers.

Protection of site.-Operations have been in progress for the protection of the site of Fort Niagara under allotments made from the appropriations for “sea walls and embankments” and preservation and repair of fortifications. The project provides for the repair of the sea wall along the lake front, the construction of dikes of fascines, iron pickets, and stone along the river and a portion of the lake front, and the filling in behind these dikes along the river front to a height of 6 feet above low water, leaving a flat slope down to the water. Above this slope is a level place wide enough for a roadway, then a steeper slope up to the general level of the site, the lower slope to be protected by a growth of willows and the upper one by sod.

The total amount expended under this project to June 30, 1892, is $29,449.38, which has resulted in the repair of the sea wall, the construction of 1,711 linear feet of dike work, 941 feet of which is along the river, the construction of a concrete breakwater in front of the northwest angle to protect the vall, and in grading the bank along the river front according to the project, for a distance of 941 feet. The grading was completed late in the season, and, as it was impossible to induce a growth of willows on this slope that would be any possible protection to it during the winter and spring freshets, it was covered with a rough pavement of stone. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended....

$11, 688.95 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

11, 138. 33 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

550.62 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities..

30.00 July 1, 1892, balance available

520.62 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project..

26, 105. 30 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1891. 3,000.00

(See Appendix No. 1.)


Officer in charge, Col. D. C. Houston, Corps of Engineers.

Davids Island, 21 miles distaut by water from the Battery, New York city, is one of the principal recruiting stations of the Army.

On the east side of the island was a bay into which garbage and refuse matter frequently drifted, becoming a source of annoyance and possible disease to the troops stationed there; separated from the bay by a low sand beach was a fresh-water pond, formerly used as a water supply during drought, aud still used as an ice pond.

To protect the pond from salt water, as well as for sanitary reasons, the construction of a sea wall in front of this beach was recommended in 1883 and 1884. In 1886 $47,000 was estimated as the cost of a masonry wall about 980 feet long, with embankment behind, the wall to be placed near low-water line, and to rise 12 feet above mean lowwater level.

Under the appropriation of September 22, 1888, $47,000 was allotted for this sea wall and embankment. Recent stringent regulations prevent the deposit of garbage in this vicinity; therefore a riprap wall with dimension-stone capping was substituted for the masonry wall originally designed, the cost being less and the wall equally effective.

The sea wall was completed in April, 1890.

The wall and embankment are in good condition; slight repair to the embankment is needed where heavy storms have washed away part of the earth.

A survey of the shores of the island, made in June, 1891, to prepare estimates of cost of other needed sea walls upon this island, shows that protection is needed at the west shore, north of the coal dock; a suitable sea wall, with embankment, at this place is estimated to cost $30,000.

Estimates for other sea walls were also presented, but they are not deemed of as pressing importance as this one. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended .....

$11, 597. 86 Amount transferred to allotment for sea wall, Governors Island..

6,597. 86 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

5,000.00 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...

55, 000.00 Amount that can be be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1894 30,000.00

(See Appendix 2 A.)


Officer in charge, Col. D. C. Houston, Corps of Engineers.

The project adopted in 1865 provided for inclosing the entire island by a sea wall. Under an allotment made in 1865 and other subsequent allotments and appropriations, walls were built on the south, southeast, east, and northwest sides of the island, and under an appropriation of $50,000, made by act of Congress approved August 18, 1890, at the beginning of the fiscal year work had been commenced on a contract for construction of sea wall on the west side of the island.

During the past fiscal year this contract was completed; the wall is 1,499.14 feet long, resting on a concrete foundation (containing 659,24 cubic yards of concrete); 39,544 cubic yards of filling were placed in the embankment behind the wall and 1,856 cubic yards were used to complete the embankment behind the north wall.

With the balance of the available funds a wall about 212 feet long is to be built under a contract recently entered into, extending north from the wall on the east side of the island to and under the quartermaster's wharf.

The existing walls are in good condition, but for preservation they should be repointed in places and parts of the foundation should be protected with riprap.

To complete the wall around the entire island, after the existing contract is finished, there will remain about 185 feet distance, to the shore end of the stone wharf.

The estimated cost of building a wall over this distance is $8,000,

and of repointing and riprapping the other walls where necessary, $5,717; total, $13,717. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended....

$53, 740.98 Amount transferred from allotment for sea wall, Davids Island 6,597.86

$60, 338. 84 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

46, 484. 70 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended...

13, 854. 14 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

$180.00 July 1, 1892, amount covered by uncompleted contracts

4, 956. 56

5, 136.56 July 1, 1892, balance available

8, 717.58

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Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project......
Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1894

(See Appendix 2 B.)

5,000.00 5,000.00



Officers of the Corps of Engineers in charge: Lieut. Col. Peter C. Hains, to November 31, 1891; Maj. L. Cooper Overman, from November 23 to December 7, 1891; Capt. Thomas Turtle, from December 7, 1891, to January 25, 1892; and Maj. Charles E. L. B. Davis, since January 25, 1892, with Lieut. George A. Zinn, Corps of Engineers, under their immediate orders; Division Engineer, Col. William P. Craighill, Corps of Engineers.

Beach protection.—The erosion of the beach on the side of the bay and to the northeastward of the fort had progressed so as to endanger the integrity of the sand-spit connecting the fort with the mainland. The approved project consisted of jetties or groins built at suitable intervals along the beach, at an estimated cost of $37,000. Four jetties have been built, of an aggregate length of 927 feet. There has been some fill on the east side of all the jetties, and between them some scour. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$23,985. 60 June 30, 1892, amount expended during the fiscal year

23, 656.07 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

329.53 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

89.00 July 1, 1892, balance available.

240.53 (See Appendix 3 A.)

Water supply.The supply of water is dependent upon rainwater stored in cisterns and water of inferior quality brought across Mill Creek in iron pipes. The importance of an adequate supply of wholesome water within the limits of the fortification can hardly be overestimated. Six thousand dollars was appropriated by the act of February 24, 1891, but this amount was not deemed sufficient to sink a well to the depth which it is already shown must be exceeded to secure a supply of good water. A brief account of previous attemps at siuking wells at this post is given in the report of the local officer, who recommends that $1,000 additional appropriation be made. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.

$6,000.00 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..

6,000.00 (See Appendix 3 B).

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