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It has resulted in maintaining 134 feet on the outer bar and 21 feet where the inner bar was.

The work during the past fiscal year has been confined to extension of the south jetty. The extension consists of 4,600 linear feet of completed and 2,923 linear feet of uncompleted jetty, a total of 7,523 feet. The total of work done on this structure since operations upon it began in 1887 is represented by 26,923 feet of jetty, of which 24,000 feet is completed and 2,923 uncompleted.

The appropriation asked for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1894, is to be mainly applied towards construction of the projected north jetty. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$1, 104, 079. 10 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

438, 922. 63 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

665, 156.47 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

$19, 838.72 July 1, 1892, amount covered by uncompleted contracts.... 618, 207.64

638, 046.36 July 1, 1892, balance available....

27, 110, 11 Amount appropriated by act approved August 5, 1892.

450,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893

477, 110.11 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project. 4,650,000.00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1894..

1,000,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix U 1.)

2. Ship channel in Galveston Bay, Texas.This is a channel dredged by the United States Government from Bolivar Channel to Morgan Cut, the latter terminating at a point 4.8 miles from Morgan Canal, which is an excavation across Morgan Point at the mouth of San Jacinto River. Morgan Cut and Morgan Canal are works executed by the Buffalo Bayou Ship-Channel Company, chartered under the laws of Texas.

The natural depth on the line of the Galveston Bay Ship-Channel averaged 84 feet at mean low tide, with a depth at some places of but 7 feet.

The project for this improvement was adopted in 1871 and modified in 1877, the object being to excavate and maintain a channel 12 feet deep and 100 feet wide at bottom, through Galveston Bay from Bolivar Channel to Morgan Cut, a distance of 18.9 miles.

Work upon the channel, which had been suspended in 1883, was resumed in February, 1888, and by July 20, 1889, a channel of 12 feet least depth and 100 feet width at bottom had been excavated to Morgan Cut.

No dredging has been done since July, 1889.

The total amount expended to include June 30, 1891, was $536,228.43. By that date the channel had shoaled so that its ruling depth was 9 feet.

The amount expended during the pasttiscal year was $4,602.73, mostly in repairs of beacons and in survey.

The ruling depth now is 8.6 feet.

The work of improvement of the ship channel having, in July, 1889, reached the point in the bay at which the southern extremity of Morgan Cut is located, the officer in charge, under instructions from this office, called upon the Buffalo Bayou Ship-Channel Company to execute its agreement of January 22, 1881, to transfer to the United States its works at Morgan Point. Congress, by act approved September 19, 1890, provided for the appointment of a commission of United States engineers

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to ascertain the value of any portion of the channel from Bolivar Channel to the point where the San Jacinto River enters what is known as Morgan Canal, which might have been constructed by the Buffalo Bayou Ship-Channel Company, the amount so ascertained and certified to be correct by the Secretary of War to be paid to the ship-channel company out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. The report of the commission was made December 4, 1890, and approved and forwarded to the proper Departinent for payment in January following. On May 4, 1892, payment having been made for the works, the latter were taken possession of for the Government and made free to navigation.

The acquisition of the works at Morgan Point added to the ship channel in Galveston Bay 4.8 miles of cut in the bay and 3,347 linear feet of canal across Morgan Point. The ruling depth in the cut is 74 feet; the depth in the canal is in excess of 17 feet. The addition of 5.73 miles of artificial channel to the Ship Channel in Galveston Bay rendered nec. essary a revision of the estimate for securing and maintaining throughout a least depth of 12 feet. The amount of the revised estimate is given in the full report of the officer in charge.

The project is not capable of permanent completion, it being estimated that the sum of $100,000 annually will be required to maintain the channel after it has been fully excavated to the required width and depth. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended..

$50, 271.57 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

4, 602. 73 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended.

45, 668.84 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

95. 69 July 1, 1892, balance available

45, 573. 15 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

40, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893...

85, 573. 15 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project... 269, 675. 44 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix U 2.)

3. Trinity Rirer, Teras.-The natural channel on the bar at the mouth was narrow and shoal. The project for improvement adopted in 1873 consisted principally in dredging. Between 1885 and 1889 no work was done and the channel which had been deepened in 1885 to 51 feet had shoaled to 3 feet 2 inches. The project was modified in 1889, the modification principally consisting in parallel timber jetties to effect the required deepening to 6 feet on the bar. The total expended to include June 30, 1891, was $52,822.21, resulting in a depth of 3 feet 6 inches on the bar and straightening the channel. The amount expended during the past fiscal year was $3,297.47. One jetty has been nearly completed. It has maintained the depth of 3 feet 6 inches. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended..

$4, 177. 79 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year..

3, 297.47 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

880. 32 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

86.00 July 1, 1892, balance available...

794.32 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

10,000.00

Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..

10, 794.32

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Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project $22,500.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix U 3.)

4. Cedar Bayou, Texas.-A survey of this locality, with a view to removal of the bar at the mouth of the bayou, w made in 1889. The natural depth on the bar was 3 feet at mean low tide. The cost of improvement to afford a depth of 5 feet was estimated as $18,150, which sum was appropriated by act of September 19, 1890. This súm was applied during the past fiscal year to dredging and protection of the excavated channel by walls of brush and stone mattress, resulting in a channel 1,840 feet long and 64 feet wide with ruling depth of 5 feet over the distance dredged. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended

$18, 150.00 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.

13, 258. 22 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended ..

4, 891. 78 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

2,918. 10 July 1, 1892, balance available....

1, 973. 68 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.

14,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.

15, 973,68 (See Appendix U 4.)

5. Buffalo Bayou, Texas.-The channel between the city of Houston and Simms Bayou, a distance of 11 miles, the extent of bayou under improvement, was, in its natural condition, narrow and tortuous and the natural depth in many places was not more than 6 feet. The project for improvement was adopted in 1881, the object being to straighten the channel and to widen it to 100 feet and to deepen it to 12 feet; also to remove such snags, stumps, and overhanging trees as obstructed navigation. The total amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $155,700.36. It resulted in clearing the channel of the most prominent stumps, snags, and overhanging trees, in easing most of the bends, and in removing such shoals as obstructed a 7-foot navigation. The amount expended during the past fiscal year was $10,103,63. It has resulted in further easement of bends and in still further relieving the channel and bends of obstructions. The obstructions are renewed in more or less degree every year, through action of floods. The project is not capable of permanent completion. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.

$13, 019. 64 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year...

10, 103.63 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

2, 946.01 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.

30.00 July 1, 1892, balance available

2, 916.01 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892

25,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893 .....

27, 916. 01 Amount (estimatedl) required for completion of existing project....... 191,549. 75 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix U 5.)

6. Harbor at Brazos Santiago, Texas.-In its natural state the channel over this bar was shifting, and its depth varied from 6 to 8 feet. The present (original) project for its improvement was adopted in 1881,

the object being to fix the position of the channel over the bar at the entrance and to deepen it. The total amount expended to June 30,1891, was $189,608,59, besides an appropriation of $6,000 in 1878, applied to removing a wreck. It has resulted in no useful effect upon the bar, and the works heretofore constructed have practically disappeared. The amount expended during the past fiscal year was $190. It was applied to the keeping of a record of commercial statistics and incidental engineering expenses. The officer in charge considers $600,000 as the least amount that should be available before beginning construction of the jetties. Taking into consideration the balance available ($57,686.41), the sum of $542,000, in round numbers, would be needed to make up the amount named. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.....

$57, 891.41 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year

190.00 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended

57, 701. 41 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities

15.00 July 1, 1892, balance available .....

57, 686. 41 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project..... 1,071, 090.22 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and

harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix U 6.)

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EXAMINATIONS AND SURVEY, MADE IN COMPLIANCE WITH PROVISIONS OF RIVER AND HARBOR ACT APPROVED SEPTEMBER 19, 1890.

The required preliminary examination of Brazos River, Teras, from its mouth to Waco, was made by the local engineer in charge. Maj. Allen, and report thereon submitted through Col. C. B. Comstock, Corps of Engineers, Division Engineer, Southwest Division. It is the opinion of Maj. Allen and of the division engineer, based upon the facts and reasons given, that this locality is not worthy of improvement. This opinion being concurred in by me, no further survey was ordered. The reports were transmitted to Congress and printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 63, Fifty-second Congress, first session. (See also Appendix U 7.)

The required preliminary examination of West Galveston Bay, Texas, from Christmas (Christians) Point, with a view of reopening the channel through West Bay, was made by the local engineer in charge, Maj. Allen, and report thereon submitted through Col. C. B. Comstock, Corps of Engineers, Division Engineer, Southwest Division. It is the opinion of Maj. Allen and of the division engineer, based upon the facts and reasons given, that this locality is worthy of improvement. This opinion being concurred in by me, Maj. Allen was charged with and has completed its survey and submitted report thereon. The proposed improvement contemplates straightening and slightly deepening the channels and removing the points bordering them by dredging, so as to afford a least width of 200 feet and depth of 31 feet in West Bay between the railroad bridges, near Galveston, and San Luis Pass, and a least width of 100 feet and depth of 3 feet in Oyster Bay along Christmas Point, and marking the channel by beacons. The total cost of this work is estimated at $28,998.80. The reports were transmitted to Congress and printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 22, Fifty-second Congress, first session. (See also Appendix U 8.)

WESTERN RIVERS.

IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN RIVERS AND WATER WAYS IN LOUISI

ANA, TEXAS, ARKANSAS, MISSISSIPPI, AND TENNESSEE, TRIBUTARY TO MISSISSIPPI RIVER; WATER GAUGES ON MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND ITS PRINCIPAL TRIBUTARIES.

Officer in charge, Capt. J. H. Willard, Corps of Engineers; Division Engineer, Col. C. B. Comstock, Corps of Engineers.

1. Red River, Louisiana and Arkansas.-This improvement was begun in 1828, and appropriations aggregating $535,765,50 were made between 1828 and 1852. Between 1841 and 1852 no appropriation was made, and a longer interval elapsed between 1852 and 1872, during which the results of former work were lost.

The present improvement, from Fulton, Ark., to mouth of Atchafalaya River, commenced in 1872, at which time the upper river was closed by the great raft, extending from Carolina Bluffs, 33 miles above Shreveport, La., upstream 32 miles to within 4 miles of the Louisiana and Arkansas line, which was added to by each flood. The falls at Alexandria were impassable at low stages. Navigation below Shreveport was affected seriously by the gradual enlargement of Tones Bayou Outlet, 19 miles below Shreveport, which depleted the main channel, and the river was greatly obstructed by snags, sunken logs, wrecks, and leaning trees throughout its entire length.

The project of 1872 contemplated removing the great raft and closing Tones Bayou. Subsequently this project was enlarged to include the removal of jams, snags, wrecks, leaning timber, etc.; opening and enlarging the channel through the falls at Alexandria, La.; deepening the channel at shoal places, and closing the Sale and Murphy Outlet, on the right bank, 66 miles above Shreveport, in order to improve and keep navigation open from Fulton to the Atchatalaya. Also to protect the bank at Alexandria from erosion, and to make a thorough and comprehensive survey from Fulton to the mouth on which to base plans and estimates for permanent improvement.

The amount expended from 1872 to June 30, 1891, was $926,024.52 (including outstanding liabilities of $429.46), resulting in great benefit to navigation. A channel was opened through the great raft in 1873, and subsequent operations, aided by the current, secured a greater width and depth throughout the entire reach, with a channel way constantly widening and scouring, with but little water diverted from the river proper except at flood stages. Moderate estimates, made in 1872, showed that the removal of this obstruction alone resulted in an annual saving of $150,000 to the planting interest above the raft, besides relieving to a great extent not less than 25,000 acres of productive lands from overflow. The removal of obstructions from the channel, clearing the banks, and prompt breaking of all jams, and keeping the drift in motion during high water, prevented renewal of the raft. No work has been done for the closure of Tones Bayou since 1882, when the dam under construction was destroyed. This outlet is filling up gradually with drift, and this, in connection with the work done in the old raft region above and in the narrow river below, is causing the main channel to widen and scour. The rock excavation and dam at the falls of Alexandria were completed in 1885, increasing the period of navigation about two months, and as a general thing permitting boats to pass the falls the year round. The dam and training wall built at Alexan.

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