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dria in 1884-'85 for protecting the bank accomplished the purpose for which intended. The removal of snags and clearing the banks for the general improvement of the river were not begun until 1878, but since 1885 operations were confined chiefly to that class of work. The sur vey of Red River was carried from Fulton, Ark., down to Grand Bend, La., near Alexandria, a distance of 406 miles, and was connected with the Mississippi by precise levels along the railroad from Shreveport to Delta, La.
In the past fiscal year the removal of obstructions was continued with great benefit to navigation. Snag boats worked over the entire river from Fulton to the Atchafalaya, nearly all of which was gone over twice, and narrow portions below Rush Point to Shreveport and between Tones Bayou and Knox Point were worked over three and four times. During the prolonged season of low water in the summer and fall of 1891 the entire plant available was employed in removing obstructions from the channel, and this work resulted in immediate benefit to low-water navigation. The Sale and Murphy Outlet was closed effectually by a heavy earthen dam which was completed in November, 1891, and resisted the flood of May, 1892, the highest of record, without sustaining serious damage. Fieldwork of the survey was carried from Grand Bend down to the mouth of the river and suspended in February, 1892, after which work on the maps and notes was continued to the end of the year. The estimated cost of completing the survey in accordance with the project is $97,000.
The amounts expended during the past year were: For general improvement.
$32, 473. 18 For work at Alexandria.
454.00 For Little River from Scopini Cut-Off to Knox Point.
615.40 For closing Sale and Murphy Outlet..
4, 889.92 For survey of Red River...
23, 249.31 Total...
61, 711.81 July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.......
104, 404. 94 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
61, 711.81 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..
42, 693. 13 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities..
107. 12 July 1, 1892, balance available ...
42, 586.01 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892
145,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..
187, 586.01 (See Appendix V 1.)
2. Red River above Fulton, Arkansas.—The project for this improvement, adopted in 1886, contemplated removing snags, drift, overhanging trees, etc., above Fulton to the mouth of Kiamichi River, about 138 miles, to give reasonably safe navigation at high and medium stages.
The amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $11,773.82, with which a small hand-propelled snag boat was built in the fiscal year 1887, at a cost of $4,000, and employed during the succeeding two years in removing obstructions. In the fiscal year 1891 the snag boat was sold to the work of improving Red River, Louisiana and Arkansas, for $1,500, and the proceeds of the sale, with the appropriation of 1890, were applied to going over the work and removing sbags, drift, and leaning trees, practically completing the project.
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...
$226. 18 June 30, 1892, amount expended during tiscal year
5.44 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended...
220. 74 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.
1. 29 July 1, 1892, balance available......
219.45 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.
3,500.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..
3, 719.45 (See Appendix V 2.)
3. Ouachita and Black rivers, Arkansas and Louisiana.—The improvement of Ouachita River commenced in 1871, Black River, the connecting stream between Quachita and Red rivers, was added under the same head of appropriation by the act of 1884. The original project contemplated imimprovement by a system of locks and dams, but was abandoned on account of its costas compared with the amount of commerce then reported. The present project contemplates removing snags, logs, wrecks, leaning timber, etc., and the improvement of shoal places between Camden, Ark., and the mouth of Black River, a distance of 341 miles. Noestimate of cost is given, as the nature of the work requires that it be continuous.
The total amount expended to June 30, 1891 (including outstanding liabilities of $241.67), was $329,965.12, of which $216,377.25 was applied to operations under the project of 1874. An iron-hull snag boat was purchased in 1875 and repaired with a new steel bottom in 1886, and a small wooden snag boat was purchased in 1888. From 1875 to the end of the fiscal year 1891, operations were carried on whenever funds were available, and consisted chiefly of the removal of wrecks, snags, logs, and tree slides from the channel, and cutting leaning tim ber, though an increased depth was obtained at some of the shoals by building stone and brush wing dams.
In the past fiscal year operations with a large snag boat were continued from Logtown, on Lower Quachita, to mouth of Black River, July1-17, 1891, after which it was withdrawn. The chopping party, which commenced operations at Camden in November, 1890, continued downstream to Alabama Landing, 1264 miles below Camden, where work was suspended December 31, 1891, on account of high water, and the stages continued too high for further work to the end of the year. The work of this party consisted of cutting leaving timber into short lengths, giving special attention to points and bends, girdling trees for some distance back from the river, and removing obstructions from the channel as far as practicable with explosives and hand capstan; and, as it was done at low stages of water, resulted in much benefit to navigation of the upper river.
Since the project for locks and dams was abandoned three examinations have been ordered and made with a view to slack-water navigation, the last in 1889, and the reports on all agree that for the present work should continue under the adopted project. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$12, 776. 55 Amount received on account of overpayments in June, 1891.
12, 921.5.5 10, 872. 22
2, 019. 33
June 30, 1892, amount exponded during fiscal year..
(See Appendix V 3.)
2, 036, 16 40,000.00
42, 036. 16
4. Bayou D'Arbonne, Louisiana.—The project for this improvement was adopted in 1884, and contemplates removing snags, logs, wrecks, leaning timber, etc., obstructing navigation from Stein Bluff
, on the Corney Branch, to the mouth of D’Arbonne, 42 miles, at an estimated cost of $15,000.
The amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $10,109.49. Before the improvement commenced the bayou was navigable from six to seven months of the year. The work done extended the period of navigation fully one month, enabled boats of double the capacity to make quicker time than those used formerly, with greater safety, and reduced freight rates one-half.
In the past fiscal year operations extended from Stein Bluff to the mouth, consisting chiefly of cutting and girdling leaning timber, cutting stumps, shore snags, and logs along the banks, and removing snags, logs, and stumps from the channel with explosives and blocks and tackle. The bayou was at a low stage while operations were in progress, and effective work was done, enabling boats to run at a lower stage of water, and to make the round trip in three to four hours less time.
The work is not permanent, as new obstructions are added from time to time, but with the balance of the original estimate in a single appropriation (84,000) it can be completed to Stein Bluff so thoroughly as not to require attention for several years.
Within the last few years navigation of the Corney Branch has been extended up to Cobb Landing, 164 miles above Stein Bluff. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$890.51 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
765. 45 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended....
125. 06 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.
4,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.
4, 125. 06 (See Appendix V 4.)
5. Bayou Bartholomeu, Louisiana and Arkansas.—This improvement commenced in 1881, the project contemplating the removal of snags, logs, wrecks, leaning timber, etc., obstructing navigation between Baxter, Ark., and the mouth, about 150 miles.
The amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $30,753,44, and the outstanding liabilities were $347.60. With these amounts operations extended over the entire portion of the bayou included in the project, and some of the most obstructed parts were worked over two and three times, but at no time was the amount available sufficient to do the work thoroughly as projected. However, the work performed at intervals has benefited navigation to a great extent. Before the improvement commenced three months was the average duration of the navi. gable season; now there is better navigation for about six months, and boats of double the capacity make trips with greater safety in half the time; and rates of freight are reported to have been reduced 50 per cent.
The work begin at Portland, Ark., in May, 1891, was continued during the fiscal year from Hughes Place, La., down to the mouth, where operations suspended August 14, 1891, resulting in widening the channel from 20 to 30 feet, enabling steamboats to navigate on from 2 to 3 feet lower stage, and to make the round trip in twelve to fifteen hours' quicker time.
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$2, 246, 56 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year..
1,898. 46 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended
318. 10 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities
.92 July 1, 1892, balance availalıle....
317. 18 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.
5,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..
5,347.18 (See Appendix V 5.
6. Bayou Bæuf (Bæuf River), Louisiana.—The project for improving this bayou was adopted in 1881, and contemplated removing snags, logs, leaning timber, etc., obstructing navigation between Wallace Landing and the mouth, about 152 miles. Three outlets near Point Jefferson, La., were examined in 1884 and their closure recommended.
The amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $26,028.68, enabling steamboats to run to Point Jefferson, 19 miles below Wallace Landing, during high stages, with greater safety. The three outlets were closed in 1887 and 1888, and the work gave immediate benefit to navigation by confining the flow to its natural direction and scouring the bars below, but the dams were destroyed during the overflow from the Mississippi River in the spring of 1890. It is essential that they be rebuilt if navigation in the bayou is to be maintained. The estimated cost of this work is $12,000.
In the past fiscal year a chopping party worked from the mouth of the bayou up to a point 94 miles above the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific Railroad Bridge, September 28 to December 12, 1891. The water remained at a low stage during the entire period, and effective work was done, which will enable steamboats to navigate this part of the stream with greater safety at any stage high enough to pass the bars, without danger of knocking down chimneys, damaging upper works, or losing freight in the leaning timber, saving at least thirtysix hours' time on the round trip, and permitting navigation at a 2-foot less stage.
A small balance was reserved to remove jams of drift if necessary. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended...
$4, 971.32 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year
4, 666. 39 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..
304.93 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities.
22.54 July 1, 1892, balance available
282. 39 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892.
10, 000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893
10, 282. 39 (See Appendix V 6.)
7. lensas River and Bayou Macon, Louisiana.—The project for improving Tensas River was adopted in 1881, and contemplated removing snags, logs, and leaning timber obstructing navigation between Dallas and its mouth, about 134 miles, at an estimated cost of $23,000. Bayou Macon, a tributary, was added under the same head of appropriation by act of 1881, and the project contemplated removing the same class of obstructions between Floyd and its mouth, about 98 miles, at an estimated cost of $17,000.
The amount expended to June 30, 1891, was $15,873.24, of which $7,529.25 had been applied to the Tenisas and $8,343.99 to the Macon. The obstructions were removed as far as practicable with these amounts,
and in Bayou Macon, the principal commercial branch, had resulted in improved navigation so as to shorten the time of steamboat trips twelve hours,
In the past fiscal year the wreck of the steamboat H. J. Dickey was removed from Bayou Macon, near Delhi, La., December 17, 1891, and December 29-January 12 a chopping party was employed in removing obstructions, chiefly in the channel, from the lower 40 miles of Bayou Macon. This work was stopped by high water the latter date, and continued high stages to the end of the year preyented its resumption. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
$5, 126.76 June 30, 1892, amount expended during fiscal year.
2, 107.40 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended
3,019.36 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities July 1, 1892, balance available..
3,018. 98 Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892 ..
5,000.00 Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1893..
8,018.98 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project...... 14,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix V 7.)
8. Bayous Rondeway and Vidal, Louisiana.-An appropriation or $1,000 was expended in the fiscal year 1889 in removing obstructions, chiefly leaning trees, from the canal and the part of Bayou Vidal remaining open between Lake Palmyra (an old bend of the Mississippi) and the line of levee north of the lake. After completion of this work, the canal was claimed as private property, and the owner issued notice that tolls would be collected from passing boats, and for this reason it was recommended that the old mouth of the bayou, which was obstructed by leaning timber and fallen timber and stumps, be reopened to save the steamboat interests from such imposition.
The act of 1890 appropriated $1,000 for this purpose, but owing to high stages of the Mississippi the work was not begun until the latter part of June, 1891, when a chopping party commenced operations which were completed July 31, 1891, consisting of the removal of snags and logs and felling leaning timber. July 1, 1891, balance unexpended..
$883.98 June 30, 1892, amount expendod during fiscal year..
882.87 July 1, 1892, balance unexpended..
1.11 July 1, 1892, outstanding liabilities
.69 July 1, 1892, balance available
(See Appendix V 8.)
9. Big Black River, Mississippi.— The original project for this improvement contemplated removing snags, logs, leaning timber, etc., obstructing navigation between Cox Terry and the mouth, about 130 miles, at an estimated cost of $32,000.
The first appropriation, by act of 1881, $5,000, was applied to removing the principal obstructions for a distance of 75 miles above the mouth.
The next appropriation, by act of 1886, contained the proviso that no part of the appropriation should be used until the State of Mississippi caused the bridges below the Vicksburg and Meridian Railroad to be so constructed as not to obstruct navigation.